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nication across the Province of Laguna is difficult and
laborious.

CITIES AND TOWNS.

Polillo. — Population, 1,400; situated 19 miles from Binan-
gonan. It has a post office.



122 ISABELA DE LUZON AND ITAVES.

PROVINCE OF ISABELA DE LUZON.

It is situated north of Manila, between the Sierra Madre
and the Cordillera Central or Caraballos mountains. It is
covered with thick forests which are peopled by infieles and
abound in timber for building purposes. The ground is much
broken and is watered by several rivers. Maize, fruits, palay,
and good tobacco are grown, and a great amount of live stock
of all kinds is raised. There are in the province 9 pueblos, 5
barrios, and 40 rancherias of subdued infieles. The area is
4,467 square miles and the population 40,846.

The capital is Ilagan, with a population of 13,811. It is
situated 329 miles from Manila. A detachment of exiles was
located here, employed in pressing tobacco. The city was also
the residence of the commander of the presidio.

CITIES AND TOW^NS.

Angadanan. — Population, 2,739; situated 41 miles from
Ilagan.

Cabagan Nuevo. — Population, 6,240.

Cabagan Viejo.— Population, 3,633 ; situated 26 miles from
Ilagan. It has a telegraph station.

Carig. — Population, 2,447; situated 39 miles from Ilagan.
It has a telegraph station.

Cauayan. — Population, 2,115; situated 16 miles from
Ilagan.

Echague. — Population, 5,700; situated 34 miles from
Ilagan.

Gamu. — Population, 6,101; situated 7 miles from Ilagan.

Palanan. — Population, 1,137; situated ^ mile from Ilagan.

Reina Mercedes.— Population, 3,286; situated 12 miles
from Ilagan.

Santa Maria de Luzon. — Population, 2,607; situated 19
miles from Ilagan.

Tumauini. — Population, 4,814; situated 14 miles from
Ilagan.

DISTRICT OF ITAVES.

It is bounded on the north by Apayaos, on the south by
Ambabuy, Dinaguangan, and the Mayoyas mountains, on the
east by Isabela, and on the west by Abra, Bontoc, and Quian-
gan. The population is 15,208.

The capital in Magogao.



LAGUNA PROVINCE. 123

PROVINCE OF LAGUNA.

It is bounded on the iiortli by Morong, on tlie south by
Batangas and Tayabas, on the east by the sea, and on the
west by Cavite and Manila. The area is 684 square miles and
the population 177,000. It is a very broken country, covered
with mountains ; the valleys are watered by rivers and streams,
in one of which is the cascade of Batacan, 500 feet high by 90
wide. Though the climate is very salubrious, fevers prevail
during the rainy season, owing to the swamps formed by the
rivers when unusually high. The principal peaks are Bana-
jao, about 6,000 feet, and Maquilin, about 3,500 feet. The
Bay lagoon (laguna), from which the province takes its name,
is a small fresh-water sea from 105 to 108 miles in circumfer-
ence, with the island of Talin in the middle. The coast towns
communicate with Manila by means of sail and steam boats,
which facilitate the exportation of its rich products. The ter-
ritory is divided into 28 pueblos and 404 barrios.

The capital is Santa Cruz, with a population of 13,141.
It is situated 48 miles from Manila and is celebrated for its
markets. Highroads lead to Batangas, Cavite, Manila, and
the Province of Tayabas. It has fine buildings and was the
residence of the alcalde mayor, prOmotor fiscal, the chief of
the command of the gendarmery, and a number of public
functionaries.

CITIES AND TOWNS.

Alaminos.— Population, 4, GOO; situated 17 miles from
Santa Cruz.

Bauos (Los). — Population, 2,750; situated 65 miles from
Santa Cruz.

Bay. — Population, 1,796; situated 15 miles from Santa
Cruz.

Binan.— Population, 19,786; situated 41 miles from Santa
Cruz. It has highroads leading to Manila via Santa Cruz, to
Cavite, and to the neighboring cities.

Cab uyao.— Population, 8,888 ; situated 34 miles from Santa
Cruz.

Calamba.— Population, 11,476; situated 27 miles from
Santa Cruz. It has highroads to Batangas, Cabuyao, and
Los Baiios, and a telegraj)h station.

Calauang.— Population, 3,107; situated 15 miles from
Santa Cruz.



124 LAGUNA PROVINCE.

Cavinti. — Population, 5,515; situated 9 miles from Santa
Cruz.

Lilio. — Population, 5,000; situated 13 miles from Santa
Cruz.

Liongos.^ — Population, 1,413; situated 4| miles from Santa
Cruz.

Luisiana. — Population, 3,802; situated 13 miles from Santa
Cruz.

Liumbang.— Population, 4,293; situated 1 mile from Santa
Cruz.

Magdalena. — Population, 2,352; situated 7 miles from
Santa Cruz. . It lias highroads leading to Santa Cruz, Majay-
jay, Lilio, and Nagcarlan.

Majayjay. — Population, 0,528.

Mavitac. — Population, 1,431 ; situated 25 miles from Santa
Cruz.

Nagcarlang. — Population, 12,976; situated 9 miles from
Santa Cruz.

Paete. — Population, 2,887; situated 5 miles from Santa
Cruz. It has a highroad to the capital.

Pagsajan. — Population, 6,327 ; situated 4 miles from Santa
Cruz. It has highroads leading to Santa Cruz, Magdalena,
and Lumban.

Panjil. — Population, 2,459; situated 10 miles from Santa
Cruz.

Paquil. — Pojjulation, 1,719; situated 9 miles from Santa
Cruz. It has highroads leading to Paete and Panjil.

Pila. — Population, 5,987; situated 6 miles from Santa
Cruz.

San Antonio. — Population, 1,649; situated 9 miles from
Santa Cruz.

San Pablo. — Population, 19,537; situated 10 miles froln
Santa Cruz. It has a number of highroads.

San Pedro Tunasan. — Population, 3,700; situated 43
miles from Santa Cruz.

Santa Maria. — Population, 840; situated 24 miles from
Santa Cruz.

Santa Rosa. — Population, 9,434; situated 29 miles from
Santa Cruz.

Siniloan. — Population, 5,659; situated 15 miles from Santa
Cruz.



LEPANTO PROVINCE. 125

PROVINCE OF LEPANTO.

Situated in the district of tlie Igorrotes, it is bounded on the
east by Bontoc, on tlie iiortli by Abra, on the west by Tiagan,
and on the south by Benguet. The area is 835 square miles
and the popuhition 10,422.

The capital is Cervantes, with a poi)ulation of '.148. It is
also the capital of tlie district of Cayan, and is situated 261
miles from Manila.

CITIES AND TOWNS.

Augaqui. — Pojjulation, 01)7; situated 13 miles from Cer-
vantes.

Baguen. — Population, 352.

Balagua. — Population, 299; situated 9 miles from Cer-
vantes.

Banaas. — Population, 3T5; situated 17 miles from Cer-
vantes.

Banco. — ^Population, 37 ; situated 8 miles from Cervantes.

Banguitau. — Population, 181.

Besao. — Population, 660 ; situated 18 miles from Cervantes.

Bonguen. — Population, 1,112; situated 11 miles from Cer-
vantes.

Cadananan. — Population, 488; situated 10 miles from
Cervantes.

Cagubatan. — Population, 114 ; situated 9 miles from Cer-
vantes.

Cayan. — Population, 650 ; situated 6 miles from Cervantes.
There is a highway to Bontoc.

Dagnian. — Population, 354.

Dain. — Population, 500; situated 2 miles from Cervantes.

Data.— Population, 471.

Gayan. — Population, 181 ; situated 19 miles from Cer-
-vantes.

Guinzadan.— Population, 762 ; situated 8 miles from Cer-
vantes.

Ibanao. — Population, 318.

Lenga. — Population, 200 ; situated 8 miles from Cervantes.

Lessep. — Population, 263.

Liubon. — Population, 700; situated 10 miles from Cer-
vantes. It has a highroad to Bontoc.

Liuyue. — Population, 750; situated 15 miles from Cer-
vantes.



126 MORONG PROVINCE.

Magneymey.— Population, 118.

Malaya. — Population, 084; situated 8 miles from Cer-
vantes.

Mansiqui.— Population, 170; situated IT miles from Cer-
vantes.

Masla. — Population, 530; situated 11 miles from Cervantes,
It lias a highroad to Bontoc.

Maylec. — Population, 104.

Namatec. — Population, 265; situated 10 miles from Cer-
vantes.

Namipil. — Population, 005; situated 9 miles from Cer-
vantes.

Navosen. — Population, 344; situated 5 miles from Cer-
vantes.

Otucan.— Population, 381.

Pandaya. — Population, 369; situated 9 miles from Cer-
vantes.

Pilipil. — Population, 246 ; situated 7 miles from Cervantes.

Pingat. — Population, 914; situated 15 miles from Cer-
vantes.

Quinali. — Population, 138; situated 13 miles from Cer-
vantes.

Sabangan. — Population, 700; situated 17 miles from Cer-
vantes.

Silipil. — Population, 633.

Suinadell. — Population, 550; situated 13 miles from Cer-
vantes.

Suyoc. — Population, 750; situated 15 miles from Cervantes.

Tacbac. — Population, 502; situated 14 miles from Cer-
vantes.

Tadian. — Population, 450.

Tuboc. — Population, 1,107; situated 11 miles from Cer-
vantes.

XJlulin. — Population, 271 ; situated 4 miles from Cervantes.

Vila. — Population, 241.

PROVINCE OF MORONG.

It is bounded on the north by Bulacan, on the south by the
Lagima de Bay, on the east by La Infanta, and on the west
by Manila. The area is 422 square miles and the population
42,800. The province is in a mountainous country abound-
ing in stone quarries, banks of jasperated marble, and gold
beds. Much rice and suffar cane is raised.



NUEVA ECIJA PROVINCE. 127

The capital is Morong, witli a population of 9,430. It is
situated 38 miles from Manila, lias a telegraph station, and was
the residence of the politico-military commander.

CITIES AND TOWNS.

Angono. — Population, 1,955; situated 16 miles from Mo-
rong-.

Antipole. — Population, 3,500; situated 8 miles from Mo-
rong. There are highways to Taytay and Cruz.

Baras. — Population, 1,217; situated 2 miles from Morong.

Binangonan. — Population, 7,624; situated 11 miles from
Morong.

Bosoboso, — Population, 855; situated 10 miles from Mo-
rong.

Cainta. — Population, 2,275; situated 9 miles from Morong.

Car dona. — Population, 2,641 ; situated 3 miles from Morong.

Jalajala. — Population, 1,735; situated 21 miles from Mo-
rong.

Pililla. — Population, 2,000; situated 6 miles from Morong.

Tanay. — Population, 4,529; situated 4 miles from Morong.

Taytay. — Population, 6,800; situated 13 miles from Morong.

Teresa. — Population, 4,250; situated 3 miles from Morong.

PROVINCE OF NUEVA ECIJA.

Situated to the north of Manila, it is bounded on the north
by Nueva Vizcaya, on the south by Bulacan, on the east by
the Pacific Ocean, and on the west by Pampanga and Pan-
gasinan. The area is 3,462 square miles, and the population
155,000. This province corresponds to the bishopric of Nueva
Segovia ; it is swept by strong winds the greater part of the
year, so that it is impossible to approach its coast without
danger. It has a healthful and agreeable climate. The prin-
cipal industry is cattle raising. Where the winds do not
strike there are very thick woods, in which large and small
game finds shelter ; rice, sugar, and much tobacco are raised
in the plains. The province is divided into 22 pueblos, 87
barrios or visitas, and many rancherias of infieles (infidels),
who for the most part neither pay tribute nor have any rela-
tions with the Christian pueblos, so that their number is un-
known.

The capital is San Isidro, with a population of 7,056. It
is situated some 69 miles from Manila. It has a telegraph



128 NUEVA ECU A PROVINCE.

station and was the residence of tlie judge and a number of
administration, treasury, and fomento officials.

CITIES AND TOWNS.

Aliaga. — Population, 17,000; situated 16 miles from San
Isidro.

Balung-ao. — Population, 0,848; situated 41 miles from San
Isidro.

Bongabon. — -Population, •■^,117; situated 32 miles from San
Isidro. It lias a telegraph station.

Cabanatuan.— Population, 12,000; situated 16 miles from
San Isidro. It has a telegraph station, and there is a highway
to the toAvns of Bongabong, Talavera, and Aliaga.

Cabiao. — Population, 7,924; situated 5 miles from San
Isidro.

Carranglan. — Population, 937; situated 63 miles from San
Isidro.

Cuyapo. Population, 0,350; situated 36 miles from San

Isidro.

Gapan. — Population, 20,216; situated 4 miles from San
Isidro.

Jaen. — Population, 4,651; situated 1 mile from San Isidro.

liupao. — Population, 608.

Mampicuam. — Population, 3,241; situated 34 miles from
San Isidro.

Penaranda. — Population, 7,700; situated 2 miles from San
Isidro.

Pontabangan. — Population, 1,513; situated 41 miles from
San Isidro. It has a telegraph station.

Puncan. — Population, 501 ; situated 52 miles from San
Isidro.

Resales. — Population, 11,519; situated 38 miles from San
Isidro. It has highroads to Manila and Ilocos and another
transverse one through the province.

San Antonio. — Population, 7,269; situated 3 miles from
San Isidro.

San Jose. — Population, 852; situated 42 miles from San
Isidro.

San Juan de Guimba. — Population, 2,904.

San Q,uintin. — Population, 6,852; situated 55 miles from
San Isidro.



NUEVA VIZCAYA AND PAMPANGA. 129

Santa Rosa. — Popuhition, 4,324:; situated 59 miles from
San Isidro.

Santor. — Populati(jn, 2,921; situated 34 miles from San
Isidrt).

Talavera. — Population, 2,720; situated 44 miles from San
Isidro.

Umingan. — Population, 5,848; situated 53 miles from San
Isidro.

Zaragoza. — Poi)ulation, 5,250; situated 10 miles from San
Isidro.

PROVINCE OF NUEVA VIZCAYA.

It is situated in the central part, nortli of Manila and Caba-
lesian, between the beginning of three principal mountain
ranges and the great Cagayan River, west of the District of
Principe. Surrounded by high mountains, a large valley is
formed where much rice and tobacco are grown; many
domestic animals are raised in the mountains. The popula-
tion is 23,511. There are good highways passing through all
of the eight pueblos into which the province is divided.

The capital is Bayombong, with a population of 3,691. It
is situated 106 miles from Manila.

CITIES AND TOWNS.

Aritao. — Population, 700; situated 13 miles from Bayom-
bong.

Bagabag. — Population, 1,915; situated 13 miles from Bay-
ombong.

Bambang. — Population, -3, 387; situated 7 miles from Bay-
ombong.

Diadi. — Population, 109; situated 22 miles from Bayom-
bong.

Dupax. — Population,. 2,229; situated 17 miles from Bay-
ombong.

Ibung. — Population, 977; situated 11 miles from Bayom-
bong.

Solano. — Population,' 4, 190; situated 3 miles from Bayom-
bong.

PROVINCE OF PAMPANGA.

Situated to the nortli of Manila, it is bounded on the north
by Tarlac, on the south by the Bay of Manila, on the east by
Nueva Ecija and Bulacan, and on the west by Zambales and



130 PAMPANGA PROVINCE.

Bataau. The area is 787 square miles, and the popuhxtion
250,000, distributed among 22 pueblos and 329 barrios. It is
divided into High and Low Pampanga, the former part being
the more thickly populated, producing in abundance sugar
cane, rice, indigo, tobacco, lentils, etc, ; there are many sugar
mills, and the manufacture of hats is highly developed.
There is a great abundance of buffalo, deer, and wild boars ;
it has extensive and thick forests, inhabited by certain races
of infieles.

The capital is Bacolor, with a population of 10,«-12. It is
situated 47 miles from Manila, and has a good wagon road to
the capital of the island, although communication is generally
by sea. The city has a telegraph and railway station, and was
the residence of the mayor and judge and a number of jus-
tice, treasury, and fomento officials.

CITIES AND TOWNS.

Angeles. — Population, 3,000, the township having 10,495;
situated 11 miles from Bacolor.

Apalit. — Population, 11, 753 ; situated 11 miles from Bacolor.

Arayat. — Population, 14,014; situated 10 miles from
Bacolor.

Betis. — Population, 4,460; situated 2 miles from Bacolor.

Candaba. — Population, 14,585; situated 20 miles from
Bacolor.

Florida Blanca. — Population, 7,<i54; situated 22 miles
from Bacolor.

Guagua. — Population, 10,722; situated 3 miles from Ba-
color.

Liubao. — Population, 21,175 ; situated 4 miles from Bacolor.

Mabalacat. — Poxmlation, 10,600; situated 15 miles from
Bacolor.

Macabebe. — Population, 10,400; situated 13 miles by road
and (■) miles by rail from Bacolor.

Magalang. — Population, 8,262; situated 19 miles from
Bacolor.

Mexico. — Population, 17, 09 9; situated 5 miles from Bacolor.

Minalin. — Population, 6,386; situated 15 miles from
Bacolor.

Porac. — Population, 8,512; situated 14 miles from Bacolor.

San Fernando. — Population, 13,266 ; situated 4 miles from
Bacolor. It has a telegraph station.



PANGASINAN PROVINCE. 131

San Luis. — Population, 10,-208; situated 11 miles from
Bacolor.

San Miguel. — Population, 1,887.

San Simon. — Population, 7,817; situated 13 miles from
Bacolor.

Santa Ana.— Population, G,132; situated 14 miles from
Bacolor.

Santa Rita. — Population, 7,359; situated 1 mile from
Bacolor.

Santa Tomas. — Population, 4,321; situated 10 miles from
Bacolor.

Sexmoan. — Population, 7,9G9; situated 4 miles from Ba-
color.

PROVINCE OF PANGASINAN.

Situated to tlie north of Manila, it is bounded on the north
by La Union, on the south by Pampanga and Zambales, on
the east by La Union and Vizcaya, and on the west by the
China Sea. It forms an extensive plain, where rice and
sugar are raised. In the forests abounds large and small
game, while in the mountains a gold mine is worked by the
Igorrotes ; there are also mines of iron, magnetite, and sul-
phur in a pure state, and along the coast and in the rivers
fish are abundant. The population is 295,105, divided among
27 pueblos and 474 vi.sitas or barrios.

The capital is Lingayen, with a population of 18,880. It
is situated 14G miles from Manila. It has a postoffice and
telegraph station and was the residence of the mayor and
judge, and a number of functionaries. There is a good par-
ish church, and along a broad and long street are about 3, 500
houses, some of stone.

CITIES AND TOWNS.

Aguilar. — Population, 4,412; situated 12 miles from Lin-
gayen.

Alava. — Population, (j,100; situated 21 miles from Lin-
gayen.

Alcala (Santa Cruz). — Population, 5,200, the township
having 8,024; situated 27 miles from Lingayen. There are
several highways.

Asingan.— Population, 3,522; situated 36 miles from
Lingayen.



132 PANGASINAX PROVINCE.

Bayambang. — Population, 8,505. It lias highroads to
Ling-ayeu, Dagupan, and San Carlos.

Binalonan. — Population, 10,295; situated 27 miles from
Lingayen. Five highroads connect it with neighboring
cities.

Binmaley. — Population, 13,787; situated 3 miles from
Lingayen.

Calasiao. — Population, 13,753; situated 9 miles from
Lingayen.

Dagupan. — Population, 1(;,000; situated 8 miles from
Lingayen.

Malasiqui. — Population, 8,900; situated l(i miles from
Lingayen, on the railway from Manila to Dagupan.

Manaoag. — Population, 17,500; situated 19 miles from
Lingayen.

Mangaldan. — Population, 10,14-3; situated 13 miles from
Lingayen. It is connected by highroads with Dagupan, Santa
Barbara, San Fabian, and San Jacinto.

Mangatarem. — Population, 10,146; situated 18 miles from
Lingayen. There are highroads to L^rbiztondon, Aguilar,
and San Clemente.

Pozorrubio. — Population, 9,123, the township having
9,947; situated 25 miles from Lingayen.

Salasa. — Population, 7,067; situated 3 miles from Lingayen.

San Carlos. — Population, 23,934; situated 10 miles from
Lingayen.

San Fabian. — Population, 9,018; situated 18 miles from
Lingayen.

San Isidro. — Population, 2,531; situated '.» miles from
Lingayen.

San Jacinto. — Population, 5,059; situated 14 miles from
Lingayen. It is connected with several neighboring towns
by highroads.

San ManueL — Population, 590; situated 26 miles from
Lingayen. Highroads connect it with San Nicolas, Bina-
lonang, and Asingan.

San Nicolas. — Population, 10,204; situated 38 miles from
Lingayen.

Santa Barbara. — Population, 7,595 ; situated 14 miles from
Lingayen. It is connected by highroads with Calasiao and
Urdaneta.

Santa Maria. — Popiilation, 3,939.



EL PRiNCIPE AND QUIANGAN. 133

Sual. — Population, 2,G3G; situated 11 miles from Lingayen.

Tayug. — Population, 19,r,l-.>; situated 28 miles from
Lingayen.

Urbistondo.— Population, 5,182; situated 10 miles from
Lingayen.

Urdaneta. — Population, 1G,58S; situated 27 miles from
Lingayen.

Villasis. — Population, 11,968; situated 28 miles from
Lingayen.

PROVINCE OF EL PRINCIPE.

A military province depending in civil matters on Nueva
Ecija, it is situated on tlie east coast of the island, between
the eastern slopes to the south of the Sierra Madre, the Bay
of Casiguran, and the Dibut Cove. The country -is covered
■with inaccessible mountains, grown over with luxuriant veg-
etation and peopled by the race of Ilongotes, who, while ex-
ceedingly cowardly, are fierce and bloody. The only things
raised are abaca and palay, the inhabitants not cultivating
this fertile soil owing to a lack of outlet for products. The
area is 478 square miles and the population 5,000.

The capital is Baler, with a population of 1,911. It is sit-
uated at a distance of 112 miles from Manila^ and was the resi-
dence of the governor and a number of the gendarmery. In
order to communicate with Manila it is necessary to go to
Bomgabong by horseback or in a hammock carriage, making
a laborious journey of three days, during which neither
shelter nor provisions can be found. From Bomgabong to
Manila one can go in a carriage, crossing the territories of
Nueva Ecija and Bulacan.

CITIES AND TOWNS.

Casignan. — Population, 207 ; situated 9 miles from Baler.
Casiguran. — Population, 1,527; situated 9 miles from
Baler.

DISTRICT OF QUIANGAN.

Situated in the northern part of Luzon, it is bounded on
the north by Bontoc, on the south by Nueva Vizcaya, on the
east by Nueva Vizcaya and Isabela, and on the west by
Lepanto. The area is 303 square miles and the population
29,800.

The capital is Q,uiangan, situated 155 miles from Manila.



134 TAKLAC AND TAYABAS.

PROVINCE OF TARLAC.

It is bounded on the west by the Province of Zambales, on
the south by Pampanga, on the east by Nueva Ecija, and on
the north by Pangasinan. Tlie area is 1,100 square miles,
and the population is 115,000.

The capital is Tarlac, with a population of 9,608. It is
situated 73 miles from Manila, and has a telegraph station.

CITIES AND TOWNS.

Anao. — Population, 7,000; situated 17 miles from Tarlac.

Banban.— Population, 3,196; situated 16 miles from Tarlac.

Camilig.— Population, 23,410 ; situated 16 miles from Tarlac.

Capas. — Population, 2,925; situated 11 miles from Tarlac.
There is a railway from Manila to Tarlac.

Concepcion. — Population, 13,499; situated 10 miles from
Tarhic.

Gerona. — Population, 9,261; situated 9 miles from Tarlac.

Moncada. — Poj)ulation, 7,6()1; situated 18 miles from
Tarlac.

Moriones. — Popidation, 1,289; situated 3 miles from
Tai-lac.

Murcia. — Situated 6^ miles from Tarlac.

O'Donnell. — Population, 1,988; situated 14 miles from
Capas. It has a post office.

Paniqui.— Population, 8,712 ; situated 14 miles from Tarlac.

La Paz. — Population, 2,805; situated 9 miles from Tarlac.

Pura. — Population, 5,255; situated 12 miles from Tarlac.

San Clemente.-— Population, 1,875; situated 21 miles from
Tarlac.

Santa Ignacia. — Population, 1,374; sitimted 14 miles from
Tarlac. There is a highroad to Manila.

Victoria.— Population, 10,362; situated 7 miles from Tarlac.

PROVINCE OF TAYABAS.

Situated to the southeast of Manila, it is boiinded on the
north by Laguna, on the south by the sea of Mindoro, on the
east by Camarines Norte, and on the west by Batangas Prov-
ince, The area is 1,919 square miles, and the population
105,576. It has easy communication with Manila by way of
the coast of Batangas and Cavite, through the interior of



TAYABAS PROVINCE. 135

Laguiia, and by the Pasig River. The country is very nioiin-
taiaous, the principal base being Mount Ma jay jay, a strategic
point of much importance. All the grains of the country are
grown in its fields and valleys, and much stock is raised.
Industry is quite advanced, cigar cases, hats, and various
fabrics being made. The inhabitants occupy 22 pueblos and
373 visit as or barrios.

The capital is Tayabas, with a population of 15,000. It is
situated 91 miles from Manila, in a fiat country on the river of
its name, and on the southern slopes of the Majayjay Moun-
tains. There are dockyards in which good vessels are con-
structed. It was the residence of the alcalde mayor, promotor
fiscal, and a number of officials of the treasury, fomento, etc.



Online LibraryUnited States. Adjutant-General's Office. MilitaryMilitary notes on the Philippines. September 1898 → online text (page 13 of 31)