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Ci>ninnnidiii(j Rebel Army — Gener:il Bkaxton l'>KA(i(i.

ComtiMndiiuj Corjis. -I.ieut. (nn. L. Polk ; IJeul. (icii. V.. K. Smith; Lieut, (ieti. W. •!. ii.n-.l.r ;
Brig. Gen J. A. Wheeler, Commanding Cavalry Prigade,

Ciimiiiiindintj Divisianx. — Maj. (len. B. V. Clieathani ; .M;ij. Gen.. I. P. JleC-owan ; Maj. (ien. P.
R. Clebiini : lirig. (ien. .1. A. NVkiartoii, Connnanding Cavalry Brigade.

■(< nils WiHiil iiml V:iii Cli'vi' wvw wiiiiniluil uii tlio Jls.!, iillcr wliicli llii'inlivuiiiiiia wciv rfs|ii'itivi'lv cupimaiidi'il liv liiij;.

li.ii. M. S. llnKCiill mill (• S. U.^atty.

(Two lirigiidi:!* uf (Iciiciul I'i/'b lHvUiuii iiiid Gi'UiTuU Iti yiiold's anil .MiUliiU'n divisiiuiiH wi-iv not in llii' biillli; of Slone llivor.


Commanding Divisions. — Miij. Gen. J. M. Withers; Maj. Geii. C. L. Stevenson ;* Maj. Gen. J.
C Breckinridge ; Brig. Gen. J. Pegrain, Commanding Cavalry Brigade.
Brig. Gen. A. Bnford, Commanding Cavalry Brigade.
ComraandiiKj Division. — Brig. Gen. N. B. Forrest. f
Commanding Division. — Brig. Gen. J. II. Morgan. |


The army lay at Mnrfrceshoro trom January 5tli, 1863, to June 2:;rd, 1803. Meanwhile supplies
M-ere l)rought forward, a large fortified depot estahlLshed at Murfreeshoro, and a cavalry force sufficiently
large to compote with that of the enemy -organized and equipped. The rebels had their main hase at
Chattanooga, with a hirge depot at TuUahoma. Bragg's army occupied a strong position north of Duck
River ; hfs infantry extending from Shelbyville to AVartracc ; his cavalry extending on the right to
McMinnvillc, and on tlie left to Columbia and Spring Ilill. His main position in front of Shelbyville
was strengthened by a redan line, covered by abbattis. Folk's corps was at Shelbyvilk'. Hardee's
headquarters at Wartrace ; his troops holding Hoover's Liberty, and Bell Buckle Ga])s.

(General G. Granger moved trom Franklin to Triune threatening tlie enemy's left, and covering
our main movement on his right. Tiiis caused Bragg to call forward Bnckner, and all spare troops
from East Tennessee and the lines of the railroads.

The advance movement began on the 33rd of June, and on tlie 2 ith the whole army was in motion
towards the enemy. Thomas moved on the Manchester pike, lleynold in advance ; "Wilder seized Hoover's
Gap, opening a way for the "passage of the corps. Bramuxn joined here, having advanced from Trimie,
via Salem and Christiana. Thomas continued his march on the pike, and'on the 2t)th demonstrated
towards Fairfield, arriving at Manchester on the 27th ; from whence he sent Wilder to operate on the
enemy's communications in the vicinity of Decherd, Beatty going to Hillsboro in support of the move-
ment. McCook moved on the IIillsl)oro road and on the Shely ville pike, via Christiana, concentrating
at Liberty Gap, which was seized by Willicih's brigade, assisted Iiy Carlin's ; from thence McCook
moved to Beech Grove, and followed Thomas on the pike, arriving at Manchester on tiie 2i)th.
Crittenden, leaving Van Cleve at Murfrecsboro, moved with the rest of his corps, via Bradeyville and
Lumley's Stand, arriving at Manchester on the 27th Turchin, with one brigade of cavalry, acting under
his orders. Tlie cavalry, with the exception of one brigade which operated on our left, advanced from
Murfreesburo, via, Salem, and from Triune, via Eagle ville, Home, and Uniiinville, skirmishing with tiie
enemy at the two latter places, and concenti'ated at the junction of the Salem and Chistiana roads, Stanly
in command. Tiie reserve, under General G. Granger, came up from Triune, via Salem, Granger assum-
ing commaiiil of the column, advanced on Shelbyville, via Christiana, Old P'osterville, and Guy's Gaj),
the cavalry in advance. The enemy held the gap. At Old Fosterville Mitchell turned to the right
and jias.sed through Middleton, flanking the enemy, who retreated to his entrenchments four miles north
of Shell)y ville. Stanly advanced on the jnke, passing through the Gap, lullowed by Granger. The
enemy abandoned his entrenchments and fell back to Shelbyville, where he was attacked and routed on
the 27tli of June, with a loss of six hundred in prisoners, and his artillei-y. Granger remained at Shel-
byville. Stanly advanced on Manchester on the 3()tli. Crittenden, Tliomas, and McCook having moved
out and taken positions, respectively, at Hall's Chapel, Concord Church, and Bope's Cross Roads, and
Crampton's Creek. Thus witliout serioiis loss our army concentrated on the enemy's right, forcing liiin
to abandon Tullahoma, which he did on the night of the 30tli, and giving us possession of Middle Ten-

Tliomas and McCook moved to Tullahoma. Crittenden returned to JSraiu-hester, Palmer going into
camp there, and Wiiod at llillshi_)ro; AVagner cani[iing at Pelhani. McCook moved soutli trom Tulia-

* General .Steveiisoii'.s division was ileUiclii'd.

t General Forrest's division was operating in West Tennessee.

J General Morgan's division was operatinu; in Kentucky.

16 ' LKt;i;Ni).s OF Tin: oi-eijatioxs of

hoiiia on till- wist side of tlif rail road; Slu-ridan fort-ed tin- |>a.S8age of Elk lliver at Rock Creok funl
on tlic :ird ot'JiiIy, and went into c-anip at Cowan. Jolinson and Daviti c-ain|iin^ at Windiester. Tlionisis
inovi'd Routli on tiie S]iring Crei-k road, Ni-jrli-y and Rmisoeati drivinj; the enemy *ii rear ;rnard Ironi
S|(rini| Creek (iai>; the hridije havinj; heen hnrned, Thomas moved tip the river to Jones's tord, where
Rousseau and I'nimian crossed; Reynoldij and Nej^ley crossinji at Morris's lord. The corps went into
camp on tlic 4th of July, as follows: Rousseau at Fatherstone, Negley at Rraketield Point, Reynolds
at Peiinintrtons, and IJrannan at Tales. The cavalry moved south from Manchester and Ilillshoro',
forein-; the passage of the river at Morris's fonl. Col. Lonjj had a severe skirmish with the enemy's rear
^uard which was disjiersed. Staidy then moved to Dechcrd. July otii, Van Cleve moved from ilnr-
freeshoro' to McMinnvilic, arrivinjr there on the 7th, and f;oin;r into camp.

The reliel army retreated tVom Middle Tenne.s.see across the Cumlierlaixl iiiountaiiis, via Tantallon
and I'niversity ; erossinj; the Tennessee river on hrid-^es near tlic mouth of I'attle Creek, and jit Kelly's
ferry, and on the railroad iiridije at Rrid^eport, which he di-sti-oyed after crossing;, and retired on Chat-
taiiooija where lie fortitied himself.

Cieneral Ro.sccrans lost diirin;,' the euiiipai^n, ( )tlicirs killed, 14; eiili-ted incii, 71; Oliieers
wountled, 2r. ; enlisted men, 430; Total killed, 85; wounded, 402; missinjj;, I. '5.

He captured from the enemy, Otticcrs, .59 ; enlisted men, 1,575.

Cuuiiaandlittj Army of the Cuinberlund — Maj. Gen. W. S. Roskcraxs.

Commumling Corjw. — Maj. Gen. Geo. 11. .Thomas, 14th A. C. ; Maj. Gen. A. McD. ilcCook,
20tli A. C ; Maj. Gen. T. L. Crittenden, :ilst A. C. ; Maj. (ien. G. Graiiiier, Reserve Corps; Maj. Gen.
1). iS. Stanly, Cavalry Corps.

Oijiimunding \isl Divinions. — ^Brig. Gen. J. C. Starkweather, 14tli A. C. ; Brig. Gen. J. C. Davis,
'J'lth A. C. ; Bri". Gen. T. J. Wood, 21st A. C. ; Brig. Gen. "\V. C. AVhitaker, Reserve Cor|)s ; Brig. Gen.
R. B. Mitchell, Cavalry Corps.

CoiniiKindhuj 2nd Dlvim'ons. — Maj. Gen. J. S. Negley, 14th A. C. ; Brig. (ien. R. "\V. John.son,
2<>tli A. C. ; Brig. Gen. C. Cruft, 2l8t A. C. ; Bi-ig. Gen. G. W. Morgan, Reserve Coi-ps ; Brig. Gen. J.
R. Tmchin, Cavalry Corps.

Cominuhdititj Wd JJivitiions.— Bvi<r. Gen. J. .M. I'.raniian, 14th A. C. ; Maj. (uii. P. II. Sheridan,
20ih A. C. ; Brig. (len. II. P. Van Cleve, 21st A. C. ; P>rig. (4en. R. S. Ciranger^ Reserve Corps.

C'diitiiunidiiiij At/i iJ/rimon. — 'Maj. Gen. J. J. Reynolds, 14th A. C.

Coinwindintj Jtchcl Army — Genei-al I'lKA.xn^.N 1!ka(;(;.

Command Iny Curjm.— lAvni. Gen. 1.. P<i!k ; Lieut. Gen. W.J. Jlanlec; .Maj. Gen J. A. Wlieeler,
(!avalry Corps.

Covnnaud'tny Div'ufionn. — Maj. (nn. J?. V. Clieatliaui ; .Maj. (ieii. P. R. ( 'iciiiinie ; P.rig. Gen.
J. \. Wharton, Cavalry Corps.

t'limmandituj Jjic'moiiD. — Maj. (Jen. J. M. Withers; .Maj. Gen. A. P. Steward; Brig. Gen. W.
Martin, Cavalry Corps.

Cominand'uiy Divmoii. — Maj. Gen. S. 1!. liiiekm r.

( UK ivAMAPGA CA M i'A K -N.

After the expul.-iiMi of the rehel army from Middle Teimosee, the ncNt olijective point of the .\rmy
of till- Cumiierland was Chattanooga, which connnaiids the southern entrance itito Ksist Tennessee.

The woik of repairing the railroad was pushed forward with vigor, and it was o|)en»'d through to
P.ridi^eport on the "J-Mli of July, lSt>:'>. Sheridan's division advanced and took position at Stevenson and
liridu'cport, anil su]>|ilii> were accumulateti at those points.


The movement ovei- the moinitaiiis began Angnst 16tli, as follows: General Crittenden's corps in
three columns ; Wood moving from Ilillsboro, via Pelliam, Tracy City, Johnsons, and Purdons, to Thur-
man in Sequatchie Vallcv. Palmer from Manchester, via Hickory, Franklin and Ir^-iug Colleges, and
Eicketts, to Duulap in the Valley. Van Cleve from McMiiin%-ille on the Harrison Trace Road, to
PikeWUe, at the head of Sequatcliie Valley. General Thomas's corps, in two cohimns, Reynolds and
Brennan, moving, via University and Battle Creek; Negiey and Baird via Tantallon and Crow Creek.
General McCook's corps, in two columns, Johnson moving, via Salem and Larkin's Fork, to Bellefonte;
JDavis, via Mount Top, to Stevenson ; Sheridan having previously advanced to Stevenson and Bridegport.
Stanly, ^^^th most of the cavalry, moved, ^na Fayetteville and Athens, covering the line of the Tennessee
River from Whitesburg up. Colonel Mmty's cavalry moved from IMcMinnville, via Sparta and Cane
Creek, to Pikeville. Cononel Wilder moved, via University, Tracy City, and Thurman, to Dunlap.
Prior to the movement across the Tennessee river by the main arm5% Colonels Minty's, Wilder's, Wagner's,
and Hazen's brigades, were sent to demonstrate against Chattanooga from the north, covering the line
of the Tennessee from Wasliington down to Chattanooga.

The army commenced crossing the Tennessee River on the 2!)th of August, and on the 4-th of Sep-
tember all were over, the regular brigade remaining at Stevenson until relieved by troops of the reserve
corps. General Thomas's corps crossed as follows : Refolds and Braiman at the mouth of Battle Creek,
Baird at Bridgeport, and Negley at Caperton's Ferry. Crittenden moved down the Sequatchie Valley
and crossed at Shellmound, and at the mouth of Battle Creek. Johnson and Davis of McCook's coqis
crossed at Caperton's Ferry, while Sheridan crossed at Bridgeport. The cavalry under Stanly crossed
at Caperton's and at a ford near Island Creek.

The movement over the mountains was mimediately commenced. Thomas's corps crossed the Sand
Mountains and descended into Lookout Valley at Trenton; he then ascended Lookout Moutaiu at John-
son's Crook, and passed through Steven's and Frick's Gaps, descending into Chattanooga Valley.
McCook crossed the Sand Mountains moving dii-ect to Valley Head, where he ascended Lookout
Mountain. Crittenden moved via Wauhatchie, and crossed over the nose of Lookout Mountain.
Simultaneously with these movements, the enemy abandoned Chattanooga and retreated to Lafayette,
Ga. The forces on the noi-th side of the river crossed over, and Crittenden pursued the enemy to
Ringgold ; sending Wilder to Buzzards Roost. The cavalry, supported by McCook's corps, descended
Lookout Moimtain and moved to Alpine, reconnoiteriug boldly towards Ronie, and the enemy's position
at Lafayette. General Granger's reserve corps was ordered up ; Steedman's division from along the
Nashville and Chatanooga railroad, and Colonel Dan McCook's brigade from Columbia, Tennessee.

The enemy being largely reinforced from Virginia, and elsewhere. General Rosecrans ordered the
concentration of the army in the vicinity of Crawfish Springs. Thomas crossed the upper end of Mis-
sion Ridge and moved down the Chickamauga Valley to tlie ap})ointed place. Crittenden returned from
Ringgold, via Pealer's Mill, and took liis proper position. McCook reascended Lookout Mountain.
Johnson and Daxds taking the direct mountain road from Winston's to Steven's Gap. Sheridan descended
the mountain at Winston's, moving thence down Lookout Valley to Johnson's Crook, and ascending the
Mountain at that point ; the corps then passed through Steven's Gap, and concentrated %vith the 14th
and 21st corps. Granger, with his reserve corps, moved from Bridgeport to Rossville. The cavalry was
posted as follows : 1st Division at Blue Bird's Gap, 2d Division (with the exception of Minty's lirigade,)
at Dougherty's Gap, Minty at Reed's Bridge, and Wilder's mounted infantry at Alexander's Bridge.
On the ISth of September the enemy forced the passage of the Chickamauga at Reed's and Alexander's
Bridges, driving back Minty and Wilder. During the night General Rosecrans completed the concen-
tration of his anny, except the, reserves at Rossville and the cavalry at Blue Bird and Dougherty


TllK liATTI.K.

At ill) early lumr nn tin- niDriiiii^ of St-ptonilHT IJMli, (Tcneral Tlmmas moved from Crawfisfh
S|iriiif;s with Hainl's and Unmiiairs divisit>ns, and attacked tlie enemy's ri^^lit, in the vicinity of Jay's
AlilU, thwartiiii; liis (<jn of turniiifr our left. Tliomjis heini; reiidbrccd l»y Joiinson of the 20tli corps,
and Palmer of the 21st, and Reynolds having; joined, and the enemy havin;; receive<l strong reinforce-
ments, the liu'Iiting on the left grew severe, gradually extending to the right ; Wood, Van Cleve, Davis,
Sheridan, and Wihler, successively hecoming heavily engaged. The cavalry arriving at Crawfish Spring,
closed in on the right and guarded the upper fords of the Chickamauga. The contest closed at dark
without material gain to either side. During the night a new line, a little to the rear, was forniea.

On the morning of Scpteml)cr 20th, the enemy commenced by a heavy assault on the left, rapidly
extending it to the right. Tiiomas l)eing much pressed, was reinforced liy two of Negley's brigades,
and subsequently by Wood. The withdrawal of Wood, opened a gap on our right center, tiirough
■which the enemy poured, overwhelming Davis and Sheridan, who were closing in to the left, and driving
their divisions and part (jf the right center into the ridge. Tiic enemy ik)W brought his whole force to
bear upon Thomas, assaulting his lines with great persistence. Brannan and Reynolds were forced back
to a position nearly at right angles to the line they held in the morning. Wood formed between Bran-
nan and Reynolds. At tliis time the enemy were gaining Bninnan's right and rear, when General Gran-
ger, with Steedman's division, opportunely arrived, and forming on Brannan's right, drove the enemy
back. The position now occujiied was held until night, when the troops were withdrawn to Rossville,
under the command of General Thomas.

September 21st, the army lay in line at Rossville all day, withdrawing during the night to Chatta-

General Rosecrans lost. Officers killed, 132; wounded, 572; missing, 270; Enlisted men, killed,
1,555; wounded, 8,822; missing, 4,985; Total Idlled, 1,CS7; wounded, 9,394; missing, 5,255. Total
loss in officers, 974; enlisted men, 15,302; aggregate loss, 10,336.


The loss in killed and wounded is compiled from the official reports of the Army, Corps, and Divis-
ion Commanders Reliel Army. Where the loss of a division is not stated in the official report its loss
is assumed to be ecjiial to the average loss in tiiose divisions whose losses are officially given, which
constitute a majority of the divisions. The loss iu prisoners is taken from our official reports.

Total loss, killed, 2,073; wounded, 16,274; missing, 2,003; aggregate loss, 20,950.

On the night of September 30th, the enemy's cavalry, under AVheeler, crossed the Tennessee River,
near Washington, and moved thence against General Rosecrans connnunications, capturing and burning
a large wagon train near Anderson's Cross roads. Colonel McCook, with the 1st division, attacked
Wheeler a!ul drove him from the burning train. General R. B. Alitchell, with General Crook's and
Colonel McCook's cavalry divisions, closely pursued Wheeler through Middle Tennessee, driving him
back across the Tennessee River without his having materially interfered with General Rosccraus's com-
numications. General Crook's division, which was in advance, had several l)risk skirmishes with tlie
enemy, and near Farmington fought, a severe battle with Wheeler's forces, driving them from the Held
with loss. The routes pursued by General Mitchell's forces are correctly indicated on the map.

CommanJhiij Army af the (.'umherland — Maj. Gen. AV. S. Koseckans.
Commamltng CV/y>«.— Maj. Gen. Geo. II. Thomas, 14thCori)s; Maj. (len. A. McD. McCook,
20th Cori)s; Maj. Gen. T. L. Crittenden, 21st Corps; Maj. Gen. G? Granger, Reserve Corps; Maj.
Gen. D. S. Stanly,* Cavalry Corps.

• (ii'iunil Stnnly' Hi.k. RriL-. fieii. K. It, Milclicll ooiniimiKli'il Cavalrv C'oq)K iil llie boUlc of Cliicknnmugo.


Commanding \st Divisions. — Brig. Gen. A. Baird, 14tli Corps ; Brig. Gen. J. C. Davis, 20tli Corps ;
Brig. Gen. T. J. Wood, 21st Corps; Brig. Gen. J. B. Stcednian, Reserve Corps; Colonel E. M. Me-
Cook, Cavahy Corps.

Commanding 'id Divisions. — Maj. Gen. J. S. Ncglcy, 14tli Corps ; Brig. Gen. K. "W. Johnson,
20tli Corps; Maj. Gen. J. M. Palmer, 21st Corjjs; Brig. Gen. J. D. Morgan,* Reserve Corps; Brig.
Gen. Geo. Crook, Cavalry Corps.

Commanding Zrd Divisions. — Brig. Gen. J. M. Brannan, l-ltli Corjis ; Maj. Gen. P. II. Sheridan,
20th Corps; Brig. Gen. 11. P. Van Cleve, 21st Corps; Brig. Gen. R. S. Granger,* Reserve Corps.

Commanding Mh Divisio7i. — Maj. Gen. J. J. Reynolds, 14th Corps.

Comm((ndi)ig liehel Ay'iny. — Maj. Gen. Bkaxton Bragg.

Commanding Corps. — Lieut. Gen. J. Longstreet, Lient. Gen. L. Polk, Lieut. Gen. D. 11. Hill,
Maj. Gen. S. B. Buckner, Maj. Gen. W. II. T. Walker, Maj. Gen. Wheeler; Brig. Gen. N. B. Forrest,
Cavalry Corps.

Commanding Divisions. — Maj. Gen. J. B. Hood, Maj. Gen. B. F. Cheatham, Maj. Gen. P. R.
Cleburne, Maj. Gen. A. P. Stewart, Brig. Gen. J. R. Liddell ; Brig. Gen. J. A. Wharton, Brig. Gen.
F. Armstrong, Cavalry Division.

Co7mnanding Divisions. — Brig. Gen. E. M. McLaws, Maj. Gen. T. C. llindman, Maj. Gen. J. C.
Breckinridge, Brig. Gen. W. Preston, Brig. Gen. S. R. Gist; Brig. Gen. W. Martin, Brig. Gen. J.
Pegrani, Cavalry Division.

Commanding Divisions. — Brig. Gen. B. R. Johnson, Brig. Gen. P. Anderson.


Maj. Gen. TJ. S. Grant was appointed to the command of the Military Division of the Mississippi,
comprising the Departments of the Cumberland, Tennessee, and Ohio, on the 16th day of October,
1863; lie assumed command on the 18th by telegraph from Loiiis\'ille.

The Army of the Cumberland, Maj. Gen. W. S. Rosecraus commanding, was at Chattanooga.
Maj. Gen. W. T. Sherman, commanding the Army of the Tennessee, was en route with Blair's (15th)
corp,s of his army, from Memphis to Chattanooga. The Army of the Ohio, Maj. Gen. A. E. Burnside
commanding, was at Knoxville. On the 19th, Maj. Gen. Geo. LI. Thomas succeeded General Rosecraus
in the command of the Department oi, the Cumberland. Prior to being reheved, General Rosecrans
had ordered the concentration of Hooker's troops at Bridgeport, preparatory to advancing along the
line of the railroad towards Chattanooga. On assuming command of the Army of the Cumberland,
General Thomas ordered the immediate execution of this movement, and, after consulting with Brig.
Gen. W. F. Smith, Cliief Engineer, he determined upon certain other movements in conjunction with
Gen. Hooker's advance, looking to the opening of the Tennessee River and main wagon road from
Bridgeport to Bro\vn's Ferry ; it being impossible to supply the Army at Chattanooga by the road on
the north bank of the river.

General Grant arrived in Chattanooga on the 23d, and approving of General Thomas's plans they
were carried into execution. General Thomas du-ected Brig. Gen. W. F. Smith, Chief Engineer, to
make a lodgment on the south bank of the Tennessee River, at Brown's Ferry, and seize the range of
hills in that vicinity, as they commanded the Kelly's Ferry Road. In connection with tliis movement,
General Hooker was to cross the Tennessee River at BridgC[)ort and advance on Waidiatchic. General

* GeneralR. S. Granger's division and two brigades of General Morgan's division were not present at the battle of CLickamaiiga.


I'aliia-r to iiiovo iVoin liis position opposite Cliattanooj^a, tiy the route north of tlic river, to a jioint
opposite Wliitetiiile't-; thiii to eross to the south siile of tlie river, ami liokl tlie road parsed over by

On tlie iii;;ht of the 27th, (leneral Smith, with a force of oif^htceii hundred men under General
\V. 15. Ila/en, floated down the river in jiontoon hoat.s from Chattanoo<^a, eu]itiM-ed the enemy's pickets
stationed at lirown's Ferrv, and seized the ranj;e of hills connnandin"; the Kelly's Ferry Road. The
remainder of General Smith's force, consistiiif; of about twelve hundred men under General Turchin,
moved from opjiosite Chattanooga, hy the north hank of the river, to Brown's Ferry, and before day
dawn were ferried across the river, anil by 10 a. m. a pontoon bridge was laid at this point.

On the 28th, Hooker emerged into Lookout Valley at Wauliatchie, with General Howard's corps,
and General Geary's division of the Twelfth Corps. Geary took position at "Wauhatchie, and Hooker,
with Howard's corps, some three miles further on toward Bnjwn's Ferry. General Palmer Ciirricd out
his part of the movement according to instructions.


During the night two divisions of Loiigstreet's Corps assailed Jiooker":- troops making the main
as.sault ujjon (Tcary ; the enemy were signally rejjulsed. Thus two lines of supply from Bridgeport were
secured; one via Whiteside's, Wauhatchie, and Brown's Ferry, twenty-eight miles of wagoning; the
other by river to Kelly's Ferry, and thence eight miles by wagons. Prior to tliistime Chattanooga was
]>ractically invested, supplies having to be hauled some sixty or seventy miles, over a very impracticable
road on the north bank of the river ; the army could not have been supplied but a few days longer.

Bragg now sent Longstreet into East Tennessee to attack Burnside at Knoxville.

Sherman's advance reached Bridgeport ai)Out the 14th of November, crossing the river at that
point. Moving thence, via Whitesides, one division threatening the enemy's left front in the
direction of Trenton, Sherman rccrossed the Tennessee River at Browni's Ferry, and moved up the
north bank to near the mouth of South Chickamauga, where he arrived on the 23d, with Generals
Morgan L. Smith's, John E. Smith's, and Hugh Ewliig's divisions, conc^'aling his troops from the
enemy until the projjcr time for making a lodgment on the south baidv of the river. The drift-wood
breaking the ])ontoon bridge at Brown's Ferry prevented Generjil Osterhaus's division from cTo.ssing,
and it was placed under command of General Hooker. Pontoons were liuilt and placed in the North
Chickamauga near its mouth, and on the night of the 23(1 the pontoons were filled with armed men and
floated down to a point just below the mouth of the South Chickamauga, where the troops made a
lodgment on the south t)ank of the Tennessee River, capturing the enemy's picket guard. By 12
o'clock m. the pontoon bridges were laid across the Tennessee and Chickamauga, and the remainder of
Sherman's forces crossed over and scizeil tlie northern extremity of Missionary Ridge, and fortitied their
position during the night.


General Thomas having driviii the enemy from his front line, and secured Orchard Knoll on the 23d,
fortified his position during llie nigiit, and on the 24th he pu>hed Howard's cor])S along the south bank
of the Tennessee River, and across Citico Creek. Howard tiien reported to General Sherman, remaining
under his command during the rest of the battle and the subsetpicnt advance for the relief of Knoxville.
Hooker scaled the western .-^lope of Lookout Mountain, drove tiie enemy from his ritle-pits on the northern
extremity and slo]ie of the mountain, ca]itnring many ])risonei's, without serious loss.

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