Thomas Roscoe Rede Stebbing.

A history of crustacea: recent malascostraca online

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genus, 137

Diogenes, 160 ; varians, 161

Diops, parvulus, spinosus, 306

Diptychus preoccupied, 1 78

Distribution, questions of, 22, 23 ;
by unconscious human agency,
99 ; in the deep sea, 1 53 ; of Asta-
cidea, 209; by wading birdt*,
241 ; of Eucopia, 261 ; of Sto-
matopoda, 280; of Serolidae,
358; of Oniscoidea, 422, 428,
433

Dodecas elongata, one of the Am-
phipoda Caprellidea, 30

Dohm, Dr. A., on the structure of
the Gnathiidffi, 336, 337

Dollfus, M. Adrien, on distribu-
tion of Poroellio, 428; on Lu-
casius, 429 ; on the parts of tt e
head in Oniscoidea, 435

Don Diego in 't voile hamasch, 158

Dorippe, facchino, 130, 132; ja-
ponica, 131, 132 ; dorsipes, 132

Dorippidae defined, 130

Dorodotes, 237, 238

Doryphorus preoccupied, 233

Dotilla, brevitarsis, fenestrata, 102

Doto preoccupied, 102

Drake, Sir Francis, 25

Dressing, crabs practise, 112, 113,
115

Dromia, 134 ; origin of the name,
135 ; Rumphii, vulgaris, 135

Dromidae defined, 134

Dromyiea defined, 133

Dynamene, Montagui, rubra, ver-
sicolor, viridis, 361, 362

Dynomene, 136



EARSTONES, alias otoliths, 36, 37,

182, 196
Ebalia, Bryerii, Cranchii, nnx,

Pennantii, tuberosa, tumefacta,

129 ; undecimspinosa, 130
Ebner, Dr. V. von, on respiratory

apparatus of Tylos, 423; on

Uellena, 425



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448



A HISTORY OF RECENT CRUSTACEA



BCH

Eohidnocerus setimanus, great
size of, 154

Echinoplax Moseleyl, 110

Ecphysis, alias exopod, 194

Kdibie crab, the, good contriTance
for extirpieiting, 57

Edotia, bicospida, triloba, 374;
tuberculata, 376

Eriophthalma, 7, 8, 43; defined,
291

Egeon, fasciatus, scaiptns, 226

Eggs, of Gecarcinns, 83; often
large in deep-water species, 177,
189 ; of Squiilidae, 288 ; of Cu-
macea, 298

Eiconaxias, acutifrons, parvns, 188

Eisig, Dr^on behavioor of Inachns.
113

Eisothistos, 331 ; vermiformis,
mimicry by, 335

Elamene Mathaei, 102

Elaphocaris, a larval Sergestes, 221

Elama, 433 ; purpnra?cens, 434

Endopod, alian endopodite, 36

Endostome, 62

Engaeus, distribution of, 210

Entione acbsei, 406

Entomostraca, 6, 7; subdivision
of, 9 ; where met with, 14, 17 ;
numbers and sizes of, 31 ; seg-
ments of, 32 ; mandibular palp
Id, 39

Entoniscidse defined, 405

Ent miscus, brasiliensis, Creplinii,
Miilleri. porcellanae, 406

Ephyra (?) compressa, 241

Ephyrina Benedicti, 244

Epicaridea, discussion of, 392;
phylogenetic table of, 393 ; mar-
supial plates of, 297, 393

Epichthys giganteus, 362

Epipod, 41 , 42 ; of first maxillipeds
in Eucopia, 260

Epistome, the, 62, 435

Epizoanthus, americanus, paguri-
philus, colonial polyps asso-
ciated with Hermit-crabs, 168

Eretmocaris, 254 ; longicaulis, eye
of, 35, 255

Ergasticus, Clouei, Naresii, 110

Ergyne cervicornis, 413



BUP

Erichsonia filiformis, 375

Erichthalima, 290

Erichthidsd, larval Squillidas, 281

Erichthus, 289

Eriocheir japonicus, 95

Eriphia, ridges on endostome of,

62
Sryon, a fossil genus, 199 ; cari-

bensis, 144
EryontidsB defined, 199
Erythrops, 267, 275 ; elegans, ery-

throphthalmus, Goesii, pyg-

mieus, serratus, 275
Estheria califomica, a large Pbyl-

lopod, 31
Ethusa, 18, 132; mascarone, 53,

132; granalata, 132
Ethusina, challenger!, IS ; abyssi-

cola, 132
Eubelum lubricnm, 433
Suchseta glacialis, mandibular

'palp* in, 39
EuchsBtomera, tenuis, typica, 267,

276
Sucolomban, pmatus, picta, 345
Eucolumba, omatus, picta, 345
Eucopia australis, 260; distri-
bution of, 261
Eucopiidse defined, 2G0
Eudora preoccupied, 305
Eudorella, emarginata, truncatnla,

305
Eudorellopsis, deformis, resima,

305
Eugerda globiceps, 382
Eukyphota, meaning of, 224 ; iso-

pods parasitic on, 410
Eumetor liriopides, 404
Eumiersia, synonym of Nemato-

carcinus, 249
Eumunida picta, 177
Euneognathia, new genus, gigas,

338
Eunephrops Bairdii, 202
Eupagurns, ICO ; Bemhardus, cu-

anensis, excavatus, Prideaux,

pubescens, sculpt imanus, 164 ;

isopods parasitic on, 409, 410,

411
Euphausia, luminosity of, 262;

pellucida, superba, 262



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INDEX



449



EUP

Enpliausiidse defined, 261

Euphylax, 71

EuplectelJaaspergillam, Cru'itacea
living in, 212, 349

Euprognatha rastellifera, abund-
ance of, 111

Eurycope, 384 ; gigantea, mutica,
sizes of, 29 ; comuta, gigantea,
mutica, phalangi'um, robusta,
385 ; comuta, parasite on, 401

Eurydice, 342; achatus, pulohra,
truncata, 344

Eurynome, 120; aspera, boleti-
fera, scutellata, tenuicornis, 121

Euryozius, a sub-genus, 63

Eurypanopeus, 6H

Earyrhenes gryllus, size and dis-
tribution of the Amphipod, 30

Eurytium, 66

Eutrichocheles modestus, 206

Evatya. 241

Evolution, the theory of, tested,
97 ; links in the chain of, 103 ;
exemplified in hermit-crabs,
164 ; bearing of parasites upon,
403

Eyes, 34, 35 ; of Omraatocarcinus,
92 ; of eatable shrimp, 225 ; of
Acanthephyra microphthalma,
243; of Eretmocaris, 255; of
Schizopoda, 265, 266, 268, 269,
273, 275 ; of the Squillidae, 279,
282 ; of the Edriophthalma, 291 ;
of the Cumacea, 292; of the
Apseudidse, 320; of the Sero-
lidae, 359

Bye-lash, 181

Eye-stalk, in the Podophthalma,
35 ; in Panulirus penicillatus,
197 ; in Polycheles, immovable,
200; in Willemoesia, rudimen-
tary, 201

Exopod, alias exopodite, exo-
gnathite, scale, acicle, outer
branch, 36, 39; sometimes
called the palp, 192

Exuviation, 84, 207



Fabbtoiub, J. C, condemnatioti
of Hill and Renard by, 162



GAM

Faro Isles, the, 118, 206

Faxon, Mr, W., on the English
crayfish, 207 ; on Cambarus and
Camharoides, 208, 209

Fiction, 25, 107, 162

Fiddler crabs, English, 66 ; Ameri-
can, 89, 91

Fish-lice, Copepoda known as, 17

F.'abeliifera, the tribe, defined, 3H0

Flabellum, or fan, of t»'e second
maxillae, 41 ; of the pleon, 46,
116, 330

Flagellum, or lash, of antennae,
35, 36, 37, 38 ; of an exopod,
192 ; alternative name for po-
dobranchia, 192

Food, Crustaceans used for, 12, 14,
26, 57, 65, 81, 95, 124, 158, 225,
229, 247. 282

Food of Crustaceans, 21, 25, 86,
94, 124, 151, 201, 248, 285, 316,
336, 342, 357

Fossettes, 51

Fraisse, Dr., on parasitic Crusta-
cea. 109, 402, 404

Fraudulent specimens, 107, 162

Freshwater Crustaceans, 13, 14,
17, 23, 28, 76, 207, 209,246,217,
257, 333, 356, 373, 376, 379, 389

Frog-crab, the, 143

* Front,' the, 52

Fulton, Dr., on Dajus mysidis. 399

Furcilia, larval stage of Euphau-
siidae, 266



Galathba, courage of, 15; swim-
ming powers of, 175 ; dispersa,
intermedia, nexa, squamifera,
strigosa, 175; digiti-distans.
magnifica, 176; gregaria, 177;
development of, 179

Galatheidae, bathymetrical range
of, 175

Galatheinea defined, 174

Galene, 93

G^mmaridea, size of, 30; pecu-
liarities in limbs of, 390; the
tribe, 436

Gammarus, pulex, 13, 23 ; littoral
species of, 16



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450



A HISTORY OF RECENT CRUSTACEA



GAS

Gastric region, 52

Gastroliths, 83

Gasirosaccus, 267, 277; sanctus,
spinifer, 277;Normani, 278

Gebia, synonym of Upogebia, 185

Gebios, 83rnonym of Upogebia, 185

Gecarcinidfe defined, 78

Gecarcinncus, 79

Gecarcinus, 79; carious particulars
of, 80 ; ruricola, 80 ; lagostoma,
84

Gecarcoidea, 79, 80

Gelasimus, 8S; arcuatus, 88, 89,
91; pugilator, vocans, 89;
minaz, 91

Genders of generic names, discus-
sion of, 75, 120

Genera, protest against multiply-
ing, 227; minute distinctions
of, 323 ; attempts at reduction
of, 360

Gennadas, bathymetrical range
of, 19; eyestalkof, 220

Geograpsus, 94

Geothelphusa, 76

Gerstaecker, Dr., work on Crus-
tacea by, 360

Geryon, quinquedens, eggs of, 62 ;
doubtful systematic place of,
93 ; tridens, luminous eyes of,
103

Gesner, on the habits of Pinno-
theres, 100; criticism of Aris-
totle by, 164

Giard, Professor, explanation of
* spurious females ' by, 109, 396

Giard and Bonnier, on Epicaridea,
392, 393, 396, 399, &c.

Gigantione Moebii, 414

Gigantostraca, the sub-class, 6;
rarity of, 10

Glaucothoe, 170 »

Globigerina ooze, species taken on,
201

Glossobius, synonym of Cerato-
thoa, 353, 354

Glyphocrangon, distribution of.



GRA

229; large eyes and powerful
telson of, 230 ; acules fcus, granu-
losis, rimapes, 230

Glyptonotus, antarcticu3,entomon,
372

Gnathia, marsupial arrangement
in, 300; cerina, formica, Hali-
daii, maxil'aris, 337 ; asciaferus,
bathybius, Danielii, gigas, 338

Gnathiidse defined, 335

Gnathophausia, ingens, size of,
28; gigas, Goliath, 29; cha-
racters of the genus, 258; cal-
carata, gracilis, gigas, ingens,
260

Gnathopods, 42

Gnathostoma,a sub-order of Cope-
poda, 10

Gomeza, 76

Gonatonotus, 246

Gonerichthus, larva of Gono-
dactylus, 290

Goniograpsns marmoratus, 94

Goniopsis, manners of, 98

Goniosoma cruciferum, synonym
of Chary bdis cruciatus, 70

Gonodactylus, falcatus, chiragra,
286

Gonoplax, alia* Goneplat, Gone-
plax, 91 ; angulata, rhomb' tides,
sinuatif rons, 92 ; rhomboides,
long-stalked eyes of, 35

Goodsir, Harry, eyes of Cumacea
described by, 292; on develop-
ment of Cumacea, 293

Gosse, P. H., on action of fiddler-
crabs, 66

Graeffe, Dr., on the toilette of the
Oxyrrhyncha, 112, 113

Grapsicepon, 412 ; Edwardsi,
Fritzii, messoris, 413

Grapsidse defined, 93

Grapsion, 405, 406 ; Cavolinii, 407

Grapsus, respiration of, 87, 97;
habits of, 94 ; maculatus, 93 ;
marmoratus, pictus, 94

Grass Crab, the, 75



* MX. Ghcvrenx and Bonvlcr have recently confirmed the opinion that the genxiM
GlancothoB represents only larval formi, and they argae that these belong rather to tli«
fiuuily PaguridaB than to the Parapaguridae.



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INDEX



451



GBB



HES



Greek, enigmas in, 234, 250,

253
Gribble, the, 367
Grimothea gregaria, doubtful

position of, 177
Gumey, Mr., observation of young

hermit-crabs by, 164
Gyge, branchialis, galathess, 412



Habits, of littoral crustaceans,
15: cirripedes, 17; Cancridae,
67 : of larval forms, 61 ; of Car-
cinus msnas, 65 ; Corystes cas-
sivelaunus, 73 ; Oajicer ruricola,
80; the calling crab, 8£; Pin-
notheres, 100 ; the O^rrhyncha,
112 ; Ranina, 142 ; ftirgus latro,
156; Hermit-crabs, 163; Squil-
lidae, 280, 285; Cumacea, 294,
299; Isopoda, 315; Cymothoa,
354

Hagen, Dr., on Cambarus, 208

Halicarcinus, 101; MathaBi, 102;
planatos, antarctic distribution
of, 102

Haiiophasma maculata, 332

Hansen, Dr. H. J., on flabellum
and joints of second maxillae,
41, 295 ; on Schizopoda, 268 ;
on the Cymothoidae, 339, &c.

Hans^iomysis, new generic name,
Fyllae, 268

Hapalogaster, 154

Ha-plocope, 325

Haplophthalmus, danicns, Mengii,
422

Haplopodinea defined, 253

Haplostylus, erythraeus, Normani,
278

Harger, Oscar, on Astacilla, 371 ;
on marine Isopoda of New Eng-
land, 375

Harponyx pranizoides, 355

Uaswell, Mr. W. A., on Elamene
Mathadi, 102 ; on Paratymolidae,
139 ; on Eisothistos vermif ormis,
335

Haswellia camea, 366

Haynes, F. H., Mr., specimens of
Fontonia received from, 241



Head, difficulty of defining a, 33

Heart, position of, 48 ; of Mala-
costraca, 50 ; in Euphausiidae,
262; in Stomatopoda, 279; in
Cumacea, 300 ; in Isopods gene-
rally, 317 ; in Isopoda chelifers^
319

Hectarthropidae, 254

Hectarthropus, meaning of, 254

Hedriophthalma, refinement upon
Edriophthalma, 8

Helice, * musical crest * in, 92

Heller, Dr. Camil, on the genus
Thelphusa, 77 ; proposes the term
loricata, 191 ; genera named
afrer, 425

Helleria brevicornis, 425

Helleriidae defined, 424

Helms, Mr. R., Phreatoicus austra-
lis found by, 389

Hemiarthrus, Cranchii, philonika,
typtonis, virbii,417; abdomina-
lis, 418

Hemilamprops, assimilis, cristata,
rosea, uniplicata, 309

Hemilepistus ruderalis, 4^

Hemioniscus balani, 404

Hemiplax, 93

Henderson, Dr. J. R , on bathy-
metrical range of Anomura, 19 ;
report on (Jhallenger Anomura
by, 134; on the habits of Zan^
clifer, 145; on Pagurids and
their dwellings, 169; on Uro-
ptychus, 178

Heusen, Dr. V., on the auditcHy
arrangements of Palinurus, 196 ;
of PalaBmonetes varians, 248

Hepatic lobes, 48 ; of Cyclome-
topa, 55; of Catometopa, 78;
of Oxyrrhyncha, 104 ; of Cumii-
cea, 300 ; of Isopoda, 317

Hepatus princeps, 127

Heracleoticus of Aristotle, identi-
fied with Thelphusa, 77

Herbst, J. F. W., 67, 72, 80, 135,
136, 145

Hermit Crabs, 147,163

Herring food, 263, 292

Hesse, Eugene, on habits of Cu-
macea, 299 ; on the sexes of



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452



A HISTORY OF RECEKT CRUSTACEA



HRT

Gnalhia, 337; on the Sphaero-

midae, 362
Hetairus, 234; difficulties in the

way of accepting, 235
Heterocarpus, ensifer, 238; carl-

natns, 239
Heterocrypta, Maltzani, Harionis,

122
Heterocama,SaTsii, var. grannlata,

304
Ifeteromysis, 267 ; formosa, 273
Heterophryxus appendicolatos,

400
Ueterotanais, 323; limicola, Or-

stedi, tenuis, 327
Hexapoda, alias Insect a, 3
Hexapus, explanation of the name,

102 ; relations of, 103
Hieroglyphics, pinna and crab in,

100
Hippa, 149; emeritus, talpoida,

150
HippidaB defined, 149
Hippinea defined, 149
Hippolyte, 234 ; Gaimardii, var-

ians, 235; Cranchii, fascigera,

Liljeborgi, Mitchelli, pandali-

formis, Prideauxiana, product a,

pnsiola, sccurifrons, spinus,

viridis. Whitei, 236; Thomp-

soni, 237
Hippolytidae defined, 233
Hoek. Dr. P. P. C, on Dajus my-

sidis, 399
Holothuriaphilus, 101
Homaridae, reason for discarding

the name, 201
Homarus, a synonym of Astacos,

201
Homola, barbata, Cuvieri, orienta-

lis, 137
Homolidae defined, 137
Homologenus, 138
Homolopsis preoccupied, 138
Horse-shoe Crab, 17
Hoyle, Mr. W. E., on larval stages

of Euphausiidae, 265
Huenia, curious derivation of, 107;

elongata, heraldica, proteus,

discussion of, 107, 109
Huxley, Professor, terms used by.



lOK

36 ; on the maxillary £an, 41 1
on ' palp * and * flagellum,' 192 ;
on branchiae of Nephrops, 202 ;
on Amurland Cray-fishes, 208

Hyas, 113; araneus, coarctatus,
small specimen of, 114; cnrioos
habits of, 114

Hyatt. Mr. Alpheus, Science
Guides by, 40

Hylaeocarcinus, 79, 80; Hnmei, 84

Hymenodora, 245

Hymenosoma orbiculare, 101

Hyperidea, tribe of Amphipoda,
436; specimens on jelly-fishes,
22 ; lai^ species of, 30

Hypoconcba, 135; sabulosa, ex-
amined by Herbst, 136

Hyssura, 331 ; prodncta, 333



lAis Hargeri, 378
lanthe, speciosa, Bovallii, 378
lantbopsis Bovallii, 378
lathrippa longicauda, 378
Ibaccus, mis-spelling of Ibaous,

193
Ibacus, incisns, verdi, 193
Icbthyophilus, siynonyiaof Nero-

cila, 351
Ichthyoxenus, Jellinghausii, mon-

tanus, 355
Icotopus, meaning of name, 254
Idotea, emarginata, lacustris,

linearis, marina, metallica,

pelagica, sexlineata, tricuspi-

data, 373 ; acuminata, appendi-

culata, longicaudatus, pa^lela,

prismatica, 374
Tdoteidae defined, 372
Ilyarachna, longicomis, qnadri*

spinosa, 386
Ilyoplax, 93
Inachidae defined, 104
Inachus, dorsettensis, doiynchns,

leptochirus, 106
Insecta, extent of class, at present^

3 ; formerly, 57
Insect, crab spoken of as an, 95
lolanthe, 378
lone, comutus, gebias, thoradena^

vicina, 414



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INDEX



453



IPH

Ipbinoe, 302; teDella, trisplnosa'

803
Isea Montagui, amphipod found

on Maia squinado, 22, 111
Isohinm, aliai ischiopodite, or

t^ird joint, sometioies called

the genu or knee, 43
Ischnosoma, bacillus, bacilloides,

bispinosum, qnadrispinosam,

spinosum, Thomsonl, 383
Isea, a doubtful genus, 184
Isocladus, armatus, spiniger, 364
lAOpoda, 8ubK>rder of Bdrioph-

thalma, 8 ; size attained by, 29 ;

sub-divisions of, 314; defined,

317
Ives, Mr. J. E., t^erm oruriped

proposed by, 44; on Hippa

emeritus, 150



J^BA, albifrons, Guemei, longi-

cornis, Nordmanni, 379
Jasropsis, brevicomis, marionis,

neo-zelanica, 379
Jamaica, Grass Crab of, 75 ; land

crabs, 80; Oyster Crab, 101;
• Mamma Shrimp, 145 ; Mother

Lobster, 192 ; isopod, 432
Jamna long^comis, 379
Janira, alta, maculosa, 377 ; abys-
. sicola, laciniata, longicauda,

spinosa, tricomis. 378
Japan, Crustacea of, 27 ; de Haan*s

work on, 44, 88. 95, 101, 102,

107, 125, 128, 144, 154, 421
Jasus, priority over Palinosytus of,

197
Jazea noctuma, 187
Jobert, M.,on breathing apparatus

of land crabs, 85
Johnson, Dr. 8amuel, on the lan-
guage of natural history, 5
Johnston, G., species of ^ga

named by, 349
Jonah's whale, fish fit to be, 222



Kbpon typus, 412
£ergneldn Island, Crustacea from,
243, 338, 358, 378, 380, 381, 386

83



LEP

King Crab, the, 27

Kirk, Mr. T. W., on Palinurus

tumidus, 27
Kolga, a fossil genus, 220
Krauss, Dr. P., on South-African

Crustacea, 69. 77, 86. 91. 98. 117
Kroyer, H., Chioncecetes opilio

figured by, 1 17 ; on the Cumacea,

292, 293
Kosciusko, Mount, isopod found

higli up on, 389



Labium, alias lower lip, 40
Labrum, aUtut upper lip, 40
Lady Crab, the British, 66; the

American, 67
Lady in the chair, the, picture of,

48
Lambrus. intermedins, macroche-

los, 121
LampropidaB defined, 308
Lamprops. 308 ; fa*ciata, fuscata,

quadriplicata, 309
Land Crabs. 14, 80
Lanocira Kroyeri, 346
Larval forms. 59, 60, 1 72, 178, 204,

221, 222, 265, 288, 335, 337, 402
Latin, specimen of scientific, 4 1 8
Latreille, nomenclature of Crus-
taceans by, 8, 9, 315
Latreillia. deceptive outward form

of, 137 ; elegans, valida, 137
LatreiUopsis bispinosa, 138
Latreutes, 234
Lazy Crab, the, 121
Leach, Dr. W. E., on the way to

take Cancer pagurus, 57 ; his

name for the Gulf- weed crab,

95 ; his name for the common

lobster, 203
Leachia preoccupied, 370
Iieacia, synonym of Astacilla, 370
Leander, 246 ; serratus, telson of,

46 ; Fabricii, Leachii, serratus,

squilla, 247
Leidya distorta, 412
Leiolophus clavimanus, 98
Leiopus leptodactylus, nnusual

maxillffi of, 321
Lepas, compared with Leucifer,



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A HISTORY OF RECENT CRUSTACEA



LEP

223; anatif era, size attained by»
31 ; fascicnlaris, larvae of, 206
LeponiscQs poll ici pedis, 405
Leptaspidia brevipes, curioiis habi-
tat of, 381
Leptochela, gracilis, robnsta, ser-

ratorbita, 252
Leptochelia, 323 ; algicola, dabia,
Bdwardsii, SavigDji,if26; iimi-
ooIa,327
Leptocama Einbergii, 304
LeptogDathia, 324; laticandata,

Lilljeborgl, rigida, 327
Leptomysis, 267 ; gracilis, ling-

vura, 274
Leptopodia sagittaria, 106 ; frau-
dulent use of, 107
Leptosoma preoccupied, 374
Leptosquilla, 281 ; Schmeltzii, 288
Leptostylis, 311 ; manca, last le.'S
deficient in, 298 ; producta, 311

Leptotrichus, pulcbellus, tauricus,

429
Lemsea abyssicola, a parasitic

copepod, 20
Lencifer, Reynaudii, eyes of, 35 ;

typus, 222 ; comparison of, with

Lepas, 223
Leucon nasica, 304
Leuconidss defined, 304
Leucosia, australiensis, pulcber-

rima, scabriuscula, splendida,

127; de Haan on respiratory

systeniof, 41, 142
Leucosiidss defined, 127
Leucosiidea, alias Oxystomata, 53
Leydig, Dr. Fr., on olfactory or-
gans, 37
Libinia emarginata, numbers of,

120
Ligia, cursor, dilatata, exotica,

oceanica, 421
Ligiidae defined, 420
Ligidium, h3^noram, melano-

cephala, paludicola, 421
Life, expenditure of, 395
Limbs, 33
Limnoria, lignorum, 367; segnis,

368
LinmoriidaB defined 367



LY8

Limulus, polyphemns, 17 ; moluc-

canus, 27 ; use of legs as man-
dibles by, 40
Links in the evolution of species,

66, 103, 137
Linnasus, the genus Cancer of, 57 ;

view of Pinnotheres held by,

100 ; the genus Oniscus of, 318 ;

Systema Naturas of, 437
Linschotten, on man-eating crabs,

26
Liriope preoccupied, 403
Liri< 'psis, monophthalma,pygnuea,

403
Lisp gnathus Thomson!, distri-
bution of, 110
Lissa chiragra, appearance and

habits of, HIS
Lithodes, camscbatica, 28 ; histrix,

Maia, 153; Agassizii, Murrayi,

154
Lithodidae, distribution of, 153
Lithodinea defined, 152
Liver, the, 48, 65, 78, 104, 300,

317
Livoneca, classification of, 352;

ovalis, Redmanni, 352
Lloyd, W. A., on behaviour of Eu-

pagurus, 164
Lobothorax, auritus, typus, 353
Lobster, the Norway, 202; the

common, 203; the American,

204 ; little, 371
Lomis dentata, 154
Lophogaster, typicus, 257, 259
Lophogastridae defined, 257
Lophoxanthus, 56
Loricata, alias Scyllaridea, 191
Lucasius, hirtus, myrmecophilus,

pallidus, pauper, tardus, 429
Lucifer preoccupied, 221
Luminosity of Crustacea, 103,244,

259, 262, 263, 265
Lyprobius, 431
Lyreidus, Bairdi, tridentatus, 144 ;

ill-defined orbits of, 145
Lysioerichthus, larva of Lysio*

squills, 290
Lysiosquilla, armata, 19, 281 ; ex-

cavatrix, maculata, scabricauda,

scolopendra, spinosa, 284 ; bur*



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INDEX



455



LT8

rowing procedure of ezcavatxiz,
285
Lysmata seticaudata, 229



liAOBOCiiBiBA Kampferi, great
size of, 27, 107

Macroc(Bloina,concaya, trispinosa,
119

Macromysis, sjnonyni of Praonus,
267, 271

Macrophthalmus, 92

Macropodia, 105, 113; longiros-
tris, rostratus, 105

Macropsis, 267, 272 ; SJabberi, re-
markable eyes of, 273

Macropus preoccupied, 105

Macrostylis, 382 ; lati&ons, spini-
gera, 383

M crura, the suborder, 8 ; defined,
146 ; tabular view of, 148

Msera, littoral specimens of the
amphipod, 16

Maia, 107, 111 ; squinado, charac-
ter and habits of, 22, 111 ; ver-
ruco?a, 112

MaiidsB defined, 111

Maiinea defined, 104

Maioidea, alias Oxyrrhyncha, 53

Malacostraca, the sub-class, im-
portance of, 6 ; the name of, 7 ;
dehned, 50

Mamma Shrimp, the West Indian,
145

Mancasellus, brachyurus, tenax,
377

Mandibles, 39 ; in Hippa talpoida,
151 ; in Paratanais, 323 ; in the
Gnathiidae, 336, 337

Marsupium, 45 ; in the Schizopoda,
256, 257, 260, 261, 267 ; in the
Cumacea, 298, 300; in the Iso-
poda, 319, 337, 339, 357, 370,
376, 393, 398, 405

Masked Crab, the, 53, 73

MastigobranchiaB, 197, 201

Mastigochirus quadrilobatus, 152

Mastigopus preoccupied, 152

Matuto, swimming and digging
powers of, 126 ; lunaris, victor,
126



MIL

Matutidao defined, 126

Maxillae, 41; of Lophogastridas,
259; of Cumacea, 295; of Iso-
poda chelifera, 318

Maxillipeds, 42; of Schizopoda,
266 ; of Squilla mantis, 282 ; of
Cumacea, 296 ; of Isopoda, 31d

Mayer, Dr. Paul, on development
and auditory apparatus of PalaB-
monetes varians, 248 ; on sexes
of the Cymothoidae, 350

Measurements, abuse of, 232 ; use
of, 289

Megalopa, larval stage of various
crabs, 61 ; of Hippa, 151

Meinert, Dr. F., on the Cymo-
thoidae, 351

Meinertia, new genus, imbricatus,
354

Meleagrina margaritifera. Pinno-
theres encysted in, 101

Melita, littoral species of the Am-
phipod, 16

Meningodora, 245

Mergui Archipelago, Crustacea of,
77

Merhippolyte, 234, 237

Merostomata, an order of extinct
Gigantostraca, 10

Merus, alias meropodite, thigh, or
fourth joint, 43

Mesarmadillo, Alluaudi, margina-
tus, tuberculatus, 435

Mesorhoea, 121

Mesostenus preoccupied, 386

Metanauplius, larval stage of Eu-
phausiidae, 266

Metaplax, 92

Metoponorthus, cingendus, meri-
dionalis, 428 ; Barroisi, pruino-
sus, 429

Microniscidse, 396

Microniscus, 396; calani, fnscus,
397

Miers, Mr. E. J., on Ethusina chal-
lengeri, 18 ; report on the Clial-
lenger Brachyura by, 55 ; on
genera near to Xantho, 56 ; on
Professor A. Milne-Edwards, 63

Miersia, 243

Miersiidae, why discarded, 243



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456



A HISTORY OF RECENT CRUSTACEA



MIL

Milne-Edwards, Professor Al-
phonae, definition of Crostacea
by, 4 ; on a species of Ozins, 63 ;
revision of Callianassidae by, 183

Hilne-Edwards, Profe sor Henri,
on development of Crustacea,
60; on the respiratory cavity of
Ranina scabra, 140; history of
Crustacea by, 437

Mimicry, by common shrimp and
isopoda, 16 ; by species of Ebalia,
21; Antilibinia, 117; Parthe-
nope, 121 ; Alpheus, 231 ; Eis >-
thistos, 335, 363; Phreatoicus,
389

Minute species, 29, 232, 255, 275,
308, 328, 356, 379, 380, 382, 383

Mitbrax, 120

Mocqnard, M. F., on struct ore of
the Crustacean stomach, 147

MoDaco, the Prince of, adventure
with the nipper crab, 68

Monocarpinea defined, 239

Montagu, Colonel, discovery of
Callianassa by, 183; of Upo-
gebia, 185 ; of a Cumacean, 292

Moresby, Captain, on the cocoanut
crab, 157

Mother Lobster, the, 192

Mouldering, 83

Mound of crabs, 112

Mountaineering Crustacea, in As-
cension Island, 14 ; in the Great
Andes, 14, 429; in Jap-«n, 14,
77; in Tasmania, 257; in Aus-
tralia, 389 ; in the Philippines,
416

Mouth-organs, 39

Miiller, Fritz, on olfactory organs,
37 ; on respiration in Ocypode,
86 ; on differences in land-crabs,
96; respiration of Aratus, 97;



Online LibraryThomas Roscoe Rede StebbingA history of crustacea: recent malascostraca → online text (page 39 of 41)