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telephone - [62] (21) 7262991, 7243372
FAX - [62] (21) 7398234, 7243504
established - 8 August 1967
aim - to encourage regional economic, social, and cultural cooperation
among the non-Communist countries of Southeast Asia
members - (10) Brunei, Burma, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia,
Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam
observer - (1) Papua New Guinea
consultative partners - (2) China, Russia
_________________________________________________________________

Australia Group
established - 1984
aim - to consult on and coordinate export controls related to chemical
and biological weapons
members - (28) Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,
Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, NZ, Norway, Poland,
Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, US; note - may now
include only 23 countries
observer - (1) Singapore
_________________________________________________________________

Australia-New Zealand-United States Security Treaty (ANZUS)
address - c/o Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Bag 8, Queen
Victoria Terrace, Canberra ACT 2600, Australia
telephone - [61] (6) 261 91 11
FAX - [61] (6) 261 21 51
established - 1 September 1951
effective - 29 April 1952
aim - to implement a trilateral mutual security agreement, although
the US suspended security obligations to NZ on 11 August 1986;
Australia and the US continue to hold annual meetings
members - (3) Australia, NZ, US
_________________________________________________________________

Banco Centroamericano de Integracion Economico (BCIE)
see Central American Bank for Economic Integration (BCIE)
_________________________________________________________________

Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID)
see Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
_________________________________________________________________

Bank for International Settlements (BIS)
address - Centralbahnplatz 2, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland
telephone - [41] (61) 280 80 80
FAX - [41] (61) 280 91 00, 280 81 00
established - 20 January 1930
effective - 17 March 1930
aim - to promote cooperation among central banks in international
financial settlements
members - (45) Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada,
China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Ireland, Italy,
Japan, South Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, The Former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania,
Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa,
Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK, US, Yugoslavia (suspended)
_________________________________________________________________

Banque Africaine de Developpement (BAD)
see African Development Bank (AfDB)
_________________________________________________________________

Banque Arabe de Developpement Economique en Afrique (BADEA)
see Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (ABEDA)
_________________________________________________________________

Banque de Developpement des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale (BDEAC)
see Central African States Development Bank (BDEAC)
_________________________________________________________________

Banque Ouest-Africaine de Developpement (BOAD)
see West African Development Bank (WADB)
_________________________________________________________________

Benelux Economic Union (Benelux)
note - acronym from Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg
address - Rue de la Regence 39, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium
telephone - [32] (2) 519 38 11
FAX - [32] (2) 513 42 06
established - 3 February 1958
effective - 1 November 1960
aim - to develop closer economic cooperation and integration
members - (3) Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands
_________________________________________________________________

Big Seven
note - membership is the same as the Group of 7
established - NA 1975
aim - to discuss and coordinate major economic policies
members - (7) Big Six (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, UK) plus
the US
_________________________________________________________________

Big Six
note - not to be confused with the Group of 6
established - NA 1967
aim - to foster economic cooperation
members - (6) Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, UK
_________________________________________________________________

Black Sea Economic Cooperation Zone (BSEC)
address - Istinye Cad Musir Fuad Pasa Yalisi Eski Tersame, Istinye
80860, Istanbul, Turkey
telephone - [90] (212) 229 6330
FAX - [90] (212) 229 6336
established - 25 June 1992
aim - to enhance regional stability through economic cooperation
members - (11) Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia,
Greece, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine
observers - (7) Austria, Egypt, Israel, Italy, Poland, Slovakia,
Tunisia
_________________________________________________________________

Caribbean Community and Common Market (Caricom)
address - Caricom, P. O. Box 10827, Bank of Guyana Building, 3rd
floor, Avenue of the Republic, Georgetown, Guyana
telephone - [592] (2) 69281 through 69289
FAX - [592] (2) 66091, 67816, 57341
established - 4 July 1973
effective - 1 August 1973
aim - to promote economic integration and development, especially
among the less developed countries
members - (14) Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize,
Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis,
Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and
Tobago
associate members - (3) Anguilla, British Virgin Islands, Turks and
Caicos Islands
observers - (10) Aruba, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Dominican
Republic, Haiti, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Venezuela
_________________________________________________________________

Caribbean Development Bank (CDB)
address - P. O. Box 408, Wildey, St. Michael, Barbados
telephone - [1] (246) 431 1600
FAX - [1] (246) 426 7269
established - 18 October 1969
effective - 26 January 1970
aim - to promote economic development and cooperation
regional members - (20) Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas,
Barbados, Belize, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Colombia,
Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Mexico, Montserrat, Saint Kitts
and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and
Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, Venezuela
nonregional members - (6) Canada, China, France, Germany, Italy, UK
_________________________________________________________________

Cartagena Group
see Group of 11
_________________________________________________________________

Central African Customs and Economic Union (UDEAC)
note - acronym from Union Douaniere et Economique de l'Afrique
Centrale
address - BP 969, Bangui, Central African Republic
telephone - [236] 61 09 22, 61 45 77
FAX - [236] 61 21 35
established - 8 December 1964
effective - 1 January 1966
aim - to promote the establishment of a Central African Common Market
members - (6) Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of
the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon
_________________________________________________________________

Central African States Development Bank (BDEAC)
note - acronym from Banque de Developpement des Etats de l'Afrique
Centrale
address - BDEAC, Place du Gouvernement, BP 1177, Brazzaville, Republic
of the Congo
telephone - [242] 81 18 85
FAX - [242] 81 18 80
established - 3 December 1975
aim - to provide loans for economic development
members - (9) Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of
the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, France, Gabon, Germany, Kuwait
_________________________________________________________________

Central American Bank for Economic Integration (BCIE)
note - acronym from Banco Centroamericano de Integracion Economico
address - Apartado Postal 772, Tegucigalpa DC, Honduras
telephone - [504] 228 2243
FAX - [504] 228 2185
established - 13 December 1960 signature of Articles of Agreement; 31
May 1961 began operations
aim - to promote economic integration and development
members - (5) Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua
nonregional members - (4) Argentina, Colombia, Mexico, Taiwan
_________________________________________________________________

Central American Common Market (CACM)
address - c/o SIECA, Apartado Postal 1237, 4a Avenida 10-25, Zona 14,
Guatemala 01901, Guatemala
telephone - [502] (2) 682151, 682152, 682153, 682154
FAX - [502] (2) 681071
established - 13 December 1960, collapsed in 1969, reinstated in 1991
aim - to promote establishment of a Central American Common Market
members - (5) Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua;
note - Panama, although not a member, pursues full regional
cooperation
_________________________________________________________________

Central European Initiative (CEI)
note - evolved from the Quadrilateral Initiative and the Hexagonal
Group
address - European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, One
Exchange Square, London EC2A 2EH, UK
telephone - [44] (171) 338 6152
FAX - [44] (171) 338 7472
established - 11 November 1989 as the Quadrilateral Initiative, 27
July 1991 became the Hexagonal Initiative, NA 1992 present name
adopted
aim - to form an economic and political cooperation group for the
region between the Adriatic and the Baltic Seas
members - (16) Albania, Austria, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina,
Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, The Former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia,
Ukraine
_________________________________________________________________

centrally planned economies
a term applied mainly to the traditionally communist states that
looked to the former USSR for leadership; most are now evolving toward
more democratic and market-oriented systems; also known formerly as
the Second World or as the communist countries; through the 1980s,
this group included Albania, Bulgaria, Cambodia, China, Cuba,
Czechoslovakia, GDR, Hungary, North Korea, Laos, Mongolia, Poland,
Romania, USSR, Vietnam, Yugoslavia
_________________________________________________________________

Colombo Plan (CP)
address - Colombo Plan Bureau, P. O. Box 596, 12 Melbourne Avenue,
Colombo 4, Sri Lanka
telephone - [94] (1) 581813, 581853, 581754
FAX - [94] (1) 581754
established - NA May 1950 proposal was adopted; 1 July 1951 commenced
full operations
aim - to promote economic and social development in Asia and the
Pacific
members - (24) Afghanistan, Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma,
Cambodia, Fiji, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, South Korea, Laos,
Malaysia, Maldives, Nepal, NZ, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea,
Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, US
_________________________________________________________________

Commission for Social Development
note - formerly Social Commission
address - General Assembly and ECOSOC Affairs Division, Department of
General Assembly Affairs and Conference Services, United Nations, Room
S-2950, New York, NY 10017, US
telephone - [1] (212) 963 1234
FAX - [1] (212) 963 5935
established - 21 June 1946 as the Social Commission, renamed 29 July
1966
aim - to deal, as part of the Economic and Social Council, with social
development programs of UN
members - (46) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
_________________________________________________________________

Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
address - Center for International Crime Prevention, Vienna
International Center, P. O. Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria
telephone - [43] (1) 21345, extension 4272
FAX - [43] (1) 21345 5898, 21345 5841
established - 6 February 1992
aim - to provide guidance, as part of the Economic and Social Council,
on crime prevention and criminal justice
members - (40) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
_________________________________________________________________

Commission on Human Rights
address - c/o Secretariat, United Nations Office of the High
Commissioner of Human Rights, United Nations Office at Geneva, CH-1211
Geneva 10, Switzerland
telephone - [41] (22) 917 90 00, 907 92 60
FAX - [41] (22) 917 90 11
established - 18 February 1946
aim - to assist, as part of the Economic and Social Council, with
human rights programs of UN
members - (53) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
_________________________________________________________________

Commission on Narcotic Drugs
address - c/o United Nations Drug Control Programme, Treaty
Implementation and Legal Affairs Branch, P. O. Box 500, A-1400 Vienna,
Austria
telephone - [43] (1) 213450
FAX - [43] (1) 21345-5885
established - 16 February 1946
aim - Economic and Social Council organization dealing with illicit
drugs programs of UN
members - (53) selected on a rotating basis from all regions with
emphasis on producing and processing countries
_________________________________________________________________

Commission on Population and Development
address - Division for Policy and Coordination and ECOSOC Affairs,
Department for Policy Coordination and Sustainable Development, United
Nations, Room 2963, New York, NY 10017, US
telephone - [1] (212) 963 1234
FAX - [1] (212) 963 5935
established - 10 August 1948
aim - to deal with population matters of importance to the UN, as part
of Economic and Social Council
members - (47) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
_________________________________________________________________

Commission on Science and Technology for Development
address - General Assembly and ECOSOC Affairs Division, Department of
General Assembly Affairs and Conference Services, United Nations, New
York, NY 10017, US
telephone - [1] (212) 963 1234
FAX - [1] (212) 963 5935
established - 20 July 1992
aim - to promote international cooperation, as part of the Economic
and Social Council, in the field of science and technology
members - (33) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
_________________________________________________________________

Commission on Sustainable Development
address - Division for Sustainable Development, United Nations
Department for Policy Coordination and Sustainable Development, Room
DC2-2274, New York, NY 10017, US
telephone - [1] (212) 963 0902
FAX - [1] (212) 963 4260
established - 12 February 1993
aim - to monitor, as part of the Economic and Social Council,
implementation of agreements reached at the UN Conference on
Environment and Development
members - (53) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
_________________________________________________________________

Commission on the Status of Women
address - Division for the Advancement of Women, Department for
Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations, Room DC2-1200, New York,
NY 10017, US
telephone - [1] (212) 963 3177
FAX - [1] (212) 963 3463
established - 21 June 1946
aim - to deal, as part of the Economic and Social Council, with
women's rights goals of UN
members - (45) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
_________________________________________________________________

Commonwealth (C)
note - also known as Commonwealth of Nations
address - c/o Commonwealth Secretariat, Marlborough House, Pall Mall,
London SW1Y 5HX, UK
telephone - [44] (171) 839 3411, 747 6535
FAX - [44] (171) 930 0827, 839 9081
established - 31 December 1931
aim - to foster multinational cooperation and assistance, as a
voluntary association that evolved from the British Empire
members - (53) Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas,
Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Botswana, Brunei, Cameroon, Canada,
Cyprus, Dominica, Fiji, The Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guyana, India,
Jamaica, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta,
Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, NZ, Nigeria, Pakistan
(suspended), Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia,
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone,
Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Swaziland,
Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, UK, Vanuatu, Zambia,
Zimbabwe
special members - (1) Tuvalu
_________________________________________________________________

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
address - Kirov Street 17, 220000 Minsk, Belarus
telephone - [375] 223434, 223517
FAX - [375] 261944, 272339
established - 8 December 1991
effective - 21 December 1991
aim - to coordinate intercommonwealth relations and to provide a
mechanism for the orderly dissolution of the USSR
members - (12) Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine,
Uzbekistan
_________________________________________________________________

Commonwealth of Nations
see Commonwealth (C)
_________________________________________________________________

Communaute Economique de l'Afrique de l'Ouest (CEAO)
see West African Economic Community (CEAO)
_________________________________________________________________

Communaute Economique des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale (CEEAC)
see Economic Community of Central African States (CEEAC)
_________________________________________________________________

Communaute Economique des Pays des Grands Lacs (CEPGL)
see Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries (CEPGL)
_________________________________________________________________

communist countries
traditionally the Marxist-Leninist states with authoritarian
governments and command economies based on the Soviet model; most of
the original and the successor states are no longer communist; see
centrally planned economies
_________________________________________________________________

Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE)
see Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
_________________________________________________________________

Conseil Europeenne pour la Recherche Nucleaire (CERN)
see European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
_________________________________________________________________

Contadora Group (CG)
established 5 January 1983 (on the Panamanian island of Contadora) to
reduce tensions and conflicts in Central America; members included
Colombia, Mexico, Panama, Venezuela; has evolved into the Rio Group
(RG)
_________________________________________________________________

Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf
see Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)
_________________________________________________________________

Coordinating Committee on Export Controls (COCOM)
established in 1949 to control the export of strategic products and
technical data from member countries to proscribed destinations;
members were Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany,
Greece, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal,
Spain, Turkey, UK, US; abolished 31 March 1994; COCOM members are
working on a new organization with expanded membership which focuses
on nonproliferation export controls as opposed to East-West control of
advanced technology
_________________________________________________________________

Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CEMA)
note - also known as CMEA or Comecon
established 25 January 1949 to promote the development of socialist
economies and abolished 1 January 1991; members included Afghanistan
(observer), Albania (had not participated since 1961 break with USSR),
Angola (observer), Bulgaria, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Ethiopia
(observer), GDR, Hungary, Laos (observer), Mongolia, Mozambique
(observer), Nicaragua (observer), Poland, Romania, USSR, Vietnam,
Yemen (observer), Yugoslavia (associate)
_________________________________________________________________

Council of Arab Economic Unity (CAEU)
address - International Trade Center Building, 12th Floor, 1191
Cornish El Nile, P. O. Box 1, Mohamad Fareed, Cairo, Egypt
telephone - [20] (2) 754252, 755321
FAX - [20] (2) 754090
established - 3 June 1957
effective - 30 May 1964
aim - to promote economic integration among Arab nations
members - (11 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization) Egypt, Iraq,
Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Mauritania, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, UAE, Yemen,
Palestine Liberation Organization
_________________________________________________________________

Council of Europe (CE)
address - Palais de l'Europe, F-67075 Strasbourg CEDEX, France
telephone - [33] (3) 88 41 20 00
FAX - [33] (3) 88 41 27 81, 88 41 27 82
established - 5 May 1949
effective - 3 August 1949
aim - to promote increased unity and quality of life in Europe
members - (41) Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,
Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia,
Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,
Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, The Former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Russia, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, UK
guests - (3) Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina
observers - (4) Canada, Israel, Japan, US
_________________________________________________________________

Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS)
address - Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Box 16121, S-10323 Stockholm,
Sweden
telephone - [46] (8) 405 1000
FAX - [46] (8) 723 1176
established - 6 March 1992
aim - to promote cooperation among the Baltic Sea states in the areas
of aid to new democratic institutions, economic development,
humanitarian aid, energy and the environment, cultural programs and
education, and transportation and communication
members - (12) Denmark, Estonia, EU, Finland, Germany, Iceland,
Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Russia, Sweden
_________________________________________________________________

Council of the Entente (Entente)
address - 01 BP 3734, Angle Avenue Verdier-Rue de Tessieres, Abidjan
01, Cote d'Ivoire
telephone - [225] 33 10 01, 33 28 35, 32 10 74
FAX - [225] 33 11 49
established - 29 May 1959
aim - to promote economic, social, and political coordination
members - (5) Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Niger, Togo
_________________________________________________________________

countries in transition
a new term used by the International Monetary FUND (IMF) for the
middle group in its hierarchy of advanced economies, countries in
transition, and developing countries; recently published IMF
statistics include the following 28 countries in transition: Albania,
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria,
Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, The Former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia, Moldova, Mongolia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia and
Montenegro, Slovakia, Slovenia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine,
Uzbekistan; note - this group is identical to the group traditionally
referred to as the "former USSR/Eastern Europe" except for the
addition of Mongolia
_________________________________________________________________

Customs Cooperation Council (CCC)
note - also known as World Customs Organization (WCO)
address - Rue du Marche 30, B-1210 Brussels, Belgium
telephone - [32] (2) 209 92 11
FAX - [32] (2) 109 92 92
established - 15 December 1950
aim - to promote international cooperation in customs matters
members - (145) Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia,
Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, The Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belarus,
Belgium, Bermuda, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso,
Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African
Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the
Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus,
Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji,
Finland, France, Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece,
Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India,
Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan,
Kazakhstan, Kenya, South Korea, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho,
Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau, The Former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali,
Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco,
Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ, Niger, Nigeria, Norway,
Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal,
Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone,



Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyCIA World Factbook (2000) → online text (page 126 of 140)