Copyright
United States. Central Intelligence Agency.

The 1991 CIA World Factbook online

. (page 26 of 89)
Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyThe 1991 CIA World Factbook → online text (page 26 of 89)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


_#_Nationality: noun - French Guianese (sing., pl.); adjective - French
Guiana


_#_Ethnic divisions: black or mulatto 66%; Caucasian 12%; East Indian,
Chinese, Amerindian 12%; other 10%


_#_Religion: predominantly Roman Catholic


_#_Language: French


_#_Literacy: 82% (male 81%, female 83%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1982)


_#_Labor force: 23,265; services, government, and commerce 60.6%,
industry 21.2%, agriculture 18.2% (1980)


_#_Organized labor: 7% of labor force


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Department of Guiana


_#_Type: overseas department of France


_#_Capital: Cayenne


_#_Administrative divisions: none (overseas department of France)


_#_Independence: none (overseas department of France)


_#_Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)


_#_Legal system: French legal system


_#_National holiday: Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)


_#_Executive branch: French president, commissioner of the republic


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral General Council and a unicameral
Regional Council


_#_Judicial branch: highest local court is the Court of Appeals
based in Martinique with jurisdiction over Martinique, Guadeloupe, and
French Guiana


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - President Francois MITTERRAND (since 21 May
1981);

Head of Government - Commissioner of the Republic Jean-Francois
DI CHIARA (since NA 1990)


_#_Political parties and leaders:
Guianese Socialist Party (PSG), Gerard HOLDER;
Rally for the Republic (RPR), Paulin BRUNE;
Guyanese Democratic Action (ADG), Andre Lecante;
Union for French Democracy (UDF), Claude Ho A CHUCK;
National Front (FN), Guy MALON;
Popular and National Party of Guiana (PNPG), Claude ROBO;
National Anti-Colonist Guianese Party (PANGA), Michel KAPEL


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


_#_Elections:

Regional Council - last held 16 March 1986 (next to be
held NA 1991);
results - PSG 43%, RPR 27.7%, ADG 12.2%, UDF 8.9%, FN 3.7%,
PNPG 1.4%, other 3.1%;
seats - (31 total) PSG 15, RPR 9, ADG 4, UDF 3;

French Senate - last held 24 September 1989 (next to be held
September 1992);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (1 total) PSG 1;

French National Assembly - last held 24 September 1989 (next to be
held September 1992);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (2 total) PSG 1, RPR 1


_#_Communists: Communist party membership negligible


_#_Member of: FZ, WCL, WFTU


_#_Diplomatic representation: as an overseas department of France
the interests of French Guiana are represented in the US by France


_#_Flag: the flag of France is used


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: The economy is tied closely to that of France through
subsidies and imports. Besides the French space center at Kourou, fishing
and forestry are the most important economic activities, with exports
of fish and fish products (mostly shrimp) accounting for more than 60%
of total revenue in 1987. The large reserves of tropical hardwoods, not
fully exploited, support an expanding sawmill industry that provides sawn
logs for export. Cultivation of crops - rice, cassava, bananas, and
sugarcane - are limited to the coastal area, where the population is
largely concentrated. French Guiana is heavily dependent on imports
of food and energy. Unemployment is a serious problem, particularly
among younger workers.


_#_GDP: $186 million, per capita $2,240; real growth rate NA% (1985)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.1% (1987)


_#_Unemployment rate: 15% (1987)


_#_Budget: revenues $735 million; expenditures $735 million, including
capital expenditures of NA (1987)


_#_Exports: $54.0 million (f.o.b., 1987);

commodities - shrimp, timber, rum, rosewood essence;

partners - France 31%, US 22%, Japan 10% (1987)


_#_Imports: $394.0 million (c.i.f., 1987);

commodities - food (grains, processed meat), other consumer goods,
producer goods, petroleum;

partners - France 62%, Trinidad and Tobago 9%, US 4%, FRG 3%
(1987)


_#_External debt: $1.2 billion (1988)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate NA%


_#_Electricity: 92,000 kW capacity; 185 million kWh produced,
1,890 kWh per capita (1990)


_#_Industries: construction, shrimp processing, forestry products,
rum, gold mining


_#_Agriculture: some vegetables for local consumption; rice, corn,
manioc, cocoa, bananas, sugar; livestock - cattle, pigs, poultry


_#_Economic aid: Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral
commitments (1970-87), $1.25 billion


_#_Currency: French franc (plural - francs); 1 French franc (F) = 100
centimes


_#_Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1 - 5.1307 (January 1991),
5.4453 (1990), 6.3801 (1989), 5.9569 (1988), 6.0107 (1987), 6.9261
(1986), 8.9852 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Highways: 680 km total; 510 km paved, 170 km improved and
unimproved earth


_#_Inland waterways: 460 km, navigable by small oceangoing vessels and
river and coastal steamers; 3,300 km possibly navigable by native craft


_#_Ports: Cayenne


_#_Civil air: no major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 10 total, 10 usable; 5 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 1 with
runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: fair open wire and radio relay system;
18,100 telephones; stations - 5 AM, 7 FM, 9 TV; 1 Atlantic Ocean
INTELSAT earth station


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: French Forces, Gendarmerie


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49 28,650; 18,903 fit for military
service


_#_Note: defense is the responsibility of France
_%_
[email protected]_French Polynesia
(overseas territory of France)
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 3,941 km2; land area: 3,660 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly less than one-third the size of
Connecticut


_#_Land boundaries: none


_#_Coastline: 2,525 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Climate: tropical, but moderate


_#_Terrain: mixture of rugged high islands and low islands with reefs


_#_Natural resources: timber, fish, cobalt


_#_Land use: arable land 1%; permanent crops 19%; meadows and
pastures 5%; forest and woodland 31%; other 44%


_#_Environment: occasional cyclonic storm in January; includes five
archipelagoes


_#_Note: Makatea in French Polynesia is one of the three great
phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Banaba
(Ocean Island) in Kiribati and Nauru


_*_People
_#_Population: 195,046 (July 1991), growth rate 2.5% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 31 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 6 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 22 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 66 years male, 71 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 3.9 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - French Polynesian(s); adjective - French
Polynesian


_#_Ethnic divisions: Polynesian 78%, Chinese 12%, local French 6%,
metropolitan French 4%


_#_Religion: mainly Christian; Protestant 54%, Roman Catholic 30%,
other 16%


_#_Language: French (official), Tahitian


_#_Literacy: 98% (male 98%, female 98%) age 14 and over but definition
of literacy not available (1977)


_#_Labor force: 76,630 employed (1988)


_#_Organized labor: NA


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Territory of French Polynesia


_#_Type: overseas territory of France since 1946


_#_Capital: Papeete


_#_Administrative divisions: none (overseas territory of France);
there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US
Government, but there are 5 archipelagic divisions named
Archipel des Marquises, Archipel des Tuamotu, Archipel des Tubuai, Iles
du Vent, and Iles Sous-le-Vent; note - Clipperton Island is administered
from French Polynesia and may have become a dependency of French
Polynesia


_#_Independence: none (overseas territory of France)


_#_Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)


_#_Legal system: based on French system


_#_National holiday: Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)


_#_Executive branch: French president, high commissioner of the
republic, president of the Council of Ministers, vice president of the
Council of Ministers, Council of Ministers


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral Territorial Assembly


_#_Judicial branch: Court of Appeal


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - President Francois MITTERRAND (since
21 May 1981); High Commissioner of the Republic Jean MONTPEZAT
(since NA November 1987);

Head of Government - President of the Council of Ministers
Gaston FLOSSE (since 10 May 1991);
Vice President of the Council of Ministers NA


_#_Political parties and leaders:
People's Rally (Tahoeraa Huiraatira; Gaullist), Gaston FLOSSE;
Polynesian Union Party (Te Tiarama; centrist), Alexandre LEONTIEFF;
New Fatherland Party (Ai'a Api), Emile VERNAUDON;
Polynesian Liberation Front (Tavini Huiraatira), Oscar TEMARU;
other small parties


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


_#_Elections:

Territorial Assembly - last held 17 March 1991 (next to be held
March 1996); results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (41 total) People's Rally (Gaullist) 18, Polynesian Union Party
14, New Fatherland Party 5, other 4;

French Senate - last held 24 September 1989 (next to be held
September 1992); results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (1 total) party NA;

French National Assembly last held 5 and 12 June 1988 (next to be
held June 1993); results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (2 total) People's Rally (Gaullist) 1, New Fatherland Party 1


_#_Member of: FZ, SPC, WMO


_#_Diplomatic representation: as an overseas territory of France,
French Polynesian interests are represented in the US by France


_#_Flag: the flag of France is used


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Since 1962, when France stationed military personnel in
the region, French Polynesia has changed from a subsistence economy to
one in which a high proportion of the work force is either employed by
the military or supports the tourist industry. Tourism accounts for about
20% of GDP and is a primary source of hard currency earnings.


_#_GDP: $1.2 billion, per capita $6,300; real growth rate NA% (1990
est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.3% (1989 est.)


_#_Unemployment rate: 8% (1986 est.)


_#_Budget: revenues $614 million; expenditures $957 million, including
capital expenditures of $NA (1988)


_#_Exports: $75 million (f.o.b., 1988);

commodities - coconut products 79%, mother-of-pearl 14%, vanilla,
shark meat;

partners - France 54%, US 17%, Japan 17%


_#_Imports: $806 million (c.i.f., 1988);

commodities - fuels, foodstuffs, equipment;

partners - France 53%, US 11%, Australia 6%, NZ 5%


_#_External debt: $NA


_#_Industrial production: growth rate NA%


_#_Electricity: 72,000 kW capacity; 265 million kWh produced,
1,390 kWh per capita (1990)


_#_Industries: tourism, pearls, agricultural processing, handicrafts


_#_Agriculture: coconut and vanilla plantations; vegetables and fruit;
poultry, beef, dairy products


_#_Economic aid: Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral
commitments (1970-88), $3.95 billion


_#_Currency: Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique franc (plural - francs);
1 CFP franc (CFPF) = 100 centimes


_#_Exchange rates: Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (CFPF) per
US$1 - 93.28 (January 1991), 99.00 (1990), 115.99 (1989), 108.30 (1988),
109.27 (1987), 125.92 (1986), 163.35 (1985); note - linked at the rate of
18.18 to the French franc


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Highways: 600 km (1982)


_#_Ports: Papeete, Bora-bora


_#_Merchant marine: 3 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 4,128
GRT/6,710 DWT; includes 1 passenger-cargo, 1 cargo, 1 refrigerated cargo;
note - a captive subset of the French register


_#_Civil air: about 6 major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 43 total, 41 usable; 23 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 2 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 12 with
runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: 33,200 telephones; 84,000 radio receivers;
26,400 TV sets; stations - 5 AM, 2 FM, 6 TV; 1 Pacific Ocean INTELSAT
earth station


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 50,844; NA fit for military
service

_#_Note: defense is responsibility of France
_%_
[email protected]_French Southern and Antarctic Lands
(overseas territory of France)
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 7,781 km2; land area: 7,781 km2; includes Ile
Amsterdam, Ile Saint-Paul, Iles Kerguelen, and Iles Crozet;
excludes Terre Adelie claim of about 500,000 km2 in Antarctica
that is not recognized by the US


_#_Comparative area: slightly less than 1.5 times the size of Delaware


_#_Land boundaries: none


_#_Coastline: 1,232 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm (Iles Kerguelen only);

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Disputes: Terre Adelie claim in Antarctica is not recognized by
the US


_#_Climate: antarctic


_#_Terrain: volcanic


_#_Natural resources: fish, crayfish


_#_Land use: arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and pastures
0%; forest and woodland 0%; other 100%


_#_Environment: Ile Amsterdam and Ile Saint-Paul are extinct
volcanoes


_#_Note: located in the southern Indian Ocean about equidistant
between Africa, Antarctica, and Australia


_*_People
_#_Population: summer (January 1991) - 180, winter (July 1991) - 150,
growth rate 0.0% (1991);
note - mostly researchers


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Territory of the French Southern and Antarctic
Lands


_#_Type: overseas territory of France since 1955; governed by High
Administrator Bernard de GOUTTES (since NA May 1990), who is
assisted by a 7-member Consultative Council and a 12-member Scientific
Council


_#_Administrative divisions: none (overseas territory of France);
there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by
the US Government, but there are 3 districts named Ile Crozet, Iles
Kerguelen, and Iles Saint-Paul et Amsterdam; excludes Terre Adelie
claim in Antarctica that is not recognized by the US


_#_Flag: the flag of France is used


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Economic activity is limited to servicing meteorological
and geophysical research stations and French and other fishing fleets.
The fishing catches landed on Iles Kerguelen by foreign ships are
exported to France and Reunion.


_#_Budget: $33.6 million (1990)


_*_Communications
_#_Ports: none; offshore anchorage only


_#_Merchant marine: 12 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling
220,392 GRT/350,131 DWT; includes 2 cargo, 3 refrigerated cargo,
2 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 1 petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) tanker,
2 liquefied gas, 2 bulk; note - a captive subset of the French register


_#_Telecommunications: NA


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: French Forces (including Army, Navy, Air Force)


_#_Note: defense is the responsibility of France
_%_
[email protected]_Gabon
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 267,670 km2; land area: 257,670 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly smaller than Colorado


_#_Land boundaries: 2,551 km total; Cameroon 298 km, Congo 1,903 km,
Equatorial Guinea 350 km


_#_Coastline: 885 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: 24 nm;

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Disputes: maritime boundary dispute with Equatorial Guinea
because of disputed sovereignty over islands in Corisco Bay


_#_Climate: tropical; always hot, humid


_#_Terrain: narrow coastal plain; hilly interior; savanna in east and
south


_#_Natural resources: crude oil, manganese, uranium, gold, timber,
iron ore


_#_Land use: arable land 1%; permanent crops 1%; meadows and pastures
18%; forest and woodland 78%; other 2%


_#_Environment: deforestation


_*_People
_#_Population: 1,079,980 (July 1991), growth rate 1.4% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 28 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 14 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 104 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 51 years male, 56 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 4.0 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Gabonese (sing., pl.); adjective - Gabonese


_#_Ethnic divisions: about 40 Bantu tribes, including four major
tribal groupings (Fang, Eshira, Bapounou, Bateke); about 100,000
expatriate Africans and Europeans, including 27,000 French


_#_Religion: Christian 55-75%, Muslim less than 1%, remainder animist


_#_Language: French (official), Fang, Myene, Bateke, Bapounou/Eschira,
Bandjabi


_#_Literacy: 61% (male 74%, female 48%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1990 est.)


_#_Labor force: 120,000 salaried; agriculture 65.0%, industry and
commerce 30.0%, services 2.5%, government 2.5%; 58% of population of
working age (1983)


_#_Organized labor: there are 38,000 members of the national trade
union, the Gabonese Trade Union Confederation (COSYGA)


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Gabonese Republic


_#_Type: republic; multiparty presidential regime (opposition parties
legalized 1990)


_#_Capital: Libreville


_#_Administrative divisions: 9 provinces; Estuaire, Haut-Ogooue,
Moyen-Ogooue, Ngounie, Nyanga, Ogooue-Ivindo, Ogooue-Lolo,
Ogooue-Maritime, Woleu-Ntem


_#_Independence: 17 August 1960 (from France)


_#_Constitution: 21 February 1961, revised 15 April 1975


_#_Legal system: based on French civil law system and customary law;
judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Chamber of the
Supreme Court; compulsory ICJ jurisdiction not accepted


_#_National holiday: Renovation Day (Gabonese Democratic Party
established), 12 March (1968)


_#_Executive branch: president, prime minister, Cabinet


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (Assemblee
Nationale)


_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - President El Hadj Omar BONGO (since 2 December
1967);

Head of Government - Prime Minister Casimir OYE-MBA (since 3
May 1990)


_#_Political parties and leaders: Gabonese Democratic Party (PDG,
former sole party), El Hadj Omar BONGO, president;
National Recovery Movement-Lumberjacks (Morena-Bucherons);
Gabonese Party for Progress (PGP);
National Recovery Movement (Morena-Original);
Association for Socialism in Gabon (APSG);
Gabonese Socialist Union (USG);
Circle for Renewal and Progress (CRP);
Union for Democracy and Development (UDD)


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 21


_#_Elections:

President - last held on 9 November 1986 (next to be held
November 1993);
results - President Omar BONGO was reelected without opposition;

National Assembly - last held on 28 October 1990 (next to be
held by February 1992);
results - percent of vote NA;
seats - (120 total, 111 elected) PDG 62, National Recovery
Movement-Lumberjacks (Morena-Bucherons) 19, PGP 18, National Recovery
Movement (Morena-Original) 7, ASPG 6, USG 4, CRP 1, independent 3


_#_Communists: no organized party; probably some Communist
sympathizers


_#_Member of: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, BDEAC, CCC, CEEAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-24,
G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO,
INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, LORCS (associate), NAM,
OAU, OIC, OPEC, UDEAC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO,
WMO, WTO


_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador-designate Alexandre
SAMBAT; Chancery at 2034 20th Street NW, Washington DC 20009; telephone
(202) 797-1000;

US - Ambassador Keith L. WAUCHOPE; Embassy at Boulevard de la Mer,
Libreville (mailing address is B. P. 4000, Libreville); telephone 762003
or 762004, 743492


_#_Flag: three equal horizontal bands of green (top), yellow, and blue


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: The economy, dependent on timber and manganese until
the early 1970s, is now dominated by the oil sector. During the period
1981-85 oil accounted for about 46% of GDP, 83% of export earnings, and
65% of government revenues on average. The high oil prices of the early
1980s contributed to a substantial increase in per capita income,
stimulated domestic demand, reinforced migration from rural to urban
areas, and raised the level of real wages to among the highest in
Sub-Saharan Africa. The three-year slide of Gabon's economy, which
began with falling oil prices in 1985, was reversed in 1989 because of a
near doubling of oil prices over their 1988 lows. In 1990 the economy
continued to grow, but debt servicing problems are hindering economic
advancement. The agricultural and industrial sectors are relatively
underdeveloped, except for oil.


_#_GDP: $3.3 billion, per capita $3,090; real growth rate 13% (1990
est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3% (1989 est.)


_#_Unemployment rate: NA%


_#_Budget: revenues $1.1 billion; expenditures $1.5 billion,
including capital expenditures of $277 million (1990 est.)


_#_Exports: $1.16 billion (f.o.b., 1989);

commodities - crude oil 70%, manganese 11%, wood 12%, uranium 6%;

partners - France 53%, US 22%, FRG, Japan


_#_Imports: $0.78 billion (c.i.f., 1989);

commodities - foodstuffs, chemical products, petroleum products,
construction materials, manufactures, machinery;

partners - France 48%, US 2.6%, FRG, Japan, UK


_#_External debt: $3.4 billion (December 1990 est.)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate - 10% (1988 est.)


_#_Electricity: 310,000 kW capacity; 980 million kWh produced,
920 kWh per capita (1989)


_#_Industries: petroleum, food and beverages, timber, cement
plywood, textiles, mining - manganese, uranium, gold)


_#_Agriculture: accounts for 10% of GDP (including fishing and
forestry); cash crops - cocoa, coffee, palm oil; livestock not developed;
importer of food; small fishing operations provide a catch of about
20,000 metric tons; okoume (a tropical softwood) is the most important
timber product


_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $66
million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-88), $1.9 billion; Communist countries (1970-89), $27 million


_#_Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc
(plural - francs); 1 CFA franc (CFAF) = 100 centimes


_#_Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (CFAF)
per US$1 - 253.32 (December 1990), 171.26 (1990), 319.01 (1989), 297.85
(1988), 300.54 (1987), 346.30 (1986), 449.26 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Railroads: 649 km 1.437-meter standard-gauge single track
(Transgabonese Railroad)


_#_Highways: 7,500 km total; 560 km paved, 960 km laterite, 5,980 km
earth


_#_Inland waterways: 1,600 km perennially navigable


_#_Pipelines: crude oil, 270 km; refined products, 14 km


_#_Ports: Owendo, Port-Gentil, Libreville


_#_Merchant marine: 2 cargo ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 18,563
GRT/25,330 DWT


_#_Civil air: 11 major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 73 total, 61 usable; 10 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 2 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 22 with
runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: adequate system of open-wire, radio relay,
tropospheric scatter links and radiocommunication stations; 13,800
telephones; stations - 6 AM, 6 FM, 8 TV; satellite earth stations - 2
Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT and 12 domestic satellite


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Presidential Guard, paramilitary
Gendarmerie, National Police


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 266,472; 133,648 fit for
military service; 9,634 reach military age (20) annually


_#_Defense expenditures: $102 million, 3.2% of GDP (1990 est.)
_%_
[email protected]_The Gambia
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 11,300 km2; land area: 10,000 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly more than twice the size of Delaware


_#_Land boundary: 740 km with Senegal


_#_Coastline: 80 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: 18 nm;

Continental shelf: not specific;

Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Disputes: short section of boundary with Senegal is indefinite


_#_Climate: tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler,
dry season (November to May)


_#_Terrain: flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills


_#_Natural resources: fish


_#_Land use: arable land 16%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and pastures
9%; forest and woodland 20%; other 55%; includes irrigated 3%



Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyThe 1991 CIA World Factbook → online text (page 26 of 89)