Thomas Lechford.

Note-book kept by Thomas Lechford, Esq., lawyer, in Boston, Massachusetts Bay, from June 27, 1638, to July 29, 1641 (Volume 7) online

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present my thoughts unto you ; all this, as I shall answer
before the Lord, without any by-respects. If you were here
I presume you would see more than I can, but I think you
would be much of my mind. I hear that you [required ?]
that 201 I owed you of Mr. Hill. God s will be done.
I am not able to pay it yet, but shall be mindfull, God
willing to discharge it as soon as I can. I am thankfull
and desire to be yet more thankfull to you for the loan of
it. If you hear anything of me specially from Mr. Ilooke
or his wife, pray keep an car for me, for we have had some
[several words erased~\. I wish you knew how I am used:
For this time thus I take my leave heartily recommending
your worship and all yours to the guidance and [undecipherable^



LECHFORD S MAXCSCRJPT NOTE-BOOK. 313

of his heavenly majesty, resting yours in all service to l>o
commanded.

THOMAS LKCIIKOUD.

Thomas Starres of Windsor in Conncticot [I*-] ; Robert
Parker of Wctlicrsiicld in Connecticut [Ls.] ; Richard Payne
of the same [Is], certified that they are there inhabitants 1
4 Sept 1040.

TJic forme of a bill of lading

Shipped by the grace of God in good order and well con
diconed by L K. in and upon the ship called the M ct B <>f L
whereof is Master under God for this present voyage J. L>.
and now riding at anchor in the p of J and by Gods grace
bound for the p of 1>. in N E to say fowcr hogsheads of Conic
being marked and numbered as in the margcnt and are to be
delivered in the like good order and well condiconed at the
abovcsayd Port of 13. (the danger of the seas only exeeptcd)
and the said I K or to his assignes he or they paying fraight
for the said goods ct w th primage and average accustomed or
to his assignes the fraight being alreddy payd w th primage and
average accustomed. In witncs whereof the master or purser
of the said shippe hath affirmed to three bills of lading all of
this Tenor & Date the one of \v ch three bills being accomplished
the other two to stand voyd. And so God send the good ship
to her desired port in safety Amen dated in L the 5* day of
September Anno Dili 1640. outwardly well condiconed the
contents I know not p : me 1. 13. [L K.]

CIIARLESTOWNI-; IN NEW ENGLAND 8 Sept 10-10.

SR Upon eight dayes after sight of this my first bill of
Exchange my second third not being payd 1 pray you be
pleased to pay unto John Chickley 2 of Boston in New Eng
land aforesaid or his assiimcs the summe of one hundred and

O

1 If Savage had seen tins entry, I 2 John Chickley is one of those of
think he would have added three more whom nothing can be found at present,
names to his Genealogical Dictionary. For William Bernard, see p. 138, ante.



314 LECIIFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.

twenty pounds starling w ch is for so much lieere received by
me of him I beseech you make good payement and place it to
account as p. advice.

Yo r loving kinsman

WM BERNARD.

To my very loving Cosin M^ THOMAS FREE merch* at his warehouse at
the George in Lumbard streate London.

Thomas Hawkins of Boston in New England baker bound
to John Pollard ] of Boston in lf>i to be payd 29 Sept 1640.
for w ch payment he is bound in 301 to be payd at John Buttons
house. 30 Julii 1G40. mei. [Gd.]

lice to make red wax llosscu & bees wax 2* oyle 4 ounces
turpentine 4 ounces vcrmillion 8 ounces, for winter temper
the same quantity of wax and rossen w th 4 ounces of turpentine
and ll of oyle. MT Sherman. 2

[176] I am summoned to appear in Court tomorrow, being
the 1 st of 10 th 1G40. The Lord God direct me.

Will m Wellington 3 of Portsmouth planter assignes his
servant Richard llaynes unto John Budd of Quinapeage

1 The Note-look mentions John Pol- tain Keayne in the matter of the

lard briefly after this in several places, stray sow, of which some mention is

but in each place in some business con- made in the latter part of the Nut.c-

nection. He may be barely mentioned louk (post, p. 234).

by Savage, or it may be another of the 8 William Withington was (ante, p.

same name who is there noted, Ho 119) of Newport. At this time the

would seem to have been a small busi- two towns of Portsmouth and Newport

ness man who attended so carefully to were embraced in one body politic,

his own concerns as to escape the big Portsmouth had been settled first by

books of the Town Clerk or the Secretary William Ilntchinson, Aspinwall Cod-

of the Colony. John Mutton had throe dington, John Clarke, and others ; but

houses on the road leading west from certain dissensions occurring, Codding-

Bendall s Dock, now called Elm Street ton and others were cast out of the body,

(according to Lamb s map ; 0, 21, Hook and Ilutchinson was chosen judge in

of Posacaniuiifi). the place of Codding ton. The latter

2 This Mr. Sherman I imagine, upon with -his adherents removed to the spot

some slight evidence, to be the husband which is now the city of Newport, and

of the woman who gained notoriety formed a separate body. In a little

by her persistent opposition to Cap- more than a year, however, the inhabi-



LECUF01WS MANUSCRIPT XUTE-BUOK.



115



planter 1 from 24 Mali ult 1 for 5 ycarcs 10 7 br 1040. for 201 i n
cattcll or worke. [10t?.]

A bill to pay the 201 viz 1 in ciittell 1 2 to M? [Wank] Oood-
ycr 2 of Quinapeagc within a fortnight or 5 dayes after sight,
and 81 in cattell in December 1040. [1s. 0(7.]

BOSTON IN NK\V ENGLAND 10. 7. 1G10.

Upon 5 dayes after sight of this my first bill of exchange
my second & third not being payd 1 pray you pay unto i\K
(Jooddicr 8 who came over this yeare in tlie ship St. John of
London or his assigncs the value of twelve pounds in cattcll
w ch is for so much licere received of Will 1 " Withington of
Rode Island 4 Carpenter 1 pray make good payment and place
it to account as by advice. [MT Will James of Quinapeagc.]

Billa Salubritatis bona navis vocat Prospera 5 de Dart
mouth oneris 100 dolior vel circitcr Ejus nancterus sive



tants of Portsmouth were, at their own
request, united to the people of Newport,
ami Coddington was chosen Governor,
with Ilutchiiison as one of the assistants.

1 John ludd was long after this
(1664 and later) a prominent man in
New Haven, lie held the office of lieu
tenant, and also of representative.

2 Mr. Stephen Goodyear was a Lon
don merchant who lived in New Haven
from 1638 to 1656. He was assistant
during his earlier residence, and Deputy
Governor during his later stay. His
wife went home some time before him,
and was wrecked on the way to London
in a vessel of Mr. George Lamberton s,
which was lost with all on board. Mr.
Goodyear consoled himself by marriage
with Mrs. Lambcrton, with whom he
went back to London. One of his
daughters became the wife of Samuel
Wakeman, of whom mention was made
just above.

3 Although Savage puts 1633 as the
date of Stephen Good year s magistracy



at New Haven, I must think that this
is the same man. Andrew, the son of
Stephen, was not born until 1640. It may
be that John Goodyear, the brother (?)
of Stephen is referred to in both cases.
Of this latter little is known save his
residence at New Haven.

4 Palfrey says that the name of
Rhode Island was given to the island
of llhode Island in 1614. This mention
is nearly three years before that time.

5 I do not find any mention at all of
the " Prospera " of Dartmouth. Even
in the Wiuthrnp Papers, where tlie
name of the ship bringing the letter is
often indorsed on the back of it, there
is no trace of the " Prospera." It is
probable enough that the "Prospera"
seldom came to Boston, her chief busi
ness naturally bring at Piseataqua,
where the. three Treworthys were in
business. Owen Williams is on the
freeman s list at Newport in 1.6.">5. He
afterwards moved to Norwich, Conn.,
and there died in 16S2.



316



LECHFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.



magister Nicholaus Treworthy huius ad numcro 21. 15
Sept 1040. [Is. Gil]

A payrc of Indentures bctwccnc Timothy Hawkins and
Henry Smitli & Edward [Mcwifc] his house lands & conic to
them & their hcircs 3. 7. 1640. [2s. Gd.]

Owen Williams sonnc of Markc Williams of St. Johns parish
in the County of Cardiffe placeth himself c Apprentice to
Will m Withington of Portsmouth in New England Carpenter
from 16 September 1640 for six yeares 5* at the ende & double
apparell. [2s. Oti]

Will 171 Withington and John Lowe 1 wheclcwright bound to
Philip Gibb 2 nauter in 7 1 to be payd 16 October next in
Boston.



Harman Garrctt 3 of Charlestowne in New England Gun
smith covenants w tu John Edwards of the same blacksmith



1 John Lowe was of Boston, and, as
is here said, a wheelwright by his trade.
His shop was along by the water-side
north of the Town Dock, and near the
sawpits in Richard Bellingham s marsh,
of which mention has been made. Good
man Lowe lie is called in the Town
Accords, where he is seldom mentioned,
though references to his house occur
more than once.

2 There is more to be found in Lech-
ford s Note-look about Philip Gibb than
in all other New England authorities
put together, where he is conspicuous
only by his almost absolute absence.
As we shall find later, he was the agent
of James Gammon and Thomas Har-
wood, merchants of Barnstaple, in the
County of Devon, neither of whom, I
am very sure, ever came to New Eng
land, although the name Thomas liar-
wood occurs in Savage. There are in
the Note-book notices of business trans
actions between Gibb (sometimes acting



for Hanvood and Gammon, and some
times with no reference to them), and
Richard Parker and John Cogan, and I
have no doubt that he had to do with
other Boston merchants. That his name
does not occur in Savage is not remark
able, for ho probably never went to
church, married, had Children, died,
committed a crime, or held an office in
New England, the principal methods
by which many of his time made them
selves known to posterity and to Mr.
Savage. The only mention of him
I can recall is in the Colonial Record
(vol. i. p. o31), where he is called " Mr.
Philip Gibs," or "Mr. Gibs," which
seems as if he were a person of some
consideration.

8 Harman Garrett (or Herman, as it
is generally spelled) was a blacksmith
as well as gunsmith at Charlestown,
where he lived from 1638 to 1652, when
he moved to Boston. It is not impos
sible that John Edwards may have



LECIJFORD S MAXlSSCnil T NOTE-BOOK. 317

to instruct him in the art of a, gunsmith according to the host
of his skill within the space of one yeare next ensuing & that
the said John shall have tin; one halfc of the prod Its of his
owne worke in that art during the said tcnne tv for this he is
to pay the said Ilarman live pounds <t ten shillings within 3
moneths next ensuing the date hereof dated IT. 7. 1040. And
after the said terme the said John is not to sett up the said
trade in Charlcstownc aforesaid unlessc that he buy the house
of the said Ilarman for such reasonable price as shall be
agreed on by 4 men indifferently to be chosen betweene them
and then the said Ilarman is to departe from the said to\vne.
[1-0.]

Knowe all men by these presents that I Henry Gray of
Boston in New England tayler doe hereby give grant enfc-
offe and confirme unto Thomas Lechford gent all that my
Dwelling house & garden thereunto belonging lying & being in
Boston aforesaid contcyning in breadth towards the strcat syde
\_blank^ foot or thereabouts and at the farther end of the said
garden [Mmfc] foot or thcrabouts w th the appurtenances To have
and to hold the said house and garden and all ct singularc the
premises w lh the appurtenances unto the said Thomas Lech-
ford his heircs and assignes for ever And furthermore 1 the
said Henry doc hereby grant for me & my heires that we will
warrant to the aforesaid Thomas and his heircs the aforesaid
tenements w th the appurtenances against me the said Henry
and Lydia my wife and my heires and all manner of person
and persons lawfully clayming from by and under me or them
or any of them for ever In witnesse &c. 18. 7. 1040.

[177] Mf Will Hutchinson of Portsmouth in Aquedncckc
of Rode Island gent and Edward Hutchinson his sonne &
heirc apparent sell unto Mr Will" 1 Tyng merchant one hun
dred and fifty acres of land 1 or therabouts being parte of the

moved to "Wethersfield, where there l I wish I could be sure that this

was one of that name who came from land was that of which an entry is made

the neighborhood of Watertown (see in the Town Record as being "att

pout, pp. 223, 225). Mount AVoolystone beyond Mr. Cod-



318 LECH FORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.

great Lott of the said Will Ilutchinson at Brayntree lying
next tlic lands of tlie said W m Tyng bctwccne the dead
swampc there and Mountwollaston brookc for 13 3 4 d an
acre lialfe to be payd in land & halfe at 12 moncths end.
18. 7. 1G40.

Margaret Stubbin wife of John Stubbin of Watertownc in
New England aged thirty yeares sworne saitli upon her oath
that in or about the moncth of October last was twelve muncth
she bought & received of Moyscs Cox l now of Hampton in
New England at Ipswich in New England when he was going
to live first at Hampton aforesaid so much tryed suet as was
worth ten shillings or thcrabouts w ch she payd unto him and
that then at Ipswich aforesaid the said Moyses spent some
smalc quantity of fruit & cheese w ch he brought w th him in
this deponents presence the certaine value whereof she cannot
remember 19. 7. 1G40. [Is.]

Edward Bridges second sonnc of E B late of Raynham in
C Som st Esq r makes a lc r of Attorney & assignment to Will
Hudson of Boston Inkceper to rec & recover of & from
Richard Jackson 2 of Cambridge 41 21. 7. 1G40. [6U]

Natlianiell Patten 3 late of Crcwkernc in the County of
Som st yeoman makes a letter of Attorney to Henry Andrewes
of Taunton in New England planter to sue Will 1 " Holloway

dington s farme and Mr. Wilson s into 3 Nathaniel Patten, it would sccin,

the country adjoining to Dorchester had but just come over; for a week after

bounds." I think, however, that this this date he purchased a house and land

is the lot spoken of from later passages in Dorchester of one Eels, as may l>e read

in the J\\>tc-book (pp. 212, 214), and also in the Fourth Report of the Record Com-

a later passage in the Town .Records inissioners. His name occurs frequently

(pp. 7- { .>)- afterwards in various ways. He was

1 Moses Cox, of Hamilton, and Mar- selectman in 1657 and 1G58, and died

garet, the wife of John Stebhins, of in 1661, leaving no children, as Savage

Watertown, are both in Savage; but I supposes. Henry Andrewes was one of

find no mention of the tried suet. the first settlers of Taunton, and rep re -

3 Richard Jackson, of Cambridge, was sentative 1639-1644. William Hollo-

a man of note in the town for many way, of Taunton, was there for a few

years, being representative to the Gen- years only, and in 1652 moved to

eral Court. Doston.



LECIIFORD S MANL SCRII T NOTE-BOOK. 819

of Taimton aforesaid planter or mercer for 10* for one cowe
w ch was Will Bownes J sold unto him by M? Nicholas Strecte.
[0 g a acquaint.]

2 BOSTON August 8 1030.

Loving friend Mf Hobson I pray you pay unto Mr .Roger
Clay factor of Blackwell Hall or his assigncs within thirty
clayes after sight of this my first bill my second or third not
being payd the summe of one hundred pounds being for so
much received hccrc of My John Oogan and put it to account
as p advice I rest yo r loving ffriend Nathanacll Eaton. Lower
is written To the wor n his loving firicnd M* John Ilol)son mer
chant in Coleman strecte. dd.

On the seven and twentieth day of the moncth of February
Anno Bui according to the computation of the Church of
England one thousand six hundred nyne & thirty and in the
fifteenth ycare of the raignc of our Soveraigne Lorcle King
Charles <tc at the instance and request of Mr Roger Clay
factor of Blackwcll I Tall London I Josua Mainctt Notary and
Tabellion publicke dwell ing in this City of London by the
Authority of the said Kings Ma tlc admitted ami sworue re
quired Mf John- Hobson merchant dwelling in Coleman strecte
in London for to pay the summe of one hundred pounds men
tioned in a certainc originall bill of exchange unto him shcwen
and whereof the Coppy hcrebefore is written word for worde
seeing he acknowledged to have scene the same bill of ex
change above thirty clayes agone whereupon the said John
Hobson answered that for want of provision from the drawer
he would not pay the said bill of exchange, w ch answere I

1 William Downes can hardly ho 2 Why this hill of exchange, with the

identified hy the fact that he once protest thereof, was not inserted above,

bought a cow from Mr. Nicholas Stroete. p. 147, where it belongs, is not clear.

The last-named was at this time the It is perfectly possible that Lech ford

minister at Tannton, and we may hope did not then have it in his possession,

that he was paid for the cow, which Eaton was about this time in Virginia,

might easily have been his whole quar- where our friend Governor Winthrop

ter s salary. He was afterwards minister says he was given up " to extreme pride

in New Haven in place of Hooke, who and sensuality, being usually drunken,

had been his colleague in Taunton. as the custom is there."



320 LECHFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.

the said Notary having heard have in the name and at instance
as aforesaid protested even as 1 doe protest by these presents
for want of payment of the said bill of exchange and recharge
and for all costs dammages and interests by reason [178]
thereof already snstcyned and suffered and yet to be suffered
and sustevned as well against Nathaniel! Eaton drawer or sub
scriber of the said bill of exchange as against all others in the
said exc? in any wise bound for to recover all the same of
them or of their goods in time & place as of right shall apper-
teyne to me Thus done & protested in this City of London
in the presence of John Daniell and George Kellam witnesses
hereunto called and required. Quod attestes rogatus et
requisitus.

1G39. JOSUA MAINETT Note pub cus

JOHN GREENLAND 1 carpenter petlcons thb Court

That yo r pcticoner hath bin an inhabitant in Charlestowne
by the space of two yeares last past and all that while
sojourned in other mens houses because he had none of his
owne at length he spake to some of the Townesmen to entreate
them to be a meanes to the rest that he might have a house
lott given him whereon he might build an house but he received
answerc that the Townc had no house lott to give & therefore
the said townesmen wished him to buy one AVhereupon yo r
pcticoner hath bought of Samuel Richardson of Charlestowne
five acres of land within Charlestowne bounds on Misticke
syde nearc to Thomas Moulton & the widdow Wilkins and hath
begun & halfc built his house upon it as yo r peticoner con-
ceiveth it was lawfull for him to do seeing that he hath built
on five acres of ground Notwithstanding some of the said
Townc have given forth words to discourage yo r peticoner to
goe on to plant there w ch may tunic to his great hinderancc

1 "John Greenland is granted his pcti- account of the way iu which John

tion, which is to plant upon a five-aero Greenland acquired this lot; but there

lot in Charles Town hounds on Misticke is mention of his exchanging a lot (this

sidu" (J/tt.tt. Col. lice., i. 309, under one, as I suppose) of live acres "at Mol-

date Oct. 7, 1640). tons Island" with Thomas Moulton

In Wvman s Chtirlcstown 1 find no against ten acres of land in Maiden.



LECIIFORD-S MAyCSCJin T XOTE-BOOK.



321



if he should be now caused to remove. Yo r pcticoner humbly
prayeth this wor 11 Cort to be pleased in consideration of the
premises to continue yo r peticoncrs said planting on mistickc
syde in the place aforesaid. And yo r pcticoner shall pray for
this Cort, &c. [26.]

Joseph Hollway of Sandwich in New England millwright
aged about thirty five ycares sworne saith upon his oath that
about iiync moneths since he had ccrtainc commodities of the
wife of Thomas Richards of Weymouth that is to say kersey
at G" (1 p yard bayes at 4 s 2 d p yard and byuding lace at 7 (I
a yard when lie came to reckon for it she did aflirme that he
had of her three quarters of a yard of kersey more than he
had <fe sayd it was so much upon the booke <fc would have ben
payd for so much.

That in or about March last past he heard the wife of
Thomas Richards of Weymouth speaking of Henry Waltham
& Will Waltham say these words viz 4 The Walthams arc
cozeners <fc cheaters. l [Gti]



1 It is unfortunate that the private
character of Mr. Henry Waltham and of
Mrs. Richards is not a more important
matter of history, for the Nof.r.-bnok
throws considerable light upon it. The
careful reader of the two other passages
of the Note-book referring to them (pp.
195, 207, post] who may compare them
with the Colonial Record, i. 267, cannot
fail to be of the mind that although
Mrs. Richards was undoubtedly proju-
diced in her statements, the opinion
here expressed, in regard to Henry Wai-
tham at least, was in some measure
justifiable. The casual reader, who may
not care to consult the Record, will find
these extracts helpful in forming an
opinion:

4 June, 1639. " M! Waltham and MT



Richards wore fined 5 for want of
scales and weights in their mill and to
provide them by the next Court. MT
Waltham was fined 31 for taking too
much tole, in some above double what
was dew, whereof 20 s to be given the
witncs " (J/ m. Col, lice., i. 2(37).

30 January, 103<>. " William Wal-
tham, for being drunke aboard the ship
called the Hristowe Marchant. w ch lie
confessed, was fined twenty shillings, it
being the first time he was known to be
drunke, & so was seriously admonished,
& dismissed" (Ibid., i. 285).

Thomas Richards had come to New
England in 10:50, and settled at Dor-
chester, but by this time was removed
to Weymouth. William Waltham died
very shortly after this.



21



322 LKCHFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.

[179] To the right wor 11 the Governor Council <f Assistants
and the rest of the generall Court now assembled (8) 7. 1G40.

The humble pet icon of ZACIIEUS GOULD l of Lijnne husband
man in behalf e of himself e and all other husbandmen of the
Country

Showcth that whereas husbandry and tillage much con-
ccrne the good of this Commonwealth and yo r peticoncrs
have undertaken the managing & tillage of divers ffarmcs in
the Country & sowing of English corne their servants are
oftentimes drawnc from their workc to traync in seed time
hay tyme & harvest to the great discouragement & dam-
mage of yo r petironcrs and yo r peticoner the said Zachcus
Gould for himself saith that for one days trayning this yeare
he was much damnnfyed in his hay. And fforasmuch as fish
ermen upon just grounds arc exempted from trayning because
their trade is also for the Common wealth, Yo r peticoncrs
humbly pray that this Court will be pleased to take the
premises into their grave Consideration and thereupon to give
order for the incouragcment of yo r peticoncrs who are hus
bandmen imployed about English graine that they & their
servants may be exempted from ordinary traynings in seed
tymc hay tyme & harvest And yo r petit-oners shall as their
duty bynds them pray &c.

Edward TTowell 2 late of Marsh Gibbon in the County of
Buckingham arid now of Lynnc in New England gent makes
a Letter of Attorney unto Roger Stevens of Wotton Under
wood in Com Buck husbandman German Major Citizen &
mercer of London and John Reese of Marsh Gibbon aforesaid
gent to surrender all his Coppihold lands & tenements in
Wotton Underwood aforesaid to the use of Richard Grenville
of Wotton Under wood aforesaid Esq r . [5.]

1 Zaccheus Gould has been mentioned - Edwnrd Howell, of Lynn, had five

before (p. 147, anti ). He was, as is here hundred acres of land granted him in

said, of Lynn ; but little more is known that place, but soon removed to South-

of him. Later in the Xute-bouk is more ampton, L. I., where he was a magistrate,

mention of him on different matters. and where his son lived after him.



LECIIFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTK-IIOOK. 323

I Thomas Dudley Esq r Governor of the Jurisdiction of the
Mattachusctts I3ay in New England hereby certify unto all
inanncr of persons to whomsoever these presents shall come
that Henry Russell ! late of \Yevmouth in New England
sonne of Thomas Russell late of Chalfont St Gyles in the



Online LibraryThomas LechfordNote-book kept by Thomas Lechford, Esq., lawyer, in Boston, Massachusetts Bay, from June 27, 1638, to July 29, 1641 (Volume 7) → online text (page 33 of 47)