Thomas Cushing.

History of the counties of Gloucester, Salem, and Cumberland New Jersey, with biographical sketches of their prominent citizens (Volume 1) online

. (page 1 of 95)
Online LibraryThomas CushingHistory of the counties of Gloucester, Salem, and Cumberland New Jersey, with biographical sketches of their prominent citizens (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 95)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


Gc

974.901

GSlcus

v.l

158S37S



REYNOLDS HISTORICAL



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY



3 1833 02250 7450



Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center



http://www.archive.org/details/historyofcountie01cush



U'



HISTOEY



cotjjstties of



ix'Tr



''LI



I unijjjj.ii^ ill

NEW JERSEY,






jllMlli



WITH



BIOGEAPHICx^L SKETCHES



OF THEIR



PROMIi^EN-T CITIZENS.



THOS. GUSHING, M.D.



CHARLES E. SHEPPARD, ESQ.



PHILADELPHIA:

EVERTS A PECK.

18 83.



PRESS OF J. B. LIPPIN;0TT Si CO., PHILAOcLFHlA.



.58837?



PREFACE.



In the preparation of this work every available source of information has been utilized.
Books, pamphlets, and manuscripts in the libraries at Trenton, Newark, and Philadelphia have
been consulted, records in the departments at Trenton and in the offices of the clerks in the
difl'erent counties have been seareiied, the tiles of newspapers have been examined, and informa-
tion has been obtained from individuals who had studietl the history of different localities.

Acknowledgments are due to the clerks of the counties, and of the boards of freeholders, for
access to tiie records in their offices, and to the editors of journals for the use of their files.

Those who have contributed articles for this work, and whose names appear in connection
with their articles, are Eev. J. Y. Burk, Indians of New Jei-sey ; J. Down Heritage, M.D.,
Geology of Southern Xew Jersey; J. Ingram, M.D., Meteorology of Southern New .Jersey;
Belmont Perry, Esq., Bench and Bar of Gloucester County ; Luther F. Halsey, M.D., ]Medi<\il
Profession of Gloucester County; "William Milligan, Gloucester County School System; W'allace
McGeorge, M.D., Gloucester County Bible Society, and Gloucester County Sunday-School Asso-
ciation; Rev. D. Thackara, Temperance in Gloucester County; Samuel Prior, Meadov/ Improve-
ments in Salem County; ^Yilliam H. Reed, Agriculture in Salem County; Quiutou Giblxui,
M.D., Medical Profession in Salem County; H. P. Davidson, Temperance in Salem County;
and M. D. Dickinson, Salem County Sunday-School Association.

Many others have contributed local articles and have freely given valuable informatio;!.
While some errors of former historians have been corrected, there will doubtless be found others
which, as in all similar cases, have eluded the closest vigilance of the compilers of tliis worlc : for
these the indulgent charity of the critic is asked.

The historian of Cumberland County, Charles E. Sheppard, desires to acknowledge liis
indebtedness to the following publications : History of the ^ledical Men of Cumberland County,
and Beasle/s History of Cape May, and to the authors of the various historical sketches of
churches in the county which have been published ; and especially to acknowledge his indebtedness
to the previous History of Cumberland County and the other publications of the late Hon. L. Q.
C. Elmer, who sent for the writer immediately after he became engaged upon this work, and,
unsolicited, extended to him permission to use any of his writings, to the fullest extent; to Mr.
Robert B. Potter, whose valuable assistance and extensive information on the local history of the
county has been a great help; to the pastors and other members of the various churches, and
officers of societies, and to Dr. J. B. Potter, Col. W. E. Potter, :\Ir. George F. Xixon, .Tames
H. Nixon, Esq., H. O. Xewcomb, Esq., Dr. Enoch Fithian, and the many others who have
so willingly furnished information and assisted him in the preparation of the History of Cumber-
land County.

NOVEMBEB, 1883.



-\/ - Qi;>.^. »s



CONTENTS.



CHAPTER I.

PAGE

Indians of New Jerskt.

Their PrimitiTd ConJition— The Lenni Leuipes— Their rrimitive
Condition, Character, and Habits— Their Kelics found in South-
ern New Jersey 1

CHAPTER II.
FiR^T Discoveries and Sfttltuents (^n the Dfi^awaee Kiver.
riacoTery by HenJrick Hudson— Visit hy Lord Delaware— E.'i-
ploration by Cornelis Hendrickson and Cornelia Jacobstjn Mey
— West India Company — Visit of De Vries 5

CHAPTER III.

Swedish RfciME.
First Swedish Settlements — Early Swedish GoTernors — Difficulties
with the Dutch — Conquest of the Swedes — Swedish Customs 6

CHAPTER IV.

DctCH RtOIME.

Commerce of the Dutch on the Delaware— Dutch Governors-
Policy of the Dutch toward the Swedes— Condition under Dutch
Rule 9

CHAPTER V.

EAKLT SETTEE31CNTS AND FINAL CONQUEST BY THE ENGLISH.

Early Claims by the English- Royal Grants— Xaw Haven Colony-
Sir Edmund Ployden's Grant— Trouble with the Dutch— Their
Conquest by the English 10

CHAPTER \I.
English R£.qime.
Early Condition of the People — First Proprietary Government —
Difficulties au.ong the Proprietors— IntUix of Quakers— Difficul-
ties with the Governors of New York— Extensions of Settlements
—.Surrender of the Proprietary Governm«int— Cunflicts with
Koyal Governors— French and Indian War 14

CHAPTER VII.
Revolutionary History of Soltheen New Jersey.

Battle of Red Bank 23

CHAPTER Vlir.
Revolutionary History— (Ccm/i/iueifl.
Operations in Salem and Cumberland Counties— ASfair at Quinton's
Bridge— Massacre at Hancock's Bridge 23

CHAPTER IX.

Revolution AEV History— i. Con/, ftue^;.
Minor Operations in Gloucester County— Near Gioucester^At Esg
Harbor— At Waterford— At Haddonlield 33

CHAPTER X.

Revolutionary Uistohv— i Continue),
Troops furnibbed by Gloucester, Salem, and Cumberland Conntiea
—Continental Tn^ps— Lieutenant E. Elmer's Company— SUte
Troops- 3I;l:tia—Revolutioattry Soldiers' Lists 36



f CHAPTER XI.

PAGE

I Wab of 1812 AND Mexican War 52

J CHAPTER XII.

, Gloccestee, Salem, and Ccmberund Counties in the War of the

j Rebellion.

! Part taken by the Counties — Three Months* Troops — First Brigade,

' First, Second, Third, and Fourth Regiments— Lists of Soldiers... 53

i CHAPTER XIII.

I Civil War- (Ctonfinued).

j Fifth, Sijith, and Seventh Regiments— Lists 31

I CHAPTER XIV.

1 Civil War— (Co)i(iiiu.>ii).

I Xinth Regiment— Tenth Regiment- Lists 67

I

I CHAPTER XV.

I

I Civil Vf is.— (Continued).

I Twelfth Regiment— Lists — T3

1

CHAPTER XVI.

Civil War — (Continw d )
First Cavalry, Sixteenth Regiment— Twenty fourth Regiment—
Twenty-fifth Regiment— Lists - - 80

CHAPTER XVII.
Civil War— <rch,'mueii).
Twenty.«ighth Regiment — Second Cavalry, Thirty-second Refi-
ment — Lists ^^

CHAPTER XVIII.
' Civil War— (Coiid'imed).
I Thirty-fourth Regiment— Third Cavalry, Thirty-siith Regiment-
Lists - ^^

j CHAPTER XIX.

I Civil War— <Ci>nJiiiu.-<f).

I Thirty-seventh Regiment— Thirty-eighth Regiment— Volunieeis

in other Organizations — Lists - "^

I CHAPTER XX.

' Sixth Regime.nt National Guard, N.J... S7

CHAPTER XXI.
Railroads in Southern New Jer.set.
West Jersey Railroad— Millville and Glassboro— Salem— Cape May
and Millville— Swedestwro— Delaware River— New Jersey S. jti,-
em— Cumberland and Maurice River- West Jersey and Atlantic
City 9'

CHAPTER XXII.

Geology op Southern New Jersey ^<*

CHAPTER XXIII.
OF SoCTHEEN New Jersey- - 1*^1



CONTENTS.



nisToiiY or «;i,<)rcKSTKR coi ntv.

CIIAriER XXIV.



Oko



ZATION AND



PlV



; County.



Organizaliou— Constitution of tlie County— E;irly .X.lministration
of Affuira— C<junty Rwogniz.Hi— Ee- HarVir .\nu.'X.-d— .Ml^mtic
County Krected— Attom|itf.i Removal of County-SwU— Camden
County Erected— Townahips IncorponiIo<l— WiLshiugton and
Monroe Restored — Oeotrraphy and Topography — New Townships
—Population— Liinii Titles

CHAPTER XXV.
Earlv I>oi.ng5 of the Countt Authorities.
Extracts from Court Records— First Court— Question of Jurisdic-
tion—First Tax— Early Ferries— Weights and 5Ie,a^ure3 Regu-
lated-Foreigners, Vagrants, Servants— First Capital Crime-
Marriages and Births— Misc'-llaiieoui Exiracts from Records-
Justices and Freeliolders— ShenlTs' Fees— Importation of Pau-
pers—Hotel Prices Prescribed- Boundaries Regulated



.. 107 '■

CHAPTER XXVI. j

Roads and Boidges. [

Old King's Highway— Action of Cx^urt concerning Roads and
Bridges — Turnpikes 112

CHAPTER XXVII.

Public Buildings.
Firet County Prison-Second Prison and First Court-HouBfr— Sec-
ond Court-House and Jail— First Stocks and Wliipping-Post—
Public Buildings Improved— Court-House and Jail Burned-
Location and Erection of Present Court-House — Present Jail-
Clerks' and Surrogates' Offices— First Almshouse— Purchase of
County Farm and Erection of Present Almshouse 114



CHAPTER XXVIII.
Politicians and Soldieks, and Civil List of Oi

CHAPTER XXIX.
Bench .vnd Dac.
Jodges-Attorueys— Lists of Judicial Officers



C.LOUCESTEE.- 119



CHAPTER SXX.

Medical Profession.
Medical Societies— Personal Reminiscences of Physi

CHAPTER XXXI.

Rebellion History of Gloucester C
Action of Freeholders— Soldiers' Monument



CHAPTER XXXII.

Pbe&s in Gloucester County 155

CHAPTER XXXIII.

Gloucester County School SY.srE.M.
Eariy Schools— Growth of School System— History and Present

iu the County 156



CHAPTER XXXVII.
I City of Woodbury. i

i Eariy History— \Vo.>dburT in the Wars of 17T6 and 1S12— Wood-
I Lury in ISlO-Ploneer Dwellings— Balcony House— Incorporate.!
as a Borough— .\s a City— City Officers— Fo.-.-IJunting Club— Li-
' brary Company- Whirligig .-iociety- Secret .Socieliea— Loan .As-
sociation-Real Estate Mutual Loan A.-sucialion— K.-iilroad3—
Vooilbury .\caiiemy—Churchos— North Woodbury Seminari-—
Industries — Green's New Factory — Green's|rianiug-Mi!l— Sland-
[ ard Window-Glass Works— Woodbury Glass-Works- Fruit-Can-
uiufl^ House — WoodUurj- in ISSo

CHAPTER XXXV [II.
Township of Deutford.
Geographical and Descriptive— Pioneur Settlers— Pioneer Records
—Villages and Hamlets- Almonesson- Methodist Episcopal
Church of Almonesson— Westville— Methodist Protestant
Charch of WestviUe—Wenonah— Presbyterian Church of We-
Donah — Methodist Episcopal Cliurcli of Weuouah

CHAPTER XXXIX.

Township of East Grelnwich.

Geography and Topography— Pioueer Settlers and Koads— Land

Titles— Civil List- Villages and Hanilets-Clarksboro— Pioneer

Land-Owners at Clarksboro—Mickleton— Berkeley —Churches—

Eglington Cemetery

CHAPTER XL.

Township of Franklin.
Geographical and Descriptive— Pioneer Settlements—Civil Organ-
ization—List of Officers— Extracts f:om liecords- Villages and
Hamlets— Societies— Churches— Industries, Malaga Gla.S3-:3Ianu-
facturing Company

CHAPTER XI.I.
Township of Glasst.oro.
Incorporation — Geographical and Descriptive— Pioneer Settlement
— CiTil List— Societies — Churches — CemeUries — loduotrijs,
Whitney Glass-Works— Temperaoceville Giass-Works

CHAPTER XLII.
Township of GBEKNvvirH.
Geographical and Descriptive— Pioneer Diseases— Pioneer L'^lstoms
—Stock, Grain, and Fruit, and other Notes of Pioneer Life-
Civil List— Villages and Hamlets— raulsbori^-Gibbstown-iiil-
lingsport-Societies— Churches— Methodist Episcopal Cemetery, ;

CHAPTER XLIII.

Township of Habris:'.v.

3— Early Settlers— Civil Oiganiz.ition



Geographical and De

-Township Officeis— Villages and llaiulefc
ferson- Ewansville — Five Points— Harriso
6o — Societies— Ecclesiastical



-Muliica
■n the Wi



Hill- ,Fe(
ir iflSol



Condition of Schools in Different Localitit



CHAPTER XXXIV.
Religious Associations.
Gloucester County Bible Society— Gloucester County Sunday-
-New Jersey Conference Camp Meeting As-



CHAPTER XLIV.
Township op Logan.
Geography and Topography- Landing-Place of the Swedish Set-
tlers— Eariy Settlers and Pioneer Incidents— Pioneer .-poite—
er'slsland— I'ioneer Tradeand Commerce— First iVisun
Weddings — Sexagenarians— Civil Orgauization- First
Town-Meeting— Villages and Hamlets — Bridgeport— Repaupo-



Cadu



School Asso
Bociatiu



Churches..



161



CHAPTER XXXV.

Tempebance in Gloucester County.

Temperance Societies— County Temperance Alliance 164

CHAPTER XXXVI.

Miscellaneous Matters.
Old Names of Creeks-Trial of Singleton Mercer-Manumission of
BI»»e»— Kepaupo Meadow Company— Population 166



CHAPTER XLV.
Township of Manti a.
GeographicalandDescriptive- PioneerSettlers— iMrstTc
ing— Township Officers— Vill.ages—Maiitua-Barnsbo
ties- Churches



Geographical and Desci
dents — In, Out, and In Gloucester O



CHAPTER XLVI.
Township op 3IijNR0E.
riptive — Earlv Settb=rs and Pi.



CONTENTS.



kuni— Civil Oipiniaition—TownsliiiiOllioors—VilI.-.fi>a and H&m-
lpj^_Winiam^towu — Cross-Keys — Hn^jkl\n — Ecclesiastical —
r»meterie3— bocietiM— Inauslries— Willisaistown Glass- Works
—J. V. Sharp Canning Company

CIIAPTKK XLVII.
Township of South H^RRlso^.
Cwgraphical and Topographical— Civil Organization— Villages—
Ilarrisonville — Fairview — Lincoln — Churches

CHAPTER XLVIIL
Township of WA,<aiN0T0X.
r.K'graphical and Ijescriptive— Early Settlors and Pioneer Inci-
deuti-Civil List— Villages and Hamleia— Turnersville— Hurff-
Tille— Churches — Cemeteries -

CHAPTER XLIX.
Towxsuip or 'West Dr.rTroRD.
Descriptive— Early Settlers and Pioneer Incidents— Orpinization
— rirst Town-Meetiug— Townshp Officers— Villages and Ham-
lets-Red Bank— Thoroughfare— St. Paul's Itelhodist Episcopal
iTiurch- Drain-Tile and Brick Works.

CHAPTER L.
Township of Woolwich.
Geographical Description— Topography — Roads — Soil and Agri-
cnlture— Industries- O'd Families— Old Documents— Political
and Civil— Township Offlcers— Retelliou Uistory— Villages and
Hamlets — Swedesboro — Cootstown — Gronnd-Kents— Schools —
pnWic School in Swedesboro — Ecclesiastical— Cemeteries— Hills
— Manufactories — Swedesboro National Rank — Lodges and So-



etiea..



CHAPTER LI.
Township of Clatton.
Erection, Boundary, Population, and Valuation- Topography,Soil,



and Industries— Villages-
Glass- Works— Fisler A Mor
—Old Settlers and Familie:



1— Sloore Brothers'
Glass-Works— Churches— Schools



HISTORV OF SALE.M COUNTY.

CHAPTER LII.
Settlement and Settlep.s.
Early Settlements — Settlement by the English — Settlement by the
Quakers — Pioneer Settlers 316

CHAPTER Liri.

Political Histoet, Oroanization, and Si:b3Evuent Changes of

bocndaeies.
Gloucester County Erected — Cape May County Set Off— Cumber-
land County Incorporated — Townships — Population — Civil List.. 3'21

CHAPTER LIV.

Public Blildi.ngs,
Conrt-Honse Acre Lot— Court-House- Jail— Clerk and Surrogate's
Office — Almshouse 325

CHAPTER LV.
Extracts from Cocet Records 328



CHAPTER LVI.
Early Roads, Meadow Improvements, Navigation.
Navigation on Oldman's Creek— On Alloways Creek- Ou Stow
Creek— On Salem River— Denn's Canal— Penn's Neck Canal

CHAPTER LVII.

Markets and Faies, Boundaev Qdestion, Fi.shinc Biouts.
Trade and Social Condition — Rangers



CHAPTER LVIir.

Agricultfre is Sai.km Coc?rrv. rj

Mart— Eiriy Trade in .\gricu!tural Products— -Agricultural Statij-
tios— Improved .Agricultural Iniplemonts— Stock Raising— Fair?
-.Agricultural Societies — Exporls

CHAPTER LIX.
Bar of Salem Countt.
Biographical Sketches of Attorneys — Lists of -Attorueys — Lists of
Judges and Justices

CHAPTER LX.

MrjitCAL PROFESiioN OF Salem Ccuntt.
Biographical Sketches of Physicians— List of Resident Physicians..

CHAPTER LXI.
Salem Cocntt in the Civil War.
First Volunteers— Johnson Guards- Home Guards— Action of
Connty Authorities

CHAPTER LXII.
The Press, and Education in Salem County

CHAPTER LXIII.
Teaipeevnce in Salem County.

Temperance Societies — Temperance Alliance „

CHAPTER LXIV.
Socteties and Corporation?.
Bible Society — Snnday-School Association — Saleni County Mutual
Fire Insurance Company — Fanners' ^lutuai Fire Insurance
Company of Salem (bounty

CHAPTER LXV.

City of Salem.
Situation and Boundaries — Descriptive — Settlement and Settled —
Organization and Incorporation— Early Officers— Incorr oration
of the City— City Civil List— Growth and Population— Eiura-
tional History— Saleni Library— Salem National Banking Com-
pany— Salem B..ard of Trade- Merchants- Trades— Vessel
Building — Early Manufactures — Tannery — Gia.-?3 Indtistry —
Salem Transportation Ci^mpany — Oil-Cloth Works — Ice-CTeo^i
Manufactory — Carriage ?Liking — Fruit-Canning and Ficltling
Foundry- White Stone Mills— Fire Department and Fire Com-
panies—Water Works— Physicians— Atlovneys-Religioua His-
tory — Lodges, Societies, and Clubs— Lecture Hall— Hotels

CHAPTER LXVI.

Township of Elsinboeo.
Geographical — Topographical and Statistical — Revolutionary His-
tory — Organization — Civil List— Public Schools— Church Hi.s-
tory — Industries

CHAPTER LXVII.
Township of Lower Alloways Creek.
Geographical — Topographiciil and Statistical— Early Setllementand
Original Purchasers — Organization — Civil List — Cemeteries —
Villages and Hamlets- Hancock's Bridge— Harmersville— Can-
ton — Public Schools — Ecclesiastical — Industrial

CHAPTER LXVIII.

TowSfJHiP OF Lower Penn's Neck.
Situation and Boundaries — Descriptive — Original Purchases and
Settlement— Organization — Civil List— Villages and Hamlets—
Pennsville — Harri=on\ilie — Public Schools— Churches— Ceii.<^
tcries— Industrial Pursuits— Fort Delaware and Finn's Point
Battery

CHAPTER LXIX.
TOWN.SHIP or Mannington.
Situation and Boundaries — Descriptive— Settlement and Settle!!, —
Organization— Civil Li=t—Industiial—FertiIizei-s— Villages and
Hamlets— Mannington IIill— Welchville— Ualltown— Mariloro
—ClayBVilie— Acton ;tatiou— Public Schools— The Treadway
Murder — A 3Iastudoii — Cemeteries — Religious



CONTENTS.



CHAPTER LXX.

Township of Oldjian's.

Goopi-HphicAl— P.'srriptiTf and Stntistical— Sett!f?nieiit .in<i Settle

—OrgaDllation— Civil List— Vi;i;igcs an.l Hiinilets— Pf^lriikt o»

— PeiJricklowiiSUitioii— I'crkintown— Five Poiuts— Industrial

Church History — Cemeteries — Societies



CHAPTER LXXI.



Township or P
Geogmphical— Descriptive — Settlemeni
Organization anJ Civil List— riiblii
oughofWoodstown— >l;lnnfactu^er3-
— Stages— Riilronds— Edu,ation;il-



r.nd Settlers— Poll List-
Schools— I luhistrial— Bor-
ilerchants— I'ublic-Uousea
ucor|"iration— Fust Xa-



tiooal Baukof Woodstown
ville — Societies and Assoi
tion— Pilesgrove l>airj- As:



-Sliarptown — Yorketown— Kichmaa-
ations- Pilesgrove Lil.rary Associa-
jciation- Churches— Buriiil-Placeii....



Statistical-
— Organi
Churches



CHAPTER LXXII.
Township of Pittsgrovf.
Geographical — Topographical — Sotllenient and Settlers — Organiza-
tion and Civil List— Churches— Bnrial.pi.ices-Educational—
Villages and Hamlets- Elmer — Ceiitretou — PaUtiue — Brad-
way — Willow Grove — Industrial — Lodges and Societies

CHAPTER LXXIII.

Township of Quinton.
joographical and Dt'Scriptive — Settlement and Settler
ition— Civil List— Public Schools— Quinton's Bridge—
-Quinton Glass- Works — Cemeteries -

CHAPTER LXXIV.
Township of Upper .^lloways Chefk.
Geographical — Topographical and Statistical — Original Settlors and
Settlements— Organization and Civil List— Churches— Villages
and Hamlets— Alloway— Watson's Corners— Freasburg—Stuck-
ingtown — Remsterville — Pentonville — Industrial — Cemeteries —
Lodges

CHAPTER LXXV.

Township of Upper Penn's Neck.
Geographical — Top<.'graphical and Sfcilistical — Organization —
Township Officers— Public Schools— Churches— Penn's Grove
Village — Industrial and Commercial — Lodges and Socieciea-

CHAPTER LXXVr.

Township of Upper Pittsgrove.
Bitnation and Boundaries — Topography and Statistics — Early Land
Purchases and Settlement- Civil List— Scli.iols— Cemeteries-
Villages and Hamlets- Dareto«n— Whig Lane- Pole Tavern—
Monroeville— Swing's Corners— Ecclesiastical— lu.iustrial



CHAPTER LXXXI.

Early History. p

Eariy Names of Townshipi- First Court— TiiTes—T.ivorn Licenses
— Ollicarsof the Precincts

CHAPTER LXXXII.

OaOANIZATION AND BOCXDARIES OF TRE CoUNTY.

Early Action of the Board of FreeholJers-Directors of the BianJ.
CHAPTER LXXXIII.

COINTY BlILMSOS.

Court-House — Second Court-House — Present Court-House — Firsl
Jail— Second Jail— Third Jail— County dffices- Poc.r-House—
Present Almshouse

CHAPTER LXXXtV.

Courts, Jvdges, and Jvstices.
First Courts — Capital Crimes and Executions— Jud;;es of the Court



of Con



. Pleas— Jnsi



i of the Peace



CHAPTER LXXXV.

Cumberland County in the Revolution.

Destruction of Tea at Greenwich — Appointment and .\ct:on of

Committees— E.xtracts from the Journal of E!)ene7.er timer—

Men from Cumberland in the Army— Operations in Delaware

Bay

CHAPTER LXXXVI.

CUMBERl.lND CorSTT IN THE War OF TIE EeBELUOX.

Early Meetings and Formation of Companies — \c*ion of the B-^ard
Action of the Townships— Supplementary List



of Freeholde

of Soldiers from the Countv



CHAPTER LXXXVII.
Bench and Bar.
List of Attorneys in the Coonty— Biographical Notices of Judges
and Attorneys 34^

CHAPTER Lxxxvnr.

Medical Professio.v,
Biographical Sketches of Physicians— Cnmberland County Medical
Society— List of Physicians 355

CHAPTER LXXXIX.

Agriculture.
Primitive Farming— Improved Methods in Agriculture- Cumber-
land County Agricultural and Horticultural Societv o73



Civil Lii



UISTOKV OF CL-MIIEUL.VND COINTY.

CHAPTER LXXyil.
Description.
Streams— Marshes— Soil and Productions- L.nd Titles



CHAPTER XC.
Statistics



498



CHAPTER LXXVIII. |

SOETETS.. - 502

i

CHAPTER LXXIX. j

Early SEmERs. j

Uncertainty concerning Pioneers— English from .-^alem— f.-lllera I

In Greenwich— Settlers from Wales— From Fairli.dd. C,.nn.— !

From Southampton, L. I.— Settlers at Ilrnlgetoo— Swede* on |

Maurice Biver 610 |

CHAPTER LXXX. I

B0AD8.

Btreams and Paths— First nighways— Ovi^rseern First Appointed— j

Eoad from Fairfield to Burlington— Other Uoads iI5



CHAPTER XCI.
City of Bridobton.
Formation and Boundaries— Early History and Growth— Streets—
-House — Post-Office — Sta-es — .■steamboats—
,— G:is-Light



Bridges — Cusl

Presa — Eanks— Mutual Fire Insurance C.

Company— Water- Works — Mills— City Ofiic

Ecclesiastical — Lodges and Societies — Gouldtown I'e

Sketches






CHAPTER XCir.

City of Millvim.e.
Incorporation of the Town.hi,,-IncorrK,ration of the City-Mii:-
ville Laid Out— Pioneer Houses- Early Industries— Growlli of
the Town— Streets— Bridges— Poet-OlHces— Stages and Steam-
boats— Press— Public Schools— Workiiigmcra Institute — Na-
tional Bank-Fire Insurance Company-Gds-LigliVcompa.iv-
Water Conipany_office.-s— City Hall- Ecclesiastical Historv—
Manufactures— Millville Pond and Watei-Power— L^.ngley's



Grist-Mil



CONTENTS.



CHAPTER XCIIl.

Township of Commf.kiial.

Iin-oir*'™''""— I'''*<^'^'P''""— '^'■"'>'""""'— ^''"i'S^-» i*"J Hamlets-
M«iiricetown Biiilge— Lore'a Grist-M ill— Churches

CHAPTER XCIV.
Township of Pefkmeld.
.>rf;anization and Description — ViUupes and llamlcu — Mills-
I'hoeen Freeholders — Churches



CHAPTER XCV.
Township of Dowse.
Incorporation — Soil — Settlement and Growth —Villnges — Egg
Island— Dividing Creek Bridge— Mills— Freeholders— Churches..

CHAPTER XCVI.
Township of Fairfield.
Incorporation — Settlement— Soil— Villages— Mills— Woolen Fac-
tory — Freeholders — Churches

CHAPTER XCVII.

Township of Gbeenwich.

Boundaries^Town of Greenwich — Fairs — School Lot — Tr:ide —
Ferry— Greenwich in 1S83— Hamlets— Sheppard's Grist-Mill—
Freeholders — Churches



CHAPTER XCVIII.
Township or Hopewell. p

Boundaries and Description- Villages— Shiloh— Boadstown— Bow.
entown — Cohausey — Freeholders — Churches

CHAPTER XCIX.

Towns or L.txnis .\xd Bouoit.h of ViNtLiNn.

Incorporation- Soil— Viiiehind Tract— Town of Vineland— i-jirly



Online LibraryThomas CushingHistory of the counties of Gloucester, Salem, and Cumberland New Jersey, with biographical sketches of their prominent citizens (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 95)