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In the opening period of the war of the llebellion, the State of Kentucky deehired lier uentrahty.
During the spring ;ind smnnier of ISGl, camps of rendezvous and instruction wci-e organized at various
points within her borders, and troops enrolled in the army of the United States. Ou the 15th of
August, ISGl, the Department of the Cumberland was constituted, embracing the States of Kentucky
and Tennessee, per General Orders No. 57, War Department, and Brigadier General Robert Anderson
was assigned to the command. Early in the month of Sc])teniber, tlio rebel General, Leonidas Polk,
invaded Kentucky with a large force and seized Columbus, strongly fortifying his position. To resist
the rebel invasion, tlie legislature of the State, by resolution on the l2th of Septemlier, recpiested
Bi-ig. Gen. Robert Anderson, of the United States Army, to enter upon the active discharge of his
duties as commander of the deiiartincnt. On tlie 15tli, Brig. Gen. Geo. II. Thomas assumed com-
mand of Camp Dick Roliinson, rcliexing Lieut. AVilLiam Nelson, of the United States Navy, M'ho had
for some time superintended the enlistment and organization of troops at that camp; subsequently.
Lieutenant Nelson was appointed to the rank of Brig. General and assigned to duty at Maysville, with
instructions to organize a force to operate in Eastern Kentuck}'.

About this time. General Buckner invaded the State at tlie liead of a strong rel)el force and occu-
pied Bowling Green. Advancing from thence, he took position at Muldraugh's Hill, on the niglit of
tlie ITtli, strongly threatening Louisville. Gathering together the few availaljle troops at his command,
including Colonel Rousseau's i-oimiiand, and a body of Home Guards, under Lt. Col. R. W. Johnson,
General Anderson sent them tbrwuivl, under Bridgadier General W. T. Sherman, to Lebanon Junction,
checking the further advance of tiie enemy. Being re-enforced liy a few i-egiments. General Slierman
advanced to Ehzabethtown, Buckner retiring before him without resistance. General Sherman tlien
placed his troops in position on Muldraugh's Hill, Buckner falling liack to Bowling Green with his
main force, where he intrenched jiimself, leaving guards at intervals along the line of the railroad.
On tlie 21st, General Anderson, by proclamation, called the people of the State to arms in defense of
tlie government; and General T. L. Crittenden ordered tlie State troops to rendezvous at Louisville,
The enlistment and organization of troops M-as pushed forward with vigor. On the 21:tli, General
Anderson officially assmned connnand of the Department, per Gcnei'al Orders, No. 1.

(Jn tlie Sth of October, owing to continued ill iiualth, Ih-ig. (tch. R. Anderson was relieved in
tlie- connnand of tlie Deiuirtnient of the Cuml)erland, and Brig. Gen. W. T. Sherman appointed to
succeed him.

4 LEGKNU.s or Tin: OI-KBA'nOX.S OK

i;iM(i. (ii:\. w . T, siiKiv' nri:i;.\Tit).\s i\ ki:\ti ckv.

On tliu Stli (lay of (Jctolier, ISCl, Geiieriil W. T. Slurnian iissumod cuminaml of the Dopsirt-
iiiiiit of the CiuiiIiitLukI, witli headiiuarters at Louisville, Ky., lcaviji<; l^'iy- treii. L. II. Rons.-ieaii in
coiiuiiiiiiil at MiiMraiigh's Hill. Brij;. Gen. T. L. Crittemlen was ordered to proceed to O\vensl">ro,
Ky., and take eoniniand of the Unitc.-d States forces being orfranized in that rjiiarter, niul in the vicinity
of Henderson. Bri;;. Gen. L. II. llousseau moved forward fnjia Camp Miildraugh, to the vicinity of
Kolin. On the 12th, lirii:. Gen. A. Mel). McCook was assigned to the command of all troops in
the vicinity of Nolin.

Having c(»nipleted the organization of tiic First Brigade, Army of the Cumitcrhind, General
Tlioniius sent forward Brig. Gen. A. Schoepf, with three regiments from Camp Dick Ilohinson, to liock
Ca-stle Hills. On the 21st, General Schoepf was attacked l>y a consideral)le hody of the enemy, under
General Zollicofl'cr, who was hadly repulsed. On the 2Sth, General Thomas moved forward with the
rest of his brigade, and estahhshed his head<juarters at Crab Urchard.

In the meantime, General Nelson had advanced from Maysvillc to ()lymi>ian Springs where he
met re-enforcemcnts from Paris, Ky. Moving thence to McCormack's Gaj), lie divitlcd his connuand.
Bending CoU>nel Harris with a small force to "West Liiierty, wliile he advanced with the main force,
consistijig of three regiments of iufsintry, two battalions, and a small force of cavidry, on Hjizle Green.
Both places were occupied on the 2od, Colonel Harris meeting with slight resistance. Moving
forward his forces from Hazlc Green and West Liberty, General Nelson united hiseotuinand at Licking
Station, from whence he advanced on Prestonburg, occu]»ying the place on the 5th of November. On
the 7th, he sent a force, under Colonel Sill, up John's Creek, to advance on Pikeville from the left,
moving forward in person the ne.\t day, with the main force, on the direct State road ; some sharp
skirmishing was had in fLscending the mountain side, resulting in the rout of the enemy. Colonel Sill
occupied Pikeville on the 'Jtli, General Nelson arriving tlie next day.

Brig. Gen. Crittenden established his headipiartcrs at CaUioun, Ivy., where he organized the Fifth

Feeling that the force assigned him was greatly inade<juate to the magnitude of the occasion —
holding the great line of the center, on which the hosts of the rebclhon could rapidly coiu-cntrate as
the fortimes of war should afford opjiortuuity — General Shennan gave in his estimate to the War
Department, that to advance on the line of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad would require an
army of at least fifty thousand men, and to advance the great line of the centre to its ultimate olyective,
and reap the legitimate rewards, would re(juire an army of two hundred thou.-and men. Tliis estimate
being construed to his prejudice he asked to be relieved from liis charge. On the 2!»th of Novemlier
the Department of the Cnnd)erland was discontiimcd, i)er Genend orders. No. 1)7, Wai- Department,
and in its stead the Dei)artment of the Ohio Wijs constituted, embra(;ing the States of Ohio, Michigan,
Indiana, Kentucky, east of the Ciuni)erland Kivcr, and Tennessee, ami Brig. Gen. D. C. Biiell wsis
assigned to the command, General Slierm;in rcnuiining in connuand until jiis arrival. On the 15th
General Shennan relimjuishcd the connuand to General Buell.

.M.\.l(li: (iEXEK.AL 1). C. BUJ-IJ/S (WMIMiliN.

( >ii llic IMh d;iy of Noveiiibcr, I Mil , the designation of tlie Army of the Cimilicrlaml was changed
lo llie Army ol' liie Ohio, and Jirig. Cien. I). C Buell was appointed to tlie command. On the 17th,
he directetl (ieneral Thomas to withdraw his command from Crab Orchard, leaving Acting Brig. (ien.
Carter's brigade temporarily at London. Suliseipienlly the order was modified to include Carter's
brigade in the retrograde movement, but iiefore the movement was fully executed the oriler was


revoked, and the brigiidc i-cmaiiicd at London. AVlien General Thoinas arri\ed at Danville, General
Selioepf, with the advance, having reached Lebanon, it was ascertained that the rebel General ZoUieotler'.s
command and other troops, all mider the rebel General Crittenden, had taiven position at Monticello,
Ky., with his advance thrown forward to the Cimiberland liiver, tlireatening Colonel Ilosldn's position
near Somerset, Ky. General Schoepf was ordered to Somerset to re-entbrco Colonel Hoskins.
Advancing from MonticeUo to Mill Springs, the enemy, nnder the rebel General Crittenden, crossed
the Cumberland Kiver at that point, and entrenched himself on the noi'th side. On tlie23d. Brig. Gen.
O. M. Mitchell was appointed to the conunand of Camp Jenkins, near Lonis\ille. On the 2d of
December the following division oi-ganizations were announced: First Division, Brig. Gen. Geo. II.
Thomas, commanding; Second Division, Brig. Gen. A. McD. M(-Cook, conunanding ; Third Division,
Brig. Gen. O. M. Mitchell, counnanding; Fourth Division, Brig. Gen. Wm. Nelson, commanding ;
Fifth Division, Brig. Gen. 'J\ L. Crittenden, conunanding.

Leaving a small guard o\'i'r tlic bridge at Noliu, (ieiieral ilcCook advanced his division on the 7th
to Bacon Creek, sen<ling tbi-\vanl General Johnson's briga<le to Munfordsville. General Mitchell
assumed command of his di\isioii al Elizaliethtown on tlie lltli, an<l on the 16th advanced to Bacon
Creek, relieving General McCook, who advanced with his division to Green River, posting a detachment
of Colonel Willich's regiment on the south bank. During the afternoon a superior force of the enemy
assailed the detachment on the south liank of the river, which was re-enforced by the remainder of the
regiment, when the rebids \\-ere repulsed. General Nelson, liaving returned from Eastern Iventui-ky,
had advanced with his division ami taken position at Camp "Wickhtf, twelve miles from Xew Haven,
on t!ie Glasgow Turnpike.

On the 31st, General Tlioirias started from Lebanon, moving via Columbia, to attack the enemy,
under the rebel General Crittenden, at Beech Grove. Owing to heavy rains, he did not succeed in
reaching Logan's Cross IJoads with liis advance until tlic 17th. Aniving there, he halted for the troops
in the rear to get \ip, and to open conununication with General Schoepf.


On the night of the ISth of Jamiary, 18^2, the enemy niuler Crittenden moved out of his camp
at Beech Grove, and on the morning of the 19th attacked General Thomas' advance at Logan's Cross
Roads. A sharp engagement ensued, residting in the rout of the enemy who retreated to his intrenched
camp at Beech Grove, to which point he was piu-sued by General Thomas, who formed his division, and
by 5 p. m. opened with his artillety on the enemy's works. Preparations were then made to assault
the enemy's works on the following morning, but he retired across the river during the night, abandoning
his artillery, (twelve pieces,) transportation, numitions, and stores. Pursuit was contiiuied south of tiie
river by General Sclioe[>f as tar as Monticello. Five regiments of General Thomas's division did not get
up in time to take part in tlie CTigagement on the 19th. The enemy's force consisted of two brigades,
of four regiments of infantry and one battery each, two battalions of cavalry, aiul several independent

General Thomas lost: killed, ;'>9; wounded, 207; aggregate, 24C)

Rebel loss as far as known: killed, 192; wounded and left on tlie tield, 08; captured, 89;
aggregate as far as known, 31:9.

C 01 amandin (J \st Dlchlun Ariny of the Ohio — Brig. Gen. Geo. II. Tuomas.

Commcmd'ing Br'xjades. — Brig. Gen. A. Schoepf;* CoIotkI M. D. Manson;t Colonel L. R. Mc-
Cook;! Brig. Gen. S. P. Carter. J

* General Sclioepf's brigade did not get up in time to take part in tlie engagement.

t Only two companies each of Colonel Manaon's and McCook'e brigades got up in time to take part in tlie eugagenieut. Colonel
McCook was wounded.

t General Carter's brigade got up during the action and assisted in repulsing the enemy.


Voininun(linfj Jidui Juncin^^iij. (ilmi. (ieo. CKiriKNnKM.

CitiiiiniinJuiij llriijiulcx. — JJrii,'. Gi-n. V. K. Zollieottur;* Bri^. (tih. W. H.ChitoU;* Culoiicl
liniiiL-r; Culonul AlcClellaii.

< >ii tlic 2;{tl (iciicnil TlioiiKLs |ii>i^tcil liis cuiiiinanil at Si.iiKTsot.

'J'lii- rt'lti'I (ii'iiorul lliiiri|ilin'v Mart-liall, having; iiiva>liil Eastern Kfiituckv with a larj^o force,
iiitremliiiii,' liiriisi'lfoii tin- PuiiitvilU- and I'rcstiinliiirg road, three miles aliove I'aiiitville, (reiieral I'liell
orj;aiiized llie Eighteentli I'ritrade, and on thi; 17th of Decenilier, 18<>1, assiiriied (Jolonel J. A. Gartiehl
to the coniinand, ilirectini; liiin to euneentrate liis troops in tlie valley of the I'.if: Sandy, and operate
against the enemy. Concentratinji a j>ortion of his forees at Catlettslmrj,', Colonel Garlield advanced
n|i the valley <>f the V>\<^ Sandy, and, i)assinir thnjUf^h Louisa, reached the nioutii of Gcorjre's Creek on
the '_'.")th. Advancini,' np Geori,'e's Creek eii;ht miles, he moved over I'rown's Hill to the forks of Tom's
Creek, and from theni-e advanceil airaiiist the enemy in three coliimim; one column, under Colonel
]?olles, driviiif; the rehil cavalry from a stroma position at the mouth of Jennie's Creek on the 7th of
January, 1S02, with a loss of six in killed and many wounded. Colonel EoUes's loss was tw<j killed and
t»nc wounded. On Colonel Garfield's api)roaeh, the enemy ahandoned his eanip ahove Paintvillc and
retreated in coTifusion, with a loss of fifteen in i)risoiiers. At I'aintville, Colonel Gartield was joined
by Colonel Cranor with the Fortieth Ohio and Wolford's cavalry from Central Kentucky; ho havinj^
advanee<l via Mount Sterliii;^ ami Ilazle Green, sendin^^ a part of the cavalry hy way of AVest IJherty,
to protect his flank.

On the fith of January, 18<i"2, Colonel Gartield continued his a<lvance up the valley, and on the
10th e!ico\mtered the enemy sfroiiirly intrencheil at the forks of Middle Creek. After a sharp engaj^e-
inent the enemy was routed and driven in confusion, leavinir tweiity-tive ilead on the Held, and the next
day sixty of his dead were fo\ind thrown into a uor^e of the hills. His aeknowled^ed loss in killed was
one hundred and twenty-live; his wounded not known; tweiify-tive prisoners were captured. Colonel
Garfield's loss was one killed and twenty wounded. He had nliont nine hundred actually entratred,
while the enemy had not less than thirty-five hundred. The next nioi-ninir Lieut. Col. Letcher with
the cavalry w;us sent in ]>ursuit of the enemy, caj>turinif a few prisoners. Colonel Garfield then took
l>osition at Prestoiil)ur>^, from wheneo he sul)sei|uently advanced to Pikeville, the enemy withdrawing
from Wliiteshurg to I'cjund Gap, and from then<*e disjiersintc into Virj^inia, Tennessee, and Kentucky.

Leariiini; that a hody of rebel militia, under Major Thom]>son, held Pound Gap, Colonel Garfield
advanced from Pikeville on the 14th of March, and on the Kith drove the (>nemy in eonfusion from the
<^ap, completely dispeivini; him. Colonel Gai-tield then returned to PikevilK>, ami on the 24th of March
was ordc-reil witli his lirij;ade to Louisville via the Big Samly and (Jhio Rivers.

General Crittenden who had moved forward from Caliioun to South Cai'rolton, returned with his
division to Calhoun about the 1st of Febi-uary, when Cidonel Cruft's brigade embarked, and |)roeeeding
via the Green, Ohio, and Tennessee Rivers, joined General Gi-ant at Fort Henry after tJie surrender of
that pluee. ("olonel Cruft's brigade was asr-igned to Genei'al Lew. Wallace's division, and took part in
th<! battle of Fort Donelson, which resulted in the surrender of the enemy to General (iraiit on the
morning of the IGtli of Fi-bruarv, lsr)'J, after three day's fighting. General Crittenden with the other
brigade of his division marched from Calhoun to O\vensi)oro, where he eml>arked and proceeded via the
Ohio anil Cumberland Rivers to Fort Donelson, arriving aftei' tin- surri-niler.

While (leneral (Jrant was thus operating against the enemy. General Buell had begun to concen-
trate his army, preparatory to advancing on the enemy's ]>o>ition at Bowling Green. Generals Thomas's
and Wood's divisions were recalled fr(»m Somerset and Hall's (iap to Lebanon. (Jeneral Mitchell's
division was moved forward from Bacon Creek to Cireen River, and on the 13th of February advanceil
toward Bowling Cireen, arriving there on the 15th and taking possession of the place; the rebels having

" Oi'iieniU ZoUiiofri'r'H mid C'urroll'H bri^'ndeR eoiiBisttMl ol four iiirantr/ ri'>(iiiii>iili) and a batti-ry each. Oonpral Zullicolfi-r was


evacuated it earlv in the iiiorniiic;, rctrcatino; to Nashville. General J3uell now ordered General Tliomas's
di\nsion to Louisville, and General Nelson's division to West Point, at wliicli ])luces they respectively
embarked and proceeded to Nashville, by way of the Ohio and Cunilierland Eivers. General Nelson
arrived at Nashville with his division on the iiSth of Fcltruary, the rebels having evacuated the place on
the 23d. General Buell advanced on Naslnillc via Bt)wling Green, Fraidvlin, and Tn'ee Springs with
Generals Mitchell's, McCook's, and Wood's divisions, arriving in person at Nashville on the 20th.
Crittenden's division came uj) by boat from Fort Donelson.

General Buell remained at Nashville supplying and retitting liis army mitil about the middle of
March, when he advaiiced toward Savannah on the Tennessee iliver, via Franklin, Columbia, a!id
Waynesboro, with Generals Nelson's, Crittenden's, McCook's, Wood's, and Tliomas's divisions, directing
General Mitchell to advance witli liis division from Nashville against tlie IMcmpliis and Charleston
TJailroad. General Negley's l)rigade was left at Columbia. General Buell arrived ut Savannah with
Nelson's division on the morning of the 5th of April.


IIea\y firing was heard in the threction of Pittsl)urg Landing on the morning of the fith, and
General Buell proceeded to General Grant's headquarters at that place, and found that his army, con-
sisting of Generals McClernand's, W. T. Sherman's, C. F. Smith's, Hurlbut's and Prentiss's divisions —
General L. Wallace's di\'ision being at Crump's Landiiig — was being furiously assailed by the whole
rebel army. General Nelson's division was immediately moved np to a point op])Osite Pittsburg Land-
ing; Colonel Ammen's brigade crossed the river and assisted in repulsing the enemy's last attack on the
evening of the Gtli. General Grant had fouglit against fearful odds, and though hard pressed, had
thwarted the enemy's design of crushing him before General Buell could get np to liis assistance.
After the battle of the 6tli, the remainder of Nelson's division was crossed to the south bank of the
river, and General Crittenden's di\isioii arrived by steamers from Savannah. General McCook's division
reached the battle field on the morning of the 7th, and General L. Wallace's division of General Grant's
army had arrived from Crump's Landing. Early on the morning of the 7th, Generals Grant's and
Buell's armies moved forward and attacked the enemy with great determination, pressing him back nntil
about 5 p. m., when he commenced to retreat, retiring in good order. The great exhaustion of the
troops, and night closing in M-ith lieaNy rain, precluded a vigorous pursuit. Both armies suffered heavily.
Among the rebel dead Mas General A. S. Johnson, Commander-in-chief, killed on the Oth. General
Beauregard succeeded him in command.


Cuvimandiny Arriuj of the Tennendcc — Major General F. S. Grant.

Command'mcj Divisions.— \iit Division, Maj. Gen. J. A. McClernand: 2d Division, Brig. Gen.
C. F. Smith;* 3d Division, Maj. Gen. L. Wallace;! 4th Division, Brig. Gen. llurllnit; 5th Division,
Brig. Gen. AV. T. Sherman; Gth Division, Brig. Gen. B. M. Prentiss. {


Commanding Army of the Tennessee— ll-Ay^^ General U. S. Graxt.

Commanding Divisions.— Ut Division, Maj. Gen. J. A. McClernand; 2d Divisi.jn, Colonel J. M.
Tuttle; 3d Division, Maj. Gen. L. Wallace; 4th Division, Brig. Gen. A. S. Ilurlbut; 5th Division,
Brig. Gen. W. T. Sherman; Gth Division, al)Sorbed in other di\-isions.

* General Smith being sick, General W. II. L. Wallace took command of the division, and was mortally wounded ; General J.
McArthur then took command, and was also wounded, when Colonel J. M. Tuttle took command of the division,
t General Wallace's division took no part in the first day's action, it being at and near Cnnnp's Landing.
{ General Prentiss was taken prisoner.


Commandinfj Aninj of (he Ohio — Major General D. C. Bleu..

Ci'mm(tndi»ff Divisions. — Ist Division, J'ri^'. (ieri. G. II. Tlumias;* 2d Divi.sion, Brij;. Gen. A.
M(l>. M<-Cook; ;{.l Divi.Moii, Urijr. Gen. U. M. Mitdiell;* 4lli Division, Uri;,'. Gen. W. Nelson; .5th
iJivisiuM, li^i^ Gen. T. L. C'rittemlun; tjtli Division, Urij,'. Cien. T. J. Wood.

Commanding Ii<hd Arimj — General A. S. Johnston. [Killed.]
Suc(;eeiled by General P. G. T. 1jka.ukeo.vei).

Commanding Corps. — Ist Corps, Maj. Gen. L. Polk; 2d Coq)s, General B. Braj^j;; 3d Coqis,
Maj. Gen. W. J. Hardee; lle.serve, JIaj. Gen. J. C. J>rickinrid<;e.

Commiindimj 1st Division. — Brii,'. Gen. 0. Clark ;• Brig. Gen. D. Ilnfrf^les; Brig. Gen. T. C.
Ilindman; Colonel Trahue.

C'liniDiindinij 2d Division. — Maj. Gen. B. F. Clieatliaiii ; Brij^. Giii. J. M. Withers; Brig. Gen.
1*. K. ( 'liliiirne; Brig. Gen. Bowen.f

Bending General Biiell's advance from Nashville, and tlie operations at Bittslmrg Landing, General
(). JI. Mitchell, with the 3d Division of the Ohio, moved forward from Nasliville, ami took poss^ession
of ^fnrfreeshoro, yiielhyvillc, and Fayetteville, Tennessee, and on the 11th of April he entered Ilunts-
ville, Alabama, captnring engines and ears. On the 12th, Colonel Sill pushed east by rail and captured
Stevenson, while Colonel Turchin moved west and captured Decatur and Tuscund>ia. On the 20th of
April, General Mitchell captured Bridgeport, thus occupying all of Alabama nortli of the Tennessee

On the 29th of May, General Negley started with his (command from CidimiViia, Tennessee, and
moved via Fayetteville, TuUahoma, Winchester, .and University to Jjisper, near which point he skiniiished
with the rebel Genend Adams, routing his conunand; from Jasper, General Negley proceeded to a i>oint
on the Tennessee Kiver opjiositc Chattanooga, arriving June 7th; considerable artillery skirmishing took
l>la<;e during the Tth and 8tli with the enemy on the opjiositc side of the river, when General Negley
withdrew his forces and returned vna Anderson, Therman, Altamont, Ilai-rison's Depot, and Liindey's
Stand to Shelbyville.

I^Ieanwhile Brig. Gen. G. W. ^rorgaii having eoncciitratt'd the 7th Division at Cundierland Ford,
advan<-ed via Iloger's and Big Creek (4aj)s against the enemy's strongly foi-tilicd position iit Cumberland
Gap, foning him to evacaiate the Gap on the 17th of June, and thus securing possession of that position
of woinl.rful strength, strongly fortified, without an engagement.


Alter the liatlle of Pittsburg Landing, General Bea\ircgard fell back to Corinth, Mississipi)i, and
strongly fortified his position, with hia advance well thrown forward. Maj. Gen. II. W. Ilalleck took
connnaiid of the army in the Held before Corinth, and conducted the operations against the enemy;
both arniii's receiving large re-enforcements. Maj. Gen. Geo. II. Thomas was transferred with his
division to the Army of the Temiessee, and a.<signed to (he- command of the right wing, army before
Corinth; Maj. Gen. D. C. Buell was assigned to the command of the centre, and Maj. Gen. John Pope
to the command (»f the left wing; Maj. Gen. J. A. McClernand to the command of the reserve, and
Brig. Gen. A. J. Smith to the connnand of the cavalry, (-rcneral Ilalleck ap]iroached the rebel position
at Corinth by successive advances, firmly holding the grounil gained, and fortitying his positions. The
enemy strongly resisted his encroachments, and much shar[> lighting was had, with almost constant
skirmisliing. On the IHh of May, (Jencral Paine's division, being the advance of the left wing, was

" OeiicmlH TIiuiiim'h niiJ Mitoliell'» iliviiiiuiiK \v«ri' not ('ii);aged, tlio first iiiiiUBil not getting up in tini», tliB last being at Iliint*-
villi', Aliil>nnia.
I \V,„irHl..l


heavily assailed at Farmiiifitoii, Mississippi, by a strono; force of the enemy; the division held its position
for several hours, and then retired across Seven Mile Creek to Gen. Pope's main line. Gen. Ualleck
persistently moved forward his cohnnns, and on the 28th of May, Generals Thomas, Buell, and Pope
had pressed back the enemy to within a few hundred yards of his intrenchments surroundino; Corinth;

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