Thomas F. Byrnes.

Guide through Mount Auburn. A hand-book for passengers over the Cambridge Railroad. Illustrated with engravings and a plan of the cemetery online

. (page 34 of 36)
Online LibraryThomas F. ByrnesGuide through Mount Auburn. A hand-book for passengers over the Cambridge Railroad. Illustrated with engravings and a plan of the cemetery → online text (page 34 of 36)
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or before leaving them, will be deemed to have tortiously taken them in the grounds, and
will be prosecuted accordingly. N. B. Persons carrying flowers into the Cemetery, to be
placed on any lot or grave, as offerings or memorials, are requested to notify the Gatekeeper
as they pass in ; in every other c^se, flowers brought to the Cemetery must be left without
the gate.

All persons are prohibited from writing upon, defacing and injuring any monument, fence
or other structure, in or belonging to the Cemetery.

All persons are prohibited from discharging firearms in the Cemetery.

The Superintendent of the grounds, the Gatekeeper, and any other person acting under
them, shall have a right to require his or her name from any person other than a proprietor,
or a member of liis family, who shall visit the grounds, and upon his or her refusal, or giving
a false name, to exclude them from the grounds.

The Superintendent, the Gatekeeper, and all other persons acting under them, shall have
full authority to carry these regulations into effect, and shall give notice of any violations
thereof, to the Trustees.

lET^The Superintendent has the care of the Cemetery, and is authorized to remove all
those who violate these regulations or commit tresspasses. Tresspassers are also liable to
be fined Fifty Dollars.

O^^TwBNTY Dollars reward is offered to any person who shall give information to
the Trustees, which shall lead to the conviction of the offender, of any tresspass done by
taking or plucking any flowers, shrubs, or trees, within the grounds, or of otherwise injuring
the grounds, or^f any other offence against the laws and regulations, provided for the pro-
tection of the Cemetery, and the monuments and erections therein.

The Secretary will issue to the proprietors each one Ticket of Admission into the
Cemetery with a vehicle ; the loan oft}ie Ticket involves a forfeiture of this privilege. In
case of a loss of the Ticket, the Proprietor is requested to apply to the Secretary-, from
whom a new one can be obtained. This is necessary, as the Gatekeeper's orders are to
admit no proprietor w^lthout a ticket.

Any person who has a relative interred in the Public Lot at the Cemetery, may, on
application to any Trustee or to the Secretary, receive a special pass into the Cemetery
on Sundays.

Repairs of Monuments and Lots. Any owner of a Lot wishing to have it kept in
perpetual repair, by depositing funds with the Trustees for that purpose, will receive from
them a Deed of Trust for the funds and assume the duties and responsibilities. The interest
on 300 dollars will perpetually keep in repair a lot of 300 feet, with its monument, shrub-
bery and soil ; the interest on 500 dollars is required for a similar sized lot if with a Tomb;
if 100 dollars are deposited, its interest money will be expended for repairs as far as that
will accomplish the purpose.


Firet. The proprietor of ihe lot shall have a right to enclose the same with a wall or fence
not exceeding one foot in thickness, which may be placed on the adjoining laud of the Cor-
poration exterior to the said lot.

Second. The said lot shall not be osed for any other purpose than as a place of burial for
the dead ; and no trees within the lot or border shall be cut down or destroyed, without the
consent of the Trustees of the said Corporation.

Third. The proprietor of the said lot shall have the right to erect stones, monuments, or
sepulchral structures, and to cultivate trees, shrubs and plants in the same.

Fourth. The proprietor of the said lot shall erect, at his or her own expense, suitable land
marks of stone or iron, at the corners thereof, and shall also cause the namber thereof to be
legibly and permanently marked on the premises. And if the proprietor shall omit for thirty
days oAer notice, to erect such land marks and mark the number, the Trustees shall have
authority to cause the same to be done at the expense of said proprietor.

Fifth. If the land marks and boundaries of the said lot shall be eflaced, so that the said
lot cannot with reasonable diligence be found and identified, the said Trustees shall set off
to the said grantee, his or her heirs or assigns, a lot in lieu thereof, in such part of the cem-
etery, as they see fit, and the lot hereby granted shall in such case revert to the Corporation.

Sixth. If any trees or shrubs situated in said lot, shall by means of their roots, branches,
or otherwise, become detrimental to the adjacent lots or avenues, or dangerous or inconve-
nient to passengers, it shall be the duty of the said Trustees for the lime being, and they
shall have the right, to enter into the said lot, and remove the said trees and shrubs, or such
parts thereof as are thus detrimental, dangerous or inconvenient.

Seventh. If any monument or effigy, or any structure whatever, or any inscription be
placed in or upon the said lot, which shall be determined by the major part of the said
Trustees for the time being, to be offensive or improper, the said Trustees, or the major
part of them, shall have the right, and it shall be their duty to enter upon said lot, and re-
move the said ofiensive or improper object or objects.

Eighth. No fence shall at any time be placed or erected in or around any lot, the mate-
rials and design of which shall not first have beeu approved by the trustees or a committee
of them.

Ninth. No tomb shall be constructed within the bounds of the Cemetery except in or upon
lots situated in such parts of the grounds as shall be designated by the Trustees for that
purpose ; mid no proprietor shall sufibr the remains of any person to be deposited in a tomb
60 authorized, for hire.

Tenth. The said lot shall be holden subject to the provisions contained in on act of the
General Court, dated March 31, 1S35, and entiUed, " An Act to iucorporate the Proprietors
of the Cemetery of Mount Auburn."

Note. — The society request that all railings or inclosures of lots may be light, neat and
symmetrical, — that all stones erected in memory of the dead may be marble or granite,—
and that no slabs be placed in the Cemetery. Fences composed in whole or in part of wood
are prohibited.

"There's beauty all around our paths, if but our watchful eyes

Can trace it midst familiar things, and through their lowly guise ;

We may find it where a hedgerow showers its blossoms o'er our way _

Or a cottage-window sparkles forth in the lost red light of day.

Yes ! beauty dwells in all our paths — but sorrow too is there ;

How oA some cloud within us dims the bright, still summer air !

AVhen we carry our sick hearts abroad amidst the joyous things

That through the leafy places glance, on many colored wings.

Wiih shudo\vs from the past, we fill the happy woodland shades,

And a mournful memory of tbe dead is with us in the glades ;

And our dream-like fancies lend the wind an echo's plaintive tone.

Of voices, mid of melodies, and of silvery laughter gone.

They hold us from the woodlark's haunts, and the violet-dingles back,'

And from the lovely sounds and fleams in the shining river's track ;

They bar us fiom our heritagre of spring-lime hope and mirth,

Ajid weigh our burdened spirits down with the cumbering dust of earth."


Beach, from the east aide of Central, southerly, to Poplar Avenue.
Cedar, from the north line of CypresB, southerly, to AValnul Avenue.
Central, fronting the gate, south, to Walnut Avenue.
Chapel, southwest, from Central to Pine Avenue.
Chestnut, from Poplar, southerly, to Mountain Avenue.
Citron, a short avenue, southeasterly, from Oak to Magnolia Avenue.
Cypress, from Central, westerly, curving southerly, to Walnut Avenne.
Elm, westerly, from Pine Avenue, curving round easterly, to the same.
Fir. from the second branch of Elm Ave., southerly, curving easterly to Walnut Av.
Garden, east from the gate, curving to the south, and then to the east again to Maplo Ar.
Larch, southeast from Poplar Avenue, curving northeast, to Maple Avenue.
Laurel, from Walnat Avenue, northerly, and around Laurel hill.
Lime, from Maple, curving round at Aloe path, again into Maple Avenue.
Locust, from Beacli Avenue, southwesterly to Poplar Avenue.
Magnolia, at the southeast of Mountain, to Maple Avenue, curving northerly.
Maple, from the east end of Garden Avenue, southerly, to Magnolia Avenue.
Mountain, all round Mt. Auburn Hill, to Magnolia Avenue, easterly.
Oak, from Willow Avenue, easterly, curving south to Magnolia Avenue.
Pine, from Elm Avenue, southerly, curving to the southeast, into Cypress Avenue.
Poplar, from the northeast of Central square, curving southeast to Larch Avenue.
Spruce, from Elm Av. southerly, curving through Ihewhole western extent of the Cem.
Walnut, west of Central Sq. curving S. westerly, and then to the south into Moun. Av.
Willow, with two branches, the 1st branch from Poplar Av. northeasterly, to Narcissus
Path, then curving easterly for the 2d branch, to the south, to Larch Avenue.


Ailanthus, it haS two openings from Central Aveime, and two also from Cedar Avenue.

connecting with both Avenues.
Alder, from Poplar Avenue, northwest, round southwest to Locust Avenue.
Almond, from Indian Ridge Path, southwesterly, curving into it again at the southeast.
Aloe, " " " " easterly, into Lime Avenue.

Altrea, from Fir Avenue, southerly, to Spruce Avenue.
Amaranth, from Rose Path, encircling Harvard Hill.

Anemone, from Orange Path, near Walnut Avenue, westerly, to Spruce Avenue.
Arethusa, from Walnut Avenue, westerly, to Trefoil Path.
Asclepias, from Spruce Avenue, westerly, to Fir Avenue.
Astor, from Vine Path, southerly, and curving easterly to Ivy Path.
Azalea, southerly from Spruce Avenue, and curving easterly to the same Avenue.
Bellwort, from Orange Path, westerly, to Spruce Avenue.
Calla, from Fir Avenue, southwest, to Pilgrim Path.
Catalpa, from Indian Ridge Path, southerly, curving easterly to the same.
Clematis, from Magnolia Avenue, southeast, curving northerly , to the same avenue.
Columbine, from Spruce Avenue, westerly, to Fir Avenue.
Cowslip, from Walnut Avenue southwesterly, to Spruce Avenue.
Crocus, from Fir Avenue, westerly, curving south, to Spruce Avenue.
Dell, from Ivy Path, southwest, around Consecration Dell, and from thence, through either

of the two southeastern limbs of Dell Path, to Ivy Path again.
Elder, from Walimt Avenue, northwest, to Spruce Avenue.
Eglantine, from Spruce Avenue, southeasterly, winding into Fir Avenue southerly.
Fern, from Wabml Avenue, southeast, to Mountain Avenue.

Gentian, from Pine Avenue, westwardly, curving southeasterly, into Cypress Avenue.
Geranium, from Beech Avenue, southerly, curving into Central Avenue westerly,

and Beech Avenue, easterly.

— , — u^ . ummj »^llJ)HU i l liBUeiUC fa lTl.

Harebell, from Waliiut Avenue, soatherly, to Trefoil Path, westerly.

Hawthorn, from Woodbine Path, and encircles Juniper Hill.

Hazel, from Mountain Avenue, southeasterly, to Ruse PAth, noitheriy.

Heath, from Spruce Avenue, westerly to Fir Avenue.

Heliotrope, from Spruce Avenue, westerly, to Fir Avenue.

Hemlock, from Poplar Avenue, southwesterly, to Ivy Path.

Hibiscus, from Cypress Avenue, curving into the same Avenue again.

Honeysuckle, from Green Brier Path, southerly, curving easterly, into Fir Avenue.

Holly, from Poplar Avenue, south, curving southerly, to Ivy Path.

Hyacinth, from Chapel Avenue, southerly, lo Cypress Avenue.

Iiidian Ridge, from Central Avenue, southeasterly, to Larch and Maple Avenues.

Iris, near Central Square, from Moss to Dell Path, southeasterly.

Ivy, from Central Square, southerly, curvijig round northeasterly, into Woodbine Paitli.

Jasmine, from Chestnut Avenue, westerly, curving south to Hawthorn Path.

Lilac, from the northeast curve of Willow Avenue, northerly, to Indian Ridge Path.

Lily, from Poplar Avenue, southerly, to Woodbine Path, at Cedar Hill.

Linden, from Beech Avenue, easterly, curviug to the south, into Beech Avenue agaia.

Lotus, from Magnolia Avenne, somberly, curving northerly, to the same Av«uue.

Lupine, from Cypress Avenue, northwest, to Spruce Avenue.

Mayflower, from the gate, southeasterly, by the first segment of Garden Pond, to Gar. Av.

Mimosa, from Spruce Avenue, westerly, to Fir Avenue.

Mistletoe, from the westerly curve of Elm Avenue, southeasterly, and curving easterly,

into Fir Avenue.
Moss, from Central Sqtii&re, southwest, curving southwardly to Laurel Avenue.
Myrtle, southerly, from Chestimt Avenue, curving westerly, to Rose Path.
Narcissus Path is all aromid Forest Pond.

Oleander, from Rose Path, easterly, curving southwesterly, to Myrtle Path.
Olive, south from Juniper Hill, curviug westerly, into Myrtle Path.
Orange, from Walnut Avenue, southerly, curving to the same Aveuue.
Orchis, westerly, &om Walnut Avenue, to Tulip Path.

Osier, from the northeast curve of Willow Avenue, east, to Indian Ridge Path.
Petunia, from Larch Avenue, southeasterly, into Oak Avenne.
Pilgrim, from Wabml Avenue, curving southerly, into Snowdrop Path.
Erirnrose, from Central Avenue, southeasterly, around the south side of Garden Pond.
Pyrola, from Orange Path, westerly, to Spruce Avenue.
Rhodoro, from Oak Avenue, southwesterly, into Larch Avenue.
Rose, encircles the whole base of Harvard Hill.

Rosemary, from Jasmine to Hawthorn Path, circling round into, and out of Temple Hill.
Sedge, easterly from Fir Avenue, curving northerly, to Heath Path.
Sorrel, from Spruce Avenue, westerly, curving southwest, to Fir Aveuue.
Suowberry, west of the gate, front Pine Avenee, s'>ntheBsterly,'to Central Avenue.
£uowdrop, westerly from Walnut Avenue, to Pilgrim Path.
Spiroea, from Fir Avenue, southwesterly, to Mistletoe Path.

Sumac, southerly, from Moss, near Central Square, to Violet Path and Laurel Av.
Sweet Brier, from the south of Juniper Hill, souiheaslerly, to Chestnut Avenue.
Thistle, southeast from Wahmt Avenue, curving westerly, to Spruce Aveuue.
Trefoil, southwesterly, from Walnut Aveuue, to Spruce Avepue.
Tulip, westerly, " " " to Trefoil Path.

Terbena, souibeasterly, from Spruce Avenue, to Fir Avenue.

Vine, {near Consecration Dell,) from Moss Path, near Central Square, to Iris Path.
Violet, easterly, from Walnut Avenue, curving northerly, to Ivy Path.
Woodbine, encircles the whole base of Cedar Hill.
Vacrow, of two parts, westerly, from Pine Av. to Fir, curving round to Pine Av. egain.



If appToached from Boston side^ the front line of the Cemetery

is from the East point of the compass to the West, and

OemlUal Aveune, ttoatlae., and from the gate, is from

the North to ti» Sonih.

From the gate, advance in front up Central Ave. and on the left, on an
elevated ^lot is the monument to Sfnarzheim, and a little farther, is the
metal bronzed statue of BowriMtch, in a sitfing posture ; then turn to the
west into Chapel Avenue, and view the beautiful Temple appropriated
to the sanctuary services of the grave : pass on into Pine Avenue, and
ithere are the Shaw and Dorr monuments ; continue Pine Avenue to the
north-west, which leads to Green Brier and Yarrow Paths, and there are
the monuments t« Haughton, Jessenden, Channing, Curtis, Turner,
Bangs, the sculptured child of linney, Dloane, Gosslex, with numerous
■ether pillars and obelisks to meet the eye; after this .examination turn
into Heliotrope and Heath Paths, for Sciilpture off Gaidner's child, mon-
ument to Wm. Appleton, and &e splendid mausdenin of two fronts to
Dr. Binney; pass into Fir Avenue at the west, then turn to the south,
where are the monuments to Torrey, Mrs. N. P. Willis, Bates, Lincoln,
Pickens, and many rf)thers ; pass thtosugh Fir Avenaie to the south,
(OEossiag SftruceAveniue, iCiuving to the aauthieast, and dien turn to the
iaghthand into Walnut Avenue, and at the tight hand, are Elder, Pil-
grim and Snowdrop Paths, on a north-west Mae, and view the sculptured
infant Franfcie, temples of Getting, Miles, Eusli, Foss, Penniman, Shat-
ituok and others : return to Walnut Aveaue and pass through it, curv-
ing to the south, and view the monuments io I£cks, Worcester, Watson
and others : then turn to the left into Mauntadn Avenaie, north-westerly,
and ascend Mt. Auburn's highest mound, 125 feet above the river
Charles, from whence Boston, and the surrounding country may be seen:
Then descend -Mt. Auburn on the south-east, through Hazel
Path, curving round to the north, and pass on to Harvard Hill at the
north-east; here the eye will greet the laausoleums to Andrews, Kiik-
land. Ashman, Hoffman, and officers of Harvard University, and also to
some of the students : descend into Rose Path, at the south-west, which
encircles its base, to the eastward: then turn to the right hand into
Sweet Briar Path, and continue to its south-east termination, and there
b a mausoleum to Coffin ; then turn to the left hand into Chestnut Ave-
nue, and at its junotion^with Hawthorn path, is the Tremont Strangers
Tomb; continue north-west through Hawthorn path which leads to
Cedar Hill,where are the monuments to Hildreth, Appleton and others:
easterly, is Rosemary Path at the base of Temple Hill, where is the
taonument of Z. B. Adams and others.; from thence southwest, round

Cedar Hill, is Ivy Path, which curves round to the north, and at the
end of this branch of it, a little to the v?est, is Consecration Dell, where
are monuments to Stanton, Watts, Waterson, Leverett, Dana, &c.
leave Consecration Dell at its north-west corner, and pass into Vine
Path, crossing Moss Path by the monument to Stearns, on to Central
Square, where are monuments to Hannah Adams, Murray, and others ^
at the north-west of Central Square is Poplar Avenue curving to the
east; and there may be seen mementos, to Warren Colburn, Choate,
Munson, Mrs. Ellis and others ; then turn round to the left into the east-
ern line of Willqw Avenue, curving round into its western line, and
there are obelisks «r mausoiewms to McLdlao, WilUams, Blacking-
ham, Randall, Chamberlain, Thayer, Tuekerman, Mrs. Gannett, Low-
ell, Mason, Howard and others; tearing Willow Avenue at its south-
west corner, turn to the right through Poplar Avenue info Alder Path,
to the north; and see a monument to Wetmore, Greenleaf, and others;
pass into Narcissus Path northerly, around Forest Pond and view the
monuments to Story, Webster, Oxnard, Rich, Durgin, Faxon, Win-
chester and others : at the north curve of Forest Pond is Catalpa
Path, on an east line to Indian Ridge Path, whe<« those to Brinuaer,
Bond, Seaver, Greenleaf, Patterson, Wadswortk, Francis, and others ar«
erected : then return to Catalpa Path west, to Linden Path, near to Beach
Avenue, where are monuments to Tappan, Thaiter, Raymond and
others ; pass through Beach Avenue to the south, where are the mon«i-
ments of Bigelow, Stone, Stevens, Coolidge, Putnam, &o., then turn
round to the nght hand into Central AFenue, where are the moniu-
ments of Harnden, Gibbs, Phelps, Peck, Surges, Abbe, Clary, and the
sculptured watch dog of Perkins : turn to the left hand into Cypress Ave-
nue, where the Bible monument of Gray maybe seen on Hibiscus Path,
and a little south, is the Cogswell monument ; then turn to the left,
easterly, and near the centre of Centrsd Avenue, the monuments of
Hewins, Tisdale, Buckminstei, Clevieland, Lawience, Herwig, and oth-
ers ; continue through Cypress ATsen/ae, ounving to tbe souHb, and ibere
is the Public lot, with numerous shafts and mementos to fiuends, with
a singular horrizontal slab to the memory of M. W. B., and a little
north-west of the Public lot, on Eglantine Path, is the sculptured figure
of Christ, blessing little children.: a little to ^the East lofithat lis &e Ford
Monument, Faith with. the Cross. iReturn through the south part of
Cypress Avenue, where is a monument to Samuel Story, Jr., on Lupine
Path ; then turn round to the left, into Cedar Avenue, leading to the
north, where are monuments to Gridley, Hayw.aj«i, Benjamin, and .oth-
ers ; continue to the right hand through part'of 'Cyjiress Avenue, to Cen-
tral Avenue, passing the statue of Bowditch, and view the monument to
the officers lost in the exploring expedition and others, after which, a
return to llie gate on the north, may be thade direct.


This eraiitent and talented lecturer in the cause of science and hu-
manity, was born on the banks of the Moselle, at Longvich * was edu-
cated at the college of Treves, and destined for tlie church ; but the
war with France, in 1797, dispersed the students, when Spur^heim
went to Vienna, a pupil to Dr. Gall, and became his partner : they com-
menced their lectures on Phrenology, in 1804 : the next year they were
in Germany, teaching the science to academic Professors : in 1807, and
till 1813, in Paris: in 1814, Dr. S. visited England and Scotland; he
tarried there, three years; then returned to Paris, and espoused an ac-
conaplished lady : in 1832 he visited this eofuintry, landed at New York,
and died in Boston, Nov. 10, 1832.

The most expressive tokens of regard and respect, and of mournful
regret, were shown at his decease, by the government of the University
at Cambridge, and an Eialpgy pronounced by Dr. FoUen ; the following
Ode by Rev. John Pierpont, was written for the occasion.

Stranger, there is bending o*er thee

Many an eye wiih sorroiv wet.:
All our stricken hearts deplore Ihee

"Who, that knew thee, can forget?
Wiho forget what thou hast spoken ?

Who, thine eye, — thy noble frame?
But that golden bowl is broken,

In the greatness of thy fame.

Autumn's leaves shall fall and wither,

On the spot where thou shalt rest }
Tisin love we bear thee .thither,

To thy mourning mother's breast :
(For the stores of science brought us,

For the charm thy goodness gave ;
For the lessons thou hast taught us,

Can we give thee but a grave ?

STature's j>riest, how pure and fervent

Was thy vworship at her shrine !
Friend of man, — of God the servant,

Advocate of truth divine, —
Taught and charmed as by no other,

We have been and hope to be ;
But w^hile waiting round Ihee, brother,

For thy light, — 'tis dark with thee ! —

Dark with thee ! noj thy Creator,

All whose creatures and whose lawB
Thou did'st love, — shall give thee greatei

Ligiit than ear.ih^s, as earth withdraws.
To thy God, thy godlike spiiiit

Back w^e give in filial trust ;
Thy, cold clay — we grieve to bear it

To its chamber — but we must.


— „.^„ „„.,„.. ^„, ^^. „. Died March 16, 1838.

The Bowditch Statue is placed about midway on Central Avenue,
at the junction of Central and Chapel Avenues : the figure is of a
Metalic composition (whose weight is about 2500.) representing that
supreme Mathematician in a contemplative, studious, sitting attitude ;
■with his volume of " Mecanique Celeste," on which he rests his right
arm, as if it were fully sufficient for the support of a more important part:
that of mind, talent, industry and character j and beside him is a tome
from his mathematical energies, of equally important contents : — that of
his " AMERICAN NAViGATOB," wherebv most of the ships and floating
crafl on the broad expanse of ocean, which covers 3-5ths of the earth, are
guided and directed safely to their destined port, if the elements of
nature permit : — and next to that, is the Globe over which he traversed
as a navigator many years ; and which furnished his gigantic mind with
the only basis for his immortal productions, and caused him to out-reach
every one of his age in the abstruse yet sublime study of mathematics :
to become President of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and
to be invested VTith the collegiate degree of Doctor of Laws ; — and yet,
he set out in life with a common school education, and was brought up
as a sailor boy from the port of Salem, Mass. ; he removed to Boston in
1823, and died at the age of 65 years.

" I've lost a day ! " The Prince who nobly cried,
Had been an Emperor wiihout hia crown.
So should all speak ; so reason speaks to all ;
Time, the supreme ! Time is Elentily ;
Pregnant with all eternity can give I
Who murders time, but crushes in the bud
A power etherial, only not adored."

" Be wise to-day : 'lis madness ta defer:
Next day llie fatal precedent will plead :
Thus on, till wisdom is push'd out of life.
Procrastination is the thief of time ;

Online LibraryThomas F. ByrnesGuide through Mount Auburn. A hand-book for passengers over the Cambridge Railroad. Illustrated with engravings and a plan of the cemetery → online text (page 34 of 36)