The History of Thucydides. Newly tr. into English...with very copious annotations...Prefixed, is an entirely new life of Thucydides: with a memoir of the state of Greece, civil & military, at the beginning of the Peloponnesian war online

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Online LibraryThucydidesThe History of Thucydides. Newly tr. into English...with very copious annotations...Prefixed, is an entirely new life of Thucydides: with a memoir of the state of Greece, civil & military, at the beginning of the Peloponnesian war → online text (page 59 of 59)
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the most disastrous on record regarding Greece, 266. Sunilar in disposition
to the Athenians, 369.
Syracuse, founded by a Corinthian colony under Archias, iii. 9. Etymology,
11, n. Described, 118, n.

Tamoif appointed his lieutenant by Tiasaphemes, iii. 355.
Tanagra the Grata of Homer, i. 388, n. Derivation of the name, 340, n.
TanagrMtns defeated by Nidas, ii. 16a

TarUaha $(m ^ Ptitroeles taken prisoner by the Athenians, ii. 286.
TareniineMf thdr saying regarding enjoyment, L 188, n.
TaularuUy an Illyrian tribe on the border of the Ionian Gulf. i. 57.
TaxiarchSf thdr rank, ii. 201, n. Gay dress of, 201, n.
— Nature of their ofiSce, iii. 226, n. Sometimes called to council at a perilous

ends, 226, n.
T^aans, doubtful battle with the MantinsMms at Laodidum, ii. 412.
Teios, wall around it pardy demolished by the Claiomenians and ErythrsBans, iii.

284; remahider by Tissaphemea, 287.
TeOiat elected a commander by the Syracusans, iii. 155.
TbUus buried at the public expense^ where he f^, i. 357, n.
TnneniUst a suburb of Syracuse, e^rmology, iii. 118, n.
Temperance preserved Socrates dunng the plague, i. 425, n.
Temple of Androcrates near Platara, ii. 39, n.

■ Apollo at Amyda, ii. 450, n.

near Anne, ii. 497, n.
opposite Cythera, iii. 185.

Ddium in Tanagra, ii. 315, n. Fortified by the Athenians,
837—839. Taken by the Bceotiaos, 356.
— — ~- Pythian Apollo at Athens, i. 319.

■ Apollo Temenites at Syracuse, iii. 150^ n.
— *-— Bacchus, suppliants walled up in, ii. 143.

Digitized by




■ BaccfauSyin limiis, tite, i. 819, n. ; feaits at, in his lionoari SS8.
-^ Ceres, sereral at Athens, i. 324, n*

Diana at Carys, iL 501, n.

Ephesus, iu folding-^loora of cypress, i. 356, tu
— — - Dionysius at Athens, iii. 366» n.

the Pirseeus, iii. 364, n.

• tlie Dioscuri at Corcyra, iL 135.

Torooe, ii, 372.
Jnno at Argos burnt down, ii. 411.

the most sacred fane in Corcyra, i. 59. Corcyrean nobles seat

themselves as suppliants at, 136.
at Piatsea, ii. 125.

■ Jupiter at Lycaeum, ii. 443, n.

Capitolinus, roof and walls plated with gold, i. 241, n.
Olympus at Athens, i. 319.

Syracuse, iii. 105, n.
' Mars near Megars, ii. 300.

■ Mercury, near Mycalewus, iiL 189.
Minerva at Athens, how polluted, i. 229.

Lecythus, ii. 378.
Chalcioecus, how polluted, L 229. The most celebrated in
Sparta, 241, n. Origin of the name, 241, n.

Neptune at Tsnarus, how polluted, i. 229.

— Terra at Athens, i. 819.

•^— ^— Theseus, Athenians one night slept in arms in, during their fears

regarding the mysteries and Hermae, iii. 100.
Templet, the great national banks of Greece, i. 214, n. Of Neptune generally
on promontories, 239, n. Generally placed on high situations, 239, n.
Walls sometimes coated with plates of metal, 241, n.

— Nuclei for towns, ii. 315, n. Slaves went round in procession at Sparta,

during manumission, 322. Distinction of precincts, 338, n. Law of the

Greelu regarding the custody of, 351. Asylums within, how constructed,

443, n. Numerous and magnificent in Phlius, 503, n.
— - Remains of, at Torre dclli Pulci, iii. 12, n ; and at Girgenti, 15, n. Treasures

in, regarded as a resource in great emergencies, 17, n.
Teres, Hng of Odryta, i. 348, and note. Genealogy of his family, 516, n.
Territory, policy of sparing an enemy's, ii. 259, n.
Teuaracost, its value, iii. 373.

Teutiaplus the EUian advises Alcidas to sail to Mytilene, ii. 45.
Teuthuta, etymology, iit 808, n.
Thaiamu, the lowest tier of rowers, ii. 250, n.
Thaptus, founded by Lamis, iii. II. Etymology and site^ II, n. Athenian

fleet anchors at, 147.
Thtuiafa defeated by the Athenians, L 179. Surrender on terms, 182.

— Fortify their city, expecting freedom firom the Lacedsmoolans, iii. 332.
Thasot, its natural wealth, i. 179, n. ,

— A Parian colony, iL 363.

Thasui, Diotrephes abolishes democracy at, iii. 332.

Thaumada, its site, ii. 317, n.

Theanetta ton of Tbimidet, and Eupompidas, suggest the escape from HatSM, ii.

Thebant, invited by some Platsrans, effect an entrance into their city by night, i.

277. Enter into treaty with them, 279. Are afterwards attacked, 281 ;

and many slain, 282. The prisoners butchered, 287.

— Demolish the wall of the Thespians, ii. 411.

Themittoclet, Athenian navy improved at his instance, i. 40. Honours conferred
on him by the Lacedaemonians, 141, n. Advised the Athenians to send an
embassy to Lacedamon, regarding the demolition of their walls, 163.
Procures himself to be sent, 164. His management there, 164. Speech lo
the Laoedsmonians, 166. Returns home^ 167. Athenians persuaded by
him to build the walk of the Pineeus, 167. First advised the Athenians to

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apply to the tea, 170. Accused of Medising by the LfM^edaemonians, flies

to Corcyra, and thence to Admetus, 246 ; who sends him to Pydna, S49.

Driven by tempest on the Athenian fleet at Naxus, S49. Prevails on the

shipmaster, by ihreats and promises, to proceed to Ephesus, 25a His

letter to Artaxerzes, 251. Attains great influence at the Persian court, 254.

His extraordinary abilities, 254. Various accounts of his death, 257, n.

Buried at Magnesia, 257. His bones said to be deposited in Attica, 258.
Theopomjms, king of Lacedrntnon^ question of his wife^ i. 136, n.
Theorcit who designated by, ii. 489, n.
Tkeramenei conducts a Sicilian fleet to Astyochus, iii. 294. Too easy regarding

the sailors* pay, 297. Delivers tlie fleet to Astyochus, and departs, 806.
Theramenes ton of Agnon, lealous for establishing an oligarchy at Athens, iii.

338. A ringleader against the oligarchy at Athens, 357. Opposes the

fortifications at £^nea, 860 — 364.
T^herme taken by the Athenians, i. 117.

Thenmm sent by Agis to the Corinthian fleet at PlrsBus, iii. 280.
Thermopylae path over the mountains might be identified from Herodotus, ii.

258, n.
Theaeut makes Athens the paramount city of Attica, i. 318.

— Athenians one nisht slept in arms in his temple, during their fears regarding

the mysteries and Hermae, iii. 100.
Thetnwpht^aceh ^ho designated by, ii. 489, n.
Thetinast unsuccessful revolt of the democratical party at, iii.. 144.
Thetpians, their wall demolished by the Thebans, ii. 411.
ThessaUant expel the Boeotians from Ame, i. 35.
_ Lower orders friendly to the Athenians, ii. 318.
Theitolyt of old, frequently changed its inhabiunts, L 6.
-. Well wooded, ii. 162, n. Difficult to pass through without a conductor, 318.

Its government an oligarcliy, 318. Maps of, erroneous, 318, n.
Tftiriy years* War, in Germany, depravity caused by, ii. ]51,Ji.
Thracct well wooded, ii. 162, n.

Tkrace, Parti of^ what the term comprehended, i. 116, n.
Thradani ciit off an Athenian colony at Drabescus, i. 180. Receive rather

than give, 523. Avaricious, 524, n.
Hired as mercenaries, 246, n. Excuce of remnant of Athenian colony

destroyed by, at Drabescus, 358.
A body of the Maduerophori sent back from Athens, why, iii. 185. A blood-
thirsty nation, 189.
Thramtay the highest tier of rowers, ii. 250, n.
T^rasybului ton ofLycu* chosen a commander by the Athenians at Samos, iii.

345. Joins Thrasyllus at Eresus, 373. Commands the right wing at the

battle off Cynos-sema, 377.
Thratycles sent with ships to Chios, iii. 283.
ThrasyUus the Argive, with Alciphron, induces Agis to grant a truce, ii. 507.

Stoned at the Charadrus, 508. Takes refuge at an altar, 509.

— Chosen a commander by the Athenians at Samos, iii. 345. Joins Thrasybulus

at Eresus, 373. Commands the left wing at the battle off Cynos-sema, 377.

Thronmm^ its site, i. 345, n.

ThucleSf leader of a Chalcidaan colony to Sicily, iii. 9.

Tkuria, its site, iii. 101.

Tkuriant revolt from the Lacedaemonians, i. 181.

ThucydideSf host tf ttte Phartalians, endeavours to appease the tumults at the
Piraeeus, iii. 363.

Thucydidet ton of Miteuutt a commander of the expedition to Samos, i. 209.

TkucytUdet ton of OlonUt his reasons for writing his history, i. 2. Does not
profess to give the exact words d the speeches, 52. Narrates those actions
only at which he was present, or of which he was informed by those who
were, 52. Composed his history for an everlasting possession, 54. The
history of Greece after the Median war perfectly written by none of his pre-
decessors, 175. Proof of his having seen the history of Herodotus, 526, n.

— His opinions regarding the formaUon of pools by earthquakes, ii. 159. His

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4alic«ey» 195, d. Difliculty in tnindating, SlOy n. S«Ui to relkre Am*
phipolii, S63; too late, 865. Saves Eum, S65. Banished for twenty
years, 458.

Tkmc^didet, one of the very greatest boasts of his country, iiL 38, n. Why so
minute in details of religious and otiI obeenrances, 111, n. His know-
ledge of the human heart, S69, n*

Thyamis, a river dividing ThoprotiA and Cestrina, L 98.

— Etymology and site, li. 188, n.

Thyrea given to the JEginetas, i. 846. Derivation of the name, 846, n.

— Site, iL S85, n. Sacked by the Atbenimns, 886.
2%ystta, its site, ii. 870, n. Taken by the Dians, ii. 471.

Tichmmt conjectures regarding, ii. 170, n. Taken by the Athenians, 17a

Timmu persuades Andocides to inform respecting the mutilation of the Mercu*
ries, iii. 99.

Timagoras ton of Athenagorat ambassador from Fhamabasus to Lacedmnon,
iii. 275. fioes not give the money for the Chian expedition, 276.

Timber for ship-building fetched from Italy and Sicily, by the Peloponnesians,
iL 162, n.

Time anciently measured by agricultural epochs, ii. 827, n.

Timocratei the Lacedamonian, counsellor to Cnemus, L 495. Slays himself
51 1, and note.

TbrynthianMy oracle regarding, i, 458, n.

Titiat ton ^ Tinmachuy leader of the Melian expedition, iL 548.

Tinofkemee sends an ambassador to the Lacedemonians, iiL 274 ; reasons for
seeking their alliance, 274, His satrapy, 274, n. Concludes an alliance
with the Lacedemonians, 286. Assists to demidish the wall of Teios,
287. Assists the Milesians, 293. Induces the Sicilian fleet to assist him
against Amorges, 296 ; who is delivered up to him, 296. Garrisons lasus,
297. Reduces the pay of the Sicilian sailors, 297. Second treaty with
the Lacedaemonians, 803. Gives entire confidence to Aldbiades, 315.
Third treaty with the Laoedmnonians, 327. Sends an ambassador to Lace-
demon to defend his proceedings, 852. His enmity to Hermocrates, 353.
Goes to Aspendus on pretext of fetching the Fhctnidan fleets 355; real intent,
35Q* Sacrifices to Artemis at Ephesus, 380, and note.

TtAacconiiU escaped the plague inLondon, i. 413, n.

Tolmidet ton of TWnueta cruises round Peloponnesus, i. 194. Particulars of
hb cruise, 1 95, n. Commands the expedition against the Boeotian exiles, 203.

T^Aotpkon^ its site, iL 174, n.

Tombt of the shun at Pli^ea, annual rites at, ii. 106, n.

Tomeutt probable site, ii. 382, n.

Toronet etymology, ii. 371, n. lu site, 417, n. Taken by the Athenians, 418.

Tortoite, why stamped on Lacedemonian coins, i. 131, n. '

Trackuuop orthography, etymology, and site, ii. 161, n. Well wooded, 162, n.

Treasury at Athens, Brit time exhausted, iL 28.

Treaiietf reli^pon most prominent in those of the Greeks, ii.. 380, n. Customary
to inscribe on pillars, 489, n.

Treaty between Athens and Lacedemon permitted neutral states to join- either
league, i. 89. The Lacedannonians vote it broken, 161.

— For a limited period preferred by the ancients, ii. 193, n. Between the

Athenians and Lacedaemonians, 445 ; terms of, refused by thexonfoderates,
453 ; final terms, 455. Between the Athenians and Argives, 485. Be-
tween the Lacedaemonians and Athenians, its inftaction by the Lacede-
monians recorded by, the Athenians on the pillar bearing it, 502. Betwecu
the Lacedaemonians and Argives, terms of, 582.
Between the Lacedemonians and the king of Persia, iii. 286. Second, between

— the Lacedaemonians and the king of Persia, 303. Third, between the Lace-

daemonians and the king of Persia, 327.
Treetf villages in England named from, i. 349, n.
THbalti, site of their territory, i. 520, n.
TVtnocna, a name of Sicily, conjectures regarding, iii. 4. n. Not confined to

Sicily, 5, n.

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Tnopium, etymology, tii. 808, ii« Sin Peloponnenaii ships taktti ofl^ by tfa*

Atbenians, 90S.
Tripod at Delphi, a couplet inscribed on» by P&usanias, i, 236 ; effiiced by the

X^acedfemoniaiifl^ 236, and note ; who inscribe on it tiie names of the allies,

Tripodiscus, a Tillage of Megara, ii. 306.
Trireme, number of crew, iL 20K3, n.

— Office of captain expensive, iiL 58, n.; thrown, as a burden, on the rich,

58, n. Conjectures regarding ensigns, 58, n.
TriremeSf first bmlt at Corinth, L 38.

— Ten, the naval auxiliary quota of the Mytilenians, ii. 7, n. Their inconve-

nience, 239, n.

— Conjectures regarding crew and pay of Athenian, iii, 18, n. Sometimea

carried two hundred men, iii. 298, n.
TritaanSf iL 175, n.
Trcasen, its site, iL 272, n.
TSiffonSf colonists of Sicily, iii. 4.
Trqfan war, the earliest achievement of the Greeks in common, L 9. Effects of

the return of Greeks from, 35.
Trophy only lawfully erected when the army kept the field, iiL 890.
TrotUus founded by Lamis, iii. 10. Etymology and site, 1 1, n.
Trojf, naval armament against, greater than any whidi had preceded it, L 30 ;

but inferior to those of the age of Pericles, sa Why the dty held out so

long, 33.
Truce at Pylus, terms of, ii. 222 ; oldest document of the kind, 222, n. For

burial of dead, to ask implied mferiority, 271, n. For a year, between the

Athenians and Lacedamonians, form of, 378 ; called the peace of Nidas,

588,- n.
Trucebreakert, who are, and who are not, L 136.
TVMmpeto, used by the ancients to proclaim silence, iii. 61, n.
Twmdut of Ajaz still remaining at Rhoeteum, ii. 278, n. •
Twdve gods, altar consecrated to, by Hipfnas, iii. 93.
Tyco, a suburb of Syracuse, etymology, iiL 118, n.
J^rtmniet and kmgAipt, distinction between, L 36, n.


Tnipwitu, meaning of the term, iiL 58, n.


VicHm furnished as a quit-rent, ii. 497, n.

Vietknt sacrificed between the skirmishing and main battle, iii. 111.

Victory in war depends on counsd and fiinds, L 307. When doubtful, each

party raised a trophy unimpeded by the other, 336, n.
Virgins, annual dance of Lacedaemonian, round the statue of Diana at Caryc,
ii. 501, n.

Baskets borne by, at Athenian festivals, iiL 94.

Votes, when equal, prisoner acquitted, iL 86, n.
Vulcan, his smi^y supposed to be at Hiera, ii. 157.


Wagg^ms, solitary instance of com carried off in, iiL 17.

Walls, those of drcumvallation how formed, i. 1 21 , n. Their thickness expressed
by the ancients by carriage-breadths, 168, n. When very thick, filled up
with rubble, 169, n. Of Athens forty cubiu high, 170, n.

Hdght computed by counting the courses of bricks, ii. 31 ; and stones, 31, n.

Drawn round Plattea by the Pdoponnesians, how constructed, 32, n. Chiant
demolish their new-buut wall by order of the Athenians, 278. Of Babylon
disembattled by order of Darius, 278, n* Long, of Nistea, conjectures re-
grading, 804, n.

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9l^ar, cause of, between the Lacedemonians and Athenians, i. 56, Cause of,
between the Corinthians and Athenians, 1 12. Two chief reasons for going
to, 137, n. Can only be sustained by superabundance, 266, n.

— an imperious dictator, ii. 145. Distii^uished from dj/fhrences, 291, n.
Wdrfctre, influence of Christianity on, ii. 191, n.

fTwrmghtt, ii. 36, n.

fTarSf men fimcy those they have been engaged in the greatest, i. 50.

Water, amongst the ancients, symbolical of purity, L 322, n.

— Procured by digging pits in the soil, ii. 239.
Watercoune divert^ by Agis, ii. 515.

Watercourses, diversion of, contrary to Amphictyonic oath, ii. 515, n.

Wealth, horse-keeping esteemed a proof of, iiu 27, n.

Weights, ancients eiodled in contrivances for raising, ii. 374, n.

Wheel, spreaders of false reports afitecting the state broken on, iii. 71, n.

Wheelbarrows, not used by the ancients, ii. 203, n.

Whips, those of the Corcyreans extremely large, ii. 274, n.

While, the general colour of the primitive shields, iL 210, n.

Wicker-shields described, ii. 210, n. Still used in the Bast, 210, n.

Wing, right, of an army, why pushed out, ii. 524.

Wolfe resembled Brasidas in his deadi, ii. 435, n.

Women, at Platoa, pelt the enemy with tiles from the house-tops, i. 282. A
woman facilitates the escape of the Tbebans from Flataa, 284. Wail at
funerals, 357, and note. Their place in ftinerals, 357, n. None allowed to
attend under sixty years old, 857, n. Tlieir duties during a siege, 480, n.

— Their daring valour at Corcyra, ii. 1 33. Artifice of the wives of the MeUans

to liberate their husbands, 542, n.

— Pachaships and jaghireships sometimes held by, iii. 327, n.

Words, final syllables of, liable to corruption, it 97, n. Faction changes the stg-
nification of, 146.


Xenagi, what they were^ i. 471, n.

Xenares and CleAulus, their political intrigues, iL 474.

Xenares son cfCmdxs slain, ii. 495.

Xenodides son of Euthycles, commander of the Corinthian expedition against Cor.

cyra, L 97.
Xenophontidas arrives at Rhodes to solicit aid for Chios, iii. 324,
Xerxes, how obliged by Pausanias, i. 230. Proposal of Pausanias to subject

Greece to him, 230 ; which he accepts, 231.

— Employed horse-transports, ii. 265, n.
U^fi/iopoi, conjectures regarding, ii. 844, n.


Year, names of festivals used to denote the times of, ii. 479, n.
Youth, Spartan institutions unfiivourable to eminence in, ii. 306, n.


Zacynthius, description of, and etymology, i. 454, n.

Zanehio, a castle of the Venetiaiu, ruins of, at Navarino, n. 199, n.

Zande, etymology and colonisation, iiu 14.

Zeno commands the Boeotian auxiliaries sent to the Syracusana^ iii. 178.

ZeugUm, the middle tier of rowers, ii. 250,n.

Zetiis, the statue of Juno at Agrigentum his masterpiece, ilL 13, n.


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Online LibraryThucydidesThe History of Thucydides. Newly tr. into English...with very copious annotations...Prefixed, is an entirely new life of Thucydides: with a memoir of the state of Greece, civil & military, at the beginning of the Peloponnesian war → online text (page 59 of 59)