Thomas Lechford.

Note-book kept by Thomas Lechford, Esq., lawyer, in Boston, Massachusetts Bay, from June 27, 1638, to July 29, 1641 (Volume 7) online

. (page 23 of 47)
Online LibraryThomas LechfordNote-book kept by Thomas Lechford, Esq., lawyer, in Boston, Massachusetts Bay, from June 27, 1638, to July 29, 1641 (Volume 7) → online text (page 23 of 47)
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the troops under Captain Patrick to the nor yet his son ; but I know no other

Pequot war. The party reached the of that name there,
scene of war just after Underbill and



LECHFOllD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.



gent to receive of John Jones of Concord brickmaker r>/).<?. tlic
remainder of 41 owing to him d;iT 12. 8. 1039.



Thomas Nicholls of Jlingham 1 planter l)ound to John
Cockercll mcrcatori in GQ1 dat 15. 8. 1G39. If 30* be pa,yd by
the brother of the said Thomas who was Executor of the last
will of Walter Nichols of Coggeshall in Essex clothier de
ceased upon the first day of Aprill to John Cockercll or his
ass* [Is.]

M r John Stratton of Salem gent conveys all his interest in
lands whatsoever at Cape Porpicc 2 to Richard Saltonstall
Esq r & Hugh Peters Pastor of 8alem & their hcires the rest
that is not sold Matthew Cradockc mercator pro 101 [1,9.]

Roger Conant 3 of Salem in New England planter makes a
letter of Attorney to Mf Thomas Wcston merchant to receive



1 Of Thomas Nicbolls, of Hinglmm,
it is stntcd that he married a wife and
moved to Scituute, but shortly returned.
Besides this I know nothing more of
the various parties to this agreement,
whatever may he inferred from p. 180
pnsf. The name of William Cockercll
occurs diifc, p. 50.

a Cape Porpice (Lech ford s method of
spelling Porpoise) is in York County in
Maine, and now forms the northeast
boundary of Kenncbunk Harbor. Hugh
Peter, in spite of the faet of his being
a minister of the Gospel, seems to have
been something of a man of business as
well. He is mentioned in the Colonial
Records as being requested to import
saltpetre from Holland ; also as present
ing a schedule of Robert Saltonstall s
properly to satisfy his creditors. Rich-
ard Saltonxtall s affairs, however, did
not, as a rule, terminate successfully ;
and it is to be hoped that this was an
exception to the rule. Hugh Peter
went back to England shortly after this
in the same ship with Leehford himself.
Matthew Cradock, although he never



came to New England, had frequent
grants of land there from the General
Court, and evidently had many business
enterprises there.

For convenience, I append here a few
dates and facts. Richard Saltonstall,
son of Sir Richard, was brought by his
father in 1630. He had been a member of
Emmanuel College, University of Cam
bridge. Shortly after arriving he went
home to England, and did not come to
New England again until 1635, when
he brought his newly married wife and
a daughter. He was representative in
1636 and 1637 ; assistant in 1637 ;
returned to England again, 1649; was in
Massachusetts for a few years, 1680;
died in England 1094.

Cradock, a wealthy London merchant,
was governor of the Massachusetts Com
pany before the election of John Win-
tin op. He never came to New England,
but was of great help to the colony.
He was a member of the Long Parlia
ment. He died May 27, 1641.

8 Roger Conant, born 1592, came to
New England in 1623, and had lived at



H



210 LEG II FORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.

of Captaine [ Mank] Fleet T l 14s. by bill owing to him seven
yeares 1(5. 8. 1039. [Gtf.]

Me Johcm Ifuinfrey ar toner ttc Daniel Butler do London
haherdashcr in 2001 dat 17. 8. K539 Condiconed Tor the pay
ment of 1001 Feb r px. [!.]

Richard Gridley tunics over Willm Borcman to Willm
Towncsend l of Boston in N E thatcher for 6 yeares from
29. 7 last past to be Apprentice of the craftc of a thatcher by
Indenture dated 17. 8. 1G39. [2.]

Me Martin Stibbcns 2 do Roxbury gardiner tener &c Walter
Blackbornc in 221 dat

Conditioned to pay ll l in three yeares halfe yearely 30s. Sd.
at a payment at Ml" Blackbornes house in Boston. 1st pay
ment 1 Maii px. [Is.]

[131] Articles of agreement made the 30 th day of the seventh
moneth Anno Dmi 1G39 Betweenc Thomas Hawkins of Dor
chester in New England shipwright of the one parte and Willm

Plymouth first, and then at many other liuivman, may imagine his journey to

places before settling at Salem. He his new master whenever tlu-y walk up

was appointed governor of the Dor- Summer Street. As for Townseml, lie

Chester plantation, which was projected was one of those respectable persons

in 1625. He was .several times deputy, who, because they do not figure promi-

was assistant at the court at Salem, nently in town records and such like,

and so forth. He died 1079. Thomas either as notables or criminals, are for-

"Weston was now a merchant of Lon- gotten by posterity. He was a worthy

don, and had been in the country only man, I should judge, even though he was

once, for a year or two, about 1623, forced to deliver up his arms to Captain

at Wcymouth, where he had under- Robert Keayne, with fifty-seven other

taken to plant a colony, which was citizens who, like himself, had been

unsuccessful. seduced and led into dangerous errors

1 William Townseml lived on "Wash- by our friends Mr. Wheelwright and

ington Street a little north of Winter Mistress Anne Hutchinson.

(Book of Possessions, p. 81, F, 72). 2 Martin Stebbins was a brewer of

(Jridley himself lived on the north side Roxbury. lie subsequently moved into

of Summer Street, by the water, not far Boston, where he continued. The Bus-

from what is now Federal Street. Any ton Town llccords have notice of him

readers, therefore, who are interested several times, but never, save once, in

in the somewhat pathetic wanderings regard to anything except beer,
of this Jack-of-all-trades of a William



LECIIFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK. 211

Robinson l of the same husbandman of the oilier parto. As
followcth.

1. Imprimis the said Thomas doth agree & hereby let unto
the said William all that parte & portion of land sometime in
ihe occupation of Roger Ludlowc 2 gent lying w th in the bounds
of Dorchester aforesaid conteyning ncarc 100 acres of upland
& ni(Mlo\ve w th the neck of land called Squcnton on the east &
certainc marsh on the west and one house ncarely erected
thereupon but not finished w ch the said Thomas Hawkins shall
& will cause a stackc of brick chimneys to be erected & the
floares both aloft & below to be layd all but in one roome there
of in convenient time, together w tb eight Cowcs two sowes
sixty eight goatcs foure oxen and one bull w th one plough one
cart one paire of wheeler and one pairc of harrowes \v lh one
cliaino l)o\vc & yokes upon the said lands to be kept used &
imploycd from the making hereof for & during the space
of seven ycares from thenceforth next ensuing fully to be
com pleat e <t ended.

2. Item that the said Thomas shall sell the said William cart
wheelos the said W ni shall pay the said Thomas for thorn at
the second harvest after the date hereof.

8. Item the said William Robinson doth agree undertake &
receive the said premises accordingly and in considiration
thereof Doth promise & Covenant w th the said Thomas that
he will at his cost <t charges thatch the said house and all
other housing that the said Thomas shall have occasion to build
upon the premises at any time during the said tcrme.

4. That lie the said William shall & will in manner fc forme
following pay & deliver unto the said Thomas Hawkins the
one halfe of the increase of the said Cattle tt swine and halfe

1 William Robinson, of Dorchester, same year, and settled in Dorchester.

is continually mentioned in the records Jit; was in 1034 made deputy -gov-

of that town, where he was a well- ernor, and in 10o5 removed to Windsor,

known citizen. He came over in 1G36, Conn., and thence (1<J3!>) to Fail-field,

and was admitted freeman 1642. Went off to Virginia, 16f>4, " under a

2 The place and time of the birth and maledict." says Savage, "for carrying

death of Koger Lmllow are unknown, away the town ree., \vh. was a, charge

lie was chosen assistant, Feb. 10, l(i.,0; long aft. rcfut. l>y find, the vol. in

came to New England in May of the town."



21 2 LECIIFORD S MANUSCH1PT NOTE-BOOK.

of the butter cheese <t milke of (horn and Imlfe such corne as
by the best endcvours of the said Wilhn <fc his servants w th
the blessing of God upon the same shall ycarcly growe & renewe
upon the premises during the said ierme and that the said
William shall & will every yeare plant & plough 12 acres of
all sorts of grainc more than other at the least.

5. Item that the living increase of the said stockc except
swine shall be equally divided betweene the said parties at the
end of three yearcs next after the date hereof and againc at the
end of the said tcrme or sooner if the said lands shall bo found
uncapable of bearing <k susteyning the number of cattle w th
their increase aforesaid.

(>. Item that if any beast of the said stocke hereby demised
shall happen to dye during the said tonne the said Wilhn shall
& will bcare the losse & expense upon such death at his eoste
make good the first number of the said stocke from time to
time A; in the end of the said tonne redeliver the same stocke
or other cattel as good in their roome unto the said Thomas
his executors & assignes together w tb the said increase thereof
as aforesaid.

7. Item the said Thomas shall allow the said W m a boat for
his necessary occasions from time to time during the said termc
the said W m repayring & taking charge of the said boat &, to
provide a new one in case the said boat shall be split or cast
away in his service. And in lieu of the said boat the said W in
shall allow the said Thomas the use of the said oxen & cart
one moneth betweene hay harvest & corne harvest every ycarc
during the said termc to fetch home his firewood & the said
W m to grcant the said cart & be payd for his worke according
to the rate of ordinary wages for the time being.

8. Item that if any boast or beasts of the said stockc dye
the first throe retires then the said Thomas shall lay downe
money to ivpaire the said stocke and the said Willm shall
recompense the said Thomas Av th one yeares increase wholly
to himself according to the time that the said money shall
be forborne.

0. Item the said parties shall & may agree <fc consult to
gether from time to time during the said termc about the



LECHEORD S JMAVASCfl/P7 T NOTE-BOOK. 213

altering any of the cowes of the said stocke & taking in any
of the increase or other beast fur stock.

10. Item that the said Thomas shall or mav take his parte
of the increase of the swine at his pleasure and the butter
cheese milkc to be divided as the said Thomas shall call
for it.

[132] 11. Item that the said William shall & will within the
first yearc of the said ternie ditch so much of the said lands
as may fence the same from all cattell tfc swine and within the
first three yearcs of the said tcrme shall & will ditch the said
lands round w lh a sufficient ditch and crusse fence the same
from ditch to ditch w th postcs & rayles.

12. Item that the said Willm shall & will well & suffi
ciently repairc scourc & dense <fc maintaine the said house <fc
all other housings to be built on the premises cvj the said ditches
<fc fences w th all need full <fc necessary reparations clensings &
scourings when & as often as need shall require during the
said tcrme and the same so well & sufficiently repaired scoured
<t mainteyncd in the end of the said tcrme shall will sur
render & yield up unto the said Thomas bin heircs executors
tt ns.signes together w th the said plough (Jartwheeles haiTowcs
ch:ii ne bowes & yoakes in so good case & coiidicoii as he received
them necessary use execptcd in meane while if any of the said
ntensills of husbandry faile or be broken or lost the said W m
is to buy new.

13. Hem that if the said W in shall dye within the said terme
then his wife or executors shall surrender the said farme &
stocke unto the said Thomas upon such termes as two or three
indifferent men by them to be chosen shall determine w lb ref
erence to former respects future hopes.

14. Item that if any difference or other considerable matter
concerning the premises shall hereafter fall out between the
said partycs yet unknown to them the same shall be ordered
by 3 arbitrators indiferently to be chosen by A- between tin;
said partycs.

15. Item that the said Willm shall A will this first yearc
fence in a large garden plott upon the premises ncarc the said
house & shall from yeare to ycare during the said tcrme plant



214 LECHFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.

it w th usuall garden fruits tlicrcof allowc deliver yearcly to
the said Thomas one lialfe except such soiiier fruits as the
said Willm sliall spend & use in his house.

16. Item that the said Thomas & Willm shall & will equally
pay & discharge from time to time all rates that shall be im
posed on the said house lands & stoekc during the said terme
out of the increase of the said Cattel <fc proffitts of the said
lands.

17. Item that the said Thomas shall lend the said Willm
tcnn pounds and twenty five bushells of Indian conic who shall
repay the same at the next harvest according to the rates of
corne then & now differing.

Mr Thomam Martin 1 de villa Caroli in Nova Anglia planta-
tor to be bound by bill to Solomon Saffery in 301 to be payd
1. 1 next.



THOMAS WmiERLE 2 mariner pit 31 Oct 1639.
EDWARD II BALE 3 deft.

The pit compluineth against Defen dt for that whereas the
I)efen dt did upon the 26 tb day of May last past reteyne the pit

1 Thomas Martin moved to Cam- post, where he is called of Southwark,
bridge, and thence may have moved to Co. Surrey.

New London. Solomon Saflery is said 8 The name of Edward Ileale occurs

by Savage, on Hutchinson s authority, several times in the Note-book, sometimes

to have been a mathematician, who as- being spelled Hele, and sometimes Heale.

sisted Nathaniel Woodward to run the Savage calls it Healey, or Hale) , some-

south line of the Colony. He is nowhere times Hale, Hele, or Heale, the same

else mentioned that I know of. name. Nevertheless, there is no Ed-

2 Thomas Witherle. I think this ward among them all. From the
name is Witherly, as it is so spelled mention of Edward Hele, of Bristol,
later in the Note-book. Thomas With- later in the Note-book, I am led to think
erly was fined for contempt (Mass. Col. that if the two names (llc;de and
Jlcc., i. 261) ; but the name is not to be Hele) refer to the same person, this
found in Savage, who gives Wetherell, person was an English merchant who
which he says is the same as Witherly, never remained in the country for any
but no Thomas. Or is this Thomas length of time, if, indeed, he was ever
Witherly a Connecticut man, as appears there. It is very possible that lie may
later (p. 189 post), to whom that roll- have had a correspondent in Virginia,
ing stone, William Boreman, is finally and may have passed some time in that
intrusted (p. 142 post) 1 * See also p. 158 part of the country.



LECHFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK. 215

to bo his servant in the place of master of the barkc patience
now riding in the harbor of Boston to sayle to <fc fro upon the
seas in the occasions of the defend 4 for the wages of 41 by the
rnoneth ever since w ch time the pit accordingly served the said
defend 1 in the said barkc in severall voyages whereof the last
was from Virginia to Boston aforesaid where the said barkc
arrived the 20 th of September last so that there is due
to pit for his wages aforesd sixteene pounds for foure full
uioneths wanting but one day or two at most till that time.
Also since the said twentieth of September the pit being im-
payd his wages aforesaid whereby he is not discharged from
the said barkc but kept from returning to Virginia about his
occasions where he hath divers debts owing to him & being
not there to demand them while tobacco is in mens hands
there he may be in danger to loose his said debts thereby And
the pit further saith that by the law he ought to have wages
& dyet from the said defcn dt till he be payd off all wages but
the said defend* hath both refused to pay the pit his wages
and to allow him diet since the said 20 tb of Sept w ch hath to
this day cost the pit 5* besides 5 l and 5s. due [133] for wages
of one moneth & ten daycs since the said 20 th of September
till this present day so that there is due to the pit for wages &
dyet as aforesaid 26* 5s. besides his dammages aforesaid To
the Dammage of the pit 301 and thereupon he brings his suit.
[Is. Grf.]

LEONARD BUTTERS l Defendt.
ISRAEL STOUGHTON ESQ joft.

The Defend* saith that the reason why he hath not finished
the pits worke is because that John Peirce mason the Defend-
cnts Journeyman was pressed from this Defend* for the Coun-
tryes service about the Castle & the defend 1 could not get
another workman but hath ben ever since about other worke

1 Leonard Butters, or Buttolph, was relative. Tn regard to the work about

the bric.klayer, mason, and lime-burner the castle, I quote from the Colonial

already spoken of. As to John Pierce, Records of the date June 6, 1639, vol. i.

he may be the bricklayer of that name p. 260 :
of Boston (1670), or his father, or some



21G



LECIIFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.



w ch was in hand before the pits saving for foure daycs <fc now
the defeudt is ready to enter upon the pits worke if that he
please & for those foure daves he referreth himselfe to the

[Is.]



iudgmcnt of the Court.



Ruli c Scott at Edward Ileale in an accon of the case.



Jonathan Wcymouth 1 against the same in an accon of the



case.



Coppy of an account for M r Nicholas Tcrise & Mr Joshua
Ilewes. [2s.]

David Sellecke 2 of Dorchester soap boyler bound unto
John Kakcr of Ipswich grocer in G 1 to be payd 1 Mail at the
house of Francis Hudson in Boston, dat 2 No : 1G39.



" It was ordered that a levy of 10001
be raised i ourth\v th . ... Of this 10001
there is 250* appointed and alo\ved to
build a house, repair the batteries
at Castle Island. The Governo r [\Viu-
throp], tlic Deputie Governo 1 " [Dudley],
& Mr. Israeli Stoughtou are appointed
to agree with dipt. Gibons, how to be
stow this 250, what men to keep at
the fort for the 100* p (w, after it is re
paired. "

1 Neither Ralfe Scott nor Jonathan
Wcymouth is to be found in Savage.

2 David Sellecke, .soap-boiler, is twice
mentioned in an unimportant manner
in the Dorchester Town Records. He is
called of Boston by Savage, who says
he died in Virginia in 105 t. Savage is
somewhat confused in his account of
the various John Bakers ; but he must
be right when he says that "one was
of Ipswich, perhaps lie who was born at
Norwich, County of Norfolk, a grocer,
tbat came in 1637, aged thirty-nine, to
Boston in the Hose of Yarmouth, with
Elizabeth, his wife," etc. Francis Hud



son, the fisherman and ferryman, was
said to be one of the first to set foot on
the peninsula of Boston. I am not cer
tain as to the position of his house here
referred to. He had leave (Feb. 28,
1052) "to wharfe Befor his own ground
near the Ferry at Charlestown." But
in the Book of Possessions his house is
put down somewhere near Gallup s
Point (on Hanover Street). There is
a difference between the dates of these
two entries of seven or eight years, so
it is possible that the latter is here
referred to. But Hudson s mime is
always connected with the other .side of
the peninsula, that opposite Charles-
town. Hudson s Point, named from
him, is at the foot of Copp s Hill; and
it was on this side of the town that the
ferries from Charlestown and Wiimisim-
rnet reached Boston ; and it was here, I
should think, that Hudson s house was
likely to be. He had lease of the ferry
toward the end of his life, and died
Nov. 3, 1700.



LECUFOllD S MAXi SCJUPT NOTE-BOOK. 217

And a release of executions &c. by John Baker to David
Scllcckc Dut 1 No. 1089. [lit/.]

William Brackcnbcrry l of Charlestowne in N E Plan
ter sells for 391 10.?. unto Edward Wood Baker one dwelling
house lyinpj in Charlestowne aforesaid bctwccne the lands of
Joseph Hill on ihe souih tt the lands lale M r . is Ili^iusons on
the north w th a forcyard already palled out and the 1ml fo of
one garden thereunto bc lon^ing that is to say the south hall e
to he equally divided in the iniddst & impallcd at equall costs
in convenient time and all outhouses & appurtenances thereto
belonging. Provided that the said Brackenherry shall have
liberty to brinu his cattell to <fc from his ownc yard Doorc

J O *>

through the foresaid foreyard iindinu: stuffe for the setting up
of the fore dore to the said yard the (lore to be made fitting for
the occasions of the said Edward Wood And liberty to make
a leanto unto the end of the parlor stopping no light <fe making
no annoyance to the house by filthy stincks or otherwise.
And that the said Brack : shall not bake or cause to be baked
any sorts of bread to sell except only for his owne famile
during the time the said partyes live in Charlestowne together,
except the magistrates shall find a necessity in regard of his
or his wiles pb vcrty or in regard of the towncs want. [Go?.]

A bond to perform Covenants in 391 1Q S .

A bill to Brack : for 151 to be payd 24 Dec. pcnall. [Is.]

This Indenture the [Wa//.-] day of [/;/ fc] betwccnc William
Brackenbcrry of Charlestowne in New England planter of the

1 William I rackenbury was a baker in Charlestown, and extended back oast

by trade. He was apparently a public- ward to the marsh by \yapping Dock

spirited man as well, for lie had served (Wyman s Ch trlcstmni). .Joseph Hills,

as constable for Charlestown a year who lived on one side of this house, was

01 two before this. He subsequently a woollendraper from Maiden in Eng-

moveil to Maiden, where he was for land, and his sons and grandsons lived

some time selectman, and died August, in Maiden here. Mrs. Higcjinson was

1663. The name, by the way, often Ann, the wife of the Itev. Francis Hig-

appears spelled Brankenbury. Little is ginson, of Salem (who died in August,

known of Edward Wood which cannot 1630). She had moved to Ne.w Haven,

be inferred from this passage. The where she died in 1640.
house spoken of faced the Market Place



218 LECHF01WS MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.

one partc fc Edward Woqd of the same baker of the other
parto witnesscth that the said William Brackenberry for thirty
nyno pounds & ton shillings to him in hand payd <fc satisfied
by the said Edward Wood before the scaling A: delivery hereof
whereof & wherewith he the said Willm Brackenberry doth
acknowledge himself to be satisfied & paid & thereof <fc of
every parte thereof doth acquite release & forever discharge
the said Edward Wood his heircs executors & administrators
by these presents doth [131] hereby grant bargaine & sell unto
the said Edward Wood one dwelling house situate in Charles-
towne aforesaid bctwecne the lands of Joseph Hill on the south
parte & the lands late M r . u lligginsons on the north parte w th
a foreyard already palled out of y breadth of two yards and
three ynches at the entrance thereof out of the strecte there
and the one halfe of one garden thereunto belonging that is
to say the south halfe to be equally divided in the middest
at the cquall costs & charges of the said partyes to these
presents in convenient time and all ovens outhouses waves
lights eas iuents & appurtenances thereunto belonging And
all the right title interest & demand of the said Willm Brack
enberry of in & to the premises hereby granted To have
& to hold the said dwelling house & all & singulare the
premises hereby granted w th the appurtenances unto the said
Edward Wood his heircs & assignes for ever. And the said
Willm Brackenberry doth hereby for himself his heircs execu
tors & administrators Covenant promise & grant to <fc with the
said Edward Wood his heires & assignes that he <fc they shall
or may lawfully quietly & peaceably have hold & enjoy the
said premises hereby granted & every parte thereof without
the lest trouble or eviction of him the said William Bracken-
bcrry & [t/a/it] his wife their heires ct assignes or any of them
or by their or any of their meancs assent or prom mt And the
said Edward Wood doth hereby for himselfe his heires & as
signes grant unto the said Willm Brackenberry his heires and



Online LibraryThomas LechfordNote-book kept by Thomas Lechford, Esq., lawyer, in Boston, Massachusetts Bay, from June 27, 1638, to July 29, 1641 (Volume 7) → online text (page 23 of 47)