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SHAMIR;
Sephardic Torah Guardians (SHAS), Minister of Interior Arieh DER'I;
National Religious Party, Minister of Education Zevulun HAMMER;
Agudat Yisrael, Moshe Zeev FELDMAN;
Degel HaTorah, Avraham RAVITZ;
Moriya, Minister of Immigrant Absorption, Yitzhak PERETZ;
Ge'vlat Yisrael, Elizer MIZRAHI;
Party for the Advancement of Zionist Ideology (PAZI), Minister of
Finance Yitzhak MODAI;
Tehiya Party, Minister of Science, Technology, Energy, and Infrastructure
Yuval NE'EMAN;
Tzomet Party, Minister of Agriculture Rafael EITAN;
Unity for Peace and Aliyah, Efrayim GUR;
Moledet Party, Rehavam ZE'EVI;

Opposition parties - Labor Party, Shimon PERES;
Citizens' Rights Movement, Shulamit ALONI;
United Workers' Party (MAPAM), Yair TZABAN;
Center Movement-Shinui, Amnon RUBENSTEIN;
New Israeli Communist Party (MAKI), Meir WILNER;
Progressive List for Peace, Muhammad MI'ARI;
Arab Democratic Party, Abd Al Wahab DARAWSHAH;
Black Panthers, Charlie BITON


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


_#_Elections:

President - last held 23 February 1988 (next to be held February
1994); results - Chaim HERZOG reelected by Knesset;

Knesset - last held 1 November 1988 (next to be held by
November 1992);
seats - (120 total) Labor Party 38, Likud bloc 37, SHAS 5, National
Religious Party 5, Citizens' Rights Movement 5, Agudat Yisrael 4,
PAZI 3, MAKI 3, Tehiya Party 3, MAPAM 3, Tzomet Party 2, Moledet Party 2,
Degel HaTorah 2, Center Movement-Shinui 2, Progressive List for Peace 1,
Arab Democratic Party 1; Black Panthers 1, Moriya 1, Ge'ulat
Yisrael 1, Unity for Peace and Aliyah 1


_#_Communists: Hadash (predominantly Arab but with Jews in its
leadership) has some 1,500 members


_#_Other political or pressure groups: Gush Emunim, Jewish
nationalists advocating Jewish settlement on the West Bank and Gaza
Strip; Peace Now, critical of government's West Bank/Gaza Strip and
Lebanon policies


_#_Member of: AG (observer), CCC, EBRD, FAO, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD,
ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT,
INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, OAS (observer), PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO


_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Zalman SHOVAL; Chancery at
3514 International Drive NW, Washington DC 20008; telephone (202)
364-5500; there are Israeli Consulates General in Atlanta, Boston,
Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Philadelphia, and San
Francisco;

US - Ambassador William A. BROWN; Embassy at 71 Hayarkon Street,
Tel Aviv (mailing address is APO New York 09672); telephone [972] (3)
654338; there is a US Consulate General in Jerusalem


_#_Flag: white with a blue hexagram (six-pointed linear star) known as
the Magen David (Shield of David) centered between two equal horizontal
blue bands near the top and bottom edges of the flag


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Israel has a market economy with substantial government
participation. It depends on imports for crude oil, food, grains, raw
materials, and military equipment. Despite limited natural resources,
Israel has developed its agricultural and industrial sectors on an
intensive scale over the past 20 years. Industry accounts for about 23%
of the labor force, agriculture for 5%, and services for most of the
balance. Diamonds, high-technology machinery, and agricultural products
(fruits and vegetables) are the biggest export earners. The balance of
payments has traditionally been negative, but is offset by large transfer
payments and foreign loans. About half of Israel's $18 billion external
government debt is owed to the US, which is its major source for economic
and military aid. To earn needed foreign exchange, Israel must continue
to exploit high-technology niches in the international market, such as
medical scanning equipment. Iraq's invasion of Kuwait on 2 August dealt
a blow to Israel's economy in 1990. Higher world oil prices added an
estimated $300 million to Israel's 1990 oil import bill, and helped
keep the inflation rate at 18% for the year. Regional tensions
and continuing acts of the Palestinian uprising
(intifadah)-related violence contributed to a sharp dropoff in
tourism - a key source of foreign exchange - to the lowest level since the
1973 Arab-Israeli war. In 1991, the influx of up to 400,000 Soviet
immigrants will increase unemployment, intensify the country's
housing crisis, and contribute to a widening budget deficit.


_#_GNP: $46.5 billion, per capita $10,500; real growth rate 3.5%
(1990 est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 18% (1990)


_#_Unemployment rate: 9.8% (March 1991)


_#_Budget: revenues $28.7 billion; expenditures $33.0 billion,
including capital expenditures of $NA (FY91)


_#_Exports: $10.7 billion (f.o.b., 1989);

commodities - polished diamonds, citrus and other fruits, textiles
and clothing, processed foods, fertilizer and chemical products, military
hardware, electronics;

partners - US, UK, FRG, France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Italy


_#_Imports: $14.2 billion (c.i.f., 1989 est.);

commodities - military equipment, rough diamonds, oil, chemicals,
machinery, iron and steel, cereals, textiles, vehicles, ships, aircraft;

partners - US, FRG, UK, Switzerland, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg


_#_External debt: $24.5 billion, of which government debt is
$18 billion (December 1990)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate - 1.5% (1989); accounts
for about 40% of GDP


_#_Electricity: 4,392,000 kW capacity; 17,500 million kWh produced,
4,000 kWh per capita (1989)


_#_Industries: food processing, diamond cutting and polishing,
textiles, clothing, chemicals, metal products, military equipment,
transport equipment, electrical equipment, miscellaneous machinery,
potash mining, high-technology electronics, tourism


_#_Agriculture: accounts for 5% of GNP; largely self-sufficient in
food production, except for bread grains; principal products - citrus and
other fruits, vegetables, cotton; livestock products - beef, dairy, and
poultry


_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-90), $18.2
billion; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-88), $2.5 billion


_#_Currency: new Israeli shekel (plural - shekels);
1 new Israeli shekel (NIS) = 100 new agorot


_#_Exchange rates: new Israeli shekels (NIS) per US$1 - 2.35
(May 1991), 2.0162 (1990), 1.9164 (1989), 1.5989 (1988), 1.5946
(1987), 1.4878 (1986), 1.1788 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: 1 April-31 March; changing to calender year basis
starting January 1992


_*_Communications
_#_Railroads: 594 km 1.435-meter gauge, single track; diesel operated


_#_Highways: 4,500 km; majority is bituminous surfaced


_#_Pipelines: crude oil, 708 km; refined products, 290 km; natural
gas, 89 km


_#_Ports: Ashdod, Haifa, Elat


_#_Merchant marine: 30 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 516,714
GRT/611,795 DWT; includes 7 cargo, 21 container, 2 refrigerated cargo;
note - Israel also maintains a significant flag of convenience fleet,
which is normally at least as large as the Israeli flag fleet; the
Israeli flag of convenience fleet typically includes all of its POL
tankers


_#_Civil air: 27 major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 51 total, 44 usable; 26 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 6 with runways 2,440-3,659 m;
12 with runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: most highly developed in the Middle East
though not the largest; good system of coaxial cable and radio relay;
1,800,000 telephones; stations - 11 AM, 24 FM, 54 TV; 2 submarine cables;
satellite earth stations - 2 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT and 1 Indian Ocean
INTELSAT


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Israel Defense Forces includes ground, naval, and air
components; historically there have been no separate Israeli military
services


_#_Manpower availability: eligible 15-49, 2,213,808; of the 1,117,733
males 15-49, 920,449 are fit for military service; of the 1,096,075
females 15-49, 899,022 are fit for military service; 44,429 males and
42,249 females reach military age (18) annually; both sexes are liable
for military service; Nahal or Pioneer Fighting Youth, Frontier Guard,
Chen


_#_Defense expenditures: $5.3 billion, 13.9% of GNP (1991);
note - includes an estimated $1.8 billion in US military aid
_%_
[email protected]_Italy
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 301,230 km2; land area: 294,020 km2; includes Sardinia
and Sicily


_#_Comparative area: slightly larger than Arizona


_#_Land boundaries: 1,902.2 km total; Austria 430 km, France 488 km,
San Marino 39 km, Switzerland 740 km, Vatican City 3.2 km, Yugoslavia
202 km


_#_Coastline: 4,996 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Climate: predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry
in south


_#_Terrain: mostly rugged and mountainous; some plains, coastal
lowlands


_#_Natural resources: mercury, potash, marble, sulfur, dwindling
natural gas and crude oil reserves, fish, coal


_#_Land use: arable land 32%; permanent crops 10%; meadows and
pastures 17%; forest and woodland 22%; other 19%; includes irrigated 10%


_#_Environment: regional risks include landslides, mudflows,
snowslides, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, flooding, pollution; land
sinkage in Venice


_#_Note: strategic location dominating central Mediterranean as
well as southern sea and air approaches to Western Europe


_*_People
_#_Population: 57,772,375 (July 1991), growth rate 0.2% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 11 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 10 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: 1 migrant/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 6 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 75 years male, 82 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 1.4 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Italian(s); adjective - Italian


_#_Ethnic divisions: primarily Italian but population includes small
clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and
Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south; Sicilians; Sardinians


_#_Religion: nominally Roman Catholic almost 100%


_#_Language: Italian; parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are
predominantly German speaking; significant French-speaking minority in
Valle d'Aosta region; Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia
area


_#_Literacy: 97% (male 98%, female 96%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1990 est.)


_#_Labor force: 23,988,000; services 58%, industry 32.2%,
agriculture 9.8% (1988)


_#_Organized labor: 40-45% of labor force (est.)


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Italian Republic


_#_Type: republic


_#_Capital: Rome


_#_Administrative divisions: 20 regions (regioni, singular - regione);
Abruzzi, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Emilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia
Giulia, Lazio, Liguria, Lombardia, Marche, Molise, Piemonte, Puglia,
Sardegna, Sicilia, Toscana, Trentino-Alto Adige, Umbria, Valle d'Aosta,
Veneto


_#_Independence: 17 March 1861, Kingdom of Italy proclaimed


_#_Constitution: 1 January 1948


_#_Legal system: based on civil law system, with ecclesiastical law
influence; appeals treated as trials de novo; judicial review under
certain conditions in Constitutional Court; has not accepted compulsory
ICJ jurisdiction


_#_National holiday: Anniversary of the Republic, 2 June (1946)


_#_Executive branch: president, prime minister (president of the
Council of Ministers)


_#_Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament (Parlamento) consists of
an upper chamber or Senate of the Republic (Senato della Repubblica)
and a lower chamber or Chamber of Deputies (Camera dei Deputati)


_#_Judicial branch: Constitutional Court (Corte Costituzionale)


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - President Francesco COSSIGA (since 3 July 1985);

Head of Government - Prime Minister Giulio ANDREOTTI (since 22 July
1989, heads the government for the seventh time); Deputy Prime Minister
Claudio MARTELLI (since 23 July 1989)


_#_Political parties and leaders:
Christian Democratic Party (DC), Arnaldo FORLANI (general secretary),
Ciriaco De MITA (president);
Socialist Party (PSI), Bettino CRAXI (party secretary);
Social Democratic Party (PSDI), Antonio CARIGLIA (party secretary);
Liberal Party (PLI), Renato ALTISSIMO (secretary general);
Democratic Party of the Left (PDS - was Communist Party, or PCI, until
January 1991), Achille OCCHETTO (secretary general);
Italian Social Movement (MSI), Giuseppe (Pino) RAUTI (national
secretary);
Republican Party (PRI), Giorgio La MALFA (political secretary);
Lega Nord, Umberto BOSSI, president;
Italy's 50th postwar government was formed on 13 April 1991,
with Prime Minister ANDREOTTI, a Christian Democrat, presiding over a
four-party coalition consisting of the Christian Democrats, Socialists,
Social Democrats, and Liberals


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18 (except in senatorial elections,
where minimum age is 25)


_#_Elections:

Senate - last held 14-15 June 1987 (next to be held by June 1992);
results - DC 33.9%, PCI 28.3%, PSI 10.7%, other 27.1%;
seats - (320 total, 315 elected) DC 125, PCI 100, PSI 36, other 54;

Chamber of Deputies - last held 14-15 June 1987 (next to be held by
June 1992);
results - DC 34.3%, PCI 26.6%, PSI 14.3%, MSI 5.9%, PRI 3.7%, PSDI 3.0%,
Radicals 2.6%, Greens 2.5%, PLI 2.1%, Proletarian Democrats 1.7%,
other 3.3%;
seats - (630 total) DC 234, PCI 177, PSI 94, MSI 35, PRI 21, PSDI 17,
Radicals 13, Greens 13, PLI 11, Proletarian Democrats 8, other 7


_#_Communists: 1.3 million (1990)


_#_Other political or pressure groups: the Roman Catholic Church;
three major trade union confederations (CGIL - Communist dominated,
CISL - Christian Democratic, and UIL - Social Democratic, Socialist, and
Republican); Italian manufacturers association (Confindustria);
organized farm groups (Confcoltivatori, Confagricoltura)


_#_Member of: AfDB, AG (observer), AsDB, BIS, CCC, CE, CERN, COCOM,
CSCE, EBRD, EC, ECE, EIB, ESA, FAO, G-7, G-10, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD,
ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IEA, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT,
INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LORCS, NATO, NEA, OAS (observer),
OECD, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIIMOG, UNMOGIP,
UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO


_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Rinaldo PETRIGNANI; Chancery
at 1601 Fuller Street NW, Washington DC 20009; telephone (202) 328-5500;
there are Italian Consulates General in Boston, Chicago, Houston, New
Orleans, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, San Francisco, and Consulates in
Detroit and Newark (New Jersey);

US - Ambassador Peter F. SECCHIA; Embassy at Via Veneto 119/A,
00187-Rome (mailing address is APO New York 09794); telephone [39] (6)
46741; there are US Consulates General in Florence, Genoa, Milan, Naples,
and Palermo (Sicily)


_#_Flag: three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and
red; similar to the flag of Ireland which is longer and is green (hoist
side), white, and orange; also similar to the flag of the Ivory Coast
which has the colors reversed - orange (hoist side), white, and green


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Since World War II the economy has changed from one based
on agriculture into a ranking industrial economy, with approximately the
same total and per capita output as France and the UK. The country is
still divided into a developed industrial north, dominated by small
private companies, and an undeveloped agricultural south, dominated by
large public enterprises. Services account for 48% of GDP, industry 34%,
agriculture 4%, and public administration 13%. Most raw materials needed
by industry and over 75% of energy requirements must be imported. The
economic recovery that began in mid-1983 has continued through 1990, with
the economy growing at an annual average rate of 3%. For the 1990s, Italy
faces the problems of refurbishing a tottering communications system,
curbing pollution in major industrial centers, and adjusting to the new
competitive forces accompanying the ongoing economic integration of the
European Community.


_#_GDP: $844.7 billion, per capita $14,600; real growth rate 2.0%
(1990)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 6% (1990)


_#_Unemployment rate: 11.0% (1990 est.)


_#_Budget: revenues $355 billion; expenditures $448 billion,
including capital expenditures of $NA (1989)


_#_Exports: $170.4 billion (f.o.b., 1990);

commodities - textiles, wearing apparel, metals, transportation
equipment, chemicals;

partners - EC 57%, US 8%, OPEC 4%


_#_Imports: $182.0 billion (c.i.f., 1990);

commodities - petroleum, industrial machinery, chemicals, metals,
food, agricultural products;

partners - EC 58%, OPEC 6%, US 5%


_#_External debt: NA


_#_Industrial production: growth rate - 0.1% (1990); accounts for
almost 35% of GDP


_#_Electricity: 56,800,000 kW capacity; 225,000 million kWh produced,
3,900 kWh per capita (1990)


_#_Industries: machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing,
textiles, motor vehicles, clothing, footwear, ceramics


_#_Agriculture: accounts for about 4% of GDP and 10% of the
work force; self-sufficient in foods other than meat and dairy products;
principal crops - fruits, vegetables, grapes, potatoes, sugar beets,
soybeans, grain, olives; fish catch of 388,200 metric tons in 1988


_#_Economic aid: donor - ODA and OOF commitments (1970-89), $25.9
billion


_#_Currency: Italian lira (plural - lire); 1 Italian lira (Lit) = 100
centesimi


_#_Exchange rates: Italian lire (Lit) per US$1 - 1,134.4 (January
1991), 1,198.1 (1990), 1,372.1 (1989), 1,301.6 (1988), 1,296.1 (1987),
1,490.8 (1986), 1,909.4 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Railroads: 20,011 km total; 16,066 km 1.435-meter government-owned
standard gauge (8,999 km electrified); 3,945 km privately owned - 2,100 km
1.435-meter standard gauge (1,155 km electrified) and 1,845 km
0.950-meter narrow gauge (380 km electrified)


_#_Highways: 294,410 km total; autostrada 5,900 km, state highways
45,170 km, provincial highways 101,680 km, communal highways 141,660 km;
260,500 km concrete, bituminous, or stone block, 26,900 km gravel and
crushed stone,7,010 km earth


_#_Inland waterways: 2,400 km for various types of commercial
traffic, although of limited overall value


_#_Pipelines: crude oil, 1,703 km; refined products, 2,148 km; natural
gas, 19,400 km


_#_Ports: Cagliari (Sardinia), Genoa, La Spezia, Livorno, Naples,
Palermo (Sicily), Taranto, Trieste, Venice


_#_Merchant marine: 575 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 7,462,744
GRT/11,593,730 DWT; includes 11 passenger, 44 short-sea passenger,
103 cargo, 5 refrigerated cargo, 23 container, 67 roll-on/roll-off cargo,
7 vehicle carrier, 1 multifunction large-load carrier, 2 livestock
carrier, 151 petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) tanker, 37 chemical
tanker, 38 liquefied gas, 10 specialized tanker, 14 combination ore/oil,
60 bulk, 2 combination bulk


_#_Civil air: 125 major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 138 total, 135 usable; 90 with permanent-surface runways;
2 with runways over 3,659 m; 36 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 38 with
runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: well engineered, constructed, and operated;
28,000,000 telephones; stations - 144 AM, 54 (over 1,800 repeaters) FM,
450 (over 1,300 repeaters) TV; 22 submarine cables; communication
satellite earth stations operating in INTELSAT 3 Atlantic Ocean and 2
Indian Ocean, INMARSAT, and EUTELSAT systems


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Carabinieri


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 14,747,224; 12,877,803 fit for
military service; 418,043 reach military age (18) annually


_#_Defense expenditures: $19.2 billion, 2.2% of GDP (1990)
_%_
[email protected]_Ivory Coast
(also known as Cote d'Ivoire)
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 322,460 km2; land area: 318,000 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly larger than New Mexico


_#_Land boundaries: 3,110 km total; Burkina 584 km, Ghana 668 km,
Guinea 610 km, Liberia 716 km, Mali 532 km


_#_Coastline: 515 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Continental shelf: 200 m (depth);

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Climate: tropical along coast, semiarid in far north; three
seasons - warm and dry (November to March), hot and dry (March to May),
hot and wet (June to October)


_#_Terrain: mostly flat to undulating plains; mountains in northwest


_#_Natural resources: crude oil, diamonds, manganese, iron ore,
cobalt, bauxite, copper


_#_Land use: arable land 9%; permanent crops 4%; meadows and pastures
9%; forest and woodland 26%; other 52%; includes irrigated NEGL%


_#_Environment: coast has heavy surf and no natural harbors; severe
deforestation


_*_People
_#_Population: 12,977,909 (July 1991), growth rate 3.9% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 48 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 12 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: 4 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 97 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 52 years male, 56 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 6.8 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Ivorian(s); adjective - Ivorian


_#_Ethnic divisions: over 60 ethnic groups; most important are the
Baoule 23%, Bete 18%, Senoufou 15%, Malinke 11%, and Agni; foreign
Africans, mostly Burkinabe about 2 million; non-Africans about 130,000 to
330,000 (French 30,000 and Lebanese 100,000 to 300,000)


_#_Religion: indigenous 63%, Muslim 25%, Christian 12%,


_#_Language: French (official), over 60 native dialects; Dioula most
widely spoken


_#_Literacy: 54% (male 67%, female 40%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1990 est.)


_#_Labor force: 5,718,000; over 85% of population engaged in
agriculture, forestry, livestock raising; about 11% of labor force are
wage earners, nearly half in agriculture and the remainder in government,
industry, commerce, and professions; 54% of population of working age
(1985)


_#_Organized labor: 20% of wage labor force


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Republic of the Ivory Coast; note - the local
official name is Republique de Cote d'Ivoire


_#_Type: republic; multiparty presidential regime established 1960


_#_Capital: Abidjan (capital city changed to Yamoussoukro in March
1983 but not recognized by US)


_#_Administrative divisions: 49 departments (departements,
singular - (departement); Abengourou, Abidjan, Aboisso, Adzope,
Agboville, Bangolo, Beoumi, Biankouma, Bondoukou, Bongouanou,
Bouafle, Bouake, Bouna, Boundiali, Dabakala, Daloa, Danane,
Daoukro, Dimbokro, Divo, Duekoue, Ferkessedougou, Gagnoa,
Grand-Lahou, Guiglo, Issia, Katiola, Korhogo, Lakota,
Man, Mankono, Mbahiakro, Odienne, Oume, Sakassou, San-Pedro,
Sassandra, Seguela, Sinfra, Soubre, Tabou, Tanda, Tengrela,
Tiassale, Touba, Toumodi, Vavoua, Yamoussoukro, Zuenoula


_#_Independence: 7 August 1960 (from France)


_#_Constitution: 3 November 1960


_#_Legal system: based on French civil law system and customary law;
judicial review in the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court; has
not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


_#_National holiday: National Day, 7 December


_#_Executive branch: president, Council of Ministers (cabinet)


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (Assemblee
Nationale)


_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State and Head of Government - President Dr. Felix
HOUPHOUET-BOIGNY (since 27 November 1960); Prime Minister Allassane
OUATTARE (since 7 November 1990)


_#_Political parties and leaders:
Democratic Party of the Ivory Coast (PDCI), Dr. Felix
HOUPHOUET-BOIGNY;
Ivorian Popular Front (FPI), Laurent GBAGBO;
Ivorian Worker's Party (PIT), Francis WODIE;
Ivorian Socialist Party (PSI), Morifere BAMBA;
over 20 smaller parties


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 21


_#_Elections:

President - last held 28 October 1990 (next to be held October
1995);
results - President Felix HOUPHOUET-BOIGNY received 81% of the vote
in his first contested election; he is currently serving his seventh
consecutive five-year term;

National Assembly - last held 25 November 1990 (next to be held
November 1995);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (175 total) PDCI 163, FPI 9, PIT 1, independents 2


_#_Communists: no Communist party; possibly some sympathizers


_#_Member of: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, CEAO, ECA, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO,



Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyThe 1991 CIA World Factbook → online text (page 37 of 89)