Thomas Lechford.

Note-book kept by Thomas Lechford, Esq., lawyer, in Boston, Massachusetts Bay, from June 27, 1638, to July 29, 1641 (Volume 7) online

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of Ilingham in an accon of the case. She saith that her hus
band being heretofore indebted in 19 s unto the sold Samuell
for eloath her husband told her that the said Samucll requested
him to sellc him a peecc of his medowc which her husband
could not well spare & she now much wantcth and she con-
fcsseth her husband told her he did sell the said Samucll
some mcdowe but what or how much she knoweth not & that
about 20 s more besides the said 10 3 was payd by the said
Samuel for the same being in all but 30 s whcras the meddowe
that the said Samucll claymcth by the said sale is & was much
more worth at the time of the said sale than the said 30 s that
is to say foure pounds or thereabouts as the said plaintiffe hath
heard & verily belicveth & hopeth she shall be able to prove
And further the said Anne Norton complayneth that the said
Samuel! hath falsely said before divers witnesses that she did
remove a land mark 2 & place another stake in another place in
the said ground which is to her great discredit. And she fur
ther complaiiieth that since her said husbands death she mowed
her owne ground as she conceived w th out any question by the
said Samucll made but the last yearc he claymed partc of that
she mowed Therefore the said plaintiffe saith she is damnifved
by the said slanderous words forty shillings and further craveth
of this honoured Court that according unto equity cither she
may be satisfied for the full value of the said meddowe or that

Mill Field, and so was allowed an in- this ease, was not in keeping with his

habitant. The land is entered in the general reputation. He was repivsen-

Jiook of Possrssions as about half an tative in 1637 and in March, 1(538. He

acre, next to Merry s own house, near was made town clerk in ]646. Savage

Merry s Point. Thomas Marshall and thinks him to have been th> man who

Benjamin Gilham were, the one a ferry- gave his name to Ward s Island and

man, and the other a ship-carpenter, of the island itself to Harvard College.
whom we have already heard, as well as 2 "Cursed be he that removeth his

of John Button and Thomas Joy. neighbour s landmark " (Deuteronomy

1 Samuel Ward s alleged conduct in xxvii. 17).

28



434 LECIIFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.

she may be admitted to redeeme the same as being at the most
but in the nature of a mortgage but if the Court be pleased to
adjudge that the said Samucll shall hold his bargaine then
that the said Samucll may prove what the said bargaine was
where the metes & bounds therof doe lye.

[237] Richard Bellingham Esq r Governor of the Jurisdiction
or Societie of the Mattachusetts Bay in New England unto
Lieutenant Symon Willard of Concorde Ensigne John Holman
of Dorchester & Sergeant Richard Callacott of the same and
all others their Associats whoinc these presents may concerne
greeting. By vertue of his Ma tie3 letters Patents under the
great Scale of England and according to an order of the Gcn-
erall Court held at Boston in New England on the second day
of the fourth moneth last past I, not only in my owne name
but in the name of the Deputy Governor & Assistants of the
said Societie of the said Generall Cort doe hereby license
authorize and appoint you or any one of you to trade in
furres <fc wampam with the Indians for all manner of com
modities except gunncs powder shott & weapons And further
I grant power unto you or any one of you for us and in our
names to prohibitt all other persons within this Jurisdic
tion to trade with any Indians for Wampam or Furres under
the penalty of forfeiting the same or the value of it to you
& yo r associats Also for us and in our names to demand &
receive all wampam due to his Ma tle or this Companic of the
Mattachusetts for any tribute due from Block Hand Long Hand
Pequats or any other Indians and to give particulare discharges
releases and acquittances for the same And further for us
and in our names to treate with the Pequatts or any of them to
become Tributaries unto our said Soveraigne Lord the King
seeing they posscssc their land againe which was conquered by
the English And also for us and in our names to demand all
Pequoats that were servants or slaves to the English that have
runnc away wherever they find them All which to doc and
accomplish I grant unto you sufficient power and authority as
aforesaid by these presents for which this Commission shall be
vo r sufficient warrant in force to remaine from the said last



LECHFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK, 435

Wensday in Easter termc last past unto the end <t terme of
three yearcs thenceforth fully to be coinpleat & ended accord
ing to the forme & effect of the said Order of the Gene rail
Cort In testimony wherof I have caused the publicke scale of
our Colony to be hereunto aflixed the [M/H] day of the [i-lank]
moncth Anno Dili 1041 And the seventeenth yeare of the
Raignc of our Soveraignc Lord Charles King of England etc. 1

M r ! 3 Blackborncs letter of Attorney to M! Tho : Fowle dated
25. 5. to be testified & acknowledged under his hand. 29. 5. 41.

Mr Collins I have no leisure to dispute nor any great abili
ties thereunto but for my love and obligement to you and yours
I shall make bold to advise you according to the best under
standing I have both in matters of God and the King touching
which tilings you are now unhappily \_indedi>hemUi\ I myself
have had opinion that Apostles, Prophets and Evangelists
ought to [continue] as well as pastors or teachers until the
coming of Christ. Wherein if I have prophesied and still
must my [desire is to be] informed by the learned in England,
to which purpose partly I am goeing thither. You would
wonder how many things may be said for it out of Gods word.
Much also riiay be said against it. It is a great controversy.
The Parliament and divines in England and elsewhere seem
to be divided upon it. [238] But you have [reasoned] upon this
[rock] to deny all Churches because you cannot see the [con
tinuance, or consequence ?] of either of these two as I conceive.
You seem not to be w r ell [versed] in government things. You
come but newly to [consider]. My advice is suspend a while
your judgment, confess your [ignorance] retract all [peremp
tory] speeches and so return unto your brethren in this
[Church?]. Mark this I pray you, you must not unchurch
churches for small nay great defects, nor unbrothcr brethren
neither for some slips. [Again] you seem to deny Christian
[Ministration] a most dangerous thing, yea so dangerous as
that I think you little think or know of the danger thereof.

1 This monopoly was granted by the General Court June 2, 1G41, for three
years.



436 LECHFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.

All the [scriptures] that I hear you urge for yourself on this
point are most grievously mistaken by you [and perhaps de
ceive others] for the most part. I say the main [scriptures]
used by any [antagonist] against civil government are to be
understood as far as I can judge of [times and things] future
in the great day of the [indecipherable] and not literally. Also
secondly what some doe blindly deny, but I say I dispute not
but advise, and that is that you readily submit yourself to our
sovereign Lord the King s Majesty and all his lawful Sub
stitutes whatsoever whomsoever and wheresoever, and herein
also confess your [ignorance]. He that nath no need of law
and none of God no need of repentance let him say he hath
no need of ministry.

Lastly for your [refuge ?] if you should fear any hard use
upon your person [by corporal punishment] stand upon your
ministry received in England be in possession of the [hands?]
of the (ministry 1 ) [presbyterie ?] there and then by the great
Charter of England and other good laws and customs of our
English nation you are freed of such punishment, for no [man]
will degrade you here. And 1 hope [and am assured] the
magistrates will be so wise as not to touch you in that way.
If you have not your [orders] to show yet allege [that you] can
prove it to be so that you are a Minister [ordained] in England.
Do not fail herein nor think this [frivolous]. I shall pray
for you and do the best I can to sweeten some of the Chief
towards you before I go, God willing.

Yours while [indecipherable]

THOMAS LECHFORD.

And for you, Francis Hutchinson I am very sorry for your
sins and calamity. For Gods sake be wise and yet return to
your [wo off]. Consider the things I say to your brother
[what is written concerneth yourself mightily]. For your
[fabulous] letters and speeches, lay it on your zeal or ignor
ance and misinformation. Crave the pity of the ministers.
First get them to intercede for you to the magistrates. Use
all speed and diligence herein, and as I have not been uumind-

1 Cancelled in the original.



LECHFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK. 437

ful of you so will I not forget you [again] to the chicfest I
can meet with conveniently before I go. Take this in good
part and if you [doe refuse] say [hereafter] you once had such
advice. So I yet pray for your return and expediting out of
this evil net wherein you are taken. (Thomas Lechford.
There must he some yielding in this and other things else you
and all will break. 1 )

THOMAS LECHFORD.

Written in the margin at iwo several places.

Touching the eternal sonship of Christ 1 hope you are so
wise as to receive these good and satisfactory reasons out of
[scripture] produced to you by those more learned than me
and not to [withstand] any longer in denial thereof but
profess your faith therein.

And if they stand upon proof let them be interested to give
you time so to doe [bear it humbly strictly etc.].

Ralfe Allestree 2 of Boston in New England planter puts his
Sonne Paul Allestree Apprentice unto Valentine Hill of Boston
aforesaid merchant with him to dwell & serve by the space
of 8 yeares from the first day of Aprill next ensuing the date
hereof to be accomplish! <fe in the meane while to rcmaine in
his house as a servant till the said first of Aprill for meatc
drinkc & cloathcs and at the end of the terme double apparell.
dated 5. 29. 1641.

I am to pay M? Josuah Footc 3 at the Cockc in Grace
church streete eight pounds before Christinas next for which
Mf David Oflley is bound with me to Mr Josuah Ilewes of
Roxbury in New England or els to be there payd to him <fec
by note or bill dated 27 July 1641.

1 Cancelled in the original. ness with New Englanders. He came to

2 I can find no mention in Savage this country in 1653, but died shortly
or in the Boston Touni Record of any afterwards. Joshua Howes, a prominent
Ralfe or Paul Allestree or of any others Koxbury man, of whom \ve have heard
of that name. before, was administrator to his will,

8 Joshua Foot, an ironmonger of Lon- and therefore I doubt not that they had
don, was in many ways connected by busi- frequent dealings with each other.



438 LECH FORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.

[239] Post Mich : 17. Car. 1641.

Layd out for Barnaby Davis for the carriage of a letter to
Mf Liggon l to the porter & carrier dec. 2. [0 6]

Layd out for Will m Swift 2 for a search in the Affid* office
for the affidavit w ch My Burton produced at New England as at
the suit of Andrew Coleman but could not finde the same
entered. [0 4d.]

1 This letter of Barnaby Davis is, I same letter is printed.] This entry and
suppose, the one in the Note-book, p. 210, the preceding one were of course made
ante. after Lechford found himself back again

2 For this matter see p. 174, ante, in England. Michaelmas falls on the
[And Mass. Col. Rec. y i. 298, where the 29th of September.



APPENDIX.



[Translation of certain short-hand entries not inserted in their proper places.]



Page 150.

Money received upon my book as appeareth 381 8 s 5 d or there
about beside the debts owing were 81 18 s 10 d cost 2-5 1640.

Page 153.

April 21, 1640. It is resolved and concluded by the House of
Commons that the [select] committees shall confer with the Upper
House these three [generals].

[First] General. Of matters of [perversion ?] of religion and to this
end they are (first) to consider of the [present confirmation] granted
to the convention touching making and altering of canons and other
matters in the Church.

(secondly) the complaints and [indecipherable] brought in by the
Bishops and the Clergy.

(third) the molesting and sentencing of many worthy and conformable
ministers because they will not obey the Bishops variable commands,
(fourth) The publishing of Popish books and printing of Popish
books and maintaining of Popish [doctrines] in eminent disputations.

[Second] General. The [several words indecipherable] and grievances
[first] patents monopolies and ship monies,
(second) the enlargements of forests beyond bounds,
(third) Military charges in billeting soldiers,
(fourth) Denying of justice in Courts of Justice in Westminster,
(fifth) The frequent punishing and imprisonment of such as would
not condescend to unlawful taxes and monopolies.

[Third] General The breach of the peace of Parliament and the
necessity of frequent Parliaments.

News (First) The Countess of Westmoreland is dead.



440 APPENDIX.

(Secondly) [Dr. Baker?] is questioned for a [sermon? the words]
being these, that between subject and subject it is meum and tuum,
but between the King and his subjects it is omne meum and other
words against the Parliament.

Page 160.

Ignorant people. In the number of the ignorant I hold myself
and Mr. Burton Mr. Prynne and Dr. [Bastwick] and a [multi
tude] more. O mercy mercy from all the powers of mercy in heaven
and on earth to such as [sin] of ignorance : long live England and
English friends. Let them remember that wherever yet a man
travel from East to West England is a good land. Ireland also
(great almost incomprehensible are the wonders of new plantations 1 )
Here are, it is true, some wise men but they want estates and main
tenance and this way they are never like to get them I fear. The
Patent they think bears them out to uphold these [electory] proceed
ings although I hear it be declared void and sent for.

The God of Heaven guide his Majesty and his counsels and give to
England and the United Kingdoms of our sovereign and all his
dominions everlasting truth and peace.

If I come [home] as I hope to doe I shall discourse to you more at
large. In the meanwhile I commend you and yours to God not for
getting my best respects unto your beloved mistress [B-k-m] and
your neighbors all whom I love and right heartily Mr. Alexander
Jett my [summer schoolfellow] and your kinswoman his wife. Rests
yours assuredly in all love service and thankfulness.

THOMAS LECIIFORD.

Page 193.

I am summoned to appear in Court to-morrow being the 1. of 10.
1640. The Lord God direct me &c.

May it please your Worship Mr. Governor and the rest of your
worships. The occasion of coming here this term before your
worships is [about] a certain warrant sent forth against mee which is
this to the [effect] of an information by the grand jury in Sept. last.
Since that time the General Court was pleased to say something to
nice when they brake up as for good counsel to me about tenets and
disputations which I have held, advising mee to bear myself in silence
and as became mee, I know not how to take that at the present be
cause of a presentment that I know was [on foot] against mee. Yet

1 Cancelled in the original.



APPENDIX. 441

according to that advice I luivc been hitherto and shall God willing bo
ready to carry myself for hereafter, and for this matter and time
indeed I desire not to trouble your Worships with long speech to
divert or hinder your other occasions. I am no pleader by nature.
Oratory I have little, and if I had never so expert a faculty that way
I should not now use it to make any full defence of my matters ; [*yet
for that part of pleading according to the law of England which consists
in chirography 1 could,] and as for that other part of pleading which
consisted! in chirography wherein I had some little skill I do not de
sire neither to use any of that. Your Worships know that it concerns
every man in his answering matters laid to his charge, in pleading to
look first to the jurisdiction of the Court, next to the [person] then
to the right and so forth to the [plaint and action] of crime and then
to look to the challenging of the jury. To cut off all that I desire
your Worships to be pleased to accept of this my short acknowledge
ment that I have, I do confess, too far meddled in some matters of
church government and the like which I am not sufficient to under
stand or declare ; and although once I thought myself bound in con
science to say some of those things I have said, yet now I am ashamed
of many of them.

1 Cancelled in the original.



INDEX.



In finishing this Index, the Editor does the last and probably the most important part
of his work in the preparation of this book. Tho Index has been constructed with much
care, and it is hoped that it will prove useful. The references have been made to the
manuscript pages, except iu cases where, a name occurring only in the notes, it was thought
best to use the book-page with the letter ?i attached. Such references, then, as 1(K), n., refer
to the book-page. It is hoped that this arrangement may prove as convenient to readers
on examination as it has proved to the Editor in preparation.

Not a few errors in the work have been detected in the course of making and verifying
this Index. It would be Idle, however, to imagine that by the correction of these the Note
book is given to the world without blemish ; and for such errors as may remain to aunoy the
reader the Editor presents herewith his most hearty regrets.



ABACODUSSET, Sagamore of Kennebec,
219.

Adams, Daniel, letter of attorney from
Thomas Purchas, 84.

Adams, Thomas, bills of exchange charged
on, 123, 124

Agawam, Sagamore, 223.

Alcoek, George, factorage for James Mar
shall, 148 ; bond from Richard Wright,
194; will of, 213.

Aldworth, Mr., the "White Angel" pur
chased of, 120.

Allen, liozoun, 172, 195.

Allen, George, petition for, 195.

Allen, Richard, 231.

Allen, Thomas, draws a bill of exchange
on Roger Delbridge, 119; suit of Philip
Gibb, 182; bond to Edward Michelson,
195 ; conveyance to John Eels, 227 ; arti
cles of agreement, 229, etc.; letter of
attorney, 232.

Allerton, Isaac, letter of attorney from
Peter Garland, 35 ; from Richard lies,
35; note on 01, n. ; defendant at suit of
Timothy Hatherly, 114; no visible es
tate, 120; deposition in regard to the
White Angel," 120; letter of attorney
from John Pickering, 151; from "one of
Plymouth," ib. ; mentioned, 197; warrant
against, 209; at New Amsterdam, 251), n.

Allestree, Paul, apprenticed to Valentine
Hill, 2:J8.>

Allestree, Ralph, apprentices his son Paul
to Valentine Hill, 238.

Allyn, Margaret, 55.

Allyn, Matthew, and Thomas Allyn, deed,
55; bond to Humphrey Hooke", 74; de
fendant at suit of John Cogan, 200 ;
summoned at suit of Harwood and Gam
mon, 22G.



Allyn, Thormis, and Matthew Allyn, deed,

55; desires a certificate of Governor Win.

throp, 120; procures a warrant against

Isaac Allerton, 209.
Ammidown, Roger, 101.
Anderson, David, 189.
Anderson, Robert and Nicholas, 207.
Andrewes, Henry, letter of attorney from

Nathaniel Patten, 177.
Andrewes, Richard, 94; and the "White

Angel," 120.
Andros, Edmund, and the Amlroscocrcrin

River, 123, n.
Angier, Edmund, 141.
Applegate, Thomas, 215.
Appleton. Isaac, letter of attorney from

Samuel Appleton, 99, 102.
Appleton, Samuel, letter of attorney to

Isaac Appleton, et n/., 99, 102.
Archbold, Mr., 211.
Armitage, Joseph, bond to John Pollard,

202; bond to Henry Symonds, ib. ; hires

a lighter of Robert " Thompson, 207 ;

leases his shallop to certain fishermen,

221.

Arnndel, William, bond, 151, 153.
Ashley, Thomas, aflidavit concerning

Thomas Rucke, 78; hires a shallop,

221.
Askew, John, at suit of Edward Winslow,

203.

Aswaw, deed to Lion Gardiner, 129.
Atkins, Chrisptoher, 24 ; letter of attorney

from David Otfley, 120.
Atkinson, Theodore , 10; bond from Robert

Mantell, 181.
Auger, Sampson et al., bond from Thomas

Fowle, 155.

A very, master of the " Hopewell," 180.
Avis alias Havye, 10, 11.



444



INDEX.



DAMP., Mr., 204, 211; (incorrectly printed

tittble in the text).
Bacheller, Joseph, defendant at suit of

JaiiH-s Brooke, 75; nt suit of Henry Para-

inor, 70; other concerns, 7(i. vt &tq. ; let
ter of attorney to Thomas Lech ford, 100;

mentioned, 103; vs. James Brooke, 115;

quoted as precedent, 218.
Bacon, Nathaniel, 87.
Baker, Ann, her goods, 107.
Baker, Dr., appendix.
Baker, John, bond from David Sellecke,

133.

Baker, Mr., 4.
Baker, William, letter of attorney from John

Bent, 107; mentioned, 181.
Ball, Mr., answer to, 1; his book, 164.
Baiidon Bridge, 258, n.
Barker, Edward, letter of attorney from

Thomas May hew, 117.
Barker, John, 88; owes Thomas Watson, 122,

1*).
Barker,Thomas, 1, ., conveyance toThomas

Savage, 130; release to same, 145.
Barnardiston, Thomas, vs. Thomas \Vcston,

157.

Barnes, John, bond to John Parker, 181.
Barrel 1, George, and Thomas Pay liter; deed

and bond, 20.
Barrcll, William, 103.
Barrett, Stephen, assignment of, 65.
Harrington, Robert, letter of attorney to, 103.
Barriton, Katherine, receives a certain wine

license, 1 1(5.
Barrow. Giles, letter of attorney from

Abraham Harding. 168.
Bartoll, John, letter of attorney to Henry

Ha/zard. 235.
Bast IT, Mercy, 152.
Batitwiok, John, punishment of,-xi; held

ignorunt by Lechford, appendix.
Bateman, John, letter from Augustin Cle
ment, 4.

Bates, William, 21.
Batman, , places his daughter Margery,

etc., 51.

Batt, Anno, wife of Christopher, 116.
Batt. Christopher, gives up a wine license to

Katherine Barriton, 116.
Batte, Edward, 179.
Batter, Edmund, conveyance to George

Richardson. 48.
Baulston, William, 53, n.
Baven Notmhcha, John, Sagamore of Merri-

inack, 202.
Baylv, Kichard, assigned to Isaac Culli-

more, 99.
Beaplc, Mark, charter party with George

Story, 181.
Beard, John [Thomas], and his wife Anne,

5, (5.
Benuchamn. John, and the " White Angel,"

120.

Beckwith, Thomas, 179.
Beech. Thomas, indebted to Peter Garland,

35; letter from said Garland, 36.

Bellinglmin, Uichard, 58, 60; deed to

George Minot, 6i>; witness, 8 J, 122, 123 ;



Thomas Lechford receives of, 143; deed
toThomas Joy, 102; Dover commission
to Humfrey tt al., 228, 232; trading
license to Simon Willard tt al., 237.

Bcllinghum, William, and Mr. Humfrey;
writings, 1.

Belsiue, Edmund, 112.

Ik-mis, Joseph, bond to George Drucll,

Kendall, Edward, et al., deed, 43; and Rich
ard Parker, indenture, 45; his lighter,
139, 228, n. ; mortgage to William Tyng,
142; and the "Mary Rose," 167.

Bendight, Thomas, 203.

Ben net, Samuel, defendant at suit of Richard
Chadw.-ll, 220.

Bent, John, letter of attorney to William
Baker, 167.

Bernard, Richard, answer to, 1; books of,
2, n.

Bernard, William, will, 138; bill of ex
change on Thomas Free, 175.

Berrv, Ambrose, 159.

Best," Mr., of Halifax, 182.

Betscombe, Mary and Martha, daughters of
Richard, 165.*

Betscombe, Richard, letter of attorney to his
brothers, 165. - *

Bevan, William, bond to Thomas Dudley,
154.

Bibble, John, letter of attorney to wife
Sybil, 181.

Biggs, John, defendant at suit of John
Cogan, 199, 216.

Birain, Nicholas, 182.

Bisco, Nathaniel, 197.

Bishop, John, 72.

Bishop, Thomas, assignment from Osmond
Douch, 71; lease, 72, 73.

Bittgood, Mrs., 74.

Blackallow, William, letter of attorney from
John Cogan, 174.

Blackburne, Elizabeth, sells her house to
Francis Lisle, 215; letter of attorney to
Joseph Weld and John Johnson, 234;
to Thomas Fowle, ib., 237.

Blackburne, Walter, deed from Nicholas
Parker, 35 ; indenture with William
Cheney, 127, 136 ; bonds for Samuel
Hagborne and Martin Stt-bbins, 130;
Lechford borrows from, 144; bond for
Richard Wright, 148; mortgage from
John Johnson, 150; sale of his house,
215; letter of attorney from Elizabeth
Sutton, 234.

Blackleath, John, receives Mathew Dove as
servant, 149.

Blackstone, John, 115.

Blackstone, Sara, wife of John, 115.

Blackwell, Jeremy, bond for George Bur-
chum, 213.

Blackwell, John, 213.

Bladen, William, letter of attorney from
Edmund Hubbard, etc., 94.

Blagge, Henry, turned over to Thomas
Watson, 107, 109.

Bolingbroke, John, 95.

Bonito (or Bonython), Captain, 82, a



INDEX.



445



Boreman, William, bound apprentice to



Online LibraryThomas LechfordNote-book kept by Thomas Lechford, Esq., lawyer, in Boston, Massachusetts Bay, from June 27, 1638, to July 29, 1641 (Volume 7) → online text (page 44 of 47)