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size of the first; joints three to ten form a large compact strongly
dentate (inwardly) club, of which the last is the shortest ; they are
pilose. Palpi short and stout, their penultimate joint obconical, the
last larger, sub-ovate, obliquely produced to an obtuse point. Mandibles
bifid at apex. Mentum angularly excised in front. Labrum transverse,
truncate at apex. Head retractile ; eyes small, convex, very coarsely
facetted. Prothorax almost conical, broader than long, deeply furrowed
near the sides above and below. Scutellum transverse, rounded laterally.
Elytra elongate-ovate.

Prosternal process longitudinally excavated, received into the cavity
of the mesosternum, porrected ; the latter deeply concave between the
middle coxae, and rather short ; metasternum rather short. Legs short
and stout; the femora dilated but narrowed towards their extremity,
deeply hollowed below for the reception of the tibiae ; these latter
arcuated externally, distended, and somewhat compressed, and grooved
along their outer face for the tarsi; tarsi thick, their terminal joint
nearly as long as the preceding four united.

Abdomen with five segments, the first largest, the fifth conical, with a
considerable depression at its base. Front and middle coxa moderately
distant, posterior still more so.

440. P. agrestis, n.s. Body oblong, moderately convex, moderate-
ly shining, piceous, reddish near the shoulders, legs and antennae red ;
it is thinly clad with fine long erect testaceous hairs.

Head distinctly punctured, with two smooth elevated spots in front
of the eyes. Prothorax broader than long, narrowed anteriorly, very
little rounded laterally, with prominent hind angles ; the base is sub-
truncate, the disc convex, and its whole surface is coarsely punctured,
with a deep longitudinal groove situated at some distance from the side
margin. Elytra but little wider than thorax, widest behind the middle,
not much rounded at the sides, and a little produced behind ; they are
striate, the striae are not perceptibly punctured, deeply impressed at the
base, nearly obsolete on the middle, and their interstices are so punctu-
lated as to give them a somewhat rugulose appearance. The tibia and
tarsi bear fine yellowish hairs.

Under-surface punctulate, pitchy-brown, and clothed with short
yellowish hairs.

Length, -X lines ; breadth, I

Of this curious insect I found one individual under a log at Tairua.
The parts of the mouth could not be examined in as satisfactory a
manner as I could have wished, owing to the immersion of the head

H ii



250 COLEOPTERA

and the difficulty of setting out the insect without breaking it, one
antenna, indeed. I was compelled to break off so that it might be
examined, the other is entirely concealed in its fossa.

FAMILY PECTINICORNES.

Mentum large, corneous, nearly always entire. Ligula without para-
glossae, often situated at the internal face of the chin. Maxilla bilobed ;
the inner lobe frequently, the external very rarely, horn-like. Mandibles
generally differing in the two sexes, often greatly developed in the males.
Labrum ordinarily soldered to the epistome. Antenna ten-jointed,
geniculated, their three or seven terminal joints pectinate and rigid.
Elytra completely covering the abdomen. Coxa transversal ; the inter-
mediate occasionally sub-globose. Tarsi pentamerous, simple ; their
claws also simple, with an appendage terminated by two bristles between
them. Abdomen composed of five sub-equal segments. Metathoracic
parapleura simple.

Group LUGANID^.

Ligula membraneous or coriaceous, ciliated, nearly always placed at
the internal face of the mentum. Chin entire. Labial palpi inserted
near the base and sides of the tongue ; their supports free. Mandibles
destitute of molar teeth at their base, differing according to sex, usually
very large among the males. External lobe of the maxillae, penicillate.
Labrum nearly always soldered to the clypeus. Scutellum normal.
Intermediate coxae transversal.

NOTE. Some New Zealand species exhibit a peculiar structure of
the antennae, their club being quite mobile, very distinct from the rigid
pectinate form which obtains in the typical genera of the family, and
closely resembling that of the Melolonthida.

Dendroblax.

White; Voy. Er. Terrains.) p. 9.

Head narrow, narrowest behind, in front widened and truncated ;
mandibles viewed from above somewhat ovate and bent at the end,
hollowed, on the outside somewhat angled at the end ; eyes very large,
well seen from above ; antenna longish, ten-jointed, basal joint nearly
as long as the other joints taken together, the joints from the second to
the sixth short and roundish, somewhat angular about the middle, the
last three joints forming a roundish head, the last rather the largest ;
thorax not so wide as elytra, with the sides in front rounded, in the
middle considerably notched for the reception of the head, side angled
in the middle, behind rather straight, middle slightly convex; elytra
very wide, edge slightly margined ; legs with the anterior tibia wide and
strongly toothed on the outside of hind pair, much thickened at the end
and hollowed out where the tarsi are inserted, two long lobes on the
inside ; tarsi slender.

This genus comes near Lamprima and Rhyssonotus.



OF NEW ZEALAND. 251

441. D. earlii, White; Voy. Er. Terr., Ins., p. 10. Deep blackish-
brown ; head, thorax and elytra deeply punctured ; head above, thorax
above, in front and behind with ferruginous silky hairs ; scutellum with
ferruginous hairs ; elytra with four longitudinal flattish ridges, the outer
obsolete ; under side of thorax and legs with many ferruginous srlky
hairs.

Length, 9^ to 12^ lines.
On the Hutt river, Port Nicholson.

NOTE. I found one specimen at Tairua; it is nine lines long, and
the costse are quite indistinct.

Dorcus.

MacLeay.

Mentum transversal, trapezoidal or semi-circular, concealing the
tongue. Head sub-quadrate ; mandibles at least as long as the head ;
eyes seldom divided ; palpi sub-filiform, the third joint of the labial about
equal to the first, the second of the maxillary much longer than the
fourth. Antennce ten-jointed, the basal joint as long as or longer than the
stalk, club three-jointed. Prothorax transversal, obtusely lobed in front,
bisinuated at base. Scutellum sub-triangular. Elytra oblong, and like
the thorax, slightly convex. Front legs not much if at all longer than
the others ; anterior tibice with several teeth, the others with one or
more. Projecting prosternal process variable, as well as the mesosternum.

NOTE. Epitomized from the descriptions of Lucanus and Dorcus^
Lacord. Hist, des Ins. Coleop., Tom. iii., pp. 22, 27.

442. D. SQUamidorsis, White; Voy. Er. Terr., Ins., p. 9. Black;
a lunated spot midway between the eyes and another on the side of and
behind the eyes, with deep punctures and some yellowish scales in
them ; thorax with lateral and posterior margins and the side of anterior
margin with impressed punctures and yellowish scales in them, and four
spots on the back, the posterior running into the hind margin; the
elytra with a widish band round each, formed by deep punctures and
scales in them, and four large spots similarly impressed filling up most
of the surface of the elytra ; scutellum with a smooth edge behind ;
anterior tibice with four widish teeth on the edge, the edge itself
impressed.

Length, 7-7 \ lines.
Port Nicholson.

I have a specimen from Mr. John Buchanan, of the Colonial
Museum at Wellington ; it is a distinct form.

443. D. punctulatUS, Wliite; Voy. Er. Terr., Ins., p. 9. Covered
over above with minute punctures; elytra with four indistinct longitu-
dinal lines, with fewer punctures on them, scutellum punctured ; anterior

femora with six teeth on the outside.
Length, 6-7 lines.
Wellington.



252 COLEOPTERA

444- D. planus, n.s. Oblong, rather broad, slightly convex, rufo-
piceous. The head is short and broad, its forehead depressed, with a
curved transverse impression ; the surface is strongly and closely punc-
tured ; the eyes are encroached upon near the middle by the prolonga-
tion of the sides of the head. The thorax is transversely quadrate,
finely margined, the apex bisinuated, with obtusely produced anterior
angles ; the base is truncate with rectangular but not prominent angles ;
the sides are a little rounded anteriorly, and slightly narrowed behind ;
the whole surface, except a narrow apical line, is closely and rather
coarsely punctured, and is clothed with pale yellow elongate scales,
which, however, are chiefly distributed along the sides and base.
Scutellum small, almost semi-circular. The elytra are obconical, about
as wide as the thorax, and are rounded posteriorly ; the shoulders are
prominent and prolonged under the prothorax, near which the side
margins are distinctly raised ; the surface is closely punctured, the
larger punctures being disposed beyond the scutellum, the finer ones
near the suture, and they are clothed with yellowish scales, the dorsal
space, however, is nearly nude. The mandibles are broad, short, inwardly
bidentate. The club of the antenncE is almost tri-articulate, the seventh
joint being almost inappreciably produced. The under-side is coarsely
punctured, the abdomen not so much so, and bears many fulvous hairs
and scales. The epipleurce are broad near the base. The anterior tibia
are slightly grooved and carinated, each carina almost crenate, and are
externally armed with five curved teeth, those nearest the extremity the
largest ; the other tibiae are more strongly grooved and carinated, and
bear a strong tooth near the middle.

Length, 6J lines.

I found four specimens at Whangarei Heads ; the species is closely
allied to D. punctulatus, but may be identified by the squamose clothing.

Ceratognatlms.

Westivood; Lacord. Hist, des Ins. Coleop., Tom. iii.,/. 41.

Mentum strongly transversal, narrowed in front. Ligula horny, small,
entire. Internal lobe of the jaws obsolete, /te^/ rather long, slender, the
last joint the largest of all. Mandibles a little longer than the head, hori-
zontal, arched, compressed, trifid at the extremity, with an obtuse dent
in the middle above. Labrum horny, quadrate, ciliated in front. Head
a little narrower than the prothorax, transversal, with two tubercles on
the forehead. Eyes almost rounded, rather prominent. Antenna mode-
rate, slender, their first joint compressed, arched ; second sub-globular,
wider than the following five; the last three very elongated, linear. Pro-
thorax transverse, straight on the sides, feebly bisinuated at its base,
with the anterior angles rather prominent. Scutellum cordiform. Elytra
rather elongate, parallel, rounded at the end, a little convex. Legs rather
long ; the anterior tibiae finely denticulated or notched, with four stout
middle teeth, and two much larger terminal ones : the four posterior
denticulated throughout ; tarsi shorter than the tibiae. Mesosternal
process perpendicular, elongate-triangular. Body rather elongate, sub-
depressed and parallel.



OF NEW ZEALAND. 253

The females are distinguished by their shorter mandibles, smaller
head, shorter antennal club, and somewhat laterally rounded thorax.

445. C. irroratus, Parry ; Trans. Ent. Soc., iv., 56. Pitchy red,
with dull black spots scattered over the whole body ; mandibles porrect,
recurved, in front sharp, and behind denticulate ; antenna with the
three last leaflets very much elongated and pilose ; thorax quadrate, not
margined ; elytra nearly thrice the length of the thorax, of a pitchy brown,
reddish, punctate, with dull black spots sprinkled over the disc ; femora
thickened ; tibia one-spined, serrated on the outside ; prosternum and
mesosternum simple, not produced, $ . In the female the three last leaf-
lets of antennae are of moderate size ; mandibles small, not much porrect,
one-toothed at the base ; body and thorax more rounded than in the
male.

Length, 4^ lines ; breadth, i| line.

Port Nicholson.

I found this species in several Auckland districts.

446. C. zealaildiCTIS, n.s. Mandibles rather short and stout,
porrect, recurved anteriorly, and with a prominent, external tooth near
the base. The antennce are of moderate length, the scape setose, and
the three leaflets finely pubescent. The head is closely and coarsely
punctured, except a small space on the vertex. The thorax is transverse,
convex, obtusely angulated behind the middle, narrowed in front and
behind, and sinuated at each side of the base and apex ; its surface is
coarsely punctured except on the dorsal space behind the middle, and
it is squamose. The elytra are nearly three times as long as the thorax,
and slightly wider than it; they are moderately convex, somewhat
rugosely punctate, and the squamosity is distributed irregularly, some-
times in longitudinal lines with intervening patches, this giving them a
chequered appearance, the margins distinct but not large. The. femora
are a little inflated, the two front pairs of tibia are armed externally with
a stout spine, and the anterior are crenated. The/w- and mesosterna
are simple. Underside punctate and squamose. The general ground
colour is obscure rufous, the scales fulvous. The female may be dis-
tinguished by the less robust mandibles, smaller antennae, and shorter
legs.

Length, 7 lines.

I found this species at Tairua and Whangarei.

447. G. albOgUttatUS, Bates; Ent. Mag., No. 39, p. 55. C.
parvus, ovatus, sub-depressus, brunneo-obscurus, thoracis lateribus late
rufescenti-brunneis, elytris maculis nonnullis albis e squamulis longiori-
bus formatis.

Long., 3^ lin., $ .

NOTE. I do not know its habitat, nor have I seen any examples of
the species ; the above description was sent to me by Captain F. W.
Hutton.

448. C. foveolatus, n.s. Mandibles prominent, rather elongate,
porrect, recurved in front, with a lateral protuberant process near the



254 COLEOPTERA

base. The head is somewhat protuberant in front of each eye, has a
large coarsely punctate triangular depression in front, the posterior
margins of which are elevated and almost smooth ; the hind part and
sides are coarsely punctured, more sparingly behind than on the sides ;
it bears some elongate pallid scales, which are congregated on the
depressed portions. The thorax is convex, rather transverse, the apex
and base are sinuate at each side ; it is widest at the middle, the sides
behind are nearly straight, in front rounded ; posterior angles obtuse-
rectangular ; the margins are rather thick and somewhat crenated ; the
dorsum is remotely, the depressed portions rather closely, punctured,
and it has an ovate central depression in front, two shallow oblique
basal ones, and some others which are less obvious ; the squamosity is
chiefly confined to the depressed portions. Scutellum punctate and
squamose. The elytra are convex, oblong, a little wider than the
thorax, with compressed sides and slightly crenated margins ; their
surface is irregularly and distantly punctured ; each elytron bears three
indistinct somewhat abbreviated costse, the external defines the disc,
the other two are equidistant from one another and the suture ; their
clothing consists of patches of scales not very regularly disposed, the
most conspicuous being a basal one, three in an oblique line in front of,
and the same number behind, the middle of each elytron, but the
squamosity does not accurately correspond on both elytra ; in fresh
examples the clothing, most likely, will be more ample, though distribu-
ted more closely on the depressed parts. Under-side punctured and
sparsely squamose. The prosternum is slightly carinated, and the
interval between the intermediate coxae, though almost plane, is sub-
carinated towards the prosternum.

The colour is an obscure infuscate red, with a bluish tinge on some
parts, and the scales are pale fulvous.

Length, 6 lines.

The only specimen I have seen is minus legs and antennae ; it was
found by Mr. T. F. Cheeseman in January, 1878, in the mountainous
region near Nelson.

449. 0. lielotoides, Thorns. ; Ann. Soc. Entom. France, Ser. 4, ii.
$ Elongatus, convexus ; niger vix nitidus, pilis squamuliformibus
pallidis hue et passim ornatus ; punctatus, elytra obsolete longitudi-
naliter pluri-costata, costis numero indistinctis. ^ ignotus. ^ Elon-
gatus, convexus. Caput inaequali punctatum, sub-triangulariter depres-
sum. Prothorax elongatus, sub-quadratus, antice paulo angustiore,
paulo ut apud Helotam ; elevationibus intricatis plurimis impunctatis,
instructus; punctatus. Scutellum granulosum. Elytra prothorace
latiora, illo quasi 3-longiora, punctata, obsolete longitudinaliterque
costata, costis numero indistinctis ; apice rotundata. Corpus subtus
pedesque valde punctata. ignotus.

*~t> **' "*' ^" Lissotes.

Westwood; Trans. Entom. Soc., n. ser., iii., 213, 1855.

Sub-genus novum. Eigulo Nigidisque affine, mandone maris uncinato,
oculis vero integris rotundatis vel subintegris scutelloque minuto sub-



OF NEW ZEALAND. 255

trigono. Labrum sub-porrectum, in medio tuberculo conico instructum.
Mentum transversum, angulis anticis lateralibus rotundatis margine
anticis haud emarginato. Labii lacinise elongatse, setosse. Caput trans-
versum, antice late concavum, lateribus haud complanato dilatatis ;
oculi rotundati, vix cantho antice et postice incisi. Prothorax margine
antico in medio elevato et sub-porrecto, disco in medio canaliculate vel
sub-depresso. Tibiae anticse extus 6-dentatse. Prosternum simplex, haud
retro porrectum.

450. L. reticulatUS (Buquet, MS.), Westwood ; Trans. Entom.
Soc., iv., 275, 1847. L. mandibulis brevibus crassis, intus obtusi den-
tatis, sub-depressus, niger, pronoto sub-quadrato, elytrisque squamoso-
reticulatis.

Long, corp., lin. 6.

Habitat in Nova Zealandia. In Mus. D. Buquet, Parisiis.

Caput parvum, nigrum, nitidum, margine antico depresso. Mandi-
bula breves, obtusse, dentibusque duobus obtusis armatis. Antenna
articulo 7 mo vix intus producto setoso. Oculi cantho sub-divisi. Mentum
transversum, angulis anticis rotundatis, margine antico in medio parum
emarginato. Pronotum sub-quadratum, capite multo latius, lateribus
parum rotundatis, disco spatiis nonnullis luteo squamosis. Elytra
pronoti latitudine obscure luteo-squamosa, spatiis vel interstitiis glabris
reticulata. Pedes breves, nigri. Tibia anticse extus 5-6 dentatae, 4
posticse in medio dente unico armatse.

FAMILY LAMELLICORNES.

Antenna short, with seven or eleven joints ; the basal joint large,
the terminal joints mobile, and forming a transversal club. Legs more
or less fossorial, especially the anterior ; their tarsi pentamerous.

Group COPRID^E.

Organs of the mouth overlapped by the clypeus, invisible from above.
Ligula membraneous. Lobes of the maxilla very large, coriaceous or
membraneous, and ciliated. Mandibles lam elli form, membraneous, more
or less corneous laterally. Labrum of the same form, membraneous,
invisible, adhering to the arch of the cavity of the mouth. Antenna
inserted below the clypeus, with eight or nine joints the basal very
large, the three last forming the club. Six ventral segments to the
abdomen, all connate. Metathoracic parapleura simple. Intermediate
COXCE longitudinal or oblique, nearly always widely separated. A single
spur to the posterior tibia .

Saphobius.

Sharp; Rev. et Mag. de Zool. Paris, 1873,^. 4.

Corpus sub-quadratum. Clypeus antice angustatus breviter biden-
tatus. Palpi labiales biarticulati ? (articulum tertium videre nequeo),



256 COLEOPTERA

articulis brevibus latis. Tibia anteriores elongatte, intus curvatse, infra
medium tridentatse, tarsis brevibus. Tibia intermedia apice interne
calcari unico brevi (an secundo brevissimo ?), tarsis sat magnis, com-
pressis. Tibiae posteriores sat elongate, apicem versus leviter incras-
satse, extus baud denticulatis, angulo apicali inferiore calcari brevi,
alteroque ad angulum superiorem, tarsis tibiis plus duplo brevioribus,
compressis, unguiculis parvis. Prothorax angulis anterioribus subtus
excavatis. Elytrorum epipleura latissimse. Pygidium sub-perpendicu-
larse, elytris obtectum. Mesosternum sat magnum. Coxa intermedise
perdistantes.

451- S. edwardsi, Sharp ; Rev. et Mag. de Zool. Paris, 1873,
p. 4. Supra opacus, subtus sat nitidus, obscure nigro-seneus, elytrorum
apice tibiisque piceis, palpis, antennis, tarsisque rufis ; capite prothora-
ceque dense punctatis ; hoc transverse, basi medio longitudinaliter
impresso ; elytris sericeo-opacis, obsolete striatis ; pectore sat crebre
punctate.

Long, corp., if lin.

Habitat. Nov. Zealandia.

Collected by Mr. Henry Edwards (now of San Francisco).

452. S. wakefieldi, Sharp; Ent. Mon. Mag., January, 1877.
Sub-quadratus, supra opacus, subtus sat nitidus, obscure nigro-seneus,
elytrorum margine plus minusve testaceo, pedibus rufis, antennis testa-
ceis clava fusca ; capite thoraceque dense punctatis, hoc basi medio
longitudinaliter impresso; elytris sericeo-opacis, obsolete striatis; pygidio
exsertas (sub-perpendiculare), leviter inflexo.

Long., 4^ mm. ; lat, 3 mm.

In the male the hinder part of the metasternum is slightly impressed
in the middle, and the apical ventral segment is a good deal shorter in
the middle than it is in the female ; otherwise the two sexes are quite
similar.

Four individuals of this species were captured by Mr. Wakefield
(after whom I have the pleasure of naming the species) in the Otira
Gorge, Canterbury.

OBS. This species is extremely similar to S. edwardsi, but is a little
larger, and the front tibia? are less curved, the metasternum is longer,
and the femora are red. In the individual from which I described
S. edwardsi, the pygidium is entirely immersed under the elytra, while
in the two individuals of 6". wakefieldi before me, it is quite exposed.

It is therefore probable that the position of this part in the unique
individual of S. edwardsi is the result of an accident. The genus
Saphobius is very close to the Australian Homodesmius (which is pro-
bably synonymic with Canthonosoma, MacLeay), but has the hind tibiae
differently formed.

453. S. nitidulus, n.s. Rather shining ; head and thorax pitchy,
the former reddish in front; elytra green on the middle, blackish at
the sides, with the suture reddened ; legs dark red, shining.



OF NEW ZEALAND. 257

The head and thorax are moderately closely but not at all deeply
punctured, the punctation of the latter denser near the front angles
than elsewhere, leaving an almost smooth dorsal line with a depression
at its base ; there are two rounded impressions on the middle (one near
each side), and in front of these two others close to the margins ; irts~
much broader than long, a little convex, emarginate in front, nearly
truncate at the base, its sides behind are almost straight, but in front are
obliquely narrowed to the prominent angles. The elytra are short, of
the same width at the base as the thorax, rounded laterally, and a good
deal narrowed and sinuated behind, where they are abruptly deflexed,
not protruding beyond the pygidium, but leaving it exposed below ;
their upper surface is defined by a sharp rim, and the epipleurse by
another but finer one, and between these are two obvious striae ; each
elytron has six impunctate striae ; the disc is elevated, so that the base
seems to be a good deal depressed.

The underside is shining black and rather distantly punctured, with a
few granules on the anterior portion of the metasternuin.

The front tibia are long, rather suddenly bent and thickened near
the extremity, with two rows of punctures ; the intermediate are slender
at the base and a good deal dilated apically, and being short are some-
what triangular in form ; the posterior are long and flexuose.

Length, 2 lines ; breadth, i \.

Allied to the typical species, but differing from it in the sculpture of
the prothorax and metasternum, and in its more glossy upper surface.

I found one example recently (October, 1878) at Whangarei Heads.

Group-APHODinXE.

Organs of the mouth sometimes entire, occasionally incompletely
overlapped by the clypeus. Ligula membraneous, nearly always bilobed.
Lobes of the maxilla coriaceous, unarmed ; sometimes corneous, den-
tate and ciliated. Mandibles and lab'rum of variable structure, concealed
by the clypeus among the greater number, visible among the lesser.
Antenna inserted under the clypeus, composed of nine joints, their club
of three short thick joints. Abdomen with six ventral segments, all free.
Middle pair of coxa oblique, contiguous behind. The metathoracic
parapleurcE simple.

Aphodius.

Illig. ; Lacord. Hist, des Ins. Coleop., Tom. iii.,/. 115.



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