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ples, whom Jesus loved.

This was St. John himself. None knew better than he



VER. 12 30.] ST. JOHN. 485

how great an honour this was, and yet his modesty would
not suffer him to mention his name.

24. Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him, that he should ask
who it should be of whom he spake.

25. He then, lying on Jesus' breast, saith unto him. Lord, who
is it?

26. Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when
1 have dipped it. And when he had dipped the sop, he gave it to
Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon.

In preference to the rest. Can we be mistaken in sup-
posing that this was intended to work upon him, to bring
him to contrition and repentance ?

27. And after the sop, Satan entered into him. Then said
Jesus unto him. That thou doest, do ipuckly.

The more kindness was shown to Judas, and the more
calls he had, the more he was hardened ; and now was
Satan's time for taking full possession of him. He was
given up to the wickedness of his own heart, and must
run headlong into destruction. Jesus was ready to suffer.
We see in this man what we are, when all restraining grace
is gone.

28. Now no man at the table knew for what intent he spake
this unto him.

Except John, and he but imperfectly.

29. For some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that
Jesus had said unto him. Buy those things that we have need of
against the feast ; or, that he should give something to the jioor.

30. He then, having received the sop, went immediately out;
and it was night.

Thus Judas parted with the friendship of Christ, and a
flood conscience, and renoimccd the company of Christ's
disciples, and lent himself to become the betrayer of
Jesus. — Edit.



48G ST. JOHN. [cHAr, XIII.



SECTION LVII.
Chap. xiii. ver. 31 — 38.

HE BIDS HIS DISCIPLES TO LOVE ONE ANOTHER.

31. Therefore, when he was gone out, Jesus said, Now is the
Son of man glorified, and God is glorified in him.

Jesus spake these words not immediately upon the going
out of Judas after supper that evening, but some time the
next morning after cock-crowing ; for else there would
have been a morning, after cock-crowing, before St. Peter's
denial of him, verse 38. " Now is the Son of man glori-
fied," and in him every son of man who chooses it.
Observe, his inconceivable sufferings, and accursed death,
were nothing to him ; nay, he accounts them part of his
glory. So dear was our salvation to him ! " And God is
glorified in him," by his oblation of himself for the redemp-
of mankind from sin and misery.

32. If God be glorified in him, God shall also glorify him in
himself, and shall straightway glorify him.

By raising him from the dead, and giving him all power
in heaven and earth, for our benefit. Let us consider, that
God is glorified, and Christ is glorified, in the manifesta-
tion of that rich goodness, which is the glory of the Divine
nature, and always the same in itself, whether we are better
for it, or not. Hovv^ could God stoop lower, than by
speaking of our salvation and recovery, as his glory ?
How can we rise higher than by suffering it to take place
in us ? If it is not our steady aim, and great wish that it
may, let our hearts tell us so this moment.

13. T,inle children, vet a little while T am with vou. Ye shall



V£R. 31 — 38.] ST. JOHN. 4S7

seek me : and as I said unto the Jews, Wliither I go, \c cannot
coine : so now I say to yon.

You cannot come immediately ; he had a work for them
to do first. Either we can go to him now, or we cannot.
What are we doinof? Is our work finished.'' Is it in oood
forwardness .'' Is it begun .''

34. A new commandment I give unto you. That ye love one
another ; as [ have loved you, that ye also love one another.

And how did he love us ? By laying down his life for
us. This takes in all the properties of charity mentioned
in 1 Cor. cliaji. xiii. Whenever we are called to lay down
our lives for the spiritual good of others, not one of them
can be wanting. The words are plain, but the duty is
hard ; and can have no place but in a regenerate soul,
warmed with a sense of redeeming mercy. The human
heart, in its natural state, is too cold a soil for this heavenly
plant to grow in. But Avhy does he call this a new com-
mandment .'*

1st, In respect to the degree of love required. Perhaps
it was never so understood before.

2ndly, It was a new, or most peculiar command, in re-
spect of the stress laid upon it.

Srdly, In respect of their ability to fulfil it. 1 John ii.
7,8.

Let us think whether it is not quite new to some of us,
and whether we arc not amazed to hear it.

35. By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye
have love one to another.

If we have, we are happy at once, with heaven in our
hearts. But will not our baptism, christian profession,
and a tolerably smooth life, be a sufficient proof in this
case? No, nothing but such love as his; and whatever the
world sees in us, or thinks of us, hereby we must know
ourselves to be his disciples. Here beneficent actions will
put in their claim. Bui they are an easy substitute for



488 ST. JOFIN. [chap. xiri.

love in the heart, and may be nothing but an artifice to
quiet conscience in the want of it, a bait for applause, or
a tribute paid to self. One single consideration might set
us right on this point. What concern do we feel, what
means do we use, for the salvation of others ?

36. Simon Peter said unto hiui, Lord, whither goest thou ?
Jesus answered him. Whither I go, thou canst not follow me now ;
but thou shall follow me afterwards.

What Christ had said, ''Whither I go ye cannot come,"
seems to have made a deeper impression on Peter, than the
" new commandment." He tells Peter, " the time is not
yet,*" and he further intimates that Peter was not fit for the
duty. But he tells him that he should follow him after-
wards, to heaven, by martyrdom.

37. Peter said unto him, Lord, why cannot I follow thee now ?
I will lay down my life for thy sake.

Peter was a warm, sincere man, but promised too libe-
rally on his own account, and failed wretchedly in the trial.
Lord, keep us ever mindful of our weakness, that we may
fly to thy strength, and be enabled to stand in the hour of
temptation.

38. Jesus answered him. Wilt thou lay down thy life for my
sake ? Verily, verily, I say unto thee. The cock shall not crow, till
thou hast denied me thrice.

O Lord, lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from
the evil one. — Edit.



CHAP XIV.] ST. JOHN. 489

SECTION LVIII.

Chap. xiv. ver. 1 — 11.

CHRIST COMFORTS HIS DISCIPLES.

1. Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe
also in mc.

Thus Christ, in effect, speaks to all ; this is blessed en-
couragement to every fainting soul ; and with these words
we should arm ourselves in afflictions, or desertions, and
especially against the accusations of conscience. " Believe
in me," for the forgiveness of sins, regeneration to newness
of life, and future glory. The man who is in earnest to
save his soul, believes in the all of Christ, his commands,
example, quickening power, and eternal rewards, as well
as forgiveness ; and what he believes, he desires, and hopes
to obtain, he endeavours after, and prays for.

2. In my Father's house are many mansions : if it were not so,
I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for yow.

In my Father's house are mansions for many, even for
all whose hearts are set upon them. " If it were not so, I
would have told you." He cannot deceive us, we may
safely rely on his word ; sinners as we are, heaven can
receive us.

" I go to prepare a place for you," by taking possession
of heaven in the liuman nature, for the human nature.
Blessed Jesus! prepare us for it, and support us with this
hope.

3. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again,
and receive you unlo myself; thai where I am there ye may be also.

One is as sure as the other. But this is no comfort, ex-
cept to his faithful followers. O that we longed for his
coming, and had a burning desire to bo with him, in love
to him, and chiefly for his own sake !

4. And whillicr 1 go ye know, and the way ye know.



490 ST. JOHN. [chap. XIV.

We know both better than they did then. We live when
all is fully opened. Let us know our advantages, and
bless God for them.

5. Thomas saith unto him. Lord, we know not whither thou
goest; and how can we know the way ?

The ignorance of Thomas, becomes a benefit to us. His
question drew from Christ such an answer as is worthy of
our notice, and which can make us wise unto salvation.

6. Jesus saith unto him, I am the wa}', and the truth, and the
life : no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.

Christ is the way of holiness, the tvay of happiness, the
way to heaven, and the only way : the truth of God, in his
discoveries of himself to man, his commands, promises, and
threatenings : and the life of our souls, in their redemption
from death by the sacrifice of himself, and from their dead
state by the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. " No man
cometh unto the Father, but by me." To the knowledge
of Christ here, or the enjoyment of him hereafter, but by
faith, and by faithful obedience to him.

The great design of this whole discourse, to the end of
the seventeenth chapter, was to establish the apostles, and
all others, in the faith of Him, in all his offices.

7. If ye had known me, ye should have known my Father
also : and from henceforth ye know him, and have seen him.

In the full manifestation of his nature, power, and will,
by me. This knowledge of God all may have, and when
it is spiritual and effectual, it is the same to all intents and
purposes as seeing him : and Christ here teaches us to call
it so.

8. Philip saith unto him. Lord, shew us the Father, and it suf-
ficeth us.

9. Jesus saith unto him. Have I been so long time with you,
and yet hast thou not known me, Phihp ? he that hath seen me
hath seen the Father ; and how sayest thou then, Shew us the
r'ather ?

10. Believest thou nut that I a,ui in the Father, and \W. Father



VER. 12 — 17.] ST. JOHN. 491

ill me ? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself:
but the Father tliat dwelleth in me, he floetli the works.

11. Believe me that I am in the Father, and the Father in
me : or else believe me for the very works' sake.

Let it be carefully observed, how often he appeals to his
works, or miracles, as a proof of his divine mission. So
long as we keep ourselves on this ground, we shall be
steady in our belief of Christ ; we shall receive whatever
he teaches, and whatever he commands, and hope for every
thing which he promises.



SECTION LIX.

Chap. xiv. ver. 12—17.

HE ENCOURAGES TO PllAYEK.

12. Verily, verily, I say unto you. He that believcth on me,
the works that I do, shall he do also ; and greater works than these
shall he do ; because I go unto my Father.

He would send down the Holy Ghost, by which the
apostles, especially, would be enabled to do greater works
than lie himself did, chiefly in the conversion of o-rcater
numbers. That work was the fruit of his ascension, and
the Holy Spirit is always doing it in the Avorld ; indeed the
recovery of every single sinner to God, is a greater miracle
than any which Christ performed upon the bodies of men.
Nothing so fatally keeps us out of the way of Christ's power,
and from a state of prayer, as thinking this recovery is an
easy matter. If we have never applied to Christ, under a
clear conviction of the necessity of this work, and of our
own helplessness, we have neither faith in hiu), nor streno-th
from him, and are no better to this hour than we have been
able to make ourselves.

13. And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will 1 (]o,
I hat the Father may be glorified in the Son.



492 ST. JOHN. [chap. XIV.

That is, whatever ye ask believing in me, through whom
alone your prayers will be accepted.

Until we believe, we cannot pray according to the will of
God, in the possession of self-knowledge, and with a true
desire for the blessings of the gospel. " That will I do,
that the Father may be glorified in the Son," by granting
all our petitions, and bringing us to salvation tiirough him.
Our conversion to God, by Christ, is called his glory, be-
cause till then we are the stain and blemish of his creation.
Let not this pass without notice.

14. If ye shall ask anything in my name, I will do it.

He repeats it for our direction, and assurance ; and says
again, " I will do it." Who can hear and answer all our
prayers, but God ?

15. If ye love me, keep my commandments.

This is only saying in other words, if ye love me, love
yourselves. Nothing can give rest to our souls, witii-
out keeping them, especially in love to him. The not keep-
ing them is the plague of our natures, and the bane of all
happiness. Obedience to this one commandment of love,
would make the world a paradise.

16. And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another
Comforter, that lie may abide with you for ever ;

Let us ask our hearts, whether they desire he should thus
pray for us ? Are the comforts of the Holy Ghost, peace
with God, a will to obey him, and the hope of eternal life,
our own great prayer ? Let us bring ourselves to this test.
Christ was about to leave his disciples, yet he would be
always present with them, in the power of his Spirit.

17. Even the Spirit of truth ; whom the world cannot receive,
because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him : but ye know him j
for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.

" The Spirit of truth," shows us the truth of our state
of sin, manifests to our consciences the truth of God for
our recovery, brings us into the truth, and keeps us in it.



VER. 18_*24.] ST. JOHN. 493

" Whom the world cannot receive," while it is the world ;
the world lying in wickedness ; no man while the world is
uppermost in his heart. The world we so much love, and
live for, stands in direct opposition to him, and the hea-
venly nature he comes to raise in us.

" Because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him," — has
no sense of his benefits, nor desire of his operations.

" But ye know him, for he dwelleth with you, and shall
be in you." To know him, in his abiding influences, is to
see him. How happy shall we be if each one of us can
say, I see him plainly in his work upon my heart !



SECTION LX.

Chap. xiv. ver. 18 — 24.

CHRIST PROMISES THE COMFORTER.

18. I will not leave you comfortless : I will come to yon.

Let us note this. Why are we joyless, and comfortless
all our lives, without knowing why, or ever asking the rea-
son of it, but because he never came to us?

19. Yet a little while, and the world seeth me no more ; but ye
see me : because I live, ye shall live also.

We may see Christ, if we please, in his salvation. Let
us catch at this promise, — see ourselves undone without
him, and then we shall be in pain for a saving sight of
him.

" Because I live, ye shall live also." His resurrection is
our resurrection, his life is our life, when we are in him by
faith. We live by him, and shall live with him.

20. At that day ye shall know that I am in my Father, and ye
in me, and I in you.

The apostles in Christ, by the power of miracles in
them : they, and all others, by faith and conversion. There



494 ST. JOHN. [chap, xlv^

is no being a Christian without attaining to this know-
ledge.

21. He that bath my commaiKhnents, and keepeth them, he it
is that loveth me : and he that loveth me shall be loved of my
Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him.

We have Christ*'s comnmndments, but how do we keep
them ? There is no avoiding this : without the offering up
of our wills to Christ in obedience, whatever we pretend,
there can be no love to him. ■

" And he that loveth me, shall be loved of my Father."
This promise furnishes a great motive for love and obedi-
ence ! Is this nothing to you ? Ponder these words, and
think what it is to live and die, with, or without, the
Father's love. " And I will love him, and will manifest
myself to him." In the increase of his light and love.

22. Judas saitb mito him, (not Iscariot,) Lord, bovvis it that thou
will manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world ?

Judas seems to have been under the common mistake of
the Jews, as to the manner of Christ's manifesting himself.

23. Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, be will
keep my words : and my Father will love him ; and we will come
unto him, and make our abode with him.

If a man love Christ, he will, and can keep his words:
for nothing but love does, or can keep them. Here Jesus
puts love first, as the root and cause of a lively, unfailing,
universal obedience. This is beginning our work in the
way Christ orders, and now it will prosper in our hands.
" We will come unto him, and make our abode with him,"
It was the great end of Christ's coming into the w'orld, that
he might make his followers again the living temples of
God.

24. He that loveth me not keepeth not my sayings ; and the
word which ye have beard is not mine, but the Father's which
sent me.

How shall we attain to that love of Christ, which makes



VER. 25- 31. J ST. joHK. 495

our obedience acceptable to God, and easy and pleasant to
ourselves ? Answer : by a sense of his love to uc, in our
redemption, and not otherwise. Both St. Paul and St.
John give this answer, Rom. v. 5 : " And hope maketh
not ashamed ; because the love of God is shed abroad in
our hearts by the Holy Ghost, which is given unto us."
And St. John says, in his first Epistle, iv. 19, "We love
him, because he first loved us."



SECTION LXI.

Chap. xiv. ver. 25 — 31.

CHRIST LEAVES HIS PEACE WITH HIS DISCIPLES.

25. These things I have spolien unto you, being yet present
with you.

26. But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the
Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and
bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said
unto you.

The things which Christ taught them are upon record in
their writings, for our benefit. But still this is not enough.
Whatever we learn from them or remember savingly, is by
the Holy Ghost. And farther, he is always ready to do his
office in us ; and if we are ignorant, or forgetful of saving
truth, it is because we do not put ourselves in his hands.

27. Peace I leave with you, ray peace I give unto you : not
as the world giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be trou-
bled, neither let it be afraid.

Christ leaves to his disciples a most inestimable gift,
'' peace." Relief from the guilt of sin, which was lying on
the conscience, and from the power of it in our hearts.
This peace is our best cordial in the troubles of life, and
our great support in the hour of death : that which ._^Jesus
purchased for us with his blood, and gives his Spirit to



496 ST. JOHN. [chap. XIV.

work in us ; a peace of God which passeth al] understand-
ing, and yet little valued or sought after.

" Not as the world giveth, give I unto you." The men
of this world, when they pay us compliment, or wish us
peace, mean little by it, and it is, at the best, but a wish :
indeed, the world itself is a known cheat, and gives nothing
of what it promises, no solid and lasting comfort, nothing
but empty hopes, false peace, and ruinous joys. IVIen,
under the gospel, have their choice of this, or the peace of
Christ.

" Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid."
They had much to do and suffer, but his peace would en-
able them to bear up against all.

28. Ye have heard how I said unto yon, I go away, and come
again mito you. If ye loved me ye would rejoice, because I said, I
go unto the Father : for my Father is greater than I.

Christ says, I go to glory, which I had with him before
the world was, John xvii. 5. And Christ says, that he goes
away, in order that the Spirit might be sent, chap. xvi. 7.
" For my Father is greater than I," in my present state of
humiliation, and before the coming of the Holy Spirit,
which will be a greater manifestation of the divine power,
and followed with greater effects than you now see.

According to this interpretation, which arises naturally
from the context, here is nothing asserted of any difference,
or essential inequality, between the Feather and the Son.
The Father is greater, but only in a certain respect;
namely, as sending the Spirit, or greater than the Son in
the days of his humanity, and under a lower dispensation.
And in this respect, the Son, equally joined with the Fa-
ther in the act of sending the Holy Spirit, was greater
than himself.

29. And now I have told you before it come to pass, that, when
it is come to pass, ye might believe.

With greater comfort, and assurance; as all do, from
the experience of the work of the Holy Spirit in them-
selves.



CHAP. XV.] ST. JOHN. 497

30. Hereafter I will not talk much with you : for the prince of
this world eometh, and hath nothing in nie.

Hereafter '' I shall not,"' rather than, " will not talk
much with you.'"* He hereby intimates to them, that he
was just about to leave them, which they did not well
understand. " For the prince of this world cometh, and
hath nothing in me." No right in me, or power over me,
on account of sin; for which all others die, and must have
died eternally, if He who had no sin, had not died for
them. O I let sin go. Let us see here, who governs the
world by it, and what is the hold which Satan has of
us.

31. But. that the world may know that I love the Father, and
as the Father gave me commandment, even so 1 do. Arise, let us
go hence.

Jesus showed his love to the Father, as he desires we
should show our love to him, by keeping his command-
ments. But let us think, and lay it deeply to heart. Why
does he thus magnify his love and obedience, in laying
down his life, both freely and by command from the Fa-
ther.'' All this was for the sake of wretched mankind, who
were perishing in sin, to deliver them from the curse of it,
and to bring them to glory.

" Arise, let us go hence." From the place where they
were to the city of Jerusalem. And what follows in the
three next chapters, was another discourse, at another time,
namely, at the paschal supper in Jerusalem, and imme-
diately before he went over the brook Cedron. (Chap,
xviii. 1.)



SECTION LXII.
Chap. XV. ver. L— 8.

TIIK PAltABLK OF TUK VIXK AXn ITS BRANCHES.

1. 1 am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman.
VOL. n. K K



498 ST. joiix. [criAP. xv.

Christ, in effect, says, I make glad tlie heart of man, in
a much higher and better sense than the natural vine does.
And we must of all necessity be grafted into him, and
be preserved in a fruit-bearing state, by the Father.

2. Every branch in me that bearcth not fruit he taketh away :
and every branch that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may
bring forth more fruit.

Let us observe carefully, not Christ himself, is here the
branch, he needed no purging; but it is spoken of his
body, the members. And as parts of him, and receiving
vital influence from him, we must and shall be like him,
in all things. And further, let us learn, that in order to
be in a fruit-bearing state, we must be in him.

If we, as branches, bear not fruit, then we perish. Our
baptism is lost, Christ is lost, our souls are lost for ever.

Who is the Christian ? Answer. The man who is
always improving, who has his heart upon Christ's purg-
ing, and gives himself wholly up to him for it, refusing no
means, however sharp, for that end.

3. Now ye are clean through the word which I have spoken
unto you.

By his word bringing them to himself. And he says, ye
are clean, because they were already in him by faith, and
he knew they would go on to perfection.

4. Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear
fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except
ye abide in uie.

5. I am the vine, ye are the branches : He that abiduth in nie,
and I in him, the same bringetb forth much fruit : for without me
ye can do nothing.

This implies, that with him we can do everything. This
is a thunder-clap to all natural men. Both the will, and
the deed, are from him ; and we can perform nothing like
an acceptable obedience, but by union with him in the spirit
of regeneration. Those who do, and are willing to do the
most, are the most convinced of this. They know that



VEn. 1 — 8.] ST. JOHN. 499

tliey could as soon raise a dead body to life, as renew
themselves to the image of God, in righteousness, and
true holiness : and this knowledge keeps them close to



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