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The 1991 CIA World Factbook online

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_#_National holiday: Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)


_#_Executive branch: government commissioner


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral General Council and unicameral
Regional Council


_#_Judicial branch: Court of Appeal (Cour d'Appel) with jurisdiction
over Guadeloupe, French Guiana, and Martinique


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - President Francois MITTERRAND (since
21 May 1981);

Head of Government - Commissioner of the Republic Jean-Paul PROUST
(since November 1989)


_#_Political parties and leaders:
Rally for the Republic (RPR), Marlene CAPTANT;
Communist Party of Guadeloupe (PCG), Christian Medard CELESTE;
Socialist Party (PSG), Dominique LARIFLA;
Independent Republicans;
Union for French Democracy (UDF);
Union for a New Majority (UNM)


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


_#_Elections:

General Council - last held NA 1986 (next to be held by NA 1992);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (42 total) number of seats by party NA;

Regional Council - last held on 16 March 1986 (next to be held
by 16 March 1992);
results - RPR 33.1%, PS 28.7%, PCG 23.8%, UDF 10.7%, other 3.7%;
seats - (41 total) RPR 15, PS 12, PCG 10, UDF 4;

French Senate - last held on 5 and 12 June 1988 (next to be
held June 1994); Guadeloupe elects two representatives;
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (2 total) PCG 1, PS 1;

French National Assembly - last held on 5 and 12 June 1988
(next to be held June 1994); Guadeloupe elects four representatives;
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (4 total) PS 2 seats, RPR 1 seat, PCG 1 seat


_#_Communists: 3,000 est.


_#_Other political or pressure groups: Popular Union for the
Liberation of Guadeloupe (UPLG); Popular Movement for Independent
Guadeloupe (MPGI); General Union of Guadeloupe Workers (UGTG); General
Federation of Guadeloupe Workers (CGT-G); Christian Movement for
the Liberation of Guadeloupe (KLPG)


_#_Member of: FZ, WCL, WFTU


_#_Diplomatic representation: as an overseas department of France,
the interests of Guadeloupe are represented in the US by France


_#_Flag: the flag of France is used


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: The economy depends on agriculture, tourism, light
industry, and services. It is also dependent upon France for large
subsidies and imports. Tourism is a key industry, with most tourists from
the US. In addition, an increasingly large number of cruise ships visit
the islands. The traditionally important sugarcane crop is slowly being
replaced by other crops, such as bananas (which now supply about 50% of
export earnings), eggplant, and flowers. Other vegetables and root crops
are cultivated for local consumption, although Guadeloupe is still
dependent on imported food, which comes mainly from France. Light
industry consists mostly of sugar and rum production. Most manufactured
goods and fuel are imported. Unemployment is especially high among the
young.


_#_GDP: $1.1 billion, per capita $3,300; real growth rate NA% (1987)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.3% (1988)


_#_Unemployment rate: 38% (1987)


_#_Budget: revenues $254 million; expenditures $254 million, including
capital expenditures of NA (1989)


_#_Exports: $153 million (f.o.b., 1988);

commodities - bananas, sugar, rum;

partners - France 68%, Martinique 22% (1987)


_#_Imports: $1.2 billion (c.i.f., 1988);

commodities - vehicles, foodstuffs, clothing and other consumer
goods, construction materials, petroleum products;

partners - France 64%, Italy, FRG, US (1987)


_#_External debt: $NA


_#_Industrial production: growth rate NA%


_#_Electricity: 171,500 kW capacity; 441 million kWh produced,
1,290 kWh per capita (1990)


_#_Industries: construction, cement, rum, sugar, tourism


_#_Agriculture: cash crops - bananas and sugarcane; other products
include tropical fruits and vegetables; livestock - cattle, pigs, and
goats; not self-sufficient in food


_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-88), $4
million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-88), $7.9 billion


_#_Currency: French franc (plural - francs); 1 French franc (F) = 100
centimes


_#_Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1 - 5.1307 (January 1991),
5.4453 (1990), 6.3801 (1989), 5.9569 (1988), 6.0107 (1987), 6.9261
(1986), 8.9852 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Railroads: privately owned, narrow-gauge plantation lines


_#_Highways: 1,940 km total; 1,600 km paved, 340 km gravel and earth


_#_Ports: Pointe-a-Pitre, Basse-Terre


_#_Civil air: 2 major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 9 total, 9 usable, 8 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 1 with
runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: domestic facilities inadequate; 57,300
telephones; interisland radio relay to Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica,
and Martinique; stations - 2 AM, 8 FM (30 private stations licensed to
broadcast FM), 9 TV; 1 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT ground station


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: French Forces, Gendarmerie


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 98,069; NA fit for military
service


_#_Note: defense is responsibility of France
_%_
[email protected]_Guam
(territory of the US)
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 541 km2; land area: 541 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly more than three times the size of
Washington, DC


_#_Land boundaries: none


_#_Coastline: 125.5 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: 12 nm;

Continental shelf: 200 m (depth);

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Climate: tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by
northeast trade winds; dry season from January to June, rainy season
from July to December; little seasonal temperature variation


_#_Terrain: volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively
flat coraline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water) with steep
coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low-rising hills in
center, mountains in south


_#_Natural resources: fishing (largely undeveloped), tourism
(especially from Japan)


_#_Land use: arable land 11%; permanent crops 11%; meadows and
pastures 15%; forest and woodland 18%; other 45%


_#_Environment: frequent squalls during rainy season; subject to
relatively rare, but potentially very destructive typhoons
(especially in August)


_#_Note: largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands
archipelago; strategic location in western North Pacific Ocean 5,955 km
west-southwest of Honolulu about three-quarters of the way between Hawaii
and the Philippines


_*_People
_#_Population: 144,928 (July 1991), growth rate 2.8% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 26 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 4 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: 5 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 12 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 70 years male, 75 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 3.0 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Guamanian(s); adjective - Guamanian


_#_Ethnic divisions: Chamorro 47%, Filipino 25%, Caucasian 10%,
Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and other 18%


_#_Religion: Roman Catholic 98%, other 2%


_#_Language: English and Chamorro, most residents bilingual; Japanese
also widely spoken


_#_Literacy: 96% (male 96%, female 96%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1980)


_#_Labor force: 54,000; government 42%, private 58% (1988)


_#_Organized labor: 13% of labor force


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Territory of Guam


_#_Type: organized, unincorporated territory of the US


_#_Capital: Agana


_#_Administrative divisions: none (territory of the US)


_#_Independence: none (territory of the US)


_#_Constitution: Organic Act of 1 August 1950


_#_Legal system: NA


_#_National holiday: Guam Discovery Day (first Monday in March),
6 March 1989


_#_Executive branch: President of the US, governor,
lieutenant governor, Cabinet


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral Legislature


_#_Judicial branch: Superior Court of Guam (Federal District Court)


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - President George BUSH (since 20 January 1989);

Head of Government - Governor Joseph A. ADA (since NA November
1986); Lieutenant Governor Frank F. BLAS


_#_Political parties and leaders:
Democratic Party (controls the legislature);
Republican Party (party of the Governor)


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18; US citizens, but do not vote in US
presidential elections


_#_Elections:

Governor - last held on 6 November 1990 (next to be held
November 1994);

Legislature - last held on 6 November 1990 (next to be held
November 1992);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (21 total) Democratic 11, Republican 10;

US House of Representatives - last held 6 November
1990 (next to be held November 1992);
Guam elects one nonvoting delegate;
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (1 total) Republican 1


_#_Communists: none


_#_Note: relations between Guam and the US are under the jurisdiction
of the Office of Territorial and International Affairs, US Department of
the Interior


_#_Member of: ESCAP (associate), IOC, SPC


_#_Diplomatic representation: none (territory of the US)


_#_Flag: dark blue with a narrow red border on all four sides;
centered is a red-bordered, pointed, vertical ellipse containing a
beach scene, outrigger canoe with sail, and a palm tree with the word
GUAM superimposed in bold red letters


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: The economy is based on US military spending and on
revenues from tourism. Over the past 20 years the tourist industry has
grown rapidly, creating a construction boom for new hotels and the
expansion of older ones. Visitors numbered about 900,000 in 1990. The
small manufacturing sector includes textile and clothing, beverage, food,
and watch production. About 60% of the labor force works for the private
sector and the rest for government. Most food and industrial goods are
imported, with about 75% from the US. In 1990 the unemployment rate was
about 2%, down from 10% in 1983.


_#_GNP: $1.0 billion, per capita $7,000; real growth rate 18%
(1990 est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 10% (1990)


_#_Unemployment rate: 2% (1990 est.)


_#_Budget: revenues $300 million; expenditures $290 million,
including capital expenditures of $25 million (1990 est.)


_#_Exports: $39 million (f.o.b., 1983);

commodities - mostly transshipments of refined petroleum products,
construction materials, fish, food and beverage products;

partners - US 25%, other 75%


_#_Imports: $611 million (c.i.f., 1983);

commodities - petroleum and petroleum products, food, manufactured
goods;

partners - US 77%, other 23%


_#_External debt: $NA


_#_Industrial production: growth rate NA%


_#_Electricity: 500,000 kW capacity; 2,300 million kWh produced,
16,300 kWh per capita (1990)


_#_Industries: US military, tourism, construction, transshipment,
concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing, textiles


_#_Agriculture: relatively undeveloped with most food imported;
fruits, vegetables, eggs, pork, poultry, beef, copra


_#_Economic aid: NA


_#_Currency: US currency is used


_#_Exchange rates: US currency is used


_#_Fiscal year: 1 October-30 September


_*_Communications
_#_Highways: 674 km all-weather roads


_#_Ports: Apra Harbor


_#_Airports: 5 total, 4 usable; 3 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 3 with runways 2,440-3,659 m;
none with runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: 26,317 telephones (1989); stations - 3 AM,
3 FM, 3 TV; 2 Pacific Ocean INTELSAT ground stations


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Note: defense is the responsibility of the US
_%_
[email protected]_Guatemala
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 108,890 km2; land area: 108,430 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly smaller than Tennessee


_#_Land boundaries: 1,687 km total; Belize 266 km, El Salvador 203 km,
Honduras 256 km, Mexico 962 km


_#_Coastline: 400 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Continental shelf: not specific;

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Disputes: claims Belize, but boundary negotiations to resolve the
dispute are underway


_#_Climate: tropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands


_#_Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal plains and rolling
limestone plateau (Peten)


_#_Natural resources: crude oil, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle


_#_Land use: arable land 12%; permanent crops 4%; meadows and
pastures 12%; forest and woodland 40%; other 32%; includes
irrigated 1%


_#_Environment: numerous volcanoes in mountains, with frequent
violent earthquakes; Caribbean coast subject to hurricanes and other
tropical storms; deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution


_#_Note: no natural harbors on west coast


_*_People
_#_Population: 9,266,018 (July 1991), growth rate 2.5% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 35 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 8 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: - 2 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 58 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 61 years male, 66 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 4.8 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Guatemalan(s); adjective - Guatemalan


_#_Ethnic divisions: Ladino (mestizo - mixed Indian and European
ancestry) 56%, Indian 44%


_#_Religion: predominantly Roman Catholic; also Protestant,
traditional Mayan


_#_Language: Spanish, but over 40% of the population speaks an Indian
language as a primary tongue (18 Indian dialects, including Quiche,
Cakchiquel, Kekchi)


_#_Literacy: 55% (male 63%, female 47%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1990 est.)


_#_Labor force: 2,500,000; agriculture 60%, services 13%,
manufacturing 12%, commerce 7%, construction 4%, transport 3%,
utilities 0.8%, mining 0.4% (1985)


_#_Organized labor: 8% of labor force (1988 est.)


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Republic of Guatemala


_#_Type: republic


_#_Capital: Guatemala


_#_Administrative divisions: 22 departments (departamentos,
singular - departamento); Alta Verapaz, Baja Verapaz, Chimaltenango,
Chiquimula, El Progreso, Escuintla, Guatemala, Huehuetenango, Izabal,
Jalapa, Jutiapa, Peten, Quetzaltenango, Quiche, Retalhuleu,
Sacatepequez, San Marcos, Santa Rosa, Solola, Suchitepequez,
Totonicapan, Zacapa


_#_Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain)


_#_Constitution: 31 May 1985, effective 14 January 1986


_#_Legal system: civil law system; judicial review of legislative
acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


_#_National holiday: Independence Day, 15 September (1821)


_#_Executive branch: president, vice president, Council of Ministers
(cabinet)


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral Congress of the Republic
(Congreso de la Republica)


_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice (Corte Suprema de
Justicia)


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State and Head of Government - President Jorge SERRANO
Elias (since 14 January 1991); Vice President Gustavo ESPINA Salguero
(since 14 January 1991)


_#_Political parties and leaders:
National Centrist Union (UCN), Jorge CARPIO Nicolle;
Solidarity Action Movement (MAS), Jorge SERRANO Elias;
Christian Democratic Party (DCG), Alfonso CABRERA Hidalgo;
National Advancement Party (PAN), Alvaro ARZU Irigoyen;
National Liberation Movement (MLN), Mario SANDOVAL Alarcon;
Social Democratic Party (PSD), Mario SOLARZANO Martinez;
Popular Alliance 5 (AP-5), Max ORLANDO Molina;
Revolutionary Party (PR), Carlos CHAVARRIA;
National Authentic Center (CAN), Hector MAYORA Dawe;
Alliance for '90 led by Rios MONTT, consisting of three
parties - Democratic Institutional Party (PID), Oscar RIVAS;
Nationalist United Front (FUN), Gabriel GIRON;
Guatemalan Republican Front (FRG), Berna ROLANDO Mendez


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


_#_Elections:

President - runoff held on 11 January 1991 (next to be held
11 November 1995);
results - Jorge SERRANO Elias (MAS) 68.1%, Jorge CARPIO
Nicolle (UCN) 31.9%;

Congress - last held on 11 November 1990 (next to be held
11 November 1995);
results - UCN 25.6%, MAS 24.3%, DCG 17.5%, PAN 17.3%, MLN 4.8%,
PSD/AP-5 3.6%, PR 2.1%;
seats - (116 total) UCN 41, DCG 28, MAS 18, PAN 12, Alliance for '90
11, MLN 4, PR 1, PSD/AP-5 1


_#_Communists: Guatemalan Labor Party (PGT); main radical left
guerrilla groups - Guerrilla Army of the Poor (EGP), Revolutionary
Organization of the People in Arms (ORPA), Rebel Armed Forces (FAR),
and PGT dissidents


_#_Other political or pressure groups: Federated Chambers of Commerce
and Industry (CACIF), Mutual Support Group (GAM), Unity for Popular and
Labor Action (UASP), Agrarian Owners Group (UNAGRO), Committee for
Campesino Unity (CUC)


_#_Member of: BCIE, CACM, CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-24, G-77, IADB, IAEA,
IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL,
IOC, IOM, ITU, LAES, LAIA (observer), LORCS, OAS, OPANAL, PCA, UN,
UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO


_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Juan Jose CASO Fanjul;
Chancery at 2220 R Street NW, Washington DC 20008; telephone (202)
745-4952 through 4954;
there are Guatemalan Consulates General in Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles,
Miami, New Orleans, New York, and San Francisco;

US - Ambassador Thomas F. STROOCK; Embassy at 7-01 Avenida de la
Reforma, Zone 10, Guatemala City (mailing address is APO Miami 34024);
telephone [502] (2) 31-15-41


_#_Flag: three equal vertical bands of light blue (hoist side),
white, and light blue with the coat of arms centered in the white
band; the coat of arms includes a green and red quetzal (the national
bird) and a scroll bearing the inscription LIBERTAD 15 DE
SEPTIEMBRE DE 1821 (the original date of independence from Spain)
all superimposed on a pair of crossed rifles and a pair of crossed
swords and framed by a wreath


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: The economy is based on agriculture, which accounts for
26% of GDP, employs about 60% of the labor force, and supplies two-thirds
of exports. Manufacturing accounts for about 15% of GDP and 12% of the
labor force. In 1990 the economy grew by 3.5%, the fourth consecutive
year of mild growth. Government economic policies, however, were erratic
in 1990 - an election year - and inflation shot up to 60%, the highest
level in modern times.


_#_GDP: $11.1 billion, per capita $1,180; real growth rate 3.5%
(1990 est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 60% (1990 est.)


_#_Unemployment rate: 13%, with 30-40% underemployment (1989 est.)


_#_Budget: revenues $1.05 billion; expenditures $1.3 billion,
including capital expenditures of $270 million (1989 est.)


_#_Exports: $1.24 billion (f.o.b., 1990);

commodities - coffee 24%, sugar 9%, bananas 8%, beef 4%;

partners - US 28%, El Salvador, FRG, Costa Rica, Italy


_#_Imports: $1.77 billion (c.i.f., 1990);

commodities - fuel and petroleum products, machinery, grain,
fertilizers, motor vehicles;

partners - US 40%, Mexico, FRG, Japan, El Salvador


_#_External debt: $2.8 billion (December 1990 est.)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate 4.0% (1988); accounts
for 18% of GDP


_#_Electricity: 819,000 kW capacity; 2,594 million kWh produced,
280 kWh per capita (1990)


_#_Industries: sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals,
petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism


_#_Agriculture: accounts for 26% of GDP; most important sector of
economy and contributes two-thirds to export earnings; principal
crops - sugarcane, corn, bananas, coffee, beans, cardamom;
livestock - cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens; food importer


_#_Illicit drugs: illicit producer of opium poppy and cannabis for the
international drug trade; the government has engaged in aerial
eradication of opium poppy; transit country for cocaine shipments


_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-90), $1.1
billion; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-88), $7.8 billion


_#_Currency: quetzal (plural - quetzales); 1 quetzal (Q) = 100 centavos


_#_Exchange rates: free market quetzales (Q) per US$1 - 5.4
(April 1991), 4.4858 (1990), 2.8161 (1989), 2.6196 (1988), 2.500
(1987), 1.875 (1986), 1.000 (1985); note - black-market rate 2.800
(May 1989)


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Railroads: 870 km 0.914-meter gauge, single track; 780 km
government owned, 90 km privately owned


_#_Highways: 26,429 km total; 2,868 km paved, 11,421 km gravel,
and 12,140 unimproved


_#_Inland waterways: 260 km navigable year round; additional 730 km
navigable during high-water season


_#_Pipelines: crude oil, 275 km


_#_Ports: Puerto Barrios, Puerto Quetzal, Santo Tomas de Castilla


_#_Merchant marine: 1 cargo ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling
4,129 GRT/6,450 DWT


_#_Civil air: 10 major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 430 total, 381 usable; 11 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 3 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 19 with
runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: fairly modern network centered in Guatemala
[city]; 97,670 telephones; stations - 91 AM, no FM, 25 TV, 15 shortwave;
connection into Central American Microwave System; 1 Atlantic Ocean
INTELSAT earth station


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 2,097,234; 1,372,623 fit for
military service; 110,949 reach military age (18) annually


_#_Defense expenditures: $113 million, 1% of GDP (1990)
_%_
[email protected]_Guernsey
(British crown dependency)
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 194 km2; land area: 194 km2; includes Alderney,
Guernsey, Herm, Sark, and some other smaller islands


_#_Comparative area: slightly larger than Washington, DC


_#_Land boundaries: none


_#_Coastline: 50 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 3 nm


_#_Climate: temperate with mild winters and cool summers; about 50% of
days are overcast


_#_Terrain: mostly level with low hills in southwest


_#_Natural resources: cropland


_#_Land use: arable land NA%; permanent crops NA%; meadows and
pastures NA%; forest and woodland NA%; other NA%; cultivated about 50%


_#_Environment: large, deepwater harbor at Saint Peter Port


_#_Note: 52 km west of France


_*_People
_#_Population: 57,596 (July 1991), growth rate 0.6% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 12 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 11 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: 5 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 6 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 72 years male, 78 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 1.6 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Channel Islander(s); adjective - Channel Islander


_#_Ethnic divisions: UK and Norman-French descent


_#_Religion: Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Baptist,
Congregational, Methodist


_#_Language: English, French; Norman-French dialect spoken in country
districts


_#_Literacy: NA% (male NA%, female NA%) but compulsory education
age 5 to 16


_#_Labor force: NA


_#_Organized labor: NA


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Bailiwick of Guernsey


_#_Type: British crown dependency


_#_Capital: Saint Peter Port


_#_Administrative divisions: none (British crown dependency)


_#_Independence: none (British crown dependency)


_#_Constitution: unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and
practice


_#_Legal system: English law and local statute; justice is
administered by the Royal Court


_#_National holiday: Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)


_#_Executive branch: British monarch, lieutenant governor, bailiff,
deputy bailiff


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral Assembly of the States


_#_Judicial branch: Royal Court


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952);

Head of Government - Lieutenant Governor Lt. Gen. Sir Michael
WILKINS (since 1990); Bailiff Sir Charles FROSSARD (since 1982)


_#_Political parties and leaders: none; all independents


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


_#_Elections:

Assembly of the States - last held NA (next to be held NA);
results - percent of vote NA;
seats - (60 total, 33 elected), all independents


_#_Communists: none


_#_Member of: none



Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyThe 1991 CIA World Factbook → online text (page 30 of 89)