The History of Thucydides. Newly tr. into English...with very copious annotations...Prefixed, is an entirely new life of Thucydides: with a memoir of the state of Greece, civil & military, at the beginning of the Peloponnesian war online

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Online LibraryThucydidesThe History of Thucydides. Newly tr. into English...with very copious annotations...Prefixed, is an entirely new life of Thucydides: with a memoir of the state of Greece, civil & military, at the beginning of the Peloponnesian war → online text (page 53 of 59)
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Acamanians, i. 18. Formerly worn throughout GrMoe, IS. Worn by
early Greeks and Baifaariant at their cuitomary avocations, 18 ; by the
ancient GalU and modem Poles at council, 18, n. First laid aade t^ the
Athenians, 19. Worn by Circassian husbandmen at labour, 19, n. Im-
provements in, by the Carians, 24, n. Buried with warriors by the
Asiatics and Americans, 25, n. Laceidaemonians celebrated for the manu-
facture of, 151, n.

— Why the Lacedaemonians preferred thoee for close fight, ii. 252, n. For
close fight accounted roost honourable, 262, n. CeMation of, proclaimed
before each Olympic festival, 491, n.

Armyt Lacedagmonian, officers of, ii. 517. Order of Lacedatmonian, at the
battle of Mantinaea, 517. Order of Argive, at the battle of Mantinsa,
519. Number of Lacedaemonian, at Maniinaaa, 521. Pushes out to the
right wing, why, 524.

ArfUB, etymology, ii. S60, n>

Ame, the Bosodans expelled Arom, by the Thessalians, i. 35.

— > Ancient name of ChaBronasa, ii. 314, n.

Arrhibmut »on of BromenUf ii. 324. His lineage, 325, n. Expedition of Bra-
sidas and Perdiccas against, 395 — 405.

Arrogance frequent amongst isolated nations, iL 204, n.

Arrow, saying of a Spartan regarding, ii. 262.

Artace$ murders some Delians at Atramyttion, iii. 379.

Artabtuaa son ofPharnaces sent by Xerxes to treat with Fausaniaa, i. 231.

ArtaphemeSf a Persian ambassador to Lacedamon, apprehended by Aristides
and sent to Athens, ii 277. His letters read, and himself sent to Ephesus,

Arta$ furnishes darters to Demosthenes, iii. 1 94.

Artaxerres tries to bribe the Peloponnesians to invade Attica, but fails, 1. 196.
Sends forces to Egypt, which reduce it, 197. Letters of Themistocles to
him, 251. Receives him, 253 ; and assigns him three cities, 257.

Artemis, Tissaphemes offers sacrifice to, iiL 380, and note.

Arts, what is new in them most esteemed, L 134, n.

Artyrup, who designated by, ii. 488, n.

Arlifiee of Themistocles to forward the building of die walls of Athens, L 163.
Of suppliants at Athens to retain religious protection, 227, n. Of the Lace-
daamonians to procure the exile of Pericles, 228. Of the ephon to discover
the guilt of Pausaniasy 289. Of Hannibal to bring Fabius into disrqpute,
305, n.

— Of Demosthenes at Olpas, ii. 187. Infamous, of the Corcyrean democrats,

273. Infamous, of the Lacedaamonians against the Helots, 322. Of
Alcibiades against the Lacedasoionian ambaassdori, 433. Of the wives of
the Melians to liberate their husbands, 542, n.

— Of the Egestaaans to persuade the Athenians that they were wealthy, iii. 81.
Adne, its site, ii. 218. n.

Aiopitu son of Phormio ravages Laconia, iL 13. Shun at Nericus, IS.

Aspada, funeral oration said to have been written for Pericles by her, i. 36a n.

Aspendus, etymology and site, iii. 355.

Aqthodei, said by Pausanias to abound in the Oaolian territory, ii. 175, a.

Asses, AchamsB ^unous for its breed of, i. 832, n.

Assinarus, its waters discoloured with the blood of the Athenians butchered in,

iii. 261. Nidas surrenders at, 261.
Assyrian Language, Persian letters written in, ii. 277. Coi\jectores regaiding,

277, n.
AsUuus, its site, i. 351, n.
Astrvnomy, ignorance of the ancients in, i. 347, n.
Asiyoehus, arrives at Chios, iii. 289. Suls for Lesbos, but hearing of the taking

of Mytilene desists, 289. Brings over Eressus to revolt, 289. Returaa

to Chios, 290. Attacks Pteleum and Clasomen» without su c c ess, 299.

Driven by storm into Cyme, 299. His narrow escape from the AtheoiMi

fleet, 301. Arrives at Miletus, 302. Refuses to assist the Cbians, 304.

Sacks Cos Mtropi% 307. Defeato the Athenian fleet, 308. Beturas If

Digitized by



Cnidufly S08. His baseness with regard to Phrynidms, 319. Cowardlj,
S3]» n. Murmurings of the soldiers against, 846 and 851. Attacked by
his troops takes refuge at an altar, 352. Superseded, 35i»

Asylum, attached to a temple, mode of constructing, ii. 443, n.

Atalanle^ inundation at, from earthquake, ii. 158. Site, 448, n.

AthetuntSt witty epigram of, iii. 312, n.

At/ienagoras the Syractaan^ a factious partisan, ii. 290, n.

— His speech on the proq>ect of an Athenian invasion, iii. 69 — 74

AthenUau, the first to cease wearing arms, i. 19. Colonise Ionia and most of the
islands, 36. Induced by Themistodes to improve their navy during the war
with the ^gineta, 4a On the approach of the Medes, embarked with their
moTables on board their ships, 145. Acquired military skill Arom fipequent
wars, 46. Their mode of goreming their allies, 47. Corcyreans solicit
their alliance, 71 ; and are opposed by the Corinthians, 71. Enter into a
defensive alliance with the Corcyreans, 95. Send ships to their aid, 96.
Require the Potidaeans to demolish the Pallenian wall and send hostages,
113; which they order Archestratus to effect with the armament agtinst
Perdiccas, 114. Defeat the PoUda»ans, 12a Their character, isa How
they attained to the administration of affiiirs, 161. After the taking of
Sestos, return home, 162. Allies alarmed by the greatness of their navy,
163. The Greeks, incensed by the insolence of Pausanias, request them to
become their leaders, 171. Obtain the supreme command, 173. Tax the
allies, 173. Establish Hellenotamias, 173. Take Eion on the Strymon,
175. Carry away captive the inhabitants of Scyrus, and colonise it them-
selves, 175. Force the Carystians to yield on conditions, 176. Reduce the
Naxians, 176. Their rigorous exactions cause revolts, 176. Obtain naval
strength at the expense of their allies, 178. Thasians revolt from them,
178 ; and are defeated, 179. Colony sent by them to Amphipolu cut
off by the Thradans, 170. Force the Thasians to surrender, 18a Assist
the Lacedsemonians against Ithome, 182. Dismissed thence on suspicion,
183. Renounce the alliance of the Lacednmonians, 183; and join the
Argives and Thesaalians, 183. Settle the Helots at Naupactqs, 184^
Occupy Megara and Pegss, 185. Assist Psanmieticus, governor of Egypt^
1 86. Defeated by the Corinthians off Halias, 187. Beat the Peloponnesiana
of Cecryphaleia, 187. Defeat the ^ginet» off iEgina, and besiege the
dtj, 188. Defeat the Corinthians at Megara, 189. Begin to build the
long walls, 190. Defeated by the LAcedsBmoniaus at Tanagra, 193. Make
themselves masters of Bceotia, 193. Finish their long walls, 1 94. Force
the .ffiginets to capitukite, 194. Bum Gythium, 195. Take Chakis, 195.
Defeat the Sicyonians, 196. Driven out of £mt by the Persians, 197.
Their fleet destttiyed off Mendesium, 199. FaU in the attempt to restore
Orestes, 200. Dief^t the Sicyonians, 20a Besiege CBniadsB unsuccess-
fully, 201. Conclude a truce with the Peloponnesians, 202. Send an
expedition against Cyprus, 202; which u censured by Sir W. Raleigh,
defended by Mitford, its true cause assigned by Plutarch, 202, n. Defeat
the Phoenicians and Cilidans, 202. Take the temple at Delphi and deliver
it to the Phodans, 203. Attack the BoM>tian exiles at Cba»ronffa and take
the d^, 203. Defeated at Coronea and driven out of Bootia, 203. Subdue
Euboea, which had revolted, 205. Make the thirty years' truce with the
Peloponnesians, 205. Send an expedition to Samos, 207; which they
reduce^ 210. Reduce the revolted Byiantine% 210. Requve the Laoe-
dasmonians to purge the pollution of Tienarus, 229; and of the temple
of Minerva Chaldoecus, 229. Expel Pausanias frmn Byiantium, 234.
Their final reply to the lAcedsnnonians^ 274. Garrison Platsa, 288.
Prepare for the war, 289. Greeks in general inimical to them, 295. List
of thdr confederates, 297. Remove into the dty, 316. Extent of their
preparations, 307. From what their revenue was derived, 307. Food of
living in the country, 317. Country population occupy the temples and
diapids, and the Pelasgium, 324; and the long walls, 326. Their country
ravaged by the Pdoponnesians, 329. Send a fleet to cruise round Pdo-
ponaesusy 387. Ravage the coast, 341. Send a fleet to Locrts^ which
F F 3

Digitized by


440 (}Ef}£RAL INDEJC.

ravages th^ coast, 345. Expel the JEginetfe, 345 ; and colonise the island,
846; Ravage Megara, 353. Solemnise a public funeral for theae who had
first fallen in the war, 354 ; peculiar to tliem, 355, n. Children of the
slain educated at the public cost, 397, n. Pestilence, 398. Defeated by
the Thradans, 482. Fleet under Phormio defeats tlie Feloponnetians, 401.

— Lestiians revolt from them, ii. 1. Send a fleet against the Mjtileniaiis, 6.
Blockade Mytil^e, 12. Ravage the Laconian coast, 13. 25. llieir fine
navy, 26 ; which, with the siege of Potidiea, exhausts the treasury for the
first time, 27, 28. Send Pac^ with an army against Mytilene, 29. Raise
contributions amongst themselves and allies, 30. Gather the Colophonians,
and settle them at Notium, 52. Their murderous decree against the Myti-
lenians, 53 ; seised with compunction, 54 ; convene an assembly to recon^
aider it, 55 ; Cleon defends it, 55—69 ; Diodotus opposes it, 69-^5 ; re-
scinded, 86. Their instability, 56, n. Their orators accountable for their
advice, 74, n. Partition the lands of the Lesbians, 90 ; and take possession
of their continental towns, 91 . Seise Minoa, 92 ; and garrison it, 99. Their
government under Pericles a practical aristocracy, 112, n. Expedition to
Sicily, 154. Second pestilence, 155. Ravage the islands of iEolus, 156*
Send a fleet to cruise round Peloponnesus, 159. Expedition to Melus, 160.
Invade iEtolia, 166; defeated, 171. Defieated at Inessa, 177. Purify
Delos, 178. Send a fleet to Sicily, 198. Military rank terminated with
the time specified, 199, n. Fortify Pylns, 202. Refuse peace to the Lace-
dzemonians, 232. Defeat the Syracusans in the Stiaiu of Messene, 236.
Appoint ten generab annually, 244, n. Celebrated in sea fight, 252, n.
Invade the Corinthian territory, 264 ; defeat the Corinthians, 268 ; ra-
vage the coast, 271 ; fence the Isthmus, 272. Fleet cooperates with the
Corcyrean democrats against Mount Istone, 272; deliver the Corcyrean
aristocrats to their enemies, 273. Seize Anactorium, 276. Send an expe-
dition agamst Cytbera, 280; which capitulates, 281. Their enterprising
spirit, 283. Set up a trophy at Cotyrta, 284. Sack Hiyrea, 286. Their
injustice to Pytbodorus, Sophocles, and Eurjrraedon, 297, n. Ravaged tlie
Megarsean territory twice a year, 298. Their extravagant views, 298, and
note. Attempt to take Megara by treachery, 299; but fail, 310. Effects
of the terror of their arms, 306, n. Sent large armaments to collect their
taxes, 312, n. Attempt to revolutionise Bcsotia, 318. War against the
Agra»ans, 316. Declare war against Perdiccas, 324. Defeated at Delium
by the Boeotians, 349. Accused of sacrilege, 350; reply to the charge,
351. Hieir attempts to found a colony on the Strymon, 858. Make truce
for a year with the Lacedsmonians, 379. Dispute about Scione, 39S.
Take Mende, 409. Besiege Scione, 410. Expel the Delians, 416. Take
Torone, 418. Defeated by the Peloponnesians at Amphipolis, 435. Their
inducements to peace, 438 ; which is concluded for 50 years, 444. Restore
the Lacedssmonians taken on Sphacteria, 456. Peace lasts six years and
ten months, 457. Barbarity to the Sdonaeans, 466. Restore the Delians,
467. Suspicion between them and the Lacedaemonians, 47 1 . Differ with
the Laoediemonians, 480. Form a treaty with the Argives, 485 ; to whom
they send Laches and Nicostratus with forces, 509. Hasty in condemning,
512, n. Blockade Macedonia, 540. Declare Perdiccas an enemy, 54a
Send an expedition against Melos, 542. Debate of ambassadors with the
Melians, 543 — 560. Blockade the city of Melos, 560. Make incursions
fVom Pylus on the La ce da e monians, 560. At war with the Corinthians,
560. Take Melos, 562 ; cruelty to the inhabitants, 562 ; colonise it, 563.

— Circumstances which led to the Sicilian war, iii. 16. Send ambassadors to
Egesta, 17. Assist the Argives against Omeae, 17. Ravage the territory
of Perdiccas, 18. Decree an exf^ition to Sicily, 18 ; prmyf of their in-
tentneas on, 43, n ; desire for, universal, 50. Offer rewards for the muti-
laters of the Hermae, 53. Embarkation for Sicily, 66 ; description of the
armament, 58 — 61 ; ceremonies previous to sailing, 61 ; arrive at Corcyra,
75; enumeration of ships and troops, 76; arrive at Rhcgium, 79. Trick
put upon, by the E^tanms, 81. Form a camp at Catana, 88. Send the
Sakmlnia for Alcibiades and others accused, 89. Suspicious, from reported

Digitized by



cruelty of the PisistratidaB, 90; who were not overturned by them, but by
the LacedflBmooians, 90. Puoish those accused of mutilating the Herme,
99. Sentence Aldbiades in his absence, 101. Take Hyccara, 102. En-
camp before Syracuse, 106. Operations, 107. Defeat the Syracusans, lis.
Winter partly at Naxus, 117. Levied money from the allies rather than
ships and arms, why, 128, n. Winter partly at Catana. 133. Preparations
for hostilities, 134. Forbade any Grecian state to harbour Alcibiades, 134,
n. Real intent of the Sicilian expedition, 137. Ravage the Sicilian coasts,
143. Effect a landing at Leon, 146. Palisade the Isthmus at Tbapsus,
147. Take Epipols, 148. Commence the wall of circumvallation, 148;
operations during its progress, 149 — 154^ Assist the Argives against the
Lacedaemonians, in violation of the treaty, 156. Various operations at Sy-
racuse, 159 — 166. Appoint colleagues with Nicias, 174. Send a fleet to
cruise round Peloponnesus, and reinforcements to Sicily, 179. Defeat the
Syracusan fleet, 181. Destroy the piles in front of the dock, 183. Fortress
of Decelea ruinous to, 186. Their doggedness regarding the Sicilian war,
187. Levy a tax on goods transmitted by sea, 188. Soi fight at Naupac-
tus, 195. Account themselves conquered, if not decidedly victors, 196.
Fleet defeated by the Syracusans, 202. Defeated in the night attack on
Epipols, 206—210. Commanders deliberate on the course to be pursued,
210 — 215 ; decide on remaining, 215; repenting of which, they prepare to
depart, but are restrained by an eclipse of the moon, 216. Defeated in a
sea fight by the Syracusans, 217. Their d^ection, 220. Nations assem-
bled with them against Syracuse, 222 — 224. On the Syracusans blocking
up the port, resolve in council on a sea fight, 226 ; in which they are de-
feated, 235—241. Deliberate on retreating during the night, 241. Sea-
men refuse to try anotlier engagement, 242. Deceived by a stratagem of
Hermocrates, defer their departure for that night, 243. Bum some of their
ships, and suffer the Syracusans to haul off* the remainder, 244. Their
wretched departure, 244 — 247. Order of march, 251. Force the passage
of the Anapus, 252. Driven back from the Acrieum Lepas, 253. Retreat
by night, 254. Force the passage of the Cacyparis, 255. Demosthenes*s
division overtaken and surrounded by the Syracusans, 256 ; capitulates, 258.
Nicias*s division arrives at the Erineus, 258; learning the surrender of
Demosthenes, oflTers conditions, 258, which are rejected, 259 ; attempting to
march by night u discovered, 259 ; marching next day, arrives at the Asai-
narvis, 259, where it surrenders at discretion to Gylippus, 261. Three
hundred who had escaped the previous night apprehended, 262» Umist
into the stone quarries, 263 ; their sufferings there, 265. Their expedition
to Syracuse the most disastrous on record, 266. The division of Demoa-
thenes confined in the stone quarries, that of Nicias sold into slavery, 266, n.
For a long time discredited the news of the calamity, 268. Their rage
against the promoters of tlie expedition, 268. A barber who communicated
news of the disaster to the archons tortured, 268, n. Their magnanimity,
269. Resolve to prepare a fleet, curtail the state expenses, and estabUsb a
board of government, 269. Greece in general hostile to them, 270. Build
ships and fortify Sunium, 272. Abandon the forUfication in Laconia, 272.
Send to Chios regarding the revolt, 278. Drive the Peloponnesian fleet
into Piraeus, 279 ; where they disable and blockade it, 280. Decree to use
the thousand talents, 283. Reinforce the blockading fleet at Piraus, 288.
Take four Chian triremes, 287. Take Mytilene, 289. Reduce Claao-
menie, 290. Make a descent at Panormus, and slay Chalcideus, their
trophy destroyed by the Milesians, why, 29a Defeat the Chians thrice, and
plunder the country, 291. Defeat the Peloponnesians at Miletus, 298.
Blockade Miletus, 298. Chasing three Chian ships, three of their own
bulged at the city of Chios, 301. Take six Peloponnesian guard-ships, and
attMk Cnidus without success, 302. Seise the Chian territory, and fbrtify
Delphinium, 304. Those at Samoa deliberate on adopting an aristocracy and
recalling Alcibiades, 316 ; send ambassadors to propose the measures at
Athens, 921 : which are at first violently opposed, but at length agreed to,
393. Despatch ambassadors to negotiate with Tissaphemes, 325; who
fail, 326. Send ambassadors to establish an oligarchy at Athens, and in the

Digitized by



dfependnciety S3S. Abolish deauxncft 3SS— 84a Send mnbtmudon to
Agis to treat of peace, who refuses, S40; send a second time, 341. Send
an embassj to Lacedaemon, 341. Send ambassadors to Samos, 34 J. The
BokUers at Samos swear to support democracy, and oppose the four hundred,
344 ; bold an assembly, 345. A mb assadors to Samos dismissed by Alcibi-
ades, 355. Ambassadors to Lacedaemon delivered to the Arrives by the
Paralians, 355. Cabals against the oligarchy, 357. Tumults at the PiraS'
eus, 368 — 364. On the approach of the Peloponnesian fleet forget their
quarrels, and rush to defend the Piraeeus, 366. Fleet defeated by the P^b-
ponncsians, 368. Consternation on bearing of the loss of Eubcea, 368.
The four hundred deposed, 369* Their government at this time best regu-
lated, 369. Recall Aldbiades, 870. Defeat the Peloponnesian fleet, 876
— 378. Their courage revives, 878. Take eight ships from Bysantiuro,
379. Subdue Cysicus, 379.

jithenSf Athenians returned to, after the takin^^ of Sestos, i. 168. Greater part
destroyed by the Barbarians, 163. Description of walls of, 167. Assigned
to the chief sultana for pin-money, 258, n. Its temples in the citadel or ad-
jacent, 319. Mo dtj BO much praised, 375, n«

i... Inhabitants^ into what classes distinguished, ii. 337, n. Why resorted to by
strangers, 3379 n* Bresident furnished by tribes in rotatioo, 385, n.

..- The paradise of the mob, iii. 236, n.

AUlUtet formerly contended with girdles about their pudenda, i. SI. Barbarian
athletes still contend girdled, S8. Greek, when girdles disused by, 88, n.

Jttintamia, its site, i. 484.

Akxm^fition, Delians murdered at, by Arsaoes, iii. 379.

Atnut, having fled finom his father to EuiTstheus, i. 87> succeeds to his govern-
ment, SS.

Aitockitt at Corcyra, ii. 148.

Attacks usually made at dawn, ii. 378, n.

Attica, its stenlity, i. 7. Uninterruptedly inhalnted by the same race of men, 8.
A refbge for the expatriated natives of other parts of Greece, B* Sent out
colonies to Ionia, 9. Causes of its early dense population, 9, n* Anciently
inhabited in separate towrns, 317.

— Great part of the com consumed in, imported, iii. 45, n«

Anhn, its site, ii. 360, n.

Autoolet son of TolnuBus, with colleagues, takes Cythera, ii. 281 ; and ravages
the coast, 888.

Amfice, Thradans noted for, ii. 246, n.


Bacddadm, a noble Corinthian fnnily, iL 384, n.

Bacchu and Certs chiefly worshipped at Phlius, ii. 503, n.

Bttkgrs impressed to bake for troops, iiL 47, and note.

Bat^arians, the term no where used by Homer, i. 13. Origin of the term, 13, n.

Eariy, inhabiting the coasts of Asia Minor and the islands, phratea, 15 ; and

land robbers, 18. Destroyed the greater part of Athens, 168.
Barhuro us nations, modem, catch missiles, ii. 255, n*
Bofber who communicated the news of the destruction of the AtheniaB army at

Syracuse tortured by the archons, iii. 858, n.
BatkOs borne by virgins at Athenian fntivala, iii. 94.
Bos rriitft^ Orchomenus, supposed tomb of Hesiod, ii. 169, n«
Battatitmh policy of separating, at M^ara, ii. 31 ], n.
Battering engines, various opinions regarding their invention, L 475, n.
Battie, the resource of ignorant generals, i. 809, n^
BattUments, their form, ii« 35, n.
Bmttus, a Corinthian eoimnaBder, ii. 869.
Beaks of aneieDt vessris described, iii. 196, n. Of the S^rraciuan vcsids, how

oonstracted, 197, n.
Ball, canM by the Greek watch, u. 418.
BMnss, vestiges of primitive, ii. 358, n.

Digitized by



J3enefaci9rs steadier friends than die benefited, i. 38 1, n.

Birman rowert^ their mode of retreat, i. 106, n.

Births not permitted in Delos, why, ii. 178, n.

Boat, cart used for convejing, ii. 301, 30^, n.

Boats, most ancient, formed like Indian canoes, iL 216, a.

Bodif'guard of Medes and Egyptians employed by Pausanias, i. 233.

Boeotarchs, their number and office, i. 276, n.

— Their number, ii. 339, and note. Two sent by Thebes, 340, n. ; who com-

mand in turn, 340, n.
Bceotia, of old, frequently changed its inhabitants, i. 6. Formerly callad Cad-
meis, 35.

— Federid districts of, ii. 314, n. Plan for revolutionising, SlS-^16; Boon*

dary between it and Attica, 340, n. Districts of, 344, n.
Boeotian exiles attacked by the Athenians, whom they defeat, i. 203.
Bceotians, expelled from Ame by the Thessalians, settle in Cadmeia, L 35. $ to

which they give their own name, 35. Ravage the Plat«an territory, 804,

— Their form of government, ii. 112, n, March to relieve Megara, 307. Engage

the Athenians near Nisaea with doubtful success, 308. Defeat the Athenians
at Delium, 349. Accuse the Athenians of sacrilege at Ddium, 850. Take
Panactum, 419. Their pretence for rasing Fianactum, 479. Occupy He-
raclea in Trachis, and dismiss the Lacednmonian governor, 495.

— Send troops to the Syracusans, iii. 178. Ihromise to aid the Lesbians in re-

voltiug from Athens, 273. Take Oropus, 328. Occupy <£noe, 371. Iliiir

affinity to the Lesbians, 372, n.
BoUe, Lake of, in Mygdonia, territory around, assigned to the Chakideans, i. 115.
^ Its estuary, ii. 360.

Boiissus, its site, iii. 291, n. Chians defeated by the Atbenians at, 291.
Bomians, derivation of thdr name, ii. 170^ n.
Bones of the sacrilegious dug up and cast out, i. 228.

— Gigantic, popular notion regarding, iii. 8, n.

Border land, strip uncultivated between Megara and Attica, i. 259» n.
Botti^eans, situation of their territoty, and some account of themselves, i. 123, n.
Brasidas son of TeUus relieves Metbone, i. 841. First who obtained prdse. at
Sparta in the PeloponnesiaA war, 342. His character, 342, n.

— His bravery at Pylus, ii. 216. Wounded 217. His shield used for a trophy

by the Athenians, 217. His great abilities, 806, n. Comes to relieve Me-
gara, 306. Refused admittance, 307. Advances with his army, 806. Offinns
battle to the Athenians, 809; and on their declining it is received- into
Megara, 311. Crossing Thessaly, stopped by tbe natives, 318; sootbea
them and proceeds, 819. Joins Perdiccas, 321. Sent at his own doire, 328.
Brings over most of the Thracian cities, 324. Renders the LacedsnnoniaQs
popuhr, 324. Persuades Arrhibnus to withdraw his forces, 327. Fersuadea
the Acanthians to revolt from the Athenians, 835. Takes Amphipolisy 865.
His moderation shakes tbe allegiance of the Athenian allies, 367. Not
seconded by the LacedsBmonians, 369. Invades Acte, 369. Takea Torooey
374. Addresses the Toronaeans, 376. Demolishes Lci^thus, 378. Ad-
druses tbe Scionasans on their revolt to the LacedsBosonians, 390. Slratageai
of the boat, 390. Invested with a golden crown at Scione, 391. Second
expedition against ArrfalbsBus, 395. Deserted by Perdiccas, 897. Addrssa
to his troops, 399 — 402. Retreats, 408 — 405. His ftuitless aMempt on
PotidsM, 418. Takes post at Cerdylium, 422. Address to his troopa al
Amphipolis, 427. Defeats Cleon, 433. Slain, 435. Honours paid to him
after hU death, 435. Resemblance in fab death to Wdfe^ Mooie^ and
Nelson, 435, n. His mother's answer unjust, 485, n. His reason for
opposing peace, 441 . His youth a hindrance to^ 48(^ n.

Bravado, vainglorious, of Cleon, ii. 245, n.

Brend, a mix^ kind used by the andenta, VL 241, d«

Bretsd-making, Aristophanes's summary &t, ii. 223, n.^

Bribery, accusations of, frequent in Athenian assemblies, why, iL 296, m

Bridnnim, etymology, if. 420, n.

Brides, height of a wall computed by numbering the couraes of, ii, SI, •

Bremitcus, its site, ii. 860, n.

Digitized by



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