Thomas Wright.

Dictionary of obsolete and provincial English : containing words from the English writers previous to the nineteenth century which are no longer in use, or are not used in the same sense. And words which are now used only in the provincial dialects (Volume 1) online

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Online LibraryThomas WrightDictionary of obsolete and provincial English : containing words from the English writers previous to the nineteenth century which are no longer in use, or are not used in the same sense. And words which are now used only in the provincial dialects (Volume 1) → online text (page 20 of 64)
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i-diht. Pistill of Susan, St. 1.

A.VENCE, . (A.-N.) The feast of


AVENE, (1) *. An ear of corn. Pr.

(2) adv. In the evening. Per-
haps a misprint for an-eve.
Hi sul him and elde folow,
Both atene and eke a-morw.

Reliq. Antiq., i, 194.

AVENG, pret. t. of avonge, for
afonge. (A.-S.) Took ; received.

He aneng dethes wounde, and wonder nas
yt none. Sob. Glove., p. 223.

AVENIMEU, part. p. Envenomed.
AVENOR, s. (A.-N.) The person

who, in the household of the
king, and of great barons, had
the care of the provender for the
horses. His duties are described
in the Book of Curtasye as fol-
lows :

The aveyner sclialle ordeyn provande good

For tho lordys horsis everychon ;

Thay scliyn have two cast of hay,

A pek of provande on a day ;

Every horse schalle so niuche have

At racke and manger that standes with
stave ;

A maystur of horsys a squver ther is,

Aveyner and ferour undur liym i-wys.

Those jomen that olde sadels schyn have,

That scliyn be last for knyjt and knave,

For yche a hors that ferroure schalle scho,

An halpeny on day he takes hym to :

Undur ben gromes and pages mony one,

That ben at wage everychone ;

Som at two pons on a day,

And som at iij. ob. I jou say;

Mony of hem fotemeu ther ben,

That rennen by the brydels of ladys schene.

AVENS, s. The plant herb benet.

AVENSONG, *. Evening.

AVENT, interj. Avaunt !

AVENTAILE, s. (A.-N.) The move-
able front to a helmet, but some-
times applied generally to the
whole front of the helmet.

AVENTE, v. (A.-N.) To open the
aventaile for the purpose of
breathing ; to admit air to.
And let hym bayte hym on the ground,
And aventid hym in that stound.

Torrent of Portugal, i, 1567.

AVENTERS, *. Chance. See Aun-

AVENTOUR, (1) v. To venture. See
(2) s. An adventurer.

AVENTRE, v. (Ital.) To throw a

Thenne this one knyght aventryd a
grete spere, and one of the x. knyghtes
encountred with hym, but this wofnl
knyght smote hym so hard that he felle
over his hors taylle.

Morte d' Arthur, i, 177.

AVENTROUS, *. An adventurer.

As dooth an heraud of armes
Whan acentrous cometh to iustei.

Piers PI., p. S70,




AVENTCRE, (1) *. Accident causing
death. A law term. It is the
generic term for chance in early
writers. See Aunter.
(2) adv. Perchanc^ See hunter.

AVENTCRLY, adv. Boldly.

AVER, *. (d.-N.) (1) A man's per-
sonal property.

(2) g. A work-horse, or other
beast employed in farming.

(3) adj. (conjectured to be the Ice-
landic apr.) Peevish. Northumb.

AVERAGE, 1 *. (A.-N.) Manley,
AVERISH, Jin his additions to
Cowell, says that in the North
of England this word is used for
the stubble or remainder of
straw and grass left in corn-
fields after the harvest is carried
in. Boucher gives it as a York-
shire word, meaning a course of
ploughing in rotation. Carr ex-
plains it " winter eatage."

AVER-CAKE, . An oat-cake.

AVERCORX, *. (1) Corn drawn to
the granary of the lord of the
manor by the working cattle, or
avers, of the tenants.
(2) A reserved rent in corn,
paid by farmers and tenants to
religious houses.

AVERE, s. Property. See Aver.

AVERIL, *. (A.-N.) April. A North
Country word. See the Popular
Rhymes, 6/c., of Scotland, by R.
Chambers, 8vo, Edinb., 1842,
p. 39, where the same form of
the word occurs in a rhyme
popular in Stirlingshire. It is
also an archaism.

Jtcril is meory, and hwgith the day ;
Ladies loven solas and play :
Swaynes, justes; knvghtis, turnay ;
Svngith the nyghtyngale, jfredeththeojay.
JT. Miiaunder, 1. 139.

AVERING, *. " When a begging
boy strips himself and goes
naked into a town with a fals
story of being cold, and stript,
to move compassion and get

better cloaths, this is call'd
avering, and to goe a avering."
Kennett, MS. Lansd.
AVERISH, *. The stubble and grass
left in corn fields after harvest.
North. See Average.

In these mouthes after the cornne bee
innede, it is meete to putt draughte
horsses and oxen into the anerish, and
so lonnge to continue there as the
roeate sufficeth, which will ease the
other pastures they went in before.

'Archaologia, xiii, 879.

AVERLAND, s. Land ploughed by
the tenants, with their cattle, or
avers, for the use of a monastery,
or of the lord of the soil. Cowell.

AVERODS, adj. Avaricious. Wick-
liffe renders Prov. i, 19, " of the
averous man that is gredy of
gain." See Avarous.

AVEROYNE, *. (A.-N.) The herb

AVERPENY, s. Average penny.
This word occurs in Rider's Die-
tionarie, 1640. According to
Cowell, it is money contributed
towards the king's averages ; and
Rastall gives the same explana-

AVERRAY, v. To aver ; to instruct.

AVERROXCATE, v.(Lat. averrunco.}
To root out, or extirpate; to

AVERRCNCATION, *. Extirpation.

AVERSATION, *. (Lot.) Aversion,
great dislike to.

This almost universal atersation of the
people had a natural influence upon
the representative, the Parliament.

WvUon'i Jama 1, 1653.

AVERSILVER, s. A custom or rent
so called, originating from the
cattle, or avers, of the tenants.

AVERST, adv. At the first.

AVERTY, adj. (A.-N. avertin.)
Mad; fiery.

The respons were redy that Philip did

thani here.
A knyght fulle overly gaf tham this an-

suere. Peter langtoft, p. 260,




AVEKY, (1) s. The place of stand-
ing for draught and work-horses.
This is Boucher's explanation of
the terra, which is frequently
met with in old writers. The
author of A New English Dic-
tionary, 1691, explains it, "the
place where oats are put for
horses," which is probably more
correct, haver being the term
for oats in the North of England.
(2) Every.

AVE-SCOT, *. A reckoning; an
account. Minsheu.

AVET, *. Weight.

And ys avet more bi six and thritti leed
pund'e, that beeth to hundred and sex-
tene wexpunde. Beliq. Antiq,, i, 70.

AVETROL, *. (A.-N.) A bastard.
Thou aretrol, thon foule wreche,
Here thou hast thyn endyng feched !

JT. Alisaunder, 1. 2693.

AVEYDE. Perhaps an error for

Taketh and eteth, thys hiis my body,
Of sothe he ham ateyde.

William <U Shoreham.

A VEXED, adj. Troubled ; vexed.

Also ye must se that she be not avexyd
nor grevyd with moche noyse, nor wyth
songe of men.
Book of St. Attans, ed. 1810, sig. B iv.

AVIDULOCS, adj. (Lat.) Rather

AVIEC, \v. To view. "lavewe,
AVEWE, J I take syght of a thing."

AVILE, v. (A.-N. avilir.) To de-

AVINTAINE, adv. (A.-N.) Speedily.

AVIROUN, prep. (A.-N.) Around.

Avis, *. (A.-N.) (1) Advice.

And right as the schipmen taken here
atys here, and governe hem be the lode
sterre, right so don schipmen bejonde
the parties, be the sterre of the soutbe,
the whicbe sterre apperethe not to us.
Mmndtrilc, ed. 1839, p. 180.

(2) Opinion.

A.VISE, v. (A.-N.) (1) To observe ;
to look at. Avisand, observing.

(2) To consider ; to advise with
one's self; to inform, or teach.

ADVISE, part. p. Circumspect.

Of werre and of bataile he was fulle arisf.
Langtoft, p. 188.

AVISELY, adv. Advisedly.

Over alle thinges ye sehal do youre
diligence to kepe youre persone, and to
warrastore youre house; and seydeu
also, that in this yow aughte for to
wirche fill avysily and with gret delibe-
racioun. Chaucer, T. of Melibeus.

AVISEMENT, *. Advice ; counsel.

AVISINESSE, s. Deliberation.

AVISIOUN, s. (A.-N.) A vision.
This word is of frequent occur-
rence in Chaucer, Robert of
Gloucester, and others.

And oure Lord defended hem that thei
scholde not telle that arisioun, til that
he were rysen from dethe to lyf.

Maundevile, ed. 1839, p. 1]4.

AVIST, adv. A-fishing. West.
AVITOUS, adj. (Lat. avitus.) Very

AVIVES, s. A disease in horses.

The horse having drunke much, or
watered verie quickly after his heat and
travaile, and upon it growing cold, and
not being walked, doth beget the atisfs,
which doe but little differ from the
disease called the king's-evill, because
as well in beasts as in man, the king's-
evill commeth of too much cooling of
water, the throat having beene heated,
whereupon the horse looseth his appe.
tite,to eat, and his rest likewise, and
his eares become cold.

Mai&ham, Conntrie Farme.

AVIZE. See Avise.

AVOCATE, v. (Lat. avoco.) To call
from ; to draw away.

AVOERY, *. (A.-N.) The right
of the founder of a house of
religion to the advowson or pa-
tronage thereof. These patrons
had, in some instances, the
sole nomination of the abbot or
prior, either by direct investi-
ture, or delivery of a pastoral
staff; or by immediate presenta-
tion to the diocesan ; or if a free
election were left to the religious




foundation, a licence for election
was first to be obtained from the
patron, and the election was to
be confirmed by him. Kennett.
AVOID, v. (A.-N.) To go, depart,
or retire ; to get out of the way.

Thou basest thing, avoid, hence from my

sight. Shakesp., Cym., i, 2.

Saw not a creature stirring, for all the

people were avoyded and withdrawen.


(2) The word is frequently used
by old writers, to signify the
removal of dishes from table.

Awoydet tho borde into tho flore,
Tase away tho trestes that ben so store.
Sake of Curtasye, p. 33.

His office to aroid the tables, in fair
and decent manner.

Q. Elizabeth's Progress.

(3) s. The act of avoiding.

And as well the servyse for the king
for all night, as the greete avuydes at
feastes, and the dayly drinkiuges be-
twixt meles iu the kings chaumbre for
Liber tiiger Domus Reg. Edvi. IV, p. 37.

AVOIDANCE, *. (A.-N.) Expulsion ;

AVOIDONS, *. In a general sense,
the vacancy of a benefice ; but
in some instances, the profits
during such a vacancy.

AVOIR, s. (A.-N.) Property. See

AVOIR-DE-PEISE, 1 s. (A.-N.) Ar-
AVOIRDEPOISE, J ticles of mer-
chandise that are sold by weight.
" It signifieth such merchandise
as are weighed by this weight,
and not by Troy weight." Cowell.

AVOKE, v. To revoke; to call

AVOKET, *. An advocate. Wyckliffe.

AVOLATION, *. (Lot.) A flying

Only indicate a moist and pluvious air,
which hinders the avolation of the light
and favillous particles, whereupon they
settle upon the snast .

Browne, Vulgar Errors.

AVONGE, v. To take. See Afonge.

AVORD, 0. To afford. West.

AVORE, prep. Before. West.

AVOREWARD, adv. At first ; before-
hand. Rob. Glow.

AVORN, adv. Before him. West.

AVORTH, adv. Forward.

AVOTE, adv. On foot. Rob. Glouc.

AVOUCH, "I *. (A.-N.) Proof;

AVOUCHMENT, J testimony.

AVOURE, s. Confession ; acknow-
ledgment. Spenser.

AVOURY, *. (A.-N.) An old law
term, nearly equivalent to justifi-

Therfore away with these atouries: let
God alone be our avowrye; what have
we do to runne nether or thether, but
onely to the Father of heaven ?

Latimer's Sermons, ed. 1571, f. 84.

AVOTJTRER, *. (A.-N.) An adulterer.
AVOUTRIE, s. (A.-N.) Adultery.
AVOWABLE, *. Allowable. This

word occurs in Rider's Diction-

arie, 1640.
Avow, (1) s. (A.-N.) A vow ; an


Myne avow make I.

Sobson's Romances, p. 61.
Thus he brak his arotce, that be to God had

suorn. Langtoft, p. 112.

AVOWE, v. (A.-N.) (1) To vow; to
make a vow. "Avowen, or make
avowe : Voveo." Prompt. Parv.
(2) To allow ; to pardon.
AVOWE, 8. (A.-N.) (1) A friend*,
an advocate.

And hendely they bysechith the
That thou beo heore avowe.

K. Alisaimder, 1. 3160.

(2) One who has the right of
presentation to a benefice. " He
to whom the right of advowson
of any church appertaineth, so
that he may present thereunto
in his own name." Cowell.

(3) Patronage.

Vor thoru atcwi of him, the sone bigan
that strif. Rob. Glouc., p. 477.

And so indured sir Robert Marmyon
and Somervyle as aninces of the howys
alle the tyrae of the lyve of William
the Bastarde. Jfunatt. Anylic.




AVOWBKY, *. (A.-N.'- (1) Patron-

age ; protection.

(2) Cognizance, badge, distinc-


AVOWSAL, *. A confession.
AVOWT, *. (A.-N.) A countenance.
AVOWTERY, s. Adultery.
AVOY, interj. (A.-N.) (1) A cry

used to call hounds out of cover.

(2) imp. t. Avoid ; leave ; quit.
AVRIL, s. April. North. See Averil.
AvRORE,ad/. Frozen. West.
AVURN, adj. Slovenly in dress.


AVVERMEYL, . Oatmeal. Yorksh.
AVYE, v. (A.-N.) To show the way.

Sir Arthure and Gawayne
Atyede theme bothene.

Morte Arthure.

AVYNET, *. A collection of fables,
so termed from Avienus, whose
fables were popular in the Middle
Ages, as from /Esop, an Esopet,

By the po feet is understande,
As I have lerned in Avynct.

Piers PI., p. 243.

AVYSSETH, adv. A-fishing.

A-day as he wery was, and a suoddrynge

hym nume,
And ys men wery y-wend avysteth, seyn

Cutbert to hym com. Rob. Glouc., p. 264.

Aw, (\) pron. I. Nor thumb.

(2) adv. Yes. Warw.

(3) adj. All. North.

(4) adv. All ; totally. Craven.

(5) pres. t. sing. Owe.

And sir, sho said, on al wise,
I aw the honor and servyse.

1'icaine and Gawin, 1. 720.

(6) For aw, although.

I could do uaa less ner mack boud to
esli him in tot' house, for aw it wor au a
clunter. Craven Dialogues, p. 299.

(7) Aw out, adv. Entirely.
AWAHTE, pret. t. (A.-S. awehte.)


AWAIT, s.(A.-N.) Watch; ambush.
AWAITE, v. (A.-N.) To watch ; to

attend upon.

And this sire Urre wold never goo from
sire Lauucelot, but lie and sir Gavayn
awayted evermore upon hym, and they
were in all the courte accounted for
good knyghtes. Morte d' Arthur, ii, 387.

AWATTER, s. An attendant ; a

Aw\K\o,part.p. Awake. Somerset.

Aw ANTING, adj. Deficient to; want-
ing to.

AWAPE, "1 v. (A.-S. perhaps con-
AWHAPE, J nected with wafian, to
be astonished or amazed, some-
times written wapean,&n&woffian,
to rave.) To confound ; to stu-
pefy ; to astound.

Theo noise of heom ask aped;
Al that ost was awaped.

K, Alisaunder, 1. 3673.

Ah my dear gossip, answerd then the ape,

Deeply do your sad words my wits awhape.

Spens., Mother Rub. Tale, 71.

AWARANTISE, adv. Assuredly.
AWARD, v. To ward off.
AWARE, (1) To be aware, to per-

As Robin Hood walked the forest along,

Some pastime for to "spy,
There he was aware of a jolly shepherd,

That on the ground did lie.

Robin Hood and the Shepherd.

(2) v. To prepare, or make room
for any one.

So lie led him to the chamber of pre-
sence, and ever and anon cryes out,
Aware, roome for me and my uncle !

Armin's Nest of Ninnies, 1608.

AWARIE, v. (A.-S. awyrian.) To

Theves, ye be ded, withouten lesinge,
Aviarid worth ye ichon.

Gy of Warwike, p. 166.

AWARN, v. To warn; to forewarn.
AWARPE, 1 v. (A.-S. aweorpan.)
AWEORPE, /To cause to bend; to
cast down.

Eld me awarpeth,
That mi schuldren scharpith,
And joutlie me hath let.

Reliq. Antiq., ii, 210.

AWARRANT, v. To warrant ; to




AWART, adv. Thrown on the back
and unable to rise. North.

AWASSHEN, part. p. Washed.

A-WATER, adv. On the water. Piers
PI. In the following passage it
seems to have somewhat the sense
of at sea.

But if he had broke his arme as wel as
iis legge, when he fell out of heaven
into I.emnos, either Apollo must hare
plaied the boue-setter, or every occupa-
tion beene layde a-water.

Gossan's Schoole of Abuse, 1579.

AWAY, *. (1) A way.

And shall departe his awayeivam thence
in peace.
Jeremy, chap. 43, Coverdale's Version.

(2) Past. "This month away."
AWAY WITH, v. To bear with ; to

endure ; to abide.
I may not attaye with youre new moones.
Isaiah, i, 13, Covtrdale's Version.
She could never away with me.

2 Hen. IV, iii, 2.

Of all nymphs i' the court I cannot away
with her. B. Jon., Cynth. Revels, iv, 5.

I, but I am an unfortunate ; for I neither
can give or take jests, neither can away
with strokes. Terence in English, 1641.

AWAY-GOING, s. Departure.

AWAY-THE-MARE. A popular song
of the sixteenth century, fre-
quently alluded to by writers of
that period.

Of no man ho tooke any care,
But song, heyho, away the mare,

The Fryer ana the Soy, ed. 1617.

Away the mare, quod Walls,
I set not a whitinge
By all their writing.

Doctour Doubble Ale.

AWAYTE, . A spying. See Await.

AWAYWARD, adv. Going away;

AWBELL, *. A kind of tree, but in
consequence of the manner in
which the word is explained in
the Prompt. Parv., it is difficult
to state the exact species. "Aw-
bellor ebeltre: Ebenus, viburnus."
It probably means the abele, or

white poplar, which is called

ebbel in the Eastern Counties.
AWBLAST, . An arbalest.
AwcTE,jre/. t. Possessed.
AWD, adj. Old. North.
AWDRIES-DAY, *. St. ^theldrytha'i

AWE", v. (1) (A.-S.) To be bound

by duty. / awe, I ought.

And the archebysschoppe of Cawnter-
bury, the erle* of Essex, the lorde
Barnesse. and suclie other as awyde
kynge Edwarde good wylle, as welle in
Londone as in othere places, made as
many menne as thei myghte in strength-
ynge the seide kynge Edwarde.

WarlcwortVs Chron.

(2) To own ; to possess ; to owe.

(3) *. (A.-S.) An ewe.

Awe bleteth after lornb,
Lhouth al'ter calve <;u.

Kit son's Ancient Songs, i, 11.

(4) i. (A.-S. oga, fear.) Doubt ;
fear. "Awe or doute : Dubium,
Ambiguum." Prompt. Parv.

(5) P. To awe ; to make afraid.
AWEALDE, v. (A.-S.) To govern.
AwEARiED,^ar/.j9. Wearied; tired.
AWEBAND,*. A reprimand; a check

upon any one.

AWECCHE, v. (A.-S. aweccan.) To

O frere ther wes among,

Of here slep hem shulde aiftcc/ie.

Eeliq. Antig., ii, 278.

AWEDDE, adj. (A.-S. ) Mad.

Wives ther lay on child bcdde,
Sum ded, and sum awedde.

Orfeo, \. 362, MS. Avck.

AWEDE, v. (A.-S.) To become

He rod agayn as tyd,
And Lybeaus so he smyt,
As man that wold avede.

Lyt. Discon., 1. 957.

AWEIGHTTE, pret. t. (A.-S.)

The kyng swoghened for that wounde,
And hastilich hymself meeightte,
And the launce out pleightte,
And lepe on fote with swerd of steel,
And gan bym were swithe wel.

. Alisaunder, 5858.




AWEINYD, par. p. Weaned.

AWELDE, v. (A.-S.) To govern ; to

AWEN, adj. (A.-S.) Own.

AWENDEN, pret. Thought.

AWER, g. An hour. Lane.

AWESOME, adj. (1) Respectful; re-
specting one another.

I see they are wise and witty, in due
place awtome, loving; one the other.

Terence in English, 1641.

(2) Appalling; awful. North.
AWET, v. (A.-S.) To know.

Be mey home we schall awet
Yeff Boben Hode he nerhande.

Robin Hood, i, 93.

AWEYWARD, "I adv. (A.-S.) A-
AWEYWARDES, / way. See Away-

Tlios we beth al aweyward,
That schold her byleve.

William de Shoreham.

To winne hem alle aweiwardes fro the white
beres. William and the Werwolf, p. 79.

Awr, *. (1) An elf. North.
(2) An idiot ; a fool. North.

AWFIN, *. One of the pieces in the
game of chess. " Awfyn of the
cheker, alfinus." Prompt. Part.
See Alfyn.

AWFRYKE, *. Africa.

AWFUL, adj. (1) Obedient ; under
due awe of authority. Shakesp.
(2) Fearful ; fearing.

AWGHT, pret. t. Ought.

AWGHTEND, adj. The eighth.

AWGRYM, *. Arithmetic. See

AWHAPE, v. To confound ; to ren-
der stupid hy fear. See Awape.

A wild and salvage man :

Yet was no man, but only like in shape,

And eke in stature higher by a span,

All over-grown with hair that could awhape

An hardy heart. Spent,. F. Q., IV, vii, 5.

AWHARF, adv. (A.-S.) Whirled

And wyth qnettyng a-wharf, er he wolde
lyjt. Syr dfawayne, p. 82.

AWHEELS, adv. On wheels.
AWHERE, adv. Anywhere.

Fer yf my foot wolde awher goo.

Goicer, .VS.

I knowe ynough of this matter, Pam-
phagus, not thither awhere but richc.

Acolastus, 1540.

AWHEYNTE, v. To acquaint.
AWHILE, (1) con/. Awhilst.

(2) v. To have time. Var. dial.
AWHOLE, adv. Whole ; entire.


AWILLE, v. To will.
AWINNE, v. To win ; to gain ; to

accomplish a purpose.

Wyth sorwthe ofherte and schryft of


Doth deedbote this tyme nouth,
jif je wolle God atcvnne.

Jteliq.Antiq., ii, 243.

AWIRGUD, part. p. (1) Accursed.

(2) Strangled.
AWITE, 0. (A.-S.) To accuse.

Be not to hasty on brede for to bite,
Of gredynes lest men the wolde atcite.

Reliq. Antiq., i, 157.

AWITH, pres. t. of awe. Ought.

And if the prest sacre Crist wan he
blessith the sacrament of God in the
auter, awith he not to blessith the peple
that dredith not to sacre Crist ?

Apology -fur the Lollards, p. 30.

AWKE, adj. (1) Transverse; cross;
oblique. "J'jf^e, or wrong: Sinis-
ter." Prompt. P.

Thenne groned that knyght and ad-
dressyd hym to syre Gawuyn, and with
an aiclee stroke gaf hym a grete wound
and kytte a vayne. Kyng Arthur, i, 148.

(2) Angry ; ill-natured. " Awke,
or angry : Contrarius, bilosus."
Prompt. P.

AWKELY, adv. Ill-naturedly.

AWK-END, *. The end of a rod,
wand, or pole, which is not that
used for the purpose for which
the instrument was made.

AWKERT, adj. (1) Perverse. Lane.
Awkertly, foolishly.

The dickons tey thee, Meary ! whot on
airkcrt wliean ar teau ! whot ten pleague
did t' flay meh o thiss'n for?

Tim Bobbin, p. 35.

(2) Stubborn, obstinate. North.




AwKWARDE,a<fo. Backward. Awk-
ward occurs in a similar sense
in Shakespeare.

AWL, adj. All. My awls, my

AWLATE, v. (A.-S.) To disgust.

Vor the king was somdel awlated, and to
grct despit it nom. Bob. Glouc., p. 485.

AWLDE, adj. Old.
AWLESSE, adj. Fearless.
The greater strokes, the fiercer was the
monster's awlesse fight.

Warner's Albion's England, 1592.

AwLUNG,/7rep. All along ; entirely

owing to. Awlung o', all along

of. North.

AWLUS, adv. Always. Lane.
AWM, (1) s. A measure of Rhenish

wine, containing forty gallons.

(2) I am. North.
AW-MACKS, s. All sorts, or kinds.


AWMBKR, "I s. (medieval Lot. am-
AWMYR, ] bra.) A liquid mea-
sure ; a kind of wine vessel.
AWMBRERE, s. An almoner.

Prompt. P.
AWME, (1) v. (A.-N. esmer.) To

guess ; to aim.

(2) s. A suspicion.
AWMNERE, s. (A.-N.) An almoner.

His duties are thus set out in the

Boke of Curtasye:

The awmnere by this hathe sayde grace,
And the almes-dysshe hase sett in place ;
Ther in the kerver alofte schalle sette ;
To serve God fyrst, withouten lette,
These otlier lores he pavys aboute,
Lays hit myd dysshe, withouten doute.
The smalle lofe he cuttes even in twynne,
Tho over dole in two lays to hym.
The aumenere a rod schalle have in honde,
As office for alines, y undurstonde ;
Alle the broken-met he kepys, y wate,
To dele to pore men at the 3ate,
And drynke thatleves served in halle,
Of ryche and pore, bothe grete and smalle;
He is sworne to overse the servis wele,
And dele it to the pore every dele ;
Selver he deles rydand by way,
And his almys-dysshe, as I jou say,
To the porest man that lie can fynde,
Other allys, I wot, he is unkynde.

AWMOSS, *. pi. Alms. Thoresby

gives this form of the word in hit
letter to Ray, 1703.

AWMRY, . A pantry. North. See

AWN, (1) v. To own ; to acknow-
ledge. North.

(2) To own ; to possess. North.

(3) To visit. Yorksh.

(4) adj. Own.

As fyrste, the xv. of alle there goodos,
and thaiine ane holexv., at yett at every
batell to come ferre oute there countreis
at ther awiie coste.

Warlcworth's Chron.

AWN'D, part. p. Ordained. Yorfcsh.

I am awn'd to ill. luck, i. e., it is

my peculiar destiny.
AWNDERNE,*. An andiron. Prompt.

AWNE, s. The beard of corn ; the

arista of Linnaeus. North.
AWNER, s. (1) A possessor; an

owner. North.

(2) An altar.

AWN-SELL, s. Own-self. North.
AWNTURS, *. Adventurous. See

AWONDER, v. (1) To surprise; to


He was wijtliche avooniered,
And gan to wepe sore.

William and the Werwolf, p. 12.

(2) To marvel.

Heo awundrede swithe.

MS. Reg., 17 A xxvii, f. 62.

AWORK, adv. On work ; at work.

I'll set his burning nose once more aworic
To smell where I remov'd it.

B. Jon., Case is Alter'd, ii, 5.
Will your grace set him aworic ?

Bird in a Cage, i, 1.

AWORTHE, adv. Worthily.
AwR,joron. Our. North.
AWREKE, v. (A.-S.) To avenge, or
be revenged of. Pret. t. awrake.

Fort ich have after jou i-sent,
To avireke me thorouj jugement.
Now je witen how hit is agon,
Awreke me swithe of mi fon.

Florice and Blanchefl., 1. 679.

Awreke, part. p. Revenged.




He suor he wold awrekc be of hys brother
Roberd. Rob. Glouc , p. 388.


AWRITTEN, part. p. Written.
AWRO, adj. Any.

Is ther fallen any affray
In land awro where ?

Toicneley Mysteries, p, 273.

AWROKEN, part. p. of awreke.

AWROTHE, v. (A.-S.) To make

AWRUDDY, adv. Already. North.

AWS-BONES, . " Ox-bones, or
bones of the legs of cows or oxen,

Online LibraryThomas WrightDictionary of obsolete and provincial English : containing words from the English writers previous to the nineteenth century which are no longer in use, or are not used in the same sense. And words which are now used only in the provincial dialects (Volume 1) → online text (page 20 of 64)