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Thomas A. Smith.

Twelfth Annual Report of the Bureau of Statistics and Information of Maryland. 1903. Thomas A. Smith, Chief. (Volume 1904) online

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wages, $2,250.

Lumber and Timber — Jos. T. Moore, Jr., Sandy Springs ; James M.
Mount, Damascus ; Hiram J. Slottmyer, Burdette ; Geo. R. Bell,
Potomac; Austin K. Black Spencerville — Number of employees, 15;
value of total product, $39,000; capital invested, $6,000; amount paid
annually in wages, $4,100.

Among other industries may be grouped : John M. Heagy, marble
and granite ; Henry Reisinger, bakery products, Rockville ; James H.
Norris, carriages and wagons, Boyds ; Chas. E. Bond, fertilizers,
Spencerville — Number of employees, 18; value of total product, $26,000;
capital invested, $23,500; amount paid annually in wages, $1,500.

Butter, etc. — John L. Burch, Burdette ; Chas. F. Hawkins, Etchison ;
A. W. Nicodemus & Sons, Hyattstc.vn.



STATISTICS AND INFORMATION. 24 1

Confectionery — Geo. W. Bradensburg, Unity.

Flour and Grist Mill Products— Woodland Farm Mill, Cloppers;
Chas. h. Lichleider, Colesville; Spring Mills, Dickcrson ; Valley Mills,
Fairland; Maurice M. Browning, Laytonsville ; John J. Mullinix,
Mullinix; Geo. R. Bell, Potomac; Lindsay R. Hickcrson, Rockville;
Brooke Grove Mills, Sandy Spring; Wm. A. Baker, Unity.

Bakery Products — Christian Hurlcbau, Sandy Springs.

Carpets — Wm. A. Iddings, Brighton.

Wagons, etc. — Wm. H. Kimble, Laytonsville; J. Jacobs & Sons,
Browningsville; G. W. Rcddick, Poolesville.

Harness, etc. — James H. King, Bealsville ; Uriah Brown, Gaithers-
burg.

Tinsmithing, etc. — Chas. D. Morgan, Rockville; M.J. Murphy, Olney;
Chas. Mcintosh, Poolesville.

PRINCE GEORGE'S.

Prince George's County became officially known April 23, 1696, and
was named in honor of Prince George of Denmark, husband of Queen
Anne, having been originally a part of Charles County.

The county is bounded on the west by the Potomac river, on the
east by the Patuxent. Montgomery, Howard, Anne Arundel, Charles
and Calvert Counties and the District of Columbia surround it ; and
formerly within its limits were the present counties of Montgomery
and Frederick. Its proximity to the National Capitol has been con-
ducive to its growth and prosperity.

The county has an area of 480 square miles, of which fifty are water
surface, and its population is 29,898, according to the last census.

The county tax rate for 1903 is 95 cents.

INCORPORATED AND OTHER TOWNS.

The seat of county government was first established at Mount Cal-
vert, on the Patuxent river, but was subsequently removed to Upper
Marlboro.

The incorporated towns in the county are Laurel, Hyattsville,
Bladensburg, Upper Marlboro, and Tacoma Park, while those that are
not incorporated consist of Bowie, Berwj^n, Clinton, Brandywine, For-
estville and Woodville.

The surface of the county is diversified and is traversed by numer-
ous streams, which make agriculture the principal industry of the
county, the soil being particularly favorable to the cultivation of tobacco,
corn and wheat.

Iron and cotton goods are the principal manufactured products of the
count}^



242 REPORT OF THE BUREAU OF

AGRICULTURE.

There are 2,374 farms in the county producing tobacco, corn, wheat
and vegetables, the estimated vahie of the crops for 1903 being $1,400,-
000, and giving employment to (including owners and tenants) at
least "5,000 persons.

MANUFACTURES.

The total number of manufacturing establishments in the county is
estimated at sixty, the greater number of them being small, employing
only one or two men, though it is estimated that the total manufactured
products of the county are worth about $573,000, including custom work
and repairs.

In 1830, or thereabouts, the Patuxent Manufacturing Company was
incorporated and started the present cotton mills at Laurel, known as
the Laurel factory. This industry has continued ever since and is the
principal manufacturing establishment of the county, the Laurel cotton
goods being known all over the world.

The only iron works now in operation in rural Maryland is the
Muirkirk Furnace, on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, at Muirkirk
in this county. It was erected in 1847, and modeled after a famous
furnace at Muirkirk, Scotland.

The following brief list includes other manufactures in Prince
George's County:

Printing and Publishing — The Laurel Democrat, Laurel ; The Hyatts-
ville Independent, Hyattsville — Number of employees, 7; value of
total product, $7,000; capital invested, $6,000.

Iron — Muirkirk Furnace, Muirkirk; Montrose Iron Works, Laurel —
Number of employees, 60; value of total product, 195,000; capital in-
vested, $60,000; amount paid annually in wages, $16,000. .

Flour and Grist Mill Products — Gibbons & Duvaughn, Croom ;
Avondale Mills, Laurel — Number of employees, 4; value of total
product, $10,400; capital invested, $12,300; amount paid annually in
wages, $1,200.

Laurel Cotton Mills, cotton goods, E. Rosenfeld & Company, night
robes. Laurel ; Simms Brothers, cigars, Beltsville ; Gustav H. Dahler,
cigars, Bladensburg — Number of employees, 216 ; value of total product,
$274,500; capital invested, $22,000; amount paid annually in wages,
$78,440.

Carriages and Wagons — John H. Wooten, Laurel.

Brick and Tile — Gilbert Moyers, Bladensburg; Rauser Brothers,
Friendly; Benj. F. Stephen, River dale.

Flouring and Grist Mill Products — H. Morton Bowen. Aquasco ;
Mrs. Georgia Boswell, Brandywine ; John Charles, Charleston ; Mrs.



STATISTICS AND INFORMATION. 243

Sallie Marburg, Croom; John C. Dixon, Friendly; Griffith Mill, Laurel;
Chas. W. Randall, Foustvillc; Chas. fl. Walker, Bright Seat; James
T. Sedgwick, Upper Marlboro.

Lumber and Timber Products — John W. Beale, Accokeck ; J. C. &
J. A. Trueman, John W. Young, Aquasco; Turner & Orme, Baden;
Benj. C. Hicks, James M. Knowles, J, B. Knowles & Brother, Bowie;
Rubin F. Soper, Cheltenham; Clarence Hawkins, Tee Bee; Gibbons
& Duvaughn, Croom ; Miller & Sons, Tippett ; Jenkins & Butler, R. H.
Perrie, Westwood; Chas. H. Walker, Bright Seat.

Photography — Ray Peckham, Upper Marlboro.

Printing and Publishing — Marlboro Gazette, Marlboro Times, Prince
George's Enquirer, Upper Marlboro.

Saddlery and Harness — John H. Trcband, Upper Marlboro ; F. M.
Baker, Laurel.

QUEEN ANNE'S.

This county was created by Act of Assembly in 1706, and was
partly taken from Talbot and partly from Kent Counties, both of
which were then moderately settled.

The county is bounded on the north by the Chester river and
Delaware; on the east by Delaware and Caroline County; on the south
by Talbot and Caroline Counties, and on the west by the Chesapeake
Bay.

The county has a population of nearly 19,000, and an area of 422
square miles, of which 46 are water surface. The tax rate in the
county for 1903 is 90 cents.

INCORPORATED AND OTHER TOWNS.

Centreville, Sudlersville, Church Hill, Crumpton, Queenstown,
Stevensville and Queen Anne are among the incorporated towns,
while Templeville, Winchester, Chester and Ruthsburg are among
those not incorporated. Centreville is the county seat of Queen Anne's
County, having succeeded Queenstown as the seat of government.

AGRICULTURE.

The county is highly favored agriculturally, the soil being fertile
and the surface rolling, and although it has been cultivated for two
and a half centuries, the island is still the delight of agriculturists,
it^ rich soil producing in profusion all the staple crops, while oysters,
fish, crabs and water fowl are plentiful in the waters of the county.

Wheat, corn, hay, fruit and vegetables constitute the principal
products of agriculture, which emanate from the excellent soil, the
climate and the water advantages.

There are 1,475 farms in the county, employing 4,725 hands, and
the value of the crops in 1903 is estimated at $1,760,075.



244 REPORT OF THE BUREAU OE

OYSTERS AND PACKING INDUSTRY.

Oysters and fish are plentiful in Queen Anne's County, and during
the season of 1902-03 upwards of 400,000 bushels of oysters were taken
from its waters, and 1,500 to 2,000 persons find employment in the
industry; It is estimated that the catch was worth $150,000 in 1903.

The packing industry of Queen Anne's is also a growing one, at least
75,000 cases of tomatoes, fruits and vegetables having been packed in
the county last year.

TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES.

The Queen Anne's Railroad, the Queen Anne's and Kent Railroad,,
of the Pennsylvania system, offer excellent transportation facilities,
and are supplemented by the various steamboat lines, which make
daily trips to and from the markets of Baltimore. Practically fruits
and vegetables may be shipped daily to the great markets of the East
and North in time to be received fresh and ready for use at those-
points the next morning.

MANUFACTURES.

The following list of manufacturing industries of the county will
prove of interest, and will give some idea of the progress being made
all over this section of the State :

Bread and Other Bakery Products — C. V. Snyder, R. F. Eaton,
Centreville — Number of employees, 4; capital invested, $1,500; value of"
total product, $6,000; amount paid annually in wages, $700.

Carriages and Wagons — James H. McFarland, Taylor & Furbush, W.
C. Orrell, D. G. Connelly, Centreville; W. S. Delahay, Queenstown —
Number of employees, 10; value of total product, $10,700; capital in-
vested, $4,900 ; amount paid annually in wages, $2,900.

Butter and Creamery Products — J. W. Paynter, Sudlersville; Middle-
ton Farms, Centreville — Number of employees, 5 ; value of total'
product, $13,000; capital invested, $3,000; amount paid annually ini
wages, $1,800.

Flouring and Grist Mill Products — W. C. Palmatory, Centreville;
W. C. Palmatory, Church Hill ; Chas. M. Lloyd, Crumpton ; James-
Sewell, Queen Anne — Number of employees, 10; value of total product,.
$55,000 ; capital invested, $22,500 ; amount paid annually in wages, $4,300.

Canned Fruits and Vegetables — George Anderson & Walls, Sudlers-
ville ; J. H. Jones, Queen Anne's ; Wilson & Merrick, Ingleside ; J.
Langrall & Brother, Centreville; Baylus & Brother, Barclay; Edward
K. Kirby, Queenstown; Hanley & Anthony, Ford's Store — Number of
employees, 635; value of total product, $251,000; capital invested,.
$38,500.



STATISTICS AND INFORMATION. 245

Lumber and Timber Products — B. B. Brown, Queen Anne; S. C.
Coursey, Quecnstown; Geo. M. D. Hart, Hope; Walter Dolby, Car-
michael ; Henry Andric, Wrn. Waldron, Stnrr; John Bricrly, Roberts —
Number of employees, 29; value of total product, $78,500; capital in-
vested, $13,400; amount paid annually in wages, $7,750.

Tinsmithing — F. H. Phillips, C. A. Ringgold, Centreville — Value of
total product, $5,000; capital invested, $600; amount paid annually in
wages, $1,600.

Printing and Publishing — W. S. Roberts, Wm. J. Price, Jr., Centre-
ville; M. W. Aker, Queenstown — Number of employees, 12; value of
total product, $15,000; capital invested, $23,000; amount paid annually
in wages, $6,000.

Bread and Other Bakery Products — John M. Aker, Queenstown.

Carriages and Wagons — R. Hopper Smith, Centreville.

Cheese, Butter, etc. — A. Sidney Gadd, Centreville; Thomas Davis,
Church Hill; I. B. Harrington, Queen Anne.

Flouring and Grist Mill Products — Forman & Emory, J. R. Hollings-
worth, David D. Taylor, Centreville ; Chapel Mill, Edward M. Garey,
Queen Anne; Roberts' Roller Flouring Mill, Sudlersville.

Canned Fruits and Vegetables — Crumpton Packing Company, Crump-
ton; Baker & Arthur, Sudlersville.

Ice — W. M. Armstrong, Centreville.

Lumber and Timber Products — Louis E. Jester, Louis E. Lane,
Centreville ; Wm. H. Cecil, Hayden ; Samuel C. Coursey, Queenstown ;
John Bierly & Son, Roberts.

Shirts— Chas. W. Burgess, Centreville; J. T. Wright, Ford's Store.

Tinsmithing, Coppersmithing and Sheet Iron Working — Chas. L.
Roe, Church Hill; Bordley & Moore, Queen Anne.

Tobacco, Cigars and Cigarettes — Samuel C. Allen, Centreville.

SOAERSET.

Somerset, one of the oldest counties on the Eastern Shore, was settled
in 1666 and has an area of 365 square miles. The first commissioners
were Stephen Horsey, William Stevens, William Thorne, James Jones,
John Winder, Henry Boston, George Johnson and John White, nearly
all of whom have numerous descendants in the county to-day.

Somerset is the most southern county on the Eastern Shore and heads
the list of what are known as the oyster counties of Maryland. It is
washed on the west by the waters of Tangier Sound and on the south
by the waters of Pocomoke Sound, both of which are famous for pro-
ducing the finest oysters in the world.



246 REPORT OF THE BUREAU OE

INCORPORATED TOWNS.

Princess Anne and Crisfield are the only incorporated towns in the
county, Princess Anne being the county seat. Besides these are the
following villages with population ranging from fifty to 500: Deal's
Island, Mt. Vernon, Dame's Quarter, Chance, Jason, Oriole, Eden,
Loretto, Arden, Costen Station, Rehoboth, Marumsco, Shelltown, TuU's
Corner, King's Creek, Westover, Kingston, Fairmount, Landonville,
Marion, Hopewell, Bedsworth, Lawsonia and Ewell.

Somerset has a population of about 26,000, one-half of which is
engaged in the oyster, crab and fish business, and the county tax rate
for 1903 is $1.07.

OYSTERS, CRABS AND FISH.

Somerset County is noted for being one of the largest markets and
shipping points in the country for 0}'sters, crabs and fish, particularly
is this the case with reference to crabs, both hard and soft ; and nowhere
in the State or country is more delectable sea fruit found than in the
waters surrounding Somerset County.

Crisfield, the largest town in the county, has a population of nearly
4,000, and a suburban population within two miles of the town limits
of 3,000, and consequently there is plenty of cheap labor. It also has
one of the deepest and finest harbors on the Chesapeake Bay.

Crisfield, in the southwestern part of the county is a large 03^ster
shipping point in winter, and in summer is the largest crab shipping
point in the world. The oyster pack for the winter of 1902- 1903 was
396,400 bushels, worth about $300,000. The soft crab business, which
has been so largely developed in recent years, has been better this
year than ever and a conservative estimate places the quantity shipped
at 1,500,000 dozen, worth at least $400,000. During the past two years
the shipping of crab meat has been added to that of shipping soft
crabs and oysters. Hard crabs are cooked in large steam vats and the
meat picked out by women. The meat is then placed in gallon cans
and shipped all over the country. About 50,000 gallons were shipped
from Crisfield this year and sold for between $40,000 and $50,000.

From early in March until October i, shad, blue fish, trout and a few
other varieties are caught and about 100 barrels shipped a week. The
amount realized from these is anywhere between $4,000 and $7,000,
a great deal depending upon the state of the market. This does not
include the amount consumed at home, which is quite considerable.

SOIL AND AGRICULTURE.

The soil of Somerset is adapted particularly to the raising of vege-
tables of all kinds, and especially has the production of tomatoes rapidly
increased during the past two years to supply the two dozen canning



STATISTICS AND INl'ORMATION. 247

houses which have sprung up during that time. This soil in parts has
a good substrata of clay and readily responds to intensive cultivation,
with the result that some of the finest strawberries in the country are
produced here, and the crop of this fruit is always large. Corn, wheat
and potatoes are also largely produced, though strawberry and tomato
crops have become the principal ones, and arc worth from $150,000
to $250,000 each.

The value of these farming lands are readily becoming recognized,
and settlement by Western and foreign persons is progressing.

TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES.

The transportation facilities of the county are fair, the New York,
Philadelphia & Norfolk Railroad running through the county, and hav-
ing a twenty mile branch in the county, while Crisfield has a steam-
boat both to and from Baltimore every day. Both the steamboat and
railroad companies have all they can do to handle the traffic, and
another railroad and an electric railroad would prove highly profitable,
the electric railroad to run from Crisfield to Princess Anne, and pass
through ten or twelve villages between the two points.

The principal other needs of the county are a good oyster planting
system, the present output being scarcely one-tenth of what it was
twenty years ago, and more manufactories.

MANUFACTURES.

The manufacturing establishments of Somerset are not extensive,
but the canning and shipping industry is large, but no really authentic
data can be secured of the amount of business done in the community
by individual firms, yet we are safe in saying that the taking, catching,
packing and shipping of oysters, combined with the canning, is the
largest of any in the State.

The following is a list of the business concerns of the county :

Awnings and Sails — S. F. Hastings, John W. Lewis, J. E. Richard-
son, W. H. Norwood, Crisfield; Henry Brown, Wenona.

Boxes, Wooden, Packing— A. B. Cochrane & Company, Crisfield
Lumber & Manufacturing Company, Crisfield; Scott Brothers, Welling-
ton. '

Bread and Other Bakery Products— M. E. Sterling, G. T. Mears,
Crisfield.

Bricks and Tile— George M. Collins, Crisfield; Daniel Collins, Sr.,
Princess Anne.

Carriages and Wagons — Chas. W. Bozman, Eden; John W. Nock,
R. J. Adams, James F. Loreman, Crisfield.

Fish Phosphate Factory — L. E. P. Dennis & Son, Crisfield.



248 REPORT OF THE BUREAU OF

Crabs and Oysters, Canning and Preserving, and Steaming Crab
Meat — J. J. Tull & Company, Tangier Packing Company, A. P. Ford
Company, S. S. Coston, E. R. Lowe & Company, Kelly, Noah & Com-
pany, J. H. Riggin & Company, Crisfield.

Flouring and Grist Mills — Crisfield Milling Company, Crisfield;
S. H." Lockerman, Francis & Robertson, Fairmount; Manokin Roller
Flour Mill (Cohn & Bock), Princess Anne; Wm. F. Ruark & Son,
Westover.

Fruits and Vegetables, Canning — S. F. Dashiell, Dames Quarter; W.
J. Shores, Chance; Green & Roberts, Loretto; Pusey & White (2
places), Princess Anne; Lankford & Scott, Arden; Cooley & Company,
Kings Creek ; Lankford & Brother, Jones & Cox, Fairmount ; Whistler
& Wilson, Costen Station ; Cooley & Company, R. P. Whittington, Mar-
ion Station ; J. C. Carver & Company, Marumsco ; E. Robinson, Hope-
well; Hudson Brothers, Kingston; C. M. Dashiell (2 places), Prin-
cess Anne; Farmers' Canning Company, L. M. Milbourne, Kingston;
W. V. Matthews, Shelltown ; Westover Packing Company, Westover ;
Crisfield Canning & Packing Company, Crisfield Milling Company,
Crisfield; Richard L. Fitzgerald, Habnab; J. E. Dashiell & Company,
Mt. Vernon.

Ice, Manufactured — Crisfield Ice Manufacturing Company, Crisfield.

Ice Cream — Crisfield Ice Cream Company, Carroll Crockett, man-
ager, Sterling Steam Ice Cream Works, Crisfield.

Lumber and Timber Products — John W. Cox, Crisfield; Wm. Jack-
son & Son, Eden Lumber Company, Eden; P. O. Hudson & Brother,
Kingston; Wm. J. Hall Manufacturing Company, E. W. McGrath &
Brother, Marion Station ; Holland & Williams, Mt. Vernon ; Oriole
Milling Company, Oriole; Robert J. Kelley, Princess Anne Milling
Company, Princess Anne; Ogden H. Wilkens, Rehoboth; Scott Bros,.
Wellington; A. Retzell, Westover;- S. J. Marshall, Crisfield.

Printing and Publishing — Leader Publishing Company, Crisfield
Times, Crisfield ; Marylander & Herald, Somerset Journal, Princess
Anne.

Boat and Shipbuilding — W. A. Meredith, W. S. Smith, Fairmount;
W. H. Muir, John Branford (Fishing Island), Upper Fairmount;
McCready & Nelson, David Byrd, S. W. .Dana, Crisfield.

Shirt Factories — Asbury Shirt Manufacturing Company, Baptist
Shirt Company, Crisfield Shirt Factory, Crisfield.

Tinsmithing — Crisfield Hardware Company, Peoples' Hardware Com-
pany, Crisfield; Hiram C. Waller, Princess Anne.



STATISTICS AND INI^ORMATION. 249

ST. MARY'S.

St. Mary's, the Tirst county orji^anizcd in the State, is the southern-
most county in Maryland on the western shore of the Chesapeake Bay.
The county is almost an island, being bounded on the south by the
Potomac, on the east by the Chesapeake, on the north by the Patuxent,
and on the west by the Wicomico River, and an imaginary line, 4^4
miles long, from the head waters of Budd's Creek, an arm of the
Wicomico, to the head waters of Indian Creek, a branch of the Patuxent.

The waters that almost surround St. Mary's, and many of their
numerous branches, called creeks or bays, that indent the county, are
navigable and important water courses, and because of them no resi-
dent can be more than six miles from navigable water.

Along the rivers the land is generally flat and rises gently towards
the interior, but the elevation attained is slight. Numerous small
sti-eams, locally known as runs, fed by clear cold springs, flow through
the lands, and furnish man and beast with a constant and abundant
supply of pure, wholesome water.

AREA, SOILS, CROPS, ETC.

The county is long and narrow and has an area of 360 square miles.

According to the census there were 1292 farms in St. Mary's County
in 1900, with a total of 192,503 acres therein, and the population of
the county at the same time was 18,136. The tax rate of St. Mary's
for 1903 is 96 cents on the hundred.

Near the water courses the soil is generally dark, heavy loam,
becoming lighter and sandier towards the interior, and if judiciously
farmed is kind and productive.

Usually the lands are naturally drained, but where resort must be
had to ditching, the draining is easily and cheaply secured on account
of the slope towards the rivers and creeks.

Proximity to large bodies of water has marked effect on the climate.
Oppressively hot summer days are very rare, and the winters are
never very cold. Farmers do out-of-door work the year through.
Ice and snow seldom remain over three weeks and the ice on ponds
rarely forms over four inches thick. The county is uot subject to
destructive storms.

AGRICULTURE AND STOCK RAISING.

St. Mary's is an ideal agricultural section. Here intelligent farming
insures an abundance of creature comforts, and the healthful climate
conduces to long life.

Temperate summers, long autumns and mild winters specially adapt
the county to the raising of stock. The rapid growth of clover and



250 REPORT OF THE BUREAU OF

grasses makes grazing possible for ten months of the year, and near-
ness to markets and cheap water transportation gives peculiar ad-
vantages to this industry.

Corn, wheat and tobacco are the staple crops of the section. Fine
vegetables of all kinds are easily produced, and clover and hay grasses
thrive. ' Small fruits produce plentifully, with little care, and apples,
pears and peaches are remunerative crops.

Farms may be purchased here at reasonable figures and on good
terms. The inland farms can usually be bought cheap, while the lands
on the rivers are held at higher prices.

Nearly a fourth of the county is in timber, including pine, oak,
poplar, ash, chestnut, hickory, walnut, beech, gum and birch, which
supply all demands for firewood, fencing and material for building.

OYSTERS AND FISH.

The waters of the county abound in fish and oysters, and the catch-
ing and shipping of them gives employment to a large number of
persons, there being reported upwards of 5,000 persons employed in
various capacities in this industry in 1901, from the taking to the can-
ning and shipping of oysters.

In the spring, fresh Potomac herring sell for from $2.00 to $4.00
per thousand and are very plentifully purchased by farmers, who buy
them and salt them for winter use. Next to farming, the oyster
industry is the most important one in the county. There were 855
licenses for tongers issued in 1902-3.

TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES.

Numerous steamers and sailing vessels furnish transportation to the
nearby cities of Baltimore and Washington, but the railroad facilities
are limited to a short line connection with the Pennsylvania system,
which does not reach the larger portion of the county.' Lack of these
railroad facilities is due to the sparse settlement of the county, and
what is needed in St. Mary's is greater population to utilize the mag-



Online LibraryThomas A. SmithTwelfth Annual Report of the Bureau of Statistics and Information of Maryland. 1903. Thomas A. Smith, Chief. (Volume 1904) → online text (page 23 of 30)