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iv. 50. 14) succeeded Xerxes B.C. 465. correct form of the name, ace. to Hdt.

See on c. 137. 21. 5. tirnYcfymj : v ii. 137. 12; Xen. //e//. vi. 2. 3; and

see on c. 3. 9. C/- c. 114. 7; iii. 34. Bockh, /nscr. I. No. 165. It lay on the

8; 82. 5. southern coast of the Argive penin-

ol 8e ...yop : see on c> 3 1 - 7- sula (Curtius, Pelop. II. 461, 579).

<rrpaTvo'|xvoi : probably, after the The district is called ^ 'AAicis in ii.

reduction of a large portion of the 56. 14. 3. KeKpv^aXetq. : an island

island (c. 94. 5), an Athenian force in the Saronic gulf, between Aegina

had been stationed there. 7. wa- and Epidaurus. 4. IIeXoirovvT]o-iwv:

irX.v<ravTes : i.e. up stream. Cf. Hdt. i.e. the Corinthians and Epidaurians,

ii. 4. 19, ocaTrAoos OTT^ 0aAacr<n7s dva rbv perhaps with the Kalians and other

n-oTa.ti.6v. 9. TWV 8vo fiepwv : i'.e. of inhabitants of the Acte. KO.I VIKWV

three. See on c. 74. 6. 11. ot pi] 'A67]vaioi : and this time the Athenians

vvairooTavTS : i-e. el rives (j.% ^wairt- were victorious, retaliation being indi-

ffrr]<ra.v. cated by the repetition of the same

10."i. Battles of the Athenians with words.

the Corinthians and the Aeyinetans. 9. AcwKparous : ace. to Plut. Arist.



THUCYDIDES I. 105.



231




o/rXtras, rrporepov K.opLv0L(ov /cat 'E7ri8aty)ian> e

t/3acra,i', ra 8e a.Kpa rfjs Fepavetas /careXa/3ov /cat es
Meya/3t'Sa /care^crav KopivBiOL yaera rwv ^v/x/Aa^wv,

15 vo/xtovres dSwdrovs eo~eo~$at 'A^rpatovs fiorjOtiv rots
Meyapevcrtf eV re AiytVTj aTrovcr^? crrparta? TroXX^? /cat
e^ AtyvTTTQj ^v 8e /cat fiorjOoxTiv, air* Atytir^? aVao-rry-
o~ecr$at avrov?. ot 8e 'A^vatot ro yu.eV 77/365 Aiylvr) 4
crrpareu/za ov/c eKLvrjcrav, ro>v 8' e/c rrj? TToXecos u?roXot-

20 7raji> ot re TrpecrySurarot /cat ot ^ewrarot a^iKvovvran e?
ra Meyapa MvyowvtSou (rTpaTrj-yowTO^. /cat /za^? yei^o- 5
/jLevrjs IcroppOTTOv Trpo? Koptv^tov? oiKpL0r)crav O.TT' a.XX7y-
Xwv /cat eVojLtto-at' avrot e/cctrepot ov/c eXacrcrov e^et^ eV
ra> epyw. /cat ot /xef 'A^vatot (eKpaTTjcrav yap o/xto? 6

25 yu-aXXov) aTre\06vT(ov rwv KopivOioiv rpoTrcuov

ot 8e Koptv^tot /ca/ct^o/xevot VTTO raii^ eV riy TroXet
(TJ3vTpa>v /cat Trapacr/cevacra/xet'ot ^/xepas v&repov Sa>Se/ca



20. 1, he was a general also at Plataea.

12. irpoVepov . . . e'lrixovpovs : z'.e.
in the battle of 1 ; an auxiliary
contingent sent by the authorities of
the league. 13. TCI aicpa TTJS Fcpa-
veias : they thus controlled the pas-
sage of the Isthmus. Curtius, Pe/. I.
8 ; II. 531. 17. rjv 8c KCI : /caf, ac<-
a/fy, suggests a doubt as to the occur-
rence ; see on c. 15. 7. clvatrTTJo-c-
<rflai: c/ vii. 49. 10; 50. 22; viii. 27.
28 ; applied to the removal of a force
from a post occupied for some con-
siderable time.

18. irpos Al-y^n : i.e. before the
city of Aegina, which they were be-
sieging, 9. 19. TWV 8e K TT]S iro'Xews :
proleptic, as c. 8. 9; 18. 1; 63. 8;
due to the influence of a.<j>iKvovvrai
(G. 1225 ; H. 788 ; Kiihn. 448), but
peculiar in the addition of \nro\oiiriav.

20. 01 T . . . vcwraToi : these per-



formed military service only in ex-
traordinary cases ; the former were
between 50 and 60, the latter below
20 years of age. Gilbert, Griech. Alt.
I. p. 301. 21. MupwvCSov: a great
name among the leaders of the older
generation. See c. 108. 7 ; iv. 95. 12;
Ar. Eccl. 302; Lys. 801; Plut. Per.
16. 3.

22. Uroppo'irov : of indecisive en-
gagements. Cf. vii. 71. 2. 23. av-
roi : placed for emphasis before 6a-
repoi. OVK \ao-o-ov \iv : cf. ii. 22.
12; iii. 5. 7; iv. 25. 20; vii. 5. 16;
36. 16; viii. 61. 17. v TO> e'p-ya) : in
the action. Cf. c. 107. 28; ii. 89. 42;
iv. 32. 24 ; viii. 42. 12.

24. KpaTT]<rav : the position im-
plies " in fact they had got the better."
26. Kcucito'fMvoi : cf. ii. 21. 23. 27.
rrapao-KvacrapLvoi . . . eXOo'vrss : ichen
after about twelve days' preparation they



THUCYDIDES I. 105, 106.



jaaXtcrra e\06vTt<s av0L(TTacrav Tpoiralov /cat avrot a)<? VLKTJ-
cravres, /cat ot 'AQrjvcuoL eK/3or)6ij<TavTe<; e/c rail' Meya-
30 po)v rov? re TO TpoiTfuov io~TaVra<j Sta<$et/>oucri /cat rot?
106 aXXots v/x/3aXoVre9 eKparrja-av. ot Se VLK^^VOI vrre- l
X&povv, /cat rt avrwv /aepos ou/c oXtyov 7ry>oo-/3tao-#ef /cat
Sta/xa/3r6i> TT}? 6Sov eVeVeo-ei' e? rov ycapiov tStwrov, <w
ervyev opvy^a /xeya Trepieipyov /cat ov/c 77^ 6^0805. ot Se 2
5 'A^vatot yz/oVres /caret Trp6(ra)Tr6v re elpyof rots OTrXt'rats
/cat Tre/noTTjo-ai'Tes KVK\O) rov? i//tXov? /careXeucrav Tra^ras
rovs ecre\06vTa<s, /cat Tra^o? /xeya rovro KopLv0LOi<; eye-
ro Se 77X^09 aTre^wp^cre^ avrot? r-ijs crr^arta?



marched out: the ace. rifntpas
with irapaffKevaffd/Aevot, and this sub-
ordinate to f\06vTes. St. and B.
follow Madvig in reading ^f/>cus;
but this would isolate ira.pa.ui(euo.<Ta.-
Hfvoi. too much. 28. oWKcrracrav . . .
5ia4>0Lpoucn. : the two sentences in
parataxis (c/. c. 26. 16; 61. 1), in the
same temporal relation as c. 48. 2, 3,
the thing attempted being expressed
by the impf., and its interruption by
the pres. For al avrol, see on c. 50.
18. 29. 'xf3oi]6T]o-avTcs : only here in
Thuc., and in Hdt. only in ix. 26. 11 ;
frequent in later writers. 30. TOIS
oXXois : z.e. those who meanwhile had
come to aid their friends.

106. The Athenians cut off a de-
tachment of the Corinthians.

1. viKcofxevoi : partic. pres. corre-
sponding to tvlKtav (c. 13. 31; 49. 24;
iii. 8. 5); so c. 70. 17; ii. 47. 17; 51.
23 ; 60. 22 ; v. 73. 12 ; vii. 23. 13. It
is here pred. to virex<t>pouv. 2. KCU
TI vTt. : parataxis, as in c. 105. 28.
n-poo-piao-Oe'v : this verb here only.
irp6s has the same strengthening force
Kii^eiv, iii. 61, 14: iv.



87. 8; v. 42. 19; viii. 76. 32. But
Kr. conjectures Trpo/SicwfleV. 3. 4's
TOW \(opov ISioSrov : for the order, cf.
c. 45. 8; 53. 17. J: refers to xp' l V>
and is probably governed directly by
e-rvxev, sc. uv (see on c. 32. 9; and cf.
Lys. xxiv. 5 ; and Thompson on Plat.
Phaedr. 263 c) with wepteTpyov as ad-
ditional pred. Herbst, Philol. 1866,
p. 651, makes avriav /ue'pos OVK 6\iyov,
2, antec. to <, taken as dat. of interest
to eruxe (= 'met') and OVK ?>v e|o5os.
But this is very unlikely, in view of
vii. 81. 22, avei\i)9fVTfs s Ti. x< a P<- v >

6? KVK\fi! fJ.fV Tfix'l0t> Trfptrjv. 4. Kal

OVK i^v e^oSos : stands as a second
member of the relative sentence, as
if Kal ' ou. See on c. 42. 2; 68. 15;
ii. 4. 25.

5. tlp-yov : Schol., tK(a\vov fe\8e'iv.
rots dir\iT<us : cf. c. 48. 12 ; 49. 18.
Kara. Trpoffcairov and irepiffrfiffavTes
KVK\CI> are opposed. 6. Kart'Xevcrav :
i.e. with such stones as were at hand,
with or without slings. 8. TO TT\T}-
0os : the main bod// ; opp. to the /j.(pos
OVK o\lyov. avVois : cf. c. IO2. 1.
Bockh, Inscr. I. No. 165,' p. 292 ; C. I.



*O1. 80. 1; fi.c. 459.
**O1. 80. 2; B.C. 458.



THUCYDtDES I. 107.



233



107



* *HpavTo Se Kara TOVS ypovovs rovrovs /cat ra /j,a- 1
e<? OaXacrcrav 'A.OyjvaloL ot/coSo/u,eu>, TO re <l>a-



/cp

\.r)pov$e /cat TO es Ilet/aaia. /cat <l>aj/ceW o-rpaTevo-aWaw 2
e? Awptas TTp Aa/ceSat/>toi>tW /x^TpoVoXtv, Botoi/ /cat
5 KvTivtov /cat 'Epuseov, ** /cat eXovratv ev rwv 7roXio-/AaY&>
. ot Aa/ceSat/u,oVtot Nt/co/zi^Sou? TOT) KXeo/Jiftporov
nXetcTToaVa/CTos TOV HavcravLov /SacrtXewg, i/eov 6V-
TOS en, T7yov/u,eVov e/3ot]0r)O'av Tot?
7re^Ta/coo~tot5 /cat ^tXtot? OTrXtTat? /cat TO>V
10 ptot?, /cat TOV? <!><y/cea9 oynoXoyta d^ay/cacrai'Te? a-

T^ TroXti' aire^upovv TTOL\LV. /cat /caTa Od\a(rcrav pev 3
avrovs, 8ta TOV Kpto~atou /coXTrov et /8ovXoti/To irtpaiov-
vavcrl



TC



^. 1. 433 ; Hicks, No. 191, for a remark-
able record of the events recorded in
the three last chapters, naming the
citizens of the tribe Erechtheis who
fell in these campaigns : 'Epex^i'Sos
oi'Se ^v T(J? iro\ffj.Cj> airtftavov fi> Kvirpca,
tv AiyvTTTu, tv QOIVIKTI, fv 'A\ievffiv,
fv Alyivri, Meyapo? TOV avrov fviavrov.
Thuc. does not notice the Phoenician
affair, nor the Inscr. the action off
Cecryphaleia. Bockh assumes for
these events the civil year, 01. 80. 3,
B.C. 458-7 ; Kr. Stud. I. p. 162, B.C.
460, from spring to autumn ; 01. 79.
4-80. 1.

107. The long walls at Athens be-
gun ; the Lacedaemonians, who had
gone to support the Dorians, hindered
on their return by the Athenians.

1. T|'p|avTo : the completion is men-
tioned in c. 108. 12. In this con-
nexion of city and harbour, which
identified the power of Athens with
the sea, the democracy recognized
the surest guarantee of its stability.
2. TO 4>oXt]po'v8 : of 35 stades ; rb
ts netpom : of 40 stades. See ii. 13.



7. The latter afterwards consisted
of a double wall (rb &6peiov xa.1 rb i>6-
riov). But at first only the northern
line was constructed ; the southern
one (rb 5io /teVov T<XOS) was added
about B.C. 440, by the advice of
Pericles. Plat. Gorg. 455 e, and
Curtius, Zu den Sieben Karten, p. 33.

4. Acopids : applied both to district
and inhabitants ; and so the appos.
rriv /j.r]Tp6iro\iy, as in iii. 92. 9. Cf.
Ildt. viii. 31. 7 (who, c. 43. 8, mentions
a fourth town, Pindus) ; Strab. x. 4. 6.
6. NiKO(iTJ8ovs : see on c. 94. 1. 7.
pacnXs'us : appos. to T\\eurToa.va.KTo-.
11. airt^uJpovv : they began their
return march. See on c. 87. 1.

12. Sid TOV Kpuraiov Ko'Xirov : they
may have intended to take ship at
Cirrha, as Cl. suggests ; but Thuc.
always uses this name for the Corin-
thian gulf. See ii. 69. 4; 83.2; 92.
22 ; 93. 1 ; iv. 76. 10. For the order
of words, see on c. 77. 4. 13.
fj.X.Xov Kb>Xv'<riv : it teas to be expected
that they would hinder. Thuc. uses
the fut. inf. after fj.t\\etv (regarded



234



THUCYDIDES I. 107.



Sta Se TT}S Tepaveias OVK dcr^>aXes e'^atz/ero auTots

15 vaitov )(6vT<i)v Meyapa /cat Il^yas 7ropevcr0cu, SucroSds

re yap 17 FepdVeta /cat e^povpelro act VTTO 'A.6r)vaLQ)v,

/cat rdre rjcrBdvovTO aurovs /z.eXXoi'Tas /cat ravrr) /ccuXvcretv.

S' avTots cV BotcoTOts 7reptju,etvacri cr/cei//acr^at dra; 4
oVw dcr^aXecrrara StaTropevcroi'Tat. TO Se' Tt /cat aVSpe?
20 TO)^ ' A0r)vai(t)v eTrrjyov auTous Kpv<j)a cXTTtcrai'Te? Sfj/jLOv
re KaTCLTravcreiv /cat TO, /xa/cpa Tei^rj ot/coSoynov/xei'a. eflor}- 5
0r)crav Se eV avTov? ot 'A^^atot TravBrjfJLel /cat

Se eyeVoiTO TeTyoa/ctcr^tXtot /cat /zvptot. vofMLcravTe^ Se 6
25 airopelv 6irr) SteX^wcrtv eTTeo-TpaTevo-av avTot?, /cat Tt /cat
TOV $TJfJLOv /caTaXv crews V7roi//ta. ^X^oi' Se /cat ecrcraXai^ 7

as a verb of thinking) in preference
to the pres. (as after a verb of j/W).
C/*. c. 10. 31; 22. 2; 114. 4; 130. 10;
132.30; 134. 3; ete. Pres. and fut.
together, vi. 42. 3. The Mss. vary as
usual. 15. Me'-yapa Kal Ilrj-yais : see
c. 103. 13. iropcvetrOai : in c. 26. 5
with ireffi, of a march by land. 081'-
e' is usually opp. to TrAelV. Svcro-
8os : occurs here only. Curtius,
Pelop. II. 552. 17. Kal TO'T : in
addition to the natural difficulties of
that route, active opposition on the
part of the Athenians was threat-
ened. Kal ravrfl : i.e. as well as /caret

18. O'TIO Tpo'ircp : with fut. indie., for
the more usual oirtoj. So iv. 128. 23;
vi. ii. 25; 44. 23; viii. 43. 12; 48.
23; 63. 20. 19. r<5 B TI KaC: (in
25 /cai rt (taO adds a collateral reason ;
and besides. Cf. c. 118. 12; vii. 48.
7. avSpes TCOV 'AOrjvaCwv: i.e. of
the aristocratical party. For the use
of oVSpes for rives, see on vi. 10. 5.
20. 'inyyov : were seeking to introduce.
So the act. in ii. 85. 21 ; viii. 46. 9 ;



though usually the mid. 5-rjp.ov : the
democratic constitution ; of tener with
/caTo.A.ueii', Ka.Ta.\vffi$ : see iii. 81. 20;
v. 76. 6; 81. 8; vi. 27. 11; 28. 10;
viii. 49. 5; 54. 17; 64. 9; 65. 2; 68.
2, 27 ; 86. 8, 47. Karairaveiv also of
political changes, v. 26. 3 ; viii. 97.
5. The long walls would greatly
strengthen the democracy.

21. e'f3oT](h]<rav : (a) HorjOelv eVt TI-
vas ' to carry force against ' them ;
(b) eVl (f's) r&irov, 'to carry aid to' it.
Am. Cf. (a) iii. no. 8; iv. 25. 32;
108. 28; (6) iii. 97. 14; iv. 8. 3; 42.
15; 72. 2; vi. 65. 20; vii. 18. 4; viii.
60. 15. iravSijiuC : includes either
the whole population, as c. 73. 22 ; 90.
22 ; v. 82. 26 ; or the whole military
force, as here, ii. 31. 2; v. 64. 6. In
this case it appears that even the
force in possession of Geraneia was
withdrawn. 23. cos sKacrroi : cf. c.
67. 13.

25. oirr| Sic'XOcoo-iv : deliberative
subjv., as ii. 4. 29; 52. 11; iii. 112. 22.
26. TOV ST{|XOV : Kr. conjectures
Troy STJMOV, because 5rj/j.os is often used



*O1. 80. 4; B.C. 457.



THUCYWDES I. 107, 108.



235



rots



Kara TO



ot



108



Se



rov?
et> Taz^aypa r^5 Botama? CVIKW Aa/ceSat/zoViot

os eyeVero ap,<f)OTpo)V 7roXv<?. /cat 2
Aa/ceSat/zoVtot /xe^ es r^v MeyaptSa eX$oVres /cat SevBpo-



tcr#/z



ov



/cat ot



vraXtv arrrjXOov eV ot/cov Sta Tepaveias /cat
*A0r)valoL Se Sevrepa /cat e ^77 /co 0-777 i^/zepa yu,era
eorTpdrevcrav es Botwrov? MvyocuvtSov err par?) -
yowro?, /cat f^o-XV ^ v Olvo(f)VTOi<s TOU? Bot&>rot>s VLKijcrav- 3
re? r^g re ^ajpas e/cyoar^crai' r^? Botwrta? /cat <I>aj/aSo5,
10 /cat Tavaypaitov TO ret^o? TreptetXot' /cat Ao/cpwz^ T<UI>



in this sense without the art., and
here KaraAtVtcos is without it. But
5f)fj.os, the democratical constitution (be-
sides the places cited by Kr. and P.),
has the art. in v. 76. 5; viii. 54. 17;
68. 3, 14 ; and Time, often omits the
art. with a governing subst. when a
gen. precedes. C/". c. 3. 1 ; n. 2;
36. 11. viroxj/ia: after vo^lffavres',
see on c. 80. 3, where the order is
reversed. 27. rois "AOtjveuois : see
on c. 13. 12. Kara TO x>(xnaxiKo'v :
see c. 102. 21 ; ii. 22. 17. The word
is rare, except in Thuc. Cf. ii. 101.
15; Hi. 3. 19; 91. 7; iv. 6i.l5; v.6.6;
etc. ot |XTe'o-rno-av : rel. clause with
adversative force ; but these passed
over. See on c. 35. 15.

108. The Athenians are defeated by
the Lacedaemonians at Tanagra; as
two months later the Boeotians are by
the Athenians at Oenophyta.

2. Tava-ypa: on the Asopus, near
the Attic border. C'VIKUV: this posi-
tive assertion must outweigh the
opposing statements of later writers
(Plat. Menex. 242 b; Diod. xi. 81. 6;
Justin, iii. 6), who represent the result
differently. A favourable consequence
of this defeat was the recall of Cimon



(see on c. 102. 22) on the motion of
Pericles. Plut. dm. 17. 10; Per.
10. 3.

4. 5ev8pOTOjxTJo-avTs : not to be
changed with v. H. into -/coirTjtravTey,
though hardly occurring elsewhere.
Metaphorical in Ar. Pax, 747. The
reference is specially to the destruc-
tion of vines and olives. 6. Scvrc'pq.
. . . TJpepo. : by this precise date and
the condensed brevity of the account,
Thuc. indicates the surprising charac-
ter of these successes.

8. Olvo<j>vTois : Schol., ~x,(aplov TTJS
BoicoTi'as, of uncertain position. Kie-
pert marks it on the Asopus, a few
miles east of Tanagra. 9. Kpan]-
o-av : not so much by further victo-
ries as by the support given to the
democratical faction in the various
towns, whose preponderance lasted till
the battle of Coronea, B.C. 446, c. 113.
T^S X"*P as T1 "1S Boiwrias : i.e. the
country except Thebes, but Grote,
Hist, of Gr., V. c. 45, p. 187, includes
Thebes ; on p. 202 he quotes Arist.
Pol. \. 3. 5 (1302 b, 29) as implying
that a democracy was established
there also at this time. 10. ircpici-
X.ov : for the usual Ka6t'i\ov ; again in



236



T.HUCYD1DES I. 108, 109.



* 01. 81. 1 ; B.C. 456.



e/carov .aVSpas onrfpovs rovs
, ra re re 1^17 ra kavrav ra /za/cpa
* aj/xoXoy^crav Se /cat Atyti^rat /xera ravra rot? 'A^i/at- 4
ots Tei^T/ re TrepteXwre? /cat vaus TrapaScWes <f)6pov re
15 TadfjivoL es roi^ eVetra ^povov. /cat IleXoTroW^croj' 77e- 5
piTrXevcrav ' A.0r)iscuoi ToX/xt'Sov rov ToX/zatou crryaar^-
yowTO9, /cat TO veaJpiov TO Aa/ceSatjLto^twt' eveTrprja'av /cat
XaX/ctSa }LopivQid)v iroXiv elXov /cat. ^t/cua>z>tovs eV a,7ro-
/3ao~et Try? yiys pv-XO eKparirjcrav.

109 Ot 8' a/ r^ AtyvTTTW 'A^vatot /cat ot ^v^a/xa^ot eVe- 1
, /cat avrot? TroXXat tSeat TroXejawv Karecrrrjcrav. TO 2
yap irpuTov eKpdrovv rrjs AlyvTrrov 'A0r)V(uoi, /cat



TTJS yr\3 ' cf. irapa.ir\ovs r?)S 'IraAiay,
c. 36. 11; 7/}s irarp'fas v6vros, Eur.
/. T. 1006; in adpulsu litoris,
Tac. Hist. ii. 59. Kiihn. 414, 4. 19.
jieix.Il Kpart]o-av : Time, joins Kparflv
with the ace. when it is used with
yuaxj) or /j.ax6/J-evos (ii. 39. 14; iv. 67.
29), or, more rarely, when the con-
nexion clearly implies this (ii. 39. 18 ;
iii. 99. 3) ; otherwise always with the
gen. ; for in viii. 25. 23, iv TTJ /j.dxy
belongs to |iWj3?j; and in viii. 62. 7
the gen. is to be regarded rather
as abs.

109. Final defeat of the Athenians
in Egypt. .

1. c'lre'iievov, teal . . . Kareo-Tijo-av :
parataxis ; = while they icaited in
Eijijpt (since B.C. 460, see c. 104, 2)
occurred, etc. Kart(rrr}ffav, complexive
aor. summing up a series ; see on c.
6. 3. 2. tSe'cu : used in vi. 4. 31 in
its literal sense of ' figure.' Time.,
who is fond of the word, uses it else-
where for 'manner, mode'; and only
here in pi., of vicissitudes in war
(belli modos, Hor. Car. ii. i. 2);
often with traaa. Cf. ii. 19. 2; iii. 8l.



14 and iv. 51. 1; 133. 2. 11. djjiii-
povs : Cu'rtius, Herm. 10, p. 239, con-
siders that this was a punishment for
the participation of these Locrians
in the undertaking directed against
Athenian interests, referred to on c.
103. 3. TOVS irXovo-ucoTeiTOvs : for
the position, cf. in 12 TO. pax pa, added
as a supplementary explanation.
12. TCI T rtt\r\ : the last member of
the enumeration. Cf. c. 67. 6 ; 69. 3 ;
76. 12 ; 90. 7 ; and so in 14, <f>6pov re.
13. cifioXo yijo-av : see on c. 101. 12.
This was after a siege of nearly three
years ; see c. 105. 9. P. follows Diod.
xi. 78. 5, who makes it last nine
months only. 16. ToXptSou : son of
Tolmaeus. On names from similar
stems, see on c. 29. 7. 17. TO vew-
piov : Gythium, see Paus. i. 27. 5 ; at
the northwest corner of the Laconian
gulf, now Marat honisi, Curtius,
Pel. II. 270. 18. XoXKiSa: no doubt
the place mentioned in ii. 83. 18 near
the mouth of the Evenus in Aeto-
lia, which was then in the hands of
the Corinthians. The Schol. wrongly
places it in Acarnania. <xiro3curi



*0l. 81. 1; B.C. 456.



THUCYDIDES I. 109.



237



u? Tre'/ATret. e? Aa/ceSat)aoz/a Meyd/Ja^oi' av^pa Tlepcnjv
ovra, OTTO)? e's rrjv 'Arrt/cir)v ccrfiaXelv 7retcr#eV-
row IIeXo7row77crtcuz> air AtyvTrrou aTraydyot y A.0r)vai-
ov?. a>? Se avrw ou Trpov^wpet /cat ra ^prj/JLara dXXaj? dviy- 3
Xovro, 6 />te> Meyd/3aos /cat ra XotTrd TMV xP r )f JL( ^ T(t)V TTCX-
Xtv 5 rty 'Acrta^ e/co^u, icrOrj, MeyaySu^oi^ Se rov ZWTTV/DOU
10 Tre/xTret avSpa Tlepcrrjv /xera crrparta? TroXXr}?' * 05 d<t/cd- 4
Kara yr\v TOU? re Atyvvrrtovs /cat rov?
CKpa-Trjcre /cat e/c r^9 Me)a<^tSog e^Xacre rous
/cat reXo? e<? II^ocrcoTrtTtSa r^ i^Jcrov /care/cXi^cre /cat
eVoXtop/cet eV avr^ eVtai>Toz> /cat 1^ /x^i^a?, ^XP L ^ &P**-'
15 ^a? r^v Stco/3v^a /cat Traparpe^a? dXXr^ TO vSay> rd? re
em rov fypov eVot^cre /cat 7^5 VTJCTOV ret vroXXd i]7ret-
, /cat Sta/3a5 etXe r^v vfjcrov Tre^.



has a sarcastic tone. 9. Mryof3vov :
mentioned in Hdt. vii. 82. 8 and iii.
1 60. 12, where he is said to be the son
of that Zopyrus, who gained Babylon
for Darius. 10. p-trd crrparids iroX-
\T}S : Diod. gives him (xi. 75) with
Artabazus 300,000 men and (xi. 77)
300 ships. 13. IIpoo-wTriTiSa : this
island is mentioned in Hdt. ii.4i. It lay
between the Sebennytic and Canopic
mouths of the Nile, which must have
been joined on the north by a channel,
probably artificial. This Megabyzus
rendered dry by diverting the water
flowing into it (Diod. xi. 77. 2, rov -n-epip-
pfovra iro-rafibv Siwpv^i dia\aB6vres ^TTEI-
pov firo(i\(Ta.v T^V vrjerov). 14. r]pdvas
. . . iraparpt'ij/as : the result stated
before the means; see on c. i. 3.
16. e'irl rov (ftpov e'iroiTjcre : cf. tv ftfap
O,'JTIV iroiflv, C. 62. 14; tvrbs iroirjcrai,
V. 2. 13; fvrbs \ia.v T>V rtL\cav iroir]-
<ras, vii. 5. 14. 17. KO. : introduces
the result of what precedes ; and so.
Cf. c. 99. 12.



22; 83. 1; 98. 15; 112. 23; vii. 29.
26. 3. eKparovv . . . Kal . . . ire'nirci :
see one. 6 i.l. 5. e's TT]V 'ATTIKTIV . . .
air' Atyinrrov : the position shows
strong contrast. 6. dira-Yivyot : c/". iii.
36.4; vi. 73. 9. 7. irpouxiopei : here
impers. as in ii. 56. 12; iii. 4. 19; 18.
4; iv. 59. 16. Elsewhere with a subj.,
V a'tpeffis (ii. 58. 7), rb epyov (viii. 68.
25), or a neut. of general meaning
(c. 74. 28 ; 1 1 1 . 7 ; 1 27. 4 ; ii. 5. 2 ; iv.
18. 21; 73. 20; 101. 11; v. 37. 9; 54.
7; 83. 7; vi. 18. 27;. 74. 11; 90. 7;
103.!!). oXXos: = /iOTTji'. Cf. iv.
36. 2; vii. 42. 25; 47. 17; viii. 78. 9.
ii. 1 8. 8, which Cl. gives here as an-
other instance, is correctly explained
Ijy him there in a different sense.
euT]XovTo : Wecklein, Cur. epigr. p.
34, has shown that ai-aAoCi', dvaAtV/cfif
should have the aug. 77. Cf. ii. 13.
29; 64. 14; 70. 11 ; iii. 81. 16; vi. 31.
38; vii. 48. 35; viii. 31. 17; 45-30;
65. 12. 8. d |AV Me-ycCpa^os xre. :
the use of the common pred. tKOfj.i(rOr}



238



THUCYDIDES I. no.



*O1. 81.2; B.C. 454.



110 * Ovro) IJLCV TO.

err] TroXe^cravra /cat oXtyot dvro TroXXaiv
Sta TT/S At/3v?79 e? KvpTJvrjv IcrwOrjo-av, ot Se TrXetcrrot
ctTTtoXoi'T-o. AtyuTrro? Se iroXiv VTTO /3ao~tXe'a lyivero 2
5 vrX^v 'A/xvpratov rov eV rot? eXecrt /3ao-tXe'w<?- rovrot' Se
Sta ju,eye$dg re TOU eXovg ov/c eSwewro eXett* /cat a/xa
/xa^tjawrarot eto~t raw AtyvTTTt&jv ot eXetot. 'Ivdp<os oe 3
6 At/8v&>i> (3a(Ti\v<s, os ra irdvTa enpa^e Trepl rfjs At-
yuTrrov, TT/DoSocrta Xrj(j)6el<; dvecrTavp(t>0'r). e/c Se raiv 4
10 ' A.9j]vaiv /cat TT]? aXX^? ^u/xyita^tSo? TrevTiJKOvTa rpujpe^
StaSo^ot TrXeoucrat es AtyvTrro^ ca-^ov Kara TO Me^S^crtov
, OVK etSdre? rwv eei/TxeVajv ovSeV /cat avrots e/c



110. ^4n auxiliary force sent later
by the Athenians is almost annihilated,
and Egypt comes again under the do-
minion of the Persian King.

1. TO. T<3v 'E\\T)Vwv irpa-yH.aTa : re-
fers chiefly to the persons engaged;
<Ae Greeks and their undertaking. Cf.
Hdt. vii. 9. 74. Accordingly we have
iro\fj.-fiffavTa instead of the more usual
iro\ffj.riadi>Tuv, which Cobet and v.
H. read. Sh. compares ii. 36. 13,
"EA\7)i/a ir6\efj.ov titt6vra.. 2. dXi-yoi
diro iroXXwv : this use of airo strength-
ens the impression of loss, as in iii.
112. 30; vii. 87. 26. Cf. iv. 9. 3.
Diod. xi. 77 represents the Athenians
as retiring by capitulation, conclud-
ing with f<T(adr)ffav irapa.86(as ts TTJV
irarpiSa. He no doubt follows the
later encomiastic writers. Grote, V.
c. 45, p. 188.

4. viro (3ao-i\a : so the best Mss.,
the inferior having /Soo-jXe?. In iii. 59.
14 and vii. 64. 7 we have yiyvtaBaL inr6
with dat., vi. 86. 17, tlvat inrd with
ace. Herbst, Gegen Cobet, p. 27, cites
all the passages without drawing a
distinction between them. 5.



TCUOV : cf. Hdt. ii. 140. 7 ; iii. 15. 14.
TOIS e'Xeca : the lower parts of the Nile
Delta. Cf. Hdt. ii. 137. 6; 151. 18.
6. teal o|xa . . . clo-i : a direct state-
ment for a causal one. Cf. v. 61. 18;
vii. 47. 7. 8. os TO. TrdvTO. eirpo^c :
ivho had been the originator of the whole
movement. Cf. viii. 82. 10.

10. 'AOtivwv: so Bekk. for "A0jj-
j/aiW of the Mss., which *K will hardly
allow. TT]S dX\r]s u(J.|ia\i8os : here
the members, not the territory, of the
alliance, as in ii. 80. 5 ; v. 36. 4.
On flXXT/s, besides, see G. 966, 2 ; H.
705. Kiihn. 405, note 1 ; Kr. Spr, 50,
4, 11. 11. SuxSoxoi: elsewhere
(iii. 115. 7; vii. 15. 9; viii. 85. 3)
only of persons ; but here, too, the
men are mainly thought of, and so
in 12, eldoTfs. l'<r\ov: put in, usu-
ally with ts or a dat. But /caret,
to designate the point of the coast,
also iv. 129. 12; vi. 97. 3. TO Mtv-
BTJO-IOV Kt'pas : between the Pelusiac
and Sebennytic mouths, named from
the city Mendes. Hdt. ii. 17. 25 ; 42.
6 ; Strab. xvii. i. 18. Kfpas of one of
the Nile mouths (usually a-ropa.) is



*O1. 81.2; B.C. 454.
**O1. 81.3; B.C. 454.



THUCYDIDES I. no, in.
eVtTrecrovre? 7reot /cat e/c 0a\dcra"r)S



239



VOAJ-



/carayetv.



re

TLKOV biefyBeipav ras TroXXag ra>v vewv, at 8* e'Xacr<rou9
15 Ste'^uyoz' TraXw. ra p,ei> Kara rr)v /LteyaX^v ar/aaretav'A^- 5

vai(DV /cat ro^ ^vfjLfjid^a)v e? AtyvTrro^ ovrw? ereXevr^crez'.
Ill 'E/c Se @eo-<raXtas 'Opecrn?? 6 'E^e/cpartSov uto? rov 1
ecrcraXa)i> /SacrtXe'oos (f>vya)i> eneicrev 'A^^atovs eavrov
* /cat 7rapaXa/3dvre<? Botwrou? /cat



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