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The 1991 CIA World Factbook online

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partners - EC 52.7% (France 12%, Netherlands 11%, Italy 10%, UK 7%,
Belgium-Luxembourg 7%), other West Europe 15%, US 6%, Japan 6%, Eastern
Europe 5%, OPEC 3% (1987);

East - $30.0 billion (f.o.b., 1989);

commodities - fuels and metals 40%, machinery and transport
equipment 29%, chemical products and building materials 9%;

partners - USSR and Eastern Europe 65%, FRG 12.7%, EC 6.0%,
US 0.3% (1989)


_#_External debt:
West - $500 million (June 1988);
East - $20.6 billion (1989)


_#_Industrial production: growth rates, West - 3.3% (1988);
East - 2.7% (1989 est.)


_#_Electricity: 133,000,000 kW capacity; 580,000 million kWh produced,
7,390 kWh per capita (1990)


_#_Industries:
West - among world's largest producers of iron, steel, coal, cement,
chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics;
food and beverages;
East - metal fabrication, chemicals, brown coal, shipbuilding, machine
building, food and beverages, textiles, petroleum


_#_Agriculture:
West - accounts for about 2% of GDP (including fishing and forestry);
diversified crop and livestock farming; principal crops and livestock
include potatoes, wheat, barley, sugar beets, fruit, cabbage, cattle,
pigs, poultry; net importer of food; fish catch of 202,000 metric tons
in 1987;
East - accounts for about 10% of GNP (including fishing and forestry);
principal crops - wheat, rye, barley, potatoes, sugar beets, fruit;
livestock products include pork, beef, chicken, milk, hides and skins;
net importer of food; fish catch of 193,600 metric tons in 1987


_#_Economic aid:
West - donor - ODA and OOF commitments (1970-89), $75.5 billion;
East - donor - $4.0 billion extended bilaterally to non-Communist less
developed countries (1956-88)


_#_Currency: deutsche mark (plural - marks);
1 deutsche mark (DM) = 100 pfennige


_#_Exchange rates: deutsche marks (DM) per US$1 - 1.5100 (January
1991), 1.6157 (1990), 1.8800 (1989), 1.7562 (1988), 1.7974 (1987), 2.1715
(1986), 2.9440 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Railroads:
West - 31,443 km total; 27,421 km government owned, 1.435-meter
standard gauge (12,491 km double track, 11,501 km electrified);
4,022 km nongovernment owned, including 3,598 km 1.435-meter standard
gauge (214 km electrified) and 424 km 1.000-meter gauge (186 km
electrified);
East - 14,025 km total; 13,750 km 1.435-meter standard gauge,
275 km 1.000-meter or other narrow gauge; 3,830 (est.) km 1.435-meter
double-track standard gauge; 3,475 km overhead electrified (1988)


_#_Highways:
West - 466,305 km total; 169,568 km primary, includes 6,435 km
autobahn, 32,460 km national highways (Bundesstrassen), 65,425 km state
highways (Landesstrassen), 65,248 km county roads (Kreisstrassen);
296,737 km of secondary communal roads (Gemeindestrassen);
East - 124,604 km total; 47,203 km concrete, asphalt, stone block,
of which 1,855 km are autobahn and limited access roads, 11,326 are trunk
roads, and 34,022 are regional roads; 77,401 municipal roads (1988)


_#_Inland waterways:
West - 5,222 km, of which almost 70% are usable by craft of 1,000-metric
ton capacity or larger; major rivers include the Rhine and Elbe; Kiel
Canal is an important connection between the Baltic Sea and North Sea;
East - 2,319 km (1988)


_#_Pipelines: crude oil 3,644 km, refined products 3,946 km,
natural gas 97,564 km (1988)


_#_Ports: maritime - Bremerhaven, Brunsbuttel, Cuxhaven, Emden,
Bremen, Hamburg, Kiel, Lubeck, Wilhelmshaven, Rostock, Wismar,
Stralsund, Sassnitz; inland - 31 major


_#_Merchant marine: 598 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 5,029,615
GRT/6,391,875 DWT; includes 3 passenger, 5 short-sea passenger,
315 cargo, 11 refrigerated cargo, 126 container, 1 multifunction
large-load carrier, 33 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 5 railcar carrier,
6 barge carrier, 11 petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) tanker,
27 chemical tanker, 21 liquefied gas tanker, 5 combination ore/oil,
14 combination bulk, 15 bulk; note - the German register includes
ships of the former East Germany and West Germany; during 1991 the
fleet is expected to undergo major restructuring as now-surplus
ships are sold off


_#_Civil air: 239 major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 655 total, 647 usable; 312 with permanent-surface
runways; 4 with runways over 3,659 m; 86 with runways 2,440-3,659 m;
95 with runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications:
West - highly developed, modern telecommunication service to all parts of
the country; fully adequate in all respects; 41,740,000 telephones;
stations - 70 AM, 205 (370 relays) FM, 300 (6,422 relays) TV; 6 submarine
coaxial cables; earth stations operating in INTELSAT (12 Atlantic Ocean,
2 Indian Ocean), EUTELSAT, and domestic systems;

East - 3,970,000 telephones; stations - 23 AM, 17 FM, 21 TV (15 Soviet TV
relays); 6,181,860 TVs; 6,700,000 radios; at least 1 earth station


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Federal Border Police


_#_Manpower availability: - males 15-49, 20,219,289; 17,557,807 fit for
military service; 415,108 reach military age (18) annually


_#_Defense expenditures: $47.1 billion, 4.7% of GDP (1990)
_%_
[email protected]_Ghana
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 238,540 km2; land area: 230,020 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly smaller than Oregon


_#_Land boundaries: 2,093 km total; Burkina 548 km, Ivory Coast
668 km, Togo 877 km


_#_Coastline: 539 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: 24 nm;

Continental shelf: 200 nm;

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Climate: tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast
coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north


_#_Terrain: mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central
area


_#_Natural resources: gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite,
manganese, fish, rubber


_#_Land use: arable land 5%; permanent crops 7%; meadows and pastures
15%; forest and woodland 37%; other 36%; includes irrigated NEGL%


_#_Environment: recent drought in north severely affecting marginal
agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; dry,
northeasterly harmattan wind (January to March)


_#_Note: Lake Volta is world's largest artificial lake


_*_People
_#_Population: 15,616,934 (July 1991), growth rate 3.2% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 46 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 13 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: - 1 migrant/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 86 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 53 years male, 56 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 6.3 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Ghanaian(s); adjective - Ghanaian


_#_Ethnic divisions: black African 99.8% (major tribes - Akan 44%,
Moshi-Dagomba 16%, Ewe 13%, Ga 8%), European and other 0.2%


_#_Religion: indigenous beliefs 38%, Muslim 30%, Christian 24%,
other 8%


_#_Language: English (official); African languages include Akan,
Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga


_#_Literacy: 60% (male 70%, female 51%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1990 est.)


_#_Labor force: 3,700,000; agriculture and fishing 54.7%, industry
18.7%, sales and clerical 15.2%, services, transportation, and
communications 7.7%, professional 3.7%; 48% of population of working age
(1983)


_#_Organized labor: 467,000 (about 13% of labor force)


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Republic of Ghana


_#_Type: military


_#_Capital: Accra


_#_Administrative divisions: 10 regions; Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo,
Central, Eastern, Greater Accra, Northern, Upper East, Upper West, Volta,
Western


_#_Independence: 6 March 1957 (from UK, formerly Gold Coast)


_#_Constitution: 24 September 1979; suspended 31 December 1981


_#_Legal system: based on English common law and customary law;
has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


_#_National holiday: Independence Day, 6 March (1957)


_#_Executive branch: chairman of the Provisional National Defense
Council (PNDC), PNDC, Cabinet


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly dissolved after 31
December 1981 coup, and legislative powers were assumed by the
Provisional National Defense Council


_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State and Head of Government - Chairman of the Provisional
National Defense Council Flt. Lt. (Ret.) Jerry John RAWLINGS (since
31 December 1981)


_#_Political parties and leaders: none; political parties outlawed
after 31 December 1981 coup


_#_Suffrage: none


_#_Elections: none


_#_Communists: a small number of Communists and sympathizers


_#_Member of: ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-24, G-77, GATT,
IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL,
IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAU, UN, UNCTAD,
UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIIMOG, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO


_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Dr. Joseph ABBEY; Chancery at
2460 16th Street NW, Washington DC 20009; telephone (202) 462-0761;
there is a Ghanaian Consulate General in New York;

US - Ambassador Raymond C. EWING; Embassy at Ring Road East, East of
Danquah Circle, Accra (mailing address is P. O. Box 194, Accra);
telephone [233] (21) 775347 through 775349


_#_Flag: three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green
with a large black five-pointed star centered in the gold band; uses the
popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia; similar to the flag of Bolivia
which has a coat of arms centered in the yellow band


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Supported by substantial international assistance, Ghana
has been implementing a steady economic rebuilding program since 1983,
including moves toward privatization and relaxation of government
controls. Heavily dependent on cocoa, gold, and timber exports,
economic growth is threatened by a poor cocoa harvest and higher oil
prices in 1991. Rising inflation - unofficially estimated at 50% - could
undermine Ghana's relationships with multilateral lenders. Civil service
wage increases and the cost of peacekeeping forces sent to Liberia are
boosting government expenditures and undercutting structural adjustment
reforms. Ghana opened a stock exchange in 1990.


_#_GNP: $5.8 billion, per capita $380; real growth rate 2.7% (1990
est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 50% (1990 est.)


_#_Unemployment rate: 1.9% (1989)


_#_Budget: revenues $821 million; expenditures $782 million, including
capital expenditures of $151 million (1990 est.)


_#_Exports: $826 million (f.o.b., 1990 est.);

commodities - cocoa 45%, gold, timber, tuna, bauxite, and aluminum;

partners - US 23%, UK, other EC


_#_Imports: $1.2 billion (c.i.f., 1990 est.);

commodities - petroleum 16%, consumer goods, foods, intermediate
goods, capital equipment;

partners - US 10%, UK, FRG, France, Japan, South Korea, GDR


_#_External debt: $3.1 billion (1990 est.)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate 7.4% in manufacturing (1989);
accounts for almost 1.5% of GDP


_#_Electricity: 1,172,000 kW capacity; 4,110 million kWh produced,
280 kWh per capita (1989)


_#_Industries: mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, fishing,
aluminum, food processing


_#_Agriculture: accounts for more than 50% of GDP (including fishing
and forestry); the major cash crop is cocoa; other principal crops - rice,
coffee, cassava, peanuts, corn, shea nuts, timber; normally
self-sufficient in food


_#_Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis for the international
drug trade


_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $455
million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-88), $2.3 billion; OPEC bilateral aid (1979-89), $78 million;
Communist countries (1970-89), $106 million


_#_Currency: cedi (plural - cedis); 1 cedi (C) = 100 pesewas


_#_Exchange rates: cedis (C) per US$1 - 342.91 (November 1990), 270.00
(1989), 202.35 (1988), 153.73 (1987), 89.20 (1986), 54.37 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Railroads: 953 km, all 1.067-meter gauge; 32 km double track;
railroads undergoing major renovation


_#_Highways: 28,300 km total; 6,000 km concrete or bituminous surface,
22,300 km gravel, laterite, and improved earth surfaces


_#_Inland waterways: Volta, Ankobra, and Tano Rivers provide 155 km of
perennial navigation for launches and lighters; Lake Volta provides
1,125 km of arterial and feeder waterways


_#_Pipelines: none


_#_Ports: Tema, Takoradi


_#_Merchant marine: 4 cargo ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling
52,016 GRT/66,627 DWT


_#_Civil air: 6 major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 10 total, 9 usable; 5 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 7 with
runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: poor to fair system of open-wire and cable,
radio relay links; 38,000 telephones; stations - 6 AM, no FM, 9 TV;
1 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT earth station


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Police Force, paramilitary Palace
Guard, National Civil Defense Organization


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 3,538,503; 1,983,493 fit for
military service; 169,698 reach military age (18) annually


_#_Defense expenditures: $23 million, 0.5% of GNP (1988)
_%_
[email protected]_Gibraltar
(dependent territory of the UK)
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 6.5 km2; land area: 6.5 km2


_#_Comparative area: about 11 times the size of The Mall in
Washington, DC


_#_Land boundaries: 1.2 km with Spain


_#_Coastline: 12 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Exclusive fishing zone: 3 nm;

Territorial sea: 3 nm


_#_Disputes: source of occasional friction between Spain and the UK


_#_Climate: Mediterranean with mild winters and warm summers


_#_Terrain: a narrow coastal lowland borders The Rock


_#_Natural resources: negligible


_#_Land use: arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and pastures
0%; forest and woodland 0%; other 100%


_#_Environment: natural freshwater sources are meager so large
water catchments (concrete or natural rock) collect rain water


_#_Note: strategic location on Strait of Gibraltar that links
the North Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea


_*_People
_#_Population: 29,613 (July 1991), growth rate 0.1% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 18 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 8 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: - 9 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 6 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 72 years male, 78 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 2.4 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Gibraltarian; adjective - Gibraltar


_#_Ethnic divisions: mostly Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese, and
Spanish descent


_#_Religion: Roman Catholic 74%, Protestant 11% (Church of England 8%,
other 3%), Moslem 8%, Jewish 2%, none or other 5% (1981)


_#_Language: English and Spanish are primary languages; Italian,
Portuguese, and Russian also spoken; English used in the schools and for
official purposes


_#_Literacy: NA% (male NA%, female NA%)


_#_Labor force: about 14,800 (including non-Gibraltar laborers); UK
military establishments and civil government employ nearly 50% of the
labor force


_#_Organized labor: over 6,000


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: none


_#_Type: dependent territory of the UK


_#_Capital: Gibraltar


_#_Administrative divisions: none (dependent territory of the UK)


_#_Independence: none (dependent territory of the UK)


_#_Constitution: 30 May 1969


_#_Legal system: English law


_#_National holiday: Commonwealth Day (second Monday of March),
12 March 1990


_#_Executive branch: British monarch, governor, chief minister,
Gibraltar Council, Council of Ministers (cabinet)


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral House of Assembly


_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court, Court of Appeal


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952),
represented by Governor and Commander in Chief Adm. Sir Derek
REFFELL (since NA 1989);

Head of Government - Chief Minister Joe BOSSANO (since 25 March
1988)


_#_Political parties and leaders:
Socialist Labor Party (SL), Joe BOSSANO;
Gibraltar Labor Party/Association for the Advancement of Civil
Rights (GCL/AACR), Adolfo CANEPA;
Independent Democratic Party, Joe PITALUGA


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18, plus other UK subjects resident six
months or more


_#_Elections:

House of Assembly: last held on 24 March 1988 (next to be held
March 1992);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (18 total, 15 elected) SL 8, GCL/AACR 7


_#_Communists: negligible


_#_Other political or pressure groups: Housewives Association, Chamber
of Commerce, Gibraltar Representatives Organization


_#_Diplomatic representation: none (dependent territory of the UK)


_#_Flag: two horizontal bands of white (top, double-width) and red
with a three-towered red castle in the center of the white band; hanging
from the castle gate is a gold key centered in the red band


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: The economy depends heavily on British defense
expenditures, revenue from tourists, fees for services to shipping, and
revenues from banking and finance activities. Because more than 70% of
the economy is in the public sector, changes in government spending have
a major impact on the level of employment. Construction workers are
particularly affected when government expenditures are cut.


_#_GNP: $182 million, per capita $4,600; real growth rate 5% (FY87)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.6% (1988)


_#_Unemployment rate: NA%


_#_Budget: revenues $136 million; expenditures $139 million, including
capital expenditures of NA (FY88)


_#_Exports: $82 million (1988);

commodities - (principally reexports) petroleum 51%, manufactured
goods 41%, other 8%;

partners - UK, Morocco, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain, US, FRG


_#_Imports: $258 million (1988);

commodities - fuels, manufactured goods, and foodstuffs;

partners - UK, Spain, Japan, Netherlands


_#_External debt: $318 million (1987)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate NA%


_#_Electricity: 47,000 kW capacity; 200 million kWh produced,
6,670 kWh per capita (1990)


_#_Industries: tourism, banking and finance, construction, commerce;
support to large UK naval and air bases; transit trade and supply depot
in the port; light manufacturing of tobacco, roasted coffee, ice, mineral
waters, candy, beer, and canned fish


_#_Agriculture: NA


_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-88), $0.8
million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-88), $187 million


_#_Currency: Gibraltar pound (plural - pounds);
1 Gibraltar pound (5G) = 100 pence


_#_Exchange rates: Gibraltar pounds (5G) per US$1 - 0.5171 (January
1991), 0.5603 (1990), 0.6099 (1989), 0.5614 (1988), 0.6102 (1987), 0.6817
(1986), 0.7714 (1985); note - the Gibraltar pound is at par with the
British pound


_#_Fiscal year: 1 July-30 June


_*_Communications
_#_Railroads: 1.000-meter-gauge system in dockyard area only


_#_Highways: 50 km, mostly good bitumen and concrete


_#_Ports: Gibraltar


_#_Merchant marine: 30 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,399,594
GRT/2,667,656 DWT; includes 6 cargo, 2 refrigerated cargo, 1 container,
10 petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) tanker, 1 chemical tanker,
1 combination oil/ore, 9 bulk; note - a flag of convenience registry


_#_Civil air: 1 major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 1 with permanent-surface runway 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: adequate international radiocommunication
facilities; automatic telephone system with 14,000 telephones;
stations - 1 AM, 6 FM, 4 TV; 1 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT earth station


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: British Army, Royal Navy, Royal Air Force


_#_Note: defense is the responsibility of the UK
_%_
[email protected]_Glorioso Islands
(French possession)
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 5 km2; land area: 5 km2; includes Ile Glorieuse,
Ile du Lys, Verte Rocks, Wreck Rock, and South Rock


_#_Comparative area: about 8.5 times the size of The Mall in
Washington, DC


_#_Land boundaries: none


_#_Coastline: 35.2 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: 12 nm;

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Disputes: claimed by Madagascar


_#_Climate: tropical


_#_Terrain: undetermined


_#_Natural resources: guano, coconuts


_#_Land use: arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and pastures
0%; forest and woodland 0%; other - lush vegetation and coconut palms 100%


_#_Environment: subject to periodic cyclones


_#_Note: located in the Indian Ocean just north of the Mozambique
Channel between Africa and Madagascar


_*_People
_#_Population: uninhabited


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: none


_#_Type: French possession administered by Commissioner of the
Republic Daniel CONSTANTIN, resident in Reunion


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: no economic activity


_*_Communications
_#_Airports: 1 with runway 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Ports: none; offshore anchorage only


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Note: defense is the responsibility of France
_%_
[email protected]_Greece
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 131,940 km2; land area: 130,800 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly smaller than Alabama


_#_Land boundaries: 1,228 km total; Albania 282 km, Bulgaria 494 km,
Turkey 206 km, Yugoslavia 246 km


_#_Coastline: 13,676 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation;

Territorial sea: 6 nm


_#_Disputes: complex maritime and air (but not territorial) disputes
with Turkey in Aegean Sea; Cyprus question; Macedonia question with
Bulgaria and Yugoslavia; Northern Epirus question with Albania


_#_Climate: temperate; mild, wet winters; hot, dry summers


_#_Terrain: mostly mountains with ranges extending into sea as
peninsulas or chains of islands


_#_Natural resources: bauxite, lignite, magnesite, crude oil, marble


_#_Land use: arable land 23%; permanent crops 8%; meadows and pastures
40%; forest and woodland 20%; other 9%; includes irrigated 7%


_#_Environment: subject to severe earthquakes; air pollution;
archipelago of 2,000 islands


_#_Note: strategic location dominating the Aegean Sea and southern
approach to Turkish Straits


_*_People
_#_Population: 10,042,956 (July 1991), growth rate 0.2% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 11 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 9 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 10 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 75 years male, 80 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 1.5 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Greek(s); adjective - Greek


_#_Ethnic divisions: Greek 98%, other 2%; note - the Greek Government
states there are no ethnic divisions in Greece


_#_Religion: Greek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%


_#_Language: Greek (official); English and French widely understood


_#_Literacy: 93% (male 98%, female 89%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1990 est.)


_#_Labor force: 3,860,000; services 43%, agriculture 27%,
manufacturing and mining 20%, construction 7% (1985)


_#_Organized labor: 10-15% of total labor force, 20-25% of urban
labor force


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Hellenic Republic


_#_Type: presidential parliamentary government; monarchy rejected by
referendum 8 December 1974


_#_Capital: Athens


_#_Administrative divisions: 51 departments (nomoi,
singular - nomos); Aitolia kai Akarnania, Akhaia, Argolis,
Arkadhia, Arta, Attiki, Dhodhekanisos, Drama, Evritania,
Evros, Evvoia, Florina, Fokis, Fthiotis, Grevena, Ilia,
Imathia, Ioannina, Iraklion, Kardhitsa, Kastoria, Kavala,
Kefallinia, Kerkira, Khalkidhiki, Khania, Khios, Kikladhes,
Kilkis, Korinthia, Kozani, Lakonia, Larisa, Lasithi,
Lesvos, Levkas, Magnisia, Messinia, Pella, Pieria, Preveza,
Rethimni, Rodhopi, Samos, Serrai, Thesprotia, Thessaloniki,
Trikala, Voiotia, Xanthi, Zakinthos


_#_Independence: 1827 (from the Ottoman Empire)


_#_Constitution: 11 June 1975


_#_Legal system: NA


_#_National holiday: Independence Day (proclamation of the war of
independence), 25 March (1821)


_#_Executive branch: president, prime minister, Cabinet


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral Greek Chamber of Deputies
(Vouli ton Ellinon)



Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyThe 1991 CIA World Factbook → online text (page 28 of 89)