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A treatise on the law of carriers (Volume 4) online

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Notice of intention to become pas-
senger, p. 1504.

Notifying passengers of starting of
train, p. 1916:
Duty to give signal, p. 1916.
General rules, p. 1916.
Object of signal, p. 1917.
Statutes, p. 1916.
Sufficiency of signals, p. 1917.
Stations or stopping i)laces:

See infra, "Announcement of
Stations or Stopping Places."
Obstructions on track, p. 1813:
Cars on side tracks, p. 1815.
Cattle on track, p. 1814.
Duty to keep track clear, p. 1813.
General rule, p. 1813.
Obstructions caused by tliird per-
sons, p. 1816.
Overhead structuios, p. 1 816.



CARRIERS OF PASSENGERS, cont'd.
Obstructions on track, cont'd.
Street railways, p. 1817:

Adjustment of parallel tracks,

p. 1820.
Contributory negligence, p.

1819.
Degree of care, p. 1817.
General rules, p. 1817.
Negligence, p. 1817.
Obstructions alongside the
track, p. 1817.
Structures alongside the track, p.
1815.
Offensive language, p. 2017.
Ordinary care:

See infra, "Degree of Care Re-
quired."
Overloading conveyance, p. 1951:
Degree of care, p. 1952.
General rules, p. 1951.
Passengers riding on platform or

other place, p. 1952.
Proximate cause, p. 1953.
Rights and duties as to providing

seats, p. 1954.
Unusual crowds, p. 1951.
Palace cars and sleeping car compa-
nies:
See "Palace and Sleeping Car Com-
panies."
Particular train:

See infra, "Right and Duty to Ride
on Particular Train or Car."
Parties to action, p. 2568.
Passengers' effects:
See "Baggage."
Passes:

See "Passes."

See infra, "Limitation of Liability."
Payment of fare:

See "Tickets and Fares."
Penalties:

See "Penalties for Violations of
Regulations."
Penalty for refusal to transport passen-
gers, p. 145.
Personal injuries:

See "Carriers by Water."
See infra, "Damages."
Persons liable:

See infra, "Conipanies and Per-
sons Liable."
Petition:

See infra, "Declaration, Petition or
Complaint."
Physicians and Surgeons:

Liability of carrier for acts of sur-
geon, p. 2078.
Platforms:

See "vStations and Stopping
Places."
Car platforms and steps, p. IHliO:
Duty of railroad, p. 1830.
Illustrations, pp. ]830, 1831.
Platform guards, p. 1829.
Defective or unlighted platform
and obstructions thereon, p. 2269.
Freight trains, p. 1800.



4140



INDEX.



CARRIERS OF PASSENGERS, confd.
Platforms, cont'd.

Overcrowding gives passenger

right on platform, p. 1952.
Riding on platform:

See "Contributory Negligence."

Pleading, p. 2569:

Aider by subsequent pleadings and

cure of error, p. 2634.
Amendment, p. 2633.
Exceptions, p. 2632.
Issues:

See infra, "Issues."
Motion, p. 2632.
Negligence, p. 2668.
Plea or answer:

See infra, "Plea or Answer."
Proof:

See infra, "Proof."
Replication, p. 2631.
Special demurrer, p. 2632.
Variance:

See infra, "Variance."
Plea or answer, p. 2627:

Denial of liability as carrier, p. 2628.

General denial, p. 2629.

General issue, p. 2629.

General rules, p. 2627.

Justification, p. 2629.

Pleading rules and regulations, p.

2630. "
Plea of contributory negligence —

Necessity for plea, p. 2630.
Special plea of matter of defense,
p. 2630.
Police powers, p. 2017:
Postal agents:

Liability of carrier, p. 2078.
Presumptions and burden of proof, p.
2662:
Assaults, p. 2701.

Carrying past destination, p. 2689.
Collision, pp. 2696, 2809, 2980-2981-

2982.
Derailment, pp. 2693, 2806. _
Duties and accommodation in tran-
sit, p. 2689.
Duty to protect passengers, p. 2701.
Evidence to rebut presumptions of
negligence arising from in-
jury:
See "Presumptions and Burden
of Proof."
Freight or mixed trains, p. 2702.
In action for failure to perform con-
tract, p. 2661.
In actions for ejection, p. 2662.
In actions for personal injury, p.

2664.
Insults, p. 2701.
Terks and jolts, p. 2690.
Management of vehicle, p. 2690.
Negligence, p. 2666:

Act or omission of servant, p.

2674.
Assaults, p. 2701.
Assumption of unnecessary
burden by plaintiff, p. 2677.



CARRIERS OF PASSENGERS, cont'd.
Presumptions and burden of proof, cont'd.
Negligence, cont'd.

Breaking down or overturning

of coach, p. 2692.
Carriage beyond destination, p.

2689.
Carrier must control agency

injuring passenger, p. 2667.
Collision, p. 2696.
Connection between negligence

and injury, p. 2668.
Contract -assuming risk or re-
leasing liability, p. 2703.
Derailment, p. 2695.
Duties and accommodation in

transit, p. 2689.
Duty to protect passengers
from third persons, p. 2701.
Effect of attempted explana-
tion, p. 2677.
Essential elements of actiona-
ble negligence, p. 2667.
General and specific negligence

alleged, p. 2677.
General rule, pp. 2666, 2668.
General rule as to shifting of

burden, p. 2673.
Gross negligence, p. 2702.
Injury from animals drawing

coach, p. 2693.
Injury resulting from passen-
ger's effort to escape, p. 2701.
Insults, p. 2701.
Jerks and jolts, p. 2690.
Management of vehicle, p.

2690.
Negligence presumed from un-
usual conditions. D. 2671.
No presumption from mere in-
jury, p. 2666.
Operation and effect of pre-
sumption, p. 2677.
Passengers on freiglit trains,

p. 2702.
Passengers without reward, p.

2703.
Presumption arising from evi-
dence, p. 2668.
Presumption of negligence, p.

2668.
Putting off at wrong destina-
tion, p. 2689.
Rebuttable presumption, p.

2677.
Receiving and discharging pas-
sengers, p. 2086.
Roadbed and track, p. 26S1.
Rules applied in particular

cases, p. 2679.
Specific negligence, p. 2677.
Stations and stopping places, p.

2679.
Statute, p. 2676.
Vehicle, p. 2682.
Wantonness, p. 2702.
Willfulness, p. 2702.



INDEX.



4141



CARRIERS OF PASSENGERS, cont'd.
Presumptions and burden of proof, cont'd.
Presumption as to relation of car-
rier and passenger:
Freight trains, p. 1.553.
Illustrations, p. 154.3.
Presumption arising from

character of vehicle, p. 1542.
Presumption as to trainmen's

authority, p. 1554.
Presumption that one is pas-
senger, p. 1542.
Rebutting, p. 1554.
Vehicle not intended for car-
riage of passengers, p. 1553.
Vehicle u^ed for transporta-
tion of passengers, p. 1542.
Presumption as to status, pp. 1542,

1553. 1558.
Receiving and discharging passen-
gers, p. 2686.
Relation of carrier and passenger.

pp. 2663, 2664.

Vehicle, p. 2682.

Principal and agent:

See infra. "Liability for Acts
and Omissions of Servants;"
"Master and Servant."
Assaults upon passengers:

See infra, "Assault and Bat-
tery."
Private carriers:

Degree of care required, p. 1717.
Probable cause:

False imprisonment and arrest, p.
2063.
Projection:

See "Contributory Negligence."
At stations and stopping places:
See "Stations and Stopping
Places."
Projecting bolts. etc.. catching

clothing of passengers, p. 1832.
Projection of wheel guard from
floor of street car, p. 1833.
Proof, p. 2642:

See "Evidence."
Allegations characterizing act. p.

2646.
Allegations descriptive of wrong,

p. 2646.
Allegations of specific acts of neg-
ligence, p. 2644.
Effect of special plea when general

issue made, p. 2647.
Failure of proof, p. 2647.
Failure to prove all allegations, p.

2645.
General allegation of negligence, p.

2644.
Matters to be i)roven. p. 2642.
Necessary issues raised by allega-

Question of ownership, p. 2647.
Relief of lower degree, p. 2646.
Sufficiency of jjroof:

See "Evidence."
Unnecessary allegations, p. 2643.
Variance:

See infra. "Variance."



CARRIERS OF PASSENGERS, cont'd.
Protection of passenger:

See infra. "Duty to Protect
Passengers."

Allegation of negligence, p. 2606.

Declaration, petition or complaint,
p. 2606.

Instructions, p. 2057.

Proximate and remote cause, p.
1711.

Questions of law and fact, pp. 2870,
2902.
Proximate and remote cause, p. 1694:

Accommodations and duties during
transportation, p. 1706.

Allegation of connection between
negligence and cause of injury.
p. 2611.

Concurring acts, p. 1697.

Concurring acts of negligence, p.
1692.

Concurring negligence, p. 1698.

Control and management of con-
veyance, p. 1707.

Declaration, petition or complaint,
p. 2611.

Definition, p. 1695.

Facilities for alighting and condi-
tion of place, p. 1700.

General statement of rules, p. 1694.

Injuries carrier could not foresee,
p. 1696.

Instructions as to proximate cause,
p. 1688.

Intervening cause, pp. 1693, 1696.

Misdirection as to arrival of train,
p. 1705.

Overloading conveyance, p. 1953.

Protection of passengers, p. 1711.

Question for jury, p. 1699.

Receiving and discharging passen-
gers, p. 1702.

Roadbed and track, p. 1701.

Several acts of negligence, p. 1698.

Stations and stopping places, p.
1699.

Vehicles, p. 1701.
Public enemy, p. 1681.
Public policy, p. 1503.
Pullman :

See "Palace Cars and Sleeping Car
Companies."

Punitive damages:

See infra. "Exemplary Damages."
Questions of law and fact, p. 2845:
Actions for breach of contract in

general, p. 2845.
Actions for personal injuries, p.

2856.
Acts of carrier's employees, p. 2867.
Acts of fellow passengers or other

third persons, p. 2870.
Authority of carrier's employee, ix

2«47.
r.lind passenger, p. 2S6().
Care as to passengers under dis-

-^h'litv. T'. 28()fi.
Cars, p. 2880:

Cars and equipment of street
railroads, p. 2881.



,142



INDEX.



CARRIERS OF PASSENGERS, cont'd.
Questions of law and fact, cont'd.
Cars, confd.

Condition of car, p. 2880.
Defective cars, pp. 2880, 2881,

2891
Inspection of car, p. 2880.
Railroad cars, p. 2880.
Children, p. 2867.
Collision, p. 2894:

Collision at crossing, p. 2897.
Failure to keep switch locked,

p. 2897.
General rule, p. 2894.
Illustrations, pp. 2S94-289S.
Nonsuit or direction of verdict,
p. 2898.
Companies or persons liable, p.

2913.
Condition and use of carrier's

premises, p. 2871.
Contributory negligence, p. 2846.
Derailment, p. 2898:

Defective cars, p. 2899.
Derailment caused by condi-
tion of track, p. 2900.
General rule, p. 2S9S.
Illustrations, pp. 2898-2899.
Alisplaced switch, p. 2900.
Stone on track, p. 2900.
Ii^jection of passengers:

See "Ejection of Passengers."
Elevators, p. 288,3.
Inspection, p. 1844.
Intoxicated passenger, p. 2866.
Invading province of jury, p. 2940.
Jerks and jolts of trains or cars, p.
2890:
Conflicting evidence, p. 2891.
General rule, p. 2890.
Suddenly starting conveyance

p. 2892.
Suddenly stopping conveyance

p. 2892.
Unu«ual or unnecessary, p
2892.
Lighting station and premises, p

2873.
Management of conveyance, p
2883:
Car steps, p. 2884.
Collision, p. 2894.
Conflicting evidence, p. 2885.
Crowding cars, p. 2887.
Derailment, p. 2898.
Elevators, p. 2901.
Failing to keep gates closed,

p. 2884.
Illustrations, pp. 2883-2887.
In general, p. 2883.
Leaving open trap door, p.

2884.""
Leaving open vestibule door,

p. 2884.
Nonsuit or direction of verdict,

p. 2886.
Passing other vehicle or ob-
jects, p. 2893.
Rate of speed, p. 2888.
Stumbling over fellow passen-
ger's suit case, p. 2885.



CARRIERS OF PASSENGERS, cont'd.
Questions of law and fact, cont'd.

Management of conveyance, cont'd.
Sudden lurches, jerks, or jolts,

p. 2890.
When passenger's hand caught
in door, p. 2885.
Negligence, p. 1766.
Negligence, pp. 2846. 2856.

Determination of existence of

negligence, p. 2857.
Exemplorjr damage — Question

of gross negligence, p. 2861.
Illustrations, p. 2860.
Question of gross negligence
or willfulness or wantonness,
p. 2861.
Question of negligence held

for jury, p. 2859.
What constitutes negligence, p.

2856.
Where evidence conflicting, p.

2858.
W'here evidence insufficient to

sustain verdict, p. 2858.
Whether presumption of neg-
ligence rebutted, p. 2861.
Number and efficiency of employ-
ees, p. 2868.
Operation of trains at places where
passengers are being received or
discharged, p. 2878.
Protection of passengers, p. 2902.
Proximate and remote cause, pp.

2847, 2911.
Reasonableness of carrier's regula-
tion, p. 2847.
Relation of carrier and passenger:
See "Relation of Carrier and
Passenger."
Roadbed and track, p. 2882.
Setting down passengers, p. 2903:
Alighting from moving train,

p. 2905.
Assisting passengers to alight,

p. 2904.
In general, p. 2903.
Misleading invitation to alight,

p. 2906.
Providing safe place or means

for alighting, p. 2910.
Setting down passenger at im-
proper place, p. 2904.
Starting or moving train while
passenger is alighting, p. 2906.
Taking case from jury, pp.

2903, 2909.
What is reasonable time for
passenger to alight, p. 2009.

Speed, p. 2888:

General rule, p. 2888.

Illustrations, p. 2889.

Passing curve, p. 2889.
Taking up passengers, p. 2875:

In general, p. 2875.

Starting or moving car while
passenger is boarding same,
p. 2876.
Venue, p. 2862.
Wilfulness or wantonness, p. 2862.



INDEX.



4143



CARRIERS OF PASSENGERS, cont'd.
Reasonable care, p. 1741:

See infra, "Degree of Care Re-
quired."
Reasonable time to get on or off, pp.

1532, 1876, 1879:
Allowance of time for alighting

passenger to return for baggage,

papers, etc., p. 1897.
Allowing reasonable time to get

on or off, p. 1879.
Allowing time to alight from rail-
road train, p. 1883.
Allowing time to alight from street

car, p. 1889.
Allowing time to board street car,

p. 1887.
Allowing time to board railroad

train, p. 1881.
Allowing time to reach place of

safety, p. 1892.
Duty reciprocal, p. 1885.
Duty to see whether passengers
have gotten on or off, p. 1898:
Difference between obligation
of railroad and street rail-
way companies, p. 1898.
Duty of railroad companies, p.

1 899.
Duty of street railways, p. 1900.
General rule, p. 1879.
Liability for injury to passenger

by collision while alighting, p.

1887.
Liability of carrier after allowance

of proper time to alight, p. 1S87.
]\Iixed or freight train, p. 1894.
]\Ioving train or cars prior to time

of departure, p. 1883.
Ordinance designating stopping

place, p. 1891.
Passenger alighting at intermediate

stations, p. 1887.
Starting of vehicle at signal of un-
authorized person, p. 1897.
Time to leave vehicle, p. 1883.
Time to reach place" of safety, p.

1892.
Time to secure seat, p. 1893.
Unusual jerk, p. 1882.
What constitutes a reasonable

time, p. 1895.
When duty arises, p. 1889.
When the train or street car is

merely slowed up, p. 1879.
When the train or street car is

stopped, p. 1879.
Where passenger is encumbered, p.

1884.
Receivers, p. 2089:

Liability of profits and income of

railroad, p. 2090.
Lialjility of railroad after discharge

of receiver, p. 2090.
Liability of railroad in general, p.

2090.
Liability of receiver in official ca-
pacity, p. 2089.



CARRIERS OF PASSENGERS, cont'rl.
Receivers, cont'd.

Liability of servants of receivers,

p. 2078.
Personal liability of receiver, p.
2089.
Receiving and discharging passengers,
p. 1850.
See infra, "Duty to Receive
and Carry."
Allegation of negligence, p. 2595.
Announcement of stations or stop-
ping places, p. 1905.
Assisting passengers to board or

alight, p. 1910.
Awaking sleeping passengers, p.

1909.
Carriers by water, p. 3984.
Declaration, petition or complaint,

pp. 2574, 2595.
Directions as to boarding trains, p.

1918.
Duties and liabilities in taking on
and letting off passengers, p.
1865:
Degree of care, p. 1866.
General rule, p. 1865.
Reasonable opportunity to get

on or off, p. 1865.
Scope of treatment, p. 1865.
Duties when passengers are re-
ceived at other than usual place,
p. 1875.
Duty to carry to and stop at des-
tination:
See infra. "Duty to Carry to
and Stop at Destination."
Duty to receive and discharge pas-
sengers at usual place:
See infra, "Duty to Receive and
Discharge Passengers at
Usual Place."
Duty to see whether passengers
have gotten on or off, p. 1898:
Difference between obligation
of railroad and street rail-
way companies, p. 1898.
Duty of street railway com-
panies, p. 1898.
Duty of street railway com-
panies, p. 1900.
Duty to stop and take up:

See infra, "Duty to Stop and
Take up."
Duty to stop train or street car, p.

1878.
Duty to warn passengers of dan-
ger, p. 1927.
Evidence, p. 2743:

Admissibility in general, p.

2743.
Alighting at other than usual

place, p. 2747.
Assistance of passengers, p.

2749.
Boarding or alighting from

moving car, p. 2745.
Carrying beyond destination,

p. 2753.
Collateral issues, p. 2744.



4144



INDEX.



CARRIERS OF PASSENGERS, cont'd.
Receiving and discharging passengers,
cont'd.
Evidence, cont'd.

Conduct, usage, or manner of

operation, p. '2745.
Crowded condition of car, p.

2749.
Establishment of stopping

places, p. 2747.
Evidence whether car stopped

at place claimed, p. 2747.
Illustrations, pp. 2744-2749.
Issue as to stopping of vehicle,

p. 2746.
Misleading or implied invita-
tion, p. 2747.
Notice of intention to alight,

p. 27.51.
Sudden starting, p. 2749.
Time to board or alight, p.

2749.
To show length of time of

stop, p. 2753.
Usual stopping place, p. 2746.
Fellow passenger act, p. 1918.
Instructions:

Setting down passengers, pp.
2965, 2984:
Assisting passengers *-c

alight, p. 2980.
Burden of proof of rea-
sonable opportunity to
alight, p. 2985.
General rules, p. 2984.
Illustrations, pp. 2984-2989.
Passing usual stopping

place, p. 2986.
Starting or moving train
while passenger alight-
ing, p. 2989.
Taking up passengers:

Degree of care required, p.

2965.
Illustrations, pp. 2965-2966-

2967.
Reasonable time for pas-
senger to board, and as-
sistance, p. 2965.
Starting or moving car
while passenger boarding
same, p. 2967.
Liability for act of fellow passen-
ger, p. 1918.
Management of train in drawing
up to platform of stopping
place, p. 1876:
Duration of stop, pp. 1876, 1879.
General rules, p. 1876.
Illustrations, p. 1876.
Temporary stop, pp. 1876, 1879.
Misdirection as to arrival or de-
parture of train, p. 1929.
Misleading invitations to alight:
See infra, "Alighting from
Train."
Notifying passengers of starting of

train, p. 1916.
Presumptions and burden of proof,

p. 2682.
Proximate and remote cause, p.
1702.



CARRIERS OF PASSENGERS, cont'd.
Receiving and discharging passengers,
cont'd.
Questions of law and fact:

Setting down passengers, p.
290:3:
.\lighting from moving

train, p. 2905.
Assisting passengers to

alight, p. 2904.
In general, p. 2903.
Misleading invitation to

alight, p. 2906.
Providing safe place or
means for alighting, p.
2910.
Setting down passenger at

improper place, p. 2904.
Starting or moving train
while passenger is alight-
ing, p. 2906.
Taking case from jury, pp.

2903, 9209.
What is reasonable time
for passenger to alight,
p. 2909.
Taking up passengers, p. 2875.
In general, p. 2875.
Starting or moving car
while passenger is board-
ing same, p. 2876.
Reasonable time to get on or of?:
See infra, "Reasonable Time to
Get on or Off."
Regulations as to time and place

of receiving, p. 1850.
Rules and regulations as to en-
tering trains, p. 1850.
Refusal to receive and carry:

See infra, "Dutv to Receive and
Carry."
Relation of carrier and passenger:

See "Relation of Carrier and Pas-
senger."
Replication, p. 2631.
Rescue of passenger falling from train,

p. 1971.
Res gestae:

.•\ctions for personal injuries, p.
2710.
Riding on front platform:

Notice of rules, p. 199.
Riding on platform:

See "Contributory Negligence."
Riding on step or footboard:

See "Contributory Negligence."
Right and duty to ride on particular
train or car, p. 1664:
Crowded condition of street car, p.

1665.
General rule, p. 1664.
Round trip ticket, p. 1665.
Several carriers using same road, p.

1668.
Ticket calling for particular train,

p. 1666.
Tickets requiring change of trains,

p. 1666.
Trains not stopping at passenger's

destination, p. 1666.
Vehicles not designated for passen-
gers, p. 1667.



INDEX.



4145



CARRIERS OF PASSENGERS, cont'd.
Rights, p. 1652.
Roadbed and track, p. 1807:
Act of God, p. 180T.
Allegation of negligence, p. 2.593.
Declaration, petition or complaint.

p. 2.593.
Degree of care required, p. 1807.
Evidence, p. 2734:

Admissibility ^n general, p.

2734.
Evidence as to condition of

track or roadbed, p. 2734.
General condition of road, p.

2734.
Obstructions, p. 2738.
Other accidents and transac-
tions, pp. 272;5, 2730, 2737.
Parallel tracks — Cars passing

each other, p. 2738.
Piece of broken rail, p. 2736.
Recommendation of state rail-
road commissioner, p. 2738.
General rule, p. 1807.
Inspection and repair:

See infra, "Inspection and Re-
pair."
Obstructions on track:

See infra, "Obstructions on
Track."
Obvious dangers, p. 1808.
Presumptions and burden of proof,

pp. 2681, 2682.
Proximate and remote cause, p.

1701.
Question for jury, p. 1809.
Questions of law and fact, p. 2882.
Roadbed, p. 1809:

Construction of cuts and fills,

p. 1810.
Railroad companies, p. 1809.
Street railways, p. 1811.
Test as to care of road, etc., re-
quired of company, p. 1808
Tracks and appliances, p. 1812;
General rule. p. 1812.
Obstructions:

See infra, "Obstructions on
Track."
Railroad companies, p. 1812.
Rails, p. 1812.
Street railways, p. 1817.
Switches, p. 1813.
Ties, p. 1812.
Weight and sufficiency of evidence
as to negligence in respect to
condition of means of transpor-
tation, p. 2790, 2801.
Route, p. 1668:

Carrier operating two routes, p.

1668.
Misrepresentations as to route, p.

1668.
Published schedule and connec-
tions, p. 1669.
Special contract, p. 1669.
Tickets not calling for liranch

road, p. 1668.
Varying from scheduled trip, p.
1668.



CARRIERS OF PASSENGERS, confd.

Rules and regulations of carriers, p.
1936:
See "Rules and Regulations of
Carriers."
Entering trains, p. 1850.
Regulations as to time and place

of receiving, p. 1850.
Violations of rules as termination
of relation of carrier and pas-
senger, p. 1530:

Assuming dangerous position,

p. 1530.
Leaving moving train or car,
p. 1531.
Safe place to board or alight and in-
tervening tracks, pp. 1789,
1824, 1830:
See "Stations and Stopping
Places."
At place other than that desig-
nated, p. 1791.
Degree of care, p. 1789.
General rule, p. 1789.
High degree of care required, p.

1789.
Ordinary care in view of dangers

apprehended, p. 1789.
Pass way leading across highway,

p. 1790.
Person pursuing train, p. 1791.
Reasonably safe place, p. 1789.
Running trains on intervening

tracks, p. 1791.
Safe exit, p. 1789.
Scenic railways, p. 1488.
Schedule:

See infra, "Timetable."
Duty to inform passengers as to
movements of trains, p. 1801.
Scope of employment:

See infra, "Liability for Acts
and Omissions of Servants."
Wilful acts, p. 2040.
Seats:

Refusal to pay unless provided

with seat, p. 2427.
Rights and duties as to providing
seats, p. 1954.

Self-defense:

See infra, "Assault and Battery."

Separate coaches:

Criminal law, p. 177.
Separation of male and female passen-
gers, p. 1943.
Separation of white and colored pas-
sengers, pp. 1943, 1944.
Acts of Congress, p. 1947.
Civil rights act, p. 1947.
Compelling passenger to leave car,

p. 1948.
Declaration, petition or complaint,

p. 2574.
Degree of care and lialiility in-
curred, p. 1948.
Duty to i)rotcct passengers, p. 2025:
"Disorder, p. 2025.



4146



INDEX.



CARRIERS OF PASSENGERS, cont'd.
Separation of white and colored pas-
sengers, cont'd.
Liability of company \yhere
passengers allowed to inter-
mingle, p. 2025.
Ejection of passengers, p. 2409.
Equal, but separate accommoda-
tions for white and colored pas-
sengers, p. 3511.
Equality of accommodations, p.

1949.
Evidence, p. 2755.
Interstate and foreign commerce,

p. 3511.
Liability for acts of conductor, p.

1949.
Liability of carriers, p. 1948.
Mistake as to color, p. 1949.
Reasonableness of rules, p. 1945.
Regulations of the carrier, p. 1944.
Statutes prohibiting the separation,

p. 1947.
Statutes requiring the separation,

p. 1945.
To whom statutes apply, p. 1947.
Servants:

See infra, "Master and Servant."
Setting down passengers:

See infra, "Receiving and Dis-
charging Passengers."
Ships:

See "Carriers by Water."
Sick or injured passengers:

Duty to care for sick or injured
passengers, p. 1972.
Signals:

Notifying passengers of starting of

train, p. 1916.
Omission of signals required by
statute, p. 1983.
Sleeping cars:

See "Palace Cars and Sleeping Car
Companies."
Sleeping passengers:

Awaking sleeping passengers, pp.
1907, 1909.
Snow and ice on platform, p. 1786.
Special trains, p. 1494:

See "Relation of Carrier and Pas-



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