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was dissolved after the coup of 18 September 1988


_#_Judicial branch: Council of People's Justices was abolished after
the coup of 18 September 1988


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State and Head of Government - Chairman of the State Law
and Order Restoration Council Gen. SAW MAUNG (since 18 September 1988)


_#_Political parties and leaders:
National Unity Party (NUP; proregime), THA KYAW;
National League for Democracy (NLD), U TIN OO and AUNG SAN SUU KYI;
League for Democracy and Peace, U NU


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


_#_Elections:

People's Assembly - last held 27 May 1990, but Assembly never
convened;
results - NLD 80%;
seats - (485 total) NLD 396, the regime-favored NUP 10, other 79


_#_Communists: several hundred (est.) in Burma Communist Party (BCP)


_#_Other political or pressure groups: Kachin Independence Army (KIA),
United Wa State Army (UWSA), Karen National Union (KNU), several Shan
factions, including the Shan United Army (SUA) (all ethnically-based
insurgent groups)


_#_Member of: AsDB, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA,
IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, LORCS, UN, UNCTAD,
UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WMO


_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador U MYO AUNG; Chancery at
2300 S Street NW, Washington DC 20008; telephone (202) 332-9044 through
9046; there is a Burmese Consulate General in New York;

US - Ambassador (vacant); Deputy Chief of Mission Franklin P.
HUDDLE, Jr.; Embassy at 581 Merchant Street, Rangoon (mailing address
is G. P. O. Box 521, Rangoon or Box B, APO San Francisco 96346);
telephone 82055 or 82181


_#_Flag: red with a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner
bearing, all in white, 14 five-pointed stars encircling a cogwheel
containing a stalk of rice; the 14 stars represent the 14 administrative
divisions


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Burma is a poor Asian country, with a per capita GDP
of about $400. The nation has been unable to achieve any substantial
improvement in export earnings because of falling prices for many
of its major commodity exports. For rice, traditionally the most
important export, the drop in world prices has been accompanied by
shrinking markets and a smaller volume of sales. In 1985 teak replaced
rice as the largest export and continues to hold this position. The
economy is heavily dependent on the agricultural sector, which generates
about half of GDP and provides employment for 66% of the work force.


_#_GDP: $16.8 billion, per capita $408; real growth rate NEGL%
(FY90 est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 22.6% (FY89 est.)


_#_Unemployment rate: 9.6% in urban areas (FY89 est.)


_#_Budget: revenues $4.9 billion; expenditures $5.0 billion,
including capital expenditures of $0.7 billion (FY89 est.)


_#_Exports: $228 million (f.o.b., FY89)

commodities - teak, rice, oilseed, metals, rubber, gems;

partners - Southeast Asia, India, China, EC, Africa


_#_Imports: $540 million (c.i.f., FY89)

commodities - machinery, transport equipment, chemicals, food
products;

partners - Japan, EC, China, Southeast Asia


_#_External debt: $5.5 billion (December 1990 est.)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate 2.6% (FY90 est.); accounts
for 10% of GDP


_#_Electricity: 950,000 kW capacity; 2,900 million kWh produced,
70 kWh per capita (1990)


_#_Industries: agricultural processing; textiles and footwear; wood
and wood products; petroleum refining; mining of copper, tin, tungsten,
iron; construction materials; pharmaceuticals; fertilizer


_#_Agriculture: accounts for 51% of GDP (including fish and
forestry); self-sufficient in food; principal crops - paddy rice, corn,
oilseed, sugarcane, pulses; world's largest stand of hardwood trees;
rice and teak account for 55% of export revenues; fish catch of
732,000 metric tons (FY90)


_#_Illicit drugs: world's largest illicit producer of opium poppy
and minor producer of cannabis for the international drug trade; opium
production is on the increase as growers respond to the collapse
of Rangoon's antinarcotic programs


_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $158
million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-88), $3.9 billion; Communist countries (1970-88), $424 million


_#_Currency: kyat (plural - kyats); 1 kyat (K) = 100 pyas


_#_Exchange rates: kyats (K) per US$1 - 6.0476 (January 1991), 6.3386
(1990), 6.7049 (1989), 6.3945 (1988), 6.6535 (1987), 7.3304 (1986),
8.4749 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: 1 April-31 March


_*_Communications
_#_Railroads: 3,991 km total, all government owned; 3,878 km
1.000-meter gauge, 113 km narrow-gauge industrial lines; 362 km double
track


_#_Highways: 27,000 km total; 3,200 km bituminous, 17,700 km improved
earth or gravel, 6,100 km unimproved earth


_#_Inland waterways: 12,800 km; 3,200 km navigable by large commercial
vessels


_#_Pipelines: crude, 1,343 km; natural gas, 330 km


_#_Ports: Rangoon, Moulmein, Bassein


_#_Merchant marine: 60 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 968,226
GRT/1,433,584 DWT; includes 3 passenger-cargo, 19 cargo, 2 refrigerated
cargo, 3 vehicle carrier, 2 container, 3 petroleum, oils, and
lubricants (POL) tanker, 2 chemical, 1 combination ore/oil, 24 bulk,
1 combination bulk


_#_Civil air: 17 major transport aircraft (including 3 helicopters)


_#_Airports: 86 total, 79 usable; 29 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 3 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 37
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: meets minimum requirements for local and
intercity service; international service is good; radiobroadcast coverage
is limited to the most populous areas; 53,000 telephones (1986);
stations - 2 AM, 1 FM, 1 TV (1985); 1 Indian Ocean INTELSAT earth station


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force


_#_Manpower availability: eligible 15-49, 20,766,975; of the
10,378,743 males 15-49, 5,566,247 are fit for military service; of the
10,388,232 females 15-49, 5,558,007 are fit for military service; 442,200
males and 431,407 females reach military age (18) annually; both sexes
are liable for military service


_#_Defense expenditures: $315.0 million, 3% of GDP (FY88)
_%_
[email protected]_Burundi
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 27,830 km2; land area: 25,650 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly larger than Maryland


_#_Land boundaries: 974 km total; Rwanda 290 km, Tanzania 451 km,
Zaire 233 km


_#_Coastline: none - landlocked


_#_Maritime claims: none - landlocked


_#_Climate: temperate; warm; occasional frost in uplands


_#_Terrain: mostly rolling to hilly highland; some plains


_#_Natural resources: nickel, uranium, rare earth oxide, peat, cobalt,
copper, platinum (not yet exploited), vanadium


_#_Land use: arable land 43%; permanent crops 8%; meadows and pastures
35%; forest and woodland 2%; other 12%; includes irrigated NEGL%


_#_Environment: soil exhaustion; soil erosion; deforestation


_#_Note: landlocked; straddles crest of the Nile-Congo watershed


_*_People
_#_Population: 5,831,233 (July 1991), growth rate 3.2% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 47 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 15 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 109 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 50 years male, 54 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 6.9 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Burundian(s); adjective - Burundi


_#_Ethnic divisions: Africans - Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%,
Twa (Pygmy) 1%; other Africans include about 70,000 refugees, mostly
Rwandans and Zairians; non-Africans include about 3,000 Europeans and
2,000 South Asians


_#_Religion: Christian about 67% (Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 5%).
indigenous beliefs 32%, Muslim 1%


_#_Language: Kirundi and French (official); Swahili (along Lake
Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)


_#_Literacy: 50% (male 61%, female 40%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1990 est.)


_#_Labor force: 1,900,000 (1983 est.); agriculture 93.0%, government
4.0%, industry and commerce 1.5%, services 1.5; 52% of population of
working age (1985)


_#_Organized labor: sole group is the Union of Burundi Workers (UTB);
by charter, membership is extended to all Burundi workers (informally);
active membership figures NA


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Republic of Burundi


_#_Type: republic


_#_Capital: Bujumbura


_#_Administrative divisions: 15 provinces; Bubanza, Bujumbura, Bururi,
Cankuzo, Cibitoke, Gitega, Karuzi, Kayanza, Kirundo, Makamba, Muramvya,
Muyinga, Ngozi, Rutana, Ruyigi


_#_Independence: 1 July 1962 (from UN trusteeship under Belgian
administration)


_#_Constitution: 20 November 1981; suspended following the coup of
3 September 1987; referendum for a new constitution scheduled for
March 1992


_#_Legal system: based on German and Belgian civil codes and
customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


_#_National holiday: Independence Day, 1 July (1962)


_#_Executive branch: president; chairman of the Central Committee
of the National Party of Unity and Progress (UPRONA), prime minister


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (Assemblee
Nationale) was dissolved following the coup of 3 September 1987;
at an extraordinary party congress held from 27 to 29 December 1990,
the Central Committee of the National Party of Unity and Progress
(UPRONA) replaced the Military Committee for National Salvation, and
became the supreme governing body during the transition to constitutional
government


_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - President Pierre BUYOYA (since 9 September 1987);

Head of Government Prime Minister Adrien SIBOMANA (since 26
October 1988)


_#_Political parties and leaders: only party - National Party of
Unity and Progress (UPRONA), President Pierre BUYOYA, chairman, and
Nicolas MAYUGI, secretary general


_#_Suffrage: universal adult at age NA


_#_Elections:

National Assembly - dissolved after the coup of 3 September
1987;

note - The National Unity Charter outlining the principles for
constitutional government was adopted by a national referendum on 5
February 1991


_#_Communists: no Communist party


_#_Member of: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, CEEAC, CEPGL, ECA, FAO, G-77,
GATT, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, INTERPOL, ITU,
LORCS, NAM, OAU, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO


_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Julien KAVAKURE; Chancery at
Suite 212, 2233 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington DC 20007;
telephone (202) 342-2574;

US - Ambassador Cynthia Shepherd PERRY; Embassy at Avenue du Zaire,
Bujumbura (mailing address is B. P. 1720, Avenue des Etats-Unis,
Bujumbura); telephone 234-54 through 56


_#_Flag: divided by a white diagonal cross into red panels (top and
bottom) and green panels (hoist side and outer side) with a white disk
superimposed at the center bearing three red six-pointed stars outlined
in green arranged in a triangular design (one star above, two stars
below)


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: A landlocked, resource-poor country in an early stage
of economic development, Burundi is predominately agricultural with only
a few basic industries. Its economic health depends on the coffee
crop, which accounts for an average 90% of foreign exchange earnings each
year. The ability to pay for imports therefore continues to rest largely
on the vagaries of the climate and the international coffee market.


_#_GDP: $1.1 billion, per capita $200; real growth rate 1.5% (1989)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 11.7% (1989)


_#_Unemployment rate: NA%


_#_Budget: revenues $158 million; expenditures $204 million,
including capital expenditures of $131 million (1989 est.)


_#_Exports: $81 million (f.o.b., 1989);

commodities - coffee 88%, tea, hides, and skins;

partners - EC 83%, US 5%, Asia 2%


_#_Imports: $197 million (c.i.f., 1989);

commodities - capital goods 31%, petroleum products 15%, foodstuffs,
consumer goods;

partners - EC 57%, Asia 23%, US 3%


_#_External debt: $957 million (December 1990 est.)


_#_Industrial production: real growth rate 5.1% (1986); accounts
for about 10% of GDP


_#_Electricity: 51,000 kW capacity; 105 million kWh produced, 19 kWh
per capita (1989)


_#_Industries: light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap;
assembly of imports; public works construction; food processing


_#_Agriculture: accounts for 60% of GDP; 90% of population dependent
on subsistence farming; marginally self-sufficient in food production;
cash crops - coffee, cotton, tea; food crops - corn, sorghum, sweet
potatoes, bananas, manioc; livestock - meat, milk, hides, and skins


_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $71
million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-88), $10.1 billion; OPEC bilateral aid (1979-89), $32 million;
Communist countries (1970-89), $175 million


_#_Currency: Burundi franc (plural - francs); 1 Burundi franc
(FBu) = 100 centimes


_#_Exchange rates: Burundi francs (FBu) per US$1 - 163.29 (January
1991), 171.26 (1990), 158.67 (1989), 140.40 (1988), 123.56 (1987), 114.17
(1986), 120.69 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Highways: 5,900 km total; 400 km paved, 2,500 km gravel or
laterite, 3,000 km improved or unimproved earth


_#_Inland waterways: Lake Tanganyika


_#_Ports: Bujumbura (lake port) connects to transportation systems of
Tanzania and Zaire


_#_Civil air: 1 major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 8 total, 7 usable; 1 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; none
with runways 1,220 to 2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: sparse system of wire, radiocommunications, and
low-capacity radio relay links; 8,000 telephones; stations - 2 AM, 2 FM, 1
TV; 1 Indian Ocean INTELSAT earth station


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Army (includes naval and air units); paramilitary
Gendarmerie


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 1,268,342; 661,888 fit for
military service; 64,538 reach military age (16) annually


_#_Defense expenditures: $33 million, 3.1% of GDP (1988)
_%_
[email protected]_Cambodia
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 181,040 km2; land area: 176,520 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly smaller than Oklahoma


_#_Land boundaries: 2,572 km total; Laos 541 km, Thailand 803 km,
Vietnam 1,228 km


_#_Coastline: 443 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: 24 nm;

Continental shelf: 200 nm;

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Disputes: offshore islands and three sections of the
boundary with Vietnam are in dispute; maritime boundary with Vietnam
not defined; occupied by Vietnam on 25 December 1978


_#_Climate: tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to October); dry
season (December to March); little seasonal temperature variation


_#_Terrain: mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north


_#_Natural resources: timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese,
phosphates, hydropower potential


_#_Land use: arable land 16%; permanent crops 1%; meadows and pastures
3%; forest and woodland 76%; other 4%; includes irrigated 1%


_#_Environment: a land of paddies and forests dominated by Mekong
River and Tonle Sap


_#_Note: buffer between Thailand and Vietnam


_*_People
_#_Population: 7,146,386 (July 1991), growth rate 2.2% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 38 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 16 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 125 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 48 years male, 51 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 4.5 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Cambodian(s); adjective - Cambodian


_#_Ethnic divisions: Khmer 90%, Chinese 5%, other 5%


_#_Religion: Theravada Buddhism 95%, other 5%


_#_Language: Khmer (official), French


_#_Literacy: 35% (male 48%, female 22%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1990 est.)


_#_Labor force: 2.5-3.0 million; agriculture 80% (1988 est.)


_#_Organized labor: Kampuchea Federation of Trade Unions (FSC); under
government control


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: none


_#_Type: disputed between the National Government of Cambodia (NGC)
led by Prince NORODOM SIHANOUK, and the State of Cambodia (SOC) led by
HENG SAMRIN


_#_Capital: Phnom Penh


_#_Administrative divisions: NGC - 18 provinces (khet, singular and
plural) and 1 capital city* (rottatheanei);
Batdambang, Kampong Cham, Kampong Chhnang,
Kampong Spoe, Kampong Thum, Kampot, Kandal, Kaoh Kong,
Kracheh, Mondol Kiri, Phnum Penh*, Pouthisat, Preah
Vihear, Prey Veng, Rotanokiri, Siemreab-Otdar
Meanchey, Stoeng Treng, Svay Rieng, Takev; note - the SOC adds
a province of Banteay Meanchey and an autonomous municipality of
Kampong Saom to the NGC administrative structure


_#_Independence: 9 November 1953 (from France)


_#_Constitution: SOC - 27 June 1981


_#_National holidays: NGC - Independence Day, 17 April (1975);
SOC - Liberation Day, 7 January (1979)


_#_Executive branch: NGC - president, prime minister; SOC - chairman
of the Council of State, Council of State, chairman of the Council of
Ministers, Council of Ministers


_#_Legislative branch: NGC - none; SOC - unicameral National Assembly


_#_Judicial branch: NGC - none; SOC - Supreme People's Court


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - NGC - President Prince NORODOM SIHANOUK
(since NA July 1982); SOC - Chairman of the Council of State HENG
SAMRIN (since 27 June 1981)

Head of Government - NGC - Prime Minister SON SANN (since NA July
1982);
SOC - Chairman of the Council of Ministers HUN SEN (since 14 January 1985)


_#_Political parties and leaders: NGC - three resistance groups
including:
Democratic Kampuchea (DK, also known as the Khmer Rouge) under KHIEU
SAMPHAN;
Khmer People's National Liberation Front (KPNLF) under SON SANN;
and National United Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful, and
Cooperative Cambodia (FUNCINPEC) under Prince NORODOM RANNARIDH;
SOC - Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party (KPRP) led by HENG SAMRIN


_#_Suffrage: NGC - none; SOC - universal at age 18


_#_Elections:

NGC - none;

SOC - National Assembly - last held 1 May 1981; in February 1986 the
Assembly voted to extend its term for five years; results - KPRP is the
only party;
seats - (123 total) KPRP 123


_#_Member of: AsDB, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA,
ILO, IMF, IMO, INTERPOL, ITU, LORCS, NAM, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU,
WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTO


_#_Diplomatic representation: none


_#_Flag:
NGC - three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (double width), and blue
with a white stylized three-towered temple representing Angkor Wat
centered on the red band;

SOC - two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and blue with a gold
stylized five-towered temple representing Angkor Wat in the center


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Cambodia is a desperately poor country whose economic
development has been stymied by deadly political infighting. The
economy is based on agriculture and related industries. Over the
past decade Cambodia has been slowly recovering from its near destruction
by war and political upheaval. It still remains, however, one of the
world's poorest countries, with an estimated per capita GDP of about
$130. The food situation is precarious; during the 1980s famine has
been averted only through international relief. In 1986 the production
level of rice, the staple food crop, was able to meet only 80% of
domestic needs. The biggest success of the nation's recovery program has
been in new rubber plantings and in fishing. Industry, other than rice
processing, is almost nonexistent. Foreign trade is primarily with the
USSR and Vietnam. Statistical data on the economy continues to be sparse
and unreliable. Foreign aid from the USSR and Eastern Europe almost
certainly is being slashed.


_#_GDP: $890 million, per capita $130; real growth rate 0% (1989 est.)


_#_Unemployment rate: NA%


_#_Budget: revenues $NA; expenditures $NA, including capital
expenditures of $NA


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 50% (first half 1990)


_#_Exports: $32 million (f.o.b., 1988);

commodities - natural rubber, rice, pepper, wood;

partners - Vietnam, USSR, Eastern Europe, Japan, India


_#_Imports: $147 million (c.i.f., 1988);

commodities - international food aid; fuels, consumer goods,
machinery;

partners - Vietnam, USSR, Eastern Europe, Japan, India


_#_External debt: $600 million (1989)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate NA%


_#_Electricity: 126,000 kW capacity; 150 million kWh produced,
20 kWh per capita (1990)


_#_Industries: rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber,
cement, gem mining


_#_Agriculture: mainly subsistence farming except for rubber
plantations; main crops - rice, rubber, corn; food shortages - rice, meat,
vegetables, dairy products, sugar, flour


_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-88), $719
million; Western (non-US) countries (1970-88), $285 million; Communist
countries (1970-89), $1,800 million


_#_Currency: riel (plural - riels); 1 riel (CR) = 100 sen


_#_Exchange rates: riels (CR) per US$1 - 560 (November 1990), 159.00
(1988), 100.00 (1987), 30.00 (1986), 7.00 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Railroads: 612 km 1.000-meter gauge, government owned


_#_Highways: 13,351 km total; 2,622 km bituminous; 7,105 km crushed
stone, gravel, or improved earth; 3,624 km unimproved earth; some roads
in disrepair


_#_Inland waterways: 3,700 km navigable all year to craft drawing 0.6
meters; 282 km navigable to craft drawing 1.8 meters


_#_Ports: Kampong Saom, Phnom Penh


_#_Airports: 22 total, 9 usable; 6 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 2 with runways 2,440-3,659 m;
4 with runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: service barely adequate for government
requirements and virtually nonexistent for general public; international
service limited to Vietnam and other adjacent countries; stations - 1 AM,
no FM, 1 TV


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: SOC - Cambodian People's Armed Forces (CPAF); Communist
resistance forces - National Army of Democratic Kampuchea (Khmer Rouge);
non-Communist resistance forces - Armee National Kampuchea Independent
(ANKI) which is sometimes anglicized as National Army of Independent
Cambodia (NAIC) and Khmer People's National Liberation Armed Forces
(KPNLAF)


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 1,869,880; 1,030,356 fit for
military service; 57,288 reach military age (18) annually


_#_Defense expenditures: $NA, NA% of GDP
_%_
[email protected]_Cameroon
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 475,440 km2; land area: 469,440 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly larger than California


_#_Land boundaries: 4,591 km total; Central African Republic 797 km,
Chad 1,094 km, Congo 523 km, Equatorial Guinea 189 km, Gabon 298 km,
Nigeria 1,690 km


_#_Coastline: 402 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Territorial sea: 50 nm


_#_Disputes: demarcation of international boundaries in Lake Chad,
the lack of which has led to border incidents in the past, is completed
and awaiting ratification by Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria;
Nigerian proposals to reopen maritime boundary negotiations and
redemarcate the entire land boundary have been rejected by Cameroon


_#_Climate: varies with terrain from tropical along coast to semiarid
and hot in north


_#_Terrain: diverse with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau
in center, mountains in west, plains in north


_#_Natural resources: crude oil, bauxite, iron ore, timber,
hydropower potential


_#_Land use: arable land 13%; permanent crops 2%; meadows and pastures
18%; forest and woodland 54%; other 13%; includes irrigated NEGL%


_#_Environment: recent volcanic activity with release of poisonous
gases; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification


_#_Note: sometimes referred to as the hinge of Africa


_*_People
_#_Population: 11,390,374 (July 1991), growth rate 2.7% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 41 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 15 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 118 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)



Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyThe 1991 CIA World Factbook → online text (page 13 of 89)