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of the ir)th Corps. The right wing moving to the relief <>f the left, found its approach opposed hy a
eonsidcrahle hoily of rehel cavalry hehiiid a barricade at the forks of the road near Bentonville; the
enemy's cavalry was speeilily dislodged, and General Iloward moved-forward and connected his left with
General Slocum's right. The enemy had thrown hack his left Hank, and had constructed a line of parapet,
(•onnecting with that in front of General Slocnm, in the form of a bastion, its salient on the main Golds-
boro road, interposing between General Sloeum on the west and General Iloward on the east, while
the Hanks rested on Mill Creek, covering the i-oad back to Smithfield. By 4 p. m. of the 20th, a strong
hue of battle confronted the enemy in his intrenched position, placing him upon the defensive, the
skirmish line pressing him steadily. On the 21st, the skirmish line warmly attacked the enemy from
left to right, carrying it almost to a general engagement. The same day General Schofield entered
Goldshoro, and General Terry got possession of the Neuse Eiver at Cox's Bridge, ten miles aljove;
thus, the three armies made connection. During the night of the 21st, the enemy retreated to Smith-
lield. General Shermsm lost in the battle of Bentonville 101 killed, 1,108 wounded, and 287 missing;
total, 1,»!4(I. The enemy left 207 dead on the field, and lost in prisoners 1,025; his loss in woimded not
known.

< )ii the 2:)ril the armies were jilaced in camp. On the 25th the Ncwburn railroad was tinished,
affording a channel of supjily. The object of the campaign was now accomplished, and Gen. Siiei'man's
army was in a pifsition to take an apjiropriate part in further military operations.

C'oi/uiuiitdi/iff United States Forces— ^\\\y Gen. W. T. Siikkmax.

Coiiimanding Winfjs. — ]\Iaj. Gen. O. (). Ilowai'd, Hi Jit Wing; }sh\\. Gen. II. W. Slocuiii, Left

Wi"f,'. _■ . . ■

Cmmnanding Co7y7s. — Maj. Gen. J. A.' Logan, 15tli Cor|)S ; Maj. Gen. V. P. Blair, 17th Corps;
Brv't Maj. Gen. J. C. Davis, 14th Corps; Brig Gen. A. S. Williams, 2nth Corps ; Brig. (4eii. Kilpatrick,
Cavalry Division.

Cmiiminxliny Dtt'isioiis. — Brig. (-ien. C. It. Wood, Brig. (-Jen. W. B. Ila/.en, Brig. Gen. J. M.
Corse, Brig. (leii. J. E. Smith, 15th Corps ;"Maj. Gen. J. Mower, Brig. Gen.]\I. D. Leggett, Brig. Gen.
(iilcs A. Smith, 17th Corps; Brig. Gen. A\^ B. Carlin, Jhig. Gen. J. D. Morgan, Brig. Gen. A. Baird,
14tli Corjis; Brig. Gen. N. J. Jackson, Brig. Gen. J. W. Geary, Brig. Gen. AV. T. Ward, 20th Corps.

CAMl'AKiN ENDING IN THE STRRENDERoF GENERAL J. E. .lOllNSTON

AND ins ARMV.

'J'hc batiks at I'ctcrsburg, bctwt'iii Generals Grant and Lee, determined General Slii-riiian to
attempt the capture or destruction of General Johnston's army, instead of advancing on Burksville,
interposing between Lt'e and Johnston, as he had ]irevioiisly intended.



THE AUMY OF THK CUMBKRLAND. 33

On the inoriiiiig of the lOtli of April, 1865, General Slicnnau's army was in motion against the
eneniv. General Sloeum advancing directly on Sniitlitield ; General Howard mailing a circuit to the
right, and feigninguj) the Weldon road, to disconcert the enemy's cavalry ; Generals Terry and Kilpatrick
moving on the west side of Neiise liiver, and aiming to reacli the enemy's rear between Smithtield and
JRaleigh ; General Schohekl followed General Sloeum in support. The enemy's cavalry oflered some
resistance to the advance but %vas swept back without delay, and l)y 10 a. m. of the 11th tlie 14th Corps
entered Smithiield, closely followed by the 20tli Corps. Johnston had retreated on Raleigh.
General Sherman drojjped his trains and marched rapidly in pursuit, reacliing Ualeigh on the morning
of the 13th. Tiie next day the cavalry pushed on to Durham's Station, the loth Corps followed as
for as Morrisville Station, and the 17th Corps to Jones' Station. Believing General Johnston tied
to the railroad l)y Hillsboro, Greensboro, Salisbury, Charlotte &c., as a line of retreat. General
Sherman turned the other columns across the bend of that road towards Ashl>oro.

By the 15th, General Sloeum liad the l-ttli Corps, General Davis, near Martha's Vineyard,
the 20th Corps, General Mower, in support, with a pontoon bridge laid across Cape Fear Iliver at
Aven's Ferry. General Howard had the 15th and 17th Corps on the road towards Fittsboro, ■\\'liilst
Kilpatrick held Durham's Station and Chapel Hill University. Johnston's army was retreating
from Hillsboro to Greensboro, he liimself at Greensljoro.

At the request of General Johnston, a short truce was agreed upon between himself and General
Sherman, and a day appointed for an interview, to consider terms for the surrender of General Johnston
and his army. During the 17th and 18th of April a memorandum, as a Itasis of surrender, was agreed
upon and signed by General Sherman and Johnston, and forwarded to the President of the United
States for appro\al or rejection. Th'e basis of surrender not being satisfactory to the President, new
terms were substituted, and on the 2Gth of April, 1865, General Johnston, and all forces subject to his
connnand, surrendered to General Shei'iuan.

Commanding United States Forces. — Maj. Gen. W. T. Sherman.

Commands. — Maj. Gen. H. W. Sloeum, Maj. Gen. O. O. Howard, Maj. Gen. J. M. Schoheld.

Commanding Co'rps. — Bv't. Maj. Gen. J. C. Davis, 14-th Corps ; Maj. Gen. J. Mower, 20th Corj)s ;
Maj. Gen. J. A. Logan, 15th Corps; Maj. Gen. F. P. Blair, 17th Corps; Maj. Gen. A. H. Terry, 10th
Corps ; Maj. Gen. J. M. Schoiield, 23rd Corps ; Bv't Maj. Gen. J. Kilpatrick, Cavalry Division.

Commanding Divisions. — Brig. Gen. C. P. "Woolcot, Brig. Gen. J. D. Morgan, Brig. Gen. A.
Baird, 14th Corps ; Brig. Gen. A. S. WiUiams, Brig. Gen. J. W. Geary, Brig. Gen. W. T. AVard, 20th
Corps; Brig. Gen. C.P. Wood, Brig. Gen. AY. B. Hazen, Brig. Gen. J. M. Corse, Brig. Gen. J. E. Smith,
15th Cordis; Brig. Gen. Ford, Brig. Gen. M. D. Leggett, Brig. Gen. Giles A. Smith, 17th Corps;
Brig. Gen. A'. Ames, Brig. Gen. C* J. Paine, lOth Corps; Brig. Gen. T. H. linger, Maj. Gen. D. M.
Couch, Maj. Gen, J. D. Cox, 23d Corps.



MAJOR GENERAL GEORriE II. THOMAS'S CAMPAIGN

IN THE DEFENSE OF MIDDLE TENNESSEE, AND THE MILITARY OPERxiTIONS
CONDUCTED PURSUANT TO HIS ORDERS IN CONNECTION THEREAVITH AND
SUBSEQUENT THERETO, ENDING WITH TIIE CAPTURE OF JEFFERSON DAVIS.

After the fall of Atlanta, General Sherman's forces were grouped as follows: Army of the Cum-
berland at Atlanta, Army of the Tennesseeat East Point, and Army of the Ohio at Decatur. On the
29th of September, the enemy's ca\ahy under Forrest crossed tlic Tennessee River at Waterloo, Ala.,
5



34 LKGF.NDS OK THE OrERATION.S OF

and niovi<l on tlie railn.a.lj in Mi.Mlt- Teniiessc-c. Forifst ciiptiired the frarrison at Athens, Alahjuna,
ami till- tr<«>|>.s sent to its n/lief, ami tlien moved on Pidaski, destroying the railroad as he advanced,
and cupturing the garrison at Snlphiir IJranch Trestle. Finding Puhiski stul>bornly defeiideil, he moved
to the Chattanooga Riilroad, and eat it near Tnllahonia, hut he was driven from the road hy (ieiierals
Konsseau and Steednian before nnich injury had been done. He now divided his eomniand into two
eolumns, one ••oluinn under Ihiford threatened Iliintsville, and subseiinentlv attacked Athens, which
General Granger had regarrisoncd. In this attack liiiford was repulsed. The otiier colunni under
Forrest threatened Columbia. General Thomas arrived at Nashville on the 3d of October, and took
charge of operations in Tennessee. Forrest's and Buford's commands were vigorously pursued by
Generals Rousseau, Steedman, Morgan, Washburn, and Croxton, but both made good their escjipe ;
IJuford crossed the Tennessee llivcr at Brown's Ferry on the 3(1, and Forrest crossed at Bainbridge on
the Oth.

Peniling these o]>erations in Tennessee, tiie whole front of affairs in Georgia had uinlcrgonc a
change. Hood had crossed the Chattanooga River, and with a portion of his army struck the railroad
at Big Shanty and destroyed ujiwards of twenty miles. On the oth, French's division of his army
as.satdted Allatoona, meeting with a severe repidse. Hood then made a feint on Rome, and crossing the
Coosa River below, moved toward Sumnierville and Lafayette, threatening Chattanooga and Bridge-
j)ort. (General Thomas then made the following dispositions: General Croxton's cavalry brigade was
directed to watch 'the line of the Tennessee from Decatur to Esustport. General Morgan's division
moved from Athens to Chattanooga. General Steedman's division moved fromDecat\n- to Bridgeport.
General Rousseau's troops were concentrated at Athens.

On the l-2th, the enemy's cavalry attacked Resaca and was rei)ulsed. The same day the garrisons
at Tumiel Hill, Ringgold, and intermediate points, were withdrawn to Chattanooga. On the 13tli,
Hood, with one corps of his army, forced the surrender of l)alton,an(l after destroying the railroad and
telegrai)li line he moved through Nickajack Gap, and rejoining his army near Sunnnerville, moved thence
to Gadsden. General Sherman leaving the 20th Corps at Atlanta, had closely pnrsued Hood with the
4th, 14th, 1.5th, and 17th Corps, and on the 19th his army was concentrated about Gaylesville. On
the 2 1st, Captain J. C. Van Duzer had restored telegrai)liic eomnumication with Atlanta, and on the
28th, Colonel W. W. Wright had repaired the railroad, and trains commenced rumiing regularly. On
the 2'Jth, General Sherman ordered the 4th Corps to report to General Thomas, retaining the 14th and
2<tth Corjis'of General Thomas's army iis a part of his force for the movement through Georgia to the
coast. The enemy made a strong feint on Decatur, Alaliama, from the 2r)th to the 29th, meeting with
considerable loss. He then withdrew and connnenced crossing the Tennessee River at the motith of
(Cypress Creek, It was now plainly evident that Hood intended to advance into Middle Tennessee,
(teneral Hatch, with his cavalry division, was ordered from CliTton, to the support of Cro.vton, at
Florences On the 3(»th, the 2;!d Corps was ordered to report to General Thonnis, and he was given
fidl control over all troops in the Military Division of the Mississipjti, save those which were to accom-
l>any General Sherman. Wood's division of the 4th Corjis reached Athens on the 31st, closely followed
liy the other divisions of the corps, (ieneral Schotield was moving up from Resaea with the 23d Corj)s.
The same day the enemy's infantry ett'ected a lodgment on the north i)aidv of the Tennessee, three miles
above Florence, anil his cavalry pressed Croxton back to the ciust bank of Shoal Creek. General Stanley
concentrated the 4th Corps at I'ulaski. In the meantime Forrest concentrated his cavalry on the Ten-
nesssee River op|)osite Jolmsonville, and ojiened heavily with artillery on the garrison and on the gun
boats isolated there, causing the destruction of the latter, and a vast amount of public property; he
then withdrew, and crossing the river fm-ther up, moved toward Clifton. On the .Mb, (ieneral Schotield
arrived at Na.shville with the advance of the 23d Corps, and proceeded inunediately to Jolmsonville;
tiniling the enemy gone, he left a sutlicient garrison, and moved with the rest of his troops to Pulaski,
and assmned connnand of all troops there, (ieneral Tlnnnas strove to retard the enemy's advance until



THK ARMY OF THE CrMBERLAND. 35

he could refeive re-enforpcinents. His cft'ective force confrontiiii; the ciieinv at this time was but twenty-
two thousaiKHiifaiitry and seven thousand seven hundred cavahy. Hood had about forty-two tliousaud
infantry and thirteen thousand eavahy. General Sherman remained at Kingston until the 11th, and
]n"s uncertain attitude operated to hold Hood in check at Florence, where he remained until the 19th;
then advanced on parallel roads towards "Way neslxiro, and on the 22d drove Hatch from Lawreneebura^.
General Sehotield prepared to evacuate Palaski and fall Ijack to Columbia. Cai)ron's brigade (jf cavalry
was at Mount Pleasant, covering the approach from that direction. General iiuger's di\i>ion was
recalled from Johnson\ille; two bi'igades took i)osition at Columliia, and one brigade was pobted at
Centreville to guard the line of Duck River. On tlie 23d, General R. S. Granger withdrew tlie garri-
sons from Decatur, Athens, and Iluntsville, Alabama, and retire<l on Stevenson, sending live regiments
to Murfreesboro. During tiie nigjit, General Schoiicld c\acuated Pulaski, ami got into jiosition at
Columlua on the 24th; Johnson ville was also evacuated, tlie troops retiring on Fort l)(iiu-lsi>n, and
thence to Clarksville.

The enemy came np and strongly pressed General Schotield's lines at Columliia, threatening to
cross above and below tiie town. During the night of the 27tli, General Sehotield withdrew to the
north bank of Duck liiver and took up a new position. Early on the 29th, the enemy effected a
crossing on the Le\\isburg pike, pressing back Wilson's cavalry ; subse(piently, part of his infantry
crossed at Huey's Mills, six miles aliove Cohunliia. AH further attempts of the enemy to cross were
repulsed mth loss. General Stanley was sent to Spring Hill with one division, to cover the trains and
o]ien the road for the withch-awal of the army to Franklin. He reached Spring Hill in time to sa\-e the
trains, driving oft' the enemy's cavalry. Subsequently, he was heavily assailed h\ both infantry and
cavalry, and after a severe contest repulsed the enemy. Giving directions for the withdrawal of the
troops as soon as covered by darkness. General Sehotield started at a late hour in the afternoon, with
liuger's division, to the relief of Stanley. Posting a brigade at Spring Hill, he pushed on to Thompson's
Station, where General linger took possession of the crossroads. The \\ithdi-awal from Columbia was
safely eitected after dark on the 29th, and on the morning of the 30th, General Sehotield had his whole
command in position at Franklin, with both ilanlis resting on the river. Works were innnediately
thrown uj).

On the evacuation of Columliia, General Milroy was directed to abandon Tullahoma and retire on
Mm-freesboro ; maintaining the garrison in the blockhouse at -Elk River Bridge.

On the morning of the 31st, the advance of General A. J. Snn'th's command reached Nashville.

BATTLE OF FRANKLIN.

In the retreat to Franklin, the enemy followed closely after General Schofield's rear guai'd, and
on the arrival of his main force, he formed rapidly and commenced the assault. General Schotield's
outposts were driven in, creating some confusion, and enabling the enemy to seize a portion of the line;
it was inmiediately regained by the reserve, and the enemy were rep\dsed at all points. He contimied
his iissaults with <rreat determination from half-past three p. m. until after dark, and made numerous
intermittent attacks until alnuit !•> ]i. m., when his efforts ceased. His attack extended along a front
of about two miles, reaching from General Schotield's left to his right centre ; his two right brigades
were only slightly engaged.

A short time before the enemy's infantry attack commenced, his cavtdry forced the passage of the
Harpeth River thi'ee miles above Franklin, dri\ing back a portion of General Wilson's cavalry ; be,
however, brought np the rest of his troops, and forced the enemy back across the river.

General Sehotield lost in the liattle of Franklin: killed, 189; wounded, 1,033; missing, 1,104 ;
aggregate, 2,326. Among the wounded was Genei'al Stanley. General T. J. Wood ttiok command of
the 4th Corps.



3G LEOEND.s (jr jiii: oi-kuations ok

II.H..1 Inst: killo.l, 1,7.">0; woiimlcd, S.'^dO; niissiiij,', 702 ; ii^'i,'ro;.',itc, C,.,1'y2. Iiirluilwl in the
cncmv's los8 wvrt' six •.'fiic-ral oIHcits kiili«l, six wniiiidiil, and one fniitnn'<l. Tiiis sijrnal detbat
decplv depressed the enemy, and General Sehotield withdrew his troops to Nasliville without further
molestation.

Commamling Lluitcd .S(a(t:s Furcen — ilujur General J. M. ScnoFiEt.D.

Coinmandhi'j Corj>K.—^h>.]. Gen. D. S. Stanley,* -ith Corps; Maj. Gen. J. il. S.holield, 2:!d Corj.s;
Bvt. Maj. Gen. J. II. Wilson, Cavalry Corps.

Coiniiiiindhig Dirimions. — Brij?. Gen. S. Kimliall, 1st Div., 4th Corps; Bri<;. Gen. G. D. Wairner,
lM Div., 4th Corps; Bri;;. (4cii. T. J. Wood, 3d Div., 4th Corps; Briir. Gen. T. II. Kuger, 2d i)iv.,
23d Corps; Brig. Gen. J. J), ('^x, -d Div., 23d Corps.

Cimimuiidiiiff C'tvtdnj. — Briir. Gen. Edward Hattli ; Brig. Gen. II. AV. Johnson ; Brig. Gen. J-
II. Hammond.

Covimauding Itcbd Army — General J.vo. 15. II<)(>i>.

Commandinrj Corps. — Maj. Gen. B. P. Cheatham ; Lieut. Gen; A. P. Stewart ; Lieut. Gen. S. D.
Ix3e ; Maj. Gen. N. B. Forrest, Cavalry Corps.

Commanding Divisions. — Maj. Gen. P. K. Chhm-ne, t Maj. Gen. .1. (". I'muii,' Maj. Gen.
"\V. B. Bate, Clieathanrs Corps ; Maj. Gen. W. W. Loring, Maj. Gen. S. G. French, Maj. Gen. E. C.
"Waltiiall, Stewart's Corps; Maj. Gen. C. L. Stevenson, Maj. Gen. E. Johnson, Maj. Gen. Clayton,
Lee's Corps ; Brig. Gen. W. Jackson, Brig. Gen. A. But'ui-.l, Brig. Gen. J. 11. Clialmers, Forrest's Cavalry
Corps.

Bv noon of Decemher 1st, General Tiiomas had liis troops in line of liattle in front of Nashville,
witli General Smith on the right, Genend "Wood in the centre, and General Sehotield on the lett ; the
cavalry, under General Wilson, on Schotield's left. General Steedman with a coinnumd of .5,000 men,
composed of detachments, and a colored brigade, arrived at Nashville from Chattanooga. The cavalry
W!is then posted on the north side of the river at Edgetield, and Steedman's troops occupied the spac-e
vacated by its withdrawal. On the juorning of the 4th, the enemy had formed his line with his salient
on the summit of " Montgomery Hill," within six hundred yards of Thoma.s's centre, his main line
occupying the high ground on the southciusterly side of Brown's Creek, with his right resting on the
Nolensville Pike, his left behind Richland Creek, resting on the Ilillsboro Pike, with cavalry on both
flanks extending to the river.

The blockdiouse at the railroad crossing of Overall's Creek, five miles north of Murfreesboro, was
attacked on tlie 4th by Bate's rebel division. General Milroy coming up wth troops from Murfrees-
boro, drove the enemy off. During the 5th, Cth, and 7th, the enemy, with two divisions of infantry
and 2,500 cavalry, demonstrated heavily against Fortress Rosecrans, at Murtreesboro, garrisoned by
8,000 men under General Rosseau. On the 8th, General Milroy went out and assailing the enemy
routed him with loss. The enemy's cavalry then movetl off to Lebanon, threatening to cross the Cum-
berland River and interrupt General Thomas's communications with Louisville ; the gun boats patrolling
the river, and a cavalry force sent to Gallatin by General Wilson, thwarted the design of the enemy.

Hood's position aromid Nashville remained without nuvterial change from the 3d to the 15th.
Meuiiwhile (tcneral Thomas was preparing to takQ the offensive.

• Wcmi.l.d.
t Kill.-(1.



TIIH ARMY OF THE CUMBERLAND 37

During these operations in Middle Tennessee, the enemy, under Breckinridge, Duke, and Vaughn,
was operating in the eastern portion of the State against Generals Gillcni and Annnen. On the night
of November 13tli, Breckiin-idge, with about 3,000 men, attacked and routed General Gillem near
Morristown, and drove him back to Kno.wdlle. General Stoneman was then ordered to Kuoxville to
take charge of affairs in that section ; he was directed to concentrate all tlie troops which General Bur-
bridge coidd bring from Kentucky, with General Gillem's command, at some point in East Tennessee,
move against Breckinridge and either destroy his force, or drive it from the State ; and then destroy the
Tennessee and Virginia liailroad as far as he could penetrate into Virginia safely with his command;
and, if possible, to destroy the Salt Works at Saltville.

BATTLE OF NASHVILLE.

On the morning of Dec. 15tli, General Thomas ordered an attack upon the enemy's position.
General Steedman demonstrated heavily on the enemy's right. Wilson's cavalry made a wide " detour"
to attain the enemy's left and rear. General A. J. Smith advanced en echelon and struck the rebel left
in conjunction ^\^th the cavalry movement. General Johnson's cavahy division pressed back the rebel
cavalry on the extreme right. General Wood, connecting on his right with General Smith, carried
" Montgomery Hill" by assault. General Schotield, in reserve, moved rapidly to the right of General
Smith, enabhng the cavalry to operate more freely on the enemy's rear. The whole hne moved for-
ward ; General Wood forcing the enemy from his intrenched position, while Generals Smith and Scho-
field, and the dismounted cavalry pressed back the rebel left some miles into the hills. Darkness closed
the conflict, wliich resulted in the capture of 1,200 prisoners and IG guns, and in forcing the enemy's
strong defensive line from left to right.

After nightfall. General Thomas readjusted his line, running parallel to and east of the Ilillsboro
Pike, Schofield on the right, Smith in the centre, Wood on the left, the cavalry on the right of Schotield,
Steedman holdiag the position he had gained early in the morning. At six o'clock a. m., on the morn-
ing of the 16th, General Wood pushed the enemy's advance hne back across the Frankhn Pike into his
intrenchments on the " Overton Hills." General Smith, connecting with Wood and Schofield, pressed
the enemy very closely. The first attack on the " Overton Hills" was forced back. General Wilson's
cavahy then made a " detour" to the Granny-wliite Pike, and attacked the enemy's left and rear vigor-
onslv. Generals Smith and Schofield carried the rebel works in their respective fronts, and the whole
line advanced, assaidting the enemy's intrenchments and routing him at all points, with a loss of 3,262
prisoners and 37 guns.

Commanding United States Forces — Maj. Gen. Georc;e H. Thomas.

Commanding Corj^s.—Bvv^. Gen. T. J.Wood, 4th Corps; Maj. Gen. J. M. Schofield, 23d Corps;
Commanding Detachment of the Army of the Tennessee, Maj. Gen. A. J. Smith; Commanding Pro-
visional Detachment, Maj. Gen. J. B. Steedman; B'vt Maj. Gen. J. H. Wilson, Cavalry Corps.

Commanding 1st I)ivisio7is.— Brig. Gen. N. Kimball, ith Corps; Detachment of the Army
of the Tennessee, Brig. Gen. McArthur; Provisional Division, Brig Gen. C. Cruft ; Brig. Gen. J. T.
Croxton, one brigade of Cavalry.

Commandiiig 'Id Divisions.— Brig. Gen. W. L. Elliott, 4th Corps; Maj. Gen. D. M. Conch, 23d
Corps; Detachment of the Army of the Tennessee, Brig. Gen. K. Garrard; Brig. Gen. J. F. Miller,
Garrison of Nashville.

Cotnmanding 3d Divisions.— Brier. Gen. S. Beatty, -Ith Corps; Brig. Gen. J. I^. Cox, 23d Corps;
Detachment of the Army of the Teimessee, Colonel J. B. ]\[oore ; Quartermasters Div., Brig. Gen. J,
L.Donaldson; Colonel Thompson, Colored Brigade; Brig. Gen. Ew'd Hatch, Cavalry Corps; Brig.
Gen. R. W. Johnson, Cavalry Corps; Brig. Gen. J. T. Knipc, Cavalry Corps.



38 LlCfiEXDS OK THE OPKIiATIONS OK

Commanding liehel Annij — CTL-iieral Jiio. 15. IIood. •

Commanding Corps. — Miij. (ieii. \^. V. Clieatliain; Lieut. Goii. A. I'. Sttwart ; Litiit. (tcii. S. D.
I.OC-; Maj. Gen. N..B. Forrest, Cavalry Corps.

Cinninandintj JJiviidons. — Colcjncl C. S. llurt,* Brij^. (tpii. J. A. Smitli.t Maj. (ieii. AV. I!.
Bate, Clieatliain'rt Corps ; Gen. W. Jackson, Cavalry Corps. Maj. Gen. W. W. Lorin;;, Maj. Gen.
S. G Freniii, Maj. Gen. E. C. Walthall, Stewart's Curjis ; I'rij^. Gen. A. Buf'ord, Cavalry Corps.
Maj. Gen. C. L. Stevenson, Maj. Gen. E. Johnson, JIaj. (ien. Claytun, Lee's Corps ; Brig. (Ten. J.
II. Chalmers, Cavalry Coq)s.

General Thomas continued the pursuit of the enemy early on the 17th. Wood piished on toward
Franklin by the direct pike, while the cavalry moved by the Granny-white Pike to its intersection with
the Franklin Bike, and then ti)ok tlie advance. Johnson's division of cavalry moved on the Ilillsboro
Pike to the Uarpetii River, with directions to cross and move rapidly towards Franklin. The main
cavalry colunm struck the enemy's rear guard, strongly posted at Hollosv Tree Gap, four miles north of
Franklin, the position was charged in front and flank sinndtaneously ; the enemy was routed with a
loss of 41.'} in prisoners. lie then fell back rapidly to Franklin, and endeavored to defend the crossing of
tiie Ilarpeth. Johnson coming uj) on the south side, forced him from the river bank, and the cavalry


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