United States. Central Intelligence Agency.

The 1991 CIA World Factbook online

. (page 29 of 89)
Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyThe 1991 CIA World Factbook → online text (page 29 of 89)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court


Chief of State - President Constantinos KARAMANLIS (since 5 May

Head of Government - Prime Minister Constantinos MITSOTAKIS
(since 11 April 1990)

_#_Political parties and leaders:
New Democracy (ND; conservative), Constantinos MITSOTAKIS;
Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK), Andreas PAPANDREOU;
Democratic Renewal (DIANA), Constantine STEFANOPOULOS;
Communist Party (KKE), Aleka PAPARIGA;
Greek Left Party (EAR), Leonidas KYRKOS;
Ecologist-Alternative List, leader NA;
note - KKE and EAR have joined in the Left Alliance, Maria DAMANAKI,

_#_Suffrage: universal and compulsory at age 18


President - last held 4 May 1990 (next to be held May 1995);
results - Constantinos KARAMANLIS was elected by Parliament;

Parliament - last held on 8 April 1990 (next to be held
April 1994);
results - ND 46.89%, PASOK 38.62%, Left Alliance 10.27%, PASOK/Left
Alliance 1.02%, Ecologist-Alternative List 0.77%, DIANA 0.67%,
Muslim independents 0.5%;
seats - (300 total) ND 150, PASOK 123, Left Alliance 19,
PASOK-Left Alliance 4, Muslim independents 2, DIANA 1,
Ecologist-Alternative List 1;
note - one DIANA deputy joined ND in July, giving ND 151 seats; in
November a special electoral court ruled in favor of ND on a
contested seat, giving ND 152 seats and taking one from PASOK (now 122)

_#_Communists: an estimated 60,000 members and sympathizers

NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, OAS (observer), OECD, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,

_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Christos ZACHARAKIS; Chancery
at 2221 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington DC 20008; telephone (202)
667-3168; there are Greek Consulates General in Atlanta, Boston, Chicago,
Los Angeles, New York, and San Francisco, and a Consulate in New Orleans;

US - Ambassador Michael G. SOTIRHOS; Embassy at 91 Vasilissis
Sophias Boulevard, 10160 Athens (mailing address is APO New York
09255-0006); telephone [30] (1) 721-2951 or 721-8401; there is a US
Consulate General in Thessaloniki

_#_Flag: nine equal horizontal stripes of blue (top and bottom)
alternating with white; there is a blue square in the upper hoist-side
corner bearing a white cross; the cross symbolizes Christianity, the
established religion of the country

_#_Overview: Greece has a mixed capitalistic economy with the basic
entrepreneurial system overlaid in 1981-89 by a socialist government
that enlarged the public sector from 55% of GDP in 1981 to about 70%
when Prime Minister Mitsotakis took office. Mitsotakis inherited several
severe economic problems from the preceding socialist and caretaker
governments, which neglected the runaway budget deficit, a ballooning
current account deficit, and accelerating inflation. With only a
two-seat majority in the Chamber of Deputies, Mitsotakis has concentrated
on cutting the public-sector payroll, cautiously expanding the tax base,
and adopting guidelines for privatizing Greece's loss-ridden state-owned
enterprises. Once the political situation is sorted out, Greece will have
to face the challenges posed by the steadily increasing integration of
the European Community, including the progressive lowering of trade and
investment barriers. Tourism continues as a major industry, providing a
vital offset to the sizable commodity trade deficit.

_#_GDP: $76.7 billion, per capita $7,650; real growth rate 0.9%

_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 19.0% (1990)

_#_Unemployment rate: 9.0% (1989)

_#_Budget: revenues $20.9 billion; expenditures $34.1 billion,
including capital expenditures of $NA (1990)

_#_Exports: $9.0 billion (f.o.b., 1990);

commodities - manufactured goods, food and live animals, fuels and
lubricants, raw materials;

partners - FRG 20%, Italy 17%, France 8%, UK 7%, US 6%

_#_Imports: $20.2 billion (c.i.f., 1990);

commodities - machinery and transport equipment, light manufactures,
fuels and lubricants, foodstuffs, chemicals;

partners - FRG 21%, Italy 16%, France 8%, Netherlands 7%, UK 6%

_#_External debt: $18.7 billion (1989)

_#_Industrial production: growth rate - 1.0% (1990 est.); accounts
for 22% of GDP

_#_Electricity: 10,500,000 kW capacity; 36,420 million kWh produced,
3,630 kWh per capita (1989)

_#_Industries: food and tobacco processing, textiles, chemicals, metal
products, tourism, mining, petroleum

_#_Agriculture: including fishing and forestry, accounts for 13% of
GNP and 27% of the labor force; principal products - wheat, corn, barley,
sugar beets, olives, tomatoes, wine, tobacco, potatoes, beef, mutton,
pork, dairy products; self-sufficient in food; fish catch of 135,000
metric tons in 1987

_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-81), $525
million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-88), $1.35 billion

_#_Currency: drachma (plural - drachmas); 1 drachma (Dr) = 100 lepta

_#_Exchange rates: drachma (Dr) per US$1 - 159.87 (January 1991),
158.51 (1990), 162.42 (1989), 141.86 (1988), 135.43 (1987), 139.98
(1986), 138.12 (1985)

_#_Fiscal year: calendar year

_#_Railroads: 2,479 km total; 1,565 km 1.435-meter standard gauge, of
which 36 km electrified and 100 km double track, 892 km 1.000-meter
gauge; 22 km 0.750-meter narrow gauge; all government owned

_#_Highways: 38,938 km total; 16,090 km paved, 13,676 km crushed stone
and gravel, 5,632 km improved earth, 3,540 km unimproved earth

_#_Inland waterways: 80 km; system consists of three coastal canals
and three unconnected rivers

_#_Pipelines: crude oil, 26 km; refined products, 547 km

_#_Ports: Piraeus, Thessaloniki

_#_Merchant marine: 958 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 21,585,048
GRT/39,011,361 DWT; includes 13 passenger, 63 short-sea passenger,
2 passenger-cargo, 152 cargo, 21 container, 17 roll-on/roll-off cargo,
23 refrigerated cargo, 1 vehicle carrier, 185 petroleum, oils, and
lubricants (POL) tanker, 15 chemical tanker, 10 liquefied gas, 25
combination ore/oil, 5 specialized tanker, 407 bulk, 19 combination bulk;
note - ethnic Greeks also own large numbers of ships under the registry of
Liberia, Panama, Cyprus, and Lebanon

_#_Civil air: 35 major transport aircraft

_#_Airports: 81 total, 79 usable; 60 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 20 with runways 2,440-3,659 m;
22 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

_#_Telecommunications: adequate, modern networks reach all areas;
4,122,317 telephones; stations - 30 AM, 17 (20 repeaters) FM, 39 (560
repeaters) TV; 8 submarine cables; satellite earth stations operating in
INTELSAT (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean), EUTELSAT, and MARISAT

_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Hellenic Army, Hellenic Navy, Hellenic Air Force

_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 2,434,762; 1,870,699 fit for
military service; 72,707 reach military age (21) annually

_#_Defense expenditures: $3.7 billion, 5.5% of GDP (1990)
[email protected]_Greenland
(part of the Danish realm)
_#_Total area: 2,175,600 km2; land area: 341,700 km2 (ice free)

_#_Comparative area: slightly more than three times the size of Texas

_#_Land boundaries: none

_#_Coastline: 44,087 km

_#_Maritime claims:

Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 3 nm

_#_Disputes: Denmark has challenged Norway's maritime claims between
Greenland and Jan Mayen

_#_Climate: arctic to subarctic; cool summers, cold winters

_#_Terrain: flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow,
mountainous, barren, rocky coast

_#_Natural resources: zinc, lead, iron ore, coal, molybdenum,
cryolite, uranium, fish

_#_Land use: arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and pastures
1%; forest and woodland NEGL%; other 99%

_#_Environment: sparse population confined to small settlements along
coast; continuous permafrost over northern two-thirds of the island

_#_Note: dominates North Atlantic Ocean between North America and

_#_Population: 56,752 (July 1991), growth rate 1.2% (1991)

_#_Birth rate: 20 births/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Death rate: 8 deaths/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Infant mortality rate: 28 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)

_#_Life expectancy at birth: 63 years male, 69 years female (1991)

_#_Total fertility rate: 2.2 children born/woman (1991)

_#_Nationality: noun - Greenlander(s); adjective - Greenlandic

_#_Ethnic divisions: Greenlander (Eskimos and Greenland-born
Caucasians) 86%, Danish 14%

_#_Religion: Evangelical Lutheran

_#_Language: Eskimo dialects, Danish

_#_Literacy: NA% (male NA%, female NA%)

_#_Labor force: 22,800; largely engaged in fishing, hunting, sheep

_#_Organized labor: NA

_#_Long-form name: none

_#_Type: part of the Danish realm; self-governing overseas
administrative division

_#_Capital: Nuuk (Godthab)

_#_Administrative divisions: 3 municipalities (kommuner,
singular - kommun); Nordgronland, Ostgronland, Vestgronland

_#_Independence: part of the Danish realm; self-governing overseas
administrative division

_#_Constitution: Danish

_#_Legal system: Danish

_#_National holiday: Birthday of the Queen, 16 April (1940)

_#_Executive branch: Danish monarch, high commissioner, home rule
chairman, prime minister, Cabinet (Landsstyre)

_#_Legislative branch: unicameral Landsting

_#_Judicial branch: High Court (Landsret)


Chief of State - Queen MARGRETHE II (since 14 January 1972),
represented by High Commissioner Bent KLINTE (since NA);

Head of Government - Home Rule Chairman Lars Emil JOHANSEN
(since 15 March 1991)

_#_Political parties and leaders: two-party ruling
coalition - Siumut (a moderate socialist party that advocates more
distinct Greenlandic identity and greater autonomy from Denmark), Lars
Emil JOHANSEN, chairman; and Inuit Ataqatigiit (IA; a Marxist-Leninist
party that favors complete independence from Denmark rather than home
Atassut Party (a more conservative party that favors continuing close
relations with Denmark), leader NA;
Polar Party (conservative-Greenland nationalist), leader NA;
Center Party (a new nonsocialist protest party), leader NA

_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


Landsting - last held on 5 March 1991 (next to be held 5 March
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (27 total) Siumut 11, Atassut Party 8, Inuit Ataqatigiit
5, Center Party 2, Polar Party 1;

Danish Folketing - last held on 12 December 1990 (next to be held by
December 1994); Greenland elects two representatives to the Folketing;
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (2 total) Siumut 1, Atassut 1

_#_Member of: NC

_#_Diplomatic representation: none (self-governing overseas
administrative division of Denmark)

_#_Flag: two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red with a
large disk slightly to the hoist side of center - the top half of the
disk is red, the bottom half is white

_#_Overview: Over the past 25 years, the economy has changed from
one based on subsistence whaling, hunting, and fishing to one dependent
on foreign trade. Fishing is still the most important industry,
accounting for over 75% of exports and about 25% of the
population's income. Maintenance of a social welfare system similar to
Denmark's has given the public sector a dominant role in the economy.
In 1990, the economy became critically dependent on shrimp exports and an
annual subsidy (now about $355 million) from the Danish Government
because cod exports had fallen, the zinc and lead mine closed, and
a large promising platinum and gold mine was not yet operational.
Greenland has signed a contract for its largest construction project,
a power plant to supply the capital. To avoid a decline in the economy,
Denmark has agreed to pay 75% of the costs of running Sondrestrom
Airbase and Kulusuk Airfield as civilian bases after the US withdraws
in 1992.

_#_GNP: $500 million, per capita $9,000; real growth rate 5% (1988)

_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.4% (1989)

_#_Unemployment rate: 9% (1990 est.)

_#_Budget: revenues $381 million; expenditures $381 million, including
capital expenditures of $36 million (1989)

_#_Exports: $417 million (f.o.b., 1989 est.);

commodities - fish and fish products 78%, metallic ores and
concentrates 19%;

partners - Denmark 74%, FRG 11%, Sweden 6%

_#_Imports: $394 million (c.i.f., 1989 est.);

commodities - manufactured goods 36%, machinery and transport
equipment 26%, food products 13%, petroleum and petroleum products

partners - Denmark 69%, Norway, FRG, Japan, US, Sweden

_#_External debt: $480 million (1990 est.)

_#_Industrial production: growth rate NA%

_#_Electricity: 84,000 kW capacity; 176 million kWh produced,
3,180 kWh per capita (1989)

_#_Industries: fish processing (mainly shrimp), potential for
platinum and gold mining, handicrafts, shipyards

_#_Agriculture: sector dominated by fishing and sheep raising; crops
limited to forage and small garden vegetables; 1988 fish catch of 133,500
metric tons

_#_Economic aid: none

_#_Currency: Danish krone (plural - kroner); 1 Danish krone (DKr)
= 100 ore

_#_Exchange rates: Danish kroner (DKr) per US$1 - 5.817 (January 1991),
6.189 (1990), 7.310 (1989), 6.732 (1988), 6.840 (1987), 8.091 (1986),
10.596 (1985)

_#_Fiscal year: calendar year

_#_Highways: 80 km

_#_Ports: Kangerluarsoruseq (Faeringehavn), Paamiut (Frederikshaab),
Nuuk (Godthaab), Sisimiut (Holsteinsborg), Julianehaab, Maarmorilik,
North Star Bay

_#_Merchant marine: 1 refrigerated cargo (1,000 GRT or over) totaling
1,021 GRT/1,778 DWT; note - operates under the registry of Denmark

_#_Civil air: 2 major transport aircraft

_#_Airports: 11 total, 8 usable; 5 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 2 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 2 with
runways 1,220-2,439 m

_#_Telecommunications: adequate domestic and international service
provided by cables and radio relay; 17,900 telephones; stations - 5 AM,
7 (35 relays) FM, 4 (9 relays) TV; 2 coaxial submarine cables; 1 Atlantic
Ocean INTELSAT earth station

_*_Defense Forces
_#_Note: defense is responsibility of Denmark
[email protected]_Grenada
_#_Total area: 340 km2; land area: 340 km2

_#_Comparative area: slightly less than twice the size of Washington,

_#_Land boundaries: none

_#_Coastline: 121 km

_#_Maritime claims:

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm

_#_Climate: tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds

_#_Terrain: volcanic in origin with central mountains

_#_Natural resources: timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors

_#_Land use: arable land 15%; permanent crops 26%; meadows and
pastures 3%; forest and woodland 9%; other 47%

_#_Environment: lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season
lasts from June to November

_#_Note: islands of the Grenadines group are divided politically
with Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

_#_Population: 83,812 (July 1991), growth rate - 0.4% (1991)

_#_Birth rate: 35 births/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Death rate: 7 deaths/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Net migration rate: - 32 migrants/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Infant mortality rate: 29 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)

_#_Life expectancy at birth: 69 years male, 74 years female (1991)

_#_Total fertility rate: 4.7 children born/woman (1991)

_#_Nationality: noun - Grenadian(s); adjective - Grenadian

_#_Ethnic divisions: mainly of black African descent

_#_Religion: largely Roman Catholic; Anglican; other Protestant sects

_#_Language: English (official); some French patois

_#_Literacy: 98% (male 98%, female 98%) age 15 and over having ever
attended school (1970)

_#_Labor force: 36,000; services 31%, agriculture 24%, construction
8%, manufacturing 5%, other 32% (1985)

_#_Organized labor: 20% of labor force

_#_Long-form name: none

_#_Type: parliamentary democracy

_#_Capital: Saint George's

_#_Administrative divisions: 6 parishes and 1 dependency*; Carriacou
and Little Martinique*, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint
John, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick

_#_Independence: 7 February 1974 (from UK)

_#_Constitution: 19 December 1973

_#_Legal system: based on English common law

_#_National holiday: Independence Day, 7 February (1974)

_#_Executive branch: British monarch, governor general, prime
minister, Ministers of Government (cabinet)

_#_Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of an upper
house or Senate and a lower house or House of Representatives

_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court


Chief of State - Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952),
represented by Governor General Sir Paul SCOON (since 30 September 1978);

Head of Government - Prime Minister Nicholas BRATHWAITE
(since 13 March 1990)

_#_Political parties and leaders:
National Democratic Congress (NDC), Nicholas BRATHWAITE;
Grenada United Labor Party (GULP), Sir Eric GAIRY;
The National Party (TNP), Ben JONES; New National Party (NNP), Keith
Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement (MBPM), Terrence MERRYSHOW;
New Jewel Movement (NJM), Bernard COARD

_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


House of Representatives - last held on 13 March 1990 (next
to be held by March 1996);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (15 total) NDC 8, GULP 3, TNP 2, NNP 2

_#_Communists: about 450 members of the New Jewel Movement
(pro-Soviet) and the Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement (pro-Cuban)

_#_Member of: ACP, C, CARICOM, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO,

_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Denneth MODESTE; Chancery at
1701 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington DC 20009; telephone (202)
265-2561; there is a Grenadian Consulate General in New York;

US - Charge d'Affaires Annette VELER; Embassy at Ross Point Inn,
Saint George's (mailing address is P. O. Box 54, Saint George's);
telephone (809) 444-1173 through 1178

_#_Flag: a rectangle divided diagonally into yellow triangles (top and
bottom) and green triangles (hoist side and outer side) with a red border
around the flag; there are seven yellow five-pointed stars with three
centered in the top red border, three centered in the bottom red border,
and one on a red disk superimposed at the center of the flag; there is
also a symbolic nutmeg pod on the hoist-side triangle (Grenada is the
world's second-largest producer of nutmeg, after Indonesia); the seven
stars represent the seven administrative divisions

_#_Overview: The economy is essentially agricultural and centers on
the traditional production of spices and tropical plants. Agriculture
accounts for about 16% of GDP and 80% of exports and employs 24% of the
labor force. Tourism is the leading foreign exchange earner, followed by
agricultural exports. Manufacturing remains relatively undeveloped, but
is expected to grow, given a more favorable private investment climate
since 1983. Despite an impressive average annual growth rate for the
economy of 5.6% during the period 1986-90, unemployment remains high
at about 25%.

_#_GDP: $200.7 million, per capita $2,390 (1989); real growth rate
5.4% (1990)

_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 7.0% (1990)

_#_Unemployment rate: 25% (1990 est.)

_#_Budget: revenues $54.9 million; expenditures $77.6 million,
including capital expenditures of $16.6 million (1990 est.)

_#_Exports: $27.9 million (f.o.b., 1989 est.);

commodities - nutmeg 36%, cocoa beans 9%, bananas 14%, mace 8%,
textiles 5;

partners - US 12%, UK, FRG, Netherlands, Trinidad and Tobago (1989)

_#_Imports: $115.6 million (c.i.f., 1989 est.);

commodities - food 25%, manufactured goods 22%, machinery 20%,
chemicals 10%, fuel 6% (1989);

partners - US 29%, UK, Trinidad and Tobago, Japan, Canada (1989)

_#_External debt: $90 million (1990 est.)

_#_Industrial production: growth rate 5.8% (1989 est.); accounts
for 6% of GDP

_#_Electricity: 12,500 kW capacity; 26 million kWh produced,
310 kWh per capita (1990)

_#_Industries: food and beverage, textile, light assembly operations,
tourism, construction

_#_Agriculture: accounts for 16% of GDP and 80% of exports; bananas,
cocoa, nutmeg, and mace account for two-thirds of total crop production;
world's second-largest producer and fourth-largest exporter of nutmeg
and mace; small-size farms predominate, growing a variety of citrus
fruits, avocados, root crops, sugarcane, corn, and vegetables

_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY84-89), $60
million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-88), $67 million; Communist countries (1970-89), $32 million

_#_Currency: East Caribbean dollar (plural - dollars);
1 EC dollar (EC$) = 100 cents

_#_Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1 - 2.70 (fixed
rate since 1976)

_#_Fiscal year: calendar year

_#_Highways: 1,000 km total; 600 km paved, 300 km otherwise improved;
100 km unimproved

_#_Ports: Saint George's

_#_Civil air: no major transport aircraft

_#_Airports: 3 total, 3 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m;
1 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

_#_Telecommunications: automatic, islandwide telephone system with
5,650 telephones; new SHF links to Trinidad and Tobago and Saint Vincent;
VHF and UHF links to Trinidad and Carriacou; stations - 1 AM, no FM, 1 TV

_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Royal Grenada Police Force, Coast Guard

_#_Manpower availability: NA

_#_Defense expenditures: $NA, NA% of GDP
[email protected]_Guadeloupe
(overseas department of France)
_#_Total area: 1,780 km2; land area: 1,760 km2

_#_Comparative area: 10 times the size of Washington, DC

_#_Land boundaries: none

_#_Coastline: 306 km

_#_Maritime claims:

Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation;

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm

_#_Climate: subtropical tempered by trade winds; relatively high

_#_Terrain: Basse-Terre is volcanic in origin with interior
mountains; Grand-Terre is low limestone formation

_#_Natural resources: cultivable land, beaches, and climate that
foster tourism

_#_Land use: arable land 18%; permanent crops 5%; meadows and
pastures 13%; forest and woodland 40%; other 24%; includes irrigated 1%

_#_Environment: subject to hurricanes (June to October); La
Soufriere is an active volcano

_#_Note: located 500 km southeast of Puerto Rico in the Caribbean Sea

_#_Population: 344,897 (July 1991), growth rate 0.8% (1991)

_#_Birth rate: 20 births/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Death rate: 6 deaths/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Net migration rate: - 5 migrants/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Infant mortality rate: 17 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)

_#_Life expectancy at birth: 70 years male, 77 years female (1991)

_#_Total fertility rate: 2.0 children born/woman (1991)

_#_Nationality: noun - Guadeloupian(s); adjective - Guadeloupe

_#_Ethnic divisions: black or mulatto 90%; white 5%; East Indian,
Lebanese, Chinese less than 5%

_#_Religion: Roman Catholic 95%, Hindu and pagan African 5%

_#_Language: French, creole patois

_#_Literacy: 90% (male 90%, female 91%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1982)

_#_Labor force: 120,000; 53.0% services, government, and commerce,
25.8% industry, 21.2% agriculture

_#_Organized labor: 11% of labor force

_#_Long-form name: Department of Guadeloupe

_#_Type: overseas department of France

_#_Capital: Basse-Terre

_#_Administrative divisions: none (overseas department of France)

_#_Independence: none (overseas department of France)

_#_Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

_#_Legal system: French legal system

Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyThe 1991 CIA World Factbook → online text (page 29 of 89)