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Colorado. — Land classification and farm unit maps have been completed of the Uncom-
pahgre project. First-class fruit land has been subdivided into 40-fiMire farms, and other land
suitable for growing grain, sugar beets, and alfalfa has been divided into 8D-acre farms.

Idaho. — Farm unit maps have been completed of the Minidoka project. A study has been
made of the soil conditions to determine the necessity for drainage. The freedom of these
lands from alkali and the porous subsoil insure the soil from damage from seepage water and
alkali if proper amotmts of water are used in irrigation. The necessity for drainage exists
only on very limited parts of the project.

MonJUma, — ^Farm unit maps have been prepared of the Huntley project. Soil classifica-
tion indicates the necessity of draining parts of the project to insure damage from rise of
water and alkali.

Nebraska. — Land classification will be completed of the interstate canal during November,
1905. Farm unit maps will then be prepared . Farms wiU contain on the average 80 acres
of irrigable land. A reconnaissance has been made of the agricultural possibilities of the
Qoshen Hole subproject, indicating the general excellence of the soils.

New Mexico. — During the spring of 1905 a preliminary classification was made of the soils
of the Carlsbad project. Gypsum soils were considered unsafe for irrigation and were
classed as third-class land. Areas of first and second class land sufficient in size to use all
available water were outlined.

Nevada. — Portions of 10 townships have been classified and farm unit maps are being
prepared.

North Dakota. — ^Lands have been classified in detail and drainage plans outlined for the
Lower Yellowstone project. Farm unit maps will be completed in November, 1905. The
most desirable size for farms on this project will be 80 acres.

Ore^on.^Farm unit maps have been filed of the Malheur project.

South Ddtoto.— Land classification has been completed and farm unit maps are being pre-
pared of the Belle Fourche project. The size farm selected is 80 acres irrigable land.

Washington. — Preliminary classification has been made of the soils of the PsJouse project.

Wyoming. — ^Land classification of 50,000 acres imder the Shoshone project will be com-
pleted in October, 1905. Farm unit maps, with 80-acre farms, will then be prepared.

Work is now being planned to complete farm unit maps on all projects under construction
as fast as land will be opened for settlement.

356



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CEMENT TESTS.

KXPEBIMXNTAL WORK.

The cement-testing laboratory at the Denver office was established early in January,
1905, but before that time— from July 30, 1904, to November 30, 1905— work had been
done at the laboratory of the Denver Union Water Company, and at the laboratory of
the Portland Cement Company, Portland, Colo., and the results of the tests thus made
are given in the accompanying table. The tests have included about 26,000 barrels,
embracing five brands of Portland cement, intended for use on six different projects.

The companies manufacturing these five brands of cement are the lola Portland Cement
Company, lola, Kans. (lola brand) ; Illinois Steel Company, Chicago, 111. (Universal brand) ;
Portland Cement Company, Portland, Colo. (Ideal brand) ; Portland Cement Company of
Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah (Red Diamond brand); Western Portland Cement Com-
pany, Yankton, S. Dak. (Yankton brand). The works of each of these companies have
been visited either for inspecting the plant or for conducting tests, or both, and samples
have been collected from each plant, representing the raw materials used and the state
of the materials during the several stages of manufacture until the finished product is
obtained. These samples are now retained at this laboratory. Reports have been made
regarding each of these plants as to capacity, equipment, methods of manufacture, etc.

In addition to these regular tests of cement for construction work, occasional sets of
long-time tests have been made of each brand, covering periods of 3 and 6 months, 1, 2, 3, 5,
7i, and 10 years, in addition to the 7 and 28 day periods of the regular tests, each set con-
sisting of 5 neat and 5 sand briquettes for each period. The results of these long-time tests
are included in the table.

Other experimental work has consisted of sand tests, sand-cement tests, and tests for
permeability. These tests have not been tabulated for presentation here, but the general
results obtained will be briefly stated. Sand tests have been made for the Engle (Elephant-
Butte dam), Hondo, Minidoka, North Platte (Pathfinder dam), and Uncompahgre Valley
projects* samples of the material available for use as sand on those projects having been
sent to the laboratory for tests to determine which materials among those available would
be the best for use on construction work. The materials sent in consisted of natural sand
and of stone from which artificial sand was made by crushing and grinding it to about the
fineness of the screenings from a stone crusher in actual use, it being assimied that in some
cases such screenings may be used as sand in making mortar or concrete. The main tests
have been those for tensile strength, a number of sets of long-time tests having been made
of the various materials as weU as more numerous seta for short periods. In addition to
the tests of tensile strength, mechanical analyses have been made on a set of sieves ranging
from No. 10 to No. 200, showing the granulometric composition of each sample. Tests
have also been made for per cent of voids, and the specific gravity of each sample of stone
has been determined. In general, it may be stated that the coarse sands give a higher tensile
strength than the finer grades, especially for the shorter periods, but that the finer sands gain
somewhat faster than the coarser in the tests for longer periods. The artificial sands made
from the samples of stone submitted include limestone, trap rock, granite, and sandstone,
the results for tensile strength showing values in the order named, those for limestone in
particular being remarkably high and those for granite being about the same as would
be obtained for a good grade of natural sand.

367



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358 FOUBTH ANNUAX. REPORT OF RECLAMATION SERVICE.

The use of sand cement has been under consideration for some projects where there
would be a long haul for cement from the railroad station to the site of the work, and where
sand cement could be made by putting up machinery for grinding sand and ceoMot together,
and an extensive series of tests was therefore made to see how such matoW tXHspares in
strength with ordinary cement, the claim being made by the proprietors of the process
that cement and sand mixed in equal proportions and ground approximately to such
fineness as to pass a No. 200 sieve will, when used as a cement, give practically the same
tensile strength on sand tests as th« cement from which it is made. Ei^teen full sets of
long-time tests have been made of this material, several different grades of sand having
been used in making the sand cement and this being tested both with standard testing
sand and with various grades of natural sand. Tlie results of the tests so far show an
average decrease of about 20 per cent for the sand cement from corresponding tests of the
cement from which it was made.

For making tests of the permeability of cement mortar under water pressure, apparatus
has been employed similar to that used for an extensive series of like tests made in con-
nection with the construction of the Wachusett dam of the Metropolitan Water Works of
Massachusetts, at Clinton, Mass., in 1901-1904. The experiments made here thus far have
included tests of materials from the site of the Pathfinder dam, of sand cement, and of
artificial sand made from limestone similar to that used for tests of tensile strength. The
results for mortar made with sand cement show that material to be somewhat more pe>
meable than ordinary mortar, but do not indicate a very marked difference in permeability,
while the result thus far obtained for limestone sand show that it is superior to ordinary
sand. Tliis result, together with the high tensile strength indicated, would seem to show
that limestone sand is a valuable material for use in cement mortar or concrete. Periiaps
it should be noted in this connection, however, that all the limestones tested here were
comfMiratively hard and no doubt gave better results than could be obtained with softer
limestones.



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CEMENT TESTS. 369

Cement tests made at Denver laboratory , J\dy SO, 1904, U> November 1, 1905.





Num-
ber of
bar-
reU.


Project.


Compo-
sition
of bri-
quettes.


Fineness.


Setting time.








ii


Initial.


Final.




Brand.


e


1


1


1


!

1


Ideal


0,212
024
8,ftliO
6,000
1,000


rSalt River and Path-
t finder.

Pathfln'i'^r.


JNeat....
3tol


04.0


71.6


2


42


6


20


8.Qg






lola.


(Neat....
3tol


04.0


74.1


4


40





33


3.16




Minidoka




Red Diamond..


(Neat....
3tol


06.3


71.4


2


55


6


24


3.14




r Lower Yellowstoae
\ and Huntley.

BeUe Fourche




Universal


Neat. . . .
3 to 1


07.7


75.1


3


15


7


15


8.20


Yankton.


Neat....
3tol


dt.5


65.3


3




8


30


3.20










Neat....
3tol
















Total


25,786


06.1


72.2


2


50


6


40


3.16




























Compo-
sition
of bri-
quettes.










Tensile strength.












Iday.


7 days.


28 days.


3 months.


6 months.


lyear.


Brand.




f

&
408


o 8

1




•s:

1


1

O


i

15
15


If


i

ll
i


1


i

ll
i


s

1


Ideal


JNeat....
3tol....


10


614
614


653
265


604
604


722
343


724
434


15
15


008
450


5
5


657




472


lola


(Neat....
(Stol


10


200


03
03
706
706
300
300
65
55


n8

307
606
205
562
252
551
253


65
65
660
660
220
220
55
55


760
426
668
385
727
386
660
364


20
20
20
20


815
457
670
428


10
10
15
15


730
407
634
445


10
10
5
5


773




475


Red Diamond..


fNeat....

latoi....


20


335


756
501




JNeat....
3tol


5


352




UniversaL
















JJeat....
3tol


28


304


5
5


720
438










Yankton.












JNeat....




















1,768


620


1,613


609


60


730


40


682


?0


740


Total....


iatoi....


73


328


1,768


277


1,613


371


60


440


40


460


20


481



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360



FOUBTH ANNUAL BEPOBT OF BECLAMATION SEBVIGE.



006T OF CEMENT. '

The table below shows the average price of cement in 1903 and 1904, the average bids,
and the contract prices. The table below is a partial list of the cement contracts awarded
by the Reclamation Service. The table on page 361 contains a partial list of the lads
thus far made by various cement companies for furnishing cement under the Beclamatioo
Service specifications.

Prices of cement.a



State.


Average

price In

1903.


Average

price in

1904.


Price In
Recla-
mation
Service
oon-
tracta.


AveragB
ofbi^
in 1906.


nftHforrflf^


1.62
La9
1.52
1.26


1.42
L30
1.09
.81


L62
L40
LOS
1.00


L66


Colorado


1.28


Tllinnlii .


1 14


KAnm"


LIO







a Bids and contracts specify that cement should be 95 per cent fine. Prices for 1903 and 1904 are based
on commercial grinding.

Contracts for cement.



Project.


Date.


Company.


Location of
works.


Price

at
works.


Prioe

at

project


Truckee-Oarson


Sept. 25, 1903
Aug. 25,1904
Jan. 10,1905
Mar. 16,1905

Apr. 3,1905
Apr. 10,1905
May 19,1905
July 25,1905
July 31,1905
Aug. 24,1905
Sept. 5,1905
Sept. 26, 1905
Sept. 30,1905
Nov. 1,1905


Spreokles Bros. Co


San Francisco ....




S2.5S
2.9S
2.8S


UlnWnlrft


Utah Portland Cement Co.. . .
Western Cement Selling Co.. . .
lola Portland Cement Co

Pacific Portland Cement Co. .
Western Portland Cement Co

lola Portland Cement Co

Pacific Portland Cement Co ..
Illinois Steel Co


Salt Lake City.. . J


Hondo


Denver, Colo.




North Platte

Truckee-Carson....

Belle Fourche

Do


lola, Kans., 92
percent.

Tolenas, Cal

Yankton, S. Dak.

lola, Kans

Tolenas, Cal

South Chicago, 111.

do


10.90

L50'

1.10

1.00

1.50

LOO

LOO

LIO

L30

L55

L50


2.43
2.15


Truckee-Carson....
Lower Yellowstone


"Vm


Huntley


do




Do


do


.do .




Shoshone


do


do




Yuma


Pacific Portland Cement Co. . .
Portland Cement Co


Tolenas, Cal

Portland ($1.40),
Denver, Colo.

•-


2.82


North Platte


2.20









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CEMENT TESTS.
Bids for cement.



361



Project.



Date.



(Company.



Location of
works.



Price

at
works.



Price

at

project



Truckee-Carson.. .

Do

Do

Do....

Do....

Minidoka....

Do

Do



Sept. 25,1903

do

do

Nov. 7,1903
July 8,1903
Aug. 25,1904

do

do



Do

Hondo

Do

Do

North Platte.



.....do ,

Jan. 10,1905

....do

....do ,

Mar. 16,1905



Do

Do

Do

Traokee-Carson

Do

Belle Fotuche

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do...

Do

Do

Truckee-Carson.. .

Do

Do



....do

....do

do

Apr. 3,1905

do

Apr. 10,1905
....do



....do

....do

....do

....do

....do

May 19,1905
July 25,1905

....do

....do



Lower Yellowstone

Do

Do

Yuma

Do

Huntley

Do

Shoshone

Do

Do

Yuma

Do

Do



July 31,1905
do



....do

Aug. 4,1906
Aug. 12,1906
Aug. 24,1905
Sept. 5,1906
Sept. 26,1906
....do



do

Sept. 30,1905

....do

do



Do.



.do.



North Platte.

Do

Do

Do

Do



Nov. 18,1906
....do



.do.
.do.
.do.



Spreckles Bros. Co ,

Co well Lime and Cement Co

Grace &Co

Spreckles Bros. Co

Standard Portland Cement Co

Portland Cement Co

Kansas Portland Cement Co
Utah Portland Cement Co.. . .

Atlas Portland Cement Co. . .
Western Cement Selling Co.
Atlas Portland Cement Co . . .

Portland Cement Co

lola Portland Cement Co...,



San Franci8CO,CaL



San Francisco, Cal.
NapaJunction,CaL
Portland, Colo,
lola, Kans



Kansas Portland Cement Co. .

Portland Cement Co

....do

Padflc Portland Cement Co . .

Western Fuel Co

Alpena Portland Cement Co . .
Western Portland Cement Co.

Fowler & Pay.

Kansas Portland Cement Co..

Illinois Steel Co

Wabash Portland Cement Co .

Portland Cement Co

lola Portland Cement Co

Western Fuel Co

Pacific Portland Cement Co. . .
Utah Portland Cement Co. . .



Salt Lake City,
Utah.

New York City..

lola

New York City..

Portland, Colo....

lola, Kans. (92
percent).

do

Portland, Colo

Salt Lake, Utah..

Tolenas, Cal...

San Francisco,CaL

St. Paul, Minn...

Yankton, S. Dak

Mankato, Minn..

lola, Kans

South Chicago, 111.

Stron, Ind

Portland, Colo....

lola, Kans



Illinois Steel Co

Alpena Portland Cement Co .
Atlas Portland Cement Co . .

Calif omia Cement Co

Portland Cement Co

Illinois Steel Co

....do



Tolenas, Cal

Salt Lake aty,
Utah.

South Chicago, m.

St. Paul, Minn...,

New York, N.Y..

Colton, Cal

Tolenas, Cal

South Chicago, 111.

do



.do.



Portland Cement Co ,

Alpena Cement Co ,

Padflo Portland Cemeot Co. . ,

Western Fuel Co

Western States Portland Ce-
ment Co.

CaUfoznia Portland Cement
Co.

Portland Cement Co

Illinois Steel Co

Western States Cement Co

Sunderiand Bros

Wm. Parr&Co



do

Portland, Colo....

St. Paul, Minn....

Tolenas, Cal

NapaJonctlon.CaL

Independence,
Kans.

Colton, Cal



Portland, Colo....
South Chicago, lU.
Jackson, Mich....

Omaha, Nebr

Galveston, Tex...



$1.60



a2.83



.90

.90
1.10
1.75
1.60
1.70



LIO
.95
L25



1.10
.90
LOO
L60
L50
2.00

LOO
L37



1.60
LOO
1.10
L30
L36
L40
L65
1.60
L26

2.45

»L40
1.30



82.75
3.60
3.44
2.65



3.26

a37

"2.96

a 71
2.95
a30
2.96
2.43

2.99
2.63



e3.37
2.15
2.78
3.07
ea32
«i3.17
2.42



2.82
2.89
2.97
a 16
2.76



2.82
2.88
2.96

a 07

2.198
2.646

aoo

a26

a86



aAt Denver.



Mdeal.



e Sacks.



dBulk.



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INDEX.



A. Page.

Ahern, Jeremiah, on Shoshone project. . . . 346-350
Alamitos canal (Imperial Valley) , flow of. 104-105

Alamo channel, Cal., flow of 106-107

Alberta Railway and Irrigation Co., canal

system of 179

Alcova-Casper canal, Nebr., data concern-
ing 231-232

Alkali Flat site, Nev., investigations at 265

Alzada, Mont., reservoir site near 327

Anderson, Christian, on Okanogan proj-
ect 335-337

work of 336,345

Animas River, description of 281

diversion from 281

Antelope Creek, Idaho, reconnaissance on . . 166

Arizona, contracts in, status of 40-41, 43

contracts in, unit prices in 47-50, 53, 56-58

evaporation at 82

expenditures in 34-35

floods in 64,98

operations in 65-82, 97-102

power development in 351-352

piuichases in 36-37

reclamation fund for, receipts of 34-35

water supply, in 80,82

Arkansas River, underflow of 173

Ash Creek, Cal., reservoir sites on 90

Aster Creek, Idaho, reservoir site on, data

concerning 162

Augusta, Mont., irrigation near 222

Avalon, Lake, N. Mex., canals at 269, 275

reservoir in, description of. . . . 268-269, 277-278

B.

Babb, C. C, on Milk River project 177-185

work of 82,353

Bancroft Valley, Idaho, reclamation in 330

Bates & Rogers Co., contract with 129

Bear Creek, Mont., power from 219-220

Bear Lake, Utah, private development of . . 330

Bear Lake project, operations under 330

Bear River, irrigation from 330

Beaver Creek, S. Dak., storage on 327

Beaver Creek, Okla., description of 296, 297

storage on 297

Belle Fourche project, buildings at 324

canals for 309-312,316-320

bids and contracts for 310-^11, 317, 319

views of 312,316,318

cement for, prices of 312,360-361

tests of 369

contracts under 43

H. Doc. 86, 59-1 25



Page.
Belle Fourche project, dam for, construc-
tion of, bids and contracts for. 313-315

dam for, views of 320-322

description of 309

expenditures on 327

farm units under 323

irrigable lands of 321-323

land classification at 356

liabilities on 35

main canal, bids on 317

map of 310

operations under 309-327

rainfall at 326

reservoir for 312-3 16

rights of way for 312

south canal of, bids on 319

telephone system of , bids on 320

town site at 326-327

unit prices imder 46-17, 49-60, 52, 54-58, 360

water rights of 326-327

water supply of 324-326

work on; progress of 33

Belle Fourche River, flow of 325-326

Belle Foiu-che Valley Water Users Associa-
tion, organization ol 326

Beula Meadows, Idaho, reservoir site at,

data concerning 152

Beula-Hering Lake, Idaho, reservoir site at,

data concerning 152

Bids, consideration of 39

Bien, Morris, work of 103,176,336

Big Bend project, operations under 345

Bighorn River, dam on 227

reclamation on 226-228

Bighorn subproject, description of 227-228

Big Meadows, Cal., reservoir site at, data

concerning 90-93

Big Roimd Valley, Idaho, character of . .. 165-166

reclamation of 166

Big Valley, Cal., reservoir site in, data con-
cerning 90-91

Big Wood River, Idaho, gagings on 168

Billings, Mont., gaging at 215

Birch River, Idaho, reservoir sites on 160-162

Blrdwood Creek, Nebr., artesian water on. 256-257

Bismarck project, map of 288

opera t ions under 287-289

pumping at 288

topography at 288

Blackfeet Indian Reservation, gagings at . . 181
Blackf oot - Port Neuf divide, reconnais-
sance of 162

363



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864



INDEX.



Page.

Blackfoot River, utilization of 163

Blue River, Colo., gaglngs of 122

Boards of engineers, action of 83,

84, 97, 128, 130, 150, 176, 180, 258, 299,
279, 283, 302, 329, 335, 336, 341 , 345

Boise River, diversion from 148

flow of 149-150,169

storage on 149

Bond, J. B., work of 162-163

Bookkeeping, system of 61

Boon Creek, Idaho, reservoir sites on, data

concerning 152

Boimdary canal (Imperial Valley ),Cal., flow

of 104-105

Bradbury A O'Oara, contract with 233

Briscoe, Cal., reservoir site at, data concern-
ing 90-91

Brown Lake, Wash. , reservoir site in. 336

Browns Valley, Cal. , reservoir site in 95

Bucks Valley, Cal., reservoir site at 94

Buford-Trenton project, coal at, investiga-
tion of 283-284

data concerning 285,287

map of 284

operations at 285

water users' association at 285

Bumphig Lake, Wash., storage in 339-340

Bums Creek conduit, Mont., plan and de-

tailsof 204

Business methods, outline of 61-63

Butte Creek basin, Cal., examination of 94

C.

Cache Creek, Cal. , reservoir sites on 90

California, contracts in, status ol 40, 44

contracts in, unit prices under. 49-50,53,56,58

expenditures in 34-35

floods In 98,107

land classification in 356

operation in 83-109

power development in 352

purchases in 37

reclamation fund for, receipts of 34^35

California Development Co., canal system

of, break in 107-108

system of, proposed purchase of 102-103

Callahan Bros., contract with 180, 214

Camas Creek, Idaho, reconnaissance on 160

Camp, J. 0., on southwestern Oklahoma. 290-295

work of 151-162

Canyon Creek, Idaho, reservoir site at, data

concerning 152

Carlsbad, N. Mex., gaging at 272

Carlsbad project, dam sites for 274-275, 277

duty of water at 272-274

irrigation systems under 268-269

land classification at 356

map of 268

operations under 269-278

soils of 270-271

water rights under 269-270

water supply of 271-275

Carson River, canals from 258

canals from, view of 260

reservoir sites on 258

Carson Sink, reclamation in 258-259, 265



Page,

Carty reservoir site, Oreg., discovery of 304

Casper, Wyo., headquarters at 235

Casper-Douglas canal, Nebr., description of. 232

Cast iron, unit prices of 4R

Cement, analyses of 6(

bids for furnishing 361

manufacture of 65

purchase of 100-101,214,285,312,360-361

tests of 357-350

Cement mill at Salt River, construction and

operation of 65-67

views in 70

Cement mortar, testsof 357

Chain Lakes, Mont., reservoir in 181, 183

reservoir in, capacity of 183

Chains Creek, Idaho, reconnaissance on 106

Chapin, M. I., work of 123

Chelan project, operations under 345

Cherry Creek, N. Mex., reservoir site near. . 282

Cherry Creek project, reconnaissance of 287

Cheyenne River, reconnaissance on 327

ChUx) Creek basins, Cal., examinations of.. . 94

Chinook, Mont., diversion near 183-184

Chinook canal system, irrigable lands un-
der 178,181

Churchill, P. M., on WUliston district proj-
ects 283-287

work of 283

Cimarron River, character of 295, 297-296

reservoir sites on 298

Clark Fork, Mont., description of 224

irrigable lands near 225

reconnaissance on 224-225

Clealum Lake, Wash., reservoir site in 339

Clear Lake (Cache Creek), Cal., reservoir

site at, data concerning 90-91

Clear Lake reservoir (Lost River), Cal.-

Oreg., borings at 85

gagingsat 88,88

location of 83

purchase of 85-86

Coal, investigation into 2^3-284

Coal-land laws, rights under 26

Colorado, contracts in, status of 41, 44

contracts in, unit prices in 49-52, 54-^, 58

expenditures In 34-35

land classification in 356

lignite from, analysis of 174-175

operations in 1 10-127

purchases in 37

reclamation fimd for, receipts of 34-35

• reservoir sites in 124-127

Colorado River, diversion from 102

diversion from, break at 107-108

floods on 98, 107

map of part of 102

Columbia basin. Wash., irrigated lands In .. 330

Columbia River, irrigable lands on 343

Conconully basin. Wash., reservoir site in .. 336
Concow Creek, Cal.. reservoir site on, survey

of 94

Ck>ncrete, unit pricesof 48

Condemnation, authority for 23

Contractors, difficulties with 39

Contracts, data concerning 4(M5

letting of, difficulties m 38-40



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INDEX.



365



Page.

Contracts, status of 40-43

unit prices under 48-68

Corbett tunnel, Wyo., construction of, bids

and contract for 346-347

maps of '346

works of, plates showing 346

Cost, repayment of 22-23

Cost keeping, necessity for and methods of. 61-63

Cracrofts Neck, Cal., examination at 95

Crooked Lake, Idaho, reservoir site at, data

concerning 152

Crow Creek, 8. Dak., utilixation of 310

Crow Indian Reservation, Mont., Huntley

projecton 209

opening of 209

projects on, operations under . 209-215, 225-228'



Online LibraryUnited States. Bureau of ReclamationAnnual report, Volume 4 → online text (page 43 of 45)