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Thomas Babington Macaulay Macaulay.

The Architect & engineer of California and the Pacific Coast (Volume v.44-45 (Jan.-June 1916)) online

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and money, and in many cases great
haste is unnecessary. We believe archi-
tects and engineers have it within their
power to correct many of the evils inci-
dent to undue haste in design and con-
struction by carrying through a system-
atic campaign designed to educate pros-
pective building, owners to the absolute
need for more time in design and con-
struction. No intelligent designer is anx-
ious to rush a job on which he is en-



gaged, nor is any one designer able to
bring about a change in existing condi-
tions — by concerted action, however, we
believe much good can be accomplished.

"The ordinary procedure is about as
follows: F'irst. the designer is asked to
get out preliminary plans and an esti-
mate of cost, or several plans and esti-
mates of cost, within a few days. The
result is that, if the job is a big one,
the whole office force immediately be-
gins to work overtime, and, in addition,
new men — not accustomed to the meth-
ods used in that particular office — are en-
gaged temporarily, and later dismissed
summarily. In the meantime the archi-
tect's engineer, or some consulting en-
gineer engaged for this job, is set to
work to design a framework for a build-
ing which exists only in the architect's
imagination, although at this stage there
are available a few sketches, which the
architect is certain to change before he
finally creates something which appar-
ently satisfies him. It may be pertinent
to add that the engineer tries conscien-
tiously to produce a skeleton which will
hold up the useful and necessary parts
of the building, together with its embel-
lishments and superficial features, for
each new conception of the architect.
His success in doing this depends largely
upon his luck at guessing. In the mean-
time the architect is kept busy dodg-
ing contractors and material men who
have heard of the contemplated work
and desire advance information. After
the plans and specifications are com-
pleted, each bidder is given about ten
days to make an estimate (?) of quan-
tities and of what the work is worth to
him, taking into account the e.xisting con-
dition of his aflfairs. The same rush
and confusion e.xists after construction
is started, and there is certain to be
numerous occasions for conflict between
the various sub-contractors.

"Enough has been said — ^lightly, yet
seriously — to indicate to those not en-
tirely familiar with building construc-
tion work some objections to the pres-
ent hasty methods in design and con-
struction. The wonder of it all is that
the owner gets as good a building as
he generally does. If he obtains an en-
tirely satisfactory job it is reasonably
certain that he has done so at the
expense of those who have had charge
of its design and construction, which,
of course, is unfair. If the owner gets
a poor job, it is partly his own fault,
but only partly so, as he generally does
not appreciate the difficulties which must
be overcome before the completed build-
ing is turned over to him. The solution,
we assert, is an education campaign con-
ducted with the co-operation of all archi-
tects and engineers engaged in this kind
of work. And such a campaign is well
worth while."



The .■irchilect and fini;iiici-r 117

mvf^wKY ^^ ^^ "^®^ Bidder" Not Always Our Aim.

^13 S. r t O"'' '"'»' particular attention is given to prompt anil skillful handling of all electrical
'•4L; :,^fev7~" ^ °' *"*' ""'"'■'^ "''"^ •OUALITY AND SERVICE GUARANTEED."



Our nation-wide orsanization and large experience in this field assures you always of
fair estimates and absolute satisfaction.

F. E. NEWBERY ELECTRIC CO.




CENTRAL ELECTRIC COMPANY

CONSTRUCTION AND APPLIANCES

J. H\. CARLSON, President and Atanager
Phone Douglas 387 175 JESSIE ST., SAN FRANCISCO, CAL



Eectnca CHARLES T. PH IL LIPS >' "„

M..'^n"n '-T CO.\SULTI.\a EmiNBER Spccflc-atu.ns

Mechanical ^^^.^^ Building. San Francisco ^'-^''"'^

Phone Sutter 2176

The Economical Production. Distribution and .Application of Light, Power, Heat and Ventilation
Illumination Efficiency Physical Reports Electrolysis Investigations Estimates and Tests



REX



ELECTRIC AND
CONSTRUCTION CO.. Inc.



1 1 74 Sutter St El^«=trical Er.gir,eer, and Contractors San FranciscO

pioneProsp<it9a JOBBING - REPAIRS - SUPPLIES • California



LEO. J. xMEYBERG COMPANY

LIGHTING FIXTURES



Standard Electrical Construction Co.

Electrical Contractors and Engineers

Telephone Sutter 894 60 NATOMA ST., SAN FRANCISCO

San Francisco, Cal. Oakland, Cal. l.os Angflt-s, Cal.

NePAGE, McKENNY CO.

Electrical Engineers and Contractors

Phone Sutter 2369 149 New iMontgomer.\ St.. San Francisco, Cal.

General Electrical Construction Co.

Electrical Contractors and Dealers

Display Room>, Retail Department and Office*
OFarrell and Maion Street. SAN FRANCISCO



118



The Architect and Eng^ineer




AWARDED GRAND

PRIZE AT THE

P. P. I. E.



if you are planning
a building— public
or private

— and want it to be up-to-date — want
your client to have the best the market
affords — want him to obtain- the most
possible income on his investment —
want him to be satisfied — then specify

TUEC

Stationary Vacuum Cleaner



For residence work the TUEC is ideal — Requires no
attention. There is no intricate mechanism to get out
of order. Anyone can operate it. It is as simple as A B C,
but it is the very last word in vacuum cleaning.

The United Eledtric Co.

Canton, Ohio



California Distributors

S.F. COMPRESSED AIR CLEANING CO.

397 Sutter Street, San Francisco



BARKER BROS.

724-38 South Broadway, Los Angeles



When writing to Advertisers please mention tins magazine



The Architect and Engineer



119



Architects' License Valid

According to a recent deci.siim nf tlie
Supreme Court, the ordinanec of the
city of Grand Rapids covering the li-
censing of all architects in tlie city
must be enforced, if the architects oi
that city want to be assured of receiving
pay for their work.

The case in (|uestion was that of Ran-
dall W. Wedgewood of Grand RaiiicN,
who brought suit in justice court aliout
a year ago against Rolicrt A. Jorgen to
recover for services in drawing plans
and specifications for a building lie pro-
posed to erect. .A judgment of $400 w.is
given Wedgewood. and the case was
appealed to the Circuit Court and tried
before Judge Perkins, who refused to
dismiss the case on the ground tliat
Wedgewood had not complied with the
city ordinance making it obligatory upon
all architects to take out a city license,
making as a penalty the forfeiture of
their fees to tlie person employing tlicm.
The case went to a jury and the decision
of the justice court was affirmed.

An appeal was then taken to the Su-
preme Court. The Supreme Court held
that Judge Perkins erred in refusing to
direct a verdict, reversing the linding.
and dismissed the suit without a retrial.
The court held that the failure of the city
to enforce the ordinance did not invali-
date the law. and that by failure to take
out a license as required Wedgewood
forfeited his right to fees for the labor
he did.

This decision is of far-reaching impor-
tance, as the licensing of architects in
Grand Rapids has never been enforced,
and owners of many of the largest busi-
ness blocks in the city can now bring
suit if they so desire, and under the law
recover the money they paid the archi-
tects for services, on the grounds that
they had failed to take out city licenses.
— Michigan Contractor.



Will Start Work on Seven Residences

C. H. Miller. First Savings Bank
building, Oakland, has drawn plans for
seven frame and plaster residences to be
erected in Stockton at a cost ranging
from $3,(>(KI to $5.0011 each.




THE SPENCER
TURBINE VAC-
UUM CLEANER

SAVES MONEY

Easily installed in old as well
as new buildings — Operates by
Electricity — Twelve sizes rang-
ing from ' . to 40 horse power.

HUGHSON&MERTONCO.

AGENTS

530 Golden Gate Ave.
San Francisco



J<#>F



SAFETY ^"^U^ FIRST
PANEL BOARDS




Thu only logical panel board embodying absolute
SAFETY from shock or accidental contact with
live metal parts and particularly adapted for
apartment houses, school buildings, churches and
department stores.

DRENDELL ELECTRIC. & MFG. CO.



169 ERIE STREET



SAN FRANCISCO




P:omelh,us. the Food and Plate \iarmcr
Electric, aj course

"Resource" — How convenient
at the moment of delay to be able to
conserve those qualities of the meal or
luncheon which make for their success.
Recourse to the Prometheus Food and
Plate Warmer has helped many a hostess
maintain her poise and good nature when
belated guests "keep things waiting" or
unlooked-for-friends drop in. It's a
necessary "part of the house." Let us
tell you why.

M. E. HAMMOND, Paci6c Coast Representative
217 Humboldt Bank Building. San Francisco.

77ie FroEsnetli^eus

nnnnnnnDDDDEi



The Contractor

HIS TROUBLES AND SOME OTHER THINGS



Collecting from Contractors*
liy HOMER CLAY SMITH.

THE task of collecting from contrac-
tors presents some problems a little
diflferent from ordinary commercial lines.

The contracting business as a rule is
recruited from the ranks of engineers,
carpenters, plasterers, masons, ditch dig-
gers and laborers. These men seklcm
have any preliminary training in busi-
ness methods or principles. li ihey
make money in their business they are
apt to direct it into other channe's. Thev
are sensitive and must be li mdled with
gloves. Upon the supply man devolves
the necessity of teaching: tliem proper
methods, and to a considerable extent
tinancing their business. If your bad
debt loss for a period of years should
amount to as much as three-lilths of 1
per cent, you should be interested in
knowing how to reduce this to :ine-rtlth
of 1 per cent, which is fair enoiig-h, cori-
sidering the hazards of contractinjl.

The contractor should be Impressed
first of all to consider his obligations s;.-
cred. If your terms are thirty days he
should learn to pay in thirty days. He
should be taught to use the banks. If
he cannot secure banking accommoda-
tions, he should be made to see the nis-
tice of givin.sj security and payin.jr inter-
est on past due accounts.

.A,s an illustration, to show him the
necessity of your making prompt c lili-c-
tions, say to him:

"Mr. Contractor, T have $50,000 in my
business over my stock,

"I am selling on thirty days' time.

"In one month 1 sell $50,000 v.'orth of
goods.

"My cash has been turned into ac-
counts receivable.

"Tf you take longer time I iiuKt .!.;n
to the bank and borrow.

".Mso 1 must put up security and ] ay
interest.



"If your account must run for a
longer time than thirty days, you should
pay this interest, and. you should give
me security just as the bank requires
me to do.

"My capital is not sufficient and the
profit does not justify my carrying an
account on any other -terms."

Sometimes you will give credit to a
contractor who has neither good morals
nor property, taking the chance of col-
lecting from the owner of the improve-
ment if other means fail. This is dan-
gerous business and such trade sliould
not be cultivated. Competent men of
good character you should encourage
whether they have capital or not. The
little contractor today may be the big
one tomorrow. Establish strong con-
nections. Deny credit to the proven
crook. He will get the best of you in
the end, and it is an injustice to the
upright customer. In the words of
Polonius:

"The friends thou hast, and their adop-
tion tried.
Grapple them to thy soul with hoops
of steel."

Here is given a set of collection let-
ters, the persistent use of which will
keep down the accounts outstanding and
the bad debt loss:

Pear Sir:—
Jim. t Referring to the enclosed statement
l.\. " 1 showing invoice (invoices) dated

.\pril I (dating) amount

You will notice that the account is

.Tuly I now days past due.

{ Your check in payment to reach us
Oct. 1 by the 10th instant would be greatly
appreciated.

Thanking you for your patronage.



De



Feb.



■ill noti.



amount



days



.Mil



for Ma



ment shi

May I (dating)

I The account is
.\ug, { past due.

Would it be possible to let us hav
payment by the 10th?

We thank you in advance for you
kind attention.



It's Tough

and is impervious to acids. F

ilalott $c Prt^rBon, 3inr



IVIastic Flooring will stand up under the most

exceptional conditions. Wears like iron, will not crack

FOR WAREHOUSES, FACTORIES A\D BREWERIES.



Get our Prices and
Specifications.



ROOFING
CONTRACTORS



682 Monadnock Building, San Francisco



Phone Sutter 3161



'I'hc .Irciiiti'ct and liiii^iiu



121



Dec.
Dcnr



Dear Sir: —

Tllf enclosed statcineirt is leferrcd
for^your kind attention.

Vou will notice the account covers
purchase (purchases) (date) ($) and
(part) is now past due.

Remittance to reach us by the lOlh
instant will be highly appreciated.



Ueferring to our letter to you dated

concerning past due account, we regret that
you have not found it convenient to respond.

Would it be possible to let us have check,
please, within the next day or so?

With best wishes, we remain,
Dear Sir:—

In order to meet our obligations ni:ituring
this week it will be necessary that we collect
every account possible whether large or small,
and this is our reason for asking that you be
good enough to let us have check at once for
($) covering (date) invoice (invoices).

Trusting that you will favor us, and as-
suring you of our appreciation, we remain.
Dear Sir:—

On and again we

wrote you reiiuesting payment of past due
account amounting to

If, for any reason, you are not ready to
make payment at the present time, kindly ex-
plain the circumstances and you will find us
reasonable.

Let us hear from you. please, within the
next day or so.



Hear Sir:—

.■\s we have received no reply to <

to you of asking foi

of account, we are at a loss to u
your attitude in this matter.

Our terms are thirty days and
taken



We



prompt



ur letters
payment
ulerstand

run have

ion. Un-



■ must now i:
less check is received by.
shall feel obliged to take
as appear necessary to enf
of our account.

It will he noticed that letters Xos. 1
and 2 are varied so that if you have to
begin a second series in a different
month you will not repeat yourself.
Have a set of these letters mounted on
a card and it will not be necessary to do
anything more than mark "lA" on state-
ment of delinquent and pass over to your
stenographer. Arrange for follow uj) in
one week, or at most ten daye. This
saves dictating. The plan is elastic. Vou
can omit letter No. 1 and start with 2B
if the case is urgent, or you can combine
any original or new matter with the
form letter, at your own pleasure; but 1
consider it inadvisable to incorporate
any selling arguments in a collection
letter.



Try this and see if it doesn't brin({ re-
sults, and without losing any business
or friends. If you can improve on the
form letters submitted, do so, but al-
ways remember "molasses catches more
llies than vinegar."



Getting Contractor and Architect

Together
One of the chief lines of work which
the General lUiilding Contractors' Asso-
ciatioii of the Builders' E.xchange has
been following is the effort to brinj; the
general contractor and the architect into
greater working harmony. At a recent
meeting the contractors adopted a bill
of ten proposals wliich they hope to h;ive
endorsed by the architects. Among these
teii proposals are the adoption of the
uniform contract recommended by the
American Institute of Architects, whicn
pro\ides for classification of subjects m
the si)ecitications, a board of arbitration
ami a number of other features making
the contract, plans and specifications
more detinite and readily understandable.
.\nother proposal is one which has been
di.'.cussed between the contractors and
architects for two or three years; this is
the policy of opening bids in the pres-
ence of tlie bidders. Still another pro-
tests against taking alternat^e proposals
or sub-bids. Other corrective measures
are incorporated in the bill, which is
broad in scope and covers the vital fea-
tures of relationship between architect
and general contractor. — Southwest Con-
tractor, Los .-Vngeles.



San Francisco Should Have a Building
Material Dealers' Association.

.\t a recent meeting of the Building
Material l)e:ilers' .\ssociation of Los .-Xn-
geles Mr, b". C. Price, formerly of
Waterhouse & Price, but now coast rep-
resentative of the General Fireprooting
Company of Ohio, made a short talk on
building material credit conditions in
San Francisco, where he makes his
headquarters. His hearers were aston-
ished to learn that S.in l-'rancisco has no
building material dealers' association for
tin- iirntcctidii cif credits.



DO YOU USE ANY HIGH GRADE

CABINET or HARDWOODS?

WE MAKE A SPECIALTY OF THEM

PRIMAVERA, MAHOGANY, KOA, JENI.SERO, OAK, A.SH, ETC.

DIECKMANN HARDWOOD CO.

Beach and Taylor Streets, SAN FRANCISCO



122



The Architect and Engineer



ROBERT W HUNT



JNO. J. CONE



JAS. C. HALLSTED



D. W. UCNAUGHER



ROBERT W. HUNT & CO., Engineers

BUREAU OF INSPECTION TESTS AND CONSULTATION

251 KEARNY ST., SAN FRANCISCO



Mexico City



CEMENT INSPECTION

INSPECTION OF STRUCTURAL AND REINFORCING STEEL

REPORTS AND ESTIMATES ON PROPERTIES AND PROCESSES

CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL TESTING LABORATORIES



Building and Industrial
Notes



I'rancisco by J. H. Hansen & Co.. Balboa
l)uilding.



New Catalogue of Austin Mixers

The Municipal Engineering and Con-
tracting Company of Chicago has re-
cently published an attractive catalogue
of Austin Cube Concrete Mixers, show-
ing full page halftone plates of the va-
rious models manufactured, with de-
scription of each, details as to capacity
and cost of operation, method of oper-
ation, etc. Among the notable jobs per-
formed with the aid of .Austin Cube Mix-
ers was the Detroit river tunnel, upon
which fourteen Austin mixers were sub-
stituted for various other types that
failed to give satisfaction. In construct-
ing the Panama Canal over 100 mixers
of the .Austin type were used, ranging
in size from two cubic yards to one-
tl'.ird cubic yard. During the year end-
ing June 30, 1912. these machines mixed
a total of 1.209.506 cubic yards of con-
crete. The actual working time of these
mixers was 24.946 hours or 3.118 eight-
hour shifts. Therefore, each mixer
mixed per hour worked, an average for
all sizes, of 48!^ cubic yards, or one
cubic yard everj' 75 seconds.

Austin iTiixers arc handled in San



War Prices of Building Materials

Some idea ol how the European w'ar
has caused prices to jump in various
products having more or less to do with
building construction may be gained
from a few examples; Graphite. 133 per
cent; sheet iron. 69 per cent; pig lead, 42
per cent; sheet lead. 61 per cent; bridge
and building lumber. 30 per cent; lum-
ber stringers, 50 per cent; ferro man-
ganese, 488 per cent; nails. 50 per cent;
lead pipe. 65 per cent; soil pipe, 112 per
cent; pipe covering, 27 per cent; rivets,
67 per cent; cold drawn steel, 92 per
cent; soft steel, 97 per cent; tank steel,
94 per cent, and high-speed tool steel,
420 per cent. Turpentine has jumped 23
per cent; tin. 19 per cent; ties (f. o. b.
Oregon), 15 per cent; brass tubing, 100
per cent; copper tubing, 69 per cent;
valve brass, 59 per cent; brass wire, 175
per cent; copper wire, 69 per cent.



To Build Big Paper Mill

The Van Sant- Houghton Company,
Hooker & Lent building. San Francisco,
have the contract to erect a big paper
mill at Ocean Falls, Canada, for the
Pacific Paper Mills, a branch of the
Crown Willamette Paper Company of
Portland. Ore. Construction will be
of reinforced concrete.




THEBIG-AN-LimECONCRETE and MORTAR MIXER



Big Output — Little Weijjht
Bilff Profits— Little Cost
Capacity 3B Cu. Vds. a Day



All rounded surfaces — no comers for concrete to lodge in.

Revolves on ball thrust bearing, hermetically sealed to
prevent grit from working in.

Equipped with levers for turning over and locking device
to hold drum in place while mixing.

EDWARD R. BACON COMPANY

Pacific Coast .Agents
51-53 Minna St., San Francisco Tel. Sutter 1675



writinff to Advertisers please mention this magaz



Tlic .Ire hi tec t and Eiigincir



123



MODERN

PLUMBING

FIXTURES



Haines. Jones & Cadbury Co.

II30-II44 Ridge Avenue. Pmiladelpmia

San Francisco Office and Showroom
857 Folsom Street



Buttonlath in San Francisco

Air. F. L. Riordan is now in charge
of the San Francisco sales end of But-
tonlath. manufactured by the Pioneer
Paper Company of Los Angeles.

Mr. Riordan comes from the South-
ern California city, where he held a sim-
ilar position for more than a year and
succeeded in selling Buttonlath on build-
ings whose total cost ran into tlie mil-
lions. The material has proven its
worth in Southern California without a
doubt. In San Francisco the architects
are beginning to appreciate its lire re-
sistant qualities and its tendency to
strengthen and improve all types of
building construction.

In the recent campaign waged by the
metal lath interests against Buttonlath.
it is a significant fact that in searching
for damaging evidence the opposition
was unable to secure a single letter or
statement from an architect or builder
who had any fault to find with their ex-
perience with Buttonlath. That fact
alone, it is said, should be sufficient ar-
gument to instill every confidence in the
material.

Mr. Riordan has his offices in the
Hearst building and will be glad to give
architects and others interested the
benefit of his long experience and thor-
ough knowledge of the material.



New Steel and Iron Works

A new company whose officers are
well known in San Francisco building
circles has recently been incorporated as
the Sims, Gray and Sauter Iron Works,
156 Main street, San Francisco. Mr.
Sims, senior member of the firm, was
connected with the Western Iron Works
for nearly a quarter century. Mr. Gray
is an experienced steel man, well known
in San l-Vancisco and the bay cities,
while Mr. Sauter was for years estimator
and engineer for the Judson Manufac-
turing Company. If thorough knowledge
of the steel and iron game counts for
anything, this new firm should have no



difficulty in getting its sliare ol the
business. In addition to taking con-
tracts on structural work, the com-
pany will make iron stairs and window
guards, post caps and bases, auto truck
frames, fire escapes, etc. The shop is
now running on full capacity filling a
numl)er of splendid orders.



Granite Company Expands

The McGilvray Raymond Granite
Company has established an office and
yard in Los .\ngclcs, and will handle
granite from their Raymond quarry and
cutting yard, and sandstone from their
quarry and yard at Colusa.

This company furnished the sandstone
for the Wilcox building. Second and
Spring streets, Los .Angeles. The work
of this firm has largely been in the
vicinity of San Francisco, their latest
job being the new granite city liall, cost-
ing for the stone alone over $1,5()0,CKX),
the largest granite contract ever let in
this State. They are now furnishing the
granite for the new public liljrary, San
Francisco. They also did tlie granite
work of the Custom House, Union Trust
building, the Colusa stone work of the
Flood building, and many other build-
ings in San Francisco.

The McGilvray Company's new Los
Angeles yard is located at Santa l"e
avenue and Seventh street and is in
charge of Walter C. McGilvray.



Announcement

Tlie Kohler Co.. Kohkr, Wis., manu-
facturers of enameled ))lumbing ware,
has opened new sales offices in the fol-
lowing cities: St. Paul. 725-726 Mer-
chants National Bank building, Chas. .\.
McKenzie, manager; Detroit, 1148-1152
David Whitney building. Bart Downey,
manager; Seattle. ,308-.SW Pantages
building, W. H. Lambert, manager.

In addition to these, the company now
has offices in Boston, New York, Phila-
delphia, Pittsburgh, .\tlanta, San I'Van-
cisco, Chicago and London.




JoHissoiN Service Co.

The Johnson System of Temperature Regulation
"SERVICE— Is Our Middle Name"

629 LUMBEBMAN'S BLOG.
PORTL«NO, Oregon

600 CITIZENS BANK BLDG . Los Anceles. C«l.

149 FIFTH ST., SAN FRANCISCO. CAL.




When writing to Advertisers please mentic



Online LibraryThomas Babington Macaulay MacaulayThe Architect & engineer of California and the Pacific Coast (Volume v.44-45 (Jan.-June 1916)) → online text (page 56 of 58)