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Cotopaxi, El Oro, Esmeraldas, Galapagos, Guayas, Imbabura, Loja,
Los Rios, Manabi, Morona-Santiago, Napo, Pastaza, Pichincha,
Sucumbios, Tungurahua, Zamora-Chinchipe


_#_Independence: 24 May 1822 (from Spain; Battle of Pichincha)


_#_Constitution: 10 August 1979


_#_Legal system: based on civil law system; has not accepted
compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


_#_National holiday: Independence Day, 10 August (1809, independence
of Quito)


_#_Executive branch: president, vice president, Cabinet


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral National Congress (Congreso
Nacional)


_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Corte Suprema)


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State and Head of Government - President Rodrigo BORJA
Cevallos (since 10 August 1988); Vice President Luis PARODI Valverde
(since 10 August 1988)


_#_Political parties and leaders:

Right to center parties -
Social Christian Party (PSC), former President Leon FEBRES Cordero
Rivadeneira;
Conservative Party (PC), Alberto DAHIK, leader;
Radical Liberal Party (PLR), Blasco Manuel PENAHERRERA Padilla,
director;

Centrist parties -
Concentration of Popular Forces (CFP), Averroes BUCARAM Saxida, director;
Radical Alfarist Front (FRA), Cecilia CALDERON de Castro, leader;
People, Change, and Democracy (PCD), Aquiles RIGAIL Santistevan,
director;
Revolutionary Nationalist Party (PNR), Carlos Julio AROSEMENA Monroy,
leader;

Center-left parties -
Democratic Left (ID), President Rodrigo BORJA Cevallos, leader;
Roldosist Party of Ecuador (PRE), Abdala BUCARAM Ortiz, director;
Popular Democracy (DP), Vladimiro ALVAREZ, president;
Christian Democratic (CD), Julio Cesar TRUJILLO;
Democratic Party (PD), Francisco HUERTA Montalvo, leader;

Far-left parties -
Broad Leftist Front (FADI), Rene MAUGE Mosquera, director;
Socialist Party (PSE), Victor GRANDA Aguilar, secretary general;
Democratic Popular Movement (MPD), Jaime HURTADO Gonzalez, leader;
Ecuadorian National Liberation (LN), Alfredo CASTILLO, president;
Popular Revolutionary Action Party (APRE), Lt. Gen. Frank VARGAS Pazzos,
leader


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18; compulsory for literate persons ages
18-65, optional for other eligible voters


_#_Elections:

President - first round held 31 January 1988 and second round on
8 May 1988 (next first round to be held May 1992 and second round
June 1992);
results - Rodrigo BORJA Cevallos (ID) 54%, Abdala BUCARAM Ortiz
(PRE) 46%;

Chamber of Representatives - last held 17 June 1990
(next to be held June 1992);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (72 total) PSC 16, ID 14, PRE 13, PSE 8, DP 7, CFP 3,
PC 3, PLR 3, FADI 2, FRA 2, MPD 1


_#_Communists: Communist Party of Ecuador (PCE, pro-Moscow), Rene
Mauge Mosquera, secretary general, 5,000 members; Communist Party of
Ecuador/Marxist Leninist (PCMLE, Maoist), 3,000 members; Socialist
Party of Ecuador (PSE, pro-Cuba), 5,000 members (est.); National
Liberation Party (PLN, Communist), 5,000 members (est.)


_#_Member of: AG, ECLAC, FAO, G-11, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC,
ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ITU,
LAES, LAIA, LORCS, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPEC, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO


_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Jaime MONCAYO; Chancery at
2535 15th Street NW, Washington DC 20009; telephone (202) 234-7200;
there are Ecuadorian Consulates General in Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles,
Miami, New Orleans, New York, and San Francisco, and a Consulate in San
Diego;

US - Ambassador Paul C. LAMBERT; Embassy at Avenida Patria
120, on the corner of Avenida 12 de Octubre, Quito (mailing address is
P. O. Box 538, Quito, or APO Miami 34039); telephone [593] (2) 562-890;
there is a US Consulate General in Guayaquil


_#_Flag: three horizontal bands of yellow (top, double width), blue,
and red with the coat of arms superimposed at the center of the flag;
similar to the flag of Colombia which is shorter and does not bear a coat
of arms


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Ecuador has substantial oil resources and rich
agricultural areas. Growth has been uneven because of natural disasters
(e.g., a major earthquake in 1987), fluctuations in global oil prices,
and government policies designed to curb inflation. The government has
not taken a supportive attitude toward either domestic or foreign
investment, although its agreement to enter the Andean free trade zone
is an encouraging move.


_#_GDP: $10.6 billion, per capita $1,010; real growth rate 1.5% (1990)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 49.5% (1990)


_#_Unemployment rate: 8.0% (1990)


_#_Budget: revenues $2.2 billion; expenditures $2.2 billion,
including capital expenditures of $375 million (1991)


_#_Exports: $2.7 billion (f.o.b., 1990);

commodities - petroleum 47%, coffee, bananas, cocoa products,
shrimp, fish products;

partners - US 60%, Latin America, Caribbean, EC countries


_#_Imports: $1.7 billion (f.o.b., 1990);

commodities - transport equipment, vehicles, machinery, chemicals;

partners - US 34%, Latin America, Caribbean, EC, Japan


_#_External debt: $11.8 billion (December 1990)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate - 3.8% (1989); accounts for
almost 40% of GDP, including petroleum


_#_Electricity: 1,983,000 kW capacity; 6,011 million kWh produced,
570 kWh per capita (1990)


_#_Industries: petroleum, food processing, textiles, metal works, paper
products, wood products, chemicals, plastics, fishing, timber


_#_Agriculture: accounts for 18% of GDP and 35% of labor force
(including fishing and forestry); leading producer and exporter of
bananas and balsawood; other exports - coffee, cocoa, fish, shrimp; crop
production - rice, potatoes, manioc, plantains, sugarcane; livestock
sector - cattle, sheep, hogs, beef, pork, dairy products; net importer
of foodgrains, dairy products, and sugar


_#_Illicit drugs: relatively small producer of coca following the
successful eradication campaign of 1985-87; significant transit country,
however, for derivatives of coca originating in Colombia, Bolivia, and
Peru


_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $498
million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-88), $1.7 billion; Communist countries (1970-89), $64 million


_#_Currency: sucre (plural - sucres); 1 sucre (S/) = 100 centavos


_#_Exchange rates: sucres (S/) per US$1 - 869.54 (December 1990),
767.75 (1990), 526.35 (1989), 301.61 (1988), 170.46 (1987), 122.78
(1986), 69.56 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Railroads: 965 km total; all 1.067-meter-gauge single track


_#_Highways: 28,000 km total; 3,600 km paved, 17,400 km gravel and
improved earth, 7,000 km unimproved earth


_#_Inland waterways: 1,500 km


_#_Pipelines: crude oil, 800 km; refined products, 1,358 km


_#_Ports: Guayaquil, Manta, Puerto Bolivar, Esmeraldas


_#_Merchant marine: 47 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 342,411
GRT/495,482 DWT; includes 1 passenger, 8 cargo, 17 refrigerated cargo,
2 container, 1 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 16 petroleum, oils, and lubricants
(POL) tanker, 1 liquefied gas, 1 bulk


_#_Civil air: 44 major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 153 total, 151 usable; 46 with permanent-surface runways;
1 with runways over 3,659 m; 6 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 23 with
runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: domestic facilities generally adequate; 318,000
telephones; stations - 272 AM, no FM, 33 TV, 39 shortwave; 1 Atlantic
Ocean INTELSAT earth station


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Army (Ejercito Ecuatoriano), Navy (Armada Ecuatoriana),
Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Ecuatoriana), National Police


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 2,716,919; 1,840,296 fit for
military service; 117,113 reach military age (20) annually


_#_Defense expenditures: $176 million, 1.6% of GDP (1990 est.)
_%_
[email protected]_Egypt
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 1,001,450 km2; land area: 995,450 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly more than three times the size of New
Mexico


_#_Land boundaries: 2,689 km total; Gaza Strip 11 km, Israel 255 km,
Libya 1,150 km, Sudan 1,273 km


_#_Coastline: 2,450 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: 24 nm;

Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation;

Exclusive economic zone: undefined;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Disputes: Administrative boundary with Sudan does not coincide
with international boundary


_#_Climate: desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters


_#_Terrain: vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta


_#_Natural resources: crude oil, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates,
manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc


_#_Land use: arable land 3%; permanent crops 2%; meadows and pastures
0%; forest and woodland NEGL%; other 95%; includes irrigated 5%


_#_Environment: Nile is only perennial water source; increasing soil
salinization below Aswan High Dam; hot, driving windstorm called khamsin
occurs in spring; water pollution; desertification


_#_Note: controls Sinai Peninsula, only land bridge between Africa
and remainder of Eastern Hemisphere; controls Suez Canal, shortest sea
link between Indian Ocean and Mediterranean; size and juxtaposition to
Israel establish its major role in Middle Eastern geopolitics


_*_People
_#_Population: 54,451,588 (July 1991), growth rate 2.3% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 33 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 10 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: NEGL migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 82 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 60 years male, 61 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 4.5 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Egyptian(s); adjective - Egyptian


_#_Ethnic divisions: Eastern Hamitic stock 90%; Greek, Italian,
Syro-Lebanese 10%


_#_Religion: (official estimate) Muslim (mostly Sunni) 94%;
Coptic Christian and other 6%


_#_Language: Arabic (official); English and French widely understood
by educated classes


_#_Literacy: 48% (male 63%, female 34%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1990 est.)


_#_Labor force: 15,000,000 (1989 est.); government, public sector
enterprises, and armed forces 36%; agriculture 34%; privately owned
service and manufacturing enterprises 20% (1984); shortage of skilled
labor; 2,500,000 Egyptians work abroad, mostly in Iraq and the Gulf Arab
states (1988 est.)


_#_Organized labor: 2,500,000 (est.)


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Arab Republic of Egypt


_#_Type: republic


_#_Capital: Cairo


_#_Administrative divisions: 24 governorates (muhafazat,
singular - muhafazah); Ad Daqahliyah, Al Bahr al Ahmar,
Al Buhayrah, Al Fayyum, Al Gharbiyah, Al Iskandariyah,
Al Ismailiyah, Al Jizah, Al Minufiyah, Al Minya,
Al Qahirah, Al Qalyubiyah, Al Wadi al Jadid, Ash
Sharqiyah, As Suways, Aswan, Asyut, Bani Suwayf, Bur
Said, Dumyat, Janub Sina, Matruh,
Shamal Sina, Suhaj


_#_Independence: 28 February 1922 (from UK); formerly United Arab
Republic


_#_Constitution: 11 September 1971


_#_Legal system: based on English common law, Islamic law, and
Napoleonic codes; judicial review by Supreme Court and Council of State
(oversees validity of administrative decisions); accepts compulsory ICJ
jurisdiction, with reservations


_#_National holiday: Anniversary of the Revolution, 23 July (1952)


_#_Executive branch: president, prime minister, Cabinet


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral People's Assembly (Majlis
al-Chaab); note - there is an Advisory Council (Majlis al-Shura) that
functions in a consultative role


_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Constitutional Court


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - President Mohammed Hosni MUBARAK (was made acting
President on 6 October 1981 upon the assassination of President Sadat and
sworn in as President on 14 October 1981);

Head of Government - Prime Minister Atef Mohammed Najib SEDKY
(since 12 November 1986)


_#_Political parties and leaders: formation of political parties must
be approved by government;
National Democratic Party (NDP), President Mohammed Hosni MUBARAK,
leader, is the dominant party;
legal opposition parties are
Socialist Liberal Party (SLP), Kamal MURAD;
Socialist Labor Party, Ibrahim SHUKRI;
National Progressive Unionist Grouping (NPUG), Khalid MUHYI-AL-DIN;
Umma Party, Ahmad al-SABAHI;
New Wafd Party (NWP), Fuad SIRAJ AL-DIN;
Misr al-Fatah Party (Young Egypt Party), Ali al-Din SALIH;
Democratic Unionist Party, Muhammad Abd al-Mun'im TURK;
The Greens Party, Hasan RAJAB


_#_Suffrage: universal and compulsory at age 18


_#_Elections:

President - last held 5 October 1987 (next to be held October
1993); results - President Hosni MUBAREK was reelected;

People's Assembly - last held 29 November 1990 (next to be held
November 1995); results - NDP 78.4%, NPUG 1.4%, independents 18.7%;
seats - (454 total, 444 elected) - including NDP 348,
NPUG 6, independents 83; note - most opposition parties boycotted;

Advisory Council - last held 8 June 1989 (next to be held June
1995);
results - NDP 100%;
seats - (258 total, 172 elected) NDP 172


_#_Communists: about 500 party members


_#_Other political or pressure groups: Islamic groups are illegal, but
the largest one, the Muslim Brotherhood, is tolerated by the government;
trade unions and professional associations are officially sanctioned


_#_Member of: ABEDA, ACC, ACCT (associate), AfDB, AFESD, AG (observer),
AL, AMF, CAEU, CCC, EBRD, ECA, ESCWA, FAO, G-19, G-24, G-77, GATT, IAEA,
IBRD, ICAO, ICC, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT,
INTERPOL, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAPEC,
OAS (observer), OAU, OIC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNRWA, UPU,
WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO


_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador El Sayed Abdel Raouf EL
REEDY; Chancery at 2310 Decatur Place NW, Washington DC 20008;
telephone (202) 232-5400; there are Egyptian Consulates General in
Chicago, Houston, New York, and San Francisco;

US - Ambassador Frank G. WISNER; Embassy at Lazougi Street,
Garden City, Cairo (mailing address is APO New York 09674-0006);
telephone [20] (2) 355-7371; there is a US Consulate General in
Alexandria


_#_Flag: three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black
with the national emblem (a shield superimposed on a golden eagle facing
the hoist side above a scroll bearing the name of the country in Arabic)
centered in the white band; similar to the flag of Yemen which has a
plain white band; also similar to the flag of Syria which has two green
stars and of Iraq which has three green stars (plus an Arabic
inscription) in a horizontal line centered in the white band


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Egypt has one of the largest public sectors of all
the Third World economies, most industrial plants being owned by the
government. Overregulation holds back technical modernization and
foreign investment. Even so, the economy grew rapidly during the late
1970s and early 1980s, but in 1986 the collapse of world oil prices
and an increasingly heavy burden of debt servicing led Egypt to begin
negotiations with the IMF for balance-of-payments support. As part of
the 1987 agreement with the IMF, the government agreed to institute
a reform program to reduce inflation, promote economic growth, and
improve its external position. The reforms have been slow in coming,
however, and the economy has been largely stagnant for the past
three years. The addition of 1 million people every seven months
to Egypt's population exerts enormous pressure on the 5% of the total
land area available for agriculture.


_#_GDP: $37.0 billion, per capita $700; real growth rate 1.0% (1990
est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 26% (FY90)


_#_Unemployment rate: 15% (1989 est.)


_#_Budget: revenues $7 billion; expenditures $11.5 billion,
including capital expenditures of $4 billion (FY89 est.)


_#_Exports: $3.8 billion (f.o.b., 1990);

commodities - crude and refined petroleum, cotton yarn, raw cotton,
textiles, metal products, chemicals;

partners - EC, Eastern Europe, US, Japan


_#_Imports: $11.4 billion (f.o.b., 1989);

commodities - machinery and equipment, foods, fertilizers, wood
products, durable consumer goods, capital goods;

partners - EC, US, Japan, Eastern Europe


_#_External debt: $52 billion (December 1990 est.)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate 2-4% (1989 est.); accounts
for 24% of GDP


_#_Electricity: 11,273,000 kW capacity; 42,500 million kWh produced,
780 kWh per capita (1989)


_#_Industries: textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals,
petroleum, construction, cement, metals


_#_Agriculture: accounts for 20% of GNP and employs more than
one-third of labor force; dependent on irrigation water from the Nile;
world's sixth-largest cotton exporter; other crops produced include rice,
corn, wheat, beans, fruit, vegetables; not self-sufficient in food;
livestock - cattle, water buffalo, sheep, and goats; annual fish catch
about 140,000 metric tons


_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $15.7
billion; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-88), $9.3 billion; OPEC bilateral aid (1979-89), $2.9 billion;
Communist countries (1970-89), $2.4 billion


_#_Currency: Egyptian pound (plural - pounds); 1 Egyptian pound
(5E) = 100 piasters


_#_Exchange rates: Egyptian pounds (5E) per US$1 - 2.9030 (January
1991), 2.7072 (1990), 2.5171 (1989), 2.2233 (1988), 1.5183 (1987), 1.3503
(1986), 1.3010 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: 1 July-30 June


_*_Communications
_#_Railroads: 5,110 km total; 4,763 km 1,435-meter standard gauge,
347 km 0.750-meter gauge; 951 km double track; 25 km electrified


_#_Highways: 51,925 km total; 17,900 km paved, 2,500 km gravel,
13,500 km improved earth, 18,025 km unimproved earth


_#_Inland waterways: 3,500 km (including the Nile, Lake Nasser,
Alexandria-Cairo Waterway, and numerous smaller canals in the delta);
Suez Canal, 193.5 km long (including approaches), used by oceangoing
vessels drawing up to 16.1 meters of water


_#_Pipelines: crude oil, 1,171 km; refined products, 596 km; natural
gas, 460 km


_#_Ports: Alexandria, Port Said, Suez, Bur Safajah, Damietta


_#_Merchant marine: 144 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,121,534
GRT/1,725,369 DWT; includes 5 passenger, 7 short-sea passenger,
2 passenger-cargo, 85 cargo, 3 refrigerated cargo, 13 roll-on/roll-off
cargo, 14 petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) tanker, 15 bulk


_#_Civil air: 43 major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 91 total, 82 usable; 66 with permanent-surface runways;
2 with runways over 3,659 m; 44 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 22 with
runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: system is large but still inadequate for needs;
principal centers are Alexandria, Cairo, Al Mansurah, Ismailia, and
Tanta; intercity connections by coaxial cable and microwave;
extensive upgrading in progress; 600,000 telephones (est.); stations - 25
AM, 5 FM, 47 TV; satellite earth stations - 1 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT, 1
Indian Ocean INTELSAT, 1 INMARSAT, 1 ARABSAT; 4 submarine coaxial
cables; tropospheric scatter to Sudan; radio relay to Libya (may not be
operational); radio relay to Jordan


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Air Defense Command


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 13,333,285; 8,665,260 fit for
military service; 584,780 reach military age (20) annually


_#_Defense expenditures: $2.8 billion, 7.3% of GDP (1991)
_%_
[email protected]_El Salvador
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 21,040 km2; land area: 20,720 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly smaller than Massachusetts


_#_Land boundaries: 545 km total; Guatemala 203 km, Honduras 342 km


_#_Coastline: 307 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Territorial sea: 200 nm (overflight and navigation permitted beyond
12 nm)


_#_Disputes: dispute with Honduras over several sections of the land
boundary; dispute over Golfo de Fonseca maritime boundary because of
disputed sovereignty of islands


_#_Climate: tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season
(November to April)


_#_Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central
plateau


_#_Natural resources: hydropower, geothermal power, crude oil


_#_Land use: arable land 27%; permanent crops 8%; meadows and pastures
29%; forest and woodland 6%; other 30%; includes irrigated 5%


_#_Environment: The Land of Volcanoes; subject to frequent and
sometimes very destructive earthquakes; deforestation; soil erosion;
water pollution


_#_Note: smallest Central American country and only one without a
coastline on Caribbean Sea


_*_People
_#_Population: 5,418,736 (July 1991), growth rate 2.0% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 34 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 7 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: - 6 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 47 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 63 years male, 68 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 4.1 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Salvadoran(s); adjective - Salvadoran


_#_Ethnic divisions: mestizo 89%, Indian 10%, white 1%


_#_Religion: Roman Catholic about 75%, with extensive activity by
Protestant groups throughout the country (more than 1 million
Protestant evangelicals in El Salvador at the end of 1990)


_#_Language: Spanish, Nahua (among some Indians)


_#_Literacy: 73% (male 76%, female 70%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1990 est.)


_#_Labor force: 1,700,000 (1982 est.); agriculture 40%, commerce 16%,
manufacturing 15%, government 13%, financial services 9%, transportation
6%, other 1%; shortage of skilled labor and a large pool of unskilled
labor, but manpower training programs improving situation (1984 est.)


_#_Organized labor: total labor force 15%; agricultural labor force
10%; urban labor force 7% (1987 est.)


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Republic of El Salvador


_#_Type: republic


_#_Capital: San Salvador


_#_Administrative divisions: 14 departments (departamentos,
singular - departamento); Ahuachapan, Cabanas, Chalatenango,
Cuscatlan, La Libertad, La Paz, La Union, Morazan, San Miguel,
San Salvador, Santa Ana, San Vicente, Sonsonate, Usulutan


_#_Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain)


_#_Constitution: 20 December 1983


_#_Legal system: based on civil and Roman law, with traces of common
law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; accepts
compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations


_#_National holiday: Independence Day, 15 September (1821)


_#_Executive branch: president, vice president, Council of Ministers
(cabinet)


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Assembly (Asamblea
Legislativa)


_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Corte Suprema)


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State and Head of Government - President Alfredo CRISTIANI
(since 1 June 1989); Vice President Jose Francisco MERINO (since 1 June
1989)


_#_Political parties and leaders: National Republican Alliance
(ARENA), Armando CALDERON Sol;
Christian Democratic Party (PDC), Fidel CHAVEZ Mena;
National Conciliation Party (PCN), Ciro CRUZ Zepeda;
National Democratic Union (UDN), Mario AGUINADA Carranza;
the Democratic Convergence (CD) is a coalition of three
parties - the Social Democratic Party (PSD), Wilfredo BARILLAS;
the National Revolutionary Movement (MNR), Rene FLORES;
and the Popular Social Christian Movement (MPSC), Ruben ZAMORA;
Authentic Christian Movement (MAC), Julio REY PRENDES;
Democratic Action (AD), Ricardo GONZALEZ Camacho


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


_#_Elections:

President - last held 19 March 1989 (next to be held March 1994);
results - Alfredo CRISTIANI (ARENA) 53.8%, Fidel CHAVEZ Mena (PDC) 36.6%,
other 9.6%;

Legislative Assembly - last held 10 March 1991 (next to be
held March 1994);
results - ARENA 44.3%, PDC 27.96%, CD 12.16%, PCN 8.99%, MAC 3.23%,
UDN 2.68%;
seats - (84 total) ARENA 39, PDC 26, PCN 9, CD 8, UDN 1, MAC 1


_#_Other political or pressure groups:

Leftist revolutionary movement - Farabundo Marti National
Liberation Front (FMLN), leadership body of the insurgency, four
factions - Popular Liberation Forces (FPL), Armed Forces of National
Resistance (FARN), People's Revolutionary Army (ERP), Salvadoran
Communist Party/Armed Forces of Liberation (PCES/FAL), and Central
American Workers' Revolutionary Party (PRTC)/Popular Liberation



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