Thomas Lechford.

Note-book kept by Thomas Lechford, Esq., lawyer, in Boston, Massachusetts Bay, from June 27, 1638, to July 29, 1641 (Volume 7) online

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mentioned I doc approve of the said proceedings & I say I
have received to the use of the said T. B. of well condiconed
leafc tobacco in caskc the weight of 2548 1 . [2. G. Copied
Attornat 1 (5. Cop orbit 1. ^l. r Winthrops receipt 1
Marshall* fee 5151.]

[158] Morgain Lcwys of Pascattaway marriner makes a
letter of Attorney to John Pickering 1 of Pascattaway planter
to receive of Ml" Thomas Warrenton the summc of 141 due to
ni(3 by bill dated 4 December IHoO payable & that should have
bin payd 80 Martii ult. Dat 27. Julii 1040 Coram me Ch"
Hardy & Samson Suiter. [1 0]

1 Jolni Pickering, already noted, is Of the two witnesses, I find Samson
the only one of these three of whom I Suiter as "Newport, 1C39;" but no
can find any mention in a cursory search. Christopher Hardy.



LECIIFORD S MAXUSCUIPT SOTE-DOOK.



271



Me John " 1 Pownes dc route London in Com Corke mcrcat
tcncr Georgio Luxson Xicli Brookings & Johi Morris in 341
dat 27 Julii 1040 Condicon to pay them 17* w thln 10 daycs
aftir the arrivall of the John & Francis of youghull . l in Kng-
laiul or Ireland. [Is.]

Captnino Timothy Thornhill makes a Letter of Attorney
to Will 1 " Rayiihorowo 2 merchant to reeeive all Debis ct
suinmos due to the said Captaine Thornhill. 5. 27. 1G40.
[1 J. ; a note (\<l]

Thomas Witherley mnrriner makes a letter of Attorney
unto Will m Vicars 3 of Connccticot planter to receive all debts
& dispose ct sell all cattell goods & chattells due to him or
Will 11 QuickC. 5. 27. 1(340." [10.]

Thomas Robinson of Boston marrincr for 40 sells unto
Thomas Witherley marrincr One barke ealled the Speedwell 4



1 From the same kindly authority
which gave me the whereabouts of
" Ponte Bondon in Com Corko," I
learn that Youghajl is " a considerable
seaport in the County of Cork, at the
mouth of the Blackwater," some little
way to the east of Cork Ilarhor.

>l William llaynborowe (called of
Charlestown, pnsf, p. 164) must he a
misspelling for William Kainsborough,
of that town. Kainsborough lived some
time in New England, but in 1045 he
went to England to serve in the Civil
War. He was himself made colonel,
and hnd Israel Stoughton as his lieu-
tenant-colonel, and Nehcrniah Bourne
as mnjor. Other New Englanders who
went with him were Mr. John Leverett,
William Hudson the younger, and
Francis Lisle the surgeon, of most of
whom we have had mention in this
book. IJainsborough is called in one
of Winthrop s letters the brother of
Stephen "\Vinthrop. He was the brother



of Judith, the wife of Stephen Winthrop.
If Wyman is right, he was also his step-
grandfather, by the marriage of Martha
llainsborough Coytmore with Governor
Winthrop. (See Wynian s C/utrfattoicn,
and Winth., vol. ii. a[>x. A, 05).

3 William Vicars mav be the, father
of Thomas Yigars, of Hartford, born
1G50. Savage offers the conjecture that
the family was Dutch ; but I find no
trace of the name in any early papers
relating to the New Netherlands that I
have seen. William Quick, called a
sailor (Suf. Dm?*, i. f. 50), is noted
at Newport, 1638, but seems by a later
entry in the Nnfc-lw.k to be of Con
necticut (pp. 182, 189, post).

4 Whether the "Speed well, "of pilgrim
fame, lasted out forty years after being
sent back to London as unseaworthy, is
a subject which may interest the curious.
One 1 obcrt Corbin was master of the
"Speedwell" 15 Aug., 1037 (U inth.,



272 LECHFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.

w tb nil tacklings & a])purtcnanccs to the same belonging w th
warranty against all men. o. 27. 1040. [1 0.]

Thomas Withcrle is bound to Thomas Robinson.

Me Thomam Withcrle cle Southwarke in Com SUIT tener
ct firmit r obligur Thome Robinson in 701 conditioned that if
bills of exchange be payd by M!" Edward Hopkins 1 for
35l then to be voyd. The bills to be payd at 30 dayes. The
bills of exchange only passe. [1 6.]

Allen Ycwc 2 of Boston .seaman assures his two third parts
of one shallop \v th tackling <t appurtenances thereunto belong
ing unto Thomas Foule & Samuel Mavericke Esqr s for 221 w ch
they payd for him to Richard Pin seaman w th proviso that if
he pay the money upon the 9 of October next then to be voyd
els he will also serve them & their assignes from thence 3
yeares. 5. 28. 1640. [28.]

BOSTON IN NEW ENGLAND July 28 1G40.

At sight of this my first bill of exchange my second &
third not being payd I pray you be pleased to pay upon the
nyneth day of November next ensuing the date hereof or any
time after that day unto Mr (Jeorge llussey Citizen & silk-
man of London dwelling at the signe of the Doggs head in
the pott in Clieapside London or his assignes the summe of
twenty pounds starling w ch is for so much heerc by me received
of Mf Robert Scott 3 of Boston aforesaid haberdasher 1 pray
you make good payment & place it to account as by advice.

[2] THOMAS MATSON.

1 Edward Hopkins, at this time gov- tinuations of this business may be found
ernor of Connecticut, came to Uoston in below (pp. 159, 164).

1037 with Davenport and Eaton, and 3 Mr. 1 obert Scott, subsequently

went the same year to Hartford, where ensign, had come with "\Vinthrop in

he was made an assistant, then gov- 1030. He was once or twice selectman,

ernor. He ivturned to England in 1052, His house was on the south side of State

where he died in 10f>7. Street, on the corner, it is supposed,

2 Of Allen Ycwc little seems to bo, of Pudding Lane, so called, now Devon-
known, save the fact that his name shire Street.

is spelled in a variety of ways. Con-



LECUFQRD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-HOOK. 273

To my loving Sister in law J\I ri . 3 [/>/W-] Chambers dwelling
at the signe of tlic golden key in Shcrborne Lane London wid-
dow and Executrix of the last will & testament of Thomas
Chambers Cittizen & clothworkcr of London Deceased.

John Davys l of Boston in New England ioyncr bound in
a bill to W m Hcrrickc m 3. 1G 8 to be payd 25 Dec next dat:
5. 28. 1040. [G(/.]

A Release by Thomas Matson 2 of Brayntrce in New Eng
land gunsmith and Anne his wife unto M r i 3 [&/] Chambers
widdow & executrix of the last will & testament of Thomas
Chambers Citizen & Cloathworker of London deceased for 20 1
parte of their Legacy 5. 28. 1040. [6c?.]

[159] Richard Pinne of Boston in New England seaman
makes a letter of Attorney to Allen Yewe to receive & re
cover all moneys debts dutyes & parte of a boatc & netts
due to him from divers persons upon Cape Codd voyage
wherein I was imploycd w th others And certaine money due
to me from one Nicholas servant to M r . Thatcher at yarmouth
in New England. 5. 28. 1G40. [Is.]

Me Allen Yewe do Boston in Nova Anglia nauta tener c
Ric Pinne in 61 dat 5. 28. 1G40. Conditioned to pay 81 ult
Junii 1041 at Robert Turners house in Boston. [Is.]

1 John Davis, of Boston, joiner, came in 1637, with which he sympathized,
in the "Increase" in 1635, and was, I Afterwards, says Savage, he became a
think, disarmed in 1637, with so many military officer. Where Robert Turner s
more of Leehford s clients. But the house was at this time I hardly know,
name John Davis is a confused one. lie had what I suppose to be a pasture
There wore two or three of the name lot near what is now the corner of
(all joiners) about this time. William Franklin and Congress streets ; but I
Herrick was of Southampton, L. I. think there was probably no house upon

2 Thomas Matson had been of Boston it. Later he bought of Valentine Hill
since Winthrop came over, a gun- a house on the west side of Washington
smith by trade and an early member Street, north of Court Street. It was
of the church ; freeman March 4, across the street from Major Gibbons s
1633. He moved to Braintreo after the [Lk. Possess., G, 44, p. 96].
discomfiture of the Hutchinson party

13



274 LECUFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.

And now, Worthy Sir, what news can I write you from us,
but such as is heavy and sad, in every respect? Yesterday,
being the 27th of July, a tall ship riding at anchor before
Charlestowne, that brought hither provisions from Bristoll,
called the Mary Rose, 1 was (most part) blown up with gun
powder which she had in her for defence, (and the rest sunke
do wne immcdiatelic,) through some careless rummaging with
candle-light in the hold : wherein died a brave mariner Cap-
taine Davis, with ten others, seamen, and two or three of the
Country being then on boardc. Fourteen others of the ship s
company being on shore, through the mercy of God escaped :
I never heard such a fearful blow : it shook the house wherein
I was being a mile off, as an earthquake. A sad and doleful
accident, and much laid to heart by me. This was at one
a clock iu the afternoone. God of his mercy grant that we
the living may lay it to heart and repent indeed, lest we all
likewise perish !

[Margin : " This is not written"] I for my part, though
I hear things are at an ill way in our native country, could
yet wish mysclfe there, or else in some other place of his
Majcstie s dominions, considering the errors and disorderlie
proceedings we run into and persist in dayly here, as sheep
without a shepherd. I know my friends desire to know
whether I am yet of any better mind than some of my actions
about the time of my coming away did show me to bee. I
doe professc that I am of this mind and judgment, I thank
God : that Christians cannot live happily without Bishops, as
in England ; nor Englishmen without a King. Popular elec
tions indanger people with war and a multitude of other
inconveniences. The people here, in short time, if the course
here hold long, (which God forbid !) arc like to be most
unchristian, and the rest erroneous and ignorant enough :
I have not received the Sacrament these two yeares, nor am
yet like to doc, for I cannot agree to such proceedings. 1 am

1 The blowing up of the ship "Mary later, j>i>. 165, 167, 187. If interested

Hose" in the harbor created much ex- in the matter, he will not fail to consult

citcment in the Colony. The reader will 1J int.h. t ii. 11, 72, 74, and 4 Mass. Hist.

remember Lech ford s marginal note, p. C ofl., vi. 141, where is a letter from

154 and he will meet further reference Kndicott to Winthrop on the matter.



LECIIFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK. 275

not of them, in church or common weal : Some bid me be
gone, of which I am in some sort glad : others labor with me
to stay, fearing my rcturnc will do thcire cause wrong ; and
loth am I to hcare of a stay, but am plucking up stakes with
as much speed as 1 may, if so be I may be so happy as to
arrive in Ireland, there at leaste to follow my old profession,
and where I have hope of some friendship, since 1 was last
there with my Lord Deputy Wentworth now lord lieutenant-
general. When they press me to stay, I hold them to such
points as these : 1, Let them be pleased to show me by the
Scriptures that a people may make [themselves ?] a church
without the presence and approbation of an Apostle or Evan
gelist sent unto them from a church: 2dly, That a people
have power to choose and ordain their own officers : 3dly,
That any ministers have power of imposition of hands, with
out apostolicall or cvangelicall Bishops ; and if they can, then
1 will stay. But 1 know not whether they will stay me volens
nolens or what [ways ?] they may use to stay me : but this,
God willing, is the mind I shall, I hope, live and die in. I
tell them the Scots have done they know not what, in putting
out of Bishops : I say further to them that others may if they
will strain at gnats, the cap, tippet, surplice, cross, kneeling
at the Sacrament, <fcc., whereof none can be singly evil : but
I for my part will pray that I may never swallow such camels
as dcpartc from Christ and his Apostles and Evangelists, but
dissent [from] receiving imposition of hands from one another,
downe from the days of the Apostles hitherto: though perad-
vcnture great corruptions and many sins have intervened and
[undecipherable] many, which God pardon unto us ! Further, I
say to my friends that Apostles, Prophets and Evangelists ought
and doe continue, as well as pastors or teachers, to the end
of the world : How else can the Gospel be propagated to the
Indian or Pagan nations ? for Pastors and Teachers, these here
make to be overseers of the flock, only. How can churches
be administered without them, in peace and uniforinitio ?
For if all churches are so free, and still one [over ?] another (as
they here holde), are they not in danger to become soe many
fractions, if not factions, sects, divisions, confusions, what not



276 LECIIFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.

[else? ] ? Also, if apostolical and evangelical Bishops, or su
pervisors are nccessarie for the propagation of the Gospel
and gathering together churches of God etc., how can they be,
without great impiety, thrust out from administering to them,
being gathered and approved ? May they not visit such
churches as they gather or approve ? Must they not ?

To all these they give me no sufficient answers ; and some
silence my letters ; l some cry out of nothing but Antichrist
and the Man of Sin : I desire such to consider Mr. Zanchy s
opinion, out of the Fathers, of Antichrist, and the doubtful
expressions of our interpreters on the Revelation and the
second Epistle to the Thcssalonians and 2d chapter : whether
the seat upon seven hills be a double type : whether it may
not be Constantinople as well as Rome, &c. When they urge
the example of Geneva, some churches in Germany, both the
Higher and Lower, Scotland, <tc., I then propound to them
to consider what experience any of these churches had in
mission to convert and plant churches among pagans and
heathens. But things are amiss, and grievances burden us
in tcmporalls and spiritualls. I [ask] what peace can we
have, or deserve to have, if we goe on in such a way of dis
obedience to Apostolical rules? They urge the Common
Prayer Book, and sermons arc their burden. I say the best
and letirnedest are and have been beholden to forms, and
when the poor Indians arc to be taught, will they not teach
them by forms? for extempore long prayers in publique and
long [continued?] 1 conceive, without forms in set words
and the reading of the Scriptures as well as preaching, the
generation following will be more ignorant, if not erronious.
In England. 12 or 13 Chapters and Psalmes 2 are read every
Sunday, in all Churches, beside what is upon Wednesdays and

1 After "letters" these -words were land every Sunday are read in publique

written and erased: "And will not dis- Chapters and Psalmes in every Church,

pute with nice. I think either out of besides the eleven or twelve Command-

[conterapt] of me or else despoire of their ments," etc. This, doubtless, should

cause." [T.] be read, "eleven or twelve Chapters and

- In a marginal note to the Plninc Psalinis besides the Commandments,"

Dcnlin j (p. 20; 3 M. II. S. iii. 70) Ltvh- etc. [T.]
ford is made to say, "Whereas in Eng-



LECIIFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK. 27 f

Fridays and other holydays ; but hero, Scripture twice a
Sunday, in any Church, and upon any other day none at all,
in whatsoever assembly or upon whatsoever occasion ; but
preaching and long [conceived?] prayers. Men may be
unmerciful! in their long prayers, to those that heare them.
Doctrinal discourses [delivered] in prayer arc not so fitting
or proper unto prayer : And for ceremonies, bowing at the
name of Jesus, and the like, there is no danger in them; but
alreadio to drive such things out tends more to Atheisme,
Arianisme, <tc., than they are aware of. I forget not to tell
some, that they have taken upon them opus infmitum et
impossibile, in their publiquc discipline toward offenders. By
what rule, I asked them, are the faults of men to bee so
publiqucly handled before all the world as to undo them ?
Is not a consistoric better and more agreeable to the Word of
God ? Is not some due pastorall [collation ?] between the
people and their own watchman (with reference to the Apos-
tolicall or Evangelicall [bishop?] in weighty matters,) a great
deale better and more consonant to Scripture? Besides, if
all men among them were admitted to the privileges of the
Church and Sacraments, in their way, then, 1 say, if offenses
must bee so handled, I see not but they must doc nothing else
almost ; it will be so infinite : and further, what power have
any ordinarie men (I mean those not of the ministrie) at all to
[decide ?] cither in admission or excommunication ? seeing
they have not power of b[ind]iug? But Apostles and Evan
gelists have [expressjly power of b[ind]ing; to them it was
therefore committed, consequentially, of admission and ex
communication. These and the like discourses we have, but
few know my full mind in some things of weight whereof
I do professc I was ignorant and misled in England. You
may wonder how I am now reformed : Truly, Sir, I was
forced for my ownc satisfaction to studic these things, and
the Lord giving lesser and great, hath also given a blessing,
1 hope, unto nice. The land certainely is of great consequence ;
besides the fishing trade furs and other commoditycs, there
are surely rich Mines (as I believe upon credible report, and
think c I can prove); which if his Majesty [never?] takes



278 LECIIFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.

notice of, wo hope his wisest counsels will bend to look at us,
a poor forlorn ignorant people. mercy, mercy, from all the
powers of mercy in heaven and on earth, to such as sin of
ignorance! 1 Long live England, and England s friends: let
them prosper that love her. If a man travel from East to
West, England is a good land : Ireland also. [Great, almost
incredible are the difficulties of new plantations]. 2 Here are
it s true some wise men : they want estates and maintenance,
and in this way they are never like to get them, I fear. The
Patent they thinkc bears them out to uphold their elcctorie 3
proceedings, though I heare it be declared voide and sent
for. 4 [It were good, 1 thinkc, if his Majesty were so.] 5
The God of Heaven guard his Majesty and his councils, and
continue to England and the united Kingdomes of our Sov-
ercigne, and all his dominions, every blessing there and peace.
If I come over as I hope to do, I shall discourse-to you more
at length. In the mcane while, I commend you and yours to
God ; not forgetting my best respects unto your beloved M?
Bacon and your neighbours, all whom I love and respect
heartily, M* Alexander Jett my s[chool] fellow, and your kins
woman his wife ; rests yours assuredly in all love, service and

thankfulnesse,

THOMAS LECH FORD.

John Cogan of Boston merchant makes a letter of Attorney
to James Love to receive of Richard Foxwell and Ambrose
Berry G what debts & summes of money they owe him 5.
28. 1040. [Is. p d in conic.]

1 In the margin Lech ford modestly 4 See Wintli., Jour., ii. 12. [T.]
wrote: "In the number of the igno- 6 These words erased. [T.]

rant, I hold myself c t and M* Burton, 6 This is part of John Cogan s busi-

MT Prynne and Doctor Bastock [I>ast- ness with the main coast. More may

wick], and a multitude more." [T.] be found in regard to Richard Foxwell,

2 These words were erased. [T.] I presume on this same matter, p. 196,
a A favorite word with Lechford. post. He was an old inhabitant of that

" Some electorio ways tend to the over- region, having been at Piscataqua aa

throw of Kingdomes," he tells us in early as 1630, and being, as I suppose,

Plainc Dealing (3 M, H. C. iii., 121); now settled at Scarborough, where he

and again, "That clectorie courses will went in 1636. Ambrose Berry was of

not long be sale here, either in Church Saco, but nothing is known of him.
or Commonwealth" (/./., p. 10 J). [T.j



LECHFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-HOOK. 279

[160] The account of THOMAS ROBINSON marriner concerning the
partnership betweene him and JOHN SwiNFORTH l ship Car
penter intestate deceased in one barJce called the Speedwell
5. 29. 1040.

Since they last made even they layd out in Winter

last 91 Os. Orf.

For an Anchor 2 5

For an other Anchor 1 3 G

For a boate 3

For a niaiue bonnet 110

For a barrell of tar re 115

For a pott & pitcli 12

For Carpenters wages ..110

To Thomas Stanton 112

To M! Richard Parker for a foresayle .... 1 3

To goodman Giiham for a barrell of tarre ... 1 10
For ropes & other smale things belonging to the

barke .100



Sum 27 G

Since they last made even they have earned w th
the barke 16

So the losse surmounts the gain 11 G

The losse being equally to be borne John S \vin-

forths parte to beare thereof is 5 10 3

He also owes otherwise unto Thomas Robinson 270

AV ch added to John Swinforths parte

of the losse is 7 19 3rf.

The said barke is sold for .... 401

Whereof John Swinforths parte is . 20

Out of w ch deducting the said . . 7 17 3

There remains in the hands of Tho
mas Robinson due to the estate of

John Swinforth 121 2s 9d.

[1-0]

1 James Swinforth, ship-carpenter, Town Record that on one occasion
like Thomas Robinson, manner, left no going so fur as to make a fire out on
record by which any of his history may his wharf to heat a "pitch-pott" and
be traced. Goodman Giiham (or Gillam), being detected at the same, he was
who sold the " tarre," was a ship-car- fined ten shillings, of which lie was
pentor, who had his shop in the fort made to pay five. But this was seven-
field on the town cove. That Goodman teen years after the "Speedwell" was
Gillarn, Benjamin by name, had " tarre " sold to Thomas Witherly to carry "Wil-
is sure enough ; for we may see by the liam Boreman away to Connecticut.



280 LECHFORD S MANUSCRIPT XOTE-BOOK.

All Account for Timothy Hawkins 1 Carpenter made 5. 29.
1G40. [1*.]

IJe it knowne unto all men by these presents that I John
Coltman 2 late of Newton Harcoate in the parish of Wcston
in the County of Leicester and now of Wetherfield upon the
River of Connccticot planter doe hereby make ordcyne con
stitute and in my place and stead put my Dearely beloved
Father Thomas Coltman of Newton Harcoate aforesaid Black
smith my true and lawful! Attorney for me and in my name
Lawfully to enter into and upon and to grant bargaiue and
sell for such reasonable summcs of money as lie shall thinke
meete unto any person or persons all such Lands Tenements
Free and Coppihold whatsoever and all goods <fc Chattells real!
and personal whatsoever [161] within the Kingdomc of Eng
land belonging unto me And in defalt of a purchaser or pur
chasers of the said Lands or tenements for me and in my
name into and upon the same lawfully to enter & make a
Lease or Leases unto any person or persons whatsoever for
any terme or tcrmcs not exceeding the tcrme of seven ycares
from the date of such Lease or Leases and under such reason
able yearely rent or rents Covenants or Conditions as to my
said Attorney shall scenic meetc and so as the same Lease
and Leases be made in immediate possession and not in
reversion And the said Tenant & Tenants lawfully to remove
<fc Displace and others to put in their roome from time to
time as cause shall require And for me and in my name to
aske demand receive and recover all the moneys accrewing
and belonging to me by reason of the premises. All rents
issues and profit ts thereof all Debts Dueties and demands due
unto me from any person or persons whatsoever And the said
moneys rents issues profitts Debts Duties to rcturnc unto
me as by my letters of advise I shall from time to time Direct

1 This account of Timothy Hawkins - Jolin Ooltimui, of Wothi rsfield, was

may have btrn out; which he presented later a schoolmaster ; but whether lie

to the General Court in regard to a got his learning on this side of the

housSwith which he had had something water, or studied by the light of his

to do (sec post, p. 171). He was a father s forge, is not known.
Watcrtown man, it seems.



LECH FORD S MANUSCRIPT XOTE-BOOK. 281

and appoint. And to that end and purpose. 1 for me it in my
name to. commence and prosecute w th effect or cause to be
commenced it prosecuted \v th effect any actions suits or writs
against any person or persons whatsoever about the premises
or any of them and to compound. <t agree upon receipts it
recoverys in that bchalfe for me ct in my name acquittances
or other sufficient Discharges or releases to make scale and
deliver And I also grant unto my said Attorney that he shall
or may by any deed or deeds covenant or covenants bynd me
my licirea executors and administrators to make acknowledge



Online LibraryThomas LechfordNote-book kept by Thomas Lechford, Esq., lawyer, in Boston, Massachusetts Bay, from June 27, 1638, to July 29, 1641 (Volume 7) → online text (page 29 of 47)