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A Colorado summer. Season 1914 online

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University of California Berkeley

i e a. s o n
1 4

Pas s e n^er"Deparimetvt

A-tchison .Topelta- oL vSan-ta, Fe.

T^a.i 1' w ax"

A Sleep Grade on Pike' Pek Cot Wheel Road

A Lesson in Geography. Colorado lies west of Kansas
and Nebraska, east of Utah and south of Wyoming. Aver-
age length east and west is 380 miles; breadth north and
south, 280 miles. Its population now exceeds eight hundred
thousand. The largest cities are: Denver, Pueblo, Colorado
Springs, Leadville, Cripple Creek, Trinidad, Aspen, Glen-
wood Springs, Canon City and Grand Junction.

Its plains country, comprising the eastern third of the
state, averages a mile in height above the sea. Colorado
starts in where Mount Washington leaves off. The moun-
tains rise out of this plateau to an altitude, in some instances,
of nearly two miles more.
( The mountains proper, including foothills and park
)L systems, occupy two-thirds of the total area. The principal
fi\ ranges have a general north and south trend. The Conti-
" -lental Divide separates the eastern from the western part of
the state.

Four great systems of parks, lying at an elevation
of 7000 to 9000 feet, hemmed in by mountains and wm-

I*. S. Signut Sialloo
Summit ol 1'ike't Peak









Sanere de Crislo Ranee, from Cripple Creek Short Line

tered by numerous streams, afford camping places for summer
tourists. North Park has an area of 2500 square miles;
Middle Park, 3000 square miles; South Park, 1000 square
miles, and San Luis Park, 9400 square miles.

This 60,000 square miles of mountains, parks and pla-
teaux is watered by great rivers into which flow smaller
streams, the valleys varying in altitude from 4000 to 8000
feet There are nearly one thousand lakes in Colorado,
and upward of two hundred and fifty snow-fed creeks and

No other mountains in the world are quite like the /
Rockies. Mount Blanc and the Jungfrau are here out- (
matched many times. The mountain systems of Colorado i
occupy five times the area of the Alpine chains. There are
in Colorado more than a hundred peaks, each more than
13,500 feet high, and forty exceeding an altitude of
14,000 feet while the mean elevation of the Alpine
ranges is only 8500 feet.

Glacier Lake, on
"Swiuerland Trail of America"

A Talk About Climate. The altitude of Colorado
ranges from 4000 to 14,000 feet. The climate varies from
1 the cold of perpetual snow on the mountain peaks to an
almost tropical balminess in the lower and southern valleys.
But all places in Colorado have pure dry tir and an
abundance of sunshine.

Along the K.imjun Range the sun shines two-thirds of
the possible time, while in the Atlantic Coast cities the
1 percentage is less than one-half.

Colorado's soil is dry. porous and sandy. The atmos-
phere contains only twenty-five to forty-five per cent of
; saturation.

The Devil's Slide, on Cripple Creek Short Line

The average annual fall of rain and melted snow is nearly
fifteen inches, being thirty-five inches less than at Boston.
There is a rapid warming up where the sun shines, and
^an equally rapid cooling at night. The monthly mean
; temperature at 1:00 p.m. for January is given at 28 degrees;
- for May, 74 degrees; July, 85 degrees; August, 81 degrees;
September, 72 degrees, and December, 45 degrees. One
may experience either extreme by going up and down the
scale of altitude, or advancing into and retreating from the
mountains When summer heat is most intense a step into
the shade always brings relief, because the air quickly parts
with its warmth. A difference of fifty degrees between sun-
shine and shade is not uncommon. The Colorado summet
may be likened to that of Manitoba and the White Mountains

A short and pleasant winter is the rule. Winter docs
out begin until the middle of December, and ends by the
iirst of March. Then a cool spring sets in, continuing until
the latter part of May, when summer opens. This latter is
the charming period of the year. Summer weather con-
tinues until October in the valleys and on the plains.

Showers are frequent during June and July, especially in
(he afternoons. They serve to cool the air and lay the
dust, and do not seriously mar outdoor pleasures.

The Sportsman's Paradise. The closed season for
deer in Colorado lasts until 1918; on mountain sheep,
antelope, elk and quail until 1924. For information about
the open seasons on prairie chickens, native grouse, sage
chickens, ducks, geese, brant, swans, cranes, plover, snipe
and doves, also trout and whitefish communicate with the

< hir.iv i> Surrounded by Lofty Mountains

State Game and Fish Commissioner, Denver. Hunting and
fishing licenses are required.

The nearest point to Denver for big game is Lost Park,
reached by taking the Colorado & Southern to Pine Grove
or Estabrook, and thence about twenty miles by horses
over easy trails.

The tamer sport of shooting jackrabbits may be indulged
in near Lamar and Rocky Ford. Coyote hunts are fre-
quently organized at Colorado Springs.

In the northwestern portion of the state are hundreds of '
square miles of country teeming with deer. Routt, Rio
Blanco and Garficld counties form a vast game preserve.

The usual outfitting points for a trip into this country
are Wolcott, Yampa, Steamboat Springs, Glenwood Springs,
Rifle and DeBeque, the last more especially for the Book
Cliff and Grand Mesa country. From Rifle or Do

Hunting Party Leaving Glenwood Sprino

hunters may reach Rifle Falls Ranch and Glen Bculah Park.

The points within easy reach of Glenwood Springs are
Grizzly Creek, about six miles up the Grand Valley; Sweet-
water Lake, forty miles distant; the Crystal River country t
and South Fork of the White River, fifty miles away, from
whence can be taken in the entire White River country,
the mecca of the hunters after big game.

At Marvine Lakes, forty miles from Glenwood Springs,
ihe Marvine Gun Club has erected a substantial clubhouse.
Thirty five miles east lies Trapper's Lake, a sheet of water
famed for trout.

Over well-defined trails visitors may ride to Deep Creek
Lake, twenty-eight miles from Glenwood, and to Big Fish
Lake, sixty miles, either of which have practically the same
attractions as Marvine or Trapper's.

The railroad up Crystal River has opened up a country
heavily stocked with game and fish.

This I urn li Talr (tootl

Camping Oul in the Rockies

For deer the Little Book Cliff country, lying from
fifteen to forty miles north of the town, can be relied upon.
Twenty miles north of DeBeque is the Newton Ranch,
from which a new trail has been built. There is also a deer
park established at this point, having within its confines
probably a thousand animals.

Twenty-five miles south of DeBeque is the Grand Mesa,
a majestic line of precipitous cliffs 10,500 feet high. On
top is a rolling country many miles in extent, dotted with
chain of thirteen lakes.

The extension of the Moffat Road to Steamboat Springs,
214 miles west of Denver, opens up the shortest route to
Northwestern Colorado, the big game country. The hunter
leaves Denver in the morning, and by night is at Yampa, the
outfitting point for Trapper's Lake, Twenty Mile Park, the
Flat Top Mountains and other sections which abound in
feathered game and bear.

Near Denver the visitor still can find satisfactory trout-
fishing. A day's trip up Plattc Canyon will open up twenty-
five miles of good water, the stream being stocked with
from 1,500,000 to 2,000,000 fry every year. These are from
the Government and Slate hatcheries, and keep the river
well supplied.

Wellington Lake, six miles from South Plattc station, on
the C. &S., has fine fishing. Daily stages in each direc-
tion, and also to Lake Cheesman, a large artificial lake in
the heart of the Rockies.

For the Fisherman. West of the Continental Divide,
I reached by the new Moffat Road, are scores of streams,
flowing into the Grand and Yampa Rivers, through an al-
most unbroken wilderness. This region is so new that its
waters seldom have been visited by fishermen.

Gunnison River, reached by the Denver & Rio Grande,
is the mecca of the "big" fishermen living between Denver

Fiihing on Gunnison River, Denver & Rio Grande R. R.

and Salt Lake. Many of the streams emptying into
the Gunnison River arc even better than the maio
stream. A trip from Gunnison to Sapinero and then
up to Lake San Cristova! will give excellent results.
Wagon Wheel Gap, on the Rio Grande River, in the
southern part of the state, is a famous place for fish.

Frying Pan River, at the base of the Continental Divide,
isa noted fishing-ground, all the way from Hell Gate to Basalt.
At Nast, Biglow, Castles and Norrie stations, on the Colorado
Midland, there are rustic hotels, cottages and cabins where
fishermen and others will find accommodations.

Cottonwood Lake, near Buena Vista, is a well-stocked
stream. There are numerous trout streams flowing down
the slopes of Mounts Princeton, Yale and Harvard.

There is likewise good trout fishing in Platte River
between Lake George and Anlcro. Lake George is stocked
each year with 500,000 trout; this is a new summer resort
being only forty miles west of Colorado Springs on the
^Colorado Midland.

Magnificent fishing-lakes are six miles distant from
Thomasville, on the Colorado Midland.

The public fishing grounds along the Denver, Boulder
& Western are well stocked with trout, especially the lakes
and streams in vicinity of Ward and Eldora stations.

Colorado Springs (population 29.07S) is situated on the
western edge of the Great Plains, five miles from the
easternmost range of the Rocky Mountains, and directly at
the foot of Pike's Peak.

The Pike's Peak Region is America's Playground. No
similar area contains, within so small a radius, such grand
scenery, so varied and so easily accessible. Canyons, parks,
drives, trails, mountain railroads, picnic grounds, camping
sites, turf golf links and good roads each offer opportunity
for recreation and sightseeing. Ample hotel and boarding
accommodations, ranging from the finest in the land to the
simplest, care for upwards of 100,000 summer visitors.

Among the nearby points of interest that should be
visited are: North Cheyenne Canyon and the High Drive;

Trout Fishing, Frying Pan River, along Colorado Midland Ry.

South Cheyenne Canyon and the Seven Falls;
Williams Canyon and the Cave of the Winds; the
Garden ot the Gods; Ute Pass; Pike's Peak, via the Cog
Road to its summit; Monument Park; Manitou, with its
famous mineral springs; Broadmoor; the Crystal Park Auto
trip; Prospect Lake; Monument Valley Park (costing $750,-
000); Phantom Cliff Canyon; Manitou Cliff Dwellings;
Palmer Park; Glen Eyrie; Stratton Park, with its pavilion
seating 4000 persons; Red Mountain; Ml. Manitou scenic in-
cline; and the scenic drive to Canon City and top of Royal

Cheyenne Canyons are rugged gashes in the red granite,
cut to a depth of 1200 feet and threaded by brawling
streams. The South Canyon is more than a mile long, its
profoundest cleavage being arrested by Seven Falls; it is
owned by private parties, an admission fee being charged.
North Canyon is public property maintained as a park.

Star Ranch in-the-Pines is a resort for health, rest an
recreation on the slope of Cheyenne Mountain.

Golf Links Near Colorado Springs

The wonder attraction of catellated Williams Canyon is
the Cave of the Winds, with its stalactites and stalagmites
illuminated by electricity.

The new golf course has plenty of turf. Automobilisls
will find excellent roads; sixty distinct trips radiating from
Colorado Springs. A hundred mountain trails tempt the
pedestrian. Conditions are especially favorable for the
camper. Within a few hours' ride by rail is fine trout fish-
ing. Riding, driving, tennis, trap shooting, cross-country
riding, mountain climbing and picnicking are some of the
other sports.

Manitou. Manitou and Colorado Springs are closely
connected by railroads, boulevards and electric lines.
Colorado City lies midway. They form practically one city.

Manitou lies hidden among the hills at the base of
Pike's Peak, 6335 feet above the sea. The Fontaine-qui-
Bouille (boiling water), fed by melting snows, pirouettes
through the townsite, and furnishes a music of gurgling
waters. Manitou has three groups of mineral springs. The
soda springs, Manitou, Navajo and Shoshone, are in the
heart of the village; the two chalybeate or iron springs,
Iron Utc and Little Chief, are located in Ruxton's Glen,

t i % -i..i I**

while the Minnehaha and Hiawatha groups are half a mile
up in lit- Pass.

The hotels of Manitou are commodious edifices, equipped
with all modern conveniences. They have accommoda-
tions for two thousand guests. The regular season opens
the first of June and closes the first of October. There is
electric car service between the Santa Fe depot in Colo-
rado Springs and the Cog Road depot, where visitors take
the Cog Road up Pike's Peak to the summit.

In Phantom Cliff Canyon, near Manitou, the old cliff-
dwellers' ruins of Southern Colorado have been reproduced.

Ml. Manitou Park is reached by a scenic incline rail-;

Ute Pass Resorts. Cascade, Green Mountain Falls,
Woodland Park and Manitou Park are all attractive summer .
villages lying beyond Colorado Springs in Ute Pass on the
Colorado Midland Railway. From Manitou Iron Springs to
Woodland Park this line is built on a roadbed dug out of ]
solid rock, at an ascending grade of 211 feet to the mile.

The old Ute Pass road was used in the early days for
freighting ores and carrying mails. It has been rebuilt as
an important link in the Pike's Peak Ocean-to-Ocean High,
way, the central trans-continental auto route through Colo-
rado. One of the oldest Indian trails was that down LtePass

Cascade is six miles above Manilou, altitude 7421 feet.
Here the pass widens into a mile-wide park. Here, too, is
a picturesque canyon.

Near the head of Ute Pass, at an altitude of 7734 feet, is
Green Mountain Falls, an attractive resort.

Woodland Park (altitude 8484 feet, and twenty miles
from Colorado Springs) is famed for the view it affords of
Pike's Peak. Here visitors to Skclton's Ranch, four miles
distant, leave the train. At this ranch are forty log cabins;
meals served in large dining room. Social functions are
held in the assembly hall. Horseback excursions are the
thing here.

Across the Continental Divide. En route from Colo-
rado Springs, via Colorado Midland Railway, the traveler
passes up Ute Pass and crosses Hayden Divide at an altitude
of 9198 feet. The descent is through Florissant Canyon to
South Platte River, past Lake George, and along that river
through Eleven-Mile or Granite Canyon. The South Park
country is entered at Idlewild, and, after a thirty-mile run
over meadow land, the ridge (9528 feet) between Platted
River and Trout Creek is crossed; thence the track is built .
high up on the mountain side.

Before reaching Buena Vista there comes into view the '
valley of the Arkansas River, backed by the Collegiate
Range. A few miles from Granite Station is Twin Lakes.

Leadville is one of the world's greatest mining camps,
situated 10,183 feet above sea-level. Evergreen Lakes
(altitude 10,500 feet) are five miles west of Leadville.
Mount Massive is in plain view.


The climb over the Continental Divide begins at
Arkansas Junction. The way upward is carved out of solid
rock a precipice above and beneath.

The train crosses Hagcrman Pass through Busk tunnel
at an altitude of 10,944 feet.

Then begins the Pacific Slope descent, down the Frying
Pan and Roaring Fork Rivers to where they enter the
Grand River at Glenwood Springs. At Hell Gate the track
curves and twists for fourteen miles to reach a point half a
mile below.

Should the trip be made over the Denver & Rio Grande
Railroad to Glenwood the route is slightly different, but
the scenery is of similar grandeur. The traveler passes
Palmer Lake, Colorado Springs, Pueblo, Caiton City, the
Royal Gorge, Leadville, Tennessee Pass and Mount of

Aniras Canyon on D. & R. G. Railroad

the Holy Cross; also the canyons of Eagle and Grand

Glenwood Springs. Glenwood Springs is situated
where the Roaring Fork and Grand Rivers meet, on a slop-
ing plateau, shut in on three sides by steep mountains.
The altitude is 5600 feet.

Sulpho saline thermal springs, fifty in number, boil out
of the ground on both sides of the Grand River, at a tem-
perature of 127 degrees. Their flow is remarkable. These
waters may be enjoyed by means of the vapor cave bath, 01
in the bathhouse, or in the great swimming pool which
covers an acre of ground.

The crowning glory of Glenwood is the Hotel Colorado,
open from May 15th to November 1st

Cripple Creek Short Line. The Florence & Cripple
Creek Railway has a uniform grade of 3.56 per cent, with
maximum curvature of 16 degrees. Colorado Springs is
Uhc starting point.



A June Excursion Parly Among Ihe Snowbanks

At Point Sublime a wonderful panorama Is unfolded.
At your feet, Broadmoor; to the northeast and miles away,
Colorado Springs; in the far distance, the great plains.
North Cheyenne Canyon is hundreds of feet below. St.
Peter's Dome is ascended by twistings and turnings that
require three miles of track to gain an elevation of 540 feet.

At Duffields, eighteen miles out, there is a last view of
Colorado Springs. Three miles west is Summit, 10,000
feet up, the highest point until Cripple Creek is reached.
You pass through the mining towns of Independence,
Goldfield and Victor. Seventy-five miles away the snow-
capped Sangre de Cristo range ("Blood of Christ")
stretches fully three hundred miles north and south, form-
ing the Continental Divide. The journey is resumed
through Elkton and Anaconda on to Cripple Creek.

Cripple Creek was discovered in 1891. The district
covers an area of about six miles square, in which twelve
towns are located, comprising a population of about 15,000.
The output for 1913 exceeded $12,000,000. There are one
hundred mines, employing 3000 miners.

A Trip "Around the Circle." In four days' time one
may travel more than a thousand miles among the Colorado

Gore Range from Santa Ke Peak

/ Rockies and return lo starting point without twice travers-
I ing the same region. The journey is by rail, over the
j Denver & Rio Grande Railroad. The round trip may be
/ made in four to ten days.

Starting from Denver the daily excursion train passes
through Colorado Springs and Pueblo, thence west over L*
Veta Pass to Alamosa, through Toltec Gorge, past the Jicar-
illa Indian agency at Dulce, and on to Durango. From
Durango to Ridgway one may go either via Mancos, (point
of departure for Mesa Verde cliff dwellings). Lizard 1
Pass and Trout Lake, or via Silverton and Ouray with a
X\ unique stage ride.

From Ridgway the route is northward to > se,

thence eastward through the Black Canyon of the Gunnison,
over Marshall Pass and down the Royal Gorge; or the trav-
eler may go from Montrose to Grand Junction, thence via
Glenwood Springs, Grand and Eagle River Canyons, and
Tennessee Pass eastward. The circle trip may be made
in reverse direction if desired.

Palmer Lake and Vicinity. On the summit of I
watershed between the Platle and the Arkansas Rivers, and
near the Rampart Range , lies Palmer Lake, altitude 72
The "lake" is a tiny bit of water. Cottages and tents may
be hired, while hotels accommodate transient guests.

Glen Park is adjacent to Palmer Lake, located at the
base of Chautauqua Mountain.

Pine Crest, close to Palmer Lake, is a modern summei
resort with swimming pool, tennis court, bowling alleys,
mountain livery, trout fishing, etc.

Seven miles from Larkspur station, half an hour's drive,
is the pleasure resort of Perry Park.

Clear Creek and Platte Canyons. When in Denver
the traveler may select any one of several one day e
\ sions into the Rocky Mountains.

One trip is up Clear Creek Canyon through Idaho
Springs, Georgetown and Silver Plume, over the far
famed "Loop;" another is up Platte Canyon to Grant.
Both are via the Colorado & Southern Railway.

Looking East from Top of Royal (Jorge, near Caflon City

Midway in Clear Creek Canyon is Idaho Springs, the
summer home of a considerable transient population,
attracted thither by the hot and cold mineral springs.

Georgetown is a mining camp sustained by the rich
mines in the adjacent hills. Green Lake is a few miles dis-
tant. The world-famed loop is just above Georgetown,
where the railroad track doubles upon itself to overcome
the steep gradient

The ride through Platte Canyon, on the South Park line,
takes one past the summer resorts of Strontia Springs.

Skyline Drive. Near Canon City

Buffalo Park, Pine Grove, Baile>'s, Glcnisle, Shawnee
and Casscll's.

At Bailey's and Shawnee are two artistic hotels, known
as Kiowa Lodge and Shawnee Lodge. They are patterned
after the best Adirondack inns. The South Platte affords
the finest trout-fishing near Denver.

On the way to Platte Canyon a branch of the C. & S.
leads to Morrison, in the foothills. From there a stage road
leads up Bear Creek Canyon to Troutdale Resort, 7100 feet
up among the pines.

Switzerland Trail of America. Trains of the Denver,
Boulder & Western Railroad carry the traveler from Denver
to the crest of the continent in about three hours.

This line is popularly known as the "Switzerland Trail
of America." The route is northwest from Denver through
Platle Valley, thence up Boulder and Four Mile Canyons to
Sunset (7800 feel). At Sunset one branch extends to Rldora,
passing en route Sugar Loaf Mountain, Glacier Lake and
Silver Lake. The other branch, by way of Ml. Alto Park,
terminates at Ward. Kldora nestles almost in the shadow
of James' Peak (14,242 feeO, while Ward is situated near
Long's Peak (H.271 feen.

Arapahoe Glacier is best reached from Kldora station.
Although Glacier Lake occupies only twenty-five acres, it is
a fine place for trout fishing.

The scene pictured below is typical of the summer weather
along this line, if one stays on the train until the top of the
world is reached.

^(A June Snow Scene Ner Wrd
"SwiuerUnd Trail of America"

The Moffat Road. The Denver & Salt Lake Railroad,
known as the "Molfut Road," crosses the crest of the Con- 1
tinental Divide at Corona, and reaches a height of 11,660
feet but sixty miles from Denver a three hours' ride.

At Boulder Park (altitude 8889 feet) there is a chain of
lakes. From here the train swings back and forth across
the bold front of a stupendous wall, finally emerging on the
snow crest of the Great Divide.

Arrow station, eleven miles below, in Middle Park, on
the Pacific slope, is at the end of the one-day round trip.
The present terminus of the D. & S. L., however, is at Craig,
255 miles west of Denver. The mineral waters of Sulphur]
Springs and Steamboat Springs have curative properties.

Georgetown Loop, C. & S. Ry.

Estes Park is seventy miles northwest of Denver; an
irregular valley, fifteen miles long and about two miles
wide, lying a mile and a half above the sea, and enclosed
by mountains which tower from two to seven thousand
feet higher. Long's Peak is accessible for good climbers
at a direct distance of seven miles. The Big Thompson, a
trout stream, flows through the park.

Leave Denver any morning in the tourist season by the
Burlington, through Lyons; the Colorado & Southern,
through Loveland; the Union Pacific, through Ft. Collins;
or the Denver, Boulder & Western, through Ward, a new '
route at base of Long's Peak. Thence the ride is by auto
or team up Big Thompson Canyon.

Resort hotels are: Moraine Lodge and Stead's Hotel, Mor-
aine Park P. O. ; Stanley, Elkhorn Lodge, Rustic and Horse-
shoe Inn., Rock Dale and Long's Peak Inn, F.stes Park P. O.

The City of Denver. Denver is the commercial
metropolis of the Rocky Mountain region and the capital
of Colorado. It is located on the western edge of the .


City of Trinidad and Raton Peak

plains, a mile above sea level. The population in 1910
was 213,381.

Denver is a clean city; a well-built city; an up-to-date
city. Take a walk through the business center and note
the numerous modern buildings. The hotels are better
than hotels in many much larger American cities. A New
Yorker or Bostonian feels at home in them.

I t- 1 1. in. li,< lik.- and Jamn IV.ik on Modal Road


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