mas third Lord Delawar.
Edward Earl of Bedford, sitting. He is dressed e dward
in black and gold, with a high-crowned hat : his ARL or
to ' ' Bedford.
hand in a sash, being gouty. This nobleman was
an exception to the good understanding this family
is blest with ; and unluckily was matched with a
lady whose vanity and expences were boundless.
Sir William Russel, in a black slashed vest. SirWilliam
He was lord deputy of Ireland in the reign of USSEI -
Queen Elizabeth, in 1 594 : a wise and most gal-
lant commander, and successful in various expe-
ditions against the rebels; but not brooking a
divided power with the general, Sir John Norris,
he was, at his own request, recalled. He was
created by James I. Baron of Thornhaugh, and
died in 1613.
Giles, the third Lord Chandos, in a high-crowned Giles Lord
hat, white jacket, black gown laced with silver, HAND0
short hair and beard. iEt. 43, 1589- He died
The first Francis Earl of Bedford, with a long first Fran-
white beard and furred robe, and George pen- C b E dford F
dent; a head. Another illustrious personage of
436 PORTRAITS AT WOBURN.
this house, who discharged several great offices in
the reigns of Mary and Elizabeth. Such was his
hospitality, that the latter used to say of him, that
he made all the beggars. He died, aged 58, on
the 28th of July 1585, the day after his third son,
Francis, was slain, happily unknowing of the mis-
Francis and This youth, and his elder brother Edward
Russel. Lord Russel, are represented in small, in two
paintings, and so alike, as scarcely to be dis-
tinguished : both dressed in white close jackets,
and black and gold cloaks, and black bonnets.
The date by Lord Edward, is aet. 22, 1573. He
is represented grasping in one hand some snakes,
with this motto, Fides homini, serpentibus fraus ;
and in the back ground he is placed standing in a
labyrinth, and above is inscribed, Fata viam in-
venient. This young nobleman also died before
His brother Francis has his accompaniments
not less singular. A lady, seemingly in distress,
is represented sitting in the back ground, sur-
rounded with snakes, a dragon, crocodile, and
cock. At a distance is the sea, with a ship under
full sail. The story is not well known ; but it cer-
tainly alludes to a family transaction, similar to
that in Otways Orphan, and gave rise to it. He,
by the attendants, was perhaps the Polydore of
PORTRAITS AT VVOBURN. 487
the history. Edxoard seems by his motto, Fides
homini, serpent ibusfraus, to have been the Casta-
Ho, conscious of his own integrity, and indignant
at the perfidy of his brother. The ship alludes
to the desertion of the lady. If it conveyed Sir
Francis to Scotland, it was to his punishment ; for
he fell there on July 27th, 1585, in a border fray.
Francis Russel, third son to the fourth Earl Francis
of Bedford, in armour. Russel.
His brother Colonel John Russel. John
A head of Catherine , youngest daughter to Catherine
the Treasurer, Earl of Suffolk, and wife to ^/.Countess cf
' *" ' Suffolk.
Ham Earl of Salisbury. She is in a flowered
dress ; her ruff worked with gold, and her breasts
Head of the fair Geraldine, the third wife of The fair
Edward Earl of Lincoln. Her hair yellow ; her
face a proof how much beauty depends on fancy ;
her dress far from elegant.
Margaret Countess of Cumberland) she was Margaret
youngest daughter to the first Francis Earl of Bed- Co J 8 R . or
ford, and wife to the celebrated George Clifford LAND -
Earl of Cumberland p .
Lord Treasurer Burleigh, the able statesman Lord
of Elizabeth ; a favorite, whom she chose, as she
This is the portrait alluded to above, in the note relative
to the Countess of Somerset. Ed,
p For an account of both see Tour in Scotland, vol. ml i. 355.
PORTRAITS AT WOBURN.
expressed it, not for his bad legs, but for his good
head q . His maxims did not quite agree with those
of the ministers of later days ; for he held, That
nothing could be for the advantage of the prince,
which makes any way against his reputation ;
wherefore he never would suffer the rents of lands
to be raised, nor the old tenants to be put out r .
This great statesman is represented sitting. His
countenance comely, his beard grey, his gown
black and furred, and adorned with a gold chain.
His mistress lost this faithful servant in 1598,
Edzvard Clinton, first Earl of Lincoln, sitting :
a half-length in black, a short ruff, bonnet, and
with his George, by Cornelius Ketel, the whimsi-
cal artist, who took it into his head to lay aside
his brushes, and paint with his fingers only ; and
at length, finding those tools too easy, undertook
to paint with his toes s . This nobleman was one
of the most distinguished persons of his age, and
shone equally as a soldier and a sailor ; for, du-
ring the reigns of Henry VIII., Edward VI.,
Mary and Elizabeth, there were scarely any ex-
peditions in which he did not signalize himself.
He was Lord Great Admiral for thirty years,
counsellor to three princes, and of unspotted re-
9 Lloyd's Worthies, i. 360. * Camden's Elizabeth.
* JValpok's Lives of Painters, i. 138, 139.
PORTRAITS AT WOBURN. 489
putation. In an advanced age he married for his
third wife the fair Geraldine, the subject of the
gallant Earl of Surry's affection, and of his amo-
rous muse. Their union never took place. It is
probable that she deserted him ; for soon after
his sonnet, descriptive of the fair,
From Tuscane came my ladies worthy race,
follow several others, complaining of his hard lot,
in experiencing the scorn and inconstancy of his
mistress ; but what affects him most is, the giving
the preference to a lover of meaner rank.
I know (though she say nay, and would it well withstand)
When in hir grace thou yeldest the most, she bare thee but
I see her pleasant cheere in chiefest of thy suite,
When to art gone I see him come that gathers up the fruite ;
And eke in thy respecte, I see the base degree
Of him to whom she gave the heart that promised was to
Near him is the head of Charles Brandon Brandon
Duke of Suffolk, son of Sir William Brandon,
standard-bearer to Henry VII., slain in the battle
of Bosworth. His dress is black, with red sleeves,
with the collar of the Garter and the George.
His beard is white, his countenance bluff, not un-
* Fol. ii. edition 158,5.
490 PORTRAITS AT WOBURN.
like that of his master Henry VIII. Their quali-
ties, happily for the favorite, were different; for
the inscription with truth says, that he was " gra-
" tiose with Henry VIII. ; void of despyte ;
" most fortunate to the end ; never in displeasure
" with his kynge." He was brought up with his
master, and justly beloved by him for his noble
qualities, for his goodly person, courage, and con-
formity of disposition (I suppose only) in all his
exercises and pastimes \ He was a principal
figure in every tilt and tournament. In his younger
days (1510) he appeared at Westminster in the
solemn justs, held in honor of Catherine of Arra-
gon, in the dress of a recluse, begging of her
highness permission to run in her presence ; which
obtained, he instantly flung off his weeds, and
came out all armed. He signalized himself at the
justs at Tournay, in 1511, instituted by Margaret
Princess of Castile, in compliment to his royal
master. The place was flagged with black marble,
and the horses of the knights were shod with felt,
to prevent them from slipping*. He here won
the heart of the fair foundress of the entertain-
ment ; but fortune reserved him for another prin-
In 1514 he performed amazing deeds of arms
Herbert's Henry VIII. 35. * lb. 41. .
PORTRAITS AT WOBURN. 491
at Saint Denys, at the coronation of the youthful
Mary, sister to Henry, on her marriage with the
aged and decrepid Louis XII. The good king,
says Henault, forgot his age, and met with death
in her arms in less than three months. This opened
the way to his possession of the beautiful dowager.
Her heart was lost to him at the preceding tourna-
ments, in which she had an opportunity of com-
paring the feebleness of her bridegroom with the
dexterity, the grace, and strength of her valiant
knight, who, at single combat, overthrew man and
horse. The French, envious of his prowess, in-
troduced into the lists a gigantic German, in hopes
of bringing the English hero into disgrace. He
treated the Almain so roughly, that the French in-
terfered ; but in a second trial, Suffolk caught him
round the neck, and pummelled him so severely
about the head, that they were obliged to convey
the fellow away secretly ; who had been surrepti-
tiously introduced in disguise, merely on account
his great strength*.
Mary, on the death of her royal consort, pro-
posed to Suffolk, and gave him only four days to
consider of the offer y . This seems to have been
concerted, to save her lover from the fury of
Henry, for daring to look up to a dowager of
* Halle, xlix. Holinshed 833.
y Herbert's Henry VIII. 54.
-192 PORTRAITS AT WOBURN.
France, and, what was more, his sister. His
master fortunately favored the match. He con-
tinued beloved by the king to the end of his life ;
after seeing the following knights and attendants
on the conjugal festivities, the Earl of Devonshire,
Lord Leonard Grey, Sir Nicholas Carew, and
Anna Boleyn, sent headless to their graves. But
Charles went off triumphant with his royal spouse;
carried with him her jewels, to the amount of
200,000 crowns ; the famous diamond le mirroir
de Naples ; and secured her jointure of sixty thou-
sand crowns 2 . He married almost as many wives
as Henry, leaving his fourth to survive him. He
died universally lamented, in 1545, and was
buried magnificently at the expenceof his master;
his loss being one of the few things that touched
his hardened heart.
Queen Queen Elizabeth, full length, with a rich gown,
KjLijr A BETH*
white, embroidered with flowers, and a fan of fea-
thers in her hand. I find that her majesty would
condescend to accept of the smallest present, as a
mark of her subjects' love; for, in passing through
a Doctor Puddins house in her way to the cele-
brated wedding of Mrs. Anne Russel with Lord
Herbert, she did the Doctor the honor of accept-
ing from him a fan en passant.
Sir Richard Head of Sir Richard Bingley.
2 Herbert's Henry VIII. 5.5.
PORTRAITS AT WOBURN. 493
Another of Sir Edward Gorges ? & S53S D
Sir Joscelyn Percy, seventh son of Henry eighth SirJoscelyn
Earl of Northumberland, closes the list. He and
his brother Charles were concerned in the Earl of
Essex's insurrection. Both received their par-
dons: and Joscelyn survived till 1631.
That gloomy* insipid pair, Philip II. and his Philip and
consort Mary, are painted in small full-lengths by
Sir Antonio More. The first of these ungracious
figures is dressed in a black jacket, Avith gold
sleeves and hose ; the Queen sitting in a black and
gold petticoat, and furred sleeves. Her black
conic cap is faced with gold and jewels. A rich
chain of great pearls and small vases, red and gold,
are other ornaments to our bigotted sovereign.
The date is 1553. Sir Antonio was sent from
Spain to draw her picture ; so has placed her and
Philip in a scene of auk ward courtship ; for they
were not married till the following year.
Isabella, daughter to Henry Bennet, Earl of Isabella
, . r n r Dutchess of
Arlington, and wife to the first Duke of Grafton, Grafton.
is represented a half length in white, with long
flowing hair, very handsome.
a This curious picture, and some of the portraits mentioned
below, are removed to a room destined to receive the over-
flowings of the house; others have gradually disappeared from
Woburn, are placed in the attics, or are no longer shewn. Ed.
494 PORTRAITS AT WOBURN.
Elizabeth A large family picture, by Jervis, of Elizabeth
D B^"ord. F Hoxvland, Dutchess to the first IVriothesley Duke
of Bedford, in her weeds, with her four children-
Above her, in the back part of the picture, hangs
the portrait of her lord; the same who built Covent
Garden church, and was called the good Duke.
Gertrude In another apartment is a large picture, repre-
DuTCHESSOF . ~. i -r-v i r -rt i r 1
Bedford, sentmg Gertrude, Dutchess of Bedjrd, present-
ing her daughter (the Dutchess of Marlborough)
to Minerva, the sciences and graces painted by
Hamilton, an artist settled I believe at Rome.
Nobleman A full length of a nobleman in a hat with a
red crown and feather, square black beard, red ear-
rings and stockings : in his robes, with a white rod
in his hand. This was brought from Thornhaugh,
a seat of the family in Northamptonshire.
Lady Portrait of a lady in black, a red and white
UNKNOWN. c -
petticoat, flat run, and a great string ot pearls
across her breast.
Ladies Two children in one piece, Ladv Diana and
Lady Anne Russel, daughters of William first
Duke of Bedford. They had the misfortune of
being poisoned, by eating some noxious berries
which they met with. Lady Anne died ; Lady
Diana survived, and is again painted, in more ad-
vanced life, by Sir Deter Lely.
A man in a grey jacket, red breeches, short hair,
PORTRAITS AT WOBURN. 495
and small beard ; a stick in his hand, and helmet
by him. Date 1592, aet. 28.
Elizabeth Bruges, or Bridges, aged 14, Elizabeth
i n m i tt- v Bruges.
1589, painted in a flat stile, by Hieronymo m
Custodio, of Antwerp. She is represented in black,
flowered with white, with full sleeves, a gold chain,
great pearl set in gold on one shoulder, and a gold
ornament on the other. This lady was eldest
daughter to Giles, Lord Chandos, and wife to Sir
John Kenneda, knight b : she dying childless, the
whole fortune of her family devolved to her se-
cond sister, Catherine, Countess of Bedford.
A full length of that fantastic lady, Lucy; Lucy
. Countess op
Countess of Bedford, in a dancing attitude, dressed Bedford.
in a fantastic habit, with an immense transparent
veil distended behind her.
Present Dutchess of Marlborough. Dutchess
LoRD Francis Russel in a black dress, a minia- borough.
A female, dwarf to Catherine, Queen to a Dwarf.
Catherine Countess of Bedford, wife to Catherine
Francis Earl of Bedford, and daughter to Giles Bedford.
Bruges, third Lord Chandos. Her dress a pearl
coronet, and hair flowing below her waist, a
worked gown, and red mantle : a fine full length;
b Dugdale's Baronagt, ii. 395.
496 PORTRAITS AT WOBURN.
Anne Anne, daughter of that infamous pair, Robert
Countess of . .
Bedford. Car, Earl of Somerset, and his Countess, is paint-
ed by Vandyck, in blue, drawing on a glove : a
most beautiful half length. She was the wife of
Sir William Russel, above mentioned, married to
him in the year 1637. She proved worthy of the
alliance she made. It is said that she was igno-
rant of her mother's dishonor, till she read it in a
pamphlet she found accidentally left in a window.
It is added, that she was so struck with this de-
tection of her parent's guilt, that she fell down in
a fit, and was found senseless, with the book open
before her. She died on May 10, 1684. The
anecdote is omitted in the histories of the family,
probably to avoid the revival of a disgraceful tale.
Francis Earl of Bedford, was so averse to the
alliance, that he gave his son leave to chuse a wife
out of any family but that. Opposition usually
stimulates desire : the young couple's affection
were only increased. At length the king inter-
posed, and, sending the Duke of Lenox to urge the
Earl to consent, the match was brought about.
Somerset, now reduced to poverty, acted a gene-
rous part; selling his house at Chiswick, plate,
jewels, and furniture, to raise a fortune for his
daughter of twelve thousand pounds, which the
Earl of Bedford demanded ; saying, that seeing her
PORTRAITS AT WOBURN. 497
affections were settled, he chose rather to undo
himself than make her unhappy d .
Her father in law, the second Frcuicis Earl of T "? SECOND
7 - FRANCIS
Bedford, by Vandyck, is in the drawing room. A Karl of
. . . i'ii Bedford.
full length in black, with light hair and short
peaked beard; painted in 1636, aged forty-eight.
He died in 1641, and left behind him a distin-
guished character. He was of the popular party,
but of such an excellent understanding, so good a
heart, and of such great moderation, that it is sup-
posed, if he had lived, his influence with his
friends would have been exerted to have com-
posed the unhappy violence of the times. This was
the nobleman who undertook and succeeded in
the arduous attempt of draining the vast fen in
Cambridgeshire, called the Great Level, contain-
ing three hundred and six thousand acres".
Gertrude late Dutchess of Bedford. Gertrude
r n i i r i i i t i Dutchess or
. A fine full length or her worthy husband, Bedford.
John, Duke of Bedford, represented sitting in his j 0HN duke
robes. 0F Bedford -
The late Lord and Lady Tavistock. His lord- Lord and
ship in a red gown, furred. He is again repre- Tavistock.
sented in another room, in the uniform of the Dun-
Lady Russel, wife of Sir William Russel y lord Lady
d British Biogr. v. 3534.
* Dugdale on embanking, 344.
493 PORTRAITS AT WOBURN. AMPTHILL.
deputy of Ireland, is painted in great sleeves. She
was daughter to Edzvard Long, Esquire, of Thin-
gay, in Cambridgeshire, and died two years before
Francis Her son Francis, afterwards Earl of Bedford^
o^Bbd^rd! * s Panted in his childhood, in white, with green
hose ; with a hawk in his hand, and two dogs in
couples near him.
Catherine A full length of Catherine, wife of the second
Bedford? F Francis Earl of Bedford, in black, with roses in
Lady Frances Lady Chandos, daughter of the first
Earl of Lincoln, in a great ruff, a black dress rich
in pearls, aet. 37, 1589 : lived till the year 1623.
From TVoburn, for the sake of variety, I left the
great road, and, crossing the county, went through
the village oiRidgemont, and, soon after, through
that of Millbrook, whose church is pleasantly seated
on the bluff point of a hill. About two miles far-
Ampthill. ther, reach Ampthill, a small market-town, on a
rising ground, noted in old times for the magnifi-
cent mansion built by Sir John Cornwall, Lord
Fanhope, as Leland says, with such spoiles that he
xcanne in Fraunce*. lie married Elizabeth, second
daughter to John, Earl of Lancaster, commonly
called John of Gaunt, and widow to John Earl of
Exeter: for her he is supposed to have built the
f ltin. i. 115.
house, which was worthy of so illustrious a princess.
It had four or five fair towers of stone in the inner
court, beside the basse court*. This hero was son
of Sir John Cornwall : his mother, niece to the Duke ^ LoRD
of Brit any r , was delivered of him at sea. He was
usually stiled green Cornwall, from the color of
that element. He rose by his merit; was cele-
brated for deeds of arms and acts of chivalry, and
those equally in the field, and in the lists of arms.
At York he fought and vanquished, in the pre-
sence of Henry IV. two valiant knights ; one a
Frenchman, the other an Italian. In reward for
his prowess, Henry created him knight of the
garter. He signalized himself at the battle of
Azincourt, where he took prisoner Louis de Bour-
bon Count of Vendome, and had his ransom con-
firmed to him h , with which he might have built the
house ; for it seems to be the spoils alluded to by
Leland. In reward for his services, he was created
by Henry VI. baron of Fanhope and Millbrook y
and died in 1443. He had no lawful issue ; nei-
ther were the large grants made to him by the
crown, for more than the term of life, so that they
reverted on his decease.
The place was afterwards bestowed by Edzoard
IV. on Edmund Lord Grey. The gift was not (as
Leland supposes) founded on the ruin of Lord
s Itm.l 115. h Sandford's Genealog. Hist. 258.
Fanhope, after ttie battle of Northampton ; for that
event did not take place till seventeen years after
Fanhope died peaceably in his bed. It continued
in the family of the Greys till the death of Richard
Earl of Kent , who made it over to Henry VIII.
That prince added it to the crown, and erected it,
with the great estate belonging to it, into the
honour of Ampthill 1 . Here was the residence of
the injured princess Catherine of Arragon, during
the period that her divorce was in agitation ; and
from hence she was cited to appear before the
commissioners, then sitting at Dunstable k . About
the year 1774, John Earl of Ossory, on the site of
the castle, erected a gothic column (designed by
Mr. Essex) to perpetuate the memory of this ill-
fated Queen, with the following elegant inscription 1 :
In days of old, here Ampthill's towers were seen,
The mournful refuge of an injur'd queen ;
Here flow'd her pure, but unavailing tears ;
Here blinded zeal sustain'd her sinking years :
Vet Freedom hence her radiant banner wav'd,
And Love aveng'd a realm by priests enslav'd ;
From Catherine's wrongs a nation's bliss was spread,
And Luther's light from Henry's lawless bed.
Comes de Ossory, posuit, 1773.
1 Camden, i. 340.
k She died at Kimbolton, in Huntingdonshire, on the 8th of
1 Written by the late Lord Orford. Ed.
AMPTHILL PARK. 501
Th e only remarkable thing I observed in the
church, was a mural monument in memory of Church.
Richard Nicoils, governor of Long Island after the
expulsion of the Dutch. He was a gentleman of
the bed-chamber to the Duke of York, and was
slain in the celebrated engagement of May 28th,
1672, attending his royal highness on board of his
ship. What is singular in this monument is, the
preservation of the very ball with .which he was
killed, a five or six pounder, which is placed within
the pediment, inlaid in the marble ; and on the
molding of the pediment, on each side of the bullet,
are the words,
Instrumentum mortis et immortalitatis.
Mr. Sandford has given a plate of the figures
of Sir John Cornwall and his wife, as painted in a
window of this church. They are either lost, or I
have overlooked them. They are represented
kneeling, and both with mantles of their arms over
them : she in her ducal coronet. Between them,
at top, is a banner with her arms ; at bottom, his
arms included in the Garter.
From the town I descended to Ampthill Park, Ampthill
the seat of the Earl of Ossory ; a modern house,
plain and neat, with eleven windows in front, and
wings. Within, is the portrait of Richard Lord L RD
Goxvran, in his robes : he was ancestor to the noble
Geneal. Hist. 259.
502 AMPTHILL PARK.
owner, and married, in 1718, to Anne, younger
Sir John daughter of Sir John Robinson of Faming Wood,
Robinson. c .
in Northamptonshire. Another Sir John Robin-
sons portrait is preserved here : a half-length, in a
great wig, cravat, sash, and buff coat. He was
an eminent loyalist ; was lord mayor of London,
in 1663, and lieutenant of the Tower, from the
Restoration to the time of his death. His double
employ is expressed by a distant view of the Tower,
and the gold chain placed by him on a table.
Laud. Th e indiscreet prelate Laud, is admirably paint-
ed by Vandyck.
Cai1*frine Here is a full length of Catherine Cornaro,
Queen of Cyprus : a bulky woman, in black, with
flaxen hair, much curled. This distinguished fe-
male w as daughter to Mark Cornaro, the most il-
lustrious of the Venetian families. James Lusignan,
or James the Bastard, king of Cyprus, in order to
strengthen himself on his throne, demanded, by his
ambassador, a w ife out of the republic of Venice.
The senate fixed on this lady, adopted her as their
own, and stiled her, from its tutelar saint, the
daughter of St. Mark. She reigned long in that
island, and governed fifteen years after the death
of her husband. He had left the senate of Venice
protectors of her, and of the child with which she
was pregnant at the time of that event. The in-
fant son lived only ten months ; and the Venetian
AMPTHILL PARK. 503
state considered itself as heir to the kingdom, in
right of its daughter Catherine, Apprehensions
arose, that the Turkish emperor Bajazet, and the
Christian monarch Fei^cHnand, had designs on it :
they determined to frustrate both, and sent George
Cornaro, brother to the Queen, to assist her in the