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Thomas Johnson Michie.

A treatise on the law of carriers (Volume 4) online

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charge, p. 1137:
As to valuation and weight, p. 1140.
Capacity to make, p. 1137.
Conformity to published tariffs,

p. 1139.
Consideration, p. 1138.
Construction, p. 1139.
Duration, p. 1140.
Effect, p. 1139.
]\Ieeting of minds, p. 1137.
Operation, p. 1139.
Rate payable, p. 1139.
Requisites, p. 1137.
Validity, p. 1138.
Value as basis of charge, p. 1138.
Standards for hxing charge, p. 1137:
Measure or weight, p. 1137.
Value or risk assumed, p. 1137.
State may prohil)it greater charge for

short than for long haul, p. 73.
Statutes:

Mode of arriving at effect of stat-
utes reducing rates, p. 58.
Stoppage in transitu:

Compensation for stoppage in tran-
sit for inspection, etc., p. 1152.
Right of carrier to retain goods for
charges, p. 1248.
Storage charges:

Lien for freight and storage charges
over connecting line, p. 1161.
Stranding, p. 1146.
Street railroads, p. 65:

Statutes regulating rates of rail-
road companies not ai)plical)k' to
street railways, p. 65.
Tender, pp. 23.!, 1 142:

Actions for failure to deliver or
misdelivery, p. 580.



CHARGES, cont'd.
Tender and refusal:

See "Duty to Receive and Carry."
Tickets:

See "Tickets and Fares."
To whom or to what business or route

regulations are applicable, p. 65.
Transfers to connecting lines of same

company, p. 76.
Undervaluation, p. 1140.
Valuation, pp. 1137, 1138, 1140.
Value as basis of charge, pp. 1140, 1147.
Vessel condemned by foreign tribunal.

p. 1146.
Weight, pp. 1137, 1140.
When a statute will be construed as

impliedly repealing a prior statute,

p. 71.

CHARTER

Exemption from regulation by charter
or statute:
See "Exemption from Regulation
by Charter or Statute."

CHARTERED CARS

Liability of carrier for goods shipped
on chartered cars, p. 774.

CHARTER PARTIES

See "Contracts of Affreightment."

CHATTEL MORTGAGES

Stoppage in transitu, pp. 1216, 1227.

CHECK

See "Baggage."

CHILDREN

Contributory negligence, p. 2150.

Alighting from moving train, p.

2254.
Alighting from train, p. 2232.
Dangerous position, p. 2166.
Head out of window, p. 2205.
Leaving premises by improper

course, p. 2271.
Moving car, p. 2158.
Passing from one car to another,

p. 2225.
Questions of law and fact, p. 2321.
Riding on platform, p. 2191.
Riding on step or footboard, p. 2199.
Degree of care required of, p. 2120.
Imputable negligence, p. 2163.
Licensees, trespassers, intruders, etc:
See "Licensees, Trespassers, In-
truders, etc."
Questions of law and fact, p. 2867.
Relation of carrier and passenger, pp.
1562, 1565.

CIRCUS

I imitation of liability:

Circus employees, p. 2102.

kfbition of carrier and ])assengcr:

(.'ircus cimipaiiy cniidi lyees, p. 1574.

CIVIL RIGHTS

See "Carriers of Passengers."



4154



INDEX.



CLAIMS

Notice of loss and presentation of
claim:
See "Notice of Loss and Presenta-
tion of Claim."
Penalty for failure to pay or adjust
claims:
See "Penalties for Violations of
Regulations."
Presentation of claim:

See "Notice of Loss and Presenta-
tion of Claim."
Stipulations requiring- adjustment of
claims, p. 11:31.

CLEAN BILLS OF LADING, p. 402.

COAL

Duty to receive and carrj', p. ^?A^.

C. O. D., p. 569.

Carriers of live stock, p. 1302.
Delivery by carrier, p. 569.
Duty to receive and carry:

Duty as to C. O. D. shipment, p.

245.
Usages and customs, p. 245.
Liability as warehouseman, p. 572.
Liability for collection of price, p. 570.
Liability to consignee, p. 572.
Necessity for undertaking to collect,

p. 569.
Notice to consignor, p. 572.
Ratification of delivery without collec-
tion, p. 570.
Usages and customs, p. 245.
What amounts to contract to collect, p.
570.

COLLISION

See "Carriers of Passengers."

COLORED PERSONS

Criminal law:

Separate coaches, p. 177.

COMBINATIONS OF CARRIERS, p.

113.
See "Monopolies and Corporate
Trusts."

COMMERCE

See "Interstate and Foreign Com-
merce."

COMMERCE COURT

See "Interstate and Foreign Com-
merce."

COMMERCIAL TRAVELERS AND
DRUMMERS

Baggage, p. :'.l:.'l.

Interstate and foreign commerce, p.
3434.

COMMISSION MERCHANTS

See "Factors and Commission Mer-
chants."

COMMISSIONS, p. 22.

See "Interstate and Foreign Com-
merce."



COMMISSIONS, cont'd.
Appeal and error:

Appellate proceedings, pp. 127, 128.
Mode of procedure to obtain re-
view, p. 127.
Record on appeal, p. 12S.
Time within which appeal may be
made, p. 12S.
Charges:

See "Charges."
Constitutionality of statutes creating

commissions, p. 39.
Constitutional provisions and statutes
delegating power to commissions con-
strued, p. 40.
Contracts:

Conformity to rates, rules and
classification of state corporation
commission, p. 428.
Control and regulation:

See "Control and Regulation."
Delegation of power:

Charges, p. 38.
Evidence:

Admissibility, p. 127.
Failure of carrier to furnish, or delay in

furnishing cars, p. 158.
How commission must exercise power,

p. 23.
Injunction, p. 128:

See "Injunction."
Another remedy as precluding in-
junction, p. 131.
Injunction on ground that rates

are confiscatory, p. 130.
Injunction on ground that rates
are unjust and unreasonable, p.
129.
Injunction will not He before rates

are fixed, p. 129.
Irreparable injury — Facts authoriz-
ing preliminary injunction, p. 129.
Proceedings which are legislative
in nature subject to injunctive
process, p. 128.
Taking property without due proc-
ess of law or denial of equal pro-
tection of laws, p. 130.
When enforcement of rates pre-
scribed by commission will be en-
joined, p. 128.
Whether suit against state, p. 128.
Interstate commerce commission:

See "Interstate and Foreign Com-
merce."
Jurisdiction of proceedings to enforce

regulations, p. 121.
Legislature may create and delegate
power to railroad commission, p. 22.
Necessary prerequisites to regulations,

p. 42.
Presumptions and burden of proof:

Presumption that rates fixed by
commission are lawful, just and
reasonable, p. 124.
Rules, orders, or findings of com-
mission presumed to be reason-
able and just, p. 123.
Procedure upon review of orders or de-
cisions of a commission, p. 127.



INDEX.



4155



COMMISSIONS, confd.

Proceeding before commission, p. 121.

Regulations by commission in excess of
statutory power, p. 42.

Statutory and constitutional provisions,
pp. 22, 26.

Validity of delegation of power, p. 38.

What commission orders will be en-
forced, p. 121.

COMMON CARRIERS

Baggage wagon, p. 8.
Bills of lading:

As imposing liability of common
carriers, p. 340.
Carriers by water:

See "Carriers by Water."
Carriers of goods:

See "Carriers of Goods."
Carriers of live stock:

See "Carriers of Live Stock."
Carriers of passengers:

See "Carriers of Passengers."
Charges:

See "Charges."
Conduct of business in general, p. 30.
Connecting carriers:

See "Connecting Carriers."
Control and regulation:

See "Control and Regulation."
Dead bodies:

See "Dead Bodies."
Definition, pp. 1, 3, 209.
Definition of interstate and foreign

commerce, p. 3607.
Delay in transportation or delivery:

See "Delay in Transportation or
Deliver3^"
Draymen, p. 8.
Expressman, p. 7.
Ferries, pp. 1838. 1839:

Ferrymen as common carriers,
p. 11.
Forwarding companies, p. 7.
Insurer:

See "Loss or Injury to Goods."
Limitation of liability:

See "Limitation of Liability."

Power to divest itself of character
of common carrier, p. 931.
Livery stable keepers, p. 10.
Live stock:

See "Carriers of Live Stock."
Mail contractors, p. 10.
Messenger company, p. 9.
Mines and minerals:

Mine owner constructing a rail-
road switch, p. 6.
Omnibus, p. 8.

Palace cars and sleeping car compa-
nies, p. 3201.
Passengers:

See "Carriers of Passengers."
Persons and corporations who are

common carriers, p. 4.
Presumptions and burden of proof:

Burden of proof that defendant is
a common carrier, p. 818.
Private carriers:

Common carrier acting as private
carrier, p. 4.



COMMON CARRIERS, confd.
Private carriers, cont'd.

Common carriers and private car-
riers distinguished, p. 3.
Power of common carrier to con-
tract as private carrier, p. 417.
Railroads, p. 4:

Lessee of railroad as common car-
rier, p. 5.
Receivers, p. 5.
Ships and shipping:

Owners of ships carrying goods
for hire as common carriers,
p. 10.
Spur lines:

Owners of spur lines, p. 6.
Stages:

Proprietors as common carriers,
p. 8.
State:

State as common carrier, p. 3.
Storage company, p. 10.
Stoppage in transitu:

See "Stoppage in Transitu."
Street railways, p. 6.
Switches:

Owners of spur lines or switches^
p. 6.
Telegraph company, p. 9.
Terminal company, p. 5.
Transfer company, p. 10.
Transportation company, p. 7.
Truckmen, p. 8.
Tugs and tows:

Boats engaged in towing as com-
mon carriers, p. 12.
Warehouseman :

See "Carrier as Warehouseman."
Who are common carriers, pp. 4, 209.

COMPARATIVE NEGLIGENCE, p.

2403.

COMPENSATION

See "Charges;" "Tickets and
Fares."

COMPLAINT

See "Indictment and Information."

COMPRESS COMPANY

Cotton :

Delivery of cotton to compress
company, pp. 281, 290.
Limitation of liability:

Receipts of compress company, p.
96,3.
Usages and customs:

Delivery of cotton to compress
company, p. 282.

CONDITIONAL SALES

Riglit of action against carrier, p. 492.

CONDITIONS

See "Transfers;" "Tickets and
I'arcs."

CONDITIONS PRECEDENT

Contracts of affreiglitincnl :

Sec "Contracts of .'Mfreiglitmenl."



4156



INDEX.



CONDUCTOR

See "Carriers of Passengers;"
"Master and Servant;'* "Princi-
pal and Agent;" "Tickets and
Fares."
Assault and battery:

See "Carriers of Passengers."
Ejection of passengers:

See "Ejection of Passengers.'

CONFLICT OF LAWS

Bills of lading:

Foreign laws, p. 330.

Issue of bill of lading before re-
ceipt of goods, p. 313.

Laws governing indorsements, p.
329.

Laws governing interpretation, p.

329.
Carrier as warehouseman, p. 887.
Carriers by water, p. 3976:

Limitations of liability, pp. 1361,

1365, 4017.
Notice of loss and presentation of
claim, p. 1409.
Carriers of passengers:

Carriage by water, p. 3976.
Enforcement of Nebraska statute
making carrier liable as insurer,
p. 1766.
Relation of carrier and passenger:
See infra, "Relation of Carrier
and Passenger."

Contracts, p. 430.

Contracts of affreightment, p. 3869.

Foreign laws:

Bills of lading, p. 330.

Carriers of live stock, p. 1387.

Pleading of foreign laws, p. 1027.
Limitation of liability, pp. 939, 1361,
1365:

Amount of liability, p. 1053.

Carriers by water, p. 4017.

Connecting carriers, pp. 3351, 3352.

Construction, p. 943.

Contracts made and to be partly
performed in the state of forum,
p. 942.

Contracts to be performed wholly
without state of forum, p. 943.

Contracts to be performed partly
within state where made and
partly in state of forum, p. 943.

Contract void under lex loci con-
tractus, p. 942.

Fires, p. 959.

Foreign shipments, pp. 941, 942.

Interstate shipments, p. 941.

Limitation of amount of liability,
p. 1053.

Notice of loss and presentation of
claim, p. 1085.

Right of carrier incorporated in a
state to contract under laws of
another state, p. 944.

Stipulations affecting only the rem-
edv. p. 943.

Stipulations as to what law gov-
erns, p. 944.



CONFLICT OF LAWS, cont'd.
Limitation of liability, cont'd.

Sufficiency of assent determined by

lex loci contractus, p. 943.
Validity, p. 939.
Loss or injury to goods, p. 721.
Relation of carrier and passenger, p.
1489:
Illustrations, pp. 1489-1491.
In general, p. 1489.
Lex loci delicto, p. 1491.
Part performance, p. 1490.
Performance of contract, p. 1489.
Personal injuries, p. 1491.
What law governs relationship, p.
1489.
Stipulations limiting time within which
suit must be brought, p. 1120.

CONGRESS

See "Interstate and Foreign Com-
merce;" "Regulation and Con-
trol."
Railroads incorporated under act of
congress, p. 36.

CONNECTING CARRIERS, p. 3244.

See "Connections with and Facil-
ities to Other Carriers."
Actions, p. 3386:

Declaration, petition or complaint:
See infra, "Declaration, Peti-
tion or Complaint."
Evidence:

See infra, "Evidence."
Instructions, p. 3411.
Judgment, p. 3416.
Jurisdiction, p. 3387.
Limitation of liability:
Instructions, p. 3368.
Nonsuit, p. 3367. "
Plea or answer, p. 3366.
Presumptions and burden of

proof, p. 3367.
Questions for jury, p. 3368.
Measure of damages:

See infra, "Measure of Dam-
ages."
Parties:

See infra, "Parties."
Pleading, p. 3389.
Plea or answer:

See infra, "Plea or Answer."
Presumptions and burden of proof:
See infra, "Presumptions and
Burden of Proof."
Province of court and jury, p. 3413.
Rights of action, p. 3386.
Venue, p. 3387.
Verdict, p. 3416.
Amendment, p. 3391.
Answer:

See infra, "Plea or Answer."
Baggage:

See "Baggage."
Bills of lading:

Effect as binding intermediate and
terminal carrier, p. 402.
Burden of proof:

See infra, "Presumptions and Bur-
den of Proof."



INDEX.



4157



CONNECTING CARRIERS, cont'd.
Carrier as warehouseman:

Goods awaiting delivery to con-
necting carrier, p. 885.
Goods being delivered to connect-
ing carrier, p. 887.
Carriers of goods, p. 3248.
Carriers of goods and live stock, p.
3248:
Capacity in which connecting car-
rier acts and how it is affected
by initial carrier's contract with
shipper, p. 3272.
Delay in transportation or deliver>':
See infra. "Delay in Transpor-
tation or Delivery."
Delivery to consignee, p. 3273.
Duty of a forwarding consignee, p.

3272.
Duty to receive and carry, pp. 3247,

3249.
Duty to receive and transport cars
and freight delivered by a con-
necting carrier, p. 3270.
Duty to ship by particular route,

p. 1283.
Loss of' or injury to cars, goods,
or live stock:
See infra, "Loss of or Injury
to Cars, Goods, or Live
Stock."

Liability for loss on connecting
carrier, p. 1386.

Special contracts, p. 1293.
Trafific arrangements between car-
riers, p. 3248.
Transportation beyond carrier's
line, p. 3249:
See infra, "Transportation be-
yond Carrier's Line."
Use by carrier of connecting car-
rier's cars, p. 3275.
See infra, "Carriers of Goods
and Live Stock."
Carriers of passengers, p. 3314:
Companies and persons liable:

See "Carriers of Passengers."
Contracts for through transporta-
tion, p. 3315.
Duty to transport, p. 3315.
Effect of agreements between con-
necting carriers and joint liabil-
ity, p. 3323.

Effect of contract of through trans-
portation, p. 3315.

Effect of withdrawal of connecting

line, p. 3318.
Injuries to passengers, p. 3319:
In general, p. 3319.
Lial)ility of initial carrier:

Effect of sale of coupon

ticket, p. 3322.
Injuries on the line of the
succeeding or a subse-
quent carrier, p. 3320.
Injuries resulting from mis-
representation of initial
carrier's agent as to the
best route, p. 3320.



CONNECTING CARRIERS, cont'd.
Carriers of passengers, cont'd.

Injuries to passengers, cont'd.

Liability of initial carrier, cont'd.
Injuries resulting from
negligence of a subordi-
nate carrier, p. 3320.
Injury on wharf connect-
ing carrier's line with
steamboat, p. 33:^ ».
Liability for accident hap-
pening on a special ex-
cursion train, p. 3322.
Liability for assault by
employee of a connect-
ing carrier, p. 3322.
Liability under contract.
p. 3320.
Liability for acts of agent making
, the contract, p. 3318.
Obligation of carrier to honor
tickets issued by another carrier,
p. 3318.
On what trains passengers received
from a connecting carrier must
be transported, p. 3319.
System of dominant and subordi-
nate carriers, p. 3315.
Through tickets issued in the form

of coupons, p. 3316.
Through tickets limited as to time,

p. 3319.
Trafific arrangements, p. 3314.
Transportation beyond carrier's

line, p. 3315.
What constitutes a contract for
through transportation, p. 3315.
Cars:

See "Contracts for Cars or
Other Means of Transporta-
tion."
Loss or injury to cars, p. 32S2.
Charges:

Joint tariff between two or more

roads, p. 75.
Reasonableness of regulations,

p. 57.
Rights of connecting carrier, p.
1147:
Combination as to rates, p.

1147.
Power of initial to bind suc-
ceeding carrier, p. 1447.
Right to divide through freight,

p. 1147.
When freight due or demand-
able, p. 1147.
Transfers to connecting lines of
same company, p. 76.
Companies and persons liable:

See "Carriers of Passengers."
Complaint:

See infra, "Declaration, Petition or
Complaint."
Contracts:

See infra, "Transportation beyond
Carrier's Line."
Contracts for cars or other means of
transportation:
See "Contracts for Cars or Other
Means of Transportation."



4158



INDEX.



CONNECTING CARRIERS, cont'd.
Contracts for through transportation,

pp. 3250, 3315.
Contracts with connecting carrier, pp.

417, 418.
Control and regulation:

See "Connections with and Facili-
ties to Other Carriers."

Damages:

See infra. "Measure of Damages."
Declaration, petition or complaint, p.
3398:
Alternative averments, p. 3390.
Amendment, p. 3391.
Correspondence between allega-
tions and proof, p. 3391.
Essential averments, p. 3389.
Definition, p. 3246.

Delay in transportation or delivery, p.
3275:
Liability in general, p. 3275.
Liability of initial carrier, p. 3275:
Defenses in actions for delay,

p. 3280.
Delay caused by carrier's fail-
ure to feed and water stock,
p. 3276.
Delay of the succeeding, or of
a subsequent carrier, p. 3276.
Delay resulting from failure to
conform to shipper's direc-
tions or to give proper notice
to succeeding carrier, p. 3276.
Delay resulting from succeeding
carrier's inability to receive
or forward goods, p. 3279.
General rules, p. 3275.
Liability imposed by statute, p.

3278.
Liability in absence of statute,
contract, or traffic agreement,
p. 3276.
Liability under contract, p.

3278.
Liability where connecting car-
rier refuses to receive goods,
p. 3280.
Liability of intermediate or last
carrier, p. 3281:
Delay caused by a preceding or

subsequent carrier, p. 3281.
General rules, p. 3281.
Insufficient excuses for delay,

p. 3282.
Liability of second carrier to
first carrier for delay in re-
ceiving goods, p. 3282.
Negligence causing unreason-
able delay, p. 3281.
Delivery by carrier, p. 3273:

See infra, "Delay in Transpor-
tation or Delivery."
Delivering stock to stockyard, p.

3363.
Delivery to succeeding carrier, pp.

3262, '3359.
Termination of liability of initial
or prior carrier, p. 3359.



CONNECTING CARRIERS, cont'd.
Delivery to consignee, p. 3273.
Delivery to succeeding carrier, pp.
3262. 3369:
Capacity in which carrier acts in

making delivery, p. 3267.
Car placed on transfer track of

connecting carrier, p. 3264.
Delivery at place agreed on, p. 3265.
Delivery at warehouse used by both

carriers in common, p. 3265.
Delivery on Sunday, p. 3266.
Deposit of goods on carrier's wharf

or float, p. 3265.
Duty of initial carrier where suc-
ceeding carrier refuses to receive
goods, or delivery to it is imprac-
ticable, p. 3268.
Duty to deliver to or notify suc-
ceeding carrier, p. 3262.
Effect of requiring of shipper an
advance deposit equal to freight
charges for entire distance, p.
3263.
Goods must be placed where easily
accessible to succeeding carrier,
p. 3264.
Mode and sufficiency of delivery, p.

3264.
Right to determine to what con-
necting line delivery shall be
made, p. 3267.
Storing goods in its warehouse will
not relieve carrier of responsibil-
ity, p. 3264.
Time of delivery, p. 3267.
Waiver of deliver}^ by succeeding

carrier, p. 3269.
When delivery to succeeding car-
rier not required, p. 3263.
Deviation, p. 503:

See "Route and Deviation
Therefrom."
Necessity for and justification of
deviation or forwarding by an-
other carrier, p. 505.
Discrimination, p. 3247.
Discrimination in favor of one of sev-
eral connecting carriers, p. 109:
Discrimination as to interchange of

business, p. 110.
Discrimination as to prepayment of

freight charges, p. 110.
Duty to give like through rates to
all connecting carriers, p. 109.
Dismissal, discontinuance and nonsuit:

Limitation of liability, p. 3367.
Duties in general, p. 3247.
Duty to receive and carry, pp. 3247,

3249, 3270.
Ejection of passengers:

Liability of connecting and co-op-
erating carriers, p. 2495:
Effect of traffic agreement, p.

2496.
ExeniDtion from liability, p.

2495.
Illustrations, pp. 2496, 2497.



INDEX.



4159



CONNECTING CARRIERS, cont'd.

Evidence, p. 3392:

Admissibility of evidence, p. 3400:

In action against initial and

connecting carriers, p. 3404.

In action against initial carrier.

p. 3400.
In action against intermediate
or last carrier, p. 340:2.
■ Weight and sufficiency, p. 3404.
Facilities to other carriers:

See "Connections with and Facili-
ties to Other Carriers."
Forwarders:

See infra, "Transportation beyond
Carrier's Line."
Initial carrier:

Duty of initial carrier where suc-
ceeding- carrier refuses to receive
goods, or delivery to it is imprac-
ticable, p. 3;2f)8.
Liability of initial carrier:

See infra. "Delay in Trans-
portation or Delivery;"
"Loss of or Injury to
Cars, Goods, or Live
Stock."
Carriers of passengers, p. 33:20.
Who is the initial carrier, p. 3248.
Instructions, p. 3411:

Limitation of liability, p. 33GS.
Transmission to succeeding carrier
of consignor's instructions, p.
3:269.
Intermediate carriers:

Liability of intermediate carrier:
See infra, "Delay in Transpor-
tation or Delivery;" "Loss of
or Injury to Cars, Goods, or
Live Stock."
InLerstate and foreign commerce:

See "Interstate and Foreign Com-
merce."
Joinder of parties, p. 3388.
Joint association:

See infra, "Traffic Arrangements
between Carriers."
Joint liability:

Carriers of passengers, p. 3323.
Effect of agreements between con-
necting carriers and joint
liability:
See infra, "Loss of or In-
jury to Cars, Goods, or
Live Stock."
Carriers of passengers, p. 33:23.
Judgment, p. 3416.
Jurisdiction, p. 3387.
Last carrier:

Liability of last carrier:

See infra, "Delay in Transpor-
tation or Delivery;" "Loss of
or Injury to Cars, Goods, or
Live Stock."
Liabilities in general, p. 3247.
Lien for charges, p. ll.")4:

Bill of lading ])rovi(ling for reshiji-

ment, p. 1154.
Freight and storage charges over
connecting line, p. 1161.



CONNECTING CARRIERS, cont'd.
Lien for charges, coit'd.

Goods missent, p. ll.").").

Initial carrier mistaking rate, p.

1156.
Property of the government, p.

1157.
Right to lien, p. 1154.
Shipping directions disregarded by

initial carrier, p. 1155.
Transfer companies, p. 1157.
Limitation of liability:

See "Limitation of Liability."
Loss of or injury to cars, goods, or live
stock, p. 3282:
Carrier not liable beyond its own

line, p. 3284.
Cars, p. 3282.

Each of connecting carriers only
liable for injuries occurring on its
portion of line, p. 3285.
Effect of agreements between con-
necting carriers and joint lia-
bility, p. 3310:
Agreement by carriers, under a
certain name, to carry, be-
tween distant points, p. 3311.
Agreements not exempting car-
rier from liability to owner
of goods, p. 3313.
Arrangement as to payment
and collection of charges, p.
3313.
Carriers under one manage-
ment or holding themselves
out as a line for through
transportation, p. 3311.
Contract making payment of
freight charges or indorse-
ment of guarantee on way-
bill essential to delivery, p.
3314.
Contracts of shipment made
with joint agent of carriers,
p. 3313.
Damages to freight resulting
from violation of traffic agree-
ment, p. 3313.
Diversion by first two carriers
and receipt by third without
sufficient shipping instruc-
tions, p. 3314.
Establishment of joint or
thrnugh tariffs of rates, p.
3312.
General rules; p. 3310.
Injuries to live stock from fail-
ure to properly feed them, p.
3314.
Joint association for transmis-
sion of through freight, p.
1311.
Liability for negligence of

joint agent, p. 3313.
Partnershi]), p. 3310.
Liability of initial carrier, p. 3286:
Constitutionality of statutes, p.

:5293.
Contracts construed, p. 3287.



4160



INDEX.



CONNECTING CARRIERS, j:ont'd.
Loss of or injury to cars, goods, or live
stock, cont'd.
Liability of initial carrier, cont'd.
Contracts for through transpor-
tation, p. 3295.
Diversion of freight from route

stipulated, p. 3297.
Efifect of failure to give name
of consignor to connecting
carrier, p. 3288.
For loss or injury on its own
line or before delivery to suc-
ceeding carrier, p. 32SG.
Liability for loss caused by



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