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use it against us, — I mean me, — for this war Is
necessarily a war aflPecting the future more than the
present, and the future is my job. God knows I
don't want to be Kaiser. I would far rather be sim-
ply an irresponsible younger son. But I feel the
pride of my race In my veins and will not follow the
example of those mad Bavarians and Austrlans.
Hohenzollem to the bone, what I am born to do I
will do, and do to the full.

Kaiserin {gives him her hand, which he kisses)

But you are mistaken, darling, in fancying I have
any influence over your father.



The Sands of Fate 15



Crown Prince

Oh, you only have to flatter him a bit. I never
saw anybody more easily led by flattery than good
old father. He is really a good sort, but these are no
times for mere talk. Germany can only continue to
live among her ravenous neighbours by daunting
them as a lion-tamer daunts his lions, by lashing
them, by firing at them, by killing them, if need be.
Au revoir, dear mother. Don't tell father I have seen
you. Nobody knows but Emma. [Exit

[The Kaiserin settles down to her knitting,
takes a pocket-handkerchief out of her satchel,
and bends over it on to her work-table.

Enter Grafin Emma, who makes a little noise

purposely.

Kaiserin {starting)

Oh ! Emma, what a start you gave me ! I wish you
would come in without making such a noise.

Grafin Emma
I will do my best, Your Majesty.

Kaiserin
Emma, have you heard this terrible news?

Grafin Emma
What news, Ma'am t

Kaiserin
Why, about the war.



1 6 The Sands of Fate [i-



Grafin Emma
Yes, Ma'am, vaguely.

Kaiserin
Why did you not tell me?

Grafin Emma
I thought Your Majesty knew.

Kaiserin
Knew what?

Grafin Emma
That war is imminent.

Kaiserin

But I know nothing, dear Emma. His Majesty
keeps everything to himself. He never tells me any-
thing. It is terrible, Emma. What does anybody
want war for?

Grafin Emma

They say It's a preventive war. I don't know
exactly what's meant by a preventive war. I sup-
pose a sort of smaller war to prevent a greater one.

Kaiserin

That's like inoculation, Emma. The doctors give
you a light attack of smallpox to prevent you getting
a worse one.

Grafin Emma
Perhaps that's what is meant.



I.] The Sands of Fate 17

Kaiserin
Nonsense!

Grafin" Emma
Your Majesty knows better than I do. '

Kaiserin

They might just as well put up persons to commit
small crimes to prevent greater crimes. It's utterly
silly. I hope you don't listen to such stuff, Emma,
and much less repeat it. Who told you^

Grafin Emma
It's common talk since the ultimatum to Serbia.

Kaiserin
What has the Serbian affair to do with Germany?

Grafin Emma

They say the Serbian affair is the mere pretext,
and it's a godsend which enables us to bring on the
war at once.

Kaiserin
But what war, Emma.?

Grafin Emma

I hope Your Majesty will forgive my not being
able to give her a very clear account of the matter.
England, France, and Russia have entered into a
treaty to deliver an ultimatum to Germany.



1 8 The Sands of Fate [i.

Kaiserin
How do you know, Emma?

Grafin Emma

I don't know, Your Majesty. I am only saying
what I hear.

Kaiserin
But where did you hear It?

Grafin Emma
It is the common talk at Court.

Kaiserin

Do you mean the Secretaries, and A.D.C.'s and

Ladies?

Grafin Emma
Yes, Ma'am, and officials and nearly everybody.

Kaiserin

And I know nothing about It! Well, go on, Emma,
about this ultimatum.

Grafin Emma

The ultimatum is to be about armaments. They
will call upon Germany to accept a discussion on the
reduction of armaments ...

Kaiserin
What impudence!



I.] The Sands of Fate 19

Grafin Emma

And, if Germany refuses, will present a scheme for
their reduction. If she refuses to accept it, then war.

Kaiserin
It's too absurd, Emma. And who told you this.?

Grafin Emma
It's common talk. Ma'am.

Kaiserin
Do they say who is at the back of this ^

Grafin Emma

Yes, England — that is. Sir Edward Grey. And
America and Italy are expected to join them.

Kaiserin

Ridiculous. And people believe it's true! Do you
believe it.f*

Grafin Emma
Yes, Ma'am.

Kaiserin
Why, Emma ^

Grafin Emma

I hope Your Majesty will pardon my expressing
an opinion of my own, but as Your Majesty requests
me . . .



20 The Sands of Fate [i.

Kaiserin

Yes, Emma. I ask you to tell me frankly what
you think.

Grafin Emma

I think it true, because it seems very probable
that if one country gets very powerful and makes
other countries spend more money than they can
afford, they should combine against it.

Kaiserin

But Germany threatens nobody, and His Majesty
is a man of peace.

Grafin Emma

But His Majesty won't listen to dictation, and,
least of all, about the army and navy.

Kaiserin

Of course not, Emma. But why is England doing
this?

Grafin Ejvima

England, they say, is in such terror about our
splendid navy that many people have actually
gone mad and write quite insane things in the news-
papers about it.

Kaiserin
What are they afraid oit

Grafin Emma '

That we should attack them, destroy their navy,
I suppose.



I.] The Sands of Fate 21

Kaiserin"
Well, now about the supposed-to-be-coming war.

Grafin Emma
We are not going to wait till they're ready.

Kaiserin

So that's what they mean by a preventive war.
Emma, it's very dreadful.

Enter Lady-in-Waiting

Lady {handing a large envelope)

His Majesty has sent a special despatch to you,
Ma'am. Herr von Etting sends it to Your Majesty
with his profound respect.

ICaiserin

Thank you. {Exit Lady.) {Opening despatch and
reading.) His Majesty has left Norway and will be
here to-morrow. Emma, you must be right. He
would never have come back after just arriving, if
there had not been something terrible to bring him
back. Don't mention to anybody that His Imperial
Highness has been here. His Majesty might put a
wrong construction on his visit, just at this time.
{Stands up.) I am getting too fat, Emma. When
His Majesty is away, I don't take enough exercise.
Come and take a look at the roses. Nature is so
beautiful just now and bids us all to tenderness and
love. [Speaking as they disappear into a verandah.

curtain



ACT II

SCENE I
JULY 27

The Kaiser's working study in the Neues-Palais at
Potsdam. Pictures of Emperors William the First and
Frederick, the Empress Frederick, Queen Victoria, etc.,
and photographs scattered over the desk and gueridons.
Desk and furniture Louis the Fifteenth. Telephone,
panel of call-buttons.

Doors are flung open and Voisr Etting, a young and
elegantly cladman, enters hurriedly with a despatch-box,
and places it on the desk, looks at the quills and ink,
tries a quill, and takes a general survey.

Telephone rings. Von Etting sits down at the desk
and puts the receiver to his ear.

Von Etting

No, not yet, Highness. Yes, Highness, certainly.
{Pause) But we have had no communication yet.
I will ring him up and let you know at once.

[Replaces receiver and presses a button. Ring.

Takes up receiver again.

Excellency von Etting speaking. {Pause) His

Imperial Highness the Crown Prince wishes to know

at once if you have news of His Majesty's train.

Passed Stendhal t Many thanks.

[In frantic haste, presses another button, and
puts receiver to his ear.
Yes! Von Etting speaking. His Majesty's train



II.] The Sands of Fate 23

has passed Stendhal. Passed full steam up. Yes,
Highness; yes, Highness; yes, Highness. Round-
about way, but it 's easier to clear the line.

[Pause and a laugh, puts down receiver.
Presses button, takes it up again.
His Majesty has passed Stendhal. (Pause) Yes.
(Receiver is replaced.)

[A low horn is heard sounded from different
sides, tramp of soldiers and lowering of
arms, short beating of a drum outside. Door
flung open. Two A.D.C.^s enter, and salute
Von Etting and shake hands. All three look
grave and concerned.

First A.D.C.
Looks serious this time, eh ?

VoN Etting
Very.

Second A.D.C.
High time it did.

First A.D.C.
A beastly nuisance, all the same.

Second A.D.C.
Trenches instead of wenches.

First A.D.C.

Oh, shut up! There'll be no trenches, no time to
make 'em. We shall just dash through everything.
It will all be over in a month.



24 The Sands of Fate [n.

Second A.D.C.

No, my son, you err like every swain on the brink
of matrimony. There will be no war or a long 'un.
Is it war, Etting?

[VoN Etting, sitting on edge of desk gives an
affirmative nod.

First A.D.C.

We could have been told that just as well at
Berlin, instead of making us come down to this hole.

I hate Potsdam.

Second A.D.C.

I sympathise with you, my son.

[First A.D.C. shakes his head knowingly to
VoN Etting. Gives a shrug to signify aban-
donment of all hope to make Second A.D.C.
take things seriously.

VoN Etting
You fellows had better be off.

Both:
There's plenty of time.

First A.D.C.

I say, Etting, why is he coming here instead of
going to Berlin?

VoN Etting
I don't know.



II.] The Sands of Fate 25

First A.D.C.
It's odd all the same.

Von Etting

Off you go. The Admirars announced.

Enter Admiral von Tirpitz and the Professor

[A.D.C.'s salute — exeunt.

Von Etting

His Majesty has passed Stendhal. He will not be
here for a few minutes anyhow, if you care to sit
here. ' [Exit.

Von Tirpitz

I understand perfectly, Professor, but His Ma-
jesty knows nothing about history, and like all men
of action thinks he makes it. It only irritates him to
hear history spoken of as if his actions were de-
termined for him by circumstances over which he
has no control.

Professor

To say that anything which happens is any Indi-
vidual's fault is mere pedantry, so far as history is
concerned.

Von Tirpitz

You must admit that the Russian mobilisation
was ordered by somebody.'*

Professor

I admit it was ordered by somebody, but why was
it ordered by somebody?



26 The Sands of Fate [n.

Von Tirpitz

I suppose in Russia nobody knows who orders
anything.

Professor

That's true. In the Russo-Japanese War, nobody
has yet been found to bear the blame for an order of
the Czar, countersigned by his Minister of Foreign
Affairs and accepting the Japanese conditions, never
having reached its destination. [Pause.

VoN Tirpitz

We can't go on eternally living on the brink of
a volcano as we have been doing for a quarter of a
century.

Professor

Yet for countless ages the Campanlan peasants
grew their vineyards to the very top of Mount Vesu-
vius, though the top was a flat surface on which
nothing would grow, and all the time the population
was warned of its danger by rumblings and growlings
within the volcanic cone.

VoN Tirpitz

A clever German engineer, I suppose, would have
canalised its forces.

Professor

Yes, and burst the cone, and that's just what our
clever political engineers are doing now.

Von Tirpitz
Well, we don't know the result yet.



II.] The Sands of Fate 27

Professor

Nor do we know whether clever Roman engineers
were not responsible for bursting the cone in a.d. 79.

VoN TiRPITZ

It had to come, Professor.

Professor

Everything that has happened in history has had
to come. Nations have lives of diiferent lengths
like individuals. All may have their day, with
patience and perseverance. To force the pace is
pure and simple speculation. And a war between
the Entente and the Alliance Powers is staking all
upon a single card.

VON" TiRPITZ

England won't budge. If you had been at Kiel
and heard the friendly speeches of the naval com-
manders a fortnight ago, you would have been
satisfied that England had given up her distrust of
our navy. She did not at first realise that her com-
mand of the sea could be disputed. She is yielding
to facts as she always does. That's what we lack,
Professor. Our progress and prosperity, instead of
curing us of dreaming, has only confirmed us in the
habit. I have sent all my children to England to
learn to see facts and face them instead of dream-
ing about them.

Professor
The German people are patriotic and genuinely



28 The Sands of Fate [n.

ready for all sacrifices for the welfare of the nation,
but they still lack the sense of national responsi-
bility.

Von* Tirpitz

That's it. In other words, we have not yet had
time to digest the empire. German pride of Ger-
many is merely skin-deep. When every German
feels the empire belongs to him and that he is per-
sonally responsible for its acts and being {We sen),
then facts will have their full significance for him.

Professor

War will only awaken that sense of responsi-
bility if Germany is defeated. Victory will merely
confirm the German in his trust in authority and
dreams.

Von Tirpitz

Some years ago I thought we might borrow from
England some sort of Ministerial responsibility,
and got our Naval Attache there at the time to
send me over a report on the connexion of Parlia-
ment with the Admiralty, but I found it was just
this department that is most independent of Parlia-
ment.

Professor

Foreign affairs, too.

Von Tirpitz

When you think of It, that is strange for a free
country. But in the case of the Admiralty the sys-



II.] The Sands of Fate 29

tern is entirely bureaucratic. So there was nothing
to borrow for my department.

Professor

And as regards foreign affairs we have gone far-
ther than England in the democratisation of the
service already.

Von Tirpitz

Well, I took the liberty of suggesting to His
Majesty that a trial might be made with the new
department of the colonies, and it was tried, but
the worst of a bureaucracy is that its very efficiency
blocks reform.

Enter Ballin

Ballin

How are you. Admiral? {Shaking hands) And
you, my dear Professor? {Shaking hands.)

Professor
So, so! Ballin.

Ballin
This Is damnation work.

Professor
It could n't be helped.

Ballin

Could n't be helped ? Do you know it spells
ruin for the whole of North Germany?



30 The Sands of Fate [n.

Professor

Many things that could n't be helped have spelt
ruin to nations before this.

Ballin

Well?

Professor

Governments get credit for a great deal more
power than they possess. Even our dear Kaiser
has only the power over the rudder which the ma-
chinery gives him. The slightest derangement of
the machinery and it won't work. The Czar is the
mere rudder himself, with a Court rabble squab-
bling at the helm.

Ballin
And Divine right?

Professor

A shibboleth and a very good one with an unde- |
veloped agricultural population, like the East Prus-
sians.

Ballin {impatiently)

If the Government is not to blame, who is? The
Kaiser himself?

Professor
No, neither the Kaiser nor his Government.

Ballin

The army?



II.] The Sands of Fate 3^

Professor

The army has no power in the matter at all. . . .
{A pause.) It is the German people itself.

Ballin

Then it's the accursed teaching in your universi-
ties is to blame, your schools ...

Professor

Not to blame, but one of the causes, among which
are your accursed business methods.

Ballin

There you are right, Professor. The curse of Ger-
man business is ruthlessness. I admit it because I
have to fight it every day of my life. {Angrily)
Every other business German is a bandit who . . .

[Talking,

Professor

All pioneers are more or less bandits, and German
business is still in a pioneer stage. The English who
founded their Colonial Empire were all bandits.
The founders of Rome were bandits. Even in mod-
ern Europe, what was Napoleon but a bandit with
instincts of the worst type of banditism.^^ What
was the French Revolution but a successful banditti
raid ?

Ballin

Yes, I suppose you are right, and that is why
German business is so unpopular. Of course, there
is. jealousy. ^

* The speaker, of course, refers to Napoleon's Corsican origin.



32 The Sands of Fate [n.

Professor
Rather.

Ballin
Even Professors suffer from that little failing.

Professor
Who does not?

Ballin
Even statesmen.

Professor
Even kings!

Ballin
Even emperors!

Professor
Even whole peoples.

Von Tirpitz (wAo has been listening with an amused

look)

I must go to the station to meet His Majesty.
Au revoir. [Exit.

Ballin

I noticed that in America. In fact, I . . .

Professor

You need not cross the Atlantic to see national
jealousy. The whole English people, from the rab-
ble in the streets to the most learned and cultivated
class, are brazenly jealous of Germany.



II.] The Sands of Fate 33

Ballin

I can't say I have noticed it among the English I
have had to deal with in business. Big concerns can
emulate each other without being jealous..

Professor

Yes, it is just like class diseases. The same thing
works out in the high-liver as gout, in the underfed
as rheumatism. Among your upper commercial
classes you call it emulation — among us, the rabble,
the commoner term for it is jealousy.

Ballin
Oh! Professor — rabble! [Laughs.

Professor

Yes, we live with the rabble, among the rab-
ble. ...

Ballin
And teach the rabble.

Professor
No doubt.

Ballin

And if the rabble thinks wrongly, it is due to your
wrong teaching.

Professor
I don't say no.



34 The Sands of Fate [n.

Ballin

Then if this accursed war is due to a state of the
pubHc mind, the original cause is your teaching.

Professor
My dear wife 's English.

Ballin

That accounts . . .

Professor

It accounts for nothing, except perhaps a better
insight into English character and a greater appreci-
ation of its defects. I do not like the English. They
are superficial, supercilious, mentally slipshod.

Ballin

Do you know, Professor, I have often thought
we Germans suffer from too much brains.

Professor

Still, we are not psychologists, Ballin. Men of
science never are. All the jokes regarding want
of knowledge of human character are about men
of science.

Ballin {laughing)
And Herren Professors ! '

Professor

Yes. you are right. All the befooling stories are
about absent-minded professors. But what I mean



II.]



The Sands of Fate 35

is that the concentration of our attention on the
physical side of Ufe in education and in practice has
atrophied our power to perceive the influence of
human character in connexion with facts.

Ballin
You mean . . .

Professor

I mean, for instance, that a man like Lichnow-
sky, though he is not a man of science but is the
type of our intellectual product, is devoid of the
faculty of presenting his facts with the subtleties
that give them their value at any given moment.

Ballin
I am sorry, Professor. I still don't see your point.

Professor

Well, I '11 put it another way. Mathematics are
pure reason. There is no human soul in mathe-
matics at all. Two and tw^o can never make any-
thing but four. The fact is final. It is the same with
the most intricate of calculations. Well, we Ger-
mans have a tendency to regard all facts more or
less as mathematical expressions. Lichnowsky, for
instance, re'ports a fact. He does n't realise that
that fact is like a stone in the wilderness, that it is
grown over with all kinds of moss and lichen, and
that it is a swarming township of insects and mi-
crobes and what not. Like the specialist that he
is, and we are taught to be, he wipes all this super-



36 The Sands of Fate [n.

growth off his fact to get it clean and clear. But
that is just the thing he ought not to do. In the
political and social life of peoples it is just the co-
incidence of these parasitical growths that deter-
mines action.

Ballin

That's what you mean when you say we are not
psychologists.

Professor

And that accounts for the errors and misjudg-
ments of our diplomatists and politicians.

Ballin

It is a delicate question, Professor, but I suppose
you except His Majesty.f"

Professor

Yes, he is the genuine dilettante and, strange
as it seems to our native Kultur, practically all the
greatest progress of art and science has been due to
dilettantes.

Ballin

It is most interesting. Professor, you are the
most interesting man I have ever met. No wonder
the Kaiser loves you. (Pause.) Now, what do you
think of English "Kultur"?

Professor

I should ask you that and, in fact, I should like
to know.



11.] The Sands of Fate 37

Ballin
God, I only wish we had more of It !

Professor

Is that your serious opinion ? Yet it is frightfully
unsympathetic. The English are not naturally a
kind-hearted people.

Ballin

That's where Germans go wrong, I have had a
great deal to do with the English and have always
found them the most honourable, most generous,
and least gullible people in the world. I hate gulli-
ble people, Professor. In business they cause more
mischief than thieves. They are such a tempta-
tion. . . .

Professor

Well done, Ballin ! That 's splendid ! {Laughing.)
Tempt you from the path of righteousness ?

Ballin {a little testily)

I am not speaking of myself. ... I mean a temp-
tation to the fools and knaves who take advantage
of them. The English, my dear Professor, are only
at the beginning of a great career. We have shot
ahead of them for the time being, but, if you went
to Canada, you would see things to astonish you.
There is a country which is a continent in itself.
In a hundred years it will be the centre of the Brit-
ish race. England may dwindle into insignificance
alongside it, but what does that matter.'* It will



38 The Sands of Fate [n.

always remain the "home" of the Anglo-Saxon.
They are the greatest people in the world. We are
not a match for them yet, Professor.

Professor
Yet Rome was the greatest people in the world.

Ballin
How long?

Professor
Some seven hundred years. [Laughing.

Ballin
That'll outlive you and me anyhow!

Professor

The English at any rate, meanwhile, have an
advantage over us in their intellectual shortage.
Development is more natural and easy when it is
not complicated by brains.

Ballin (with a look of illumination)

Is that why the English prefer to promote infe-
rior men to their higher posts?

Professor
And we?

Ballin
B. . .

Professor

No names, please.



II



.] The Sands of Fate 39



Ballin
Do you consider Levy clever?

Professor ,
I don't know him.

Ballin

Odd, Is n't It, to place the grandson of a Frankfort
Jew in a post like that?

[The Professor looks surprised.

Oh! I have no Illusions about the Jews. Besides,
I am half Polish. Our name was originally Balinsky,
just as Radolln's was Radollnsky.

Professor (reflectively)

It's curious what a number of clever men Poland
has supplied to the Empire. (Ballin salutes.) We
ought to annex Poland as an intellectual investment.

Ballin

Like the Baltic provinces to Russia. (Professor
salutes.) We ought to annex them too.

Professor

I think we've caught the contagion, too, Ballin.
The fact Is we have been playing with the fire too
long, and you can't play with the fire without risk.
Germany has been goaded into the Idea that all her
neighbours are jealous of her and that they are all
conspiring against her and are watching for the
moment of her weakness to fall upon and destroy
her. It is not true, but It was necessary as a factor



40 The Sands of Fate [n.

in constructive German policy. It was only by per-
suading the Germans that war against them by
jealous neighbours was imminent that they could be
roused to the necessary sacrifices. It has given us an
army, a navy, and at the same time patriotism; and
without patriotism a nation is without backbone.
But it has created a vast national error. We have
taught them to obey and to believe, and obediently
they have believed what they had to be told, and
now we have to pay for the deception practised on
them.

Enter Von Etting hurriedly.

Von Etting

Gentlemen, I must ask you to retire Into the
next room. His Imperial Highness is coming up.
[Exeunt Ballin and the Professor.

Enter the Crown Prince hurriedly.

Crown Prince
What did His Majesty say.?

VoN Etting
Gave no explanation.

Crown Prince {lighting a cigarette)

I wonder if he has sent for the Chancellor.

[VoN Etting lifts the receiver.

Crown Prince {stops him)
No, don't ask. Any news of Uncle Henry?



II.] The Sands of Fate 41

Von Etting
Yes, a telegram to His Majesty.

Crown Prince

One of the peacemakers! I wonder he does n't
become an Englishman like Battenberg. All that
slobber at Kiel last month made me sick. It had to
come, Etting, and if it does not come off now, God
help us ! Bethmann 's another of the peace gang.
Jagow, Zimmerman, Stumm, all of 'em "Little
Germans." I 'm glad I got Bernstorff packed off to
Washington. He's another.

VoN Etting


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