Thomas Hartwell Horne.

An introduction to the critical study and knowledge of the Holy Scriptures online

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&c. This is the ordinary or theologicul
sense of the word mystery : it does not
imply any thing contrary to reason, not
utterly unknown as to its being ; but it
signifies a matter, of whose existence we
have clear evidence in the Scriptures, al-
though the mode of such existence is in-
comprehensible, or above our reason.
(Schleusner*s and Parkburst*s Greek
Lexicons to the New Testament, voce
Mvarfjpiov, Dr. Campbeirs Translation of
the Four Gospels, vol. i. pp. 298—306.
See also J. G. Pfeiffer's Instit. Hernu
Sac. pp. 704—724.)

Naked. — Destitute of the image of God ;
not clothed with the garment of holiness
and puritv. — Rev. iii. 17. And knowest
not that thou art tvretched, and miserable,
and poor, and blind, and naked.
QQ 4



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Naubs. — llie persons called by them.

— Acts i. 15. The number of Ike names

were about an hundred and twenty, — Rev.

Ui. 4. Thou hast a few names even m

Sardit,
Nature.

1. Birth, origin, or natiTity. Jews by na-
ture. Gal. ii. 15.

2. The constitution and order of Ood in the
natural word. Rom. i. 26., xi. 21. 24.

3. The native dispositions, qualities, proper-
ties, &c. of any person or thing. — 2 Pet.
i. 14. Partaken of a dkme nature. — Eph.
ii. 3. We were by nature, t. e, according to
our natural disposition, when not enlight-
ened and renewed by the influences of
the Ck)8pel, children of wrath.

4. A natiye feeling of decorum, a native
sense of propriety, by which a person is
withheld from needlessly receding from
the customs of his country. — 1 Cor. xL
14. JJoth not nature Useif — does not
your own native sense of decorum — teach
yoUf that if a man have long hair, it is a
shame unto him, viz. among the Greeks, to
whom alone the apostle was writing ; and
consequently he does not refer to the
customs of the Hebrews. (Robinson's
Lexicon, voce *»»<Ttc.)

Night. — Intellectual darkness; adversity.
—Rev. xxi. 25. There shall be no night
there ; that is, there shall be no more idol-
atry, no more intellectual darkness, no
more adversity in the New Jerusalem ;
but all shall be peace, joy, happiness, and
security. — Rom. xiii. 12. The night (that
is, the time of ignorance and proumeness)
is far spent.

Numbers.

Two; a few. — Isa. vii. 21. A man shall
nourish two sheep, -^ 1 Rings xvii. 12. /
am gathering two sticks.

Three or third, — Greatness, excellency, and
perfection. — Isa. xix. 24. In that day
shall Israel be the third with Esypt and
Assyria: that is, as the prophet imme-
diately explains, great, admired, beloved,
and blessed.

Four, — Universalitv of the matters com-
prised therein. — Isa. xi. 12. The four
comers of the earth denote all parts of the
earth. — Jer. xlix. 6. Upon Elam (or
Persia) w'dl I bring the four winds from
the four quarters of the earth ; that is, all
the winds. In Ezek. vii. 2. the four cor-
ners of the land signify all parts of the
land of Judea.

Seven,^ A large and complete, yet uncer-
tain and indefinite, number. It is of very
frequent occurrence in the Apocalypse,
where we read of the seven spirits of God,
seven angels, seven thunders, «eont seals, I



&c. &c, [See Dr. Woodbouse on Rer.
i.4.]

Ten. — Many, as well as that precise niini*
ber. In Gren. xxxi. 7. 41. ten times are
many times ; hi Lev. xxvi. 26. ten women
are many women. See also Dan* i. 80. ;
Amos vL 9. ; Zech. viii. 23.

Oaks of Bash an. — The princes and noblea
of Israel and Judah.— Isa. ii 13. The day
of the Lord shall be . . . . ^ipon all the otk»
of Bashan.

Olive.

1. The wild oRve; Man in a state of na-
ture. — Romxi. 17. ThoubeimgawMolaYe-
tree, wert graffed in amongst them ....

2. The cultivated o&ve; the church of God.
— Rom. xi. 24. ^thou wert cut out of the
olive-tree, whidt is uri/d by nature^ and wert
graffisd contrary to nature into a good
olive-tree ....

Palms. — Svmbols of joy after a victory, at-
tended with antecedent sufferings. ^Kev.
vii. 9. / btheld, and^ lo, a great multitude
. . . clothed with white robes, and palms m
their lutnds.

Paradise. — The invisible residence of the
blessed. — Rev. iL 7. Th him that over-
Cometh will I give to eat of the tree of lifir^
which is in the midst of the paradise of God,
— Luke xxiii. 43. To-day shall tkou be
with me in paradise.

Passover. — Jesus Christ. — 1 Cor. v. 7.
Christ our passover is sacr^ficedfor us- On
the spiritual import of this term, compare
pp. 339—342. of this volume.

Physician. — The Saviour, caring the
sins and sicknesses of the mind. — Matt,
ix. 12. They that be whole, need not a phy-
sician ; but they that are sick.

Pillar or Column.

1 . The chief prop of a fiunily, city, or state.
— Gal. ii. 9. James, Cephas^ and John, who
seemed to be pillars.

2. Pillar of iron. — The symbol of great
firmness and duration. — Jer. L 18. /
have made thee , , , . an iron {Hilar.

Plougbino andbreakingup the ground. —
The preparation of the heart by repent-
ance. — Hos. X. 12. Break up your fallow-
ground. See also Jer. iv. 3.

Poison. — Lies, error, and delusion. —
Psal. cxl. 3. Adders* poison is under their
Hps, — Psal. Iviii. 3, 4. They go o^roy ms
soon as they are bom, speaking kes. Their
poison is Uke the poison of a serpent. —
Rom. iii. 13. The poison of asps is under
their lips ; whose mouth is full of cursing
and bitlemess.

Power.

1. Dignity, privilege, prerogative. — John



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i. 12. At many as received him, to them
gave he power to become the tons of God,

U, The emblem of power, or of honour and
dignity, that is, a veil. — 1 Cor. xi. 10. A
woman ought to have power on her head,
that 18, to be veiled, because of the spies, or
evil-minded persons who were sent into
the meetings of the Christians by their
enemies, in order that they might beable to
take advantage of any irr^;uUrity in their
proceedings, or of any departure from esta-
blished customs. The veil, worn by mar-
ried women, was an emblem of subjection
to the power of the husband. The mar-
ginal rendering of 1 Cor. xi. 10. is, — a
covering, in sign that she is under the power
of her hiuband.

Powers. — A certiun order of anffcls ; whe-
ther good, as in Col. L 16., Epn. iii. 10.,
1 Pet. iii. 22, ; or evil, as in Cot. ii. 15. and
Eph. vi. 12. (Parkhurst and Robinson,
voce *£^ov(7m.)

Princb of the power of the air. — Eph. ii.
2. Satan. In this passage the air denotes
the jurisdiction of fallen spirits.

Rain (gentle).

1. The divine goodness. — Isa. xxvii. 3.,
xliv. 3.

2. Pure and heavenly doctrine. — Deut.
xxxii. 2., especially the word of the Lord.
Isa. Iv. 10, 11.

Rbaprrs. — The angels. — Matt. xiii. 39.
Regeneration.

1. The melioration of all things, the new
condition of all things in the reign of the
Messiah, when the universe, and all that it
contains, will be restored to their state of
pristine purity and splendour. — Matt,
xii. 28. In the regeneration, when the
Son of man shall sit on the throne of his
glory.

2. In a moral sense, renovation, that is, the
chan^ from a carnal to a Christian life.
— Tit. iii. 5. (Robinson, voce naXiyy£-

Riches and Talents. — Gifts and graces
from God. — Matt. xxv. 15. To one he
gave Jive talents, &c. See also Luke xix.
13. dec.

River.

1, An overflowing river. — Invasion by an
army. — Isa. lix. 19. The enemy shaU come
in Uke a flood. — Jer. xlvi. 7, 8. Who is
this that cometh up as a flood, whose waters
are moved as the rivers ? Egypt riseth up
Wee a flood, and his waters are moved Uke
the rivers : and he saith, I will go up, and
will cover the earth ; I will destroy the
city and the inhabitants thereof. See also
Isa, xxviii. 2. ; Jer. xlvii. 2. ; Amos ix.
5. ; Nahum i. 4.



2, A river being frequently the barrier or
boundary of a nation or country, the dry-
ing of it up is a symbol of evil to the ad-
joining land ; and signifies that its ene-
mies will make an easy conquest of it
when they find no water to impede their
progress. Thus, Isaiah, foretelling the con-
quest of Cyrus and the destruction of the
Babylonian monarchy, has these words: —
That saith to the deep. Be dry ; and I wilt
dry up thy rivers. — Isa. xi. 15. The Lord
shall utterly destroy the tongue of the JSgyp^
Han Sea (that part of the land of Egypt
which was inclosed among the mouths of
the Nile) ; and with his mighty wind shall
he shake his hand over the river, and shall
smite it in the seven streams, and make
[men] go over dry-shod. See also Isa. xix.
6. and Zech. x. 11.

3. A clear river is the symbol of the greatest
good. — Png in sin
and error.— Matt. x. 6., xv. 24. The
lost sheep of the house of Israel. — I Pet.
ii. 25. le toere as sheep going astray.
Compare also Matt. ix. 36. and Mark
vi.34.

Shield.

1. A defence. —Psal. xviii. 2. The Lord



cr my buckler or shield. See Psal. xxxiii.
20.

2. Faith, by which we are enabled to re-
sist the fiery darts of the wicked. Eph.
vi. 16.

Ships of Tarsldsh; merchants, men en-
riched by commerce, and abounding in all
the elegancies and luxuries of life, parti-
cularly the merchants of Tyre and Sidon.

— Isa. ii. 12—16. The day of Uie Lord
of Hosts s/tall be . . . upon a// Me ships of
Tarshish. — Isa. xxiii. 1. Howl, O ye
ships of Tarshish.

Shoes. — The preparation of the Gospel
of peace. — Eph. vi. 15.
Silence.

1. Bringing to silence, or putting to bi-
lence. — Utter destruction. Isa. xv. 1.
As if Moab is laid waste, and brought to
silence. — Jer. viii. 14. The Lord our
God hath put us to silence.

2. A symbol of praying. — Luke i. 9, 10.
Sit — Sitting.

1. Reigning, ruling, and judging. — In
Judg. V. 10. Ye that sit w judgment are
the magistrates or judges. The sitting
on a throne, which occurs so very fre-
quently in the Scriptures, invariably
means to reign.

2. With other adjuncts, sitting has a dif-
ferent signification : as,

(1.) To sit upon the earth or dust (Isa. iii,

26., xlvii. 1. ; Lam. ii. 10.; Ezek. xxvi.

16.), or on a dunghill, signifies to be in

extreme misery.
(2,) To sil in darkness (Psal. cvii. 1 0. ; Isa.

xlii. 7.) is to be in prison and slavery.
(3.) To sil as a widow (Isa. xlvii. 8. ) is to

mourn as a widow.
Slave. — One who has no property in
himself, but is bought by another. Such
are all mankind, whom Christ has re-
deemed from the slavery of sin. — 1 Cor.
vi. 20. Ye are boufht with a price. See
Deut. vii. 8. ; Isa. Ixi. 1.
Sleep. — Death. — Dan. xii. 2. Many
that sleep m the dust of the earth shall
awake.

SoDOM and Gomorrah. — Any apostate
city or people : or the .wicked world at
large. — Isa. i. 10. Hear the word of the
Lord, ye rulers of Sodom; give hear
unto the law of our God, ye people of
Gomorrah. See Rev. xi. 8.
Soldier. — A Christian who is at war
with the world, the flesh, and the devil.

— 2 Tim ii, 3. Endure hardness as a
good soldier of Jesus Christ,

Sores, or Ulcers, symbolically denote
sins ; because, according to the Hebrew
idiom and notions, to heal signifies to
pardon sins ; and to pardon a sin is equi-



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valent to healing. — 2 Chron. xxx. 20.
The pious monarch Hezekiah, haymg
prayed that God would excuse and par-
don those who had eaten the passover
without being sufficiently purified, the
Lord hearkened to Hezefnahy and healed
the people, — Isa. liii. 5. By his stripes
we are healed. In Isa. L 6. Wounds,
bruises, and sores are sins ; the binding up
of them signifies repentance ; and the
healing up, remission or forgiveness.

South. — Judaea. — Ezek. xx. 46. Set
thy face toward the south, and drop [thy
word] towards the south. — Judaea lay to
the south of Chaldsea, where the prophet
Ezekiel stood.

South field. — Ezek. xx. 46. Prophesy
against the forest of the South field ; that
is, against Jerusalem, in which there were
good and bad men, as there are trees in
a forest.

SowEB. — A preacher of the word. —
Matt. xiii. 3. A sower went forth to sow.
See verse 39.

Speaking. See Voice, 2,

Star.

1. A ruler or conqueror. — Numb. xxiv.
17. There shall come a star out of Jacob,
and a sceptre shall arise out of Israel, and
shall smite the comers of Moab, and shall
destroy all the children of Sheth,

2. The presiding ministers of the church.
— Rev. i. 20. The seven stars are the
angels of the seven churches,

3. Glorified saints. — 1 Cor. xv. 4J. One
star differethfrom another star tn glory,

4. Wandering stars, — Jude 13. Wicked
apostates, Siat go from light into outer
darkness.

Stone.

1. Head stone of the comer, — Jesus
Christ. See Corner Stone.

2. Stone of stumbling (] Pet. ii. 7.), spoken
of Jesus Christ ; who is farmed a stone
of stumbling, that is, an occasion of rum
to the Jews, since they took ofience at
his person and character, and thereby
brought destruction and misery upon
themselves.

3. Stones, — Believers who are built upon
the true foundation, the Lord Jesus
Christ. — 1 Pet. ii. 5. Ve also as lively
(or living) stones are built up a spiritual
house,

4. Heart of stone. — A hard, stubborn, and
unbelieving heart. — Ezek. xxxii. 26, /
will take atpay the stony heart.

5. Stone, — An idol of stone. Habak. ii.
19. Woe unto him that sailh unto the
wood, ** Awake I " — and to the dumb stone,
" Arise ! " and it shall teach,

6. White stone, — A full pardon and ac-



quittal — Rev. it 17. / will give kim u
white stone. See an explanation of the
custom alluded to, in p. 139. of this
volume.

7. Precious stones (1 Cor. iii. 12.), the
doctrines of the Christian religion, or the
mode of teaching them.

Sun.

1. The Lord God. — Psal. Ixxxiv. IL
TV Lord God is a Sun.

2. Sun cf Righteousness, — Jesus Christ. «-
Mai. iv. 2. Tlie Sun of Righteousnsss
shall arise with heating in his wings.

Among the various biero^yphics disco-
vered by Dr. Richardson m the ruins of
the ancient temple of Tentyra or Den-
dera, in Upper £g>'pt, is one which may
illustrate tnis expression of the prophet.

— ** Immediately over the centre oi the
door-way,*' says he, "is the beautiful
Egyptian ornament, usually called the
globe, with serpent and win^ emUe-
matic of the glorious sun, poised in the
airy firmament of heaven, supported and
directed in his course by the eternal wis-
dom of the Deity. The sublime phraseo-
logy of Scripture, The Sun of B^hteous^
ness shall anse with healing m Ms wings,
could not be more accurately or more
emphatically represented to the human
eye than by this elegant device." [Dr.
Richardson's Travels along the Medi-
terranean, &c. vol. i. p. 187.]

3. Sun and Moon. — The sun shall be
turned into darkness, and the moon into
blood. (Joel ii. 31. ; Acts il 20.) A
figurative representation of a total eclipse,
in which the sun is entirely darkened,
and the moon assumes a bloody hue : it
signifies the (kW of the civil and eccle-
siastical state in Judaea.

Swine. — Wicked and unclean people. —
Matt. vii. 6. Neither cast ye your pearls
before swine.

SwoRD.

1. Death and destruction. See Ezek. xxi.

— This symbol occurs so repeatedly in
the Scriptures, and is, besides, so well
known, as to render more examples un-
necessary.

2. Sword of the Spirit. — 7*^ word of
God. Eph. vL 17. ; Heb. iv. 12. ; Rev. i.
16.

3. The symbol of power and authority. —
Rom. xiiL 4. He beareth not the sword



Tabernacle. — The body of man. — 3
Cor. V. 1. We know that if our earthfy
house of [thiif] tabernacle were dissolved.
— 2 Pet. i. 13, 14. / must shortfyput off
this tabernacle.



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Talents. Sec Riches.

Tarks. — The children of the wicked one.

— Matt. xKi. 38.
Tarshish. See Ships.

Tkbth. — The symbols of cruelty or of a
deyouring enemy.— Prov. xxx. 14. TAerr
is a generation whose teeth are as swords ;
and their jaw-teeth as kmves to devour the
poor from off the earthy and the needy from
among men. See also Deut. xxxii. 24. ;
Psal. Ivi. 6., Iviii. 6.

Tbn. See Numbers.

Thirst. SeeJiiniGER.

Thorns.

1. The cares, riches, and pleasures of life.

— Luke viii. 14. That which Jeil among
thorns, are thetf, which , when they have
heard the word, go firth, and are choked
with cares, and riAes, and pleasures of
Hfe,

2. Thorns and briers ; wicked, perverse,
and untractable persons. — Ezek. ii. 6.
Son ofnum^ be no$afrmdofthem . . . though
briers and thorns be with thee.

Three or Third. See Numbers.

Threshing. — Destruction. — Jer. Ii. 33.
Babylon is Bke a threshing^/fbor : itis time
to thresh her; that is, to subdue and
destroy her power. See Isa. xli. 15.;
Amos. i. 3.; Micah i?. 13.; Hab. iii. 12.

Throne. — Kingdom, government. — Gen.
xli. 40. Only in the throne wi/i I be

freater than thou. In 2 Sam. iii. 10.
ingdom and throne are synonvmous.
To translate the kingdom ^m the house of
Saul — and to set up the throne of David
over Israel. The setting of the throne in
2 Sam. vii. 12, 13. 16. signifies the settling
or establishment of the government in
peace; and the enlargement of the throne,
m 1 Kings i 37. compared with 47., im-
plies a great accession of power and do-
minions.

Thunder. — The voice of God. — Psal.
xxix. 3. The voice of the Lord if upon
the waters ; the God of glory thundereth.
In Rev. X. 4. the seven thunders may mean
either a particular prophecy, or perhaps
seven distinct prophecies, uttered by seven
voices, loud as thunder.

Towers and Fortresses ; defenders and
protectors, whether by counsel or by
strength, in peace or in war. — Isa. ii. 12.
15. The day of the Lord of Hosts shall be
. . . upon every high tower, and every
fenced wall (or fortress).

Travailing with child.

1. A state of anguish and misery. — Jer.
iv. 31. I have heard a voice as of a
woman in travail, the anguish as of her
that hringeth forth her first child, the voice
of the daughter of Zion. — Jer. xiii. 21.



Shall not sorrows overtake thee as a woman
in travail ? See also Isa. xxvi 17, 18.,
Ixvi. 7. ; Jer. xxx. 6, 7.

2. The sorrow of tribulation or persecu-
tion. — Mark xiii. 8. These are the be ^
ffnnmgs of sorrows, literally, the pains of
a woman in travail. See 1 Thess. v. 3.

Tread under, or trample upon. — To
overcome and bring under subjection. —
Psal. Ix. 12. Through God we sluUl do
vaHant/y ; for it is he that shall tread down
our enemies. See Isa. x. 6., xiv. 25.

Tree of Life. — Immortality. — Rev. ii. 7.
To him that ovcrcometh, will I give to eat
of the tree of life. See a description of
it in Rev. xxii. 2—14., and an excellent
sermon in Bishop Home's Works, vol. iv.
Sermon iii. on the Tree of Life.

Trees.

1. Men in general, fruitful and unfruitful.
— PsaL i. 3. He (the good man) shall
be Ske a tree, planted by rivers of water, —
Matt. iii. 10. Every tree which bringeth
not forth good frtdt, is hewn down, and cast
into the fire,

2. A great tree, — A king or monarch. Sec
Dan. iv. 20 — 23.

3. The nobles of a kingdom. — Isa. x. 18,
19. It shall consume the glory of his

forestj and of his fruitful field both soul
and body . . . And the rest of the trees of
his forest shall be few. [See Cedars,
Oaks.] As trees denote great men and
princes, so boughs, branches, or sproutH,
denote their oflspring. Thus, in Isa. xi.
1. Jesus Christ, m respect of his human
nature, is stvled a rod of the stem of Jesse,
and a branch out of his roots ; that is, a
prince arising from the fiiroily of David.

Veil of the temple. — The body of Christ
opening the kingdom of heaven by his
death, when the veil of the temple was
rent. — Matt, xxvii. 51. The veil of the
temple was rent in twain, — Heb. x. 20.
JBy a new and living way, which he hath
consecrated for us through the veil, that is
to say, hisjlesh.

Vine.

1. The Jewish Church. — Psal. Ixxx. 8.
nou broughtest a vine out of Egypt. See
also verse 14.; Jer. ii. 21 . ; Ezek. xix. 10. ;
Hos. X. i.

2. Christ the head of the church. — John
XV. I. I am the true vine.

Vineyard. — The church of Israel. — Isa.
▼. 1 — 7. The vineyard of the Lord of
Hosts is the house oflsraeL

Viper. — One who injures his benefactors.
Matt. iii. 7., xii. 34. O generation of
vipers, that is, descendants of an ungrate-
ful race.



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VOICB.

1. Voice of thebrideffroom. — The festivity
of a wedding, and the expressions of joy
which are uttered on such occasions. —
Jer. yii. 34. Then will I cause to cease
from the cities ofJudah, and from the streets

of Jerusalem^ the voice of nwrthy and the
voice of gladness, the voice of the bride-
groom, and the voice of the bride. The
same expression also occurs in Jer. xvi.
9., XXV. 10., xxxiii. 11., and John iiL 29.

2. Speaking with a faint voice, denotes the
being in a weak and low condition. — Isa.
xxix. 4. Thou shalt be brought down^ and
shaU speak out of the grovaid; and thy
speech shall be low out of the dust,

3. Voice of the Lord. See Thunder.

Walking among, or in the midst. —
Wachfulness and protection. — Lev. xxvi.
12. I will walk among you, and will be
vour God,

Wall. — Stability and safety. — Zech. iL

6. / will be unto her a wall of fire round
about : that is, 1 will defend her from all
enemies without, by my angels, as so
many flames of fire surrounding her.

Wand. See Rod.

Wandbrino Stars. See Stars.

Washing with water. — Purification from
sin and guilt. — Psal. li. 2. 7. Wash me
throughfy from mine iniquity, and cleanse
me from my sin. Wash me, and I shall be
whiter than snow.

Water.

1. The purifying grace of the Holy Spirit.

— John iii. 5. — Except a man be born of
water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter
into the kingdom of God. See also Psal.
li. 2.

2. Living water. — The word of the Gospel.

— John iv. 10. He would have given thee
living water.

Waters.

1. Troubles and afflictions. — Psal. Ixix. 1.
Save me, O God : for the waters are come
in unto my soul.

2. A great multitude of people. — Isa. viii.

7. Tlte Lord bringeth up upon them the
waters of the river^ strong and many, i. e.
the army of tHe king of Assyria ; whose
overwhelming force is compared to the
waters of the great, rapid, and impetuous
river Euphrates. See Rev. xvii. 15.

3. The blessings of the Gospel. — Isa. Iv. I.
Ho ! every one that thirsteth, come ye to
the waters.

Waves of the Sea. — Numerous armies
of the heathens marching against the
people of God.— Psal. Ixv. 7. Which sliU-
eth the noise of the seas, the noise of their
waves. See also Psal. Ixxxix. 9. and



xciii. 3, 4. — Jude 13. Paging waves of

the sea.
Week. — Seven years. — Dan. ix. 24.

Seventy weeks are determined upon iky

people ; that is, seventy weeks of years^ ot

four hundred and ninety years.
Wheat. — Good seed, toe children of the

kingdom. Matt. xiii. 38.
White, See Qarmbnts, I. ; Horsb. 3. ;

Stone, 5.
Wilderness.

1. All manner of desolation. — Isa. xxviL
10. The defenced cily shall be desolaU^ and
the habitation forsaken and left Hke a
wilderness. — Jer. xxii. 6. Surebf I will
make thee a wilderness [and] cities [which]
are not inhabited. See also Hos. ii. 3.

2. This world, through which all real
Christians pass, and undergo all the trials
of the Hebrews in their way to the hea-
venly Canaan. — 1 Cor. X. 5, 6. T^heywere
overthrown m the wilderness. Now these
things were our examples. — Isa. xlL 18.
/ wUl make the wilderness a pool of water.

Wind.

1. Vioient toind. — Destruction. — Jer. IL
1. / will raise up against Babylon ... a
destroying wind. — Jer. iv. 11, 12. A dry
wind of the h^h places in the unldemeu . . .
even a full wind from those places shall
come unto me.

2. The four winds. — General destruction.

— Jer. xlix. 36. Upon Elam wHl I bring
the four winds, from the four quarters of
heaven. See also Dan. yii. 2., viiL 8.;
Rev. viL I. See Air.

Wine.

1. Wine, when mentioned together with
corn and oil (as it very frequently is),
denotes all kinds of temporal good tilings.

— Hos. ii. 8. I save her com, and wine,
and oil. See Joel ii. 19. ; Psal. iv. 7.

2. As the choicest heavenly blessin^gs are
frequently represented in the Scriptures
by the salutary effects of unne: so, from
the noxious and intoxicating qualities of
that liquor (which anciently was mixed
with bitter and stupefying ingredients, and



Online LibraryThomas Hartwell HorneAn introduction to the critical study and knowledge of the Holy Scriptures → online text (page 86 of 114)