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Thomas Johnson Michie.

A treatise on the law of carriers (Volume 4) online

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As agreement to carry to destination,

p. 410
As evidence of contents of package, p.

411.
As to rate of freight, p. 410.
Bailments:

As contract of bailment or mere re-
ceipt for goods, p. 409.
Bills of lading:

Effect where bill of lading subse-
quently issued, p. 411.
Reference to bill of lading to be
th-^reafter issued, p. 411.
Connecting carriers, p. 410.
Construction, p. 408.
Contract of parties, p. 408:

Conditions on back, p. 409.
Effect of acceptance, p. 409.
General rules, p. 408.
Receipt filled out by shipper, p.
409.
Contracts:

As contract of bailment or mere re-
ceipt for goods, p. 409.
Effect of admission that goods in "good

order," p. 411.
Effect of recitals as to receipt, and

quantity of goods, p. 410.
Effect where bill of lading subsequently

issued, p. 411.
Form, p. 408.
Issuance, p. 408.
Limitation of liability:

See "Limitation of Liability."
Parol evidence, p. 412.
Proof of execution, p. 408.



INDEX.



4285



SHIPPING RECEIPTS, confd. ,

Receipt accepted after shipment re-
ceived, p. 411. i

Reference to bill of lading to be there-
after issued, p. 411.

SHIPS AND SHIPPING

See "Carriers l)y Water." >

SIGNALING TRAIN

Contributorj' negligence, p. 2141.

SIGNALS

Carriers of passengers:

Omission of signals required by
statute, p. 1983.

SIGNATURE

See "Tickets and Fares."
Bills of lading, p. 302:

Failure of shipper to sign bill, p.
322.
Limitation of liability, pp. 968, 1061,
1099.

SLEEPING CAR COMPANIES

See "Palace Cars and Sleeping Car
Companies."

SNOW

See "Ice and Snow."

SOLICITING AGENTS

Interstate and foreign commerce, p.

2A?A.

SPECIAL CONTRACTS

See "Contracts;" "Limitation of
Liability."
Carriers of live stock:

See "Carriers of Live Stock."
Charges:

Special contracts as to amount of
charge:
See "Charges."
Limitation of liability:

See "Limitation of Liability;"
"Damages."

SPECIAL TRAINS

See "Relation of Carrier and Pas-
senger."

SPEED

Questions of law and fact, p. 2888:
General rule, p. 2888.
Illustrations, p. 2889.
Passing curve, p. 2889.

SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION

Lf.'ss or injury to goods, p. 766.

SPUR TRACK

Common carriers:

Owners of spur lines, p. 6.
Exclusive privilege to use of a switch

track, p. 102.
Preferences and discriminations, pp.

22.''), 1189.
Tender of goods for transportation, pp.

231, 232.



STAGES

I See "Carriers of Passengers."

■; Common carriers:

Proprietors common carriers, p. 8.

STAMPING

See "Tickets and Fares."
Limitation of liability:

Provisions stamped or written on

face of receipt or bill of lading,

p. 963.

STATE

Common carriers:

State as common carrier, p. 3.
Control and regulation:

See "Control and Regulation."

STATEMENTS, p. 29:

See "Reports."

STATION AGENT

See "Delivery to Carrier;" "Princi-
pal and Agent;" "Tickets and
Fares."
Authority of agent to receive goods:

See "Delivery to Carrier."
Bills of lading:

See "Bills of Lading."
Carriers of live stock:

See "Carriers of Live Stock."
Liability for negligence of agent, p.
1332
Contracts:

See "Contracts."
Discrimination, p. 1182.
Limitation of lialnlity:

Instructions to carrier's agent, p.
1011.
Notice:

Notice to agent of special circum-
stances demanding diligence in
delivery, p. 648.
Questions of law and fact:

Authority of agent, p. 869.
Route, p. 502.
Time contract, p. 633.

STATIONS AND STOPPING PLACES,

p. 1767:

Accommodations safe for persons using

ordinary care, p. 1769.
Announcement of stations or stopping
places, pp. 1905, 1967:
See "Carriers of Passengers."
Duty, p. 1906.
Duty to exercise reasonable care

and skill, p. 1906.
Duty under carriage contract, p.

1906.
Negligent announcement resulting

in injury, p. 1907.
Notice of stations, p. 1906.
Penalty, p. 190().
Promise of employee, p. 1908.
Sleeping passenger, p. 1907.
Statutes, p. 1905.

Sufficiency of announcement, p.
1907.



4286



INDEX.



STATIONS AND STOPPING PLACES,

cont'd.

Application to all portions of premises
where proper for passenger to go, p.
17T1.
Approaches to stations, p. 1773:

See "Licensees, Trespassers, In-
truders, Etc."
General rule, p. 1773.
More than one way, p. 1775.
Assumption of risk, p. 1771.
Authority requiring high degree of

care, p. 1770.
Box or stool in lieu of platform, p.

1797.
Carrier not an insurer as to absolute

safety of alighting place, p. 177].
Carrier's duty as to platform that of

man of ordinary prudence, p. 1770.
Companies and persons liable, p. 20S4:
Duties as to passengers of other

carrier, p. 2084.
Duty to protect passengers from
negligence of other carrier, p.
2085.
General rule, p. 2084.
Station owned by independent com-
pany, p. 2085.
Stations used by several carriers, p.
2084.
Connecting carriers:

See infra. "Companies and Persons
Liable."
Contributory negligence, p. 2130:

Alighting at place other than sta-
tion or platform:
See "Contributory Negligence."
Alighting from moving car on fail-
ure to stop at station:
See "Contributory Negligence."
Awaiting and seeking transforta-

tion. p. 2130.
Awaiting train at station, p. 2130:
Care required of passenger on

approach of train, p. 2132.
Care required of passenger

whde on platform, p. 2132.
General rules, p. 2130.
On platform, p. 2131.
Right to use of platform, p.

2131.
Standing near track, p. 2133.
Walking on track, p. 2133.
Crossing tracks to reach station,
train, or car, p. 2134:
Application to passengers of re-
quirement to stop, look and
listen, p. 2137.
Degree of care carrier owes to
passenger crossing tracks at
station, p. 2134.
Facts held not to constitute
contributory negligence, p.
2137.
Facts held to constitute con-
tributory negligence, p. 2136.
Information or request of car-
rier's employee as precluding
contributory negligence, p.
2140.



STATIONS AND STOPPING PLACES,

cont'd.
Contributory negligence, cont'd.

Crossing tracks to reach station,
train or car, cont'd.
Not contributory negligence as

matter of law, p. 2134.
Passenger must exercise or-
dinary or reasonable care, p.
2135.
Passengers leaving and return-
ing 1o train while it is tem-
porarily on a side track, p.
2139.
Passenger not required to ex-
ercise the degree of care re-
quired of persons not passen-
gers, p. 2136.
Stop, look and listen, p. 2137.
Flagging or signaling train, p. 2141.
Leaving train at intermediate point,

p. 2162.
Particular car:

At place other than station of

railroad train, p. 2115.
At place other than usual stop-
ping place of car, p. 2145.
Passing along track or right of way

to reach train or car, p. 2140.
Passing down steps leading to de-
pot, p. 2130.
Place of alighting:

See "Contributory Negligence."
Seeking entrance to depot which is

obstructed by train, p. 2130.
Standing within reach of street car,

p. 2141.
Using passageway to train shed at

station, p. 2134.
Walking on right of way near track,

p. 2141.
Walking on track, p. 2140.
Control and regulation:

Requiring stoppage at stations,

Corporations or individuals engaged in
transporting passengers and baggage
to and from railroad depots, p. 99.
Criminal law:

Failure to keep ticket office at sta-
tion open, p. 177.
Crowding, p. 2026.
Crowds at stations, p. 1796.
Declaration, petition or complaint:

Allegation of negligence, p. 2590.
Delegation of duties, p. 1772.
Degree of care required, p. 1768.
Duties as to safety of station houses,
platforms, and grounds, p. 1773:
See "Licensees, Trespassers, In-
truders, Etc."
Duties when passengers are received at

other than usual place, p. 1875.
Duty as to opening waiting rooms, p.

1802.
Duty as to stopping places unprovided
with platforms and station houses, p.
1773.
Duty to inform passengers as to move-
ments of trains, p. 1801.



INDEX.



4287



STATIONS AND STOPPING PLACES,

co)it'd.
Duty to provide safe stational facilities.

p. ]767.
Dutj^ to provide station houses and plat-
forms, p. 1772.
Duty to receive and discharge passen-
gers at usual plac^:
See "Carriers of Passengers."
Eating houses, p. 1793.
Ejection:

See "Licensees, Trespassers, In-
truders, Etc."
Ejection of passengers:

See "Ejection of Passengers."

Evidence, p. 2726:

Abandonment of original stopping
place, p. 2733."

Condition of vehicle, p. 2733.

Evidence as to accommodations of
other party, p. 2727.

Evidence as to degree of care re-
quired, p. 2728.

Explanation of situation and sur-
rounding circumstances, p. 2730.

Failure to use precautionary meas-
ures — Collateral matters, p. 2730.

Irrelevant and immaterial evidence,
p. 2726.

Other accidents and transactions,
pp. 2725, 2730, 2737.

Special circumstances, p. 2727.

Subsequent repairs or changes, p.
2733.

To show condition of premises or
facilities, p. 2728.

To show liability for particular fa-
cilities used, p. 2733.

To show notice of condition of
premises or facilities, p. 2733.

Weight and sufficiency of evidence,
p. 2821.

Weight and sufficiency of evidence
as to negligence in respect to
condition of carrier's premises, p.
2788.
Failure to stop:

See "Carriers of Passengers."
Flag stations, pp. 1852, 1856.
Freight trains, p. 1800.
General rule, p. 1767.
Injunction:

Injunction to restrain persons from
soliciting business in or near a
railroad station, p. 132.

Instructions, p. 2389:

Condition of carrier's premises, p.
2962:
General rules, p. 2962.
Illustrations, pp. 2963-2964.
Lighting depots, platforms and

approaches, p. 2963.
Slight imperfections, p. 2963.
Instructions as to use of station plat-
form, p. 2.390.
Intermediate station:

Allowing passenger to alight tem-
porarily at intermediate station,
p. 1963.



STATIONS AND STOPPING PLACES,

cont'd.
Interstate and foreign commerce:

Requiring trains to stop at certain
stations, p. 3513:
Mail train, p. 3516.
Power of state, p. 3513.
Requiring interstate trains to
stop at certain stations, p.
3514.
Requiring interstate trains to
stop at county seats, p. 3515.
Requiring intrastate trains to
stop at county seats, p. 3514.
Where accommodation fur-
nished by other trains, p.
3516.
Intruders:

See "Licensees, Trespassers, In-
truders, Etc."
Licensees:

See "Licensees, Trespassers, In-
truders, Etc."
Lighting, p. 2324.
Lighting platform, pp. 2501, 2508.
Lighting station houses, platforms and

grounds, p. 1797.
Management of train in drawing up to
platform or stopping place, p.
1876:
Duration of stop, pp. 1876, 1879.
General rule, p. 1876.
Illustrations, p. 1876.
Temporary stop, pp. 1876, 1879.
Meeting passengers:

See "Licensees, Trespassers, Intrud-
ers, Etc."
Negligence:

Presumptions and burden of proof,
p. 2679.
Passengers:

Receiving and discharging passen-
gers:
See "Carriers of Passengers."
Persons at station to assist or take
leave of departing passengers, or
to meet incoming passengers:
See "Licensees, Trespassers, Intrud-
ers, Etc."
Platforms and alighting places, p. 1779:
Act of person permitted to use plat-
form, p. 1786.
Act of stranger, p. 1786.
As to use of platform, p. 2389.
Box or stool in lieu of platform, p.

1797.
Car platforms and steps, p. 1830.
Contributory negligence:

See "Contributory Negligence."
Defects in floor, p. 1781.
Degree of care, p. 1779.
Duty as to platform built and con-
trolled by stranger, p. 1780.
Duty as to walk maintained and
used jointly with other compa-
nies, p. 1780.
Effect of knowledge by passenger
of defective condition of platform,
p. 1781.
General rule, p. 1779.



4288



INDEX.



STATIONS AND STOPPING PLACES,

cont'd.
Platforms and alighting places, cont'd.
Ingress to and egress from plat-
form, p. 1784.
Injury by objects thrown on plat-
form, p. 1787.
Length, width and elevation, p. 1781.
Licensees:

See "Licensees, Trespassers, In-
truders, Etc."
Lighting, p. 1797.
Mail pouches thrown on platform,

p. 1787.
Movable platform, p. 1784.
Negligence proximate cause of in-
jury, p. 1780.
Obstructions on platform, p. 1785.
Platform facilites on only one side
track, p. 1788.

Platform guards and entrance doors, p.
1829:
Proximity of platform to track, p.

1783.
Questions of law and fact. p. 2323.
Runaway horse on platform, p. 1787.
Safe place to board or alight and in-
terfering tracks:
See infra, "Safe Place to Board
or Alight and Intervening
Tracks."
Snow and ice on platform, p. 1786.
Trespassers:

See "Licensees, Trespass-
ers, Intruders, Etc."
Sparks flying from passing en-
gine, p. 1787.
Posting schedule at stations, p. 72.
Premises contiguous to, though not
strictly part of, station grounds, p.
1795.
Presumptions and burden of proof, p.
2679.

Protection of passengers at station, p.

2018.
Proximate and remote cause, p. 1699.
Questions of law and fact, p. 2323:

Condition and use of carrier's prem-
ises, p. 2871;
As to warnings, p. 2872.
Crowding platform, p. 2874.
In general, p. 2871.
Lighting station and platform,

p. 2873.
Platforms and approaches, p.
2873.
Railroads, p. 1767.
Reasonable time to get on or off:
See "Carriers of Passengers."
Receiving and discharging passengers:

See "Carriers of Passengers."
Relation of carrier and passenger:

See "Relation of Carrier and Pas-
senger."
Restaurant, p. 1793.
Rules and regulations of carriers, pp.

188, 192.
Safe condition, p. 1768.



STATIONS AND STOPPING PLACES,

cont'd.
Safety:

See "Licensees, Trespassers, In-
truders, Etc."
Station houses, p. 1776:

Degree of care, p. 1776.
General rule, p. 1776.
Illustrations, pp. 1776, 1779.
Liability for resulting injury, p.

1778.
Liability for violation, p. 1778.
Purpose of statute, p. 1778.
The Texas statutes, p. 1778.
Station platforms and alighting places:
See infra, "Platforms and Alighting
Places."
Stopping:

See "Carriers of Passengers."
Duty to receive and discharge pas-
sengers at usual place:
See "Carriers of Passengers."
Street railways, p. 1802:

Cars on parallel tracks, p. 1805.
Failure to light platforms, p. 1806.
General rules, p. 1802.
Ice and snow, p. 1805.
Interurban railway, p. 1807.
Obligation as to safety assumed, p.

1806.
Open car with transverse seats, p.

1805.
Platforms erected by street rail-
way, p. 1806.
Transfer accommodations, pp. 1794,

1807.
When carrier has no control over

street, p. 1803.
Where carrier responsible for condi-
tions, p. 1806.
Taking leave of passengers:

See "Licensees, Trespassers, Intrud-
ers, Etc."

The test of liability, p. 1771.
Transfer accommodations, p. 1794.
Trespassers:

See "Licensees, Trespassers, Intrud-
ers, Etc."
Use of carrier's premises and of street
or premises adjacent thereto, p.
110:
Exclusion of persons in general, p.

110.
Regulations for conduct of persons,

p. 111.
Rights of and restrictions upon in-
dividuals or corporations engaged
in transporting passengers or bag'
gage, p. 111.
Waiting rooms, p. 1802:

Degree of care in general, p. 1776.
Duty as to provide for comfort, p.

1776.
Indictment, p. 181.
Rules regulating, p. 1802.
Statutory requirements, p. 1778.
Ways to and from eating houses, p.
1793.



INDEX.



4289



STATIONS AND STOPPING PLACES,

cont'd.

When passengers are carried on freight

trains, p. 1800.
Who are passengers:

See "Relation of Carrier and Pas-
senger."
Wrong station:

Putting passenger off at wrong sta-
tion, p. 1854:.

STATUTES

Charges:

Mode of arriving at effect of statutes
reducing rates, p. 58.
Construction:

Penalties, pp. 138, 158.
Penalties:

Construction, p. 158.

Construction of statutes imposing

penalties, p. 138.
Repeal of statutes imposing penal-
ties, p. 139.
Repeal:

Penalty, p. 139.

When a statute will be construed
as impliedly repealing a prior stat-
ute, p. 71.
Retroactive statutes:

Regulation of charges will not be
construed to be retroactive, p. 70.

STEAMBOATS

See "Carriers by Water."

STEP

See "Contributory Negligence."

STIPULATIONS

See "Limitation of Liability."

STOCK

See "Carriers of Live Stock."

STOCK PENS

See "Carriers of Live Stock."

STOCKYARDS

See ''Carriers of Live Stock."

STOP, LOOK AND LISTEN

Carriers of passengers, p. 2274.
Contributory negligence, p. 2274.

STOP OVER

See "Carriers of Passengers."

STOPPAGE IN TRANSITU, p. 1205:
Actions, p. 1250.
Agent acting without authority^Ratifi-

cation, p. 1218.
.\gent against vendee of principal, p.

1217.
.Assignment for benefit of creditors, p.

1227.
.Attachment, pp. 1218, 1244, 1251.
.Authority of agent to exercise, p. 1218.
Bankruptcy:

See infra, "Insolvency."



STOPPAGE IN TRANSITU, confd.
Bills, notes and checks:

Acceptance of bills or notes, p. 1210.
Xegotiation of bills or notes, p. 1244.
Bills of lading, pp. 349, 362, 1221.

Bill of lading obtained by fraud, p.

1222.
Bona fide transfer and delivery of

bill of lading, p. 1221.
Knowledge that goods have not

been paid for, p. 1222.
Pledge of bill of lading, p. 1224.
Possession of bill of lading as evi-
dence of title in holder, p. 362.
Sale of goods act, p. 1222.
Seizure of goods in transit by per-
son selling to consignor, p. 350.
Sufiiciency of transfer, p. 1223.
Transferee of bill of lading, p. 1216.
Transfer for antecedent debt — In

general, p. 1223.
Transfer of bill of lading, p. 1221.
Transfer of bill of lading essential

to complete delivery, p. 1223.
Transfer of duplicate of bill of lad-
ing, p. 1223.
Transfers defeating, p. 380.
Carrier as warehouseman, pp. 887, 122-^,

1233, 1234.
Charges:

Compensation for stoppage in tran-
sit for inspection, etc., p. 1152.
Right of carrier to retain goods for
charges, p. 1248.
Chattel mortgages, pp. 1216, 1227.
Consignee, p. 1217:

Refusal of consignee to receive
goods, p. 1242.
Credit:

See infra. "Sale on Credit and Non-
payment of Price."
Damages, p. 1251.
Definition, p. 1206.
Delivery:

See infra, "Duration and Termina-
tion of Transit."
Demand for goods, p. 1247.
Duration and termination of transit, p.
1228:
Agent, or local carrier, converted
into special agent for vendee, p.
1239.
Beginning of transit, p. 1228.
Carriage by water, p. 1229.
Delivery by carrier to agent, or lo-
cal carrier for transmission to
vendee, p. 1236.
Delivery by carrier to liiird person

in general, p. 1236.
Delivery of part, p. 1231.
Delivery to carrier for shipiniiit to

third person, p. 1242.
Delivery to ship owned or hind liy

l)uycr, p. 1240.
Deposited l)y carrier at iiiteniicdiatc

point, p. 123H.
I'jitry of goods in custom house and
retention in bonded warehouse, p.
1243.



4290



INDEX.



STOPPAGE IN TRANSITU, cont'd.
Duration and termination of transit,
cont'd.
Goods in freight house awaiting de-
livery, p. 1233.
Intercepted at intermediate point by

vendee or his agent, p. 1239.
Possession of carrier as agent of
consignee or as warehouseman, p.
1234.
Possession of goods by carrier after

arrival at destination, p. 1232.
Refusal of buyer to receive goods
and reconveyance to seller, p.
1242:
Refusal of consignee to receive

goods, p. 1242.
Reshipment by buyer, p. 1243.
Reshipment to vendee after re-
fusal of consignor to resume
possession, p. 1242.
Terminates with delivery to vendee,

p. 1228.
What constitutes delivery, p. 1230.
Execution, p. 1218.
Extension of vendor's lien, p. 1207.
Factor against principal, p. 1216.
Factors and commission merchants, p.

1216.
Fraud, p. 1207.

General power of consignor to stop de-
livery to consignee:
General rule, p. 1218.
Holder of lien, p. 1217.
Indemnity, p. 1248.
Insolvency, pp. 1209, 1211.

Actual insolvency not essential, p.

]213.
Embarrassed, p. 1213.
Evidence of insolvency, p. 1214.
Evidence to prove solvency, p. 1214.
Existence of insolvency, p. 1214.
Insolvency essential to existence of

right, p. 1209.
Insolvency existing before sale, p.

1214.
Insolvency unknown at time of sale,

p. 1214.
Nature of and existence of insol-
vency, p. 1212.
Need not be technically declared, p.

1212.
Notice of insolvency, p. 1214.
Right based on insolvency of vendee,

p. 1211.
Shipping with knowledge of insol-
vency, p. 1215.
Stoppage of payment, p. 1213.
Time of insolvency, p. 1214.
Lien for charges, p. 1162.
Liens:

Effect of other lien against vendee,
p. 1218.
Loss of right, p. 1244.
Manner of exercise of right, p. 1245.
May be exercised through agent, p. 1218.
Mortgagees, p. 1216.
Must be in transitu, p. 1208.
Nature of right in general, p. 1206.
Neither property nor possession in
vendor, p. 1209.



STOPPAGE IN TRANSITU, cont'd.

Notice, p. 1246.
Origin of rule, p. 1208.
Part owner, p. 1217.
Part payment, p. 1210.
Payment:

See infra, "Sale on Credit and Non-
payment of Price."
Persons entitled to exercise right, p.
1215:
Agent acting without authority —

Ratification, p. 1218.
Agent against vendee of principal,

p. 1217.
Authority of agent to exercise, p.

1218.
Consignee, p. 1217.
Factor against principal, p. 1216.
General power of consignor to stop
delivery to consignee — General
rule, p. 1218.
Holder of lien, p. 1217.
May be exercised through agent, p.

1218.
Mortgagees, p. 1216.
Part owner, p. 1217.
Principal against factor, p. 1216.
Privity of contract, p. 1215.
Surety, p. 1217.

Transferee of bill of lading, p. 1216.
Vendor or quasi vendor, p. 1215.
Pledge and collateral security, p. 1227.
Presumptions and burden of proof, p.

1250.
Principal against factor, p. 1216.
Principal and agent, p. 1218.
Privity of contract, p. 1215.
Property subject to right, p. 1209.
Public policy, p. 1208.
Refusal of buyer to receive goods and
reconveyance to seller:
See infra, "Duration and Termina-
tion of Transit."
Restrictions upon rule against public

policy, p. 1208.
Rights and liability of carrier, p. 1248:
Actions against carrier, p. 1250.
Efifect of waiver of right on carrier's

liability, p. 1249.
Liability for misdelivery, p. 1250.
Liability of carrier for refusal or
failure to stop goods in transitu,
p. 1249.
Liability of carrier to consignee or
purchase from consignee, p. 1250.
Presumptions and burden of proof,

p. 1250.
Right of carrier to investigate and

require indemnity, p. 1248.
Right of carrier to retain goods for
charges due by consignee, p. 1248.
Right to bring goods into court, p.
1248.
Sale on credit and nonpayment of price,
p. 1210:
Credit, p. 1211.
Nonpayment of price, p. 1210:

Acceptance of bills or notes, p.

1210.
Consignor indebted to con-
signee, p. 1210.



INDEX.



4291



STOPPAGE IN TRANSITU, cont'd.
Sale on credit and nonpayment of
price, cont'd.
Nonpayment of price, cont'd.

Goods shipped in payment of

antecedent debt, p. 1210.
In general, p. 1210.
Part payment, p. 1210.
Vendor indebted to vendee, p.
1210.
Scope of treatment, p. 1206.
Subpurchasers of goods, p. 1225:

Apparent sale without consideration,

p. 1226.
Illustrations, pp. 1225, 1226.
Sale by consignee does not defeat

right, p. 1225.
Sale by vendee, p. 1225.
Surety, p. 1217.
Title, custody and control of goods, p.

478.
Transferee of bill of lading, p. 1216.
Vendor or quasi vendor, p. 1215.
Vendor's lien, p. 1207.
Waiver of right, pp. 1244, 1249.
Warehouseman :

See infra, "Carrier as Warehouse-
man."

STOPPING PLACE

See "Stations."

STORAGE COMPANY

Common carriers, p. 10.

STORMS

Carriers by water, p. 4022.
Carriers of passengers:

Delay, p. 1675.
Contracts for cars or other means of

transportation, p. 450.
Deviation, p. 506.
Loss or injury to goods, pp. 736, 738.

STOWAGE OF GOODS

See "Carrier as Warehouseman;"
"Carriers 'by Water."

STRANDING

Act of God, p. 737.
Charges, p. 1146.

STREET RAILWAYS

See, generally, "Carriers of Passen-
gers," for rules applicable to street
railways.
Absence of driver or motorman from

post of duty, p. 1983.
Accommodations :

See "Carriers of Passengers."
Actions:

See "Carriers of Passengers."
Alighting from car:

See "Carriers of Passengers;"

"Contributory Negligence."

Duty to see whether passengers

have gotten on or off, p. 1898:

As dependent upon stopping

place, p. 1903.



STREET RAILWAYS, cont'd.
Alighting from car, cont'd.

Duty to see whether passengers
have gotten on or off, cont'd.
Difference between obligation of
railroad and street railway
companies, p. 1898.
Duty in general, p. 1900.
Place of boarding or alighting,
p. 1905.
Misleading invitations to alight:

See "Carriers of Passengers."
Reasonable time to get on or off:
See "Carriers of Passengers."
Alighting from moving car:

See "Carriers of Passengers;" "Con-
tributory Negligence."
Animals, p. 1500.
Arm protruding from car:

See "Contributory Negligence."
Assault and battery:

See "Carriers of Passengers;" "Con-



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