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10. That coordinate with the work of the Government in providing the best facili-
ties for the intellectual and moral training of the«Indian must be that of the preacher
and teacher of religion. We therefore urge all Christian people to vigorously reen-
force the work carried on by their missionary societies during this brief transition
period until the Indian shall be redeemed from paganism and incorporated into our
Christian life as well as into our national citizenship.



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RBPOKT OP THE BOARD OP INDIAN COMMSSIONERS. 93

The following resolution was tlien presented by Dr. B. S. MaoArthur with a brief
address:

'^ Betolved, That the hearty thanks of this Fonrteenth Indian Conference be extended
to Mr. and Mrs. Albert K. Smiley for their aboonding, considerate, and delicate hospi-
tality. Our honored host and hostess have given year after year rare profit and
pleasure to large numbers of consecrated toilers in remote missionary fields, and to
many earnest workers in various forms of humanitarian and Christian endeavor. We
hope that soon a just solution may be found for the Indian problem, but frankness
compels us to say that we can not without sincere solicitude contemplate the dissolu-
tion of this delightful conference. From this hotel home have ffone out influences in
connection with this conference, and more recentlv from the arbitration conference,
which are girdling the globe, and which are already a great blessing to America, ana
are fast becoming a benediction to the nations beyond the sea.''

The resolution was seconded by Dr. Bruce, and unanimously adopted.

Mr. Smiley thanked the speakers cordially, though he said he had repeatedly tried
to get the executive committee to drop that feature of the conference. He believed
that great progress was being made in Indian affairs, but that the Christian people
of the United States must not let go. "As soon as you get the Indian to become a
Christian you have settled the whole question in regard to his industry and his
morality/' said Mr. Smiley, " and I do not believe it can be settled in any other way."

Mr. Garrett closed with a few words of congratulation on the work that has been
accomplished, and, after the singing of a hymn, '' God be with us till we meet
again,'' the conference adjourned at 11 p. m.

LIST OF MEMBERS.

Atbnckle, Mr. Johnj»315 Clinton avenue, Brooklyn, N. T.

Austin, Mrs. L. C, o91 Prospect street, Cleveland, Ohio.

Avery, Miss Myra H., Poughkeepsie, N. Y.

Anderson, Rev. Dr. and Mrs. Jos., Congregational Church, Waterbury, Conn.

Barrows, Mrs. I. C, Christian Register, Boston, Mass.

Bergen, Mr. and Mrs. Tunis G., 127 Pierrepont street, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Bruce, Rev. and Mrs. James M., associate pastor Memorial Baptist Church, Yonkers,

Cuyler, Rev. Dr. Theodore L., Brooklyn, N. Y.

Oapen, Dr. and Mrs. F. S., principal Normal School, New Paltz, N. Y.

Ooit, Rev. Joshua, secretary Massachusetts Home Missionary Society, Winchester,
Mass.

Orannell, Mrs. W. W., president Albany Indian Association, Albany, N. Y.

Collins, Dr. Mary C, missionary Grand River, Fort Yates, N. Dak.

Cree^pan, Rev. C. C, district secretary American Board Commissioners Foreign Mis-
sions, New York.

Cimiing. The Misses, 28 West Twelfth street. New York.

Davis, Mr. and Mrs. J. W., vice-president Boston Indian Citizenship Committee,
Boston, Maes.

Dreher, Dr. Julius D., president Roanoke College, Salem, Ya.

Dawes, Hon. and Mrs. Henrv L., Pittsfield, Mass.

Dawes, Miss Anna L., Pittsfield, Mass.

Dunning, Rev. and Mrs. A. £., The Congregationalist, Boston, Mass.

Duryea, Mrs. Samuel Bowne, Remsen street, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Dwlght, Miss, Stockbridge, Mass.

Eaton, Gen. John, ex-Commissioner Education, Washington, D. C.

Eldridffe^ Mrs. Mary L., Government field matron Navajo Indians, Jewett, N. Mex.

Ferris, Mr. Robert M. and Miss, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. *

Ferris, Rev. Dr. and Mrs. J. M., Christian Intelligencer, Flatbush, Long Island

Fisher, Rev. Dr. and Mrs. Samuel J., Swissvale, Pa.

Frye, Mrs. M. £., president Maine Indian Association, Woodfords, Me.

Fountain, Mr. and Mrs. Gideon, 34 East Sixty-fourth street, New York.

Field, Mr. Franklin, Troy, N. Y.

Frissell, Rev. Dr. H. B., principal Hampton Normal Institute, Hampton, Ya.

Foster, Rev. Addison P., eastern editor the Advance, Boston, Mass.

Fisk, Mrs. Clinton B., president Woman's Home Missionary Society Methodist Epis-
copal Church, N. Y.

Fiske,Mrs. James. Cambridge, Mass.

Oarrett, Hon. Philip C, Board United States Indian Commissioners, Philadelphia, Pa.

Gilbert, Ri^ht Rev. M. N., St. Paul, Minn.

Gates, President M. E., Amherst College and president Board Indian Commissioners,
Amherst, Mass.

Gilmore, Prof. J. H., University of Rochester, Rochester, N. Y.

Oalpin, Mr. and Mrs. S. A., secretary Indian Rights Association, New Haven, Conn.



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94 REPORT OP THE BOARD OP INDIAN COMMISSIONERS.

Hatfield, The Misses, 149 West Thirty-fourth street, New York.

Hine, Hon. and Mrs. C. C, president Women's Indian Association, Newark, N. J.

Horr, Rev. Dr. Elijah, Worcester, Mass.

Huntington, Right Rev. and Mrs. F. D., Syracuse, N. Y.

Hallock, Rev. and Mrs. J. N., editor Christian Work, New York.

Hall, Mrs. Hector, Troy, N. Y.

Hopkins, Dr. Henry.

Hardy, Mr. Alfred, Indian Rights Association, Farmington, Conn.

Harkness, Mr. and Mrs. William, The Margaret, Columbia Heights, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Howry, Hon. Charles B., Assistant Attorney- General^ Washin^on, D. C.

Jenkins, Mr. and Mrs. Charles F., member of executive committee of Indian Rights
Association, 1224 Race street, Philadelphia, Pa.

Jenkins, H. N., editor Friend's Intelligencer and Journal, 921 Arch street, Phila-
delphia, Pa.

James, Hon. Darwin R., Board United States Indian Commissioners, 226 Gates avenue,
Brooklyn, N. Y.

Ives, Miss Marie E., New Haven Indian Association, New Haven, Conn.

King, Rev. Dr. aud Mrs. James M., general secretary National League for Protection
of American Industries, 1 Madison avenue. New York.

Kendrick, Mrs. Georgia M., principal Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y.

Kinney, Mrs. Sarah T., president Connecticut Indian Association, 1162 Chapel street.
New Haven, Conn.

Leupp, Mr. and Mrs. F. E., agent Indian Rights Association, Washington, D. C.

Lippincott, Rev. Dr. and Mrs. J. A., 110 North Seventeenth street, Philadelphia, Pa.

Lukens, Mr. and Mrs. Charles M., East Walnut lane, Germantown, Pa.

Lyon, Hon. William H., Board Indian Commissioners, 170 New York avenue, Brook-
lyn, N. Y.

McElroy, Mr. and Mrs. John E., State street, Albany, N. Y.

Mac Arthur, Rev. Dr. and Mrs., Calvary Baptist Church, 358 West Fifty-seventh
street, New York.

Meserve, Dr. Charles F., president Shaw University, Raleigh, N. C.

Moss, Rev. Lemuel, president American Baptist Historical Society, 3014 Berks street,
Philadelphia, Pa.

Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin H., inspector Indian Department, Ashton, Md.

Milne, Mrs. William J., Albany, N. Y.

McKee, Mr. and Mrs. R. W., 695 Willoughby avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Mead, Mr. Charles L., chairman executive committee American Missionary Associa-
tion, 29 Chambers street, New York.

Pratt, Capt. and Mrs. R. H., Carlisle Indian School, Carlisle, Pa.

Plimpton, Mr. and Mrs. G A., 70 Fifth avenue. New York.

Pierce, Mrs. Moses, Norwich, Conn.

Quiuton, Mrs. A. S., president Woman's National Indian Association, 1414 Arch
street, Philadelphia, Pa.

Ryder, Rev. Dr. C. J., corresponding secretary American Missionary Association,
Bible House, New York.

Roy, Rev. J. E., secretary American Missionary Association, western district, 151
Washington street, Chicago, 111.

Robinson, Maj. H. M., associate editor New York Observer, New York.

Rudd, Rev. Edward H., Albion, N. Y.

Ridley, Mrs. Edward, Hotel Endicott, New York,

Smiley, Mr. Alfred H., Minnewaska, N. Y.

Smiley, Miss Sarah P., New York.

Seelye, Dr. and Mrs. L. Clark, president Smith College, Northampton, Mass..

Strieby, Rev. Dr. M. E., corresppnding secretary American Missionary Association,
Bible House, New York.

Stimson, Rev. Dr. and Mrs. H. A., Broadway liabernacle, New York.

Sparhawk, Miss F. C, secretary Indian Industries League, Newton Center, Mass.

Smith, Rev. Dr. and Mrs. George W., Trinity College, Hartford, Conn.

Smith, Miss Helen Shelton, 17 West Seventeenth street. New York.

Shelton, Rev. and Mrs. C. W., eastern field secretary Congregational Home Mission-
ary Society, Derby, Conn.

Strong, Dr. James W., president Carleton College, Northfield, Minn.

Shaw, Rev. L)r. John B., West End Presbyterian Church, New York.

Scoville, Miss Anna B., Hampton Normal Institute, Hampton, Ya.

Schieffelin, Mr. William Jay, 35 West Fifty-seventh street. New York.

Salisbury, Miss, Minnesota.

Talc ott, Mr. and Mrs. James M., 7 West Fifty-seventh street. New York.

Taylor, Dr. and Mrs. J. M., president Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y.

Thompson, Rev. Dr. and Mrs. C. L., Madison Avenue Presbyterian Church, New York*

TumeTi Rev. H. B., chaplain Hampton Institute, Hampton; Ya. ,



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REPORT OP THE BOARD OF INDIAN COMMISSIONERS. 95

Tillincliast, Mrs. I. N., Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y.

Van Slyke, Rev. Dr. and Mrs. J. G., First Reformed Chnrch, Kingston, N. Y.

Van Norden, Mr. Warner, president National Bank of North America, New York.

Wood, Mr. and Mrs. Frank, Boston Indian Citizenship Committee, Boston, Mass.

Wynkoop, Mr. Francis and Miss, 159 West Twenty-first street, New York.

Wood, Mr. and Mrs. James, Monnt Eisco, N. Y.

Wood, Mr. and Mrs. Henry, Monnt Eisco, N. Y.

Whittlesey, Gen. and Mrs. £., secretary Board Indian Commissioners, Washington,.

D.C.
Ward, Rev. Dr. William H., editor Independent, New York.
Wortman, Rev. Dr. and Mrs. Denis, Reformed Chnrch, Sangerties, N. Y.
Welsh, Mr. Herhert, corresponding secretary Indian Rights Association, 1305 Arch

street, Philadelphia, Pa.
Williams, Mr. and Mrs. John J., 401 Clinton avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Whipple, Right Rev. H. B., Board United States Indian Commissioners, Farihaolt,.

Minn.
Winslow, Miss F. E., assistant editor The Chorchmar New York.
Young, Rev. Egerton R., Toronto, Canada.



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JOUENAL OF THE TWENTY-EIGHTH ANNUAL MEETING OF BOARD OF
INDIAN COMMISSIONEES AND THE SECRETAfilES OF THE EELIG-
lOUS MISSIONARY SOCIETIES.



The twenty-eighth annnal meeting of the Board of Indian Commissioners and the
secretaries of the religious missionary societies was called to order at 10 a. m. Jan-
uary 20, 1897, by Mr. Darwin E. James.

Mr. James, we had onr twenty-eight years of history reviewed yesterday by our
beloved secretary, for so long a time nas elapsed since General Grant laid out this
scheme of work. It was laid out on a broader basis than is carried out to-day, our
duties havinj^ been circumscribed through legislation, but I believe it is still a nec-
essary organization, and one which perhaps should be continued as not having out-
grown its usefulness. As General Whittlesev said in his report, General Grant,
twenty-eight years ago, thought that by the close of this century the work could be
done and the Indian question could be settled. But it is not yet settled, and ou^
board, although perhaps it has an insignificant part in this work, sees that there i
very much lento be done in man^ directions.

This annual conference is the time when we call here the different secretaries o.
the religious bodies, that we may hear what is being done by them. The work ol
the missionary goes to the bottom. The Government is doing a magnificent work,
improving from year to year under our present Commissioner. There was improve-
ment under his predecessor, but it has never been so ra^id as now. This is largely
due, also, to the reli^ous organizations, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, the
Secretary of the Interior, and those who work with them in their line for the educa-
tion and betterment of the Indian, as our religious denominations are working for
his spiritual and religious betterment. It is for this reason that my heart is deeply
interested in the spiritual care of the red man. We shall listen to the reports from
the various societies, and I will first ask Dr. Fisher to open with prayer.

After prayer by Dr. Fisher, it was voted that the chair should appoint a business
committee of five, and the following persons were named : Mr. Charles F. Meserve,
Mrs. A. S. Quinton, Dr. Sheldon Jackson, Mr. ,£. M. Wistar, and Mrs. Clinton B.
Fisk.

The first report was made by Dr. C. J. Ryder, of the American Missionary Associ-
ation.

THE WOBK OF THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION AMONG THE

INDIANS.

[Ber. C. J. Byder, D. D., oorresponding secretary.]

OBOORAPHICALLT.

The field occupied by the Indian missions of the American Missionary Association
Tepresents six States and Territories. The statistics oflbhe work have not materially
cminged since the report was presented to this Commission last year. They are
presented in the following table :

Churches 15

Membership of churches , 929

Missionaries and teachers * 82

Schools 21

Pupils , 520

Missionary outstations 26

Cape Prince of Wales, Alaska, missionaries 2

96



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.BBP(»T OP THE BOARD OF INDIAN COMMISSIONERS. df

CHURCHES AND OUTSTATIONS.

In the nnmber of clinrches and in the membership of the churches there has been
a reasonable growth. Missionary outstations have also increased in nnmber and
efficiency. These outstations are occupied by Christian Indians, a man and his wife^
and are object lessons to the Indians in the surrounding tribes. Some of these youn^
men and women who have given themselves to this life have entered it at a great
personal sacrifice. There is a quality of Christian heroism developed on the part of
these Indian missionaries which has often been a surprise to me. In one case a young
man felt called to enter the mission service of the American Missionary Association
for his own people and occupy one of these outstations. His wife, a graduate of
Santee Normal Training School and a splendid young woman, was reluctant to go.
They made it a subject of special prayer at the altar of their little home. Finaflyy
with tears and deep conviction, sne agreed that it was their duty, and they went
together and the success of their work has proved that the appointment was accord-
ing to the Spirit.

Last year when I visited South Dakota fifteen of these Indian missionaries from
outstations met me. They were as fine a body of men physically as I have ever met.
The missionaries, who testified of their character, bore witness that they were of
strong intellectual power and deep spiritual earnestness.

The work of these native missionaries presents the most hopeful sign of the Indiaxk
work, and furnishes a most potent factor for the solution of the Indian problem.

A new Congregational meetinghouse was dedicated at one of these outstations a^
Blue Clouds village and a church organized on the Moreau River. The latter mis-
sion is supported entirely by the Native Indian Missionarv Society, and does not
come upon the treasury of any society of the Eastern churches.

The spirit of benevolence is also rapidly developing among the Indians. A con-
tribution from the Native Indian M issionary Society came to the treasury of the
American Missionary Association in answer to the appeals for the jubilee share fund.
This amount, contributed entirely by the Indians, amounted to $300. The natural,
large-hearted generosity of the Indians is thus being directed in the channel of
Christian benQvoieuce.

HOSPITAL.

The Fort Yates Hospital, to which special attention has been called in former
reports, has been open during the year. An effort has been made to gather from the
physician in charge facts which will be of scientific importance along lines of inves-
tigation which have been somewhat neglected. The patients who are treated by the
physician at this hospital are largely women and children. The following tablo
shows their numbers for eleven months :

Nnmber of inside patients 27

Number of outside patients 731

Total number of patients IBS

These were as follows :

Children / 296

Adults 46^

Reports which are sent fh>m the physician at this hospital each month to the
office of the American Missionary Association contain answers to questions concern-
ing the character of the diseases to which the Indians are especially subject. In
generalizing, our x>hysician, under date of October 9, 1896, says:

*'I am trying to find out about the population of the Indians on this reservation.
I think they are decreasing. * » * There were ten more deaths than births the
past year. I have talked with Dr. Ross and several of the field matrons in regard
to the increase or decrease of tuberculosis. Dr. Ross says he can not tell anythinjf
about it, as so many persons die who do not have medical treatment and their case
is not diagnosed. The field matrons think the disease is decreasing, being due to
proper care and food."

This is only the testimony of a single physician, but is the result of careful inves-
tigation. May I suggest that other benevolent societies having hospitals among the
Indians adopt somewhat the same system introduced this year by the American
Missionary Association, so that by the collation and comparison of the facts ques-'
tlons of mach importance may be definitely and positiYely settled?

SCHOOLS.

Santee Normal Training School at Santee Agency, Nebr., is the center of th^
Indian work of the American Missionary Association. The students in this institu-J

14009 I



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98 BEPORT OP THE BOARD OP INDIAN COMMISSIONERg.

tion have been of very superior quality during the past year. Through the curtail-
ment of appropriations only a part of those who desired to enter this institution
90uld be accommodated. This gives Dr. A. L. Riggs, who is the principal of the
school, and his associate teachers the opportunity of selecting the best. The proii:-
less of the work of Christian civilization among the Indians as a whole is nowhere
xuore evident than at this school. It is not simply that individual pupils develop
more rapidly along intellectual lines^ and grasp Christian truth more readily^ but the
body of pupils as a whole is greatly improved. The influence of such an institution
as tnis is not measured by its effect upon the pupils alone. It reaches out and is
felt among the parents and members of the various Indian families that do not
attend the school.

Oahe School, South Dakota, and Fort Berthold Home School, North Dakota, have
both of them had the full quota of pupils allowed on the restricted appropriations
and have carried on a useful work. *In all these American Missionary Association
institutions industrial training has been an important factor. Considerable numbers
of young men trained in different trades find work at Government stations or among
white settlers near by.

At Santee the principal and teachers are especially alert in seeking such places for
their graduates. ''A home planting department'^ of correspondence has been more
or less vigorously carried on. The plan is to secure places among farmers, printers,
and other trades in neig^hboring cities and villages. There are no remarkable facts
to report in this line of effort, but doubtless the future will bring larger results.
The Western people understand the Indians. The expenses of transportation are
much less and the conditions of life and industry, especially in farming, are much
inore familiar to the Indians in the West than in the East. We are hoping that
little by little this department of correspondence at Santee may develop and be of
much use.

The educational missionary work of Prof. Frederick B. Riggs, who, with stereop^
ticon and simple physical apparatus, covers the prairie with his work, has been car-
ried on during the year with great satisfaction. No one who has not witnessed the
intense interest of the Indians in the pictures thrown upon the canvas, and in simple
physical experiments as given in their own scattered villages, can appreciate the sig-
nificance of this unique and remarkable work.

At the jubilee meeting of the American Missionary Association in Boston, in Octo-
ber, a portion of the large industrial exhibit was given to the Indian schools. Many
remarked upon the varied character of the products of these industrial departments
and the excellent workmanship displayed. The Indian, as a rule, surpasses any of
the other depressed races in America in printing. At Santee, from which the best
samples of printing came, a large job work is done for the white people in the sur-
rounding communities,' which helps support the school.

- ALASKA.

The mission in Cape Prince of Wales, Alaska, temporarily closed last year, has
been reopened, and Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Lopp have entered upon the work there.
From recent letters received we learn that the natives welcomed them back and that
the work opens with great promise. The reindeer herd has been sustained during
the absenee of theteachers through the cordial assistance of the Government. They
are proving- among the Eskimo all that Dr. Sheldon Jackson prophesied for them
"W^hen he concelvea the very wise plan of their introduction.

SOCIETY OF FRIENDS.
[By Jo£^eph J. Janney.]

From New York I have the statement that two members of their committee of
Indian affairs visited several of the schools in the West during the past year— the
Ramona school at Santa Fe, N. Mex., the Government school at Perris, Cal., and
the Catholic Mission school at San Diego. The visitors thought the school at Perris
to be well equipped both in buildings and supplies, teachers and care takers, but in
the school at San Diego they saw '* nothing to commend but much to deplore.*'

New York meeting reports no other active work, but I can say, on my own responsi-
bility, that New York Friends have ever stood ready with their money and their
personal influence to assist in any measure looking to the protection of the rights of
the Indians.

From the reports of the committee on Indian affairs of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting,
made at the last two sessions, I gather that considerable interest is manifested in the
subject by those attending the meetings of the committee, but that little active
^ork has been undertaken.

The committee of Baltimore Yearly Meeting, on aoooont of its proximity to the



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.REPORT OF THE BOARD OF INDIAN COMMISSIONERS. 99

papital, and also, it may be justly claimed, from a real interest in the sabject, has
been able to maintain a measurable degree of activity in some branches of Indian,
work, and to keep in close touch with the authorities in the Indian Department of
the Government.

The weakening of the prohibitory liquor law by contradictory decisions in the
oonrts of Nebraska and South Dakota has opened a wide door for the entrance of
unlimited evil to the Indians.

The Baltimore committee has maintained an active Interest in that branch of
education known as field-matron work, and has continued an official patronage
4>f several agencies where it is in operation, and where moral and material support
}iave been furnished at intervals since the inauguration of the system. The income
from the Indian fund held in trust by Baltimore Yearly Meeting is used for this pur-»
pose, and it has also been drawn upon frequently during the last two years for
various purposes in connection with Indian work.

In the way of general remarks, it may be stated that although the avenues of
usefulness formerly open to Friends are mostly closed or occupied more fittingly by
others, there is still enough promise of good results from wise efforts in behalf of the
Indians to justify our continuance in the field. It is a satisfaction to know that we
|iave not impaired our standing before any Department of the Government as unselfish
and consistent friends of the red man.

REPORT OF THE SOCIETY OF ORTHODOX FRIENDS.

[ByB.M.Wi8tar.]

The associated executive committee of Friends on Indian affairs is now in its
twenty-eigb th year, and is continuing its efforts through its workers in Oklahoma and
Indiau Territories.

There are at present nine mission stations which are under our care and support
and which report monthly to our subcommittee on religious interests and education.

Statistical statements, with collateral and incidental information, are sent at the
close of each month to our superintendents, George N. and L. EllaHartlev, at Tecum-
seb, Okla. These are received and, together with their annotations, are forwarded to


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