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Thomas Johnson Michie.

A treatise on the law of carriers (Volume 4) online

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delay in furnishing cars, p.
3288.
Liability for loss occasioned by
failure to transmit consign-
or's instructions to succeed-
ing carrier, p. 3288.
Liability for loss or injury by
the succeeding or by a sub-
sequent carrier, p. 3288.
Liability imposed by statute, p.
3292.
• Liability of a forwarder, p.

3288.
Liability under contract, p.

3293.
Liability under contract for
through transportation of live
stock, p. 3297.
Liability under contract to re-
ice car, p. 3297.
Negligence of initial carrier
causing loss or injury after
delivery to succeeding car-
rier p. 3290.
Place of delivery of goods as
affecting carrier's liability, p.
3296.
Statutory exemption from lia-
bility, p. 3291.
Storage by carrier in its ware-
house insufficient to termi-
nate liability, p. 3387.
Undertaking implied from, ac-
ceptance of goods consigned
to place beyond line, p. 3291.
Liability of intermediate or last
carrier, p. 3298:
Carrier not liable for acts of

preceding carriers, p. 3304.
Each carrier liable only for
loss or injury occurring on
its own line, p 330.5.
Effect of failure to examine
goods or to inspect manner
of loading, p. 3307.
Effect of refusal to deliver
goods until the whole freight
is paid, p. 3308.
Facts not relieving carrier

from liability, p. 3308.
General rules, p. 3298.
Liability for failure to give live
stock" rest, water, and food,
p. 3303.



CONNECTING CARRIERS, coufd.
Loss of or injury to cars, goods, or live
stock, cont'd.
Liability of intermediate or last
carrier, cont'd.
Liability for injury occurring
after delivery by intermedi-
ate carrier to shipper, p. 3302.
Liability for loss of goods in
cars of lessee of terminal fa-
cilities, p. 3303.
Liability for loss of or injury
to property transported in
cars of a preceding carrier, p.
3302.
Liability for loss or injury
by a preceding or subsequent
carrier, p. 3304.
Liability imposed by statute, p.

3306.
Liability of a carrier diverting
shipment from route stipu-
lated, p. 3304.
Liability under contract, p.

3307.
Recovery over by initial car-
rier from a subsequent car-
rier, p. 3308.
When liability commences and

terminates, p. 3300.
Where initial carrier contracts
for through transportation, p.
3299.
Loss of or injury to cars, p. 3282.
Loss of or injury to live stock, p.

3284.
Statutes construed, p. 3284.
Measure of damages, p. 3409:

In action against initial carrier, p.

3409.
In action against intermediate or
last carrier, p. 3411.
Negligence:

See infra, "Delay in Transpor-
tation or Delivery;" "Loss of
or Injury to Cars, Goods, or
Live Stock."
Injuries to passengers:

See infra, "Carriers of Passen-
gers."
Notice:

Duty to deliver to or notify suc-
ceeding carrier, p. 3262.
Overcharge, p. 1196.
Parties, p. 3388:

Against whom action may be

brought — Joinder, p. 3388.
By whom or in whose name action

may be brought, p. 3388.
Necessary parties, p. 3388.
Penalty for refusal to sell passenger
tickets of a connecting carrier, p. 147.
Perishable goods, p. 616.
Petition:

See infra, "Declaration, Petition or
Complaint."
Pleading, p. 3389.
Plea or answer, p. 3391 :

Effect of failure to deny a partner-
ship alleged in petition, p. 3392.
Limitation of liability, p. 3368.
Sufficiency, p. 3391.



INDEX.



4161



CONNECTING CARRIERS, cont'd.
Power to contract beyond terminus, p.

417.
Power to contract jointly or severally,

p. 417.
Power to contract to carry beyond ter-
minus, pp. 417, 420.
Preferences and discriminations, p. 224:
See infra, "Discrimination in Favor
of One of Several Connecting
Carriers."
Presumpt'ons and burden of proof, p.
3392:
As to line on which delay occurred,

p. 3393.
As to line on which injury or loss
occurred and the responsibility
therefor, p. 3394.
As to notification of connecting
carriers by initial carrier as to
conditions of shipping contract,
p. 3393.
Burden of proof where there is a

total loss, p. 3398.
In general, p. 3392.
Limitation of liability, p. 3367.
Presumption against last _ carrier
exists though damage is con-
cealed, p. 3399.
Proof essential to presumption of
liability of terminal carrier, p.
3398.
\\'bere shipper alleges contract for
through transportation, p. 3392.
Questions of law and fact, p. 3413:
Limitation of liability, p. 3368.
Rescission, p. 454.
Rights in general, p. 3247.
Right to make connection where roads

arc adjacent, p. 3247.
Shipping receipts, p. 410.
Termination of liability of initial or
prior carrier, p. 3359:
Delivering stock to stockyard, p.

3363.
Delivery to succeeding carrier, p.

3359.
Duty to notify shipper of inability

to deliver, p. 3364.
Liability limited to that of for-
warder or warehouseman, p. 3371.
Refusal of succeeding carrier to re-
ceive shipment, p. 3362.
Tickets and fares:

Efifect of sale of coupon ticket, p.

3322.
Lialiility of initial carrier, p. 3321.
Lialiility of railroad company sell-
ing through tickets, p. 3316.
Liability where tlirough ticket is

sold by initial carrier, p. 3321.
Limitation as to time. p. 1624.
Obligation of carrier to honor
tickets issued by another carrier,
p. 33l^<.
Through tickets issued in the form

of coupons, p. 3317.
Through tickets limited as to time,

p. 3319.
What constitutes a contract for
through transportation, p. 3315.



CONNECTING CARRIERS, cont'd.
Traffic arrangements between carriers,
p. 3248:
Agreements not creating a partner-
ship, p. 3248.
Carriers of goods and live stock, p.

3248.
Carriers of passengers, p. 3314.
Construction, p. 3248.
Effect of agreements between con-
necting carriers and joint
liability, p. 3323:
See infra, "Loss of or In-
jury to Cars, Goods, or
Live Stock."
Carriers of passengers, p. 3323.
Liability for delay, pp. 3278. 3282.
Partnership, pp. 3248, 3310, 3314.
Validity, p. 3248.
Transportation beyond carrier's line:
Agreement for delivery within cer-
tain time for through rates, p.
3255.
Agreement to "forward" goods to
• place on connecting line, p. 3256.
Agreement to transport to point
beyond line and receipt of freight
charges, p. 3253.
Bill of lading a contract for

through shipment, p. 3253.
Carriers of passengers:

See infra, "Carriers of Passen-
gers."
Contracts for through transporta-
tion, pp. 3250, 3315:
Contracts inferred, p. 3252.
Contracts to deliver to connecting
carrier at most convenient point,
p. 3256.
Delivery to succeeding earner:

See infra, "Delivery to Succeed-
ing Carrier."
Designation in bill of lading of

point of destination, p. 3259.
Duty to receive and transport, pp.

3247, 3249.
EfYect of contract and liability for

breach thereof, p. 3260.
Facts not evidencing contract for

through transportation, p. 3254.
Liability "as forwarders only," p.

3257.
Ofifer to "take" carload lots of
goods from one point to another
at specified rate, p. 3257.
Powers of agents, p. 3251.
Power to contract, p. 3251.
Receipt or bill of lading stating
goods are to be delivered at
point beyond terminus, p. 3:.'55.
Receiving goods destined to point

beyond line, p. 3257.
Taking of through fare on receipt

of goods, p. 3259.
Transmission to succeeding carrier
of consignor's instructions, p.
3269.
Waybill, p. 3260.

What constitutes a contract for
through transportation, p. :;252.
Venue, p. 3387.



4162



INDEX.



CONNECTING CARRIERS, cont'd.
Verdict, p. 3416.
Warehouseman :

See infra, "Carrier as Warehouse-
man."
What amounts to contract to carry be-
yond carrier's own line, p. 3338:
Agreement to forward car to des-
tination, p. 3342.
Car forwarded ever connecting line

by order of consignee, p. 3342.
Collection of charge for entire dis-
tance by initial carrier, p. 3340.
Collection of charge for entire dis-
tance by succeeding carrier, p.
3342.
Effect of through waybill, p. 3342.
In general, p. 3338.
^^'ho are connecting carriers, p. 324G.

CONNECTIONS WITH AND FACILI-
TIES TO OTHER CARRIERS,

p. 102:

Common-law rule, p. 102.

Connection between roads or trains, p.

103.
Discrimination in favor of one of sev-
eral connecting carriers, p. 109:

Discrimination as to interchange
of business, p. 110.

Discrimination as to prepayment of
freight charges, p. 110.

Duty to give through rates to all
connecting carriers, p. 109.
Facilities and accommodations to be

furnished by railroad companies to

express companies, p. 108.
Joint running arrangements, p. 102.
Power to require connection between

roads or trains, p. 103.
Reception, transportation and delivery

of cars, passengers and freight, p.

105.
Terminals, p. 105.
Transfers between street railroads, p.

110.
Use of terminals, p. 105.

CONSIDERATION

See "Contracts."
Charges:

Special contract as to charges, p.
1138.
Limitation of liability:

See "Limitation of Liability."

CONSIGNEE

Action against carrier, p. 492.
Bills of lading, p. 342:

Effect as vesting property in con-
signee, p. 349.
Presumption that consignee is

owner, p. 348.
Rights and liabilities as to con-
signee, p. 382.
Transfer of bill of lading, p. 367.
When property does not vest in
consignee, p. 351:
Bill not delivered to consignee,
p. 351.



CONSIGNEE, cont'd.
Bills of lading, cont'd.

When property does not vest in
consignee, cont'd.
Bill of lading and draft at-
tached drawn to shippers'
order, p. 353.
Bill to A. for use of B.. p. 351.
Bill to another than purchaser.

p. 353.
Bill with draft attached to be
delivered to purchaser of
goods, p. 353.
Consignment to be sold on

commission, p. 352.
General rule, p. 351.
Goods billed to buyer subject

to seller's order, p. 353.
Goods billed to shipper's order.

p. 352.
Removal of goods by unauthor-
ized person, p. 351.
When property vests in consignee,
p. 349:
Consignee bank advancing
money for purchase of goods,
p. 350.
Consignee making advances on

faith of bill, p.\350.
Consignment to enemy or neu-
tral, p. 350.
General rules, p. 349.
Stoppage in transitu, p. 349.
Carrier as warehouseman:

See "Carrier as Warehouseman."
Charges, p. 1151.
Contracts:

Power of consignor to bind con-
signee, p. 421.
Delay caused by act of consignee, p.

625.
Delay in transportation or delivery:
Delay caused by act of consignor

or consignee, pp. 625, 627.
Demurrage, and liability of con-
signee or owner for deby.
See "Demurrage."
Duty of consignee to accept goods,

p. 636.
Duty of consignor and consignee
to" avert or mitigate injury, p. 635.
Right to refuse goods, p. 568.
Delivery by carrier:

See "Delivery by Carrier."
Delivery to consignee, p. 542.
Duty of consignee to remove

goods, p. 564.
Fraudulent consignee, p. 553.
Demurrage:

See "Demurrage."
Examination of C. O. D. goods, p. 571.
Limitation of liability:

Authority of consignor to bind con-
signee, p. 992.
Loss or injury to goods:

See "Loss or Injury to Goods."
Stoppage in transitu:

See "Stoppage in Transitu."
Title, custody and control of goods:
See "Title, Custody and Control of
Goods."



INDEX.



4163



CONSIGNOR

Action a.^"ainst carrier, p. 488.
Bills of lading':

Effect of assignment, p. 380.
Transfer of bill of lading, p. 367.
Carrier as warehouseman:

See "Carrier as Warehouseman."
Charges, p. 1148.
Contracts:

Power of consignor to bind con-
signee, p. 421.
Delay caused by act of consignor, p.

625.
Delay in transportation or delivery:

Delay caused by act of consignor

or consignee, pp. 625, 627.
Duty of consignee to accept goods.

p. 636.
Duty of consignor and consignee
to avert or mitigate injury, p. 635.
Delivery by carrier:

Failure or refusal of consignee to
receive goods, p. 565.
Delivery to, p. 546.
Demurrage:

See "Demurrage."
Failure or refusal of consignee to re-
ceive goods, p. 565.
Limitation of liability:

Authority of consignor to bind
consignee, p. 992.
Loss or injury to goods:

See "Loss or Injury to Goods."
Notice:

C. O. D. goods, p. 572.
Notice to consignor where con-
signee refuses to receive goods,
p. 567.
Stoppage in transitu:

See "Stoppage in Transitu."
Title, custody and control of goods:
See "Title, Custody and Control of
Goods."

CONSOLIDATION

Carriers of passengers:

Liability for injuries on consoli-
dated lines, p. 2091.
Exemption from regulation by cliarter

or statute, p. 65.
Literstate and foreign commerce, p.
3484.

CONSPIRACY

Interstate and foreign commerce:

Conspiracy to ol)struct transporta-
tion, p. 3467.

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

See "Control and Regulation;" "In-
terstate and Foreign Commerce."
Charges:

See "Charges."
Due process of law:

See "Due Process of Law."
Equal protection of laws:

See "Equal Protection of Laws."
Interstate and foreign crimmerce:

See "Interstate and Foreign Com-
merce."

4 Car— 67



CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, coufd.
Limited liability act, p. 4036.
Penalty for failure to furnish, or delay

in furnishing cars, p. 158.
Penalty for refusal to deliver freight or
express matter to consignee, p. 155.
Power of congress:

See "Interstate and Foreign Com-
merce."
Power to regulate charges:

See "Charges."
Preferences and discriminations:

See "Preferences and Discrimina-
tions."
Taking private property witliout just
compensation:
Regulation of charges, p. 61.
Taxation:

See "Taxation."
Tickets and fares:

Prohibiting sale of tickets by per-
sons not agents of carrier, p. 20.

CONSTRUCTION

See "Interpretation and Construc-
tion;" "Limitation of Liability."
Bills of lading:

See "Bills of Lading."

CONSTRUCTION COMPANIES

Carriers of passengers, pp. 2007, 2073,
2079. 1552.

CONTEMPT

Tudgment, p. 127.

Presumptions and Inirden of proof, p.
126.

CONTRACTORS

Carriers of passengers, pp. 1552, 2072,
2073, 2079.

CONTRACTS, p. 413.
Acceptance, p. 423.

Actions against carrier for breach of
contract:
See "Actions against Carrier for
Breach of Contract."
Act of God, p. 438.
Agent of owner or shipper, p. 421.
Agents of road, p. 418:

Contracts for cars or other means
of transportation:
See "Contracts for Cars or
Other Means of Transporta-
tion."
Express drivers, p. 421.
Live stock agent, p. 421.
Local or station agent, p. 418:

As to station other than his

own, p. 419.
Business at his own station, p.

418.
Contracts for cars or other
means of transportation;
See "Contracts for Cars or
Other Means of Trans-
portation."
Contract to carry beyond car-
rier's own line, p. 420.



4164



INDEX.



CONTRACTS, cont'd.
Agents of road, cont'd.

Local or station agent, cont'd.

Notice of special damages, p.

420.
Not to deliver without surren-
der of bill of lading, p. 420.
Point where railroad has no

office or agent, p. 420.
Presumption as to and proof

of want of authority, p. 419.
Respecting trains in which
shipment to be made, p. 420.
Shipments to his station from

another, p. 420.
Verbal contract, p. 425.
Power in general, p. 418.
Traveling freight agent, p. 421.
Answer,' p. 460.
Authority to make contract:

See infra, "Power to Contract."
Agent of owner or shipper, p. 421.
Agents of road:

See infra, "Agents of Road."
Power of consignor to bind con-
signee, p. 421.
Receiver of road, p. 421.

Baggage: .

Extra baggage and special con-
tracts, p. 3132.

Bills of lading:

See "Bills of Lading."
As contract generally, p. 331.

Breach:

See infra, "Performance or Breach."

Carriers of live stock:

See "Carriers of Live Stock."
Carriers of passengers, p. 1501:

Special contracts for transporta-
tion, p. 1639:
Consideration, p. 1639.
Contract for free carriage, p.

1640.
Contracts relating to excur-
sions, p. 1640.
Illustrations, pp. 1639, 1640.
Ratification of contract, p. 1641.
Validity of contract, p. 1639.
Waiver of conditions, p. 1641.
Cars:

See "Contracts for Cars or Other
Means of Transportation."

Charges:

Special contracts as to amount of
charge:
See "Charges."

Commission :

Conformity to rates, rules and
classification of state corporation
commission, p. 428.
Conflict of laws, p. 430.
Connecting carriers:

See "Connecting Carriers."

Consideration, p. 422:

See "Limitation of Liability."

Consignee:

Pov.-er of consignor to bind con-
signee, p. 421.



CONTRACTS, cont'd.

Consignor:

Power of consignor to bind con-
signee, p. 421.
Construction, p. 428:

Clerical errors, p. 429.

Contracts for cars or other means

of transportation, p. 446.
Contracts partly written and partly

printed, p. 429.
General rules, p. 428.
Limitation of liability:

See "Limitation of Liability."
Practical construction given by

parties, p. 429.
Separable or entire contract, p. 429.
Strictly construed against carrier,
p. 428.
Contracts for transportation of goods,

p. 417.
Contracts to furnish freight, p. 474.
Damages, p. 468:

Breach of contract other than that

sued on, p. 468.
Breach of particular contracts, p.

470.
Carriers of passengers:

See "Carriers of Passengers."
Duty of shipper to mitigate dam-
ages, p. 468.
Elements of damage, p. 469.
Expense of renotifying and reship-

ping, p. 469.
Increased freight and extra

charges, p. 470.
Loss of profits, p. 469.
Measure of damages, p. 470:
Breach by carrier, p. 470.
Breach by shipper, p. 473.
Proof of damages, p. 474.
Special damages, p. 473.
Demurrage:

Necessity for contract, p. 701.
Drayage, p. 475.

Duties and obligations of carrier and
shipper, p. 433:
Continuing ofifer to carry, p. 434.
Destination, p. 434.
Effect of acceptance of rate offered.

p. 433.
Goods to be carried beyond termi-
nus of carrier's line, p. 434.
Implied promise to carry safely, p.

433.
Obligation as fixed by law, p. 433,
Obligation of carrier to receive,

transport and deliver, p. 433.
Obligation of shipper to furnish

freight, p. 434.
Point where goods to be received,

p. 434.
Property concerning which parties

negotiating, p. 435.
Quantity to be shipped or carried,

p. 435.
Special contract as superseding

common-law liability, p. 433. _
Transportation "at owner's risk,"
p. 434.
Enlarging carrier's liability, p. 475.



INDEX.



4165



CONTRACTS, confd.
Evidence:

As to contract, p. 428:

Bill of lading or receipt, p. 428.
Freight account or bill, p. 428.
Parol evidence, p. 428.
Failure or inability of shipper to read

contract, p. 426.
Form, p. 422.
Hauling, p. 475.

Interpretation and construction:
See infra. "Construction."
Limitation of liability:

See "Limitation of Liability."
Interstate commerce, p. 431.
Laws governing, p. 430.
Limitation of liability:

See "Limitation of Liability."
Loss or injury to goods:

Nature and validity of contract of
transportation, p. 722.
Merger:

See "Merger."
Mistake, p. 426:

As to rate, p. 426.
Misclassification of goods, p. 427.
Mobs, p. 440.
Mutuality, p. 424.
Offer, p. 423.

Oral contracts, pp. 424, 444.
Palace cars and sleeping car compa-
nies:
See "Palace Cars and Sleeping
Car Companies."
Parol evidence, p. 42S.
Partial invalidity, p. 427.
Performance or breach, p. 437:
Act of God, p. 438.
Change of legal rate, p. 439.
Contract to carry beyond terminus,

p. 440.
Contract to carry by particular

train or vessel, p. 439.
Contract to carry perishal^les, p.

439.
Contract to carry specific quantity

or number, p. 440.
Contract for future transportation,

p. 440.
Demand of performance, p. 437.
Excuses for breach or nonperform-
ance, p. 438.
Merchandise not branded as re-
quired by statute, p. 439.
Military occupation, p. 438.
Mobs, p. 440.

Nondelivery by shipper, p. 439.
Nonpayment of freight, p. 438.
Particular stipulations or con-
tracts, p. 439.
"Perils of river," navigation and

fire, p. 438.
Perishables, p. 439.
Stipulation as to destination at
which carrier has no agency, p.
440.
Tender of property, p. 437.
Time contracts, p. 439.
Waiver of breach, p. 440.



CONTRACTS, cuni'd.

Performance or breach, cont'd.

What constitutes a breach, p. 437:
Shipment of bonded goods on

unbonded vessel, p. 437.
When special effort to perform
required, p. 437.
Perishal)les, pp. 439, 449.
Persons bound, p. 432.
Persons entitled to benefit, p. 433.
Power to contract, p. 417:

See infra, "Authority to Make
Contract."
Contracts with connecting carrier,

p. 418.
Power to contract as private car-
rier, p. 417.
Power to contract jointly or sev-
erally, p. 417.
Power to contract to carry beyond
terminus, p. 417.
Preferences and discriminations, p. 427.
Questions of law and fact, p. 462.
Receipt and release, p. 422.
Receivers, p. 421.
Requisites, p. 422.
Rescission, pp. 440, 454.
Shipping receipts:

See "Shipping Receipts."
Signing, p. 426.
Special contracts:

See "Limitation of Liability."
Special contracts as to amount of
charge:
See "Charges."
Station agent:

See infra, "Agents of Road."
Tickets and fares:

Cancellation for fraud, p. 1615.
Conclusiveness of ticket as between
passenger and conductor:
See "Ejection of Passengers."
Construction, p. 1615.
Contract with person presenting

himself for carriage, p. 1615.
Family ticket, p. 1615.
Half-rate ticket, p. 1615.
Parol evidence to vary ticket, p.

1613.
Ticket as property of passenger, p.

1G15.
Ticket both receipt and contract,

p. 1613.
Ticket but evidence of contract, p.

1613.
Ticket may constitute contract, p.

1613.
Undertaking to carry passenger to
destination and let him off there,
p. 1614.
Wliether ticket a contract, p. 1612.
Usages and customs, p. 432.
Validity, p. 422.

Verbal contract, pp. 424, 443, 444.
Writing, pp. 424, 443.

CONTRACTS FOR CARS OR OTHER
MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION,

p. 441.

Acceptance, p. 445.



4166



INDEX.



CONTRACTS FOR CARS OR OTHER
MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION,

cont'd.
Act of God, p. 449.
Agent's authority, p. 441.
Agreement to haul defective car, p. 447.
Authority of agent, p. 441.
Authority of station agent, p. 441:
General rule, p. 441.
Proof of authority, p. 441.
Station or place where cars to be

furnished, p. 443.
Time when cars to be furnished,

p. 443.
\'erbal contract, p. 443.
Breach, p. 447.
Capacity to contract, p. 441.
Certainty and definiteness, p. 444.
Conductor, p. 444.
Consideration, p. 444.
Construction, p. 446.
Contract for track facilities, p. 447.
Contract to furnish cars of another

road, p. 441.
Contract to furnish cars on line of con-
necting road, p. 441.
Contract with owner of private rail-
road, p. 446.
Damages, p. 448.
Date of contract, p. 445.
Excuses for breach or nonperform-
ance, p. 449.
Failure to tender cars in time, p. 447.
Furnishing defective cars, p. 447.
Liability of carrier for breach, p. 448:
Effect of statute allowing recovery

of penalty, p. 448.
Effort to procure foreign cars, p.

449.
Failure to furnish refrigerator cars,

p. 449.
General rules, p. 448.
Road not owning cars, p. 448.
Tender of property for transporta-
tion, p. 448.
Liability of shipper for breach, p. 450.
Mutuality, p. 445.
Offer and acceptance, p. 445.
Partial invalidity, p. 446.
Penalty:

Effect of statute allowing recovery
of penalty for damages, p. 448.
Performance or breach, p. 447.
Perishable cars, p. 449.
Refrigerator cars, p. 449.
Refusal to permit use of cars, p. 447.
Requisites, p. 441.
Storms, p. 450.
Time when cars to be furnished, pp.

442, 446, 447, 448.
Traveling agent, p. 444.
LTnavoidable accident, p- 449.
LInprecedented traffic, p. 450.
Validity, p. 441.
Verbal contract, p. 443.
Waiver of cause of action against car-
rier, p. 450.
Wrecks, p. 450.



CONTRACTS OF AFFREIGHTMENT,

p. 3863.

See '"Bill of Lading."
Abandonment of contract, p. 3S77.
Acceptance, p. 3867.
Agreement amounting to demise, p.

3864.
Assignments, p. 3877.
Breach, p. 3875.
Cancellation, p. 3873.
Classification, p. 3863.
Classification of charter parties, p. 3864.
Conditions precedent and independent
covenants, p. 3872:

Representations, p. 3872.

Stipulations as to time and place
of shipment, p. 3872.

Warranty, p. 3872.
Conflict of laws, p. 3869.
Construction, p. 3868.
Construction of charter parties, p. 3868.
Contents, p. 3866.
Definition, p. 3863.
Discharge, p. 3875.
Form, p. 3866.

In form of bill of lading, p. 3867.
Interpretation, p. 3868.
Interpretation and construction:

Aids to construction, p. 3871.

Charter parties, p. 3868.

Construction of particular words
and phrases, p. 3872.

General rules, p. 3868.

Knowledge of course of trade, p.
3871.

Parol evidence, p. 3871.

Qualifications imposed by law. p.
3870.

What law governs, p. 3869.
Meeting of minds, p. 3867.
Owner pro hac vice, p. 3866.
Parol evidence, p. 3871.
Partnership contract, p. 3864.
Performance, p. 3875.
Permits, p. 3868.
Persons who may make, p. 3865.
Qualifications imposed by law. p. 3870.
Readiness for shipment, p. 3874.



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