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Thomas William Beale.

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AF ORIENTAL

BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



AN ORIENTAL



BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY,



FOUNDED ON MATERIALS COLLECTED



BY THE LATE



THOMAS WILLIAM BEALE,

AUTHOll OF THE MIFTAH-UL-TAWARIKH.



A NEW EDITION REVISED AND ENLARGED



HENEY GEOEGE KEENE, CLE., M.A., Oxon,

FELLOW OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALCUTTA ;

AUTHOR OF The Fall of the Moghul Empire, etc.



LONDON :
W. H. ALLEN & CO., LIMITED,

lPubli)3l)cr0 to t\)Z 31nDia SDffice,
13, WATERLOO PLACE, S.W.

1894.






HEETFORD

I'HINTED HY STEl'lIEN AUSTIN AND SONS.



'l'^^\%^



PREFATORY NOTICE.



The substance of this Dictionary was collected by Mr. T. "W.
Beale, formerly a Clerk in the office of the Board of Eevenue,
N.W.P., at a time when the Secretary was Henry Myers Elliot,
afterwards well known as Sir H. M. Elliot, K.C.B. It is pro-
bable that, in preparing his extracts from the Muhammadan
Histories of India, Elliot availed himself of the aid of Mr.
Beale, of whose scholarship Prof. Dowson makes justly deserved
mention in the eighth volume of his valuable edition of Elliot's
work.* Mr. Beale died at Agra, at a very advanced age, in the
summer of 1875 ; having before his death expressed a wish that
I would see his MS. through the press, and reduce the trans-
literation into conformity with the system then recently adopted
by the Government of India, and founded (as I need hardly
observe) upon the system of Sir W. Jones.

Accordingly, on the 5th October of that year I laid the MS.
before Sir John Strachey, the then Lieut. -Governor, in a letter
from which the following is an extract : —

" This is no ordinary book. I have used it as a work of
reference for years : and have lately had an opportunity of
showing it to the eminent scholar Mr. E. B. Eastwick, C.B.,
who, I am authorised to say, concurs with me in thinking that
the Dictionary will be of unique value to oriental students."

Sir J. Strachey took up the subject with that enlightened
energy which always actuated him in dealing with the past
history of the country over whose administration he then pre-
sided. The MS. and copyright were acquired at the expense

* "The History of India, by its own Historians," Triibner aird Co., 1877.



yi PREFATORY NOTICE.

of Government; and it was nltimately resolved — in view of the
importance of the work and my own official occnpations — that
the editing should be entrusted to the Asiatic Society of Bengal.

The Society confided the labour of seeing the Dictionary
thi'ough the press to theii* Philological Secretary, Principal Bloch-
mann, of whose qualifications it would be presumptuous to say
more than that they have an oecumenical reputation. That dis-
tinguished man (of whom it has been observed by Count von
Noer that he united the enthusiasm of an artist to the most
patient accuracy of research*) undertook the task with his cha-
racteristic earnestness and ability. But unhappily for oriental
scholarship Mr. Blochmann's lamented death occurred before he
had completed the preparation of more than a few sheets; and
the duty ultimately reverted to the present Editor.

The substance, as already stated, is almost entirely Mr.
Beale's ; and I cannot close this notice more fitly than by giving
the following extract from the preface originally drafted by
himself : —

" In preparing a work of this nature, intended to be used
as a work of reference on matters connected with Oriental Ilis-
tory, it is proper to state that the greatest care has been taken
to ensure accuracy in the narrative, as also in the dates of births,
deaths, and other events recorded. . . . Various MSS. have been
collated whenever discrepancy was observed .... To remove
all doubt, chronograms indicating the dates with a certainty not
to be found by any other method and written when the events
were fresh in the minds of men, have been inserted, when
available."

I may, however, add that it has been judged expedient to omit
these chronograms, for the most part, in printing the book. In
the chapter of Mr. Dowson's book already cited, will be found
an account of this species of memoria iechnica. But it is chiefiy

* "Kaiser Akbar," Lcyden, 1880. [Since tlic above was written the illustrious author quoted
has himself died.]



PREFATORY NOTICE vii

interesting as macliinery for producing a certain result ; and
when the result has been produced is not of much more use
than the scaffolding of a building when the building is complete.

This notice may well terminate with a repetition of Mr.
Beale's guarantee of accuracy : and with an appeal to scholars
of larger leisure and opportunities for an indulgent treatment
of a work originated by a man who had never been in Europe
nor enjoyed the use of a complete Library. Mr. Beale had,
however, drawn up a list of more than thirty books in various
lansruaojes which had furnished him with materials. In addition
I have from time to time referred to the translation of the
Am AJihari and its invaluable notes by the late Mr. Bloch-
mann, of which the First Volume (never, alas, continued) was
published in Calcutta some years ago ; also to the works of
Garcin de Tassy and the Baron McG. de Slane.

One word more as to the inexhaustible subject of trans-
literation. The English, as is well-known, have three methods ;
the Haphazard (which indeed is no method at all) ; the Gil-
chiistian; and the popularised Jonesian introduced by the Go-
vernment of India under the inspiration of Sir "W. W. Hunter.
I^one of these is quite satisfactory. The French adopt a system
of their own, and so do the Germans. Mr. Beale had followed
an orthography, compounded of the two first-named elements,
which has been conformed to the third method in printing these
pages. The principle is, mainly, to accentuate the long vowels
and to express the other vowels by the English sounds in
"r«mm«nt" and "obey." G is always to be pronounced hard,
as in "^ive." For the convenience of Continental European
scholars the names have also been printed in the Persian
character : and it is hoped that no practical difficulty will
be experienced by those who may have occasion to use the
Dictionary.



ADVERTISEMENT TO SECOND EDITION.



This work has been carefully revised and mucli amplified:
and now appears, for the first time, as an English publication.
The fresh additions to Mr. Beale's matter are chiefly taken from
Ibn Khalikan and the works of Garcin de Tassy, with occasional
references to Blochmann, von Noer, and some historical books
by the Editor himself and other recent authors. It is still far
from complete ; but great pains have been taken to make it a
trustworthy and useful work of reference to students of Eastern
history. " The Imperial Gazetteer of India," 2nd edition, 188G,
has been consulted throughout.

It must be understood that Anglo-Indian lives have been
omitted : they will be found, in some instances from the pen
of the present Editor, in the Dictionary of National Biography :
to have included them here would have made the book too
bulky. Similarly, Chinese matter is excluded ; indeed, Sinology
forms a distinct department of research.



A



a'azz

A'azz-Uddin (j^^jJ^H J-c^), Prince,
secoud son of Sliilli 'Alain Bahadur Shall. He
was born on the 17th Zi-Qa'da lOT'l, and
appears to have died early.

A'azz - Uddin (^j_>aJ1 \.^\), son of
Mu'izz - nddiii Jahaudar Sliah, emperor of
Dehli. lie was blinded and imprisoned by
Farmkli-siyar. in the end of a.h. 1124.

AbaBakr(^^ bl), Mirza or Sultan,

the son of Shahrukh Mirza, the son of AmTr
Timur. He was murdered by order of his
brother Mirztl Ulugh Beg, a.d. 1448 (a.h.
852).

Aba Qaan or Abqa Khan or Abaqa

Khan {J\\i \i\ or ^\s^ UjI), a king

of Persia, of the tribe of Mughuls or Tartars,
and descendant of Chingiz Khan, succeeded
his father Hulukii Ivhau in February, a.d.
1265 (Rabi'-us-Sani, a.h. 663), and was
crowned on Friday the 19th June following
(3rd Eamazan). He was a prince who added
to the qualifications of courage and wisdom
those of moderation, clemency, and justice.
His ambassadors were introduced in 1274
to the ecclesiastical Synod at Lyons. He
proved a somewhat formidable neighboiu' to
the Christians who settled at Jerusalem. The
intrigues of his court embittered the latter
years of his reign ; and liis days wei'e believed
by many to have been shortened by poison
given to him by his minister Kliwaja Shams-
uddin Muhammad, which occasioned his death
on Wednesday the 1st April, a.d. 1282 (20th
Zil-hijja, A.H. 680), after a reign of 17 years
and some months. He had married the
daughter of Michael Palreologus, emperor of
Constantinople, who had been betrothed to
his father, but arrived at Maragba in Tabriz,
the seat of his government, after the death
of that prince. Aba IChan was succeeded
by his brother, N^ekodar Hian {q.v.), who
embraced Muhammadanism, and took the title
of Ahmad.

'Abbas {^jA^z), the son of 'Abd-ul-

Muttalib, and uncle of the prophet Muham-
mad. He at first opposed the ambitious
views of bis nephew, but when defeated in
the battle of Badr, he was reconciled to him,
warmly embraced his religion, and thanked
heaven for the prosperity and tlie grace which
he enjoyed as a Musalnian. He served the
cause of Muhammad at the battle of Huuain



'ABBA

by recalling his dismayed troops to the charge,
and inciting them boldly to rally round their
prophet, who was near expiring under the
scimitars of the Sakafites. He died on the
21st of February, a.d. 653 (17th Eajab, a.h.
32) ; and 100 hmar years after Abul- 'Abbas,
surnamed As Saffrdi, one of his descendants,
laid the f oimdation of the 'Abbasi or Abbaside
family of the Caliphs in Baghdad, which con-
tinued for 524 lunar years. The tomb of
'Abbas is in Madiua.

'Abbasa (^LjU^), a sister of Hariin-ur-

Rashid, the IvhalTfa of Baghdad, Avho bestowed
her hand on Ja'far Barraaki, his minister, on
condition that she abstained from the marriage
rights. The promise was forgotten, and the
husband's life was sacrificed by the tyrant,
and 'Abbasa was reduced to poverty. This
circiuustance took place in a.d. 803 (a.h.
187). There are still extant some Arabic
verses which beautifully celebrate her love
and her misfortunes. [&e Ja'far ul-BarmakT. ]

'Abbas 'All (^i-c (w-Ur), a physician,
and one of the Persian magi, who followed
the doctrines of Zoroaster. He wrote, a.d.
980, a book called Roi/al Work, at the request
of the son of the reigning Klialifa of Baghdad,
to whom it was dedicated. It was translated
into Latin by Stephen of Antioch in a.d.
1127.

'Abbas 'All ( Lc jw-Lc), Mirza, whose
poetical naine was Betab, the son of Xawab
Sayadat 'Ali Khan, son of Ghulam Muham-
mad Klian, the son of Faiz-ullah Ivhan,
Nawab of Eampiir in the 18th century.

'Abbas Bin-'Ali Shirwani (^ ^j-'^ - ^
jli .-ii X^), author of a history,

containing the narrative of Sher Shah the
Afghan, who drove Humayun from Hindii-
stan, A.D. 1539, and mounted the throne of
Dehli. This work was dedicated to the
emperor Akbar, and is called Tuhfa-i-Akhar-
shali't. The first part of this work was trans-
lated into Urdii by Mazbar 'Ali Khan in the
time of Lord Cornwallis, and is entitled
Turlkh-i-Sher &ha/il.

[Vide Dowson, EUioCsIIistory of India, iv.
p. 301.]

'Abbas Mirza {\ \^ i^^-^), a Persian
prince, son of Fath 'Ali Shah, was born in
1783. He died in 1833. His death was

1



''AWX:



'abdu



a great loss to his country, altliouj^li ho could
not prevent the encroachments of Eussia.
His eldest son, Muhammad Wirza, mounted
the throne in 1834, on tlie death of Path 'Aii,
iinder the united protection of England and
Kussia.

'AlDbas Mirza (\ ;^ ^^£), whose title

was Nawab Iqtidar-uddaula, was the author
of a Masnawi in Urdu verse, contaiuing
a history of Christ. He was living iu Luck-
now in a.d. 18i9, and was then about eighty
years of age.

♦Abbas (Shah) I. (iL^ ,^W-^)> s^r-

named the Great, and seventh king of Persia
of the Safawl family, was born ou Monday
the 29th of January,'A d. 1571 (1st Ramazan,
A.H. 978). He was proclaimed king of rirsia,
iu his sixteenth year, by the chiefs of Kjiurfi-
san, and took possession of the throne during
the lifetime of his father. Sultan Sikandar
Shah, suruamed Muhammad Kluulabauda,
A.D. 1588, (a.h. 996). He was the first
Avho made Isfahan the capital of Persia. IIo
:yas brave and active, and enlarged the Ijound-
aries of his dominicms. He took, conjoiutlv
with the English forces, in a.d. 1622, the
island of Ormuz, which had been in the
possession of the Portuguese for 122 years.
He reigned 44 lunar years, was contemporary
with Akbar and Jahangir, and died oil
Thursday the 8th of January, a.d. Ifi29
(24th Jumada I., a.h. 1038). His grandson
succeeded him and took the title of Shah
Safl.

[He was a bigoted ShT'a. In later histories
he is generally called ^U tmlzi ; vide Bloch-
mann's Atn Translation, i. pp. 445, 453.]

'Abbas (Shah) II. (^U ^l^ j^Lc),

great grandson of Shah 'Abbas I. succeeded
his father Shiih Sail on the throne of Persia
in the month of May, a.d. 1642 (Safar a.h.
1052), when he was scarcely ten years old.
Qandahur, which was lost by his father, was
recovered by this prince before he was six-
teen years of age. Shah Jahan made many
efforts to recover this city, but with no
success. He reigned 25 lunar years, and
was cut off by the lues venerea in his 34th
year, on the 26th August, a.d. 1666 (5th
Rabi'-ul-awwal, a.h. 1077). He was suc-
ceeded by his son Safl Jlirzu, who took the
title of Shah Sulaimrm. According to Char-
din, he died ou the 25th Septeml)er wliich
corresponds with the 5th Rabi'-us-Sfiui.
[Vide Orme's Hisio)ical Fragmeuts of the
Mogul Empire, p. 196.]

Abdal (J^jjI), sou of 'All Era, ruler
of Little Tibet during the reign of Shah
Jahan. He was ca])tured, and Adliam Klian
was appointed governor of Little Til)et.

[ Vide Dowson, Elliot s llistorg of India,
rii. p. 63.]



Abdal Chak (lJo- JUjO, uucle of

Yiisuf Klian Chak (last King of Kashmir,
who succumbed to the emperor Akbar).
[Vide^w Translation, i. p. 478.]

Abdali (^JLo^), tide Ahmad Shuh

Abdall. ^

Abdals, the Forty, hence called Chihil-
tduan. After Muhammad's death, the Earth
complained to God that she would henceforth
be no longer honored by prophets walking on
her surface. God promised that there should
always be on earth forty (or, according to
some, seventy-two) holy men, called Abduls,
for whose sake he would not destroy the
earth. The chief of the Forty is called
' Gliaus.'

Abdar Begam (^Cj^lj^.T), ouc of the
concubines of the emperor Akbar.

'Abdi (i^s^z), his proper uame is not

known. He is the author of the work called
3nrjami-i-Takii,ila, a translation of YaJi'Vs
Legends of Qadiriga saints into Persian verse,
completed iu a.d. 1641, a.h. 1051, under
Shah Jahan.

'Abdi of Tun i^^S^), a poet who had

a predilection for Masuawis, and is the author
of the Gaiihar-i Shah-tcar, which is in the
style of NizaniT's MakJtzan-nl-A.srar. He
came to celebrity iu Khurasan in a.d. 1545,
A.H. 950.

[/■(Vfc Kliwaja Zain-ul-'Alndiu 'Ali 'Abdi,
who appears to be the same person.]

'Abdi (^s^£), and Nawedi (^_v_'y),

vide Khwaja Zaiu-ul'-Abidin 'Ali 'Abdi.

Abdi (^-_v^\), author of a heroic poem

called Anicar-nUina in praise of Nawab
Anwar-uddiu Klian of tlie Kaniatik, in
which the exploits of Major Lawrence and
the first contests between the English aud
French in India are recorded with tolerable
accuracy.

[ Vide Abjadi.]

'Abdul-' Ali (Maulana) (^.UJl j^.^),

entitled Babrul-uliim (i.e., Tlie Sea of
Knowledge), the son of Mullil Nizam-uddTn
Sih.ili. He is the author of the Arkan Aria'
Tiqah'' and several other works. He died

A.D. 1811, A.H. 1226.

'Abdul-'Aziz bin 'Umar ( ' >;_.«!1 s^c
J "J

— 4^£ (j-^)> son of Umar (Omar), the

second Klialifa after ISIuhammad. He did
not succeed his father in the khilfifat. The
Muhammudans consider him a great lawyer.



'ABDU



'ABDU



'Abdul-'Aziz ( IjLstJl J^-), author of

the Tcirihh-iSusainl, continuing the Life
of the faraoiis Sack-uddlu jSIuhammad
Husaini Gcsu-Daraz, whose tomb is held
in the highest veneration at Kulbarga in
the Decca'u. This work was deiUeated to
Ahmad Shah Bahmaui in a.d. 144.5.

'Abdul - 'Aziz bin - Ahmad Dairini
(Shaikh) ( :._j^_'w>), au Arabian
author who thed a.d. 1294.

'Abdul-' Aziz Khan, vide AzTz.

'Abdul-'Aziz (Maulana Shah), son of

Shah "WaliuUah, a learned Musalman of
Dehli. Ho is the author of a Persian com-
mentary on the Quran, entitled Tafsir Fath-
til-'-Jziz, and several other works. His death
took plaee in June a.d. 1824 (7th Shawwal,
A.H. 1239).

'Abdul-'Aziz, emperor of Turkey, son
of Sultan Mahmud, succeeded his brother
Sultan 'Abdul-Majid on the 25th June, 1861,
A.H. 1277 ; deposed in 1875.

'Abdul-'Aziz (Shaikh) (^a^ jj J-^!^ -^t^),

of DehlT, a learned man who died in the time
of the emperor Akbar, a.d. 15G7, a.h. 975.
'Abdul-Qadir of Badaou found the chronogram
of his death in the following words — " Qutb-
i- Tariqat-numa . "

'Abdul-'Aziz (Shaikh) (;^^ ;j 'A\ s^z).

His poetical name was 'Izzat. He held a
mausab of 700 in the reign of Am-augzib, and
died'iu the year a.d. 1680, a.h. 1091. He
is the author of a poem called Saql-/iama.

[For a detailed biography vide the Maja'-
un-yafais.'\

'Abdul-Baqi (^JL»-!^ ^.-^), author of

the JIaasir-i-Iia/uini, or Memoirs of^Ahdxr-
Rahim KJian, Khan-Ehannn, and of all the
illustrious nobles, authors, and poets, who
resided at the coiu't of Akbar. He completed
his work iu a.d. 1616, a.h. 1025, and died
about the year a.d. 1642, a.h. 1052, iu the
reign of Shah Jahan.

[For further notes vide Dowson, Elliot''s
History of India, vi. 237.]

'Abdul - Baqi (Maulana). Ho was

a Sadr (or Judge) iu the beginuiug of
Akbar' s reign.

'Abdul Basit (Maulana) (L^Ul i>_^r

\j1y*), the son of Rustam All. He

wrote a commentary on the Quran which
he left incomplete. He also %vi-ote a work
called 'ylj/b-iil-Bai/an ft 'iili~im-il-Q>ira)i.
He died iu a.d. 1808, a.h. 1223.



'Abdul-Fattah ( L-_ft.n Ju-wi), author

of the Persian yfovk c?i\\e&Aurad-i-Ghausiya^
on Sufism, and of one entitled Jawa-hir-ul-
Kuyiiiat.

'Abdul-Ghaffar ( .LLAJ^ A.-.-^), -whose

full title is Shaikh NajnuulcUu 'Abdul-
Gliaffar ush-Shafi'i QazwinT, is the author
of the Hnicl, Fiqah, Luhab, and SJiarli
Lnbab. He died iu the year a.d. 1265,
a.h. 663.

'Abdul-Ghafur, of Labor (,^i.iSl s^

t_f ,»Jb\'), was an author and a pupil

of 'Abdiu - Kabman Jami. He died in the
year A.D. 1506, a.h. 912.

'Abdul-ahafur (Shah) (iU^^iiJl j.^),

commonly called Baba Kapiir, a saint Avhose
tomb is at Gwaliar. He was a native of
Kalpi, and a cHsciple of Shah Madar. He
died in the year a.d. 1571, a.h. 979.
[Yide A'U Translation, i. p. 539.]

'Abdul-Ghafur (Shaikh), of Azampur

in Sambhal, a pupil of 'Abdid Quddiis. He
died iu .\.h. 995.

'Abdul-Ghani (Mirza) ( ..:ot.ll X.^

\\.^, a native of Kashmir, wrote

under the name of Qabiil. He died in the
year a.d. 1726, a.h. 1139.
[nVeQabul.]

'Abdul -Haqq (Shaikh) (j.Jl S.^

'^•^ ^.i-Jjj), of Dehll, surnamcd

" Mubaddis," son of Saif-uddin, son of
Sa'd-uUah Turk. He was a descendant of
one of Amir Timur's followers, who had
remained at Dehli, after the return of the
conqueror to his native land. He is the
author of the Tarikh-i-llaqq) , which is more
frequently styled Tftr'kh-i-^ Abdul- Haqq,
compiled in the 42nd year of the emperor
Akbar's reign, a.d. 1596, a.h. 1005. He
went on a pilgrimage to Mecca and Madina,
where he dwelt for a long time, and -Nvrote
works upon mauv subjects — Commentaries,
Travels, Sufi Doctriues, Beligiou aud Histoiy,
and his different treatises amount altogether
to more than one hunch'ed. The best known
are the Madina Sakhia, Matla'-ul-Anwar,
Madarij-im-2<ubuivirat, Jazb-Hl-quhlb, Akh-
bar-iil-Akhyar, a book on the .saints. He
was born iu the mouth of January, a.d. 1551,
Muharrum, a.h. 958. In the year a.d. 1637,
although he was then nearly ninety years old,
he is said to have been in possession of his
faculties. He died in the year a.d. 1642, a.m.
1052, aged ninety- four lunar years; lies buried
on the bank of the liauz Shamsi iu Uehli, and



ABDU



ABDU



now holds a hijjh rank amnno; llie saints of
Ilindustaa. His sou Siifiikh Nfir-ul-IIaqq
is the author of the Zuhdi(t-ut-T<iwar'ikh.

[For further notes vide Dowson, H/llot's
History of India, vi. pp. 175, 483.]

'Abdul - Hakim of Siyalkot (a— -j^

A_-._k.sM) was a pupil of Maulana

of Kanial-uddin of Kashmir. lie wrote the
Hiishiija, or marf^'inal coiumeutarj-, on the
Tafah- Baizani, and a ITas/iii/a ou the
marjjinal notes of 'Abdul-Gliaffar. He died
in the year a.d. 1656, a.h. 1066.

'Abdul-Halim bin-Muhammad {s-^c

*-»i.sM), surnamed " Kanalizada," an

Arabian author, wlio died iu the year a d
15b9, A.H. 997.

'Abdul - Hamid, vide Ahmad IV, em-
peror of Turkey.

'Abdul - Hamid of Lahore was the

autlior of the rruIshah-tiuiwi-i-Shnhjnhani.

[Regarding this history, vide Dowson,
Elliot'' s History of India, vii. p. 3.]

'Abdul -Hasan (Kazi), author of an
Arabic work ou Jurisprudence called Ahlcam-
us-Si(Uam.

'Abdul-Hay (Mir) Sadr ( -Jl Jk_-._£

j-*.^ j>^.^), a learned man who wrote

a chronogram on the death of the emperor
Humayuu, and one on the accession of Akbar
in A.D. 1556, A.H. 963.

[Vide Ahi Translation i. p. 480.]

'Abdul-Jalil (Mir or Sayyid) (j._*_£
j^y^ ^■■t^jSJkji ^^A^\), of Bilgram

in Audh. He was a great scholar and an
elegant poet, and his poetical name was
WasitT. In a.d. 1699, a.h. 1111, he visited
the camp of Aurangzil) at Bijapur; and being
presented to that nionarch' by Mlrzfi 'AIT
Beg, the royal intelligencer^ obtained a
mansab and jaglr, Avith the joint offices of
Bayishi (l^^ymaster) and >fews- writer of
Gujrat ; from which place he was removed
to Bhakar in Siudh, with similar appoint-
ments. 'J'lirough some intrigues at court, he
was recalled from Bhakar in the reign of
Farrukh-siyar in a.d. 1714, ah. 1126, but
upon circumstances being explained, he was
restored in the most honourable manner, and
was at Icugth ])ermitted to officiates bv deputy,
whilst he himself nunaiued at Dehli until
a.d. 1721, A.H. 1133, when he resigned in
favour of his son, :Mir Savvid Mubliiiimad.
He was the sou of Savvid Ahmad of Bilgram,
was born on the 2nd June, ad. 1661 ; 13fh
fihawwal 1071, and died on Monday the 2Sth



December, a.d. 1724; 23rd RabbT' I. 1137;
aged 66 lunar years, and is huried at Bilgram
close to his father's tomb. He is the author
of several works, one of which contaiuing
letters written in Persian is called Adiih-ul-
Mtirsi/Jn.

[For a_ detailed biography, vide Azad's
Sarir-i-Azud, and the Tabsirat-ioi- Kazirln
by 'Abdul-Jalil's son.]

'Abdul -Qadir (Sultan) was the de-
scendant of a Marabaut family of the race of
Ilashim, who trace their pedigree to the
Khalifas of the lineage of Fatiraa. His
father died in 1 834. His public career began
at the time of the conquest of Algiers by
the French. In 1847, he was defeated and
surrendered himself, but was afterwards per-
mitted to reside in Constantinople. He died
in 1873.

'Abdul-Qadir bin-Abil-Wafa al-Misri
(Shaikh Muhiy-Uddin) (,jUJl s^r.



,.-'a!1






jj^.-*'^}\^\ ^x



author of the JaicaJiir-nl-Maziya fl Tahaqdt-
il Haiinjjya, a biographical dictionary giving
an account of the Hauafi lawyers, arranged
in alphabetical order. He died in a.d. 1373,
A.H. 775.

'Abdul-Qadir Badaoni (Shaikh) {s^z

'^^ ^y^SJ jjLiiJl) was the son of

Muluk Shah of Badaon and pupil of Shaikh
Mubarak of Nagor. He is the author of a
work called Muntakab-ut-Tawar>kh. He
was a very learned man, and was frequently
employed by the emperor Akbar to make
translations into Persian from the Arabic
and Sanskrit, as in the case of Mn\jani-ul-
Iii(ld(ui,Jaiiii-ur-Ras]iid>, and the Rdiiiriyan.
He also composed a moral and religious work,
entitled Najnt-tir-Rashid, and translated two
out of the eighteen Sections of the Maha-
Ihnrat, and made an abridgement of the
History of Kashmir in a.d. 1591, a.h. 999.
The year of his death is not known, but he
was living in a.d. 1596, a.h. 1004, in
which year he completed the Jll/aifafchab-nt-
Taivar'ikh. His poetical name was Qadiri.

[He died at Badaon, in 1004. For a
d(>tailed biography, vide Jour. As. »Sc., Bengal,
1869, pt. i. p. 118 ; and Dowson, v. p. 477.]

'Abdul-Qadir Suhrawardi ( .jUl^ j^.^^
^J,. .-^,-;), author of the work called

Adab-ul-Miirid.

'Abdul - Qadir Bedil (Mirza) (jk..^
\\j^ Jj^-..j ^.jUl^), a celebrated poet,

better knoAvu by his poetical name of Bedil or



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