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United States. Adjutant-General's Office. Military.

Notes and tables on organization and establishement of the Spanish army in the Peninsula and colonies online

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THE

LEGISLATIVE MANUAL



AND

POUTICAL REGISTER

OF THE

State of J!^ortli Carolina,

FOR THE YEAR 1874.

COMPBISINO THE

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES AND OF THE STATE OF
NORTEL CAROLINA; A MAP SHOWING THE COUNTIES
AND THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS; A
CALENDAR OF CHRONOLOGICAL
EVENTS, ^ ITH LISTS AND
TABLES FOR REFER-
ENCE.



" Facts alone 4ft*e wanting in life. Plant nothing else, and root out everything
else. Facts alone can influence the minds and actions of men." — Dickens.



Compiled by authority of the General Assembly of North Carolina, under the

direction of

^W. H. Howerton.

Secretary of State.

By JOHN H. WHEELER, late Treasurer of the State, and Author of
the History of North Carolina.



Copy Ri^ secured.
SM^mst Annual XDditioxi.

For Sale by ALFRED v\ ILLIAMS, Ralbigh.
» 4



RALEIGH:

JOSIAH TURNER, JR., STATE PRINTER AND BINDER.

1874.



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^^



DEC 12 1917^



lO^Cfi^



RESOLUTION IN RELATION TO A "NORTH CAROLINA MANUAL."

Section 1 . Besolved by the Senate, the House of Bepresentatives concurring, That
the Secretary of State shall cause to be printed at once, and again next winter,
and biennially thereafter, "A Manual of North Carolina," containing the Con-
stitution of the United States, the Constitution of North Carolina, with the names
of all the Governors and other executive oflScers of the State, Judges of the Su-
preme and Superior Courts, members and officers of the two Houses of the Gen-
eral Assembly, with such other chronological and statistical information as he
may deem useful. Resolved further, That each publication shall cover one thou-
sand copies, to be distributed as follows : Four to each Senator and Representa-
tive, one to each officer of the two Houses, one to each State officer, including
Judges of the Supreme and Superior Courts, one to the Governor of each State
one to each Superior Court Clerk for the use of their offices, and there to remain,
ten copies to the State Library, and the residue to be equally distributed in the
several counties of the State to such parties as the said Secretary may elect. Re-
solved furtJier, That in no edition of said " Manual " after the first shall any name
be reprinted except the names of those actually in office.

Sec. 2. This resolution shall be in full force after its ratification.

Ratified this lOth day of February, A. D. 1874.



i




OBPOSITEI BY HARVARD COU£QEUMM(X



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PREFACE.



A L»^6i8i ATiVK Manual and Political Register for the State of North
Carolina is herewith presented, for the first time, in the history of the
State.

The want of such a compilation is felt by every citizen in the -tate.

In very many of the States of the Union, such a work is annually
published by public patronage, and is much esteemed as affording a
ready reference to names, dates and facts, which are inaccessible to
some, of difficulty to many, and important to all.

The compiler feels grateful to many patriotic citizens of North Caro-
lina for aid afforded. In the collection of so many names and facts,
and the compilation of so large an array of figures, ix. is to be expected
that some errors will occur. Much labor and pains have been taken to
guard against them; errors will creep in, however, and the compiler
will be grateful to any one who may detect them, and communicate the
facts, that they may be avoided in future editions. It is to be hoped,
however, that should some errors occur, they will be so small as not to
mislead the observant reader, or impair the usefulness of the work.

In future editions, (as the work is, by law, to be prepared for each
succeeding Legislature,) such errors will be avoided; and by improve-
ment in matter and embellishments in mode, this work more worthy of
its distinguished subject, and the patronage of its patriotic citizens.

JOHN H. WHEELER.



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TABLE OF CONTENTS.



I. Calendar for l^74, with importaDt events for each month and day, rela-
tive to the country in chronological order 7

II. Constitution of United States with amendments 24

III. Tabular list of Executive OflScers of the United States from 17b9 to
1874, showing dates of services in each Department, carefully compiled
from records of the State Department at Washington 36

IV. A table showing the area of each State in square miles and density of

the population 37

V. Ratio of Representation in House of Representatives in Congress from
1793 to ^73 38

VI. List of V embers of Congress from North Carolina from 1774 to > 74,
with date of service of each member, and biographical sketch of each mem-
ber from North Carolina now in Congress 40

VII. Population of each State and Territory from 1790 to - 70 40

VIII. Movement of Population from 790 to 1 JsOO, illustrated by a Diagram, 50

IX. Movement of Representation in Congress showing date of each State ;
admission rates of representation at each decade ; number of members each
State had at each period ; as well as the number of members in House of
R^resentatives 52

X. Legislative Department of the various prindpal powers of the werld •
showing number of members in upper and lower House, and ratio of repre-
sentation 53

XI. Constitution of North Carolina, adopted b68, with amendments
ratified by the people on 7th of August, 873 55

XII. Population of North Carolina from 1790 to i'S70, and of each county

Sit each decade 83

XIII. Executive and State Officers of North Carolina* from 663 to 874,
including Governors under the Lord"^ Proprietors, the Crown, the Legisla-
ture and the People; also Lieutenant Governors, etc. etc , 87

XIV. Judiciary of North Carolina from 1777 to 874, Supreme and Superior
Courts, and Attorney Generals, with dates of appointment, also Judges of
United States Circu t and District Courts, with the times of meeting 93

XV. Legislative Department of North Carolina, list of Speakers of the
Senate and House, never before published, from 1777 to 1874, with list of last
General Assembly with the address of the members 105

XVI. Public Institutions of North Carolina — Branch Mint. University, In-
stitution for Deaf and Dumb, Insane Asylum, Penitentiary, Board of Educar
tion. Board of Medical Examiners, &c 115

XVII. A table showing area of each county in North Carolina in square
miles, number of acres listed, value per acre, county town, and distance
from Raleigh 119

XVIII. Electorial Vote of North Carolina, showing how the State voted

for President sfaice 1794 to 1873 125

XIX. Statistical Tables of votes in each Congressional District, showing the
number of votes in each county under areas, the number of registered voters,

the vote actually cast for President, Attorney General and Governor 129

XX. The State Debt of North Carolina showing amount of debt due for
ante-war bonds, principal and interest, also bonds issued since the war, and
during the war, mterest bonds, special tax and other bonds 139

XXI. A table of the Railroads of N. Carolina showing when incorporated,
amount of capital stock, length, cost, termini, gauge, and the Presidents. . . 146

XXII. A table of the Press of North Carolina showhig plan of publica-
tion, name of paper, name of editor and politics 149

XXIII. Counties of the State in alphabetical order, showing date of for-
mation, origin of name, capital and its distance from Raleigh, name of the
County Officers, and Justices of the Peace, also of the Members of the Gen-
eral Assembly in Senate and House each, etc >. . ^51

XXIV. Commisssoners of Affidavits for State of North Carolina, In the
various States and Territories : 376

XXV. Index to the work ^ 385



I



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CALENDAR.



JANUARY.



O

o



&
Q



Th.
Fr.
Sat.
Sun
Mo.
6Tu.
We.
Th.
Fr.
Sat.
Sun
Mo.
Tu.
We.
Th



7^
S"]
9

10

11

12

13

14

15



16 Fr.



17



Sat.



18 Sun

19 Mo.
Tu.
We.
Th.
Fr.

24 Sat



25

26
27



Sun
Mo
Tu.



28 We.



20



Th.



30 Fr.



31



11 4 57
11:4 58

114 59

115 00
11 5 01
115 02



508

503

504

505

115 06

1015 07

10 5 08

10 5 09

10 5 10



5 11
5 11
5 13
5 14



Sat. 7



5 15
5 16
5 17
5 18
5 19
520
521
522
524
03525
025 26
02527



CHRONOLOGICAL EVENTS.



1620, Slaves first brought to Vh^nia.

Jan. 1, 1863, Proc. of Emancipation issued by Presd't Lincoln.

1776, Norfolk, Va., burnt by British.

Second Sunday after Christmas.

2d, 1821, Florida acquired by treaty.

4th, 1822, First Cotton Factory at Lowell, Mass.
1863, Gov. Branch died.

4th, 1801, David L. Swain born. *

8th, 1815, Battle of New Orleans.
First Sunday after Epiphany.

10th, 1836, U . S. Government free from debt, $28,000,000 surplus.

[revenue distributed..

1861, Florida seceded from the Union.

1862, Sens. Polk and Johnson, of Mo., expelled from^U. 8. Sen..
11th, 1861, Alabama seceded.

1871, Admiral H. H. Bell. U. S. N., of N. C, drowned in Japan.
' 1861, Georgia seceded from Union.

1783, treaty of Versailles.

1852, Perry's expedition to Japan.

1872, Governor Thomas Brag^g died.

22, 1764, Mason and Dixon mie between Ches. and Del. Bays.

23, 1844, William Gaston died.

Third Sunday after Epiphany.

1861, Louisiana seceded from Union.

1781, 17th, Battle of ,Cowpens.

1835, Dr. Jos. Caldwell died.

1837, 15th, Wilkes' expedition sailed.

1869, Terrible fire at Chicago.

1729, Carolinas divided into North and South Carolina.



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CALENDAR.



FEBRUARY.



6


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cc


CO


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1 Sun'? 07 5 27 I


2Mo.:7 065 28


3 Tu. 16 59 5 29


4lWe.|6 58 5 30


5


Th.


6 57


5 3r



CHRONOLOGICAL EVENTS.



6Fr. 16
7, Sat. '6
8 Sun,6
9' Mo. '6
lO.Tu. 6
111 We. 6

12 Th. |6

13 Fr. 6

14 Sat. 16

15 Sun 6
16,Mo. 6
17Tii.
l8lWe.
l9,Th.
20; Fr.

21 i Sat.

22 Sun



Mo.
Tu.
Wc.
Th.
Fr.



28 Sat.



565
565
545
53 5
52 5
515
505
49 5
485
47:5
46 5
455
445
435
425
4ll5
40'5
385
37!5
36,5
365
335
31'5



1864, Col. H. M. Shaw killed in battle near Newbern, N. C.

1873, St. John's College at Oxford opened.

1781, Gen. Wm. Davidson killed in battle at Catawba River.

1804, Lewis and Clark cross the Rocky Mountains.

1801, U. S. Military Academy at West Point, N. Y.

1827, Hon. Charles R. Thomas born.

1867, Geo. Peabody gives $2,000,000 for Educa. pur. to South.

Sexagesima Sunday.

1862, Koanoke Island taken by Bumsidc.

1848, Judge Daniel, of Supreme Court, died.

1840, Hugh L. White died.

1302, Mariner's compass discovered by a Neapolitan.

1452, Printing discovered by a German.

Quinquagesima Sunday.

1818, 19th, Governor Caldwell bom.
1834, WllUam Wirt died.

( 1861, Jeff. Davis inaugurated President of Conf. States.

\ 1854, Robert Strange died.

( 1871, Geo. W. Mordecai died.
1732, George Washington bom.

1848, John Quincy Adams died in Capitol at Washington.
1870, Anson Burlingame died in Russia.

1776, Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge, N. C.

1844, Explosion of cannon on U. 8. frigate Princeton.

1837, CiUey killed by Graves in a duel at Bladensburg.



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CALENDAR.



MARCH.






a
s

OQ



liSun
2 Mo.
3Tu.
4 We.
5Th.
6Fr.

7 Sat. „

8 Sun'6
9, Mo. ,6

10 Tu. !6
Hi We. 6

12 Th. '6

13 Fr. |6
14' Sat. 6

msunie



295
285
27,5
25,5
24.6
23'6
22 6
226
20(6

isje
17:6



16' Mo.
17, Tu.

18 We.

19 Th.

20 Fr.
21' Sat.,.
22, Sun 6
23; Mo. 5
24 Tu. 5



>1We.5
5 Th. 15
rFr. 5
J Sat. '5
29iSun,5
30; Mo. 5
31 Tu. '5



25r
26'
271
28{



15

12

11

10

08

0'

06

04

03 6

02 6

006

59 6

57 6

556

546

536

516

506

486

476



CHRONOLOGICAL EVENTS.



Second Sunday in Lent.

1867, Nebraska admitted, (37th State.)

1779, Battle of Brier Creek, Ashe defeated,

1789, First Congress of U. S. under Con., met at Philadelphia.



1862, Merrimack sinks the Cumberland in Hampton Roads.

Third Sunday in Lent. 1863, Battle of Pea Ridsfo, Arkansas.

1868, Andrew Johnson impeached.

1837, Davidson College opened.

1865, Fayetteville occupied by Sherman.

1831, Hon. Francis E. Shober bom.

1862, Newbern taken by Burnside.
1781, Battle of Guilford Court House.
1873, Rev. W. Barringer died.
1862, John Tyler died at Richmond.



1862, Winton burnt by U. S. troops.

1865, General Schofield occupied Goldsboro'.

Fifth Sunday in Lent.



1865, Gen. Stoneman occupied Boon, Watauga county.

Palm Sunday. 1847, Vera Cruz taken by United States.
1850, John C. Calhoun died at Washington City. *



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APRIL.



6


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CHRONOLOGICAL EVENTS.


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30



Sat.

Sun

Mo.

Tu.

We.

Th.

Fr.

Sat.

Sun

Mo.

Tu.

We.

Th.



19, First passage across Atlantic by steam, (steamer Savannali. )

43, Jefferson bom.

67, Jackson bom in Mecklenburg county, N. C.

65, Richmond evacuated — U. S. troops in possession,
ister Sunday.

62, Battle of Shiloh.

66, Civil war closed; date of Proc. by Pres. declaring war end'd.
65, Gen. R. E. Lee surrendered to Gen. Grant at Appo. C. H.
58, Thomas H. Benton died.

65, Gen. Stoneman occupied Salisbury.

77, Henry Clay bora.

65, Gen. Sherman with U. S. army occupy Raleigh.

61, Fort Sumter taken by Confederates.

165, Abraham Lincoln died — shot by Booth.

61, Virginia secedes from Union.

My Shakespeare bom.

'A7y Battle of Cerro Gordo.

161, Civil war opened — date of Proclamation as to blockade.

06, Gov. H. G. Burton died.

167. R. M. Saunders died.

161, CJ. S. Branch Mint at Charlotte seized by Confederates.

128, Gen. R. B. Vance bom.

165, Johnson surrendered.
122, U. S. Grant bom.

170, Capitol floor at Richmond fell. Many killed.

171, Gov. Charles Manly died.

./89, Washington inaugurated as President of United States.



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CALBNI>AB.



MAY.



O



&

A



iFr.
"Sa.



3

3

4

5

6

7

8

9
10
11
12 Tu.



Sun

Mo.

Tu.

We.

Th.

Fr.

Sa.

Sun

Mo.



We,
Th.

Ft.



16 Sa.



17
18
19
20
21



Sun
Mo.
Tu.
We.
Th.



23 Ft.
^Sa.



24
25
26
27
28
29
SO
31



Sun

Mo.

Tu.

We.

Th.

Ft.

Sa.

Sun



607
506
5 05)6
504
503
502
501
500
600
4 58
4 57
456
4 56
4 55
4 54
4 53
4 53
4 53
4
4 51
4 50
4 50
449
4 49
448
448
448
4 47
446
446
46



CHRONOLOGICAL EVENTS.



Fourth Sunday after Easter.

1873, Jas. L. Orr died In Russia.

1854, Missouri compromise repealed.

1861, Tennessee and Arkansas secede from Union.

1849, Charles Fisher died ; 1873, Judge Chase died.

1845, GeneralJackson died ; 1846, BiS^e of Palo Alto.

1865, Jefferson DaTis taken prisoner in Georg;ia.

1866, George £. Badger died.

1780, Charleston surrendered ; 1865, Jas. C. Johnston died.

1846, War declared to exist between U. S. and Mexico.

1873, Court House of Washington County burnt.

1771, Battle of Alamance.

1870, John H. Bryan died at Raleigh.

1868, Impeachment against Andrew Johnson failed.

1847, Treaty of Peace with Mexico.

1775, Dec. of Ind. at Charlotte ; 1861. N. C. seceded. ^ ^ _
1865, W. W. Holden appointed Provisional Governor of N. C.
1865, Governors Vance and Letcher prisoners.



1844, First Telegraph sent in U. S. from Bait, to Washingtoii.
1790, Rhode Island ratifies U. S. Constitution (last State.)
Trinity Sunday.



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CALENDAR.



JUNE.



1


^


VI


VI


o


o


00


CO





kt


c3


03


P


Q


1


Mo.


a


Tu.


3


We.


4


Th.


5


Fr.


6


Sa.


7


Sun


8


Mo.


9


Tu.


10


We.


11


Th.


12


Fr.


13


Sa.


14


Sun


15


Mo.


16


Tu.


17


We.


18


Th.


19


Ft.


20


Sa.


21


iun


22


Mo.


23


Tu.


24


We.


25


Th.


26


Fr.


27


Sa.


28


Sun


29


Mo.


30


Tu.



00




CO


5


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3


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CHRONOLOGICAL EVENTS.



62, Battle of Seven Rnes ; 1864, Battle of Cold Harbor,
68, James Buchanan died.
161, Stephen A. Douglas died.
145, War declared against Mexico.



Irst Sunday after Trinity.

«7, Gen. William A. Blount died at Raleigh.

161, Battle of Bethel ; 1869, Pacific Railroad completed.

131, Capitol at Raleigh burnt by accident.

jcond Sunday after Trinity.

J49, James K. Polk died.

171, Jas. B. Shepard, of Raleigh, died ; 1826, Hon J. Pool bom.

75, Battle of Bunker Hill.

a2. War declared against England ;, 1815, Battle of Waterloo.

167, Maximilian shot in Mexico.

hird Sunday after Trinity.

'80, Battle at Ramsour's Mill, near Lincolnton.

$07, The British ship Leopard fires into U. S. ship Chesapeake.

$70, Hon. David Heaton died.

$57, Dr. EUsha Mitchell died. -

78, Battle of Monmouth.

$52, Henry Clay died ; 1887, Nathaniel Macon died.

168, Hon. J. B. J. Daniel died.



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CALENDAR



18



JULY.



o



03



1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

26 Sun

27 Mo,
28, Tu.
29; We.
30'Th.
3llFr.



We.
5Th.
^Fr.

tSa.

> SUD

iMo.
'Tu.
5 We.
>Th.
>Fr.
. Sa.
I Sun
^Mo.
LTu.

► We.
iTh.
rFr.

;sa.

>8un
I Mo.
. Tu.
J We.
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4 487
4 49 7
4 49 7
4 50!7
4 50)7
4 517
4 517
4 52 7
4 527
4 53 7
4 53,7
4 547
4 54 7
4 55 7
4 56 7
4 57 7
4 57 7
4 58|7

4 59,7

5 00 7
5 00 7
5 00 7
5 017



5 02
5 03
5 04
5 04
5 05
5 06 7
5 07 7
5 081



CHRONOLOGICAL EVENTS.



1778, Constitution of United States rejected by N. C.
1690, Battle of the Boyne.

1862, Col Stokes died at Richmond of wounds received in battle.
1584, First landing of English in America on Roanoke Island.
1826, Adams and J efferson died.

1831, Munroe died.

1792, Washington City selected as the Capiatl of U. S.
1850, General Z. Taylor died.
1447, Columbus bom.

1804. Alex. Hamilton killed in a duel by Burr.
Sixtn Sunday after Trinity.

1854, San Juan del Norte, or Greytown, destroyed by Capt. Hol-
[lins of United States frigate Cyane

1863, Gen. J. J. Pettigrew died of wounds near Winchester, Va,


Seventh Sunday after Trinity.
1812, Hon. Thos. S. Ashe bom..
1861, Battle of Manassas (1st.)



1862, Martin Van Buren died.

Eighth Sunday after Trinity.
18«B, Atlantic Cable laid.

1863, Battle of Boon's Mills, — Ransom drives back U. S. troops.



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CALENDAB.



AUGUST.



I



I






g

OQ



OQ



CHRONOLOGICAL EVENTS.



1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21



Sa.

Sun

Mo.

Tu.

We.

Th.

Fr.

Sa.

Sun

Mo.

Tu.

We.

Th.

Fr.

Sa.

Sun

Mo.

Tu.

We.

Th.

Fr.

Sa.

Sun

Mo.

Tu.

We.

Th.

Ft.

Sa.

Sun

Mo.



704
703
702
7 01
700
6 59
6 58
6 57
656
655
6 52
6 52
6 51
650
6 49
6 47
646
6 45
644
643
6 41
6 40
639
6 38
636
635
635
632
6 31
6 30
628



Ninth Sunday after Trinity.
1834, John Stanly died.
1857, J. C. Dobbhi died ; 1858, Atlantic Cable landed in U. 8.



1853, Intense heat in United States ; 400 died in New York.
1796, Jay's treaty ratified by Senate.
1842, Ashburton Treaty.



1847, Louis D. Wilson died in Mexico.
1851, Nicarauga route opened to Pacific.

1769, Napoleon Bonaparte bora.

1780, Battle of Camden— Gates defeated by Comwallis.

1862, Warren Winslow died.

1812, U. S. frigate Constitution captures British frigate Guerrier

1867, Cable between Cuba and Florida laid.



1830, Court House in Winton, Hertford Co., N. C. destroyed by

[an incendiary.
1814, Washington City taken by the British.

1774, First Legislature in N. C. independent of the Crown.

1775, Royal Governor Martin retreats from North Carolina.
1867, Professor Faraday died ; 1866, John M. Morehead died.

"38, David L. Swain died.

Thirteenth Sunday after Trinity.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



CALENDAR.



15



SEPTEMBER.



o

I



I



Tu.

We
Th.
Ft.

5Sa.



Sun

Mo.

Tu,

9 We.



101
11]
12i
13g
141
15^
16^
17'"
18]
19{

aoi

21]

22'
23^
24'

26]
2dl

27J
28]



>Th,

LFr.

^Sa.

J Sun

I Mo.

► Tu.

J We.

rTh.

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>Sun

LMo.

JTu.

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iTh.

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(Sat.

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29 Tu,
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31



§

OQ

627
6 26
625
6 23,
622

6 2o;

6 19,
6 17!
6 16:
6 14
6 13
6 11
6 10
6 08'
6 071
6 05!
6 041
6 03
6 01'
6 00
5 58
5 55
5 54
5 54
5 54
5 49
5 49
5 48
5 46
5 45



CHRONOLOGICAL EVENTS.



1873, Hon. D. M. Barrmger died.

1788, England recognizes the Independence of the U. S.

1802, Gov. Spaight killed at Newbern in a duel, by Jno. Stanly.
Fourteenth Sunday after Trinity.

1861, Hon. Willie P. Mangum died.

1781, Battle of Eutaw Springs. 1847, Battle of Molina del Rey.

1813, Perry's victory on Lake Erie.

1869, Hon. John Bell, of Tennessee, died.

1777, Battle of Brandywine.

1781 Gov. Burke seized by Fanning and taken to B r. officers.

1862, Hon. Wm. S. Ashe killed on Rail Road, Wilmington.



Online LibraryUnited States. Adjutant-General's Office. MilitaryNotes and tables on organization and establishement of the Spanish army in the Peninsula and colonies → online text (page 1 of 29)