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shifted from the left to the right. On the 28th the enemy sallied from Atlanta and assailed Logan's
<!orps with great fury, meeting with a signal repulse; his loss was about 5,iHin, while General Logan's
loss was about GOO. August Ist, Generals Palmer and Schoficld moved from the left to the right, pro-
longing the line to near Ea.st Point. About this time Generals Hooker and Palmer resigncil their
respc(rtive commands: CJeneral Slocum succeeding Hooker, and General Jeff. C. Davis succeeding
Palmer. General D. S. Stanley succeeded (Jeneral Ilowanl in command of tlie 4tli corps. On the
5t]i, General Keilly's brigade (Seliofield's army) assaulted the enemy's lines below Ufoy Creek, Imt was
driven back with ii loss of 40(>: next day General Ilaseall turned the enemy's position, and General
Schofield advanced hi.s line close up to, and facing, the eni'iiiy below I'toy Creek. About the Kith, the
enemy's cavalry, under Wheeler, made a raid ujioii General Sherman's commimications. Tlie oppor-
tunity was .seized to cut the enemy's communications. (Tciieral Kili>atrick, with 5,O0O cavalry, broke
the West Point Itailroad near Fairlnirn; he then tore up the .Macon road at .lone.-lioro, where he fought
the enemy successfully and then retired on Decatur.

General Sliermaii now determined to raise the seige of Atlanta and moved by the right Hank ujMPn
the enemy's eoiiimuiiications with his whole army, excejpf tlie 20th corps. On the night of the 25th,



THE ARMY OF THE CUMllKRLAND. 27

Geueral Stanley withdrew t'roin the left, an<l nmvi'il to a position below Proctor's Creek. General
Williams, Adtlithe 20th corps, witlidrcw t<i tlie intrcuc-hed position at Cliattaliooclioe. On the niglir of
the 26tli, General Howard moved \>y .1 circuit toward S:iiidfo\\n, an<l across Camp Crcclc. General
Thomas moved lielow TTtoy Creel-;, General Si-lioiicid remained in ]iosition. Iloward then moved on
the West Point llailroad al)ove Fairhnrn, Thomas ahont lied Oak, and Schofield closed in near "Digs
and Minis;" the railroad was completely destroyed for twelve and a liah" miles, and the army then moved
on the Macon road, Howard on the right toward Joneshoro ; Thomas on the centre liy Shoal Creek
Clmrch, to Couch's; Schotield on the left toward Rough-and-Ready. On the 31st, the enemy came
out of his lines at Joneshoro and attaeked Howard, hut was repulsed, losing about 2,500 men. Sep-
tember 1st, Thomas moved down toward Joneshoro, Schotield moving down on his left ; General Davis
assai;lted the enemy's lines, carrying them and capturing most of Govan's brigade. Schofield and
Stanley did not get up in time to jiarticipate in the attack; the next moiuiing the enemy was gone ; a
general pursuit was ordered. General Thomas on the left of the railroad, Howard on the right, and
Schofield keeping about two miles to the east. The enemy was found in an intrenched piosicion near
Lovejoy's Station. It was now learned that tlie enemy abandoned Atlanta on the niglit of September
1st, and that General Shicum had moved up from the Chattahoochee and taken possession of the city.
The army then moved back to the camps selected. General Thomas's army camping about Atlanta,
General Howard's army about East Point, and General Schofield's army aliont Decatur.

Geueral Sherman started on the campaign with the following forces :

Army of the Cund)erland : infantry, 54,508; artillery, 2,377; cavalry, 3,828; total, 60,773;
guns, 13i>. Army of the Teimessee : infantry, 22,437; artillery, 1,404; cavalry, 624; total, 24,465;
guns, 96. Army of the Ohio: infantry, 11,183; artillery, 67'.»; cavalry, 1,697 ; total, 13,559; guns,
82. Grand aggregate — troops, 9S,797; guns, 254.

Commandinfj Ariny of the Cumberland — Maj. Gen Geo. H. Thomas.

Commanding Coqis. — Maj. Gen. O. O. Howard,* 4th Corps ; Maj. Gen. J. M. Palraei-,t l^tli
Corps; Maj. Gen. Jos. Hooker, { 2()tli Corps; Brig. Gen. W. L. Elliott, Cavalry Coi'ps.

Commanding Divisions. — Maj. Geu. D. S. Stanley, || 1st Div., 4tli Corps ; Brig. Gen. R. W.
Johnson, § 1st Div., 14th Corps; Brig. Gen, A. S. Williams, H 1st Div., 20th Coi-ps ; Colonel E. M.
McCook, 1st Div., Cavalry Corps; Maj. Geu..John Newton, 2d Div., 4th Coi-ps; Brig. Gen. Jeft". C.
Davis, ** 2d Div., 14tli Corps; Brig. Gen. J. W. Geary, 2d Div., 20th Corps; Brig. Gen. K. Garrard,
2d Div., Cavalry Corps; Brig. Gen. T. J. Wood, 3d Div., 4th Corps; Brig. Gen. A. Bau-d, 3d Div.,
14th Corps; Maj. Gen. D. Butterfield, ft 3d Div., 20th Corps; Colonel W. W. Lowe,tt 3d Div.,
Cavalry Corps; Maj. Gen. L. H. Rousseau, 1||| 4th Div., 20th Corps; Brig. Gen. A. C. Gillem,|||| 4th
Div., Cavalry Corps.

' July 27th, Maj. Gen. O. O. Howard appointed to the command of the Army of the Tenne.seee.
t August 6th, Maj. Gen. Palmer resigned command of the 14th Corps.
J July 27tli, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker resigned the command of the SOth Corp-).

II July 27tli, Maj. Gen. D. S. Stanley appointed to the command of the 4th Corps. July 27th, Colonel William M. Grose

assumed command of the Ist Division, 4th Corps. August 3d, Brig. Gen. N. Kimball assumed command of the let Division, 4th Corps.

§ June 13th, General Johnson was wounded and Brig. Gen. J. H. King took command of the division. July 13th, General

Johnson resumed command of his division. August 7th, Brig. Gen. R. W. Johnson assumed command of the 14th Corps. August

17th, Brig. Gen. W. P. Carlin assumed command of the Ist Division, 14th Corps.

H July 27th, Brig. Gen. h.. S. Williams assumed command of the 20th Corps.

** August 22d, Bvt. Maj. Gen. J. C. Davis assumed command of the 14th Corps. August 22d, Brig. Gen. J. D. Morgiin assumed
command of the 2d Division, 14th Corps,

tt June 29th, Maj. Gen. W. T. Ward succeeded General Butterfield in command of 3d Division, 20th Corps.
U Brig. Gen. .7. Kilpatrick relieved Colonel Lowe hefore the division started upon the campaign. May 13th, Brig. Gen. J.
Kilpatrick was wounded and Colonel C. H. Murray took command of the division. May 21st, Colonel W. W. Lowe assumed com-
mand of the 3d cavalry division.

nil Generals Rosseau's and Gillem's divisions did not take part in the campaign being on duty in Middle Tennessee. General
Rousseau Commanded District of Jliddle Tennessee.

August 27th, Maj. Gen. H. W. Slocum appointed to the conmiand of the 2(lth Corps.



28 LKUKXDs OK Tin: orr.KATioxs of

Comiiiaitilliuj Aniiij of the Tenntsuce. — M:ij. (leii. J. I'. ^IcPiikkson.*

Coiinnuntliiiff C(//y>«.— Maj. Geii. Jnlni A. Lojjaii, 15tli Cor|>8; Maj. Gen..iT. ^[. Dmljie, lOtli
C'i)r|is; Maj. Gen. F. P. Blair, 17tli Corps; Brij;. Geu. U. II. Gricrsi^n, Cavalry Corps.

CommitiH/i/iij Dioimonn. — Brij;. (tcii. I*. J. ()iitc'rliaii.«, 1st I)iv., l.")tli Corps; lirig. Cicii. J. A.
Mower, 1st Div., lOtli Cor)is; Brijr. Gl-ii. C. S. Duvin, l.-t Div., ITtli Corps; Brig. Gun. E. ilat.li,t
1st Div, Cavalry Crps; Brii,'. Gtn. W. V>. llazen, 2(1 Div., l.Jtli Crps; Brig. Gen. J. M. Corse, lM
Div., 10th Corps; Colonel K. F. Winsl.iw,t 'id Div., Cavalry Corps; Brig. Gen. J. E. Smith, 3(1
Div., 15tl» Corps; Brig. Gen. A. J.Sniitli,t -'M Div., ICth Corps; Brig. Gen. M. D. Leggett, 3il Div.,
17th Corps; Brig. Gen. W. Harrow, 4th Div., l.')th Coriis; Brig. Gen. J. M. Tuttle.t 4th Div., 16th
Corps; Brig. fren. S. A. yniith, 4tli J>iv., ITtli Corps.

Coiinnaiiiliiiij Aninj of the Ohio — Maj. Gen. J. M. Scikikiki.k.

CuiainandiiKj Corjm. — Maj. Gen. .1, M. SelinlieM, l!;!il Corps; Maj. (Ten. Geo. Stimeinan, Cavalry
Corps.

CominanJi'ny Dlvinionis. — 2(1 Div., Brig. Gen. M. S. Ilaseall; 'M\ Div., Brig. Gen. J. D. Cox; 4th
Div., Brig. Gen. Aniinen ;{ 5th Div., Maj. Gen. S. G. Burl)riilge.||

Comma iidhifj Brigades. — 1st Brig. Cav., Col. I. (iarrard ; 2d Brig. Cav., Cul. J. Biddle;? ?A
Brig. Cav., Colonel II. Capron ; Ind. Brig., Colonel A. II. IIolnian.§ r

Cominandlng liihel Anay — General J. E. Johnston.*"

Commanding Coi~ps. — Lieut. Gen. W. J. Hardee; Lieut. Gen. Polk ;** Lieut. Gen. J. B. Ilond;
r>rig. Gen. G. W. Smith ; Maj. Gen. J. AV'heelcr, Cavalry Corps.

Commanding Divisions. — Maj. Gen. B. F. Cheatham ; Maj. Gen. ^\^ W. Luring; Maj. (Ten.
C. L. Stevenson ; Maj. Gen. P. U. Clerljurne ; Maj. Gen. S. G. French; Maj. Gen. T. C. Ilindnian;
Maj. Gen. W. B. Bate-; Maj. Gen. E. C. "Walthall, "lilaj. Gen. A. P. Stewart."

Commanding Brigaded. — Brig. Gen. Carswell ; Brig. Gen. Ajideivon ; Brig. Gen. Philli[is.

Commanding Caadry. — Maj. Gen. AV^. Jackson ; Bi-ig. Gen. W. Martin.

G E( ) IIG I A C A M PA IG N.

AVhile resting his iiriny, alter the fall of Atlanta, and making prcparatinns for a future eam]>aign,
General Sherman strengthened his rear h}' .sending Genend Wagner's division of the 4th Corps, and
(-leneral Morgan's division of the 14tii Corps, hack to Chattanooga, and Corse's division of the l.">th
Corps to Rome.

The enemy moved westward from Lovejoy's Station, .and aliout the 1st of Octoher crossed the
Chattahoochee, and h}' a ra}iid movement g«.)t on the railroad in the vicinity of Big Shanty, destroying
many miles.

Leaving (iencral Slocimi, witli the 20th Corjis, to hold Atlanta and the railroad liridge across the
Chattahoochee, General Sherman, with the 4tii, 14tli, l.'plli, ITth, and 2;!(1 Coips, and two divisions of

* Muj. Gen. McPlicrson wag killed on tlio 22<1 iluy of .July. Maj. Gcu. O. 0. Howard a»i<uined command of tlio Armv of tlie
TenncHne on the ii7tli day of July,
t (Jn duly in West TeniicH»ei'.

Till' cliaiigc'H occurring diiriii|{ tli(> campaifrn, in diviBion commandort", are not given fir want (if d.ita.
! (icnenil Aininxn Commanded District of Kant TennesBee.

II Cienoral llurbridpe'ii divixion lield Kentucky. Gnn. ISurbridpe Commanded District of Kintuiky.
$ On duty in ICant 'I'eniiomoc.

H Siipemedcd at Atlanta by Gen. J. B. Hood: Lieut. Gen. S. D. Lee nuceceding Roml in tlie command of tlie corp(».
■" Killed ; Lieut. Gen. A. P. Stewart Buceeeding to the command of the corps.



THE ARMY OF THE CUMBERLAND. 29

cjiviilry, followed hard after the encmv. Anticipating an attack iijjon Allatoona, General Sherman, by
sii;'nal and telegraph, ordered its re-enforcenient from lionie. General Corse readied Allatoona with a
lirio-ade dm-ing the night of the -tth, and took c<muuand ; on the morning of the 5th, French's division
of Ilood.'s army assaulted the position, and was repulsed with severe loss. General Sherman, on arriving
at Kenesaw Mountain, pushed the 2:3d Corps due west, toward the road from Allatoona to Dallas,
threatening the enemy's rear. This caused iiim to withdraw, and feigning on Itome, he crossed the
Coi.isa river eleven miles helow. Moving through Allatoona Pass, General Sherman reached Rome 07i
the 11th, and pushed the 23d Corps and Garrard's cavalry across the Oostanaula, to threaten the flanks
of the enemy passing north. Tlie enemy, moving witli rapidity, attacked Resaca and was repndsed,
but he succeeded in In'ealdng the raih'oad from Tilton to the tunnel, and in capturing the garrison of
Dalton. "^

Arriving at Resaca on the evening of the l-tth. General Sherman sought to strike Hood in flank,
or f irce him to battle. General Howard moved to Snake Creek Gap, held by the enemy, and opened
skirmisliing to jiohl him, Avhile General Stanley, with the ith and 14th Corps, coidd get in his rear; but
the enemy witlidrew to Ship's Gap, and upon being attacked there retired on Lafayette, and subsequently
on Gadsden. General Sherman pushed into the valley of the Chattanooga and continued the pursuit,
the Army of the Tennessee moving by Lafayette and Alpine, the Army of the Cmnberland by Sum-
merville and Melville, the Army of the Ohio Ijy Yillanow, Dirt To\ni, and Gover's Gap. On the lOtli,
all of tlie armies were grouped about Gaylcsville, and General Sherman remained there watcliing-tlie
movements of the enemy. On the 2fith of October, Hood having moNisd westward across the Sand
Mountains, the 4th Corps, General Stanley, was ordered to proceed to Chattanooga and report to
General Thonuis. On the 30th, the 23d Corps, General Schotield, moved from Resaca with the same
destination ; and full piower was delegated to General Tliomas .over all troops in the military division,
save thiise M'liich were to take part in the Georgia campaign.

ILxid nuide a strong feint on Decatur, Alabama, and tlien passed on to Tuscuml)ia, and laid a
pontoon bridge opposite Florence.

General Sherman then made prejiarfitions for the Georgia campaign. The Array of the Tennessee
moved back on the south side of the Coosa to the vicinity of Smyrna Camp Ground. The 14th Corps
moved to Kingston, from which jioint the sick and wounded, and surplus baggage and artillery, were
sent to Chattanooga. The railroad in and about Atlanta, and between the Etowah and Chattahoocliec,
was destroyed. The garrisons from Kingston northward drew back to Chattanooga, taking with them
all pul)lic property and i-ailroad stock. On the 14th November, General Sherman's army was concen-
trated at Atlanta, cut ofi' from all ci:)mmunication with the rear.

MOVEMENT TO THE COAST.

General Howard with the right wing, and the cavalry division under Brig. Gen. Kilpatrick, moved,
via McDonough, to Gordon, where they arrived on the 23d, the cavalry having made a strong feint on
Macon. General Slocum, with the 20th Corps, moved, via Decatiu' and Madison, l)reaking the railroad
from Social Circle to Madison, and Inu-ning the railroad bridge across the Oconee, east of Madison,
turning thence south he reached Milledgeville on the 23d. General Sherman, with the 14th Corps,
raider General Davis, moved, via Covington, directly on Milledgeville. From Gordon, General Howard
moved to Sandersville, destroying the railroad to Tennille Station. General Slocum moved from
Milledge^^lle to Sanders^^lIe, whore some skirmishing was had vrith Wheeler's cavalry. General
Kilpatrick moved i'rom Gordon to Milledgeville, and thence to Waynesboro, afterward retiring to Louis-
ville, to meet General Slocum who had reached that point; the 20th Coi'ps having destroyed the
raih'oads as far as the crossing of the Ogeechee River. General Shernuui, with the ITtli Corps, General
Blair, moved on tlie south side of the railroad, while General Howard, with the loth Corps, General
Osterhaus, kept further to the right. Gen. Kilpatrick returned from Louis\-ilic toward Wa}iiesl)oro,



30 LKGEXDS OF TIIK OPKKATIOXS OF

siipjioftfil l.y Biiird's division of the 14tli Cor)>!i, encountering; AVIieeler at Tlionuis's Station, lie attacked
and dP'Vc him from his liarriiade. The army moved toward Savaimali as follows: General Davis \-ia
Lanipkin's Station an<l down the Savannah Kiver liuad ; (General Sloeuni witli tlie 2<>th Corps, (tcneral
Williams, on tlic middle road via Sprinj^field; General Blaii- along the railroad, and General Howard
sDUtli and west of tlic ( )i;eeehee. By the 10th of Deccniher the enemy wa> driven within his lines at
Savannah, and measures were taken for the investment of the city. General Slierman directed General
Ila/en, eonnuandinj; the 2d I)ivir<ion (tf the 14tli Corps, to cross to the west side of the O-jeechee, and
move down and earn- Fort McAllister by assault, whicli was successfully acconiplishefl on the IStli of
Decemlier, and coinmtniii-ation was opened with the tlect. Preiiaratiuns were then made to carry
Savannah by assault, hut tlie enemy evacuated the city on tlie nii;;ht of tiie 20tli, and General Sherman
took possession on the 21st, thus securing avast amount i«f i>ul)lic property, and a base for futm'c
operations.

VuiiuaandiiKj United Staten Forcen — Jlajoi- General W. T. Sukkman.

Comviatiding ir/z^i/.y.— Maj. Gen. 0.0. Howard, IliL'lit Wing ; Maj. Gen. 11. W. Slocum, Left
Winjr.

Cvmmaniling Cttijus. — Maj. Gen. P. II. Osterhaus, l.")tii Coi-]>s ; ilaj. Gen. F. P. Blair, 17th
Corps; Bvt. Brig. Gen. J. C. Davis, 14tli Coips; Brig. Gen. A. S. AVilliams, 20th Corps; Brig-
Gen. J. Kilpatrick, Cavalry.

Cammnnding Divisions. — l.")th Corps, Brig. Gen. C. II. Wood; Brig. Gen. W. IV Ilazen; Brig.
Gen. J. M. Cor.se; Brig. Gen. J. E. Sniitli. ITtii Cor].:-, Maj. Gen. J. Mower ; Brig. Gen. :^[. D.
Leggett ; Brig. Gen. Giles A. Smith. 14th Corps, Brig. Gen. W. P. Carlin ; Brig. Gen. J. D. Morgan ;
lirig. Gen. A. Baird. 2Ut]i Corps, Brig. Gen. X.J. Jack-un ; Brig. {4en. J. W. Geary; Brig. Gen.
W. T. Ward.

CA.MI'AKiN OF TIIK CAUOLINAS.

By the ir)th of January, General Siicrman wiis ready to march northward. Preliminary to this,
the 17th Corps iiad embarked at Tluniderbolt, and been transported to Beaufort, from wlience it made
a lodgment on the Charleston Railroad near Pocotaligo. Before the time api>ointed for the advance
of the left wing. General Slocinn, and the cavahy. General Kilpatrick, tlie Savannah River had become
so swollen as to overflow the whole bottom, the Union Causeway being four feet underwater. General
Slocum therefore moved up to Sister's Ferry, but there the river with its overflowed bottoms was three
miles wide, anil he did not succeed in crossing his M'liole command until the first week of Febniiyy-
In the meantime, Genei-al Grant had sent Grovcr's division of the lOtli Corits to garrisfni Savannah,
and had re-enforced the connnands of Generals Terry and Palmer, operating on the coast of North
Carolina, liy tlic 23d Cor[>s, General Schofield, from Tennessee. General Foster, commanding the
Department of the South, was instructed to follow General Sherman's movement and occupy the city
of Charleston, and such points along the coast sis would be of military value. The capture of Fort
P'isher and the forts at the mouth of the Cajic Fear River gave an additional point of security on the
coast. General Sherman determined to move directly on Gold.sboro and open conununication with the
sea by the Newbern Railroad. Ilanng had a conference at Hilton Head with Admirsd Dahlgren and
General Foster, he joined the 17th Corjis at Pocotaligo on the 24th. Hatch's Division of Foster's
coinmaiul moved from the Tidlafniney and Coosawhatchie Rivers to Pocotaligo, and feigned crossing
the Salkehatchic, while tin- right wing moved up to River's and Beautonl's Bri<lgcs. The enemy held
the liiu' of the Salkehalchie, but (ienerals Mower's and Giles A. Sn'iith's divisions of the 17th Coqis
carried I liver's bridge, and the enemy retreated behind the Edisto, at Branchville. The 15th Corps
hail advanced by different routes to Hickory Hill, and thence to Beaufort's Bridge. The eiu-my,
apprehending an advance on Branchville, burned the railroad bridge, and Walker's Bridge below, across



THE ARMY OF THE CUMBERLAKD. 31

the Edisto. From the 7th to the 10th of Fel)ru;irv, tli^' raih-o:ul was destrojed from the Edisto to
Windsor. Iii the meantime, General Ivilpatrick iiad adxanced to BhieicviUe, and then tm'uing toward
Aiken, threatened Augusta, skirmishing lie^vily witli Wheeler's cavalry at Blackville. The right wing
advanced on Orangebm-g; tlie 17th Corps,, crossing the South Fork of the Edisto at Biunaker's Bridge,
moved on the direct road ; the loth Corps, crossing at liolman's bridge, moved in support.

The 17th Coqis drove the enemy from Orangeburg, pusliing him across the Congaree, and forcing
him to bm-u the liridges. The raili-oad was destroyed at Le\visville, and the 17th Corps marclied on
Columbia by the State road. Tlie 1.5tli Corps advanced on a country road to the left, and on the loth
of February encountered the enemy at Congaree Creek ; speedily dislodging liim the march was resimied.
On the morning of the 18th, the head of the cohtmn reached the bank of the Congaree Eiver opposite
Columliia ; but the enemy ha\Hng burned the I)ridge, the column moved three miles above and crossed
the Saluda at the Factory, and afterward the Broad llivei-, so as to enter Columbia from the north.
The left ^\^ng and the cavalry crossed the Edisto at New and Guignard's Bridges, and advanced on
Columbia by different roads, to the left of the right \ring, the head of the column reaching the bank of
the Congaree, opposite Columbia, \\-ithin an hour after the arrival of the head of the right ^\^ng. The
left -wing and the cavahy crossed the Saluda at Zion Church; the infantry movmg directly on Winns-
boro, wliile the cavahy bore olf to the left, passing through Alston and thence to Blackstakes Depot,
the railroad and the bridges aliout Alston were destroyed en route. General Slocum caused the rail-
road to he destroyed from Winnsboro to Blackstakes, and drawing otf to the right, crossed the Catawba
and advanced on Sueedsboro, the 20th Corps sldrmishing with the enemy's cavalry at Chesterfield.
The cavalry, keeping on the left flank of the infantry, passed through Lancaster, demonstrating toward
Charlotte, and then bearing to the right, continued on the left flank and crossed the Yadkin at Sueeds-
boro. In the meantime the right wing had destroyed the railroad from Columbia to "Winnsboro, and
crossing the Catawl)a at Ray's Ferry, advanced on Cheraw, the 17th Corps crossing Lynch's Creek at
Yoimg's Bridge, and the loth Corps ly Tiller's and Kelly's Bridges. On the 3d of March, the 17th
Corps entered Cheraw, the enemy retreating across tlie Pedee and liurning the bridges. Much public
]iroperty was destroyed at Cheraw. The columns were again put in motion directed on Fayette\ille,
North Carolina ; the right \\-ing crossing the Pedee at Cheraw, the l-tth Cor[)S crossing at Sneedsljoro.
The different corps advanced on separate roads, the cavalry keeping well on the left flank. On the night
of the 9th of March, General Kilpatrick's three lirigades were chvided to picket the roads; General
Hampton detecting this, attacked Colonel Spencer's brigade at daylight, surprising the command ; but
General Kilpatrick rallied his men, and by a prompt and vigorous attack regained his artillery, hoiaes,
and camp. On the 11th, the l-lth and 17th Corps reached Fayetteville, skirmishing with Hampton's
cavahy, that covered the rear of Hardee's army, which retreated across the Cape Fear Iliver, burning
the bridge. At Fayetteville :i \ast amount of public property of all kinds was destroyed. Hitherto,
Gener.al Sherman had succeeded in interposing ' his superior army between the scattered parts of the
enemv ; but now General J. E. Johnston had concentrated his forces upon General Sherman's front and
left flank.

On the 12th of March, General Sherman ordered General Terry, at Wilmington, and Genei-al
Schofield, at Newljern, to move vdth their commands on Goldsboro, endea\-oring to meet him there on
or about the 20th. The cohmms moved out of Fayetteville on the 15th, General Slocum, ^\•ith four
divisions of the left wing, proceded by the cavahy, advanced to\vard Averaslioro ; the two remaining
(hnsions of the left wing, and the train, took the direct road to Goldsboro. General Howard moved
on roads to the right, holding four divisions hght, ready to march to the assistance of the left •s\'ing, and
senchng his trains toward Faison's Depot. General Kilpatrick encountered the enemy's rear near
Taylor's Hole Creek, skirnn'shing heavily. On the morning of the Itith General Slocmu advanced his
infantry cohmms and developed tlie enemy under Hardee, with infantry, artillery, and cavalry, in an
intrenched position where the mad branches off towards Goldsboro. The enemy's first fine was carried.



32 LF,GEX]>.s ov Tin: oi-ekations ok

and lie was furcod liack into liis seciiiid and stronjrcr line, and |)ros.«ed so liard that he withdrew during
the niirht and retreated on Sniitlitield. (ieneral Sloeinn lust in this attair, known as the hattle of
Averashoro, 77 killeil and 477 wounded. Tiie enemy's loss ean he inferred i'roni his dead, KiS left on
the tield. The main ImmIv of the ]v\\ winj; turned to the ri^dtt takinjr the <iold.-hi>ro road, while General
Ward's division ]>ursued the enemy throiiiih Averasl)oro, rcjoinini; the main column heyond that plaee
on the Bentoiiville road.

On the Iftth of Mari'li, General Carlin's <livisi()n hein^' tlie advance of tlie left wing, eneoimtered
Dihhrill's cavalry division, and driving it liack, devoloiiod, near Bentonville, the whole rehel army under
General Johnston. General Slojuim prom] it ly deployed his force, two divisions of the 14th Corps, General
Davis, on the right, and two divisions of the 2l)th Corps, General Williams, on the left. A line of li:irri-
cadcs was hastily prepared. General Kilpatrick came up and massed on the left. The enemy made six
distinct assaults upon General Slocum's line hut failed to carry it at a single point. During the night
General Sloeum got up his two remaining divisions and his wagon train, ■iin<l General Ila/en's division


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