Thomas Christie.

The Analytical review, or History of literature, domestic and ..., Volume 19 online

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* ^dlow almoft damn'd in a (air wife' in Othdlo, (lill refift thc^ortt
of criticifm, is only faying, that in^nuity cannot ccpe with impof-
iibility : how little we have been partial, the reader will judge, wliai
he perufes the whole. — We (hall only add, that Dr. Farmer's Efir
on the learnii^ of otir poet has been very properly inferted in this
edition ; and that the notes of Mr. Douce contribute to enhance the
value of the work. z. s.

AaT. nr. The Putfuhs of LiteratMre, or, tFiatjou WiU : A SafirkJ
Toem hf Dialogue, Part L 4to. 40 pages. Price aa* Owem
Tuts bold fatjrrift, certainly no tyro in learning, and at it (eemt

no novice in wntsng, takes a wide range thro' the &d^ .of politics,


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Tbi Purfuits of Litiratitrej Pari /• 361

tlieolejnr, and polite Htcratore^ and eveiy where.finds» orcreatef» fub-
jcAs of indignaat cenfare, or of fportive raillery. The ibafcs of hia
indignadon are pointed chiefly againft pclitical or theolo^cal re-
fonnert* Both in iferfi and f!rt/e (for his poem is accompanied with
niuDetooa notes, whicn form the largcft and the moft entertaining part
of the wofty he lathes them with great feverit^r: and it would be in-
juftice to fome dtftingoifhed names^ and particularly to one eminent
philof(»>lier» to whom the world is indebted for iusportant labours and
mat aifeoveriest not to add, that the author^s zed has in fome ia-
Sances carried him into raneorout abufe. But we gladly pafs orer
this part of the poem» in which the vulgar cry of herefy and fedition
is echoed in a manner not very confiftent with urbanity, to meet the
author upon ground, where he may fafelv reforoe his natural gaietj^
and where we can enjoy with him the fly ineer of (arcalm, or the broad
grin of ridicule.

We leave it to Dr. W-*— t to balance the account with our author
for the ineflBible contempt which he pourft upon « an obfcure perfoa
ftyling himfclf PctCf Piiidar;' and refer the vindication of the poet*
Hayky and Darwin to the public fufirage, which has been fo de«
cidedly given in their favour; and proceed to give our readers a tafto
of our author's pleafantry, in the following lines on antiquarian pe«
dantry, and modern hook finery, p. 24.

* Shall I new anecdotes from darknefs draw»

Which e'en Strawberrian Horac a never faw ;

Prefix fome painting or antique vigneue.

To pleafe old Boy dill's fond fubfcribing fer»

With wn-nnwe • bot-frffs*dip^iptx*9 glofly glare

Blind aft Ac wife, and make the ftupid (tare.

* ' ■ ■ ' I

* All books of all kirids are now advertifed to be printed on a
9wht-^W9V$ faper and hot-pftffei^ with of/x, down to the PhdofopbicU
TranfaAions, (the uniformity of which work is deftroyed by this folhr
unwonhy of fuch a focicty) and Major Re nnbll's learned Memoit
^ Hindioftan ; as if the intention were, that they (hould be looked
at and not rftid. As to the fury (ox prints and cnts^ tvcn Blackjhne*i
Commeniaries are now poblifhed in numbers, by ^ Jix-penny profeffor o£
law, adorned with/yr//^ ar/r; and I hear that the Fffiffor luis promifed
a fine ^whoU length of a l^ifi Pnits, and a rich *vie<w of a Chancery fuit
inperAeShfe, by Bartolozzi, who will either engrave them him/elf, ox
lend bis name, which is the fame thing, at leaS the public think fo^
A% to theft nrntt-'weaverf or drawers of paper and bat^treffers, mud wo
fay to the public, in the indignant words of Apuleius : '< Qgou^quo
frttftra paicetis ignigem$ idos ?" Surely this foolery muft foon ceafe.

* I wiih every aathor who prints and publifhes his own works, on a
wife-wove paper and lot-prefed, would imitate the hooefty of fia
William Chambers, knight of the polar Aar, who (ays, in a Icttet
to Voltaire, which accompanied hts wonderful book on Orknta^
Gardemng ; << It contains (&vs the knight) hefidet a groat d/ttdofnm^
fiotfe, two very prettf prints by Barrol^si." Earop. Mag. for Sept.
i795.«*Whtle this note was printing, I was informed that Coxa
vrov LYTTLlToir, nakb Jitf;fravi's mies^ as idy^nifing to bo

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Or muft I as a wit with learned air«

like D^o^or Dewlap, * to Tom Payne*% f repair ; ' ' j

Meet Cyril Jackfon, J and mild Cracberode § ;

'Mid literary gods myfelf a god :

There make folks wonder at th' extent oC geniu*

In the Greek Aldus or the Dutch Frobenius;

And for th' edification of their fouls,

Qaott fir/auMt fayings from The Shiffe ofFoles.

Hold ! cries Tom Payne, that marzin let me meafurc^

And rate the feparate value of eacn treafure :

Eager they gaze— Well, Sirs, the feat is done ;

Cracherode's Pdtta Princij^s |[ have won :

In filcnt exultation down he fits,

•Mong well be-Chaucer'd Winkyn-Wordian wits*

Or (hall I thence by mock-appomtment (lop.

And joke with Bryant at his Llmfly's (hop;

And bear it whifper'd, while I'm wond'rous pliant,

•Twas Dodor Dewlap fpoke to Mifter Br v a nt,*'
The fatirift goes on to lafh Dr. Parr nrettjr feverely, for elevating
certain commentators on Shakfpeare to tne high date of guides to the
voblic tafte ; for calling to public notice trades, which the authors lone
fince wi(hed to confign to omivion; and for the fwelling pomp of his
£^ion* In conelufion, Shakfpeare's commentators pais under re.
view, in a humorous exhibition of a canine raetamorphoiis, in which
each commentator takes the name of one of the dogs mentioned hf

pnblifhed on a 'wire-ivove paper ^ and bouprejfei. This folly, by fucl>
a proceeding, muft furcly fign its own death warrant, I wi(h, to be
fnre, fome ot our Statutes at Large could be a little 'voire-dnnvH and
hot'frejp^d by a committee of parliamentary printers and compofitois.*
1 dare fay» lord Stanhope would corred the prefi with 'm^h plea-

• * Put for any portly divine, nipwr la dtgefiian^ as Bmyere would
bpf* The reader will fupply one to his fancy.

• + Not that detcftable fellow whom we all execrate, and who it
now <wHb or ivithaut a bead in France, I hope in the fajbhn of that
cointry — but one of the bcft and honel^eft men living, Mr. Thomas
Fayne^ to whom, as a bookfeller, learning is under confiderable obli-
gations. I mention th;8 Trypbo Ementus with gr^at fatisfadion.

• X The prefent dean of Chrift church, Oxford, exemplary for hit
diligence and learning in our univerfity.

• ^ A rich and learned man (to irfe the words of the fon of Sirach)
fomiihed with ability, living peaceably in his habitation. His library
it allowed to be the choicclt in old greek and latin authors, of any
private colledion in this country.

« |[ The famous edition, by H. Stephens, of the principal grrek
poets* AH literary mfn, from the little Hiblkpolifi Doctor well known
at Sales, to the humbleft colledor, underftand this farce of margin^
incafuring, and the profit of it.

• * When 1 name xMr. Bryant, ix is a fuflkicnt eul<^.*


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TThe PurfuiU rfLiicraiMn^ Part I. 3^3

Viderc canes, primufqoc Mdainpus, &<:•

Metans, lib. Ill*

' Among thcfe he introduces, ntber obliquely, but with no name.
rotts intait. the learned Mr. Porfon. Wc give the couplet with it «
notes. F. 38.

Then Poaiow view Nebrofhoms • the (hrcwd, +
Yet foaming with th* Archdeacon's t critic blood.
Though wc by no means undertake to juftify aU the ftriaures oC
this anonymous faiirift, we allow him great ciedit for various reading,
wit and ingenuity.

* * Nibrofbimos fignifics a dog that flays the fawns and deer; and lb
in truth it is :

« Archdeacons, rats, and fuch fmall deer,
* Have been Dick's food for many a year.'
And as Lear fays, " I'll take a word with this fame learned Thbb aw^.**
My learned mafter Richard Porfon;— but he loves no tilles! It wonld
be better it he did. , ^ ,

• + Shreiod.^yix^ Malone fays, the word /&w«/ means acute, or
intiilhent'y Mr. Steevcns fays, it is, bitter oi /rvere. Shafccfp.
Ed. 1 793. vol. vi. p. 430. Reader, you may chufe, or rather com-
bine the terms. .t. t • 1 • •

« 1 The reader may be furpnfcd to find any theological wntings m
this part ; but Mr. Steevens's ingenuity has contrived toprefs Mr. Por-
fon's letters to Mr. Archdeacon Travis htto tbe Jeruke of Shakfoeare;
and by fuch ingenuity 'wboot<tvbai may not be /«^ into it? This
is quite a fufiicient excufe for me, or rather a full juftiHcation of my
allufion to them. See Tempeft, vol. iii. p. 68. Steev. Edit. 1793.
Mr. Steevcns ftiles Mr. P. " an excellent fcholar and a perfpicacms
critic ;" in which I moft cordially agree. But, if I am rightly in-
formed, he thanks neither }Ax. Steevens, nor me, nor Dr. Parr, nor
Dr. Burncy the fchoolmafter, nor any other dodlor or miftcr in this
country, for any opinion they may entertain or exprds of him or his*
works. He neither gives nor takes. '* iValhr, oar kat."—Bat
there is a fomething, as I have learned from Horace of great men,

" quod leue tormentum ingenio admovet plerumque duro.*' 1 £nd

the archdeacon has re-publiftied his work, and \n my opinion has vcijr
wifely declined -being led any more bv Dick and xht fbulfiemd
" through file, and through flame and whirlpool, o'er bog and
quagmire, and having knives laid under his pillow," &c. But the
archdeacon has had the wcaknefs to print his work on a ^wire-^nvove
paper and hot prejfed. Had I been the archdeacon, I (hould have been
'contented with the hot prrfftng by Mr. Porfon— -hot indeed, hijjing*

hot I This controverfy has no good end: learning is good, and

theology is good ; but there is fomething better, H Aye^n}* ^ There is
alfo a writer who fays, K«laitii;;^«U4 £A£OX ¥,^9%v%* It it not fo*
Mr. Profeflbrt'


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364 r d 1 T E T.

Akt. IV. Ethk E0Us to ibi ti^rfCamarnm^ m the Uimd and itt
Oferathftt, as bearing genetalfy aa the Evemtt of the Wmii^ fartkm^
larfy ofi tbofe of France. Witi em Apology to the Public. Wntteb in
the Year 1793. Small 8vo. 224pag^ Price 5s. fewed* Caddl.
I 794-
Th E aathor of thefe Eoiftles has very kindly reltered os fiom the
erabarraflhient, which we began to feel in characterizing his verfes* by
difclainiing» from the ^'ery nature of his woiic, all pretenfion to tftie
honour of pocfy. — ^Whatever bards or critics may fay to the contrary,
or however ananimouHy the world may have agi«ed in honouring
Vi^'s Georgics, and Pope's Eflay on Man» with the name of poema» .
this writer pronounces /

' There'snofochthingasadidaflicmufe.'— Headds,

' A eenios cannot condefoend to teach ;

To elevate, enrapture, and furprize,

Kai(e us from earth, and waft us to the Ikies,

Thefe are his province ; aught than theie that's worfe

Can ne'er be poetfy, howe'er 'tis vcrfe.

Concerning the themes on which he treats, he fairly owns, that
they are * no better fung than faid ;' and we itudtly accede to the
opinion, while they wk fung only in fuch profaic rhymes as form the
general mafa of theie «)i(lles. Yet the AibjeCb are rich and copious ;
nothing lefs than the aelineation of the nature of the human mind ;
and the progrefs of it's powers under the feveral heads of imitation—
fnboidination — influence — independence— -education t- principlei—-
knowledge— perfe^on. Each of thefe topics is difcuffed in a diftipCl
epiftle, smd not without many jufl refle^ons ; but it is to be regretted,
that the author, infiead of purluing the tegular train of roetaphy fical or
moral ideas fugged by the fubject, is continually turning out of the
road, to vent his indication againft the prefent dodrines and proceed*
logs of the french nauon; fo that the piece may moch more properly be
^nfidcied as a political mifeelhu^, tnan as a courfe of moral difqoifi-
tion on the faculties and the condition •f num. Of the authof 's mode
of thought and expreffion on general topics, the following paflage oa
independence may ferve as a fair example, p. 1 25.

* Where, independence, where doft thou refide.
Far from the haunts of prejudice, and pnde I
In what lonemanfion, what obfcure retreat^
Lov'ft thou to fix thy folitaiy feat ?
In vain we feek thee on thy fleeting wings
Through crowds of people, or in courts of kings ; '
Though hafl no court tnyfelf, frequented none.
Nor flave, nor tyrant, firmly ftand'ft ahne :
Or, when thou moveft« doil alone proceed.
Scorning alike to follow* as to lead i
Purfii'ft thy conftant courfe with fteady pace.
Above tlie pride or prizes of the race : •
Katnre's, and Newton's, firft great law is thine,
f < Firm reft, or motion in the fame ftrait line,"
Umnfluent'd, uninfluencing ftill,
(^hopfiog tbif^e qwHt b^t leaving all ti^r will }


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HUofopbkatTtafifaifknsfir 1793, Part IL 365

For iUte too hoaeft» too fincere for fame.

To popohirity known but by name —

Where art tlu>tt hid impennoos to our eye ?

Native of eanh, or only of the iky?

Whence Peeafus to mortals here defcends.

Thy winged meflenger to work thy ends ;

Tlmt like thee fpams the fordid earth beneath^

For air too pure for mortals mere to breathe.

Free as thou art, thou canft not fure be found

Mixing with men as grov'ling as their eround ;

With HieciouSy proud, ambitious, fordid flaves*

And aU the other various names for knaves.

Mud we, here having fought it in defpair.

Thy calUe own— *a caftle in the air ?'
We add the following extract, from which it will appear, that the
anthor, though an enemy to republicanifm, is alfo an enemy to
tyranay* r. 130.

< Ambition is but the word fort of pride^
Czfars and Alexanders (land afide«
Ye fought not heroes, let the mufe fpeak true^
7 To ferve the world, but make the world ferve yoiu
Thou Francis, Fred'ric, Catherine, and all
Who rife on Turkey's, or on Poland's fall ;
Who reftlefs, uncontented with your own.
Divide between you Staniflaus's crown ;
Know that from merit far, far e'en from (ame^
Incieafe of empire is iocreafe of (hame ;
While Staniflaus mote trulyereat is found
Exil'd at GrodnOf than at' Warfaw crown'd.*
Hearme, yeminiftersofjuftice, hear!
(Of fuch an honed truth where is the fear \)
If potentates, but heav'n avert the chance f
Your fame ambitious views extend to France f
If yottt diflembled proje^ (hould be lefs
To aid the virtuous, than the free oppre(s ;
If in pretence of liberty, of laws.
The prisoner's refcue, and the exile's caufe.
The fccret end of all your treacherous toil
Particular plunder be and felfifh fpoil ;
- If princes, all, or cither of you aare

Form the bafe projed Britain fcorns to ihare;

To thee I fay, and all the good agree.

Thou art a tyrant, but may France be free !

Though focial call'd, if felfiih thy dcfign.

The fate thou mediut'd to France be ihine !' d, m«


Art. v. Phdo/opbkal TranfoQims of the Royal Society of xLomion.
For-ibe Tear 1^93. Part il. 410. 228 pages. With eight plate^
Price 81. fewcd. £lmily. l^^^'

xu. The

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xiu The firft article in this fecond part x^md^rffthnofm trinfitef^
dtfar determining the place of celeftiatahjeQt at thejpajs the meridian, B^
the Re<v» Francis WoUafitm^ L L. B. anil. k. 8.— We cannot give an adc^
quate defcription of this inftrumcnt for want of the plate. It confifta of
an achromatic telcicope of 33 inches focus, and 2 inches aperture* on. a
uanfit axis, with .the fupporters and adjuftments of that inftniment.
Thefe is an entire circle of 2 feet diameter on the axis to roeafure al-
titudes* with independant oppolite microfcopes to read off, and fubdi*
Tide, as in the great theodolite of the Royal Society *. The fapportcrs
and all the apparatus of the tranfit are fixed upon an azimuth plate of
ai I inches diameter. From thefe particulars the aflronomical reader
nay obtain a general idea of feme of it's advantages. Mr. W. has
given a very dear account of the fmaller appendages, on which fi>
much of modem accuracy depends, as alfo of the dieds intended to
be produced by fucb paru as are peculiar to this inftrument. It waa
executed by Cfary, and does him much credit as a fcientific artifl.

XIII. Defcription of an extraordinary prodnflion 9f human generatinr,
mth ohfervations. By John Clarke , M. D. — A woman was delivered
of an healthy child at the lying-inn hofpital in Store-ftreet, and after*
wards of this imperfed produmon. U was inclofed in a diftind bae
of membranes, compofed of a decidua, chorion, and amnios^ and
-l)ad a placenta belonging to it» the fide of which was attached to the
placenta of the perfed child. It's figure was oval, and it had na
fimilarity to the human foetus, except it's coverinc;, and the attempt
at the formation of two feet and a finger. Internally it was compoled
of bones and foft matter. The latter was of an homoffeneoos fleihy
texture, without any regular or diftind arrangement of fibres ; but waa
very vafcular throughout. The bones, wmch were furrounded by
this flelhy fubftance, were the os innominatum, the os femoris^ tKe
tibia and the fibula. The relative fituation of theie to each othcr»
defcribed the attitude of kneeline. The os innominatum and the o«
&moris were both perfed, and of the fize met with in a foetus at the
full period of utero-geftation ; but the tibia and fibula were much
iliorter than thdr natural proportions. At the upper part and towards
the infide of the os innominatum was placed a little portion of fmall
inteftines,loofely conneded by their mcfcnterv to the poftetiour edge of
that bone, where it is commonly united to the os facruro. Theie in-
tefiines lud a covering of peritoneum. There was not the fmalleft
appearance of head, or vertebra, or ribs. There was neither brain,
(pmal marrow, nor nerves. It had no heart or lungs. It contained
none of the vifcera fubfervient to digeftion, except the inteilines al«
leady mentioned ; and not any glandular fubftance whatever.

Dr. C. has not confined him^lf merely to record the fads, but to
draw inferences from them of advantage to the progrefs of fcicnce.
The circumftanccs attending this monftcr ferve to confirm the opinion
of- the late John Hunter, that a foetus is a ver^ fi mple animal. The
whole^ of it's adions mud have been of the vafcular fyftem only, and
thefe appear to have been capable of forming bone, (kin, cellular fub^
ftance, ligament, cartilage, inteilines, &c. The arteries carried on
the ciiculation without a heart. Nervous power was totally abfcnt.

^ Anal. Rev. Vol. vzix. p. 48. or Phil. Tran£ VoL lxxx. Fart. r.


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Phtlofophical Tranfaaiom for 1793, Part II , 367

In a perfect foetus the objeft of nature fecms to be fimply, that it
ihould groWf and be fitted with parts, which though of no uie to it
at firft, are eiTential to it's well being afterwards.
Two good engravings are annexed to this paper.

XIV. Defcripiion of an inflnpneni f9r afcertaining the f pacific gravitits
of fluids. By John Godfrey Schmeijjfir. — Mr. Schtheiffcr's intttument
coniifts of a bottle with a conical ftopper, through which the lowef
end of a thermometer palTes fo as to ht immerfed in the fluid wheA
the ftopper is in it's place. The principles of this inftrument muft
be obvious to every philofopher. We cannot difcern mutt novelty ia
the performance. No experiments are related to (how how far it't
accuracy may be depended upon; which, confidering the late difcuflkm
between Mr. Ramfden and the operators with the balance of the Royal
Society, might appear neccflary.

XV. Extras of a UtUr from fir Charles Blagden^ Knt, Sec, R. S. t§
fir Jofeph Btn^s^ P. ». 8. ghing fome account of the tides at Naples.-^

From feveral obfcrvations, of which fir CharFes does not fpeak very
confidently, he concludes, that the difference between high and low
water at Naples is about one foot, and that the time 'of high water at
full and change is between nine and ten o'clock.

XVI. Obfirvations on Vifion* By Thomas Voung, — ^Various have been
the conjectures and inferences among opticians to explain the manner
in which the eye varies it's focal dilhmct, according to that of the
objeCi. After enumerating moft of them, Mr. Y. explains the &^^
by (howing, that the cryftalline humour is mufcular throughout.

When the cryflalline of ah ox is turned out of it's capfula and viewed
in aflxong light, and more efpecially when a magnifier is nfed, it's
ftrudure may be difcerned. It is an orbicular convex tranfparent
body, compofed of a confiderable number of fimilar coats, of which
the exteriour clofely adhere to the interiour. Each of thefe coats con-
fifU of fix mufcles intermixed with a gelatinous fubftance, and attached
to fix membranous tendons. Three of the tendons are anteriour, three
pofieriour ; their length is about two thirds of the femidiameter of the
coat ; their arrangement is that of three equal and equidiilant nys
meeting in the axis of the cryllalline : one of the anteriour is diredled
towards the outer angle of the eye, and one of the pofteriour, towards
the inner angle; fo that the poileriour are placed oppofite to the middle
of the interUices of the interiour ; and planes paffing through each of
the ^x, and through the axb, would make on either furface ^\ regular
equidifiant rays. The mufcular fibres *arife from both fides of each
tendon ; they diverge till they reach the greateft circumference of the
coat, and having paffed it, they again converge till they are attached
refpedlively to the fides of the nearelt tendons of the oppofite furface.
The anteriour or pofteriour portions of the fix, viewed together, exhibit
the appearance of three pcnniformi-radiated mufcles. » The anteriour
tendons of all the coats are fituated in the fame planes, and the poile-
riour ones in the continuation of thofe planes beyond the axis. This
mafs is enclofed in a ftrong membranous capfule, to which it is loofely
conneAed by minute veflcls and nerves ; and the connedUon is more
obfervable near it's greater circumference, fietween the mafs and
it's capfule is found a confidemble quantity of an aqueous fluid, the
liquid of tlie ciyflallinc.


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368 A S T k O N O M Y.

From this conftniaion it is evident, that a ^tradion oT the
iDu&les will Kgahrly diminiOi the forface : and as a fphete haa a left
furface than any other (olid, it's figure will, under foch circumftancesp

Approach to fphericity. It's power will therefore be fhortened* Mr.

' Y. (hows, by computations grounded on the Drinctples of dioptrics
|U>plied to the figure and refradive denfity of Uie crrnaliine, that the
cnan^ of which it is capable will be fufficient to produce difliii6t vifion
within the limiu of obfen^ation.

The author concludes his paper by explaining the caufe of the
radiations that appear when a candle is viewed with eyes nearly doied*
and fome other phenomena of vifion, which we recoiled to have (een
explained in the early volumes of the Memoirs of the French Aca*
damy» but cannot refer to the place, becaufe we hare not the woik at

. XVII. Ohfern/athnt on a cnrrtnt that often frtnmlt H the ^mejhwmri
qfSciUj ; endangering thejtrfety rffiits that approach the Briti/b e h anmtU
Bj James Rennel, SfyiV.K, s*.— -The current hereinvefti|;ated is obfeffw
ved to ict round the capes Finifterre and Ortegal into the bay of BifcaT*
thence along' the coaft of France to the north and north weft^
tvhence it proceeds acrofs the channel from Ufliant towards Cape
Clear, in a north wefl direAion. Mr. R. has very fcientificall/ eac*
plored the fubjedl; as far as the fadts before him will admit. He af-
^ibcs the current in the firft inftance to the wefkrly winds, which
prevail in the northern Atlantic, and throw a body of water on the
coaft of Spain, which, being pent up in the bay of Bifcay, is naturally,
by the form of the (hore, conduced off at the northern extremity.
Strong winds from the weft and fouth weft are accordinslv fouftd to
increafe the current, at which times the navigator (hoiUa be caicfbl
under any uncertainty of his latitude, to keep to the fouthward.

We may remark, that the current, here afcribed to the varial^e winds
moftly fifom the weft ward, feems to be paf^of a more extenfive cur-
rent that prevails over the northern paru of the atlantic. The con*
ftant trade winds a£l upon the ocean, and produce a current along the
northern (hore of South-America into the gulph of Mexico. The
water efcapes to the northward in the well known gulph ftrcam, which
prevails as far as the banks of Newfoundland, and probably by the
efficacy of other caufes is continued quite acrofs the Atlantic ; die cur*
rent at the weftem iflands at Maderla, and at the Straits mouth, being

Online LibraryThomas ChristieThe Analytical review, or History of literature, domestic and ..., Volume 19 → online text (page 48 of 71)