Toronto. City Engineer's Dept Boston (Mass.). Engineering Dept.

Annual report of the city engineer online

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1895

1896


76

64


32

33


1897


113


31


1898


136


27


1899


197


55


1900


132


34








ToUl

Year.

1890


1,088

Sewei'g.
Sewers.
121


237

Petitioned Against.


1891


81


1


1892


28




1893


13




1894


7




1896


3


2


1896


6


2


1897


3




1898


3




1899


13


1


1900


14


1



Total 291 7

Sideuialks.
Wooden Permanent Petitioned

Year. Sidewalks. Sidewalks. Against.

1890 370 37

1891 214 14 1



1892 219 7

1893 179 1 • ..

1894 147 9 7

1896 198 18 40

1896 108 12 30

1897 116 27 41

1898 344 64 71

1899 437 88 63

1900 408 146 81



Totals.. 2,740 422 334



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SEWERS, DRAINS AND SPECIAL WORK.

Toronto, December Slst, 1900.
Mr. C. H. Rust, Esq.,

City Engineer.
Dear Sir, — I beg to submit the following report of the work
performed by this Department during the year ending 3 Ist Decem-
ber, 1900.

During the year the following sewers were constructed :

12-in. tile pipe 4,220 lin. feet.

15-in. tile pipe 277

16- in. tile pipe relaid in concrete 566 *'

16-in. tile pipe relaid 200 **

2-ft. X 3-ft brick aewer 897 '*

There are 232 J miles of sewers in the City.
During the year there were

76 new manholes built.
173 manholes repaired.
661 new gullies built.
313 gullies repaired.

72 miles of sewers were flushed and cleaned.

The following is a list of the plans made or revised during the
year :

122 drawings and day labor or contract plans.

92 tracings.
382 sewer plans revised.

There are at present 66 flush tanks in the City, which are
inspected every week. All are in goo3 working order.

QUEEN STREET CULVERT, SIX-FOOT ARCH.
The old stone culvert across Queen Street at Ashbridge's Estate,
east of Greenwoods Avenue, was found in a very bad condition, some
of the roof having fallen in. It was reconstructed for a length
of 42 feet under the car tracks, at a cost of about $325.

GENERAL SEWER REPAIRS.

During the year many short pieces of pipe sewers, which were
thought to be defective, were uncovered and repaired.

In most cases the joints were found to need cementing, while in
some cases the pipes were cracked or broken. In repairing all pipe
sewers over 12 inches in diameter an arch of concrete is now added
to strengthen the pipe. ,



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CITY engineer's REPORT.



31



FILTER BED CROSS SECTIONS.
In the preparation of sewage disposal plans, a large amount of
ground north, east and south of the Woodbine race course, and south
of Queen Street from Leslie Street to Woodbine, and at the Old Fort
and the Garrison Creek Sewer, outlet has been cross-sectioned, and
plans made showing contours. These cross-sections have been carried
out into the Lake or Ashbridge's Bay, and soundings taken to hard
bottom.

MEASURING FLOW OF SEWAGE.

As a preliminary to designing filter beds for sewage disposal,
weirs were placed in each main sewer in the City near its outlet, and
accurate measurements taken cf the dry weather flow of sewage, for
•ach hour of the day and night. The results are given in detail in
the accompanying charts, the general result being a gross dry weather
flow of sewage of 20,745,000 imperial gallons per day, or deducting
water received from West Toronto Junction sewers, or County water
taken in at the City boundary of 898,000 imperial gallons per day,
leaving a net amount of 19,847,000 imperial gallons of City sewage
per iky.

LOCATING MANHOLES AND CULVERTS.

Many of the sewers built from twenty to fifty years ago were
not fully recorded as to structures, position or depth, and during the
year measurements have been taken on 351 streets or portions of
streets,Obtaining information which has been placed on the sewer plans.

PRIVATE DRAINS.
The following is a statement of the private drains constructed
during the year to December 31st, inclusive :

Month. 6-in.
ft.

January 363

February 327i

March 715

April 2,468

May l,596i

June 1,399

July 1,289

August • 1,426

September 1,312

October 1,884

November l,665i

December ?ll



9in.


12-in


ft.


ft.


33




33




C6




132




33




181


33


182




33




226




86




20





Total 15,136J



1,025



33



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32 CITY engineer's rkport.

In addition to the above, 62 private drains were repaired and IS
private drains were flushed out during the year.

The attached schedules and diagrams give all the information
relating to cement tests made in this Department from July 1st, 1899,
to July Ist, 1900. The brick testing is done by this Department;
also all other special Engineering work, exclusive of Roadway work,
was performed by the staff of this Department.

SPECIAL WORK.
Queen Street Bkiugk Abutments.
These abutments were practically completed in 1899, the last
work being done on January 9th, 1900.

Taking Down Queen Street Temporary Bridge, Etc.
In August, when traiBc was opened on the new Queen Street
Bridge over the Don River, the temporary bridge immediately to the
south of it was taken down, the piles pulled out, the C. P. R. station
moved back to a position close to the new bridge and platforms
rebuilt. New gates were contracted for with Piper & Sons for pro-
tecting Queen Street at the crossing of the railway tracks at the west
end of the bridge, and were erected by them.

Keating\s Channel Piling.
The sheet piling on the north side of Keating's Channel, from
the Don Rowing Club building eastward, was extended 165 feet
toward Keating s Channel Bridge. There is about 200 feet still to
do at this point on the north side.

Don River Piling at Queen Street.
The sheet piling on both sides of the Don River at Queen Street
has been completed, a length of about 260 feet having been constructed
at a cost of $1,500.

Dredging Sewage Deposits out of Slips.
The following dredging has been done by the contractor for slip
dredging during the season :

Queen's Wharf channel (Bathurat Street sewer).

Yonge Street sewer outlet.

Church Street slip.

Jarvis Street slip.

Entrance to Sherbourne Street slip

Sherbourne Street slip. '

Entrance to Berkeley Street slip.

Berkeley Street slip (two-thirds dune;.



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CITY engineer's REPORT. 33

The excessive amount of material necessary to remove to obtain
an entrance for the dredge to Sherbourne Street and Berkeley Street
slips has increased the cost of the work this year to a total of $7,600.

Sand Pump Dredging.

The sand pump " Daniel Lamb " has been continuously engaged
during the season. Shields' Cut, Ashbridge's Bay, and Keating's
Channel were both deepened. The remainder of the season^ was spent
at the Island doing the following work :

Widening Clandeboye Avenue and Long Pond east of Hallam's
Bridge ; cutting channels toward the Yacht Club from Clandeboye
Avenue, and opening up a channel and filling in low land at Block-
house Bay. The amount of material removed during the season was
70,000 cubic yards, at a cost of slightly over 7 cents per cubic yard.

The dredge has just been put on the dry dock and thoroughly
overhauled, recaulked and laid up for the season.

Dredging Bertram's Slip.
Under instructions, an agreement was entered into with contrac-
tor Simpson on November 26th for dredging out the slip at Bertram's
ship yard, which was about 7^ feet deep on an average. This had
been dredged to a depth of 10 feet at zero water for a length of
400 feet and width of 66 feet. The material was a mixture of rock
boulders and clay, and the dredging was done to the solid rock ; about
2,500 cubic yards in all was taken out.

Spreet Railway Records.
During the year, complete records have twice been taken from
5.30 a.m. to midnight of the traffic on the various car routes of the
Toronto Railway Co., and returns made showing number of cars,
number of passengers sitting, number of passengers standing, etc.
In addition to this, complete records of the actual schedule under
which the cars on various routes were running have been taken quite
often, and returns made showing whether or not it is in conformity
with the schedule recommended by the City Engineer and adopted
by Council. Various other miscellaneous records have been taken
referring to proposed changes of routes or complaints made by
citizens, etc. This has necessitated the employment of from one to
twenty men for a large portion of the year.
Yours faithfully,

CECIL B. SMITH,

5 — E Assistarit Engineer.



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34



CITY ENGINEERS REPORT.



MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM TEMPERATURES, AND RAINFALL AND

SNOWFALL.



Toronto,


1900.










Temperature.


Precipitation.




Maximum


Mini'um


Rain.


Snow.


January

February


o

46.0
48.0
43.8
70.7
87.5
89.4
94.4
98.0
91.7
83.0
64.8
48.4


o

0.0

—9.6

—3.0

21.3

30.5

44.4

48.1

5L3

44.0

25.9

14.1

-1.5


in.

0.470
2.140
1.620
1.830
0.995
2.425
2.730
2.745
1.425
2.116
3.025
0.610


in.
14.7
30.7


March


18.3


April

May



*


June

July




" "v •

AufiTUSt




Senteniber




October




November

December


8.7
2.2






Year


98.0
6th Aug.


-9.6
26th Feb


22.130


74.6






* Too small to measure.


Obseb


.VATORY,


Toronto,
I8th May,


1901.



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BRIDGES.



City EngineeiVs Office,

Toronto, December 31st, 1900.
C. H. Rust, Esq.,

City Engineer.

Dear Sir,— The following is a report of the bridge work done
during the past year :

Cherry Street Bridge. — In place of the crib in the centre of
the river, that was overturned in the spring of 1899, a new structure
has been erected consisting of close piling and walings, with a portion
of the old crib. This structure has been securely placed and brought
up to the original level, as a support to the end of the bridge when
opened, and attached by longitudinal timbers U) the centre crib. A
cutwater face has been constructed to this crib to break the ice when
freshets occur. A new wearing course has been laid on the deck,
the land cribs repaired, and the turning machinery overhauled and
adjusted.

Glen Road Bridge. — The repairs to and re-construction of the
deck of this bridge, commenced in 1899, were completed in the month
of January, 1900, although reported as complete in the report of
1899* One of the diagonal braces on the south trestle on Rosedale
Drive was broken and was taken out» repaired and fixed.

Lamb's Draw Bridge. — This bridge requires constant attention,
having served the purpose for which it was erected, and should be
replaced by a permanent steel structure. I recommend that a bridge
of about 40 ft. span, with 20 feet between main trusses, be con-
structed, which could be raised so as to give a clear headway of 30 feet,
and parallelled to the surface of the stream. Considerable repairs had
to be made during the year to keep the structure in working order,
adjustment oftentimes causing more trouble than repairs or renewals.

Danforth Avenue Bridge. — This structure which carries the
traffic over a siaall stream near Jones Avenue, has been entirely re-
constructed. It is now in three spans, a centre one of 20 feet, and
two outer ones of 15 feet each. A new hand-railing was provided
and the bridge is now in good condition.



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36 CITY ENGINEERS REPORT.



Strachan Avenue Bridges. — These bridn;es have been over-
hauled, the mudsills and posts examined and renewed where neces-
sary, a new wearing course laid on the deck of the south bridge and
the hand-railing and sidewalks repaired. On or about the 22nd
September the sidewalk on the east side of the north bridge caught
fire, but it was extinguished before much damage was done, a few
sidewalk planks only being destroyed, which were replaced. On the
]st December, some of the stringers and the bottom chord of the east
truss of the north bridge were destroyed by an overloaded train.
New trusses and one new needle beam were put in, and the stringers
and planking were replaced by Grand Trunk Railway men. While
the deck was uncovered for these repairs, I found tlie underplanking
and stringers very much decayed. The entire decks of these bridges
must be replaced during the coming season.

Castle Frank Bridge. — The supports of this bridge at the
north end were found to be much decayed. The decayed part was
removed and replaced. Some slight repairs were made to the other
portions of the bridge.

Winchester Stueet Bridge. — During the spring freshets the
scour of the river had undermined the piling and carried the earth
filling away at the east end of the bridge, and in the early part of
June the piles had bulged towards the water, and let down that part
of the deck. A temporary ramp was put in so as to keep the traffic
going until new piles could be procured. A contract was let to
Messrs. Medlar & Arnot, who drove a close row of piles and secured
them with iron rods from walings to back piles and logs. The bridge
was raised to its proper position and newly planked, so as to make
the deck planking independent of the earth filling. It was extended
for about 25 feet eastward and supported on wood sills sunk into
the road bed.

DuPONT Street Culvert. — A new plank covering was placed
on this culvert, but the substructure must be renewed in the near
future.

Island Pauk Bridge. — A new bridge was built in June over
the channel at Glandeboye Avenue. It is merely a foot-bridge and
is 104 feet long by 6 feet wide, and is in three spans, a centre one of
30 feet and two outer spans of 25 feet each, with an extension of
the deck and hand-railing 12 feet further on each end. It is built



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CITY engineer's REPORT. 37



on piles and bents, and with a little paint and constant attention it
may last some 8 or 10 years. Some slight repairs were made to
Hallam's bridge, a few worn planks being taken up and replaced
with new ones.

DuNDAS Street Bridge. — This bridge did not require any re-
pairs this season, with the exception of some adjustment to the hand
railing. It will require replanking in the coming season.

Crawford Street Bridge. — This bridge has been thoroughly
examined and a new 2 inch wearing course put on the roadway.
Tlie bents were repaired where necessary, also sidewalks and hand-
railing. The stringers are in only medium condition and will need
replacing in the near future.

Shaw Street Bridge. — This bridge was found to be in a
very poor condition, the stringers being so much decayed on the top
side that they would not hold the nails. An entirely new set of
stringers were put in alongside and nailed to the old stringers to re-
inforce them, and new under and lower deck planks 2 inches thick
were laid. The mudsills under bents were all examined and new
ones put in where required, also all verticals cut where decayed and
new pieces inserted. The bracings were all examined and strength-
ened.

Gerraiid Street Bridge. — As the devil strip on this bridge
was of the old width, viz., 3 feet between rails, in compliance with
the wishes of the Street Railway Co. it was widened, and the
double planking in the strip renewed. The deck was sawn through
on the north side of the north track and on the south side of
the south track, close to the 12 inch stringers supporting the rails
and the planking from the devil strip, having been removed,
each track was forced over by the screw jacks until the sawn edge
of planking was hard against the rails ; they were then re-nailed to
stringers with 8 inch wire nails. This alteration made the devil
strip t* feet 8 inches wide between the rails or two inches wider
than the standard width. The wearing course of planks is in a poor
condition, and is worn completely through in some places, but will
serve without danger until the season of 1901.

Lake Shoke Road Culveuts. — One of these, near High Park
was re-planked and the other one further west was repaired.



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38 CITY engineer's report.



Queen Street Bridge. — The old bridge has been removed and
replaced by a new one of 125 feet clear span and builfc entirely of
steel. The old position of the bridge was on a line, which was a
compromise between the centres of Queen and King Streets. The
new structure is exactly on the line of Queen Street. The roadway
is 42 feet wide between curbs, leaving a driveway on both sides of
14 feet clear of the railway track, and there are two sidewalks of
ten feet each in the clear. The deck and sidewalks are entirely
covered with steel buckled plates, and surfaced with asphalt, with
the exception of the space between the tracks, which is paved with
square cut pine blocks, some treated with Carbolinium Avanarius and
some with Finch's Wood Preservative, the remainder not being treat-
ed with any preservative. They are all set with paving pitch. Cast-iron
pediments are erected at the end of each main truss, surmounted with
ornamental electric lamp pillars and lamps. It was found necessary
on aecount^of the nature of the filling to support the end newel posts
of the hand-railing on piles. This, however, is only a temporary ar-
rangement and will be replaced with either stone or concrete when
the ground is entirely settled. The abutments are built of rock-
faced course masonry, set in Portland cement.

Eastern Avenue Bridge. — The old wooden bridge at this
crossing has been removed and a new steel one substituted. The
clear span over the river is 134 feet and the width between curbs
21J feet; thei-e are two sidewalks 7 feet wide in the clear; the deck
and sidewalks are covered with pine planking, and the under plank-
ing and stringers have been treated with Carbolinium Avanarius-
The abutments of this bridge are of concrete, with the exception of
the bridge seat course and ballast wall, which are of rock faced
course masonry, set in Portland cement.

HuMBER River Buioge.— The old composite bridge on the Lake
Shore road over this river was entirely removed and a new steel
bridge erected on the same centre line. The clear span over the
river is 160 feet, and the width between curbs 21^ feet; there is a
sidewalk only on the south side of the bridge and it is 7 feet wide in
the clear. The deck and sidewalk are covered with pine planking
and the underplanking and stringers were treated with Carbolinium
Avanarius. The abutments of this bridge are of concrete, with the
exception of the bridge seat course and ballast wall, which are of
rock faced course masonry set in Portland cement. In order to pro-



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CITY engineer's REPORT.



39



tect the filling for the roadway at each end, a sloping wall of piles
waa placed at each end at the south side of the bridge. These walls
are tied to back logs buried in the earth tilling.

John Street Bridge. — The deck planks of this bridge are
showing a good deal of wear, but it has to be maintained by the
Grand Trunk Railway.

King Street Subway. — The Masonry of the abutment walls of
thifi subway is being gradually destroyed for want of proper drainage.

York Street Bridge. — The wood paving on this bridge is in a
very poor condition and should be renewed, but before anything can
be decided it must be known how it is intended to lay the Street
Railway rails.



REPAIRS


AND MAINTENANCE OF BRIDGES, 1900.




Location.


From
1899.


Nails,
Etc.


Tools.




Lumber.


Labor.


Total.


Cherry St. Bridge..
Glen Rd. •* . .


9 c.

186 76

2,060 86

64 38


$ c.

47 30


9 c.


9 c.

126 50


9 0.

791 61


9 c.
356 13
102 54

56 66
130 61
200 30

60 84
311 08
8 66
195 70
3 00
143 33
578 93
538 30

11 62

54 94
6 13


9 c.

1,508 30

2,163 40

151 81

257 43


LamVsdraw ** ..
Danforth A v. '* . .


14 15


7 33

*2*io


60


8 69

126 82

25 62

31 82

461 89

13 46

199 70

"326'97

1,060 81

212 44


Strachan Av. ** ..




14 10


242 12


Castle Frank ** ..




92 66


Winchester St. " . .




44 23




17 79


834 99


Dupont St. Culvert . .




22 12


Island Park Bridge..
Dundas St. ** . .




7 50





33 39
3 00

2 50

3 65
6 12


436 29
6 00


Crawford St. ** . .




25 40
62 30
31 40


'698
21 65


497 20


Shaw St. ** ..




1,712 67
h09 91


Gerrard St. ** . .




Lake Shore Rd. Culv't




11 62


York St. Bridge..








14 35

"ie 06

1 12





69 29


Huntley St. ** . .








6 13


Queen St. ** . .






16 06


Humber River '*












I 12






246 38












2,312 00


38 06


225 08


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Online LibraryToronto. City Engineer's Dept Boston (Mass.). Engineering DeptAnnual report of the city engineer → online text (page 4 of 16)