Thucydides.

The History of Thucydides. Newly tr. into English...with very copious annotations...Prefixed, is an entirely new life of Thucydides: with a memoir of the state of Greece, civil & military, at the beginning of the Peloponnesian war online

. (page 55 of 59)
Online LibraryThucydidesThe History of Thucydides. Newly tr. into English...with very copious annotations...Prefixed, is an entirely new life of Thucydides: with a memoir of the state of Greece, civil & military, at the beginning of the Peloponnesian war → online text (page 55 of 59)
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— Employed to saw off submarine piles, ui, 184.

7>i»i««-* odd numbers favourites with, 11. 458, n. . . t^ a.u •

^S^'Cfo^er inhabitants of Scyrus, carried away captive by the Athemans,

Dd^mode of using in warfare, iii. 202, n. Why «i"ed »o, 203 n.
St^nt from LacSl«mon to command the allies, i. 172. Finding them lU

inclined towards them, return, 173.
Dorians occupy Peloponnesus, i. 35.

— The month Carneus Uieir holiday time, ii. 499, n.

^ '. ♦!;« Bhnilian A secoud time v ctor at the Olympic games, ii. 14.
2::r^fm?iS^un^^^^^ Lacedemonians, i' 190. Described, 190, n.

AtS^k^ br^b^ Phocians, who are repelled by the Laced«mon,aos, 191.
Drabescus in Edonia, Athenian colony ^"^/>^^^J«''%*- JJf ^,« „
Drabiscus, Athenian colony destroyed at, ii. 858. Its site, 358, n.
Draco, Vm laws of abort duration, u. ,77, n. ; tUeir acvcrity, 78, n.



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GENERAL INDEX. 4<S1

l>res$ of die early Athenians, i. 19. Simple, 6rst uted by the Lacedcmo-

oiana, 21.
Dretset, Median and Persian, described, i. 283, n.
Drunkardi less liable to plague in Moscow, L 414, n.
Dutch, their resemblance to the Lacedannonians, iL 418, n.
Dyme, its site, i. 494, n.
Dyrrachium, the port of £pidamnus, i. 57, n. Derivation -of (he name, 57, n.



•Eartkauake at Lacedaemon, the origin of the revolt of the Helots, i. 180, n. At,
Delos, previously to the Peloponnesian vpar, 294.

— At Orobiae, its ejects, li. 157. Superstition regarding, ]57> n. At Ata-

lantc and Peparethus, 158. Opinion of Thucydides regarding, 159. Occur-
rence of one, 278. Why recorded, 278, n. Athenian assembly dissolved
by the shock of, 484. Separates a congress at Corinth, 494.

•— Lacedaemonian expedition against Argos turned back by, iti. 144. Appoint-
ment of a commander recalled on the occurrence of, 276.

Earthquakes, various, in Greece, ii. 155- Undertakings abandoned on their
occurrence, 157, n. Probably feigned for p<ditical purposes, 494, n.

JSasI, atrocious punishments used in, i. 199, n.

Eastern princes, their revenue very dependent on giAs, i. 524, n.

Eccritus, commander of the Laoedsemonian auxiliaries sent to the Syracusans,
ili. 178.

Edunades, idands off ^the mouth of the Achelous, L 537. First inhabited by
AlcmsBon, 538.

Eclipse of the moon, i. 347.

— of the sun, ii. 278. Why recorded, 278, n.
Edipses, ignorance of the ancients regarding, i. 347, n.

-— Ignorance of the ancients regarding, iiL 216, n. Number Of days after

esteemed unlucky, 216, n. Departure of the Athenians from Syracuse

restrained by an eclipse of the moon, 216.
Edonians driven fVom the Strymon by the Athenians, ii. 359.
EAonea, fortress erecting on, iii. 359; demolished by the democratical party,

364.
Egesta, etymology and site, iii. 5, n.
Egestaans, their ambassadors incite the Atlienians to vrar vrith the Syracusans,

iii. 16. Artifice to persuade the Athenians that they vrere wealthy, 81.
Egyptians defeated by the Persians under Megabyzus, i. 1 97.

— Their treatment of the Israelites similar to that of the Helots by the Lacedae-

monians, ii. 322, n.
Eton on the Strymon taken by the Athenians, i. 175.

— Etymology, ii. 205, n. Simonides takes it by treachery, but is beaten out,

205. Artaphemes apprehended there, 277. Fruitlessly assaulted by Bra-

sidas, 365.
Eleans join the Argtve league, ii. 463 ; cause, 463. Form a treaty with the

Athenians, 485. Exclude the Lacedcemonians from the temple and garoee

at Oljrmpus, 491.
EUxabeth, probable cause «f her half, amorous intarcourse with her ^ourtier^

i. 889, n.
Ettomenus, rite and etymology, ii. 164, n.
Elymians, Trojan colonists of Sicily called, iii. 5.
ElymuSf leader of the Trojan colony to Sicily, iii. 5, n.
EmbafieaHon, ceremonies used at, iii. 61.
Embatum, its rite, ii. 45, n.

Embroidery brought to perfection by Miss Unwood, i. 523> ■•
"Zvhitwi, who derignated by, ii. 488, n.
Engine for emitting flame against Deliiim, ii. 355, «.
Enipeus^ etymology, ii. 319, n.

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4-52 GENERAL INDEX:*

Enneacrunutf formerly Callirriioe, its water used before Uie marriage rite*,

1. 322 ; and on other occasions, S22, n. Derivation of the name, S21, n.
JSjisigns, conjectures regarding those of ships, iii. 59, n.
Ephebij their oath, i. 136) n.
Ephors had power to confine the king, i. 235.
— Their power at Sparta, ii. 457, n.
Ephyra, a city of Thesprotia, i. 98.
Ejihibalesy meaning of tlie term, iii. 329, n.

Epidamnus, derivation of the name, i. 56, n. Situated on tlie Ionian Gulf, border-
ing on the Taulantii, 57. Founded by a colony of Corcyreans led by »
Corinthian, 57. Besieged by the Corcyreans, 63. Compelled to surren-
der, 68.
Epidamnians engage in war with the neighbouring barbarians, i. 58 ; whom the
higher ratiks, driven out by the commonalty, join, 58. Send to Corcyra for
aid, 59 ; which is refused, 59. Deliver up their city to the Corinthians in
obedience to the Delphic oracle, CO; who assist them, 6). Refuse to
receive their citizens, wlio hnd fled to Corcyra, 62. Besieged by the Cor-
cyreans, 64 ; surrender on conditions, 68.
Epidauria devastated by the Argives, ii. 499.
Epidauriam make an irruption into the Argian tcrritorj', ii. 530. Henew tlie

treaty with the Athenians, 537.
Epidaurvs garrisoned by the Lacedsemonians, ii. .^01. Invested by the Eleans

and Athenians, 530. Restored by the Athenians 537.
Ejndaunu Limera, etymology, ii. 285, n. Its territory devastated by the

Athenians, 285.
Ejnmenidasy his mode of staying the plague, i. 427, n.
Ejfipola, a suburb of Syracuse, etymology, iii. 118, n. Its importance, 144.

Reason of the name, 145. Seized by the Atlienians, 147.
Epirott, accustomed to hire as mercenaries, ii. 187, n.

EpUadas son of Molobnis commands the Lacediemonians on Sphacteria, iL 209.
Gallant (defence, 249 — 259. Slain 259.
• Ejntalidaxson of Hegesander placed over Torone, ii. 411.
Era revolts from the Athenians, iii. 28 7. Fruitlessly assaulted by Diomedon, 287.
Eresius, site and etymology, u. 28, n .

— revolts from the Athenians, iii. 289.

Eretrianh rest of Greece involved in the war between them and the Chalcidaeans,
i. 42.

— Invite the Peloponnesians into Eubcra, iii. 329. Butcher the Athenians

who take refuge at tlieir city, 368,
Erineui afAchteOf its site, iii, 195, n.
Erissus the ancient Acanthus, ii. 327, n.
Erythrcsy its site and etymology, ii 39, n.
Erythraans apply to the Lacedsemonians for assistance in revolting from the

Athenians, iii. 273. Admitted into alliance, 276.
Eryx, etymology and site, iii. 5, n.

Eteonicvs sent with troops to Antissa and jNIethymna, iii. 290.
Eualuiy a commander of the Peloponnesinn land forces, iii. 288.
JSuarcAui, leader of tlie Clialcidsan colony to Catana, iii. 10.
Euboea revolts from the Athenians, i. 204. Is subdued, 205.
— Contributed money, not arms or troops, why, iii. 128, n. Revolts from the

Athenians, 368. More benefit to Alliens than Attica itself, 368.
Eubceans send ambassadors to Agis to propose a revolt from the Athenians,

iii. 273 ; measures regarding it postponed. 273.
Eucles elected a, commander by the Syracusans, iii. 155.
Eucles the Athenian, governor of Amphipolis, ii. 36'2.
J^v^tdas, joint leader of a colony to Hiniera, iii. 14.
Euesperita, site of their city, iii. 215, n. Besieged by the Libyans whom they

conquer, 215.
Eiielion besieges Amphipolis, iii. 168.

EumoIpidiB bear witness to the impiety of Alcibiadcs, iii. 522. Their ofiice.
322, n.



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GENERAL INDEX. 435

Euj)hamidas Uu CoritUhian, ii. 500.

Euphemus the Athenian, his speech to the Camarinaeans, iiL ] 35.

Euphorbia Charada said by Dodwell to abound in the Ozolian territory,

ii. 175, n.
EujH}Uum, its site, ii. 170, n.
Eujwmjndaa aoti of Daimachia, and Tolmides, suggest the escape from PJataea,

ii. 31.
Eurj/alus, a castle at Syracuse, etymology, iii. 1 18, n.
Eurt/lochus commands an expedition against Naupactus, ii. 174. Joins tlie

Ambraciotsat Olpse, 186. Defeated, 185; and slain, 186*.
Eun/machus son qf LeorUiades negotiates witli some Plutacans to deliver up their

city, i. 277. Slain 287.
Eurymedon in Pamphylia, Medes defeated by Cimon at, i. 1 78.
Ewymedon son of Thiicles arrives with a fleet at Corcyra, ii. 140. During his

stay the democrats butcher their opponents, 142. Departs, 153. His

disgraceful conduct, 153, n. Commands a party at Tanagra, 160. Sails

with a fleet for Sicily, 198. Aids in reducing the Corcyreans on Mount

Istone, 272. His shameful conduct at Corcyra, 274. Fined, 297.
— Appointed colleague to Nicias, iii. 175. Joins Demosthenes, 192. Arrives

at Thurium, 191. Prosecutes lits voyage, 1 97. Arrives at Syracuse, 103.

Advises departure from Syracuse, 214. Slain in a sea fight, 218.
Eurytanians said to cat raw flesh, ii. 166.
Eutltydemus appointed colleague to Nicies, iii. 174. Jointly commands the

Athenians in tlie last sea fight at Syracuse, 235.
Eutimus, leader of a Cretan colony, joint founder of Gcia, iii. 12.
Evarchus the Jcamanian restored to the possession of Astacus, i. 354.
Evenus named from its gentle stream, i. 490, n.
EvUs threatened, to suspend, a frequent policy with tlie Lacedemonians and

Romans, i. 153, n.
Evolutions, military, remarks on, ii. 43 1 , n.
Erile, opponents of government driven into, by the various Grecian states,

ii. 3H, n.



Faction, the whole Grecian nation disturbed by, ii. 143. Induces many cala-
mities, 144. Its evil effects on morals, 145. Changes the signification
of words, 146. Every kind of wickedness induced by, 151. Specious
names assumed by, 149. Wickedness of, 150.

False rejwts, affecting the state, punishment for spreading, iii. 71, n.

False shame, conduct of Charles XII. at Bender an egregious example of,
ii. 558, n.

Famine breeds pestilence, i. 56, n.

Fane distinguished from the temple, ii. 338, n.

Father, to call a man by his father's name a mark of kindness, iii. 234, n.

Fear, its effects on the factious at Megara, ii. 307, n.

Ferrule of a spear used as a bolt, i. 283, and note.

Festival of Jupiter Milicbius, i. 224. Of the goddess Synoecia at Athens, 319.

— Panathenaic,'ii. 489, n. Olympic, 489, n., and 490 ; cessation of arms before,
491, n.

Festivals, Lacediemonian, sometimes continued several days, iL 204, n. Namet
of, used to denote times of the year, 479, n.

.— Virgins carried baskets at Athenian, iii. 94.

Field, not to encamp on, a surrender of claim to a doubtful victory, ii. 11, n.

FtTie, reason for levying in bribery cases, ii. 512, n.

Fire the usual Grecian signal, ii. 373, n.

Fire-sftip sent by the Syracusans against the Athenian fleet, iii. 219.

Flesh eaten raw by the Eurytanians, ii. 166.

Fools, men, in general, choose rather to be called rogues than, ii. 149.

Foot, iSiltolian soldiers shod on the left only, ii. 34, n,

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454 (^NERAL INDEX.

Torce$t one third the usual proportion for home defence at Sparu, ii. 513, n^

Forest at Sphacteria accidentally burnt, ii. 248.

Founder of a state, honours paid to him sometimes transferred to^ a great bene-
factor, i. 60, n.

French, similarity between them and the Athenians, L 383, n.

.^ Their dread of the Prussian infimtry, ii. 254, n.

French Revolution, the wise oTerthrowu by the cunning during, ii. 152, n.

Funerals, public, peculiar to the Athenians, i. S55, n. Why celebrated for
those whose bodies could not be found, 356, n. Oration at, instituted by-
Solon, 361, n.

Funeral solemnities at Athens for those first fallen in the %rar, i. 354.

Future events may be predicted from the past^ i. 53.

G.

Gail, his reading of the elegy on Gay, i. 391, n.

Galepsus revolto to Brasidio, iL 366. Ortbognghj, etymology, and site, 366, bv

Taken by the Athenians, 432.
Games, ancient, at Delos, ii. 179. Modem, 179.
Games, Isthmian, time of their celebration, iii. 277, n.
Garlands worn by slaves at Sparta during manumission, iL 322. Brasidas decked

with by the Scionsans, ii. 391.
Garments, women always wore two, i. 463, n.
Gaulites sent ambassador to Lacedssmon by Tissaphemes, iii» 352.
Gela, conference of the Siceliots at, ii. 287—297.

— Founded by Antiphemus and Eutirous, iii. 12. Etymology, 12. Site, 12, n.
Gdo, tyrant of Syracuse, expels the Megareans from Hyblnan Megara, ilL 12.
Geloans, colony of, found Acragas, iii. 13>
Gelon, third settler of Camarina, iii. 15, and n.
General, a portion of the spoils selected for him previously to any divisioi>,

ii. 1 93, n. ; a custom as early as the Trojan war, 193, n.
Generals, ten annually appointed by the Athenians, ii. 241, n.
-^ Syracusan, fifteen, iii. 75, n.
Gerastus, etymology and site, ii. 7, n. Quick passage from, to Mytilene, 8.

Mistake of Eusuthius regarding the passage of Nestor from I^esbos U>

Genestus, 8, n.
Geranea, its topography, 188, n.
Getw, cavalry-archers, i. 519.

Giants, bones of , to be found in every country, popular notions regarding, Si. 3, d;
Gifis, custom to present, in the East, 524, n. 525, n.
Gods, statues ot, before the time of Diedalus, busU vidth the lower parts squared

ofi; iii. 51, n. llwught by the ancients to envy the too great successes of

men, 249, n.
Gongylus the Eretrian sent with a letter to the king of Persia by lVuisania9>

i. 230.
Gongylus the Corinthian arrives at Syracuse and reanimates the Syracusans^

iu. 159.
Goose, ancient superstitioD of swearing by, ii„ 163, n;
Gortyn, account of it, i. 497, n,
GnSk^, its site, L 339, n*

Grand Seignior, his taxes forcibly collected, ii. 312, Ur
Grappling-irons invented by the Syracusans, ii. 236, Ur
Granhopper worn by the Athenians described, L 20, n.
Great Mogul, his revenue made up from gifU, i. 523, n.
Greece, of old not fixedly inhabited, i. 3. ; especially the richer districts, 6. Notsa

named before the time of Hellen son of Deucalion, 9« Ito best land toward th«

sea, 26, n, ^ Ita navies increase the power of their owners, 41. Lacedsmo-

nians preeminent in, 45. From its geological structure subject to earthquakes,

55, n. How the Athenians attained to the administration of affairs in, 161. Ita

ftistory after the Median war, imperfectly written before Thucydides, 175,



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Xi£N£RAL INDEX. 455

— Snow rare io, ii. 88, n. TiHYellen in, sleep in thick woollen doeks, 135, n..
Creeks, feebleness of the early, i. 94. Achieve no enterprise in common before

tlie Trojan war, 95. Cilled Danaans, Argives, and Achsans by Homer,
13. Pirates in early times, 15 ; and land-robbers, 18. Early, their
modes of living similar to those of the Barbarians, 22« Effect of their return
from the Trojan war, 35. Send out colonies, 36. Acquire power by theif
navies, 41. No land wars except those of the borders, 41. Combinedly in-
volved in the war between the Eretrians and Chalcideans, 42. Having driven
back the Barbarians split into parties, leaguing with either the Lacedasmo-
nians or Athenians, 45; to whom they refer their dispute^ 46. Thought
it disgraceful to refuse aid to supplicants in peril, 78, n. Incensed by the
insolence of Pausanias, request the Athenians to become their leaders;, ]71j
taxed by them, 173. Their treasury at Delos, 174.
•— Distinction of race, a cause of dissension, ii. 11 1, n. Regard it suspicious to
pass through a country without first obtaining the natives* consent, 318. Eat
three meals a day in the time of Ttiucydides, 389, n. Esteemed it dis-
advantageous to receive the onset, 347, n. Law of, regarding the custody of
temples, 351 . Of Thucydides*s age de6cient in mechanics, 354, n. Religion
most prominent in their treaties, 380, n.

— Their ships ill adapted for sleeping in, iii. 86, n.
'Groves, sacred, preserved by law, ii. 129, n.
Guard-forts (ir«pMrrfAio), tlieir use, ii. J 73, n."

Gylipfms son of deandridas Appointed commander over the Syracusans, iii. 143.
Had been banbhed for misconduct, 1 42, n. Coasting Italy is caught in a
storm, 155. Arrives at Himera, where he collects auxiliaries, 158. Marches
for Syracuse, 159. Arrives at Epipoloe, 160. Offers to treat with the
Athenians for their evacuation of Sicily, 161. Beaten by the Athenians, takes
all the blame on himself, 164. Beate the Athenians in a second engagement,
165. Traverses the rest of Sicily to raise men, 166. Returns with forcea
to Syracuse, 179. Exhorts the Syracusans to fight the Athenians at sea, 179.
Takes the forts at Plemmyrium, 181. Takes a second journey over Sicily
to collect forces, 210. Returns with a considerable army, 215. Leading «
party to the jetty in aid of the fleet b repulsed, 219. Speech to the naval
forces before the last sea fight, 23 1 — 234. Blocks up the roads, 243. Accused
by the Syracusans of letting the Athenians go off*, 255. Division of Demos-
thenes surrenders to him on terms, 258. Rejects the conditions proposed by
Nicias, 259. Nicias surrenders to him in particular, 262 ; and is put to death
against hu will, 264. Hb baseness, 264, n. Convicted of embeszlemen^
264, n. Arrives at Corinth, 282.

Gymnastic exercises first used by the LacedaemoniaDS, i. 21.

Gythium burned by the Athenians, i. 195.

GymnopemJ&eB at Laced»mon, ii, 538.



H.



Sagnortt memoriak of, obliterated by the AmphipoUtans, iL 436.

Hcdke, its topography, i. 187, n«

ffamasUuSf meaning of the name, iii. 874, n.

Hatnippi, ^hat kind of troops they were, iL 503, n.

Hand, waving aloft, a sign of submission, ii. 259, n«

ffa])simrg, house of, fortunate in marriages, L 28, n.

Harmodhis, the PIsistratidaB not overturned by him, iii. 90. Narratife of hw

celebrated enterprise, 91 — 97. Honours paid to, 97, n*
Harmodius and AristogUon, popular error regarding^ i. 48.
Marmostes, nature of lus office, iii« 296, n.
HarmotuSf meaning of the name, iiL 374, n.
Heathen, their casuistry regarding oaths, ii. 449, n.
Heavy^rmed, LacedamoniaB, the best in Greece, i. 151, b.

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466 a£N£RAL index:.

-^ Their pay at th« siege of Potidsa, ii. 27. Allowed each a terrant, 2^.

Confined to the aristocratical party, 43, n.
«— Expected to provide their own arms and armour, iii. 1 16, n.
Megesanker commands the Boeotian auxiliaries sent to the Syracusans, iii. 178.
JSeges^jiidas the Lacedtemonian dismissed from the goYemroent of Heraclea by

tlie Boeotians, ii. 495.
ffelerif bath of, ii. 267, n.

Selianicus, his history brief and inaccurate, i. 1 75.
HeOen $on of Deucalion, the appellation Greece did not exist before his timer

i. 9. He and his sons powerful in Phthiotis, 12.
Hdlenotamia established among the Athenians, i. 1 73.
HdoU revolt from the Lacedaemonians, i. 1 80. Called Messenians, 181. Account

of them, 181, n. Besieged in Ithome, 182; surrender, 184; settled at

Naupactns, by the Athenians, 184. Tampered with by Pausanias, 237.

— Freedom promised to those who provisioned Pylus, ii. 240. Their devices

for that purpose, 24a Two thousand destroyed by the Lacedaemonians,
322; conjectures regarding, 823, n. Who fought under Brasidas en-
franchised, 469.

Heraclea in Trachinia, Laced£emonians found a colony at, ii. 162. Favourable
for ship-building, 162, and note. Ruined by the Thessalians and misgovern-
ment, 164. Taken possession of by the Boeotians, 495.

UeracleoU in Trachis defeated by the neighbouring tribes, ii. 495.

ITeraclida occupy Peloponnesus, i. 35.

Heraclides son ^ Lysimachus chosen a commander by the Syracusans, iiL 116;
Again elected a commander, 1 55,

Heraot its site, ii. 519, n.

Heralds, not so indifferent as represented by the poets, ii. 192, n.

Heretics, hypocritically recommended to mercy by the inquisitor, ii. 1 10, n.

HermcB, See Mercuries.

Hermocrates son of Hermon, Smith's character of, ii. 287. A true patriot, 290, n.
His speech at Gela, 287^296.

— Speech to the Syracusans on prospect of the Athenian invasion, iii. 63 — 68.

Encourages the Syracusans, 115. Chosen a commander, 1 16. His speech
to the Cajmarinaeans, 1 1 9 — 1 25. Makes dispositions to deifend Epipolae, 1 46.
Exhorts the Syracusans to fight the Athenians by sea, 180. Prevents by
■tratagem the Athenian army fVom decamping by night, 242. Death of
Nicias and Demosthenes unju^y charged upon Mm, 263, n. The Syracusans
urged by him to assist the Peloponnesians, 294. Remonstrates with
Tissaphemes against reducing the pay, 297. Inaccessible to bribery, 313, tu
Sails to LacedaemoD, 359.
Herodotus, his writings known to Thucydides, i. 49, n.

— Mountain path at Thermopyls might be identified from him, ii. 258, n*
Heroes, sacrifices to, ii. 435, n.

Hesiod, story of his death, U, 168, n. His tomb at Orchomenus, 169, n. His
bones removed to aasuags a pestilence, 169, n. Natives of Orchomenus
called Minyeians on his tomb, 314, n.

Hestiaans expelled from Eubcea, i. 205.

Hiera, etymology, ii. 156, n. Supposed to contain Vulcan's smithy, 157.

Hieramene, widow of Phtfnaces, iii. 327, tnd note.

Himera invaded by the Athenians, ii. 194.

*-Site, iii. 14, n. Colonisation, language, and politgr» 14. Athenians not
received into^ 104.

.HimmMiiu join Oylippus, iiL 158.

Hippagretes, conjectures regardin^ii. 259, n.

Hipparchus, not the eldest son of Fisistratus, iii. 91 . Did not succeed his fioher,

91, 93. Tampers with Harmodius, 92. His government not oppressive,

92. Why reputed tyrant, 94. Ctuses the sister of Harmodius to be
insulted, 94. Slain, 96.

Wppias, eldest son of Pisistratus, succeeded him, iii. 91 — 93. Discovers the
conspiracy of Harmodius and Aristogiton, 96 ; which makes him suspicious



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GENERAL INDEX. 457

and cni«ly 97. Gives hu daughter to .^antides, 97. After his expulsion
goes to Darius, 98. Present with the Medes at the battle of Marathon, 98.

Hijfpocies ton of Memjipus intercepts Gylippus in his return from Sicily and
takes one of his ships, iii. 282.

HijypocrcUes son of AriphrOf with Demosthenes, negotiates for the betrayal of
Megara, ii. 299. Takes the long walls by stratagem, 300 — SOS. Invests
Nisaea with a wall, 304, which surrenders, S05. Engages the Boeotians
with doubtful success, 308. Retires home, 311. Concerts with Demosthenes
for a revolution in Boeotia, 313. Fortifies Deliuro, 337. Exhorts bis
army, 346. Defeated by Pagondas, 344 — 349 ; and slain, 356.

Hippocrates the Lacedctmoman arrives with a fleet at Cnidus, iiL 301.

Jlijyjwcrates tyrant of Gela leads a colony to Camarina, iii. 15.

Hipjiomcus tonofCailias commands a party at Tanagra, ii. 160.

Hipponotdes banished for disobedience at Mantinsea, ii. 525.

History not considered a place for moralising by the ancients, i. 399> n.

Hobbes, his ignorance of Greek idioms, i. 8, n.

Ho/ts, names of places in England derived from, ii. 39. n.

Holy Water of the ancients, how consecrated, ii. 350, n.

Homer confines the term Hellenes to the natives of Phthiotis, i. 13; calls tha
others Danaans, Argivcs, and Achasans, 13. No where uses the term
Barbarian, 13. Says that Agamemnon sent the greatest number of ships to
Troy, 28. Credit due to him, 34, n.

— His hymn on Apollo, cited, ii. 179; varies from the text of Homer, 179) □.

Hymns of doubtful authenticity, 180, n.
Honey mixed with poppy seed, how used, ii. 241, n.
Honour, point of, regarding invaders, ii. S40, n. Post of, usually assigned to

the troops of the country in which the battle was fought, 519.
Horses not much bred in Peloponnesus, i. 150,n.

— For war, principally kept by the Thessalians and Boeotians, ii. 507, n.

— Keeping of, esteemed a proof of riches, iii. 27, n. Diomede*s men<.eating,

explained by the expense of keeping, 27, n. Imported to Athens at a
high price, 45, n. Sicily famous for, 45, n.

Horse-transports made out of old galleys, I. 428.

— - Employed by Xerxes in transporting his troops to Greece, ii. 265> n.

Hosts, public, sometimes named after the nation to which they performed the
office, ii. 93, n.

House, demolition of, a punishment of Oriental origin, ii. 512, n.

Houses, Grecian, flat-roofed, ii. 305, n. Formed into defences by adding battle-
ments, 305.

— of the mountain SicuH subterranean, iii. 133, n.
Humanity closely connected with sound policy, ii. 259, d.
Hyepat etymology, iL 175, n.

Hybla, three towns so named in Sicily, iii. 11, n.

Hybla Galeatis, Athenians unsuccessful against, iii. 103.

Hyblon, a Sicilian king, Hyblnan Megara founded under his auspices, iii. II.

Hyccara, etymology and site, iii. 102, n. Birth-place of Lais, 102, n. Taken

by the Athenians, 103.
HyUaic port, at Corcyra, ii. 132, n.

Hymn on Apolio, evidence of ancient games at Delos, ii. 179.
Hyperbolus, the last person banished by ostracism, iii. 342, n. Put to death at



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