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85. 24 Am. Dec. 129.

Tennessee. — Yazoo, etc., R. Co. v.
Baldwin, 113 Tenn. 205, 81 S. W. 599, 12
R. R. R. 856, 35 Am. & Eng. R. Cas., N.
S.. ssn.

Tc.vas. — Mexican Cent. R. Co. v. De
Rosear (Tex. Civ. App.), 109 S. W. 949.

England. — Macrow v. Great Western
R. Co., L. R.. 6 Q. B. 612, 40 L. J. Q. B.
300. 24 L. T. 618, 19 W'. R. 8, 3 Ry. & C.
T. Cas. xix.

A silk quilt in the trunk of an ordinary
passenger is not baggage. So held in St.
Louis, etc., R. Co. t. Hardwa}', 17 HI.
.App. 321.

Silver knives, forks, and spoons are not
baggage.— P.cll r. Drew (X. V.), 4 E. D.
Smith 59; Giles v. Fauntleroy, 13 Md.
126; Orange Cotmty Bank v. Brown
rX. Y.), 9 Wend. 85, 24 Am. Dec. 129;
Hawkins v. Hoffman (X. Y.), 6 Hill 586,
41 Am. Dec. 767.

A drawnwork centerpiece, a tablecloth,
doilies, a bed spread, and pillow shams
do not constitute baggage. Mexican
Cent. R. Co. v. De Rosear (Tex. Civ.
App.), 109 S. W. 949.

83. House t-. Chicago, etc., R. Co., 30
S. Dak. 321, 138 X. \V. S09.

84. Jewelry for personal use. — United
.Slates. — Mauritz v. Xew York, etc., R.
Co., 23 Fed. 765, 21 Am. & Eng. R. Cas.
286: Railroad Co. v. Fraloff, 100 U. S. 24,
25 L. Ed. 5:;i.

Alabama. — Cooney v. Pullman Palace
Car Co., 121 Ala. 368, 25 So. 712, 53 L.
R. A. 690.

Georgia. — Pullman Co. v. Green, 128
Ga. 142, 57 S. E. 233. 10 Am. & ICng. .Ann.
Cas. H93: Pullman Co. v. Schaffner, 126
Ga. 609, 55 S. v.. 933, 9 L. R. A., N. S.,
407.

Illinois. — Michigan Cent. R. Co. v. Car-
row, 73 111. 34H, 24 Am. Rc]). 248.

Indiana. — Doyle v. Kiscr, G Ind. 242.

4 Car— 2



Kentucky. — Contract Co. v. Cross, 8
Bush 472.'

Maryland. — Pettigrew v. Barnum, 11
Md. 434, 69 Am. Dec. 212.

Michigan. — Withey v. Pere Marquette
R. Co., 141 Mich. 412, 104 X. W. 773, 21
R. R. R. 740, 44 Am. & Eng. R. Cas., X.
S., 740, 1 L. R. A., N. S., 352, 113 Am. St.
Rep. 533.

Nczv Jersey. — Runyan v. Central R.
Co., 61 X. J. "L. 537, 41 Atk 367, 43 L. R.
A. 284, 68 Am. St. Rep. 711.

Nciv York. — Carlson v. Oceanic Steam
Xav. Co., 109 X. Y. 359, 16 X. E. 546; Mc-
Cormick v. Hudson River R. Co., 4 E. D.
Smith 181; Torpey v. Williams, 3 Daly
162: Weeks v. Xew York, etc., R. Co., 9
Hun 669, affirmed in 72 X. Y. 50, 28 Am,.
Rep. 104; Hasbrouck v. Xew York, etc.,
R. Co., 95 N. E. 808, 202 X. Y. 363, 35 L.
R. A., X. S., 537, Ann. Cas. 1912D, 1150,
affirmins: judgment 122 X. Y. S. 123, 137
App. Div. 532, which affirms 118 X. Y. S.
735. 64 Misc. Rep. 478.

North Carolina. — Brick v. Atlantic, etc.,
R. Co., 145 X. C. 203, 58 S. E. 1073, 26
R. R. R. 629, 49 Am. & Eng. R. Cas., X.
S.. 629, 13 Am. & Eng. Ann. Cas. 328.

Ohio. — Jones v. Voorhees, 10 O. 145;
Keith V. Xew York Cent. R. Co., 1 West
L. M. 451, 2 O. Dec. 125.

Pennsylvania. — McGill v. Rowand, 3
Pa. 451, 45 Am. Dec. 654.

'South Carolina. — Battle v. Columbia,
etc.. Railroad, 70 S. C. 329, 49 S. E. 849:
Godfrey v. Pullman Co., 87 S. C. 361, 69
S. E. 666.

Tennessee. — Coward v. East Tennessee,
etc., R. Co., 84 Tenn. (16 Lea) 225, 57
Am. Rep. 227.

Te.vas. — Galveston, etc., R. Co. v. Fales,
33 Tex. Civ. App. 457, 77 S. W. 234, af-
lirmcd in 98 Tex. 617, no op.; Mexican
Xat. R. Co. 7'. Ware (Tex. Civ. App.). f.O
S. W. 343; i'ullman Co. ?•. Vanderhocvcn,
107 S. W. 117, 48 Tex. Civ. App. 414.

/•;;-/(//)(/. I'.rooke v. Pickwick, 4 Ring.
2 IS.

Canada. — McDnngal v. .Mien, 12 J. C.
321.

Three rings. — Plaint i(T, a ])asscngcr on
(Iffrndant'.s riiilroad, i ai rii-d in lior card
case in ibe bollom of a .suit case, wliii-h
was not checked, three rings, worth



§§ 3436-3437



CARRIERS.



3124



held that if a railroad traveler brings a trunk to the depot, which contains costly
jewelry, of the value of thirty thousand dollars, and gives no notice of its con-
tents, and has the same checked as ordinary baggage, and there is nothing about
the trunk indicating its contents, and the same is consumed by fire while being
carried, the company not being guilty of gross negligence, it can not be held lia-
ble for the contents of the trunk.^^

§ 3437. Merchandise. — Merchandise, or other property carried by a trav-
eler for sale, is not l)aggage, and, if carried without the carrier's knowledge and
consent, it can not be held responsible as a common carrier for its loss or dam-
age.^*'



$1,500, for her personal wear at a recep-
tion she intended to attend at her desti-
nation, and which were adapted to her
tastes, habits, and social standing, and
the rings were missing from the suit case
when it was returned by the trainman
who had taken it to assist plaintiff ofT the
train. Held, that the suit case and con-
tents were baggage. Hasbrouck v. New
York, etc., R. Co., 95 N. E. 808, 202 N. Y.
363, 35 L. R. A., N. S., 537, Ann. Cas.
1912D, 1150, affirming judgment 122 N. Y.
S. 123, 137 App. Div. 533, which affirms
118 N. Y. S. 735, 64 Misc. Rep. 478.

Diamond ring. — The term "'baggage" in
so far as a female passenger is concerned
is sufficiently broad to cover a diamond
ring worn as part of her wardrobe. Pull-
man Co. V. Vanderhoeven, 48 Tex. Civ.
App. 414. 107 S. W. 147.

Diamond pin in trunk held to be. — Cow-
ard V. East Tennessee, etc., R. Co., 84
Tenn. (16 Lea) 225, 57 Am. Rep. 227.

85. Thirty thousand dollars worth of
jewelry in trunks. — Michigan Cent. R.
Co. V. Carrow, 73 Til. 348, 24 Am. Rep.
248.

86. Merchandise. — United States. — Han-
nibal, etc., R. Co. V. Swift, 12 Wall. 262,
20 L. Ed. 423; Saunders v. Southern R.
Co.. 62 C. C. A. 523, 1 R. R. R. 596, 34 Am.
& Eng. R. Cas., N. S., 596, 128 Fed. 15;
Strouss V. Wabash, etc., R. Co., 17 Fed.
209; The Ionic, 5 Blatchf. 538, Fed. Cas.
No. 7,059.

CaUfornia. — Pfister v. Central Pac. R.
Co., 70 Cal. 169, 11 Pac. 686, 59 Am. Dec.
404.

Georgia. — Hutchings & Co. v. Western,
etc., R. Co., 25 Ga. 61, 71 Am. Dec. 156;
Dibble ^^ Brown, 12 Ga. 217, 56 Am.. Dec.
460.

Illinois. — Hamburg-American Packet
Co. V. Gattman, 127 111. 598, 20 N. E. 662;
Illinois, etc., R. Co. v. Antoon, 122 111.
App. 359; Michigan, etc., R. Co. v. Oehm,
56 111. 293, 4 Am. R. Rep. 451; Michigan
Cent. R. Co. 7'. Carrow, 73 111. 348, 24
Am. Rep. 248.

lozva. — Weber Co. v. Chicago, etc., R.
Co., 113 Iowa 188. 84 N. W. 1042, 20 Am.
& Eng. R. Cas., N. S., 466.

Maine. — Blumenthal v. Maine Cent. R.
Co., 79 Me. 550, 11 Atl. 605.

Maryland. — Pettigrew v. Barnum, 11
Md. 434, 69 Am. Dec. 212.



Massachusetts. — Collins v. Boston, etc.,
Railroad, 10 Cush. 506; Dunlap v. Inter-
national Steamboat Co., 98 Mass. 37);
Stimson v. Connecticut River R. Co., 98
Mass. 83, 93 Am. Dec. 140; Ailing v. Bos-
ton, etc., R. Co., 126 Mass. 121, 30 Am.
Rep. 667.

Michigan. — Amory v. Wabash R. Co.,
130 Mich. 404, 90 N. W. 22, 4 R. R. R.
408, 27 Am. & Eng. R. Cas._, N. S., 408.

Minnesota. — Haines v. Chicago, etc., R.
Co., 29 Minn. 160, 12 N. W. 447, 43 Am.
Rep. 199; McKibbin v. Great Northern
R. Co., 78 Minn. 232, 80 N. W. 1052.

Mississippi. — • Mississippi Cent. R. Co.
V. Kennedy, 41 Miss. 671.

Missouri. — Ross v. Missouri, etc., R.
Co., 4 Mo. App. 583; Spooner v. Hanni-
bal, etc., R. Co., 23 Mo. App. 403.

New Hampshire. — Smith v. Boston, etc.,
Railroad, 44 N. H. 325.

Nczv Jersey. — Runyan v. Central R.
Co., 61 N. J. L. 537, 41 Atl. 367, 43 L. R.
A. 284, 68 Am. St. Rep. 711.

New York. — Bell v. Drew, 4 E. D.
Smith 59; Millard v. Missouri, etc., R.
Co., 6 Am. & Eng. R. Cas. 311, 86 N. Y.
441, affirming 20 Hun 191; Hawkins v.
Hoffman, 6 Hill 586, 41 Am. Dec. 767;
Pardee v. Drew, 25 Wend. 459; Simpson
V. New York, etc., R. Co., 16 Misc. Rep.
613, 38 N. Y'. S. 341, 73 N. Y. St. Rep. 812.

Ohio. — Pennsylvania Co. v. Miller, 35
O. St. 541, 1 Ky. L. Rep. 184, 35 Am. Rep.
620; Smith v. C. H. & D. R. Co., 2 N. P.
29, 3 O. Dec. 192; Toledo, etc., R. Co. r.
Dages, 57 O. St. 38, 47 N. E. 1039, 63 Am.
St. Rep. 702; Toledo, etc., R. Co. v. Bow-
ler, etc., Co., 63 O. St. 274, 58 N. E. 813;
Greenwich Ins. Co. v. Memphis, etc..
Packet Co., 1 N. P. 126, 4 O. Dec. 405.

Oklahoma. — Choctaw, etc., R. Co. v.
Zwirtz, 8 R. R. R. 914, 31 Am. & Eng. R.
Cas., N. S., 914, 73 Pac. 941, 13 Okla. 411,
construin<? Wilson's Rev. & Ann. St. 1903
§§ 70S, 709.

Oregon. — Oakes v. Northern Pac. R.
Co., 20 Ore. 392, 26 Pac. 230, 23 Am. St.
Rep. 126, 12 E. R. A. 318.

Pcnnsvlvania. — Bullard v. Delaware,
etc., R.'Co., 21 Pa. Super. Ct. 583.

Tennessee. — Bomar v. Maxwell, 28
Tenn. (9 Humph.) 621, 51 Am. Dec. 682;
Jolmson V. Stone, 30 Tenn. (11 Humph.)
419.

Tr.ra.?.— Texas, etc., R. Co. v. Capps, 2



3125



PASSENGERS EFFECTS.



§ 3438



§ 3438. Money. — A passenger is entitled to carry as baggage an amount of
money reasonably sutBcient for the expenses of the journey.^" And the amount
of money to be allowed for traveling expenses may be measured by the require-
ments of the whole of the contemplated journey and return, and includes such
an allowance for accidents or sickness, and sojourning by the way, as a rea-
sonably prudent man would consider it necessary to make.^'^ A savings bank
and its contents have been held to be baggage where the contents might have
been useful on the journey. ^^



Texas App. Civ. Cas., § 33, 16 Am. &
Eng. R. Cas. 118; Mexican Cent. R. Co.
z: De Rosear (Tex. Civ. App.), 109 S. W.
949.

ll'iscoiisin. — - Gleason v. Goodrich
Transp. Co., 32 Wis. 85, 14 Am. Rep. 716.

England. — Belfast, etc., R. Co. v. Keys,
9 H. L. Cas. 5o6, W. R. 793, 4 L. T. 841,
8 Jur. N. S., 367; Cahill v. London, etc.,
R. Co., 10 C. B., N. S., 154, 7 Jur. N. S.,
1164, 30 L. J. C. P. 289, 9 W. R. 653. 4 L.
T. X. S. 246; Great Northern R. Co. v.
Shepherd, 9 Eng. L. & Eq. Rep. 477;
Richards v. London, etc., R. Co., 7 C. B.
839, 6 Railw. Cas. 49, 13 Jur. 986, 18 J. C.
P. 251.

Canada. — Shaw v. Grand Trunk R. Co.,
7 U. C. C. P. 493; Lee z: Grand Tnuik
R. Co., 36 U. C. Q. B. 350.

Jewelry for sale. — Humphreys v. Perry,
148 U. S. 627, 13 S. Ct. 71], 37 L. Ed. 587;
Wunsch z: Northern Pac. R. Co., 62 Fed.
878; Cincinnati, etc., R. Co. v. Marcus, 38
111. 219; Brick v. Atlantic, etc., R. Co., 145
N. C. 203, 58 S. E. 1073, 26 R. R. R. 629,
49 Am. & Eng-. R. Cas.. N. S., 629, 13 Am.
& Eng. Ann. Cas. 328; Bowler, etc., Co. z:
Toledo, etc., R. Co., 1 O. Dec. 55, 3 N.
P 322

Merchandise taken into car by passen-
ger and removed to luggage van. — In Bel-
fast, etc.. R. Co. z: Keys, 9 H. L. Cas.
556, 9 W. R. 793, 4 L. T. 841, 8 Jur. N. S.
367, it appeared that a passenger, con-
trary to the rules of the carrier, and, in
order to avoid the payment of extra toll,
took merchandise with him into the car,
wliich was afterwards removed by the
guard to the luggage van. It was held
that in case of its loss, there couki be
no recovery against the carrier.

87. Money. — Alabama. — Cooney v. Pull-
man Palace Car Co., 121 Ala. 368, 25 So.
712. 53 L. R. A. 690.

Arkansas. — St. Louis, etc., R. Co. v.
Berry, 60 .Ark. 433, 30 S. W. 764, 28 L. R.
A. 501, 46 Am. St. Rep. 212.

Connecticut. — Hickox v. Naugatuck R.
Co., 31 Conn. 281, s:'. Am. Dec. 143.

G'corgjrt.— Hutcliings & Co. v. Western,
etc.. R. Co., 25 Ga. 61, 71 Am. Dec. 156.

Illinois. — Illinois Cent. R. Co. v. Cope-
land, 24 III. 332. 76 Am. Dec. 749.

Indiana. — Doyle v. Kiser, 6 Lul. 242;
Toledo, etc., R. Co. v. Hammond, '■'•'■', Iiul.
379. .') Am. Rep. 221.

Kcntuckv. — Chesapeake, etc., R. Co. v.
Hall n<y.), 124 S. W. 372, 34 R. R.
R. 46H, .-,7 Am. & l-.ng. R. Cas., N. S.,
46H.



Massachusetts. — Dunlap v. Interna-
tional Steamboat Co., 98 Mass. 371; Jor-
dan V. Fall River R. Co., 5 Cush. 69, 51
Am. Dec. 44.

Mississippi. — ^Illinois Cent. R. Co. v.
Handy, 63 Miss. 609, 56 Am. Rep. 846.

Missouri. — Whitmore v. Caroline, 20
Mo. 513.

A'ezju York. — Adams v. New Jersey
Steamboat Co., 151 N. Y. 163, 45 N. E.
369, 34 L. R. A. 682, 56 Am. St. Rep. 616;
Carpenter v. New York, etc., R. Co., 124
N. Y. 53, 26 N. E. 277, 11 L. R. A. 759,
21 Am. St. Rep. 644; Duflfy v. Thomp-
son, 4 E. D. Smith 178; Fairfax v. New
York, etc., R. Co., 73 N. Y. 167, 29 Am.
Rep. 119; Knieriem v. New York, etc., R.
Co., 96 N. Y. S. 602, 109 App. Div. 709,
17 N. Y. Ann. Cas. 415; Merrill v. Grin-
nell, 30 N. Y. 594; Orange County Bank
v. Brown, 9 Wend. 85, 24 Am. Dec. 129;
Taylor v. Mounot, 11 N. Y. Super. Ct.
116; Torpey v. Williams, 3 Daly 162;
W'eed z'. Saratoga, etc., R. Co., 19 Wend.
534; Weeks v. New York, etc., R. Co., 9
Hun 669, affirmed in 72 N. Y. 50, 28 Am.
Rep. 104; Williams v. Webb, 22 Misc.
Rep. 513, 49 N. Y. S. 1111.

Ohio. — First Nat. Bank v. Marietta,
etc., R. Co., 20 O. St. 259, 5 Am. Rep.
655; Jones v. Voorhees, 10 O. 145; Mad
River, etc., R. Co. v. Fulton, 20 O. 318;
McFadden v. Steamboat Niagara, 10
West. L. J. 169, 1 O. Dec. Reprint 491.

South Carolina. — Battle v. Columbia,
etc.. Railroad, 70 S. C. 329, 49 S. E. 849;
Godfrey v. Pullman Co., 69 S. E. 666, 87
S. C. 361.

Tennessee. — Bomar v. Maxwell, 28
Tenn. (9 Humph.) 621. 51 Am. Dec. 682;
Johnson r. Stone, 30 Tenn. (11 Humph.)
419.

Texas. — International, etc., R. Co. v.
McCown, 2 Texas App. Civ. Cas.-, § 712;
Missouri Pac. R. Co. v. York, 2 Texas
App. Civ. Cas., § 638; Texas, etc.,
]<.. Co. z'. Lawrence, 42 Tex. Civ. App.
318, 95 S. W. 663.

England. — Cadwalldcrn z'. Grand Trunk
R. Co., 9 L. C. Rep. 169.

88. Merrill z: Grinncll, 30 N. Y. 594;
llasbrouck 7'. New York, etc., R. Co.. 202
X. Y. 363, 95 N. E. 80S, ;t5 L. R. A.. N. S.,
537, Ann. Cas. 1912D, 1150, aflirmiiig 122
X. Y. S. 123. 137 App. Div. 532, which
affirms IIS iX. Y. S. i:!5. 64 Misc. Rep.
•ns; Godfrey .-. Pullman Co.. 87 S. C. 361,
69 S. 1''. 666; Johnson z: Stone, 30 Tciui.
(11 lliiini)h.) 119.

89. Savings bank and contents. — ^'azoo,



§§ 3438-3439



CARRIERS.



3126



Money in Excess of Traveling Expenses. — The carrier is not liable, as for
baggage, for the loss of any money in excess of the reasonable expenses of the
journey.'-^^ So money not intended for the use of the passenger while traveling
can not be considered baggage. '■'^ It has been held that a county treasurer who
purchases a railroad ticket entitling him to first class passenger transportation has
no right to carry with him in a passenger train certain money which he is re-
quired by law to pay over to the state treasurer at the place of destination, al-
though the railroad had for many years previously acquiesced in such a practice,
and accepted him as a passenger with knowdedge that he had the money with
him.92

Money of Another Passenger. — See ante, "In General," § 3431.

§ 3439. Perishable Property. — A common carrier is not liable, as for the
ordinary baggage of a passenger, for articles which are perishable in their nature.



etc., R. Co. V. Baldwin, 113 Tenn. 205. 81
S. W. 599. 12 R. R. R. 856, 35 Am. & Eng.
R. Cas.. N. S., 856.

90. Money in excess of traveling ex-
penses. — Arkansas. — St. Louis, etc., R.
Co. V. Berry, 60 Ark. 433, 30 S. W. 764,
28 L. R. A. 501, 46 Am. St. Rep. 212.

California. — Pfister v. Central Pac. R.
Co., 70 Cal. 169. 11 Pac. 686, 59 Am. Dec.
404.

Connecticut. — Hickox v. Naugatnck R.
Co.. 31 Conn. 281, 83 Am. Dec. 143.

Georgia.— Dihhle v. Brown, 12 Ga. 217,
56 Am. Dec. 460; Hutchings & Co. v.
Western, etc., R. Co., 25 Ga. 61, 71 Am.
Dec. 1.56.

Illinois. — Davis v. Michigan, etc., R.
Co., 22 111. 278, 74 Am. Dec. 151; Cincin-
nati, etc.. R. Co. V. Marcus, 38 111. 219;
Illinois Cent. R. Co. v. Copeland. 24 111.
332, 76 Am. Dec. 749.

Indiana. — Doyle v. Kiser, 6 Ind. 242.

Kentucky. — Chesapeake, etc., R. Co. v.
Hall (Kv.), 124 S. W. 372, 34 R. R.
R. 468, 57 Am. & Eng. R. Cas., N. S., 468.

Massachusetts. — • Dunlap v. Interna-
tional Steamboat Co., 98 Mass. 371; Jor-
dan V. Fall River R. Co.. 5 Cush. 69, 51
Am. Dec. 44; Levins v. New York, etc.,
R. Co., 183 Mass. 175, 66 >. E. 803, 97
Am. St. Rep. 434.

Mississippi. — Illinois Cent. R. Co. v.
^andy, 63 Miss. 609. 56 Am. Rep. 846.

Missouri. — Whitmore 7'. Caroline, 20
Mo. 513.

A'rw }'or/r.— Grant v. Newton, 1 E. D.
Smith 95; Merrill v. Grinnell, 30 N. Y.
594; Orange County Bank v. Brown, 9
Wend. 85. 24 Am. Dec. 129; Torpey v.
Williams, 3 Dalv 162; Weed v. Saratoga,
etc., R. Co., 19 Wend. 534; Weeks v. New
York, etc., R. Co., 9 Hnn 669, affirmed in
72 N. Y. 50, 28 Am. Rep. 104; Williams
V. Webb, 2C Misc. Rep. 513, 49 N. Y. S.
1111.

Ohio. — First Nat. Bank v. Marietta,
etc., R. Co., 20 O. St. 259, 5 Am. Rep.
655; McFadden v. Steamboat Niagara, 10
West L. J. 169, 1 O. Dec. Reprint 491.



Tennessee. — Bomar v. Maxwell, 28
Tenn. (9 Humph.) 621, 51 Am. Dec. 682.

Texas. — ^Missouri Pac. R. Co. v. York,
2 Texas App. Civ. Cas., § 638; Jones v.
Priester, 1 Texas App. Civ. Cas., § 613.

England. — Butcher v. London, etc., R.
Co.. 16 C. B. 13, 3 C. L. R. 805. 1 Jur. N.
S. 427, 24 L. J. C. P. 137, 3 W. R. 409;
Phelps V. London, etc., R. Co., 19 C. B.
N. S. 321, 11 Jur. N. S. 652, 34 L. J. C. P.
259, 13 W. R. 782, 12 L. T. 496.

Unless the loss is occasioned by gross
negligence on the part of its servants,
the carrier is not responsible for money
included in the baggage of a passenger
beyond the amount necessary for travel-
ing expenses and personal use. Jordan
r. Fair River R. Co. (Mass.), 5 Cush. 69,
51 Am. Dec. 44.

91. Money not intended for expenses.
—Jordan v. Fall River R. Co. (Mass.), 5
Cush. 69, 51 Am. Dec. 44.

Money intended for trade or invest-
ment. — In Pfister v. Central Pac. R. Co.,
70 Cal. 169, 11 Pac. 686, 59 Am. Dec. 404.
it is held that under § 2181 of the Civil
Code of California, money belonging to
a passenger on a railroad, and intended
for trade, or investment, and not for the
use of the passenger while traveling, is
not luggage.

Money in trunk for purchasing cloth-
ing. — In Hickox :•. Naugatnck R. Co., 'M
Conn. 281, 83 Am. Dec. 143 it is held that
a passenger can not recover for money
carried in the trunk for the purpose of
purchasing clothing at the place to which
he was traveling.

Bank notes for contingencies of suit —
In Phelps V. London, etc., Ry. Co., 19 C.
B., N. S., 321, 11 Jur., N. S., 652, 34 L. J.
C. P. 259. 13 W. R. 782, 12 L. T. 496, it is
held that "ordinary luggage," for_ which
a railroad is responsible, does not include
bank notes (to a considerable amount)
carried by an attorney for the purpose of
meeting the contingencies of a suit.

92. Money carried by county treasurer.
—Pfister c'. Central Pac. R. Co., 70 Cal.
169, 11 Pac. 686, 59 Am. Dec. 404.



3127



PASSENGERS EFFECTS.



§§ 3439-3441



such as fruit, when placed in the trunk of a passenger, to be transported by the
carrier as baggage.-'^

§ 3440. Property to Be Used for Recreation. — x\ccording to the weight
of authority, articles intended to be used as instruments of pastime and recre-
ation, either during the journey or after its completion, may constitute part of
a passenger's ordinary personal baggage. ^^ So it is held that the guns of a
hunter,'^'' the fishing tackle of a fisherman, while on a hunting expedition,
or the cooking utensels of a party bent upon a camping expedition,'-'*' are baggage.
It has been held that an unboxed and unguarded bicycle, though intended for
recreation, is not baggage and a railroad is not bound to carry it free as such."''^

§ 3441. Tools, and Professional Instruments and Documents. — It is

generally held that a mechanic, workman, or member of a profession is entitled
to include in his baggage a reasonable c[uantity of tools, professional instru-
ments, or business documents and memoranda, or books, for use in his occupa-
tion.^^ Thus, it has been held that manuscript music which is used by a traveling



93. Perishable property. — Georgia R.
Co. V. Johnson. 113 Ga. oSO, 3S S. E. 954,
21 Am. & Eng. R. Cas.. N. S.. 840.

94. Property to be used for recreation.
— Arkansas. — Little Rock, etc., R. Co. z\
Record, 74 Ark. 125, 85 S. W. 421, 16 R.
R. R. 664, 39 Am. & Eng. R. Cas., N. S.,
664, 109 Am. St. Rep. 67.

Illinois. — Atwood v. Mohler, lOS 111.
App. 416; Parmelee v. Fischei, 22 111. 213,
74 Am. Dec. 138; Werner v. Evans, 94 111.
App. 328.

Indiana. — Doyle v. Kiser, 6 Ind. 242;
Toledo, etc., R. Co. v. Hammond, 33 Ind.
379, 5 Am. Rep. 221.

Missouri. — Spooner v. Hannibal, etc.,
R. Co., 23 Mo. App. 403.

Neiv York. — Davis v. Cayuga, etc., R.
Co., 10 How. Prac. 330; Hawkins v. Hoflf-
man, 6 Hill 580, 41 Am. Dec. 767; Van
Horn V. Kermit, 4 E. D. Smith 453.

South Dakota. — House v. Chicago, etc.,
R. Co.. 30 S. Dak. 321, 138 N. W. 809.

Texas. — Pullman Co. v. Vanderhoeven,
107 S. W. 147, 48 Tex. Civ. App. 414.

England. — Cadwallder v. Grand Trunk
R. Co., 9 L. C. 169; Macrow v. Great
Western R. Co., L. R., 6 Q. B. 612, 40 L.
J. Q. B. 300, 24 L. H. 618, 19 W. R. 8,
3 Ry. & C. T. Cas. xix.

Camera held to be baggage. — Atwood
V. Mohler, lOS 111. A])p. 416.

Graphophone horn held to be. — Vlas-
servitch v. Augusta, etc., R. Co., 85 S. C.
29], 67 S. E. 306, 35 R. R. R. 721, 58 Am.
& Eng. R. Cas., N. S., 7,M1.

Opera glass — Entire journey made at
night. — In Toledo, etc., li. Co. v. Ham-
mond, 33 Ind. 379, 5 Am. Rep. 221, it is
held that baggage may include an opera
glass, though the entire journey be made
at night.

Telescopes on ocean voyage. — In C.id-
wallflcr 7'. r.rimd 'i'niiik R. Co., '.i L. C.
CEng. ), 109, it is held that night glasses
or telescopes carried by f)ne inlend.ing to
cross the ocean are baggage.

Zither key held to be baggage. — Yazoo,
etc., R. Co. -'. ilaldv.iii, IK! 'ienn. 20.''., 81



S. W. 509, 12 R. R. R. 856, 35 Am. tSi Eng.
R. Cas., N. S., 850.

95. Guns of hunter. — House v. Chi-
cago, etc., R. Co., 30 S. Dak. 321, 138 N.
W. 809; Hawkins v. Hoffman (N. Y.), 6
Hill 586, 41 Am. Dec. 767; Davis v. Cay-
uga, etc., R. Co. (N. Y.), 10 How. Prac.
330; Van Horn v. Kermit (N. Y.), 4 E.
D. Smith 453. See Little Rock, etc., R.
Co. V. Record, 74 Ark. 125, 85 S. W. 421,
10 R. R. R. 064. 39 Am. & Eng. R. Cas.,
N. S., 664,_ 109 Am. St. Rep. 07.

96. Fishing tackle and camp utensils. —
House v. Chic^ago, etc., R. Co., 30 S. Dak.
.';21, 138 X. W. 809.

97. Unboxed and unguarded bicycle. —
State z>. Missouri Pac. R. Co., 71 Mo.
App. 385, 7 Am. & Eng. R. Cas., N. S., 66.

98. Tools, and professional instruments
and documents. — United .States. — Hanni-
bal, etc., R. Co. I: Swifi, 1,^ Wall. ?62, 20
L. Ed. 423; Hopkins v. Westcott, 6
Blatchf. 64, Fed. Cas. No. 6,692.

Florida.— Brock v. Gale, 14 Fla. 523, 14
Am. Rep. 356.

Illinois. — Werner v. Evans, 94 111. App.
328.

Indiana. — Staub v. Kendrick. 121 Ind.
226, 23 N. E. 779, 6 L. R. A. 019.

Kansas. — Kansas, etc., R. Co. v. Mor-
rison, 34 Kan. 502, 55 Am. Rep. 252, 9
Pac. 225, 23 Am. & Eng. R. Cas. 481.

N'cw York. — Davis v. Cayauga, etc., R.
Co., 10 How. Prac. 3.30; Grzywacz r. New
York, etc., R. Co., 134 N. Y. S. 209, 74
Misc. Rep. 343, judgment aflirmed in 134
N. Y. S. 1133, 149 App. Div. 930.

Oregon. — Wells v. Great Northern R.
Co., 59 Ore. 16.5, 114 Pac. 92, 116 Pac.
1070, 34 L. R. A., N. S.. 818.

Penns\h<ania. — Porter v. IIildel)ran(l.
14 Pa. 129; McGill v. Rowand, 3 Fa. 151.
45 Am. Dec. 054.

South Dakota. — House ?'. Chicago, etc.,
R. Co., 30 S. Dak. 321, 138 N. \Y. 80»

Tcvas. — Missouri, etc., R. Co. v. Meek,
33 Tex. Civ. App. 47, 75 vS. W. 317; Texas,
etc.. R. Co. V. Russell (Tex. Civ. App.), 97
S. W. 1090; Texas, etc., R. Co. v. Morris-



3441



CARRIERS.



3128



company in its business is entitled to be regarded and carried as baggage when
the company travel as passengers by railroad. ^^ And it is held that the manuscript
of an author, professional man or student is baggage. ^ The surgical instruments,
in the case of a surgeon in the army traveling with troops, constitute part of his
baggage.2

Articles Held Not Baggage. — Trunks containing stage properties, costumes,
parapliernalia, advertising matter, etc., carried with a theatrical company on its
journey, are not "baggage."^ It has been held that painter's and tailor's utensils
packed with the belongings of an emigrant can not be included as baggage unless
it appears that the carrier had knowledge of such articles and accepted them as
baggage.'* And it is held that "ordinary luggage" for which a railroad company
is responsible does not include title deeds belonging to a client, which an attorney



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