Thomas Lodge.

The complete works of Thomas Lodge now first collected.. online

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Pagos, & Ode, Cantusi for that they were ex-
ercifed in the fielde. they had they beginning
wyth tragedies, but their matter was more
plefTaunt, for they were fuche as did repre-
hend, yet quodam lepare. Thefe firft very rud-
ly were inuented by Sufarion Bullus, & Mag
neSy to auncient poets, yet fo, that they were
meruelous profitable to the reclamynge of
abufe: whereupon Eupolis with CartinuSy &
Aristophanes y began to write, and with ther
eloquenter vaine and perfedlion of ftil, dyd
more feuerely fpeak agaynil the abufi^s the
they: which Horace himfelfe witneffeth. For
fayth he ther was no abufe but thefe men re-
prehended it a thefe was loth to be feene one
there fpeflacle. a coward was neuer prefent
at theyr aflemblies. a backbiter abhord that
company, and I my felfe could not hane bla
med your (Goflbn) for exempting your felfe
from this theater, of troth I (houlde haue
lykt your poUicy. Thefe therefore, thefe wer
they that kept men in awe^ thefe reftrayned
the vnbridled cominaltie, whervpon Horace
wifely fayeth.

Odenmt peccare boniy virtutis anwre.
Oderunt peccare nuUiy formidine pence.



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The good did hate al finne for vertues loue

The bad for feare of fhame did fin remoue.

Yea would God our realtne could light vp-
pon a LuciUius^ then fliould the wicked bee
poynted out from the good, a harlot woulde
feeke no harbor at ftage plais, left (he (hold
here her owne name growe in queftion: and
the difcourfe of her honefty caufe her to bee
hated of the godly, as for you I am fure of
this one thing, he would paint you in yowx
players omamets, for they beft becam you.
But as thefe (harpe corrections were difa-
nulde in Rome when they grewe to more
licencioufnes: So I fear me if we fliold prac
tife it in our dayes, the fame intertainmente
would foUowe. But in ill reformed Rome
what comedies now? a poets wit can cor-
real, yet not offend. Philemon will mitigate
the corrections of finne, by reprouing them
couertly in (hadowes. Menandar dare not
offend y« Senate openly, yet wants he not a
parafite to touch them priuely. Terence wyl
not report the abufe of harlots vnder there
proper ftiie, but he can finely girde the vnder
the perfon of Thais^ hee dare not openly tell
the Rich of theyr couetoufneffe and feuerity
towards their children, but he can controle


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them vnder the perfon of Durus Defneas. he
muft not (hew the abule of noble yong gen-
tilmen vnder theyr owne title, but he wyll
wame them in the perfon of Pamphilus. wil
you learae to know a parafite? Looke vpon
his Dauus. wyl you feke the abufe of courtly
flatterers? behold Gnato. and if we had fome
Satericall Poetes nowe a dayes to penn
our commedies, that might be admitted of
zeale, to difcypher the abufes of the worlde
in the perfon of notorious offenders. I know
we fhould wifely ryd our aflemblyes of ma-
ny of your brotiierhod. but becaufe you may
haue a full fcope to reprehende, I will lyp
vp a rablemet of pla}anakers, whofe wrigh-
tinges I would wiihe you ouerlooke, and
feeke out theyr abufes. can you miflike of
Cecillius? or difpife Plinius? or amend Ne-
uius? or find fault with Zti^/frikf? where in of-
fended A£lUius? I am fure you can not but
wonder at Terretice? wil it pleafe you to like
of Turpdius? or alow of Trabea? you mufte
needs make much of Ennius for ouerloke al
thes^ & you flial find ther volums ful of wit if
you examin the: fo y^ if you had no other maf
ters, you might deferue to be a doftor, wher
now you are but a folifhe fcholemaifter. but
I wyll deale wyth you verye freendlye,

C. 4. I


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I wil refolue eueri doubt that you find, thofe
inftrumentes which you miflike in playes
grow of auncient cuftome, for when RoJJius
was an Aflor, be fure that as with his tears
he moued aflfe^lions, fo the Mufitian in the
Theater before the entrance, did momefuUy
record it in melody (as Seruius reporteth.)
Theaflors in Rome had alfo gay clothing &
euery mas aparel was apliable to his part
& perfon. The old men in white, y* rich men
in purple, the parafite difguifedly, the yong
men in gorgeous coulours, ther wanted no
deuife nor good iudgemet of y* comedy, whec
I fuppofe our players, both drew ther plai-
es & fourme of garments, as for the appoin
ted dayes wherin comedies wer (howen, I
reede tiiat the Romaynes appoynted them
on the feftiual dayes, in fuch reputation
were they had at that time. Alfo lodocus
Badius will aflertain you that the a£lors for
fhewing pleafure receued fome profite. but
let me apply thofe dayes to ours, their ac-
tors to our players, their autors to ours,
furely we want not a RoJJius^ nether ar ther
great fcarfity of Terrences profeflfio, but yet
our men dare not nowe a dayes prefume fo
much, as the old Poets might, and therfore
they apply ther writing to the peoples vain



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wheras, if in the b^inning they had ruled,
we fhould now adaies haue found fmal fpec
tacles of folly, but (of truth) I muft confes
with Aristotk^ that men are greatly deligh-
ted with imitation, and that ic were good to
bring thofe things on flage, that were alto-
gether tending to vertue: all this I admit, &
hartely w}rlh, but you fay vnleiTe the thinge
be taken away the vice wili continue, nay I
fay if the ftyle were changed the pra^ife
would profit, and fure I thinke our theaters
fit, that Ennius feeing our waton Glicerium
may rebuke her, if our poetes will nowe be-
come feuere, and for prophaue things write
of vertue: you I hope fhoulde fee a reformed
ftate in thofe thinges, which I feare me yf
they were not, the idle bedded commones
would worke more mifchiefe. I with as zea
loufly as the befl that all abufe of playinge
weare abolifhed, but for the thing, die anti-
quitie caufeth me to allow it, fo it be vfed as
it fhould be. I cannot allow the prophaning
of the Sabaoth, I praife your reprehenfion
in that, you did well in difcommending the
abufe, and furely I wyfh that that folly wer
difclaymed, it is not to be admitted, it maks
thofe fmne, whiche perhaps if it were not,
would haue binne prefent at a good fermon.


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it is in the Magiftrate to take away that or
der, and appoynt it otherwjrfe. but fure it
were pittie to abolifh 3^ which hath fo great
vertue in it becaufe it is abufed. The Ger-
manes when the vfe of preaching was for-
bidden them, what helpe had they I pray
you? forfoth the learned were fasme couertly
in comodies to declare abufes, and by play-
ing to incite the people to vertues, whe they
might heare no preaching. Thofe were la-
mentable dayes you will fay, and fo thinke
I, but was not this I pray you a good help
in reforming the deca3^ng Gofpel? you fee
then how comedies (my feuere iudges) are
requefit both for ther antiquity, and for ther
commoditye. for the dignity of the wrigh-
ters, and the pleafure of the hearers. But
after your difcrediting of playmaking, 3rou
falue viqpon the fore fomewhat, and among
many wife workes there be fome that fitte
your vaine: the pra£life of parafites is one,
which I meruel it likes you fo well fince it
bites you fo fore, but fure in that I like your
iudgement, and for the reft to, I approue
your wit, but for the pigg of your own fow,
(as you terme it) affuredly I muft difcom-
mend your verdit, tell me GrofTon was all
your owne you wrote there: did you borow


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nothing of your neyghbours? out of what

booke patched 3roa out Ciceros oration?
whence fet you Catulins inuefliue. Thys is
one thii^, alienam okt buemd turn tuam. fo
that your helper may wifely reply vpon you
with Virgil.

Has ego verficulos feci hUit alter honores.

I made thefe verfes other bear the name,
beleue me I (hould preferr Wilfons. fhorte
and fweete if I were iudge, a peece furely
worthy prayfe, the prafUfe of a good fchol*
ler, would the wifer would ouerlooke that,
they may perhaps cull fome wifedome, out
of a players toye. Well, as it is wifedome
to commend where the caufe requireth, fo it
is a po3ait of folly tx> praife without deferte.
you dillike plasters very much, the)rr dea-
lii^ be not for your commodity, whom if
I myghte aduife they fhould leame thys of

Vitiendum est reSle^
cum propter plurima, turn kis

Pracipue caufis: vt Hnguas mancipiorum
CoHtinas. Nd lingua mali pars pejfima ferui.

We ought to leade our lines aright,



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For many caufes moue.

Efpecially for this fame caufe,

Wifedome doth vs behone.

That we may fet at nough thofe blames,

which feruants to vs lay,

For why the tongue of euel flaue,

Is worft as wifemen euer fay.

Methinks I heare fome of them verifiing
thefe verfes vpon you, if it be fo that I hear
them, I wil concele it, as for the ftatute of
apparrell and the abufes therof, I fee it ma-
nifeftly broken, and if I (hould feeke for ex-
ample, you cannot but offend my eyes. For
if you examine the ftatuts exa^Iy, a Ample
cote fhould be fitted to your backe. we fhold
bereue you of your brauerye, and examine
your auceftry, & by profeffion in refpefl of y«
ftatute, we fhould find you catercofens with
a, (but hufh) you know my meaning, I muft
for pitie fauor your credit in that you weare
once a fchoUer. you runne farther to Car-
ders, dicers, fencers, bowlers, daunfers, &
tomblers. whofe abufes I wold rebuke with
you, had not your felf moued other matters,
but to eche I fay thus, for dicing I wyfhe
thofe that know it not to leaue to learn it, &
let the fall of others make them wifer. Yf


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they had an Alexander to gouem they fliold
be punifhed, and I could wifh them not to a
bufe the lenitie of their prince. Cicero for a
great blemifh reputeth that which our gen-
tiimen vfe for brauery, but fufficit ista leui-
ter atHgiffe^ a word againfl fencers, & fo an-
end. whom I wifli to beware with Demonax
left admitting theyr fencing delightes, they
deftroy (with the Athenians) the alters of
peace, by rayfing quarrellous caufes, they
workc vprores: but you and I reproue the
in abvfe, yet I (for my part) cannot but al-
low the prafUfe fo it be well vfed. as for the
filling of onr gracious princes cofers with
peace, as it pertaineth not to me, becaufe I
am none of her receiuors, fo men think vn-
leffe it hath bine lately you haue not bene of
her maiefties counfel. But now here as you
b^n foliflily, fo furely you end vnlemedly.
prefer you warre before peace? the fword be
fore the Goune? the rule of a Tyrant, be-
fore )^ happy days of our g^cious Queen?
you know the philofophers are againft you,
yet dare you (land in handy grips wyth CV-
cero\ you know that force is but an inftrumet
when counfell fayleth, and if wifedome win
not, farwel warre. Alke Alphonfus what
counfellors he lyketh of? hee will fay his



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bookes. and hath not I pray you pollicy al-
wais ouermaftered force? who fubdued Ha-
nibal in his great royalty? he y^ durft knock
at Rome gates to haue the opened is nowe
become a pray to a fylly fenator. Appms
Claudius et fenex et cacus a father full of
wifedome can releue the ftate of decaying
Rome, and was it force that fubdued Mori
us? or armes that difcouered CatuUfis con-
fpiracies? was it raih reuendg in punifhing
Cethegus? or want of witt in the difcoueiye
of treafon? Cato can correA himfelfe for tra-
ueling by Sea, when the land profereth paf
fage, or to be fole hardy in ouer mutch ha-
zard. Aristotle accompteth counfell holye, &
Socrates can terme it the key of certentye.
what Ihal we count of war but wrath, of bat
tel but haftines, and if I did rule (with Au^
gustus Ccefar) I woulde refufe thefe coim-
felers. what made y^ oracle I praye you ac-
compt of Cakkas fo much? was it not for
his wifedome? who doth not like of the go-
uemer that had rather meete with Vnum
Nestorem then decern Aiaces? you cannot
tame a Lyon but in tyme, neither a Tigres
in few dayes. Counfell in Regulus will pre-
ferring the liberty of his country before his
lyfe, not remit the deliuery of Carthaginian



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captiues, Hanibal (hall flefh himfelfe on an
olde mans carkas, whofe wifedome prefer-
ued his citye. Adrian \wth letters can go-
ueme hy^ legions, and rule peafablye his
prouinces by policye. afke Siluius Italicus
what peace is and he will fay?

Pax optima rerum quas homini nauiffe,

datum est^pax vna triumphis
Innumeris potior^ pax aistodire falutem.

Et dues aquare potens.

No better thing to man did nature

Euer giue then peace,

Then which to know no greater ioy,

Can come to our encreafe.

To fofter peace is (lay of health,

And keepes the land in eafe.

Take coufell of Quid what fayth he?
Candida pax homines^ trux decet atraferas.
To men doth heauenly peace pertaine,
And currilh anger fitteth brutifh vaine?

Well as I wifli it to haue continuance, fo
I praye God wyth the Prophet it be not a
bufed. and becaufe I think my felfe to haue
fufficiently anfwered that I fuppofed, I



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conclude ^vyth this. God preferue our peac-

able princes, & confound her enemies. God

enlarge her wifedom, that like Sa6a fhe may

feeke after a Salomon: God confounde the i-

maginations of her enemies, and perfit his

graces in her, that the daies of her rule may

be continued in the bonds of peace, that the

houfe of the chofen Ifralites may be mayn-

teyned in happineffe: laftly I frendly

bid Goflbn farwell, wyfhinge

him to temper his penn

with more difcre-



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Alarum againft Vfurers.
Qontaining tryed experieu"

CCS flfln li i u IDOmuIu



may finde good counfells to confirme them,

and pleafant Hiftories to delight them :

and euery thing fo interlaced with

varietie : as the curious may be (a-

tisfiid wUh rareneffe^ and the

curteous with plea-


niusanti Prifceria: \SU^ t^ latltttt^

table Complaint of Truth o-
VLtx England. Writtenby Tho-
mas Lodge^ of lAncolnes
InnCy Gentleman.

O Vital mifero longa^ fcdid breuis.

^ Imprinted at London by

T.Efte,for Sampfon Clarke, and are

to be fold at his (hop by Guyld HalL




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^ To The RightworJhipfull.SirWx'
lip Sidne Knight, indued with all

perfeftions of learning, and titles of Nobilitie:

Thomas Lodge Gen. wifheth continuance of

honour y and the benefits ofhappie


"^ ' [noble Gentleman) the titles of

hat allureth me, nor the nobilitie

arents that induceth me, but the

>n of your vertues that perfwa-

to publifli my pore trauailes vn-

mdoubted prote6lion. Whom I

moft humbly intreate, not onely in fo iuft a caufe to pro-

te& me, but alfo in thefe Priniordia of my ftudies, after

the accuftomed prudence of the Philofophers, to con-

firme with fauourable acceptaunce, and continuaunce as

the equitie of the caufe requireth. I haue fet downe in

thefe fewe lines in my opinion (Right WorfliipfuU) the

image of a licentious Vfurer, and the collufions of diue-

lifti incrochers, and heerevnto was I led by two reafons :

Firft, that the offender feeing his owne counterfaite in

this Mirrour, might amend it, and thofe who are like

by ouerlauifh profufeneffe, to become meate for their

mouths, might be warned by this caueat to fliunne the

Scorpion ere flie deuoureth.

A. ij. May

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The Epijlle Dedicatorie.

May it pleafe your Worlhippe, to fauour my
trauailes, and to accept my good will: who incouraged
by the fucceffe of this my firftlings will heereafter in
mod humble figne of humanitie continue the pur-
pofe I haue begunne, commending the caufe
and my feruice to your good liking: who
no doubt compafled with incompe-
rable vertues, will commend
when you fee occafion, &
not condemne with-
out a caufe.

Your Worships in all
dutie to commaund,
Thomas Lodge.

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^ To The Right worfhipfull^ my cur-

teous friends, the Gentlemen of the Innes of Court,
Thomas Lodge of Lincolnes Inne Gentle-
man, wiflieth profperous fuccefle in
their ftudies, and happie euent in
their trauailes.

Vrteous Gentlemen, let it not f(6eme
ftraunge vnto you, that hee which hath
long time flept in filence, now begin-
neth publikely to falute you, fmce no
doubt, my reafons that induce me here-
vnto be fuch, as both you may allowe
of them, fmce they be well meant, and account of them
fmce they tend to your profit. I haue publiftied h^ere of
fet purpofe a tried experience of worldly abufes, defcri-
bing h^erein not onely thofe monfters which were ba-
nifhed Athens^ I meane Vfurers, but alfo fuch deuou-
ring caterpillers, who not onely haue fatted their fin-
gers with many rich forfaitures, but alfo fpread their
venim among fome priuate Gentlemen of your profef-
fion, which confidered, I thought good in opening the
wound: to preuent an vlcer, and by counfelling before
efcape, forewarn before the mifchiefe. Led then by thefe
perfwafions, I doubt not, but as I haue alwayes found
you fauourable, fo now you will not ceafe to be friend-
ly, both in protefting of this iuft caufe, from vniuft flan-
der, and my perfon from that reproch, which, about two
yeares fince, an iniurious cauiller obiefted againft me:
You that knowe me Gentlemen, can teftifie that ney-
ther my life hath bene fo lewd, as y' my companie was
odious, nor my behauiour fo light, as that it ihuld pafTe
the limits of modeftie: this notwithftanding a licenti-

A. ii. ous

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The Epijlle.

ous Hipponax, neither regarding the afperitie of the
lawes touching flaunderous Libellers, nor the offTpring
from whence I came, which is not contemptible, attem-
ted, not only in publike & reprochfuU terms to condemn
me in his writings, but alfo fo to (lander me, as neither
iuftice fliuld wink at fo hainous an oflece, nor I preter-
mit a commodious reply. About thr^e yeres ago one 5/^-
phen Goffbn publifhed a booke, intituled, The fckoole of
Abufe, in which hauing efcaped in many & fundry coclu-
fions, I as the occafion the fitted me, ihapt him fuch an
anfwere as bef(6emed his difcourfe, which by reafon of the
flendemes of y« fubieft (becaufe it was in defece of plaies
& play makers) y« godly & reuerent y' had to deale in the
caufe, mifliking it, forbad y« publiihing, notwithftanding
he comming by a priuate vnperfeft-coppye, about two
yeres fince, made a reply, diuiding it into fiue feftios, &
in his Epiftle dedicatory, to y right honorable, fir Fran-
ces Walfingham^ he impugneth me with thefe reproches,
y' I am become a vagarat perfon, vifited by y^ heuy hand
of God, lighter then libertie, & loofer the vanitie. At fuch
time as I firft came to y« fight h6erof (iudge you gentle-
men how hardly I could difgefi: it) I bethought my felfe
to frame an anfwere, but confidering y' the labour was
but loft, I gaue way to my miffbrtune, contenting my
felfe to wait y* opportunitie wherein I might, not accor-
ding to the impertinacie of the iniurye, but as equitye
might countenance m6e, caft a raine ouer the vntamed
curtailes chaps, & wiping out the fufpition of this flan*
der from the remebrance of thofe y* knew me, not coun-
fell this iniurious Afinius to become more conformable
in his reportes: and now Gentlemen hauing occafion
to paffe my trauailes in publike, I thought it not amifle
fomewhat to touch the flaunder, & prouing it to be moft
wicked & difcommendable, leaue the reft to the difcreti-
on of thofe in authoritie, who if the Gentleman had not
plaid bo p6ep thus long, would haue taught him to haue
counted his cards a little better: and now Stephen Go/*


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The Epijlle.

fan let me but familiarly reafon with thee thus. Think-
eft thou y* in handling a good caufe it is requifite to in-
duce a falf propofiti5, although thou wilt fay it is a part
of Rethorike to argue A Perfona, yet is it a praftife of
fmall honeftie to conclude vdthout occafion: if thy caufe
wer good, I doubt not but in fo large & ample a difcourfe
as thou hadft to handle, thou mighteft had left the honor
of a gentleman inuiolate. But thy bafe degree, fubiefl to
feruile attempts, meafureth all things according to ca-
uelling capacitie, thinking becaufe nature hath beftow-
ed vpo th6e a plaufible difcourfe, thou maift in thy fw^et
termes prefent the fowreft & falfeft reports y" canft ima-
gine: but it may be, y* as it fortuned to y« noble man of /-
tafy^ it now fareth w* me, who as Pitarch reported, giue
greatly to y« intertainmgt of ftrangers, & pleafure of the
chafe, refpe£led not the braue & gorgious garments of a
courtier, but delighted in fuch clothing as f^iemed y^ place
where he foioumed, this noble gentleman returning on
a time fro his game, found all his houfe fumifhed with
ftrangers, on who beftowing his accuftomed welcome,
he bent himfelf to y* oueriifeing of his domeftical prepa-
ratio, & coming to y« ftable among the horf k^pers of his
new come guefts, & reprehending one of the for faulting
in his office, 3^ felow impatient of reproofe, & meafuring
y^ gentleman by his plaine coat, ftroke him on the face, &
turned him out of y^ ftable, but afterward attending on
his mafter, & perceiuing him whom he had ftroken to be
y* Lord of y« houfe,he humbly craued pardo: y« gentleman
as patient as plefant, not only forgaue him y^ efcape, but
pretely anfwered thus, I blame not th6e good fellow for
thy outrage, but this companion, pointing to his coate,
which hath made thde miftake my perfon. So at this in-
ftant eft^eme I M. Goffbn hath dealt with me, who not
mefuring me by my birth, but by y* fubieft I hadled like
Will Summer ftriking him y* flood next him, hath vp-
braided me in perfon, whe he had no quarrell, but to my
caufe, & therein pleaded his owne indifcretid, & loded me


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The Epijlle.

with intoUerable iniurie. But if with Zoylus h6e might
kiffe the gibet, or with Pataciati hop headleffe, the world
ihoulde b^e ridde of an iniurious (launderer, and that
tongue laboured in fuppofitions, might be nailed vp
as TuUies was for his PfUlipicaU declamations. But
good Stephen, in like forte will I deale with th^e, as
Phillip of Macedon with Nicanor^ who not refpefling
the maieftie of the king, but giuing himfelfe ouer to the
petulancie of his tongue vainly inueighed againft him,
whom notwithflanding Philip fo cunningly handeled,
that not onely he ceafed the rumor of his report, but al-
fo made him as lauifli in commending, as once be was
profufe in difcommending: his attempt was thus perfor-
med, he feeing Nicanor forely preffed with pouerty, re-
l^eued him to his content Wherevpon altering his cop-
pie, and breaking out into Angular commendation of
Philip, the king concluded thus: Loe, curtefie can make
of bad good, and of Nicanor an enimie, Nicanor a friend.
Whofe aflions my reprouer, I will now fit to th^e, who
hauii^ (laundered me without caufe, I will no other-
wife reuenge it, but by this meanes, that now in pub-
like I confefTe thou haft a good pen, and if thou k^epe thy
Methode in difcourfe, and leaue thy flandering without
caufe, there is no doubt but thou ihalt b^e commended
for thy coppie, and praifed for thy ftile. And thus defi-
ring thee to meafure thy reportes with iuftice, and you
good Gentlemen to anfwere in my behalfe if you
heare me reproched. I leaue you to your
pleafures, and for my felfe I will
ftudie your profit.

Your iouing friend,
Thomas Lodge.

Digitized by



Gentleman Souldier, in

praife of the Author.

TF that which warnes the young beware of vice,
^ And fchooles the olde to fhunne vnlawfull gaine.
If pleafant ftile and method may fuffice,
I thinke thy trauaile merits thanks for paine,
My (imple doome is thus in tearmes as plaine:
That both the fubie£t and thy ftile is good,
Thou needs not feare the fcoffes of Momus brood.

If thus it be, good Lodge continue ftiil,
Thou needft not feare Goofe fonne or Ganders hiffe,

Whofe rude reportes paft from a flaundrous quill,
Will be determind but in reading this,
Of whom the wifer fort will thinke amis,

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