Thomas Hartwell Horne.

An introduction to the critical study and knowledge of the Holy Scriptures online

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new fortifications; and various buildings,
both for habitation and defence, were
erected in the mountains of Judah. After
a reign of sixtean years he died, much
regretted by his people, and was interred
in the sepulchres of tne kings, b. c. 742.

JuBAL, the son of Lamech and Adah :
he was the father of aU such as handle the
harp and organ, (Gen. iv. 21.) In other
terms, he was the inventor of musical

Digitized by


Geographical Dictionary.



instraments. By comparing his discoveries
with those of Jabal, the institutor of the
nomadic life, and of Tubal- Cain, the in-
strucior of every artificer m brass and iron,
we may perceive how soon the agreeable
followed the useful arts.

JuBiLBB, Feast of, how celebrated, 348.
Was a proof of the divine legation of
Moses, 349. Reason and design of the
law concerning the Jubilee, 349, 350.


1. JuDAH, the fourth son of Jacob and
Leah, gave his name to the most numerous
of the tribes of Israel ; for the limits of the
canton assigned to which, see P- 13. At
the time of the revolution under Rehoboam
and Jeroboam, this tribe also gave its
name to that part of the kingdom of Israel
which continued faithful to the house of

2. Dbsbrt op Judah, account o( 72.

3. Kingdom of Judah, 14. Causes of
its duration for a longer time than the
kingdom of Israel, 117 — 120.

4. Land op Judah, notice of, 3.

5. Mountains op Judah, notice o( 60.
JuDJSA, Country of, 16..

Judas : —

1. Judas, sumamed Iscariot (Heb. (^K
TW^f Ish KaRioTH), that is, a man of
Ranoth or Carioth, one of the apostles of
Jesus Christ. He seems to have possessed
the full confidence of his fellow-apostles,
by whom he was entrusted with all the
presents which were made to them, and
with all their means of subsistence : and,
when the twelve were sent out to preach
and to work miracles, Judas appears to
have been among them, and to have re-
ceived the same powers. He was accus-
tomed, however, even at that time, to
appropriate part of the common stock to
his own use (John xii. 6.), and at length
sealed his infamy by betraying his Lord
for money to the Jews. Judas perished
miHerably, being driven by remorse to hang
himself; but the cord broke, and he fell
(probably from some elevated place) with
such violence as to rupture the abdomen,
and dash out his intestines upon the
ground. (Matt, xxvii. 5. Acts i. 18.)

2. Judas, a Christian teacher, also called
BarsabaSf who was sent from Jerusalem to
Antioch with Paul and Barnabas. Judas
and Silas are termed prophets as well as
Agabus: which title is given them in a
two-fold sense, as zealous preachers of the
Gospel, and as ministers of Ood, who were
divinely inspired, according to the exigen-
cies of the church, to predict future eveotA :
(Acts XV. 22. 27. 32.)



3. Judas, sumamed the Galilean in
Acts V. 37. and also by Josephus (Ant.
Jud. lib. xviii. c. 1. $ 6. xx. c. 5. 6 2. Bell.
Jud. lib. ii. c. 8. § 1.), who further calls,
him a Gaulonite (Ant. Jud. lib. xviii. c. 1.
§ 1.), was bom at Gamala, a city of Lower
Gaulonitis, near the south-eastem shore
of the lake of Tiberias. In company with
one Sadok or Sadducus, he attempted to
excite a sedition among the Jews, but was
destroyed by Quirinus, at that time go-
vernor of Syria and Judsa.

4. Judas or Judb, one of the apostles,
also called Lebbeus and Thaddeus, the
son of Alpheus and Mary, own brother of
James the Less and cousin of our Lord.
He was author of the epistle which bears
his name.

5. Judas Maccabeus, son of Matta-
thias, whom he succeeded in the office of
captain of the Jews, during the persecution
of Antiochus Epiphanes. (1 Mace. iii. 1.)
After performing many heroic and glorious
actions, he at length fell nobly in the field
of battle, in an engagement with the Syrian
army under the command of Bacchides,
the general of Demetrius, the successor of
Antiochus. (1 Mace. ix. 18.)

Judges of the Israelites, powers and
functions of, 98. Judges appointed by
Moses, powers of, 96. Tombs of the
Judges, 565. note ^.

Judicature (Jewish), courts of, and
proceedings therein, 131 — 1 42.

Judicature (Roman), account of, 142

Julia, a female Christian at Rome,
who is supposed to have been the wife of
Philologus. (Rom. xvi. 15.) It is not
improbable that she was a freed-woman of
the family of the Csesars.

Julius, a centurion of the Augustan
cohort, who conducted Paul to Home,
and treated the apostle with great courtesy
and humanity. (Acts xxvii.)

JuNiAS or JuNiA, a Jewish Christian,
who is supposed to have been the wife of
Andronicus. (Rom. xvi. 7.)

Jupiter, the supreme god of the ancient
Greeks and Romans. He had a temple in
the suburbs of Ltstra (which see).

Justice, seat of, 131. Summary jus-
tice, when clamorously demanded, 140.

Justus : —

1. The sumame of Joseph-Barsabas,
who was one of those nominated to be an
apostle. (Acts i. 23.) See Bars ah as.

2. A Christian at Corinth, who hospi-
tably received St. Paul. (Acts xviii. 7.)

3. Justus, also called Jesus, appears to
have been known to the Jews by th0


Digitized by



Biograpkkal, HiitartMlf and


former name, and to the Romani by the
latter. He was a Jew by descent, and the
friend and coadjutor of St« Paul. (Col. iv.

Jyar, the eighth month of the civil year
of the Jews ; and the second of their
ecclesiastical year. For a notice of the
festivals, &c. occurring in this month, see
p. 198.

Kadbsh, or KADmsB'BjaLNEAf a city
celebrated for several events. It belonged
to the tribe of Jndah. Here Miriam, the
sister of Moses, died (Numb. xx. 1.), and
the Israelites murmured against Ood.
(xxvii. 14.) In the fourth century, the pre-
tended sepulchre of Biiriam was shown.
Prof. Robmson has ascertained the site of
this station to be at the place now called
El-Weibeh, where there is a fountain in
all respects corresponding to that which in
the Old Testament is called En-Mishpat.
(Bib. Res. vol. ii. pp. 582— ,584.)

Kadmonitbs, ancient inhabitants of the
land of Canaan, who dwelt beyond the Jor-
dan, to the east of Phoenicia, about Mount
Lebanon. (Qen. xr, 19.) They derived
their name n*om their eastern situation.

Ran AH, Brook of, 43. Town, see

Karioth or Kbrioth, a town belong-
ing to the tribe of Judah. (Josh. xv. 25.)
Also, a town belonging to the tribe of
Benjamin. (Josh, xviii. 28.) Of one or
other of these places the traitor Judas
was a native. See Judas, 1.

Kbdar, a tribe of Arabian nomades,
descended from Kedar, the son of Ishmael.
(Oen. XXV. 13.) They were rich in flocks
of rams, lambs, and goats, in which they
traded with the Tyrians. (Ezek. xxvii. 21.
Jer. xlix. 29.) : and they were also cele-
brated for their skill in the use of the bow.
(Isa. xxi. 17.) The manners and habits
of the Turcomans, a nomadic tribe who
infest the inland portions of Asia Minor,
are precisely those of the wandering hordes
of Kedar, as described in the books of the
Old Testament; and their black tents
would fully suit the simile of Solomon
(Song i. 5.), while their pastoral traffic is
in every respect that adverted to in Ezek.
(xxvii. 21.), in his denunciations of de-
struction f^inst Tyre. (Emerson's Letters
from the iEgean, vol. i. p. 192.)

Kedesh : —

1. Kbdbsh-Naphtali, a city in the
tribe of Naphtali, one of the Levidcal


cities, and afterwards one of the dtxa ot
refuge. (Josh. xix. 37. xx. 7. Joc^. iv. 6.}
It was situated in tJpper Cfolilee, and was
anciently a place of considerable note.
Its site is occupied by a village cmlled
Kedet, and displays a good many ana&A
remmns, such as hewn stones, Iragments
of columns, and sarcophagi. (BibBotbeca
Sacra, vol. vi. pp. 374, 375. Van de
Veldf^s Narrative, vol. iL p. 417. Geo-
graphical Society's Journal, voL xxir. p.

2. A dty in the tribe of Jadah. (Josfa.
XV. 23.)

Rbdron, Kidron or CBDnoit, Brook,
account of, 44.

Kenites, a Canaanitisfa people, who,
according to 1 Sam. xv. 6., compared witb
Numb. xxiv. 20, 21., dwelt among the
Amalekites. According to Judg. L 1 6. rv.
11., they appear to have been descended
from Hobab, the brother-in-law of Moses.
Kbnizzitbs, an ancient Canaanitisfa
people, who may have been descended
from Kenaz, a grandson of Esau. Their
place of residence cannot now be deter-
mined. (Gen. XV. 19. Numb, xxzii. 12.)
Keturah, the second wife of Abraham,
who married her after the death of Sarah ;
she bore him six sons. (Oen. xxv.)

Kings, person of, sacred, 103. Laws
concerning them and their powers, 99 —
101. Inauguration, 102. Their clistinc*
tions, 103, 104. Scrmtural allusions to
their courts explaineci, 105 — 109. Re-
venues, 109. Their magistrates and oflB-
cers, 110 — 112. Influence of the king^
friend, 112. Tombs of the kings, S65, and
note '.

Kingdoms of Israel and Judah, 114.
Latent causes of the schism between, 115,
116. Causes of the longer duration of
the kingdom of Judah, 117 — 120.

Kir (or Cyrus), a country through
which flows the river JTiir, as it is called
by the Russians, or Kier, as it is called by
the Persians, the Kuros (Cyrus) of the
Greeks ; whither Ti^ath-Pileser, king of
Assyria, sent the pnncipal inhabitants of
Syria, whom he had taken captive. (2
Kinn xvi. 9.) This river unites its waters
to the Aras or Araxes, and empties itself
into the Caspian Sea, under the 39th
degree of north latitude. A people of
forei^ aspect, called Usbcckt^ dwell there
to this time, who (Prof. Jahn thinks) may
be the descendants of these captives.
(Hist, of Heb. Commonwealth, vol. L p.
Kir of Moab 1 See Rabbath-Ammon,


Digitized by


Geograpbieal J^ict^mary.



KiRJATH-Aiif, or the JDoubh CSfy,

1. The proper name of a city in the
tribe of ReubeD. (Numb- xxxii. 37, Josh,
xiii. 19.) It was afterwards possessed by
the Moabites. (Jer. xl?iii. 1. 3. Ezek. xzy.


2. A city ia the canton of the tribe of
Naphtali. (1 Chron. vi. 61.)

KiiUATH-AftBA,or the C% ofArba^ ^n
ancient name of Hbbbqv, which se^ in
p. 676.

KiRjATB-HuzoTH, or the Gfif of Street,
a royal city of Balak Idng of Moab. (Numb,
xxii. 39.)

Kirjath-Jearim (the CHy of Forests),
or Baalah (Josh, ^w, 9.), also c^ed
K1RJATH-BAAI4 (xT. 60,)» and simply
KiRJATH (xviiL 38.), was a town sitn-
ated on the confines of the allotments
to the tribes of Benjamin and Judah*
Hence it is reckoned among the cities of
both tribes. (Josh. xv. 60. xviii. 28.)
But in Jud^ xviii. 12., it is called l^ir-
jath-jearim m Judah. Here tl|e ark of
the covenant remained twenty years ^ftev
its removal from Beth-shemesh (1 Sam. i-
2.) until David, having obtained possession
of Jerusalem, fixed the sanctuary in that
city. (1 Sam. vi. 21. 1 Chron. xiii. 6.)
Urijah the prophet was a native of this
place. It is now a beautiful village, by
the Arabs called Karyet eUEnib, Karieh, or
Rurieh ; and is embosomed amopg olives,
pomegranates, and fig-trees. (Scottish
Mission to the Jews, p. 122. Robinson^s
Bib. Res. vol. ii. pp. 334—336.)

Kirjatu-Sannah, or the CiUf of the
Law, was a city in the tribe o? Judah.
(Josh. XV. 49.)

Kirjatb-Sepher, or the City of Writing,
otherwise called Debir; a city in the
tribe of Judah, which was captured from
the Canaanites by Othniel. (Josh, xy. 15,
16. Judg. I. 10—13.) CkHiceming the
import of its name there is a difference of
opmion ; some supposing it to have been
a seat of learning, while others, from
Debir« signifying an oracle, imagine that it
was a ^minary for the education of

KisH, the son of Abdlel, who was also
called Ner, and the father of Saul, of an
obscure familv in the tribe of Benjamin,
was both a shepherd and a warrior, con-
formably to the custom of those ancient
times. The Scripture eulogises his valour.
He sent his son in pursuit of some lo^t
asses, and he returned to his father the
first king of Israel. (1 Chron. viii. 30. ix.
39. 1 Sam. xiv. 51. ix. 1. and x. 2.)

KisBON, Brook, notice of, 43.


E;NBAD4i90-T|ioyQHS of the Jews, 424.

KNHiBffloon, an order oi, instituted by
David, 244, 245.

KoBATB, the son of Levi. (Gen. xlvi.
11.) He wail the head of the Kohath-
ites, who were i^Kpointed to carry the ark
and sacred vessels of the tabernacle, dur
ing the marches of the Israelites. (Numb
iv. 1-15.)

KoRAH, the son of Uhar, and grandson
of Levi, who conspired against Moses.
(Bxod. vi. 2 If Numb, xvi.) From him
were descended the sons of Korah, a
Levitical fomily of sincers, whom David
appointed to guard w doors of the
temple. (1 Cluron. ix. 19.)

KoRBAN, Mitur^ of th^ vow of^ 322.

Laban, the son of ^thuel, grandson of
Nahor, brother to Rebekah, and fiither of
Rachel and Leah. (Gen. xsviii.) — Also,
the name of a place beyond the Jordan, in
the plains of Moab ; it is otherwise un-
known. (Deut. i. I.)

Lacbisb, the residence of a Canaanitish
king, was situated towards the south of
Jerusalem. Joshua conquered it, and
gave it to the tribe of Judah. (Josh. x. 3.
31. XV. 39.) It was subsequently fortified
by Rehoboam against the Philistines (2
Chron. xi. 9.); and was besieged by
Sennacherib, kins of Assyria, in his cam-
paign against Hezekiah king of Judah.
(2 Kings xviii. 14. Isa. xxxvi. 2. xxxvii.
8.) Mr. Layard discovered some sculp-
tures at Mosul, which throw great light on
the Scripture History; and exhibit the
actual picture of the taking of Lachish.
(Discoveries in Nineveh, pp. 149. 152.)
This city was finally captured by Nebu-
chadnezzar in his war of extermination
against the kingdom of Judah. (Jer. xxxiv.


Lakes in the Holy Land, account of, 44.

Laub, Paschal, ceremonies of offering,
&c., 333—342.

Lamentations for ti^^ dead, account
of, 561—563.

Lamps, notice of, 426.

Lance of the Hebrews, 233.

Land of Canaan, 2. Of Israel, 2. Of
Jehovah, 8. Of Promise, 2. Of Judah,
3. Holy Land, 2, 3. The Jewish mode
of cultivating land, described, 490—498.

Land Survetino, known to the Jews,

Laoo^cba, the chief city of Phrygia
Y y2

Digitized by



Biographxcaly Historical^ and


FBCfttiana in Asia Minora about 42 mileB
to the south of Ephesus, and in the yicinity
of Colossae and Hierapolis. Its earlier
name was Diospolis or Caesarea, but after
being enlarged by Antiocfaus II. it was
called Laodicea in honour of his wife
Laodice. This city was often damaged
by earthquakes, and restored either by the
opulence of its inhabitants, or by the mu-
nificence of the Roman emperors. From
the researches of modem travellers, it
appears to have been seated on a volcanic
hill, of moderate height, but of considerable
extent. Its ruins attest that it was large,
opulent, and splendid ; and there are still
to be seen the remains of an amphitheatre,
an aqueduct, and many other buildings.
In the primitive times of Christianity, as
appears from St. Paul's Epistle to the
Colossians, in which the Laodiceans are
frequently mentioned, this place possessed
a flourishing church. But the doom of
Laodicea seems to have been more severe
and terrible than that of the other six
apocalyptic churches : and its present con-
dition is in striking conformity with the
rebukes and threatenings of God. Not a
single Christian resides at Laodicea! It
is even more solitary than Ephesus: the
latter has a prospect of a rolling sea, or a
whitening sail, to enliven its decay; the
former sits in widowed loneliness. Its
templ^ are desolate ; the stately edifices
of ancient Laodicea are now peopled with
wolves and jackals. The prayers of the
mosque are the only prayers heard near
the still splendid ruins of the city, on which
the prophetic denunciation seems to have
been fully executed, in its utter rejection
as a church. ** Its crime was pride ; its
punishment, desolation. The threatening
IS accomplished t it now stands, rejected
of God and deserted by men; its glory,
a ruin ; its name, a reproach." (Hartley s
Visit to the Apocalyptic Churches, in
1826. Mission. Register, July, 1827, p.
296. Arundell's Visit to the Seven
Churches, pp. 84—90. Emerson's Let-
ters from tbe .£gean, vol. i. pp. 180. 219.
Monro's Summer Rambles in Syria, vol. i.

Sp. 128, 129. Elliott's Travels in Austria,
lussia, and Turkey, vol. ii. p. 97. Fel-
lowes's Excursion m Asia Minor, pp. 280
— 282. Scottish Mission to the Jews, p.
338.) "^

Lasaa, a maritime city of Crete (Acts
xxvii. 8.), which is not mentioned by any
of the ancient geographers. Its exact site
cannot now be ascertained.

Law and the Prophets, tables of the
#ections of, as read m the Jewish syna-


gogues, 281, 282. The Mosaic law per-
verted by the Pharisees, 393, 394.

Lavts, how promulgated, 1 13, 114.

Lawyers (Jewish), account o^ 400.

Lazarus : —

1. The brother of Martha and Mair,
whom Jesus loved, and miraculously raised
him from the dead. For an exanaination
of the circumstances of this mirade. see
VoL L pp. 237—239.

2. The name of a person introduced by
Jesus into a very instructive narrative or
parable, to represent the poor and dis-
tressed in this world. (Luke xvL 19 —

Leah, the daughter of Laban, and the
wife of Jacob, on whom her fiuher imposed
her in lieu of Rachel. (Gen. xxix.)

Learned Men, different appellations of,

Lebanon (Mount), account of, 54 —

Lbbraus, a proper name of the apostle
JuDE, who was also called Thaddaeus.
(Matt X. 3.)

Legal Proceedings of the Jews, ac-
count of, 136 — 141 ; and of tbe Romans,

Legions (Roman), notice of, 245, 246.

Leprosy (Disease of.) Symptoms and
treatment or, 548 — 552. Purification of
lepers, 362. Leprosy of clothes and houses,
362, 363.

Letters or Epistles, form of, 51 1.

Levi : —

1. The third son of Jacob and Leah.
(Gen. xxix. 34.) He is known only as
having participated in the revenue ot
Simeon against the Shecheroites, for the
violation of Dinah (xxxiv. 25.), and for
having given his name to the tribe that
was set apart for the priesthood and wor-
ship of Ood.

2. One of the twelve aposdes, also
called Matthew. See p. 696. infrtL

Levies, Military, how raised, 219,

Levites, functions, &c. of, 298 — 301 .

Libertines, account of, 276, 277. 294.

LiBNAH, the residence of one of the
Canaanitish kings, was captured by Joshua.
It was situated in the plains of Judah, in
the western division of the territory ; biit
its site is unknown. Libnah was a sacer-
dotal city, and also one of the cities of
refuge. Under Joram it revolted hom
Judah, probably from the attachment of
its inhabitants to the faith of their fathers.
2 Kings viiL 22. 2 Chron. xxi. la)
subsequently it was besieged by Senna-
cherib; but it is not known whether be

Digitized by


Geographical Dictionary.



BQCceeded in obtaioing poflsession of it*
(2 Kings xix. 8. Isa. xxxvii. 6.)

Libya, amone the Greeks, was used as
another name tor Africa, as it imports a

?art of it. It was divided into Libya
nterior and Exterior : but the Libya
mentioned by St. Luke (Acts ii. lO.j is
that by Ptolemy called Libya Cyrenaica :
and by Plinv, Fentapolitana Regio, from
its five chief'^ cities, viz. Berenice, Arsinoe,
Ptolemais, Apollonia, and Cyrene. It is
noted in the Old Testament, for its cha-
riots and horses used in fight. (2 Chron.
xvi. 8.) But it is mentioned by St. Luke,
on account of the Jews, who, living in such
vast numbers in Alexandria, that 50,000
of them were slain at one time, may well
be thought to have had some colonies and
proselytes in this neighbouring country.
Life-guards of the kings of Israel, 112.
Lilies, notice of, 78. and note ^
Linus, a disciple whose salutations Saint
Paul addr^ses to Timothy. (2 Tim. iv.
21.) He is supposed to have been the
first bishop of Kome.

Literature of the Jews, 517.
Aif^oarpwToVf 25.

Liter, divination by the inspection of,

Locusts, natural history of, and of their
devastations, 89 — 91. Were eaten by the
inhabitanu of Palestine, 91.

Lois, a Christian matron and the grand-
mother of Timothy, of whose faitn the
apostle speaks with great commendation.
(2 Tim. i. 5.)

Lookino-Glasses of the Jewish women,
435, 436.

Lord's Supper, points of resemblance
between, and the Passover, 337—342.

Lot, the son of Haran and nephew of
Abraham; after separating from whom,
on account of the increase of their cattle,
he chose the city of Sodom for his abode.
On its destruction. Lot and his two daugh-
ters escaped with their lives ; but his wife,
looking back, perished. (Gen. xix. Luke
xvii. 28.) The Moabites and Ammonites
descended from Lot.

Lots, when used judicially, 138. No-
tice of the Feast of Lots, 346.

LuBiM are supposed to be the Lybians,
an African tribe dwelling to the west of
Egypt, and descended from Mizraim.
The Lubim were part of the invading
army of Shishak from Egypt, against
Rehoboam ; and again of Zerah, the
Ethiopian, against Asa king of Judah.
The Lubim were a powerful tribe in the
days of NaBum and of Daniel. (2 Chron.
xii. 3. xvi, 8. xiv« 9. Nabum iii. 9. Dan. xi.


42.) Lybians from the neighbourhood of
Cvrene were also at Jerusalem on the day
of Pentecost. (Acts ii. 10.)

Lucius, a Cyrenian, one of the prophets
or teachers of the Christian church at
Antioch. (Acts xiiL 1. Rom. xvL 21.)
By some he has been erroneously con-
founded with the evangelist Luke.

LuD, the fourth son of Shem, whose
descendants peopled the province of Ly-
DiA. (Gen. X. 22.)

LuDiM, the Lydians of Mauritania in
Africa, who were expert as archers. They
were hired by the Tyrians to defend them.
(Dr. Henderson, on Ezek. xxvii. 10.)

Luke (Aovkos, contracted from the
Latin Lncmnus)j was a Gentile proselyte
who had embraced Christianity. He was
the friend and companion of St. Paul in
most of his joumies, and wrote the Gospel
that bears his name and also the Acts of
the Apostles: for analyses of which see the
fourth volume of this work.
LuTB, form of, 515.

Lycanthropy, the malady of Nebu-
chadnezzar, 553.

Lycaonia (Acts JAY, 6.), a province in

Asia Minor, accounted the southern part

of Cappadocia, having Isauria on the west,

Armema Minor on the enst, and Cilicia on

I the south. The country, in general, is

I mountainous, particularly in the interior.

Its chief cities are all mentioned in Acts

xvi., viz. Iconium, Lystra, and Derbe.

> TTiey spake (ver. 11.) m the Lt/caonian

! tongue, which is generally understood to

have been a corrupt Greek, intermingled

I with man^ Syriac words: but Jablon»ki

supposes It to have been derived from the

ancient Assyrian tongue. Why they were

disposed to worship Paul and Barnabas,

! 381, 382.

I Lycia (Acts xxvii. 5.), a province in

the south-west of Asia Minor, opposite to

the island of Rhodes. Two of^ its cities

' are mentioned in the New Testament, viz.

Patara, its capital, and Myra.

Lydda, which in later times was called
Diospolis, and is now known by the name
of Ludd or Loudd, was a large village,
and, according to Josephus, little inferior
to a citjr for its size. This place is cele-
brated in the Acts of the Apostles for the
miraculous cure of Eneas by the Apostle
Peter (Acts ix. 32. 34): it was situated
at no great distance firom Joppa (ix. 38.),
on the way from the latter place to Jeru-
salem. The soil of the surrounding coun-
try is said to be very rich. Modern Lydda
is a considerable village of small mud-
encased hovels or houses, standing on a
Y y3

Digitized by



Biographical, Bistoiicalf and


gende slope, surrounded principally br
Olive trees, and the nominal see ot a Greek
bbbop, who resides at JenissAem. Here
are the ruins of a once celebrated church
which bore the name of Sahit George.
(Robinson's Bib. Res. toL iii. pp. 46 — ^50.
Dupuis's Holj Places, toL ii. pp. 49. 50.
London, 1856.)
Ltdia : —

1. A province in Asia Minor, bounded
on the north by Mysia, On the east by the
greater Phrygia, on the irest by ionia and
the ilBgean Sea, and on the soutii by Caria,
from which it is separated by the river
Meander. It is supposed to be the coon*
try mentioned in Gen. k. 2)i. under the
name of Lud. Three towns of Lydia are
ment oned in the New Testament, viz.
Philadelphia, 8ardis, and Thyatutu

2. A woman of Th}'atira, who traded
in purple cloths, for which that place was
celebrated. She was a Jewish proselyte,
of a sincere and pious character, and
prompt in acknowledging and professing
the truth. She was converted to the
Christian faith in consequence of the
preaching of St. Paul. (Acts xvi 14. 40.)
Couuerei and others suppose that Lydia,

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