Thomas Hartwell Horne.

An introduction to the critical study and knowledge of the Holy ..., Volume 3 online

. (page 111 of 114)
Online LibraryThomas Hartwell HorneAn introduction to the critical study and knowledge of the Holy ..., Volume 3 → online text (page 111 of 114)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


among the Jews, 140, 141.

Sepuarad, a country or place where
some €>f the Jewish captives dwelt. In the
Latin Vulgate, it is rendered Botphorut;
in the S>riac and Chaldee versions, and by
xnodern Hebrew commentators, it is ren-
dered Spmti. Both these explanations,
says Gesenius, are undoubtedly false ; but
nothing more certain can be substituted in
their place.

Sepharvaim, a small district or state
governed by its own king (2 Kings xix.
13. Isa. xxxvii. 13.), and most probably
situated in Mesopotamia. When Sbalma-
neser, king of Assyria, carried the Is-
raelites into captivity from Samaria be-
yond the Euphrates, he sent a colony
thither, among which were the Sepharvaim.
(2Kingsxvii. 24. 31.)

Sepulchres of the Jews, account of,
564—568.

Sepulture, rites of, 560 — 564.

Serab, nature of, 75. and note '.

Sergius Paulus, the Roman proconsul

or governor of Cyprus, who was led by

the preaching of raul and Barnabas to

embrace the Christian faith. (Acts xiii. 7.)

3a 4



Digitized by



Google



"^28



Biographical^ Historical, and



SE

Serpbnt, Brasen, worshipped by the
Jews, 369.

Servants, different kinds of, mentioned
in the Scriptures, 463, 464. How hired
and paid in Judsa, 461.

Sbth, the son of Adam and Eve, and
father of Enos, was bom after the death of
Al>el. He lived 912 years. His posterity,
who were distinguished from the descend-
ants of Cain by the appellation of "the
sons of Ood," preserved the patriarchal
religion in its purity until the time of the
deluge, after which it was transmitted by
the race of Shem. (1 Chron. i. 1. Luke
iii. 1. Gen. iv. 25. v. 3. vi. 2.)

Shadow or Death, Valley of, notice
of, 72. note •.

Shaluanbsbr or Salmaneser, king of
Assyria. See Assyria, p. 627. col. 2.

Sharon, Vale of, notice of, 65.

Shaveh, Valley of, notice of, 62.

Shbba, probably the Saba of the Greek
geographer Strabo, was a region situated
towards the southern part of Arabia at a
distance ftom the coast of the Red Sea.
The queen of Sheba who visited Solomon
(1 Kings X. 2 Chron. ix.) appears to
have been the sovereign of this re^on.
The tradition of her visit has maintained
itself among the Arabs, who call her Balkis,
and affirm that she became the wife of
Solomon. In Matt. xii. 42. she is said to
have come from the uttermost parts of the
earthy to indicate (according to the Jewish
idiom) that Sheba was a remote country
from Judaea.

Shechem. See Sichem, p. 729. infra.

Sheep-husbandry of the Jews, 488,489.

Shbm or Sem, the second son of Noah.
(Gen. V. 32.) According to the genealo-
gical table in Gen. x. the nations in south-
western Asia, as the Persians, Assyrians,
Syrians, Hebrews, and part of the Ara-
bians, were descended from him.

Shemer, the name of the possessor of
the mountain on which the city of Sama-
ria was erected by Omri king of Israel, to
whom he sold that territory for two talents
of silver. From the circumstance of that
city beine called after his name, as well
as from the very small sum given by way
of purchase-money, it has been conjectured
that Shemer made it one of the conditions
of sale that his name should be given to
the new city. As the law of Moses pro-
hibited the irredeemable cession of estates,
and as Shemer's name is mentioned with-
out any notice of its genealogy, it , is not
improbable that he was descended from
the Canaanites, whom the Israelites had
not been able to expel.



8H

Shbmonbh Esrah, or Jewish prayen,
285^288.

Shenir, Mount, 57.

Shepherds, duties of, 469.

Sheshach, another name for Babvlon
(Jer. XXV. 26. li. 41.) This is evident from
the connection ; but the derivation of the
word is obscure. Calmet supposed She-
shach to be a Pagan idol, worshipped at
Babylon ; and that Jeremiah gave to that
city the name of its tutdar deity.

Shbwbrbad, 321. Table of, 267.

Shibm AH or SiBMA, a city belonging to
the tribe of Reuben (Numb, xxxii. 38.
Josh. xiiL 19.) The vine was cultivated
here. (Isa. xvi. 8, 9.) The Moabttes tcM>k
possession of this city after the destruo^
tion of the kingdom of Israel. (Jer. xlviiil
32.)

Shields of the Hebrews, and of the
Romans, 230, 231. 248. note *.

Shield-bearers, office of, 231.

Shiloh, a celebrated city in the tribe of
Ephraim, where the people assembled,
(Josh. xviiL I.) to set up the tabemade of
the congregation, which continued there
until the time of Eli. (I Sam. iv. 3.) It
was situated, most probably, at Sedon or
Seiloun, on the east side of the high road
from Bethel to Schechem and on the south
of Lebonah. (Rev. R, W. Cory, in •* Pro-
ceedings of the Royal Society of litera-
ture," vol. i. No. 10. p. 149.) Consider-
able ruins of ancient Shiloh still remain.
(Robinson's Bibl. Res. vol. iii. pp. 85, 86.
Wilson's Lands of the Bible, voL ii. pp.
294, 295.)

Shinar, the territory of Babylon. (Gen.
X. 10. xi. 2. xiv. 1. Isa. xL 11. Dan. i. 2.
Zech. V. 11.) The boundaries of this
country are defined in Qen. x. 10., and de-
pend on the interpretation riven to the
names of cities mentioned in wat verse.

Ships, of the ancients, notice of, 62S«-
530.

Shishak, a king of Egypt who was
contemporary with Solomon and Rebo-
boam. See Egypt, p. 651 — 660.

Shoes or Sandals, of the Hebrews^
433.

Shoterim, office of, 93.

Shunem, a city of the tribe of Issacbar.
(Josh. xix. 18. 2 Sam. xxviiL 4.) Here
the prophet Elisha was hospitably enter-
tained by a benevolent woman; whose
son dying, he miraculously restored him to
life. (2 Kings, iv.) According to Euse-
bius, there was a place called Sulem (b^ a
commutation of / and n) five Roman miles
south of Mount Tabor. Shunem is now
called Sofam ; it is a small and dirty village^



Digitized by



Google



Geographical Lhetionary.



729



8H

ijing upon a deq) slope, with a small foun-
tain, hardly sufficient for the wants of the
inhabitants. (Robinson's Bibl. Res. vol.
ni. p. 169. Dorr's Notes of Travel, p. 255.)
. OHUR (now called JDjfofitr), Wilderoess
of, notice of, 71.

Shushan, the capital of Susiana, a pro«
Tince of Elam or Persia, which Daniel
terms the palace (viit 2.), because the
Cbaldsan monarchs had a royal palace
bere. After Cyrus, the kings of Persia
were accustomcxi to pass the winter there,
and the summer at Ecbatana. The winter
was very moderate at Shushan, but the
beat of the summer was so great, that the
▼eipr lizards and serpents, if surprised by
it m the streets, are said to have been
burned up by the solar rays. This city
atands on the river Ulai, or Choaspes. In
this city, and on this river, Daniel had the
vision of the ram with two horns, and the
goat with one horn, &c. in the third year
of the reign of Belshaizar (Dan. viii. 1 — ^3.
&c.), A. M. 3447. B. c. 557. In this city
of Shushan, the transactions took place
which are related in the book of Esther.
Here Ahasuerus, or Darius the son of
Hystaspes, generally resided and reigned.
(Esth. 1. 1, 2. 5. &c.) He rebuilt, enlarged,
and adorned it. Nehemiah was also at
Shushan, when he obtained from king
Artaxerxes permission to return into
Judsra, and to repair the walls of Jeru-
salem. (Neb. i. 1.) Benjamin of Tudela,
and Abulfaragius, place the tomb of Daniel
at Chuzestan, which is the antient city of
Shushan; and a tomb is still shown to
travellers, as the tomb of the prophet.
Dr. Lightfoot says, that the outward gate
of the eastern wall of the temple was
called the gate of Shushan ; and that
upon this gate was carved the fisure
(more prob&lv the arms or insignia) of
Shushan, in acknowledgment of the decree
there granted by Darius son of Hystaspes,
which permitted the rebuilding of the
temple. The site of this once noble me-
tropolis of the antient sovereigns of Persia
is now a mere wilderness ; no human
being residing there excepting one poor der
Tise, who keeps watch over the supposed tomb
of the prophet Daniel See an account of the
ruins and the present state of Shnsan, in Sir
R K. Porter's Travels in Georgia, Persia, &c
▼ol. it pp. 411—418. ; and especially in Mr.
Loflas's Chald«a and Sosiana, pp. 343—415.

SiCARii, or assassins mentioned in the
New Testament, notice of, 405.

SicHBM, Sychar, or Shechem, a city
in the allotment of the tribe of Benjamin,
' which Jacob bought a field which he



81

gave to Joseph, who was buried there.
(Gen xlviii. 22. Josh. xvii. 7. xxiv. 32.
Acts vii. 16.) In its vicinity was Jacob's
well or fountain, at which Jesus Christ
conversed with a woman of Samaria.
(John iv. 5.) After the ruin of Sanuuia
b^ Shalmaneser, Shechem became the ca-
pital of the Samaritans, a remnant of
whose sect, now reduced to one hundred
and ninety-five souls, still resides there.
It is about forty miles north of Jerusalem.
Shechem stands in a delightfiil situation at
the foot and on the lowest slope of Mount
Gerizim, and is "embowered in groves
of the richest verdure — figs, multwrries,
olives ; one solitary palm tree towering
over them ; and hedges of the prickly pear,
with its fantastic boughs and yellow blos-
soms, guarding every plantation." (Lord
Lindsay's Letters ftx>m Egypt, &c, [in
18371 voL ii. p. 74.) This pUice is now
called Napoloee, or Nablous (a corruption
of its Greek name Neapolis) : contiguous
to it lies a vall^, which opens into a plain
watered by a miitful stream, that rises
near the town. This is universally allowed
to be the pmrcel of a JiM mentioned by
Saint John (iv. 5.) which Jacob bought ai
the hand of the c/Mren of Hamor, (Gen.
xxxiii. 19.) Dr. Clarke (Travels, vol. iv.
pp. 260 — 280. 8vo.) has given a minute
account of the antiquities of Shechem, as
they appeared in the beginning of the pre-
sent century: but the most recent and
copious descriptions are those of Prof. Ro-
binson (Bibl. Res. vol. iiL pp. 96 — 146.),
and of Dr. A^ilson (Lands of the Bible,
voL ii. pp. 45 — 70.) The few Samaritans
who still reside here rigidly follow the
religion of their ancestors.

Sick, healing of, why deemed unlawful
by the Jews, on the Sabbath-day, S27«
Treatment of, 547, 548. See Diseases.

SiDDiM, Vale of, notice of, 62.

SiDON, of ZiDON, a celebrated city of
Palestine, reputed to have been founded
by Sidon, the eldest son of Canaan, from
whom, according to Josephus, it derives
its name ; but other authorities derive the
name Sidon from the Hebrew or Syrian
word T\'VH (TstorH), which signifies fish-
ing. If the primitive founder was a fish-
erman, the two accounts mav be easily
reconciled. Joshua (xi. 8.) calls it Sidon
the Greats by way of eminence ; whence
some have taken occasion to .say, that in
his time there were two Sidons, a greater
and a less : but no geographer has men-
tioned any other Sidon tnan Sidon the
Great. Joshua assigned Sidon to the tribe
of Asher (Josh. xix. 28.), but this tribe



Digitized by



Google



tso



Bi^aphicaly Historicaly and



61

cotdd nerer get possession of k. (Judg.
i. 31.) It is situated on the Mediter-
ranean, one day's journey from Paneas, or
from the fountains of Jordan, in a fine
level tract of land, the remarkably simple
air of which suits with that touching por-
tion of the Gospel, which records the
interview of Jesus Christ on this very
Bitot -^ the coattt of Tyre and 5S(/<m — with
tne Syro-Phoenician woman. (Matt. xv.
21—28. Mark viL 24— 30) Abulfeda
places it sixty-six miles from Damascus.
This city has been always famous for its
great trade and navigation. Its inhabitants
were the first remarkable merchants in the
world, and were very early eelet^ated on
account of their luxury ; for, in the days
of the judges of Israel, the inhabitants of
Laish are said to have dwelt careless and
secure after the manner of the Zidonians.
(Judg. xviii. 7.) The men of Sidon beine
great shipwrights, were particularly emi-
nent, above all other nations, for hewing
and polishing timber, there being none
who were thUed how to hew timber Uke the
Sidomans, (1 Kings v. 6.) All the ras^-
nificence of ancient Sidon is gone ; for
God hat exectded judgments in her (Ezek.
zxviii. 22.), as a punishment for the great
wickedness and worldliness of her wealthy
merchants. Again and again have its
inhabitants bem judged in the midst <>f
her btf the sword on every side, • . • The
city and the sea that once bred its wails
now lament the want of its once crowded
and stirring population. It no nore can
boast of a king. All the kings of Zidon
have been made to drink the wine cup of
GotTsfury^ even as it was foretold. (Jer.
XXV. 22.) Her eminent merchants, stir-
ring population, and the crowded fleets
of her harbour have long since disnp-
peared, as Isaiah had predicted (xxiii. 4.)
[Scottish Mission to the Jews, p. 256.
Journal of tiie Malta College Deputation
to the East, (part i. p. 257. J] This place
is now called Seide or Smde: its port is
■mall, and nearly filled up with the accu-
mulation of mud. (Irby s and Mangles*
Travels, p. 201.) The population is said
to be about five or six thousand souls,
principally Mohammedans and Greek Ca-
tholics : there are also 350 or 400 Jews.
(Wilson's Lands of the Bible, vol. ii.
p. 213. Van de Velde's Narrative, vol. i.
p. 88.^ The city, as it exists at present,
rises immediately from the strand; and,
when seen from a slight distance, pre-
sents a rather imposing appearance. The
interior, however^ is most wretched



91

and gloomy ; the houses are old, and the
streets are narrow, crooked, and dark,
being arched oset in many places. The
bazaars and markets are poor and badly
supplied. " About half-way between Saide
(or ^idon) and Sour (or Tvre) are very
extensive ruins of towns which once con-
nected the^ two cities ; but of these niina
there is now scarcely one stone left upon
another. They consist chiefly of lines
which show, rased even with the soil, the
foundation of houses — many stones ir-
regularly scattered — a few cisterns with
haU^efaced sculpture on them ; and, at «
considerable distance from the path, there
are at one spot several low columns either
mutilated or considerably sunk in the earth.
These reli<^ues show, what it needed indeed
no such evidence to prove, that in peace-
able and flourishing times, on this road
between two such considerable cities as
Tyre and Sidon, there must have been
many smaller towns for business, pleasure,
and agriculture, deiishtfully situated by the
sea^side; but peaceful security has long
been a blessing unknown to these regions ;
and we may apply to them the language of
Judges V. 7., The villages cetued; they ceased
in Israel" (Jowett? Christ. Researches
in Syria, pp. 129, 130.)

Sieges, how conducted, 234.

SiGNSTS, notice of, 433.

SiHON, a king of the Amorites, who re-
fused a passage through his territories to
the Hebrews ; and, coming to attack them,
was himself slain. (Numb. xxi. 21.)

SiHOR, River, 43.

Silas or Silvanus (the former name
being a contraction of the latter), an emi*
nent Christian teacher, who was Saint
Paul's companion in his journeys through
Asia Minor and Greece.

SiLOAM, Fountain or Pool of, 28. Just
over against this pool, near the bottom of
the valley, through which its waters flow
with an almost imperceptible current, and
on the slope of a lofly mountain on the
opposite side, b a village called Siloa or
SiLOAM : it has a miserable aspect, many
of the habitations being sepulchral, or
caverns excavated out of the rock, and the
rest very meanly built houses and dilapi-
dated stone huts ; though it once could
boast the palace of Pharaoh's daughter
and Solomon's queen. The population is
said not to exceed 200 persons. In this
village the living have ejected the dead,
and there are as many dwelling in tombs
as in houses. Their practice of living in
tombs cut in the sides of the rock maj



Digitized by



Google



Geographical Dictionary.



731



81

illustrate the narrative in Matt. viiL 28*
(Jowett's Researches in Syria, p. 262.
Three Weeks in Palestine, p. 45. Black-
burn's Hand-Book round Jerusalem, p. 13.
Lynch's Expedition to the River Jordan,
&c.. p. 417.)

Simon or Simson, the name of several
persons mentioned in the Old and New
Testaments ; of whom the following are
the most remarkable: —

1. Simbon, the second son of Jacob and
Leah : he was the head of one of the twelve
tribes ; for the limits of whose allotment,
see p. 12.

2. SiMBOH, one ofthe ancestors of Jesus.
(Luke iii. 30.)

3. Simeon, a pious Jew, who took the
infant Jesus in his arms, and blessed him
in the temple. (Luke iL 25 — 34.) He
is supposed by many to be the same with
Shammai, Sa/iiciCt mentioned by Josephus
(Ant. lib. XV. c. 1. $ 1. and x. 4.); and
also the same mentioned in the Talmud, as
the father of Gamaliel. (Robinson's Gr.
Lex. voce Sv/i<«#v.)

4. Simon, sumamed Peter, who was also
called Simon Bar-Jona. See Pstbr, p. 7 1 1 .

5. Simon, sumamed the Canaamte (per-
haps because he was a native of Cana in
Galilee), and also Zelotes or the Zealous,
probably because he had been of the
Zealots. (See p. 405. for a notice of
their principles.) He is supposed to have
been the brother of James the Less and
Jude : the particulars of his life are un-
known.

6. Sim otf, sumamed the Cyrenean, from
Cyrene in Libya (where many Jews were
settled), who was compelled to assist in
bearing the cross of Jesus. (Matt, xxvii.
32.) Why he was so compelled, see p.
182. mpra,

7. Simon, sumamed Bar^ettu, a sor-
cerer. (Acts viii. 9. IS.) See Bar-JBf us,
p. 636.

Sin.

1. A strong dty in Egypt (Ezek. xxx.
15, 16.) according to Jerome, Pelusium :
it was situated on the eastern boundary of
Egypt, and was defended by the swamps
which lay around it.

2. Desert of Sin, a part of Arabia De-
serta, towards Egypt, between Elim and
Mount Sinai. (Exod. xvL 1. xviL 1.
Xumb. xxxiii. 12.)

Sin-offerings, notice of, 319. Were,
in certain cases, in the nature of punish-
ments, 165.

Sinai.

L Dbsbrt of Sinai* 72.



SM

2. Mount Sinai, a mountain in Arabia
Petraea, where the law wa8 given. It had
two summits ; one, called Horeb, or the
Mount of God (Exod. iii. I.), when he ap-
peared to Moses in a flame of fire in a busn.
(See HoREB. p. 678. col. 2.) This Uoreb
is therefore called Sinai by 8aint Stephen.
(Acts vii. 30.) Mount Sinai is an enormous
mass of blackened perpendicular rocks
from six to eight hundred feet in height.
It is the highest of a chain of mountains
called by the Arabians Djibl Moosa (or
the mountains of Moses), and which re-
(^uires a journey of several days to go en-
tirely round it. At the southern base of
Sinai a valley has been discovered, which
some consider as the place occupied by
the Israelites at the givincr of the law.
For a full description of Sinai, see Prof.
Robinson's BibL Researches, vol. i. pp.
140 — 178, compared with Dr. Wtlsi)n*s
Lands ofthe Bible, vol. i. pp 214—228.

SiNiM, a land very distant irom Pales-
tine. From the context of Isa. xlix. 12.
it appears to have been situated towards
the south or east. Some expositors have
supposed it to be Pelusium or Syene ; but
these are only cities, and not suffidentlv
remote. It were better (says Gesenius)
to understand it of an eastern country,
perhaps China / of the name of which the
Hebrews may have heard, as wdl as of
Scytbia and India.

Sias or SiRiON, a naatie of Mount Hbr*
MON, 57.

SiVAN or SicvAN, the third month of
the ecclesiastical year of the Jews ; and
the ninth of their civil year. For a no-
tice of the festivals, &c., m thia mon^, see
p. 199.

Slaybs, bow acquired, 456. Their con-
dition and treatment among the Hebrews,
457, 458.) and heathens, 459, 460. Expla-
nation of customs relating to them men-
tioned in the New Testament, 461—463.
Different kinds of, 463, 464.

Slaving with the sword, -a Jewish pun-
ishment, 170.

Slings of the Hebrews, notiee of, 23&

Smyrna, a city of Asia Minor, was situ-
ated between forty and fort^-five miles to
the north of Ephesus, of which city it was
originally a colony. It was antiently fre*
(]uented by great numbers of Jews, and it
is now celebrated for the number, wealth,
and commerce of the inhabitants. Its
population is estimated at about 150,000
mhabitants ; of whom 35,000 are Greeks,
4,500 Armenians, 9,000 or 10,000 Jews,
2,000 Franks, and the remainder are Turks



Digitized by



Google



732



Biographical^ Historical^ and



SO

or other Asiatic Mohammedans. The
stadium, where Polycarp bishop of Smyrna
suffered martyrdom, a. d. 167, still exists :
and there are ruins of a theatre, and some
remains of the ancient wall which sur-
rounded the city. ("Scottish Mission to
the Jews, pp. 342, 343. Wilson's Lands
of the Bible, vol. iL p. 425.) In July, 1845,
a large portion of Smyrna was destroyed
bv a calamitous fire. The Angel of the
church of Smyrna, addressed in the second
apocalyptic epistle, is supposed to have
been Polycarp, the disciple of St. John, by
whom he was appointed bishop of Smyrna.
As he ailerwards suffered, being burnt
alive at Smyrna, ▲. d. 167, the exhortation
in Rev. ii. 10. would be peculiarly calcu-
lated to support and encourage him. The
condition of the Christians residing here is
said to be better than in any of the sites
of the seven churches mentioned in the
Apocalypse ; as if the promise was still in
some measure made good to Smyrna.
Fear none of thote things which thou thalt
staffer. Be thou faithful unto deaths and I
vfiU give thee a crown of Ufe. (Rev. iL
10.)

So, an Egyptian king, contemporary with
Hoshea, with whom he formed an alliance.
See Egypt, p. 638. iwprd*

SoDou, the chief of the Pentapolitan
cities, or five cities of the plain, gave the
name to the whole land. It was burnt,
with three other cities, by fire from heaven,
for the unnatural lusts of their inhabitants,
the truth of which is attested by numerous
heathen writers. Sea of Sodom, 47 — 49.

Soldiers (Jewish), levies of, how
made, 219 — 221. Mosaic statutes con-
cerning them, 222. How commanded,
223, 224. Their encampments, 226>-228.
Their pay and training, 225. Arms of,
229—234.

Soldiers (Roman), allusions to the
officers, armour, and discipline of, 245 —
252. Their treatment of Jesus Christ,
180. They watched at the execution of
criminals, 185, 186.

Solomon, die son of David and Bath-
sheba, and the third king of Israel, re-
nowned for his wisdom and riches, and for
the magnificent temple which he caused to
be erected at Jerusalem. The commence-
ment of his reign was characterised by
piety and justice ; but afterwards he aban-
doned himself, through the influence of his
heathen wives, to sross and shameful
idolatry. Temple of, 250, 251. Extent
of his dominions, 13, 14. His commerce,
503, 504. He died B. c. 975, after a reign
of forty yean.



ST

Solomon's Pools, notice of, 53.

Solomon's Porch, notice of, 264.

Sons, education o^ 452. Parental an-
thority over them, 453.

Sorcerers, notice of, 389.

SoRBK, a valley situated between As-
kelon and Gaza, through which flowed the
brook or torrent of the same name. It
was celebrated for its yery fine grapes.
Delilah, the mistress of Samson, dwelt
in a small town near Sorek. (Judg.
xvi. 4.)

Sosthenbs, a chief ruler of a synagogue
at Corinth. (Acts xviiL 17.) Concern-
ing the interpretation of which passage the
learned differ greatly. Some suppose him
to have been at that time an enemy to the
apostle Paul, and his accuser, though sub-
sequently a convert to the Christian faith ;
and that he was beaten by the unbelievini^
Greeks, in consequence of the opinioQ
given by the judge, and because he had
troubled the proconsul with so impertinent
an affair. Others are of opinion, that, at
this time, he fiivoured Christianity, and
suffered on that account, the Greeks beat-
ing him at the instigation of the unbeliev-
ing Jews. However this may have been,
Sosthenes afterwards joined with Saint
Paul in sending the first epistle to the
Corinthians. (Biscoe on the Acts, yoL L
p. 417.)

Spain, an extensive region of Europe,
which anciently comprehended the country
forming the modem kingdoms of Spain
and Portugal In the time of Saint Paul
it was frequented by Jews, and was sub-
ject to the Romans. In Rom. xv. 24. 28.
he expresses his intention of visiting Spain ;
but it does not appear that be was able to
fulfil- his design.

Spears of the Hebrews, notice of, 233.

Spoil, how distributed by the Jewi^
243,244^

Sports, military, of the Jews, 533^
Gymnastic sports, 533, 534.

Staff, divination by, 389.

Stage, allusions to, 534. 538.

Stephanas, one of the principal Chris-
tians at Corinth, whom Saint Paul bapdxed



Online LibraryThomas Hartwell HorneAn introduction to the critical study and knowledge of the Holy ..., Volume 3 → online text (page 111 of 114)