Union Veteran Publishing Company.

Soldiers' and patriots' biographical album : containing biographies and portraits of soldiers and loyal citizens in the American conflict, together with the great commanders of the Union Army; also a history of the organizations growing out of the war: The Grand Army of the Republic, The Loyal Legio online

. (page 1 of 144)
Online LibraryUnion Veteran Publishing CompanySoldiers' and patriots' biographical album : containing biographies and portraits of soldiers and loyal citizens in the American conflict, together with the great commanders of the Union Army; also a history of the organizations growing out of the war: The Grand Army of the Republic, The Loyal Legio → online text (page 1 of 144)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

W- A

Gordon L. Smith

t t 3

1 ^}OX

-wft* H r AT* r-7^





peaj; or^r^andeps of (he (iteioi?



The Qr&nd flrmj of th? "Republic,
The Loi?^l Lesion,

TK? Sons of Veterans, and

The Wom&n s Belief Corps.














"I Am Content."

A spindle of hazlewood had I,

Into the mill-stream it fell one day-

The water has brought it me back no more.

As he lay a-dying the soldier spake:

"I am content!

Let my mother be told, in the village there,
And my bride in the hut be told
That they must pray with folded hands,

With folded hands for me."
The soldier is dead and with folded hands

His bride and his mother pray.
On the field of battle they dug his grave,
And red with his life-blood the earth was dyed,

The earth they laid him in.
The sun looked down on him there and spake:
" I am content."

And flowers bloomed thickly upon his grave,

And were glad they blossomed there,.
And when the wind in the tree-tops roared
The soldier asked from the deep, dark grave:

" Did the banner flutter then?"
" Not so, my hero," the wind replied,
The fight is done, but the banner won,
Thy comrades of old have borne it hence

Have borne it in triumph hence,"
Then the soldier spake from the deep, dark grave:
"I am content."

And again he heard the shepherds pass

And the flocks go wand ring by,
And the soldier asked: " Is the sound I hear

The sound of the battle roar?"
And they all replied: " My hero, nay!
Thou art dead and the fight is o er,
Our country joyful and free."

Then the soldier spake from the deep, dark grave*
" I am content."

Then he heareth the lovers laughing pass,

And the soldier asks once more:
" Are these not the voices of them that love,

That love -and remember me?"
" Not so, my hero," the lovers say,

" We are those that remember not;
For the spring has come and the earth has smiled.

And the dead must be forgot."
Then the soldier spake from the deep, dark grave:
" I am content."

IN presenting this volume of biographical memoirs of the soldiers of the late Civil War
to the public, the first of the kind ever attempted, the publishers feel no small degree of pride in
the successful completion of a work long contemplated. We took hold of it at first with some
hesitancy, not certam that we would receive that co-operation from the soldiers of the late war essential
to the success of the enterprise; but as time passed on, our doubts were removed, and our hearts were
made glad by the encouragement of the veterans and their substantial support. So we cheerfully
struggled on to the end, and are now able to present this volume to our patrons and to the world.
Few persons comprehend the great labor and the many difficulties attending the publication of a work
of this kind; yet after all, it has been a pleasing task, and now that it is finished, we find there is a little
regret at the parting.

We knew that the country has been flooded with war literature in almost every form, but we felt
that one important feature had been wholly omitted. In the voluminous pages of the history of the
Civil war, the names of the soldiers who carried ti e muskets, who fought the battles, and whose bravery
and patriotism saved the Republic from dissolution, are absent, and their experiences entirely ignored.
We believed this was a great injustice, that their names and deeds were as worthy to be perpetuated in
history as the generals who commanded them, and this belief has been the inspiration that caused us to
begin this work, and sustained us on to its completion. A great historian has truly said that: "The
history of a country is best told in the record of the lives of its people." So in these memoirs of the
soldiers will be found the best and most authentic accounts of the rebellion. In conformity to this idea
the first volume of this work has been prepared. It was a new departure in war literature, but the
indorsement we have received assures us that we are moving in the right direction. The true history
of the war is yet to be written, and when the historian of the future shall begin to write a correct and
unbiased account of the greatest struggle known to any era in the world s history, he will find the best
and most authentic material in this series. These biographies include men from the rank and file, and
those who reached the highest pinnacle of military glory; it represents those who enlisted as privates,
and by their bravery and military genius, rose to be great commanders. Some of the bravest, some
of the most heroic acts performed during the great conflict, were by men in the ranks. They all left
their respective callings, their homes and loved ones, and went forth to battle for the Union, to lay
down their lives, if need be, upon the altar of their country. When the war was over those who were
spared returned to their homes and peaceful pursuits, to make useful and honorable citizens. The
American soldier had an individuality; he fought independently, and often planned and executed little
campaigns on his own account. He stands out in bold relief in the military history of the world, alone,
and without parallel.

In recording his deeds of bravery, his endurance and suffering, his devotion to the country, we
have often been obliged to stay the pen, appalled "by the grandeur of the spirit which controlled him.
Often words have been inadequate to express his noble deeds of daring. His achievements would be
worthy of the inspired pen of a Homer. Even the fame of the heroes of Thermopylaj grows dim before his
valor. In coming years, the deeds which grace the pages of classic literature, and holds the admira
tion of the student of to-diy, will pale into insignificance before the lustre which time will give to the
annals of the American Volunteer Soldier.

The statistical history has been compiled with great care and labor, from the best and most
authentic sources of information available. We do not claim that it is absolutely free from error, for
in many instances authorities differ; that it is essentially correct is most certain. The work has been
carried to its completion conscientiously, and no pains or expense has been spared to make this volume
one that will delight the heart of every soldier, one that will be of priceless value, not only to himself,
but to his children and descendants.





THE sixteenth President of the United
States, was born February 12, 1809, in
Hardin Co., Ky. His parents were both
born in Virginia, of undistinguished families.
His paternal grandfather Abraham Lincoln,
emigrated from Virginia to Kentucky, about
1781, or 1782, where a year or so later he was
killed, whilst laboring upon his farm, by In
dians. Our subject s father removed from Ken
tucky to Maryland, when the son was in his
eighth year; arrived there about the time that
State came into the Union. It was then a wild
region, " with many bears and other wild ani
mals still in the forest." His mother from all
the evidences that can now be gathered,
was an intellectual and even an accom
plished woman, and from her the future
President appears to have inherited his tran-
scendant ability, as also his facial and physical
appearance. Reared, as it were, "a child of the
forest," his environments would not under ordi
nary circumstances be looked upon as likely to
mould the character, or develop the mind, and
qualify an individual to honorably fill and suc
cessfully rule the destinies of 30,000,000 of
people. Nevertheless they did so.

October 5, 1818, when her boy was little
over nine years of age, the mother died, and
some eighteen months thereafter the father
married a Mrs. Johnston, whom it would appear,
contrary to all tradition regarding step mothers,
took a motherly liking to young Abraham. This

feeling appears to have been amply reciproca
ted, as in after years, he spoke of her as his
" Saintly Mother " and again as his " Angel of
a Mother." His opportunities of receiving
an education were extremely poor, and it
is asserted that he did not attend even the
poor schools of his district more than one year.
Speaking himself of the schools of his time, he
said : " There were some schools, so called, but
no qualification was ever required of a teacher
beyond readin writin and cipherin to
the rule of three. Therefore," he said "when I
came of age I did not know much. Still, some
how, I could read, write, and cipher to the rule of
three, but that was all." In 1825, he was em
ployed by James Taylor for nine months at the
magnificient salary of $6 per month, as mana
ger of his ferryboat, running between the banks
of the Ohio river, and at times assisting upon
his employer s farm. He had early formed im
pressions upon politics, hence every paper
which came into his reach was studiously read;
every argument carefully weighed, and soon he
became recognized as " a natural politician,"
intensely ambitious, and anxious to be popular.
In contact with other boys either with the
tongue or in a physical encounter, he always
was declared the winner. Few men were en
dowed with the powers of mimicry displayed
by young Lincoln. All stories reaching his ears
were issued again, burnished and brightened,
and made so laughable as to be unrecognizable
by their authors. In the year 1828, he engaged
upon a flat boat as a bow-hand and went to


New Orleans, and two years later removed to
Illinois, settling at a point ten miles west of De-
catur, where he assisted in cutting and splitting
the rails used in fencing fifteen acres of land.
The great and rising genius of Lincoln could
not be suppressed by his unpropitious sur
roundings, and about the time he reached his
majority, made his first public speech, having
for his subject, the Navigation of the Sangamon
river. In 1831, in company with John Hanks
and John Whinston, he navigated a flat-boat to
New Orleans, for the large and handsome re
ward of 50 cents per day and $20 as a bonus
upon safe arrival. It was upon this trip that
the horrors of slavery first became apparent to
him, which assisted in moulding his future
opinion upon that subject.

In 1831 he acted as clerk of election at New
Salem, which was the first official act of his
life. Shortly after this he served as first clerk
to Denton Offutt, who became much interested
in his employee and often declared he would
become President of the UnitedStates. A strange
and apparently improbable prophecy, yet one
which was not only fulfilled in fact, but that he
filled that high and honorable position, as it
never had been since the days of the immortal
George Washington, is equally marvelous, and
universally accepted as truth. It may be true,
that in the absence of the Revolution the world
would have heard little, and perhaps read less
of Washington. But Lincoln attained to his
position before the Rebellion, and therefore
was not a creature of the Rebellion. At the
time of the Black Hawk war, Lincoln was
elected a captain of volunteers, and he said of
that position that " it gave me more pleasure
than any I have had since." A few weeks later
his company was mustered out, consequently
his position as captain ceased, whereupon he
enlisted as a private in an independent spy
company. The political party which he sup
ported was not slow to recognize his rising
genius, therefore they nominated him as a can
didate for the State Legislature in 1832, but
adverse votes resulted in the election of his
opponent, the Rev. Peter Cartwright. The fol
lowing year he purchased, in company with a

Mr. Berry, a store, and was also postmaster at
New Salem from May, 1833 to 1836, when that
office was discontinued, and the store business,
owing to the bibulous habits of his partner, re
sulted in disaster and bankruptcy. Lincoln,
however, true to his instincts as an honest man,
shouldered the liabilities, and finally paid the
last of them in 1849. He commenced the study
of law, but being unable to continue he changed
over to surveying, a business he mastered in
six weeks, but in the fall of 1834 he suffered
the humiliation of seeing his instruments sold
by the sheriff, to pay a debt he was unable
otherwise to liquidate. The same year, he was
elected to a seat in the Legislature and was ap
pointed a member of the Committee up6n
Public Accounts. He was elected to the sanfie
seat at the three succeeding elections. Whilst
a member, he was admitted to the bar and be
came a law partner with John T. Stewart, and
began the practice of his profession at Spring
field in 1839. He soon distinguished himself
in practice and became a leader in his chosen

He was admitted to practice in the circuit
court, presided over by Judge Davis, who after
personal observation said of the rising attorney:
"In all the elements that constitute a great
lawyer, he had few equals ; he seized the strong
points of a cause and presented them with clear
ness and great compactness." To his herculean
efforts, in the conduct of the defense in the
prosecution of the son of William and Hannah
Armstrong, for murder, has always been at
tributed the saving of that young man from the
gallows. November 4, 1842, he was married
to Mary, daughter of the Hon. Robt. S.Todd, of
Lexington, Ky. At the elections of 1840,
and 44, he was a candidate for the honor of
Presidential elector, being frequently opposed
to Stephen A. Douglas in public debate. , In
1846 he was elected to Congress, defeating his
old Democratic opponent the Rev. Peter Cart-
wright, and introduced the famous " Spot
Resolutions," directing the President to indi
cate the particular locality of the alleged out
rages of the Mexicans upon American citizens,
and spoke in Congress for the first time in sup-


port of those resolutions. Subsequently he
advocated the election of Gen. Taylor, as also
the abolition of all slaves within the district of
Columbia, and a policy of compensation to the
owners. He was an applicant for the office of
Commissioner of the General Land-Office, but
was unsuccessful. He was tendered the Gov
ernorship of the Territory of Oregon from the
President, but declined the proffered honor,
and in 1849, was defeated by Gen. Shields, in the
contest for the United States Senatorship. In
1855, he withdrew as a candidate, and became an
able supporter and advocate of the candicacy
of Mr. Trumbull, to the United States Senate,
whom he helped elect over Gen. Shields, and it
is claimed that during that canvass he exploded
the sophistry of Stephen A. Douglas "Great
Principle " by the words, " I admit that the emi
grant to Kansas and Nebraska is competent to
govern himself, but I deny his right to gov
ern any other person, without that person s
consent." Of Lincoln it was said, and the be
lief was fully shared in, by his many friends,
that he was "destined by the Dispenser of all
things, to occupy a great place in the Worlds
history.". June 17, 1856, he received no votes
at the National Republican convention held in
Philadelphia, whereat Gen. John C. Fremont
received the nomination for the Chief Magis
tracy. In 1858, he became an opponent of
Stephen A. Douglas, for a seat in the Senate,
which was relegated for decision to a popular
vote. The two candidates for the position
made a joint canvass of the State, and held dur
ing the campaign seven joint meetings. Dur
ing the canvass, on June 17, 1858, he delivered
his celebrated address, since known as " The
house divided-against-itself speech," which ex
erted such a controlling influence, not only
over those who sat within the hearing of his
voice and heard his clear, bold and convincing
arguments, as to the propriety of admitting
Kansas into the Union as a slave or a free
State, and the other great questions before the
people, but it was heralded to the remotest
corners of the Republic, and was largely instru
mental in moulding public opinion to his way
of thinking, upon the merits of the subjects

discussed. His public utterances clearly de
monstrated that he was a born leader, and as if
to hold him in reserve, the State elected Doug
las to the Senate, whilst it held the great Lin
coln for the then approaching Presidential con
test. In February, 1860, in response to an in
vitation from New York City, he addressed an
immense audience there and again in New
England, taking for his theme the action of
the framers of the Constitution, in respect to
slavery. May 10, 1860, at the Republican State
convention, of Illinois, he was nominated for
the Presidency. At the meeting of the Republi
can National Convention, held in Chicago, it
adopted aresolution denying " The authority of
Congress, of a Territorial Legislature, or any in
dividuals, to give legal assistance to slavery in
any Territory of the United States." At this con
vention Lincoln was nominated on the third bal
lot as the Republican candidate for the
Presidency, which nomination was made unani
mous. At the election which followed, he re
ceived about 600,000 more votes, than was
obtained by his real opponent, Douglas, whilst
of the electoral votes, he received 180, Breck-
enridge 72, Bell 39 and Douglas 12. In his in
augural address delivered March 4, 1861,
knowing some of the Southern States to be in
revolt, with others ready to follow, he said: "I
consider that in view of the Constitution and
the laws, the Union is unbroken, and to the ex
tent of my ability I shall take care, as the Con
stitution itself expressly enjoins me, that the
law of the Union be faithfully executed in all
the States."

In assuming the duties of President, Lin
coln found a fragmentary army all told of 16,-
OOO men, the greater portion of whom were in
the South, and if not Rebels, situated so as to
be of little service to the Nation. The finances
were in a bad condition and the treasury was
practically empty.

Fort Sumpter being bombarded, he realized
heroic measures were necessary. He issued a
proclamation calling for 75,000, troops and the
blockade of all points in the seceded States.
He then called Congress together to meet on
July 4th, and by that time many of the Southern


States had allied their fortunes with what was
then known as the Southern Confederacy. By
this time the requisition for troops had been filled
and the formation of regiments, drilling and
army organization were being proceeded with,
as rapidly as circumstances would permit. The
Union troops moved Southward to the scenes
of disturbance, and soon were engaged in the
opening battles of the Rebellion. The first im
portant engagement was that of Bull Run,
fought July 21, 1861, resulting in the defeat of
National troops under Gen. McDowell by a
somewhat larger force under Generals Johnston
and Beauregard. This victory was one of great
importance to the Confederates and gave them
an increase of prestige on both sides of the

The National Army was placed in charge of
Gen. Geo. B. McClellan, a young officer who
had distingutshed himself by a successful cam
paign in West Virginia. The expectations of
President Lincoln in the appointment of Gen.
McClellan were not verified by results. He
was in command of a force much superior to
that opposing him, yet he allowed month after
month to pass, without making those advances
upon Richmond, which it became apparent were
capable of performance. In the month of
July, 1862, President Lincoln became restive
and irritated at McClellan s persistent delays,
therefore visited the army at Harrison s Land
ing, and after careful consultations with the
Corps Commanders, became convinced there
was no reasonable expectation of a successful
movement upon Richmond, by his then com
manding officer. March 6, 1862, he sent a
special message to Congress, enclosing a res
olution the passage of which he recommended,
offering pecuniary aid from the General Govern
ment to States that should adopt the gradual
abolishment of slavery. Congress confirmed
this resolution, but in none of the slave States
was public sentiment sufficiently advanced, to
permit them to avail themselves of it. The
following month Congress by enactment eman
cipated the slaves in the District of Columbia
with compensation to the owners; therefore
Lincoln had the extreme satisfaction of assent

ing to a measure that he had many years before,
while a Representative from Illinois, fruitlessly
urged upon -the notice of Congress. In May,
1862, he promptly abrogated the proclamation
of Gen. Hunter declaring all slaves in Georgia
Florida and South Carolina, forever free. In
a letter to Horace Greely on August 22, 1862,
Lincoln said: " My paramount object is to save
the Union, and not either to save or destroy
slavery. If I could save the Union without
freeing any slaves I would do it; if I could
save it by freeing all the slaves I would do it;
and if I could do it by freeing some and leaving
others alone I would also do that." On Sep
tember 22d, he issued his preliminary proclama
tion wherein he notified the rebellious States,
that on January ist, 1863, all persons held as
slaves within any State or part of a State the
people whereof should be in rebellion, should be
then, thence forward, and forever, free." January
ist, thelongexpectedand humane emancipating
proclamation was issued, wherein among other
things he said: "I do order and declare that all
persons held as slaves within said designated
States and parts of States are, and hence for
ward shall be free, and that the Executive Gov
ernment of the United States, including the mil
itary and naval authorities thereof, will recog
nize and maintain the freedom of said persons."
At his urgent request Congress, January, 1865,
gave effect to the Thirteenth Amendment to
the Constitution, which practically did away
with slavery or involuntary servitude. In 1863,
Lincoln asked and obtained authority from
Congress to recruit the vast army of 1,000,000
men by a draft upon the arms-bearing popula
tion of the loyal States. This measure provoked
considerable discussion throughout the Repub
lic, and New York City was kept in disorder and
terror for three days on account of it. At the
Presidental election of 1864, he was elected by
a large majority over his opponent, Gen. Mc
Clellan, and his second inaugural address de
livered March 4, 1865, will forever remain,
not only one of the most remarkable of all his
public utterances, but will also hold a high rank
among the greatest State papers that history
has preserved. Among other things he said,



" Both read the same Bible, and pray to the
" same God, and each invokes his aid against the
" other. It may seem strange that any men
" should dare to ask a just God s assistance in
"wringing their bread from the sweat of other
" men s faces. But let us judge not that we be not
"judged. The prayers of both could not be
"answered; that of neither has been fully an-
"swered. The Almighty has his own purposes.
"Woe unto the world because of offenses, for it
"must needs be that offenses come; but woe to
" that man by whom the offense cometh. If we
"shall suppose that American Slavery is one of
" those offenses, which in the Providence of God,
"must needs come, but which, having continued
"throughout his appointed time, he now wills
"to remove, and that he gives to both North
"and South this terrible war, as the woe due to
"those, by whom the offense came, shall we
"discern therein any departure from those
"Divine authorities which the believers in a liv-
"ing God always ascribe to him? Fondly do
"we hope, fervently do we pray, that this
"mighty scourge of war may speedily pass
"away. Yet, if God wills that it continue, un-
"til all the wealth piled by the bondsman s
"250 years of unrequitted toil, shall be sunk,
"and until every drop of blood drawn by the
"lash shall be paid by another drawn with the
"sword, as was said 3,000 years ago, so still it

Online LibraryUnion Veteran Publishing CompanySoldiers' and patriots' biographical album : containing biographies and portraits of soldiers and loyal citizens in the American conflict, together with the great commanders of the Union Army; also a history of the organizations growing out of the war: The Grand Army of the Republic, The Loyal Legio → online text (page 1 of 144)