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EFTA European Free Trade Association

EIB European Investment Bank

EMU European Monetary Union

Endangered Species Convention on the International Trade in Endangered
Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES)

Entente Council of the Entente

Environmental Modification Convention on the Prohibition of Military
or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques

ESA European Space Agency

ESCAP Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

ESCWA Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia

est. estimate

EU European Union

Euratom European Atomic Energy Community; see European Community (EC)

Eutelsat European Telecommunications Satellite Organization

Ex-Im Export-Import Bank of the United States

F

FAO Food and Agriculture Organization

FAX facsimile

f.o.b. free on board

FLS Front Line States

FRG Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany);
used for information dated before 3 October 1990 or CY91

FSU former Soviet Union

FY fiscal year

FYROM The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

FZ Franc Zone

G

G-2 Group of 2

G-3 Group of 3

G-5 Group of 5

G-6 Group of 6 (not to be confused with the Big Six)

G-7 Group of 7

G-8 Group of 8

G-9 Group of 9

G-10 Group of 10

G-11 Group of 11

G-15 Group of 15

G-19 Group of 19

G-24 Group of 24

G-30 Group of 30

G-33 Group of 33

G-77 Group of 77

GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade;
subsumed by the World Trade Organization (WTrO) on 1 January 1995

GCC Gulf Cooperation Council

GDP gross domestic product

GDR German Democratic Republic (East Germany);
used for information dated before 3 October 1990 or CY91

GNP gross national product

GRT gross register ton

GWP gross world product

H

Hazardous Wastes Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary
Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal

HF high-frequency

I

IADB Inter-American Development Bank

IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency

IBEC International Bank for Economic Cooperation

IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World
Bank)

ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization

ICC International Chamber of Commerce

ICEM Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration;
see International Organization for Migration (IOM)

ICFTU International Confederation of Free Trade Unions; see World
Confederation of Labor (WCL)

ICJ International Court of Justice (World Court)

ICM Intergovernmental Committee for Migration; see International
Organization for Migration (IOM)

ICRC International Committee of the Red Cross

ICRM International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

IDA International Development Association

IDB Islamic Development Bank

IEA International Energy Agency

IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development

IFC International Finance Corporation

IFCTU International Federation of Christian Trade Unions

IFRCS International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

IGAD Inter-Governmental Authority on Development

IGADD Inter-Governmental Authority on Drought and Development

IHO International Hydrographic Organization

IIB International Investment Bank

ILO International Labor Organization

IMCO Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization; see
International Maritime Organization (IMO)

IMF International Monetary Fund

IMO International Maritime Organization

Inmarsat International Mobile Satellite Organization

InOC Indian Ocean Commission

Intelsat International Telecommunications Satellite Organization

Interpol International Criminal Police Organization

Intersputnik International Organization of Space Communications

IOC International Olympic Committee

IOM International Organization for Migration

ISO International Organization for Standardization

ITU International Telecommunication Union

K

kHz kilohertz

km kilometer

kW kilowatt

kWh kilowatt hour

L

LAES Latin American Economic System

LAIA Latin American Integration Association

LAS League of Arab States; see Arab League (AL)

Law of the Sea United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOS)

LDC less developed country

LLDC least developed country

London Convention see Marine Dumping

LORCS League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies;
see International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
(IFRCS)

LOS see Law of the Sea

M

m meter

Marecs Maritime European Communications Satellite

Marine Dumping Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by
Dumping Wastes
and Other Matter

Marine Life Conservation Convention on Fishing and Conservation of
Living Resources of the
High Seas

MARPOL see Ship Pollution

Medarabtel Middle East Telecommunications Project of the International
Telecommunications Union

Mercosur Mercado Comun del Cono Sur; see Southern Cone Common Market

MHz megahertz

MINURSO United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara

MINUGUA United Nations Verification Mission in Guatemala

MIPONUH United Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti

MONUA United Nations Observer Mission in Angola

MONUC United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic
of the Congo

N

NA not available

NACC North Atlantic Cooperation Council; see Euro-Atlantic Partnership
Council (EAPC)

NAM Nonaligned Movement

NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NC Nordic Council

NEA Nuclear Energy Agency

NEGL negligible

NIB Nordic Investment Bank

NIC newly industrializing country; see newly industrializing economy
(NIE)

NIE newly industrializing economy

nm nautical mile

NMT Nordic Mobile Telephone

NSG Nuclear Suppliers Group

Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapons Tests in the
Atmosphere, in Outer Space, and Under Water

NZ New Zealand

O

OAPEC Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries

OAS Organization of American States

OAU Organization of African Unity

ODA official development assistance

OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

OECS Organization of Eastern Caribbean States

OIC Organization of the Islamic Conference

ONUSAL United Nations Observer Mission in El Salvador

OOF other official flows

OPANAL Organismo para la Proscripcion de las Armas Nucleares en la
America Latina y el Caribe;
see Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and
the Caribbean

OPCW Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons

OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

OSCE Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

Ozone Layer Protection Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete
the Ozone Layer

P

PCA Permanent Court of Arbitration

PDRY People's Democratic Republic of Yemen [Yemen (Aden) or South
Yemen];
used for information dated before 22 May 1990 or CY91

PFP Partnership for Peace

R

Ramsar see Wetlands

RG Rio Group

S

SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

SACU Southern African Customs Union

SADC Southern African Development Community

SADCC Southern African Development Coordination Conference;
see Southern African Development Community (SADC)

SELA Sistema Economico Latinoamericana; see Latin American Economic
System (LAES)

SFRY Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia; dissolved 5 December
1991

SHF super-high-frequency

Ship Pollution Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International
Convention for the Prevention of Pollution From Ships, 1973 (MARPOL)

Sparteca South Pacific Regional Trade and Economic Cooperation
Agreement

SPC South Pacific Commission

SPF South Pacific Forum

sq km square kilometer

sq mi square mile

T

TAT Trans-Atlantic Telephone

Tropical Timber 83 International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1983

Tropical Timber 94 International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1994

U

UAE United Arab Emirates

UDEAC Union Douaniere et Economique de l'Afrique Centrale;
see Central African Customs and Economic Union (UDEAC)

UEMOA Union Economique et Monetaire Ouest Africaine;
see West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)

UHF ultra-high-frequency

UK United Kingdom

UN United Nations

UNAMIR United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda

UNAMSIL United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone

UNAVEM III United Nations Angola Verification Mission III

UNCRO United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation in Croatia

UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNDOF United Nations Disengagement Observer Force

UNDP United Nations Development Program

UNEP United Nations Environment Program

UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural
Organization

UNFICYP United Nations Peace-keeping Force in Cyprus

UNFPA United Nations Fund for Population Activities; see UN Population
Fund (UNFPA)

UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

UNICEF United Nations Children's Fund

UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization

UNIFIL United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon

UNIKOM United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission

UNITAR United Nations Institute for Training and Research

UNMIH United Nations Mission in Haiti

UNMIBH United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina

UNMIK United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo

UNMOGIP United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan

UNMOP United Nations Mission of Observers in Prevlaka

UNMOT United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan

UNMOVIC United Nations Monitoring and Verification Commission

UNOMIG United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia

UNOMIL United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia

UNOMOZ United Nations Operation in Mozambique

UNOMSIL United Nations Mission of Observers in Sierra Leone

UNOMUR United Nations Observer Mission Uganda-Rwanda

UNOSOM II United Nations Operation in Somalia II

UNPREDEP United Nations Preventive Deployment Force

UNPROFOR United Nations Protection Force

UNRISD United Nations Research Institute for Social Development

UNRWA United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in
the Near East

UNSCOM United Nations Special Commission for the Elimination of Iraq's
Weapons of Mass Destruction;
see United Nations Monitoring and Verification Commission (UNMOVIC)

UNSMIH United Nations Support Mission in Haiti

UNTAC United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia

UNTAES United Nations Transitional Administration in Eastern Slavonia,
Baranja, and Western Sirmium

UNTAET United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor

UNTSO United Nations Truce Supervision Organization

UNU United Nations University

UPU Universal Postal Union

US United States

USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet Union);
used for information dated before 25 December 1991

USSR/EE Union of Soviet Socialist Republics/Eastern Europe

V

VHF very-high-frequency

VSAT very small aperture terminal

W

WADB West African Development Bank

WAEMU West African Economic and Monetary Union

WCL World Confederation of Labor

WCO World Customs Organization; see Customs Cooperation Council

Wetlands Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially
As Waterfowl Habitat

WEU Western European Union

WFC World Food Council

WFP World Food Program

WFTU World Federation of Trade Unions

Whaling International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling

WHO World Health Organization

WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization

WMO World Meteorological Organization

WP Warsaw Pact

WTO see WToO for World Tourism Organization or WTrO for World Trade
Organization

WToO World Tourism Organization

WTrO World Trade Organization

Y

YAR

Yemen Arab Republic [Yemen (Sanaa) or North Yemen];
used for information dated before 22 May 1990 or CY91

Z

ZC Zangger Committee

______________________________________________________________________


@Appendix B: United Nations System

[Appendix B of the 1998 CIA World Factbook is a graphic
depiction of the structure of the United Nations. It
is not included in the Project Gutenberg edition.]

______________________________________________________________________


@Appendix C: International Organizations and Groups

advanced developing countries
another term for those less developed countries (LDCs) with
particularly rapid industrial development; see newly industrializing
economies (NIEs)
_________________________________________________________________

advanced economies
a new term used by the International Monetary FUND (IMF) for the top
group in its hierarchy of advanced economies, countries in transition,
and developing countries; recently published IMF statistics include
the following 28 advanced economies: Australia, Austria, Belgium,
Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Iceland,
Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Luxembourg, Netherlands,
NZ, Norway, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan,
UK, US; note - this group would presumably also cover the following
seven smaller countries of Andorra, Bermuda, Faroe Islands, Holy See,
Liechtenstein, Monaco, and San Marino which are included in the more
comprehensive group of "developed countries"
_________________________________________________________________

African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States (ACP Group)
address - Avenue Georges Henri 451, B-1200 Brussels, Belgium
telephone - [32] (2) 743 06 00
FAX - [32] (2) 735 55 73
established - 6 June 1975
aim - to manage their preferential economic and aid relationship with
the EU
members - (71) Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados,
Belize, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde,
Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the
Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Dominica,
Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon,
The Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti,
Jamaica, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali,
Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Papua New
Guinea, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles,
Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa Sudan, Suriname,
Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Uganda,
Vanuatu, Zambia, Zimbabwe
_________________________________________________________________

African Development Bank (AfDB)
note - also known as Banque Africaine de Developpement (BAD)
address - 01 BP 1387, Abidjan 01, Cote d'Ivoire
telephone - [225] 20 44 44
FAX - [225] 21 77 53
established - 4 August 1963
aim - to promote economic and social development
regional members - (53) Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina
Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad,
Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote
d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia,
Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho,
Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and
Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa,
Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
nonregional members - (25) Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Brazil,
Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan,
South Korea, Kuwait, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Saudi Arabia,
Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UAE, UK, US
_________________________________________________________________

Agence de Cooperation Culturelle et Technique (ACCT)
see Agency for the French-speaking Community (ACCT)
_________________________________________________________________

Agence de la francophonie (ACCT)
see Agency for the French-speaking Community (ACCT)
_________________________________________________________________

Agency for Cultural and Technical Cooperation (ACCT)
see Agency for the French-speaking Community (ACCT); acronym from
Agence de Cooperation Culturelle et Technique
_________________________________________________________________

Agency for the French-Speaking Community (ACCT)
note - formerly Agency for Cultural and Technical Cooperation
address - 13 Quai Andre-Citroen, F-75015 Paris, France
telephone - [33] (1) 44 37 33 00
FAX - [33] (1) 45 79 14 98
established - 20 March 1970
name changed - 1996
aim - to promote cultural and technical cooperation among
French-speaking countries
members - (41) Belgium, Benin, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi,
Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic,
Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the
Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, France,
Gabon, Guinea, Haiti, Laos, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mali,
Mauritius, Moldova, Monaco, Niger, Romania, Rwanda, Sao Tome and
Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Switzerland, Togo, Tunisia, Vanuatu,
Vietnam
associate members - (5) Egypt, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, Morocco,
Saint Lucia
participating governments - (2) New Brunswick (Canada), Quebec
(Canada)
_________________________________________________________________

Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the
Caribbean (OPANAL)
note - acronym from Organismo para la Proscripcion de las Armas
Nucleares en la America Latina y el Caribe (OPANAL)
address - Temistocles 78, Col Polanco, CP 011560, Mexico City 5 DF,
Mexico
telephone - [52] (5) 280 4923, 280 5064, 280 2715
FAX - [52] (5) 280 2965
established - 14 February 1967 under the Treaty of Tlatelolco
effective - 25 April 1969 on the 11th ratification of the treaty
aim - to encourage the peaceful uses of atomic energy and prohibit
nuclear weapons
members - (32) Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, The Bahamas, Barbados,
Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica,
Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana,
Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru,
Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,
Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela
_________________________________________________________________

Andean Community of Nations (CAN)
note - formerly known as the Andean Group (AG), the Andean Parliament,
and most recently as the Andean Common Market (Ancom)
address - c/o General Secretariat of the Andean Community, Paseo de la
Republica 3895, Casilla 18-1177, Lima 18, Peru
telephone - [51] (1) 221 2222
FAX - [51] (1) 221 3329
established - 26 May 1969; present name established 1 October 1992
effective - 16 October 1969
aim - to promote harmonious development through economic integration
members - (5) Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
associate member - (1) Panama
_________________________________________________________________

Andean Group (AG)
see Andean Community of Nations (CAN)
_________________________________________________________________

Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (ABEDA)
note - also known as Banque Arabe de Developpement Economique en
Afrique (BADEA)
address - Abdel Rahman El Mahdi Avenue, P. O. Box 2640, Khartoum,
Sudan
telephone - [249] (11) 770498, 773646, 773709
FAX - [249] (11) 770600
established - 18 February 1974
effective - 16 September 1974
aim - to promote economic development
members - (17 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization) Algeria,
Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania,
Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, UAE,
Palestine Liberation Organization; note - these are all the members of
the Arab League excluding Comoros, Djibouti, Somalia, Yemen
_________________________________________________________________

Arab Cooperation Council (ACC)
established - 16 February 1989
aim - to promote economic cooperation and integration, possibly
leading to an Arab Common Market
members - (4) Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Yemen
_________________________________________________________________

Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development (AFESD)
address - P. O. Box 21923, Safat 13080, Kuwait
telephone - [965] 4844500
FAX - [965] 4815750, 4815760, 4815770
established - 16 May 1968
aim - to promote economic and social development
members - (21 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization) Algeria,
Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt (suspended from 1979 to 1988), Iraq
(suspended 1993), Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco,
Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia (suspended 1993), Sudan (suspended
1993), Syria, Tunisia, UAE, Yemen, Palestine Liberation Organization
_________________________________________________________________

Arab League (AL)
note - also known as League of Arab States (LAS)
address - Midan Attahrir, Tahrir Square, P. O. Box 11642, Cairo, Egypt
telephone - [20] (2) 750 511
FAX - [20] (2) 740 331
established - 22 March 1945
aim - to promote economic, social, political, and military cooperation
members - (21 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization) Algeria,
Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon,
Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan,
Syria, Tunisia, UAE, Yemen, Palestine Liberation Organization
_________________________________________________________________

Arab Maghreb Union (AMU)
address - 27 Avenue Okba Agdal, Rabat, Morocco
telephone - [212] (7) 77 26 82, 77 26 76, 77 26 68
FAX - [212] (7) 77 26 93
established - 17 February 1989
aim - to promote cooperation and integration among the Arab states of
northern Africa
members - (5) Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia
_________________________________________________________________

Arab Monetary Fund (AMF)
address - P. O. Box 2818, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
telephone - [971] (2) 215000, 328500
FAX - [971] (2) 326454
established - 27 April 1976
effective - 2 February 1977
aim - to promote Arab cooperation, development, and integration in
monetary and economic affairs
members - (20 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization) Algeria,
Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya,
Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria,
Tunisia, UAE, Yemen, Palestine Liberation Organization
_________________________________________________________________

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
address - APEC Secretariat, 438 Alexandra Road, 14-00 Alexandra Point,
14th Floor 01/04, Singapore 119958, Singapore
telephone - [65] 276 1880
FAX - [65] 276 1775
established - 7 November 1989
aim - to promote trade and investment in the Pacific basin
members - (21) Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, China, Hong Kong,
Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, NZ, Papua New Guinea,
Peru, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, US, Vietnam
observers - (3) Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Pacific
Economic Cooperation Conference, South Pacific Forum
_________________________________________________________________

Asian Development Bank (AsDB)
address - 6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong, 0401 METRO Manila, Philippines
telephone - [63] (2) 711 3851
FAX - [63] (2) 741 7961, 631 6816
established - 19 December 1966
aim - to promote regional economic cooperation
regional members - (41) Afghanistan, Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan,
Burma, Cambodia, China, Cook Islands, Fiji, Hong Kong, India,
Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kiribati, South Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos,
Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia,
Mongolia, Nauru, Nepal, NZ, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines,
Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tajikistan,
Thailand, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vietnam
nonregional members - (16) Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland,
France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, Turkey, UK, US
_________________________________________________________________

Asociacion Latinoamericana de Integracion (ALADI)
see Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)
_________________________________________________________________

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
note - the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) consists of the 9 ASEAN members,
2 observers, 2 consultative partners, and 8 dialogue partners:
Australia, Canada, EU, India, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand, US
address - 70 A Jalan Sisingamangaraja, Jakarta 12110, Indonesia



Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyCIA World Factbook (2000) → online text (page 125 of 140)