Thomas Lechford.

Note-book kept by Thomas Lechford, Esq., lawyer, in Boston, Massachusetts Bay, from June 27, 1638, to July 29, 1641 (Volume 7) online

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son of Henry and Elizabeth, born in ily record makes no mention of him."

1607, who did not accompany his pa- The.sc daughters of John Wolcott, of

rents to New England, hut was living Wutertown, probably returned to Kng-

in Wellington, Somersetshire, in 1(531 ? land to the care of their guardians,

In a notice of "Henry Wolcott and which, on the supposition of the iden-

his Children " in the Congregational tity of the father with the son of

Qa<(ii( //// for April, 1859 (vol. i. p. 149). Henry, would account for the disap-

the writer, l!ev. Samuel Wolcott, says pearanre of their names from the fam-

tliat the eldest son, John, "apparently ily record. (This is not noticed in

never emigrated to America. He had the recently published Wolcott Family

died without issue previous to the date Memoirs, 1881.) [T.]
of his father s will, in 1G55. The fain-



LEClll-ORirS MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK. 41

& Edward Woolcott of Axbridgc in Sonlsct mercer tliesc to
1)0 miidc gardians.

[25] Be it knowne unto all men by these presents that we
Elizabeth Woolcott and Mary Woolcott daughters of John
W^oolcott heretofore of (Jlaston in the County of Somerset
yeoman and late of Watertowne in New England planter
deceased and of Mary sometimes his wife also Deceased
being at this time respectively & severally under the age of
twenty and one ycarcs and here rcmayning beyond the seas
in the parts of New England doe hereby choose and intreate
our welbeloved Uncles Richard Yaylc of Glaston aforesaid
yeoman and Christofer Atkins of the same mercer to be our
gardians joyntly and severally for us and in our names to
take up occupy and enjoy all those our Coppihold Lauds and
Tenements lying in or nearc Glaston aforesaid in whatsoever
Mannor or Manners in the said County untill wee shall re
spectively bo of full ago or married and then to render us an
account of the issues and profitts of the same Lands & Tene
ments and also the possession thereof according to our
right and that in the mcanc while they our said Uncles
would for us and in our names doe or cause to bo done all
such suit and, .service to the Court or Courts of the Lord or
Lords of the premises and all other things as shall be requi
site according to the Law and customc or customes of the
Mannor or Mannors where the said Lands and Tenements
doe lye for the better obteyning holding and enjoying the
premises accordingly. In witucsse whereof we have hereunto
set our hands <fc scales the Twenty sixth day of November
Anno Dili 1638. Annocp R R a Caroli Anglic c. decimo
quarto. Coram nobis Joh Wiuthrop Gub r et T. L. [2s. 6ci]

A Bond drawen for M r5s Woolcott to M* [>W,-.] [Is.]

A writing for John Poolc l concerning the [death, erased^]
correction & examination of John England, 4. 10. 1688.



1 "John Poolo, for abusing his scr- Boston, Dec. 4, 1638 (Mass. Coll.
vant, was fined 5 " by the court at lice. i. 247). Mr. Poolc had before this



42 LECHFORD^S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.

[26] To all xxian [Christian] people to whome these
presents shall come Wee James Cade l late of Northam in the
County of Devon and now of Boston in New England ship
wright and Margaret his wife send greeting in our Lord God
everlasting Knowc yee that we the said James and Margaret
for and in divers considerations us thereunto moving Doe by
these presents grant a lien and cnfeorle unto George Stranire
gent All that one dwelling house lately erected and four-
tcenc acres of land lying in severall places in the parish of
Northam aforesaid now or late in the tenure or occupation
of Mary Busvyne widdow or her assignes and all rents ser
vices and revercons therof and all deeds and evidences only
concerning the same in whose custody soever they be To
have and to hold the said Dwelling house & land w th all
and singulare the appurtenances unto the said G. S. his
hcircs and assignes for ever To the only use and proper
behoofe of the said G. S. his hcires and assignes for ever
And Whereas I the said James Cade have interest and
right unto one rent charge or annuity of five pounds per
annu going or coining out of three mesuagcs and tene
ments and fowcr acres of land lying in Northam aforesaid
lately purchased by William Lee of the same Esq r of Chris-
tofer Cade ffather of me the said James or by the said
William Lee his heires or a555 to be payd unto me the said
James or my assignes after the death of Mary Hopper my



removed from Boston to Lynn. This in England. It offers an important

John England, his servant, is probably contribution to the Cade (Cady) gene-

the same who was at New Haven in alogy. James Cade, of Hinghum, 1685,

1645 and 1G47, and afterwards of Bran- "came, it is .said, from Wales, or the

ford, where he died in 1655 (New "West of England, which," as Mr. Sav-

ILn-cii Cut. liccords, i. 1(53, 294; ii. 186). ngu thought, "is very loose." This

[T.] draught shows him to have come from.

1 This conveyance was probably Xortharn, County Devon, where his

made, or designed to be made (for the father, Christopher Cade, had held

omission of the names of witnesses, laud, which he sold, charged with an

ami of the usual articles of agreement annuity to his wife Margaret, and died

creating the trust, make it doubtful if before the date of this instrument,

it was ever executed), in trust, to en- leaving sons, James and John, and

able Mr. Strange to sell and give eon- probably a daughter, Thomasine, wife

veyance of the premises to a purchaser of John Roe. [T.]



LECHFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK. 43

mothr for and during the lives of mo tho said James John
Cade my brother and Thomasin Roe wife of John line of
Abbotsliani in the said County Mariner and the longest liver
of us, I The said James doc hereby grant alien assigne and
convey unto the said [Wtm/,-] the said rent charge and all
the right title and interest of me the said James of in and to
the same and every parcell thereof To have and to hold the
said rent charge or annuity w th all and singularc [27] the
last mentioned premises wth the appurtcnccs whatsoever
unto the said G. S. and his assigncs during the tearmc
aforesaid And Whereas also wee the said James and Mar
garet hold for the life of the said Margaret one mcsuagc or
tenement wth the appurtenances lying in Uiddei ord in the
said County wee doc hereby grant and assigne unto the said
[&/M&] all our and each of our right title interest <fc pos
session of and in the said last mentioned mesuage or Tene
ment To have and to hold the said last mentioned premises
w th the appurtenances whatsoever unto the said G. S. & his
assigncs for and during the tearmc aforesaid. And Wee
the said James and Margaret doe for ourselves our hcircs
executors administrators and assigncs promise <fc grant to
the said G. S. his hcircs and assigncs by these presents that
wcc the saiil James and Margaret our heircs executors ad
ministrators and assigncs shall and will from time to tymc
and at all tymcs hereafter within twenty yeares next ensu
ing the date hereof at the reasonable request and at the
costs & charges in the law of the said G. S. his heircs and
assigncs make doc execute levy acknowledge and suffer or
cause to be made done executed levycd acknowledged and
suffered all and every such further and other reasonable act
and acts thing and things assurances and conveyances in
the Law whatsoever for the more sure conveying and sure
making of all and singulare the scverall premises and every
partc and parcell thereof unto the said G. S. his hcires
and assignes according to the true meaning of these pres
ents be it by fline or flincs rccovcrie or recoveries ffeoff-
mcnts grants bonds or other assurances whatsoever as by
the said G. S. his hcircs or assignes shall be reasonably



44 LECIIFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.

advised devised or required soc that for the doing suffering
or acknowledging thereof the said James and Margaret
their hcires executors administrators or assignes shall not
he compelled to travell out of the Jurisdiccon of the Massa
chusetts in New England And we the said James and Mar
garet [28] doe hy these presents nominate constitute &
appoint our wclhelovcd frcinds Walter Lawrence of Abbots-
haiu in the said County yeoman and Philip Gibh of Northam
aforesaid our true & sufficient Attorneys ioyntly and sever
ally for us and in our names to enter into and upon the sev-
crall premises hereby granted or any of them & possession
thcrof to take and afterwards full quiet & peaceable pos
session livery and seisin thcrof to deliver over unto the said
CT. S. according to the purporte and true meaning of these
presents Ratcfying and allowing whatsoever our said Attor
neys or either of them shall lawfully doc in the premises In
witnessc whereof Wee have hereunto set our hands & scales
the fourth day of Deccmbr Anno Dili 1638 And in the foure-
tecnth yeare of the raigne of our Soveraigne Lord Charles
by the grace of Cod King of England &. Coram.

To my loving Freind, Mr. Edmond Browne, 1 at Plymouth,

these d.

MR. BROWNE. I was somewhat grcivcd [when I was told
of ; crossed out] at a bitter scoffe you put upon me when you
were in the Bay last, about the Howe. I confessc 1 did not at
the present well heare what you said, or not apprehend your
meaning, but afterwards I understood it. I have not seen you
since. 1 use not to flatter or mock at those I respect, or others,
and I cannot but tell you it was a signe of little charitic <fe
respect in you towards me, w th a biting jest to add to the at flic-

1 This must be the Ilcv. Edmund show that they arrived in New Eng-

IJrown, first minister of Sudlmry, where laud hy the samo vessel, June 27, 1G38,

he was ordained in August, 1610. Mr. which Lechford notes as "the day of

Savage says that he "came over, his landing." In his first draught,

1GU7 ; " but Lechford s reference to a Lechford addressed him, with the famil-

discussion "on shipboard" (though iarity of old friendship, as Ned Browne,

subsequently crossed out) smiis to but subsequently crossed this out. [T.]



LECHFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK. 45

tion of the afflicted wlioine ratlicr you should have comforted :
so much for that. 1 tookc you for my ffreind and therefore did
freely open my mind to you from lime to time, ever since we
came acquainted. I. shewed you therefore my writings on the
Apocalyps and other scriptures, whereon you tookc notes and
promised you would write me somewhat in answerc, to rectify
me if .1 were mistaken in any thing, w ch yet you have not
done. It may be you have not had leasure [hut I shall ex
pect it, because by yo r contrary opinion some have been car
ry oil, I conceive, not only against me, but against the truth,
w th some prchtdice ; crossed out~\. I hope you will not deny
me that freimlly office of love, but give me yo r opinion as
soone as you can. Also, you knowe you and I differing about
the point of prophesying in the Churches, we agreed [on ship
board ; cmsscd out] to set downc our opinions therein under
our hands. I for my part did so, and delivered the sam<- to
Mr. Downing, 1 whome 1 intrcatcd to [29] communicate the
same to you, and so 1 belcivc he did; however [for feare of
failure ; crossed out ] out of respect to you <fc in performance
of inv word, 1 have sent you here a coppy of the propositions.
Now I desire that yon would also pcrformc yo 1 word and send
me your opinion in this thing, when you can finde loasuro and
opportunity, that I may be advised and rectifycd by you if L
mistake, or els that if you agree to me I may be confirmed in
the truth. I pray let us not be strangers one to another.
You may perceive I doe not forget you ; though you never
came to visit me, I visit, you by letter: but when you come
hither, if you please 1 shall be glad to see you, that we may
come to a better understanding of each other. I pray p r scnt
my service to Mr. Winslowe and to Mr. Chancey <J and his

1 Em ami el Downing, the brother- ford I am inclined to Ix-Hove that they

in -law of Governor \Vinthrop. Mr. were fellow-passengers from Kngland.

Savage supposed that he arrived with [T.]

Captain Peiree early in October, 1638. 2 Rev. Charles fhauncy, afterwards
lie and his wife were admitted mem- president of the college at Cambridge,
bers of the Salem Church, November 4 Avas at this time preaching at Ply-
following ( JFintJi., i. 330, note). But mouth as the colleague or assistant of
M uss. licrord^, i. 230, show that he was R,ev. John Ileyner (see irinfh., i. 330).
here at least as early as September 4 ; [T.]
and from this reference to him by Lech-



46



LECHFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.



wife. Soc I pray God to blesse you in all yo r good proceed
ings, and notw tb standing [all former offences and jeeres ;
crossed out~\ anything herein seeming to the contrary, I

remainc v _ ,,, .

I o r lire in u to doe you any

offices of love very ready,

T. L.

BOSTON, 10. 10. 1G;J8.

1 Virtute Ilaru Patent Sercnissimi Dili nFi Caroli Regis
Anglise etc. Ego Joh 09 Winthrop Ar Gubiiator Coloniai De
Massachusctt in Nova Anglia, Licentiam Dedi, et per p r scntes
potcstatcm concede Stephano Winthrop 2 mcrcatori et Will
Goose Rectori sivc Nauclero navicula) vocata3 le Sparrowe De
Boston oncris quinquaginta dolioru vcl circiter cum septcm
personis cisdein adjunctis ad Insulas vocat SiuTiers Hands



[ " By virtue of these Patents of our
Most Serene Lord Charles, King of Eng
land, etc., I, John Winthrop, Esquire,
Governor of the Colony of Massachusetts
in New England, have given License,
and by these presents I allow power, to
Stephen Winthrop, merchant, and Wil
liam Goose, commander or master of the
vessel called the Sparrowe, of Boston,
of fifty tons burden, or thereabouts, with
seven persons joined to them, to sail to
those Islands called the Summers Islands,
otherwise Bermudas, and there to do busi
ness with the inhabitants of that region.
And if it shall come to pass that on ac
count of adverse winds you shall not be
able to reach the said islands, then it
shall be allowable for you to travel to
other islands inhabited by subjects or
allies of our King, to the peaceful accom
plishment of your business. And I
therefore ask from all Governors and
other Kulcrs having any jurisdiction or
authority whatsoever in places of the
kind aforesaid, that the said vessel may
be received with men and goods into
your ports, and may be permitted, hav
ing finished their business, to go thence



quietly ; and so may your men expect
and find the same kindness from us if
occasion should offer. Provided always
that by virtue of this Commission it
shall not be allowed the said Stephen
and William or their men to inflict any
hurt or injury upon any one, or to do
business with any men in islands or
places prohibited to the commerce of our
King of England, except by urgent neces
sity, on account of provisions or safety.
In testimony of this thing I have caused
the public seal of the said Colony to be
allixed to these presents, to remain good
for six months, and no longer. Given
on the twentieth day of December, in
the year of our Lord 1638."

2 Stephen Winthrop, fourth son of
John Winthrop, but first by his third
wife, Margaret, born 1G19, and died in
England, 1G52, or thereabouts. He held
certain offices in New England, but in
1(545 or 1616 went back to take part in
the Civil War, where he acquired dis
tinction, both civil and military. Of
his partner, William Goose, nothing to
speak of is known.



LECIIFOUD S MAXUSCRirr NOTE-BOOK. 47

alias Bermuda navigaro ei il>i ronimcrf ia Inhere cinn incolis
illius loci. Et si contingat quod oh ventos adversos insuias
pra?dictas attingcrc non possitis, tune licobit vobis ad aliquas
alias insulas a Regis im subditis vel confoedcratis inhabitatas
applicarc ad nogotia vcstra pacificc peragcnda. Pcto itaqtic
ab omnibus Gubernatorib" ct aliis Jurisdiccbncm vel Authori-
tatcm quacunquc in huiusmodi locis habentib* 1 lit navicula
praxlca cum lio ibus ct bonis suis in portus vras recipiatur et
ncgotiis pcractis illinc quictc solvcrc pcrmittatur, ct sic can-
deni a nobis gratiani (occasione oblata) hoYes vestri semper
cxpectarc possint ct invcnicnt. Proviso semper quod favoro
buius Commissionis non liccbit pra>fat Hteplfo ct (ulielmo
vel lu/ibns suis dainnii vel gravamen aliquod alicui inferre,
nee ComnuTcia habcrc cum ullis bo ibus in insulis sivc locis
T* liege nrii Angliae morcaturii probibitis nisi urgcntc neces
sitate ob victa vel salutcm. In cuius rci tcstimoniu sigillu
publicfl Colonioj pracdictus prosscnti scripto apponi fcci f sex
menses ct non ultra in virttito mancro. Dat viccsimo Die
Dccembris Anno Dm 1G38.

[Letter from Thomas Lccliford to Ilugli Peters 1 ;]

WORTHY MB. PETERS. My service remembered to you, tbese
are to let you (as a friend in tbe Lord, upon whom my heart
much did and doth depend for counsel and ayde,) vndcrstand
some of my affaires ; wherein I presume upon [w^i/,-] 2 and
your wisdom and gracious disposition which I have ever
observed in you since I was your auditor and hung upon your
Ministry at the Graves or Sepulchres. 3 You may easily con
ceive how it is with me, touching my estate or livelihood,
being thrown out of my station in England, and [desirous to

1 Hugh Fetors, liorn 1599, came to from the short-hand copy in the Note-

New Kngland in the. " Abigail," as it is look (see Introduction to Plainc Dc.al-

thought, in 1635, was settled the fourth iny, pp. xiv and xvii).

minister of Salem, Dec. 21, 1636. He 2 Some word or words were here

went back to England, in the same omitted by the writer when making

ship with Lech ford, in 1641, and en- his short-hand copy. [T.]

g-iged vigorously in the Civil War. lie 3 St. Sepulchre s, in London, where

was executed at the return of Charles II., Hugh Peters was for some time a much-

Oct. 1C, 1660. This letter is deciphered approved preacher.



48 LECHFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK.

make a virtue of necessity?], in joyning to the people and
Churches of God here, 1 forsook preferment in a Prince s
court, that was offered to me, who of Christian Princes is the
chief for godlynesse (as I was assured) Gcorgius Ragotzki, 1
Prince of Transylvania and Lord of Lower Hungary, successor
to Bethlem Gabor ; likewise the Lords of Providence 2 offered
me place of preferment with them, which I will not name:
Hither I have come, and the Lord knows my heart, faine
would I joync with your Churches, hut first I desired to open
my mind in some matcriall things of weight concerning our
profession, even the Christian faith ; which I did. so God is my
witncsse,not lightly or hastily take up, but upon good grounds
and mature (as I hope) deliberation, long before I resolved to
betake myself into these parts of the world : therefore farrc
was it from mo, and shall ever be, to raise purposely any
stirro here; for I love quictncsso and ease too* well, and am
quickly discouraged. My strength is but small and my judge
ment young and slender in great affaires of State. I showed
you my books: you had not leisure to peruse them. I like
wise, long before, showed my inainc book to Air. Cotton. He
had not leisure to read it; and the first draught of that Of
Prophesie, it lay in his house at least five wcckes : After the
Court here ended, I delivered that Of Prophesie to Air.
Deputy [Thomas Dudley] 3 to advise thereof as a private

1 Gcorgollakoczy (orRagotzki), born the defeat of the Turks ut tho buttle

1591, was elected Prince of Transyl- of Sclmlonta in 1636, prosecuted the

vania (Siebenbiirgen) in 1G31, about war against Ferdinand II. and the

t\vo years after the death of Bethlen Roman Catholic party, until the rights

Gabor, whose daughter he had inar- of the Protestants were for a time

rie 1. lie was a zealous champion of the secured by the treaty of peace of Lintz

Protestants of Hungary and Bohemia, in 16-15. He died Oct. 14, 1648 (Zed-

who had suffered bitter persecution ler s Lexicon, art. " Kagoezy, George ; "

under the reign of Ferdinand II. and Moreri ; Encyc. Lrit., art. " Hungary ").

his successor (1637), Ferdinand III. [T.J

The Bohemians had elected as their 2 See Trumbull s note, Plainr. Dctcl-

prince Frederick of the Pl alx, son-in- in</, p. 17.

law of James I. of Kngland, with 3 See Dudley s harsh judgment of

whom Botlileu and his successor, book and man, in letter to Winthrop,

George Kakoe/cy, maintained a firm 2 Mass. Hist. Soc. Proc., pp. 311-312,

alliance. The latter, having estab- and also in another letter, 4 Mass. Hist.

lished himself in his principality by Soc. Coll., vii. 111.



LECHFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK. 49

friend, as a godly man and a member of tho Church, whether
it were fit to be published. The next news 1 had was, that at
first dash he accused me of heresy and wrote to M? Governor
[Winthrop] that my book was litter to be burned. Wot you
what that heresy was ? Why a thing 1 never intended, neither
did you see when you read it ; that I said the Apostles of
churches had not power of to command, and I thought
the Apostles of Christ claimed no other power than according
to the word and will of Christ ; therefore, (say he and some
other,) I implied the Apostles of Christ might erre : and
indeed my words might have been so strained. But the truth
is, Apostles ought to rcmainc in the Churches, likewise Evan
gelists and Prophets, as well as Pastors or Teachers, else we
must be beholden to the sins of men for the propagation of
the Cospell : we must stay at home till they persecute us
abroad, and then we may preach the Gospell. Not that I hold
myself (the Lord knows my heart and my insufficiency!) fit
for any of these great workes. Likewise, Prophcsie is as I
have said, as I verily believe; and also Tongues ought to be
learned and spoken, as 1 have proposed. 1 speake according
to my light, and dare do no otherwise. If hotly pursued me
Master Deputy, I impute it to his zealc against errors: I am
not angrie witli him for it : but when I saw seven shepherds
and eight principall men called out against me, as if 1 were
an Assyrian, 1 I thought there might be something in me to
bee reproved, and that it concerned mce to lookc about mcc.
I dealt plaiuely : I told that I held, and so doe from my heart,
the Apostles neither did nor could crrc, because infallibly in
spired by the Holy Ghost. Thereupon my book was referred
to the consideration of the Elders. Having intimated a word
of my other mainc taskc to M 1 ! Deputy, they all now press
me to produce that: 1 told them it was not ready for theire
view; 1 must fa ire write it, and alter some things; yet at
length, upon promise that I should have it againe (for if it be
no error, I will not part with it for 100.) I promised to let
them see it. I have accordingly left it to Mr. Deputy and the

1 The allusion is to Micah v. 5. [T.]
4



50 LECIIFORD S MANUSCRIPT NOTE-BOOK,

Governor (who also desired to see it). Now the reason I
open these things to you so, is this : First, that if you hearc
of some of these things, you may from me understand the
truth itselfe : Secondly, that I may not he judged upon [im
perfections ?] in my writings, hy your ayde and counscll to
the contrary : Thirdly, that the assembly of the Elders may
he full when you undertake to sifte the maine matters ; and
that you shall be one, M* Warde l another, and M? Parker of
Newbury ; and that M^ Norton and M^ Phillips may likewise
be called, for it will concerne you all. The maine question
will be, whether the hierarchy of Rome, or papacie, although
antichristian, be that Man of Sin [etc.] ? I meane the maine
that will trouble either mee or the churches : the other things

O

I confessc arc also of great consequence, but they all concerne
the day of Judgment and things [after ?] in the great and
excellent Kingdom of our Lord : and I wrote you this letter
(because of some receipt of injury that hereof is) to let you
know that I appeal to all the teaching Elders of the Churches
within this Jurisdiction, et vos omnes testor per nomen caris-
simum Domini nostri Jesu Christi, that you soundly and
maturely would advise and consult of the matter ; and regard
with all lawfull favour

Your unworthy servant,

THOMAS LECHFORD,
BOSTON, 3. 11? 1G38.

[ 31] Let all men knowc by these presents that whereas I
Richard Walker 2 of Lynnc in New E., planter, upon the
special instance and request of [Wanfc] Howes, 3 late of Lynne
aforesd and now of Mattachecs, pltr, became suerity for him
for a certaine debt of his lately owing unto one Samuel Smith,



Online LibraryThomas LechfordNote-book kept by Thomas Lechford, Esq., lawyer, in Boston, Massachusetts Bay, from June 27, 1638, to July 29, 1641 (Volume 7) → online text (page 7 of 47)